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MUSIC SINGING AND DIALOGUES BROUGHT DIRECT TO YOUR BEDSIDE BY WIRE.
The Prince of Wales t Troubled With Ennui While He Rested His In jured Knee, Took a Fancy to the Electro phone for Amusing Himself and Now It Is All the Rage With the Wearied and the Lazy Lon- doners* LONDON*, Aug. 11.— Just at present we who are compelled to remain In the city are greatly ex cited over the latest feat of science. This is a contrivance that brings opera-houses, lecture halls, theaters and churches into our very rooms. No going out on a rainy night to hear a favorite prima donna. We simply sit in our cozy parlors, call up "central" and have the music turned on for us. And it all sounds almost as well a 8 if we were right in the opera house. And whom have we to thank for this great beneficence? Why, the Prince of Wales. If his Royal Highness had not accidentally broken his kneecap some time ago It is not likely that this great achievement would have be come common for a long while yet. Of course it was bound to come in time, for didn't Bellamy in his "Lookingßack ward" foretell it? When the Prince of Wales was first laid up as a result of injuring a knee he sadly J ■ i MTTIIRFS OF EMINENT SPEAKERS. SOME OF THE INTERESTING THINGS THAT ARE BEING SENT OVER THE WIRES DIRECT TO THE EARS OF ELECTROPHONE SUBSCRIBERS BIG DYNAMITE SHELLS DISCHARGED BY GUNPOWDER. EVERY piece of artillery in serv ice can be made a dynamite gun. This astounding proposition is made possible by a, process-,in vented by Willard S. Isham of ■ •. . the City of Mexico, by which . shells charged with dynamite may be • safely discharged from a gun by means ■of gunpowder, the shell bursting by im . pact or by a time fuse. Mr. Isham recently placed his inven .-" tion before the Army. and Navy Ord nance bureaus, asking permission to give tests at the Government proving grounds. At first the ordnance ex . perts were rather skeptical, but after a thorough examination of the process Captain O'Neil. chief of the Ordnance Bureau, said, that he believed it would work successfully. All the ordnance . experts agree that Isham has accom ' piishea something that no one else has , done. A test of the invention v. ill be made at Sandy Hook as soon as possible, and if successful may be adopted by the Government. Two successful tests were made in Mexico, and, in a letter, to Secretary Alger, United States Minister General Powell Clayton writes: "Mr. Isham, under the auspices of the War Department here, has made two tests of his: invention, the latter of which was witnessed . by President missed his music and theaters. What was to be done? All manner of things were sug gested. The phonograph was tried but not found to be sat isfactory. Performers. of course, could come to his room. but even this was not at all times desirable. As usual, necessity produced the man. This was a young fellow who knew all about tel ephones, and he easily rigged up an apparatus connecting the Prince's apartments with Albert Hall. The result was most gratifying, and His Royal Highness lay back on his pillows and enjoyed the music to the utmost. He heard it as plainly as if he were in the hall. Being able to gratify every want that ran be gratified, the Prince naturally was not sat isfied with only the perform ance In Albert Hall. He cried for more, and it was not long before the sickroom was con nected with all the principal houses of amusement in Lon don, as well as with a number of churches for their Sunday sermons. BtST NUMBERS OF THE CONCERT HALLS. Diaz, General Berriozal. the Mexican Secretary of War, myself and others. The gun used was a smooth bore; cali ber 8 inches, length 9 feet 2 inches, length of bore 8 feet o inches and wight 3*i tons. The gun was dis mounted and buried in the clay bank of the ravine in which it was dis charged. "The charge was fifteen pounds of black powder, the projectile of the diameter of the piece, cylindrical in form, 20 inches in length, of cast iron, and weighing 143 pounds, in addition to the seventeen pounds of dynamite it contained. It was discharged by means of a fuse, the bomb striking a bli-ff °78Vfc feet distant, bursting by impact and dislodging a large quantity of ma terial There is no doubt that the tests were eminently successful under the conditions stated. "In thirtoen-inch shells of the pres ent length and construction the l-.iven tor claims that he can fire with per fect safety ; 200 nounds of No. 1 dyna mite which IB 75 per cent nkro-g!ycer- Ine This is equal to 500 pounds of pun cotton or 1400 pounds of ordinary gun powder. Even pure nltro-glycerine. or explosive gelatine may be used in place of the • dynamite: He employs service charges of powder, and the service shells but the \ load is dynamite or a higher o explosive. A thirteen-inch shell loaded, with 200 pounds of dyna mite and fired" at an ancle of 45 degrees THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, SUNDAY, AUGUST 28, 1898. THIS p/\RT OF BELL^yS DREAJ4 OF "LOOKI^IQ As soon as the plan had proved a success the telephone company naturally began to make arrangements to let the public enjoy It as well as the Prince. This was not a diffi cult matter, as the apparatus Is very simple, the only es sential being that those desir ing the music and sermons had to be subscribers to the regular telephone service. As for cost, that is within th<* reach of people of moder ate means. The regular tele phone service costs about JoO a year. The music and ser mons also cost $50 a year, making a total of $100. Not very much when the amount of pleasure and convenience is considered. For want of a better name this apparatus has been chris tened the "electrophone." It is a very simple device, and does not interfere with the regular telephone service ex cept when one or both lines are "busy." Of course th se who want a special wire ior theaters only can get it at a little extra cost. The wires used are the tele phone wires. In the theater, church or concert hall trans mitters are placed in suitable positions and connected with central by a heavy wire. These transmitters are sim ply large cones for collecting the sound waves with the usual telephone diaphragm transmitter in the end. In the theaters and opera houses the transmitters are placed on the footlights* in the most advantageous p siftl >ns. In the churches it is neces sary to have several. One is placed In the pulpit, another can be sent twelve or thirteen miles. In all dynamite guns now in use com pressed air is used to propel the projec ! tile, and the guns on the Vesuvius are 1 operated by pneumatic force. " 'What do you claim for your inven tion?' was asked of Mr. Isham, and he said: " 'It will supplant torpedoes and har ; bor mines, for one of these shells fired from an 8-lnch gun would be more de i structive than the Whitehead torpedo. i The shell can be accurately aimed at 1 any desired mark, and on shipboard Its range of effectiveness is six or seven I miles, while the maximum range of the torpedo is 800 yards. " 'For coast defenses it will make of our mortars the most powerful de structive agents. Harbor mines can be dispensed with, since the charge in the shell is greater than that in the mines. i And instead of exploding in the air or i prematurely the shells can be made to ' hit a vessel accurately. " 'The shell can be fired from any field p) ecr , — t n fact, every cannon is a dyna mite gun by this system. Its adapta tion requires no change in the mechan ism of the gun or in the powder charge. The mechanism of the shell is such that it can be tested before and after loading with dynamite BO as to abso lutely prevent an explosion within the bore of the gun. My mathematical demonstration bears out this state rm-nt. Moreover, these shells can stand three times the initial strain of the or dinary dynamite shell now in use.' " By experiments in Mexico Mr. Isham ' discovered that, with a velocity of 1200 feet per second, a dynamite shell trav els about six f»et. after contact with a light plate, before an explosion actually j occurs. Hence one of thsse shells is capable of penetrating five or six inches of a vessel's armor plate and then bursting within, Ordnance experts state that It 1b not on the altar and another on the chancel rail. In this in stance some ingenuity was necessary in order to conceal the transmitters. In the Holy Trinity Church this was ac complished by putting the transmitter into a box shaped and decorated to look like a Bible. Of course it is advan tageous to get the transmit ter as close to the preacher as possible. At the receiving end of the wire is the private dwelling. There is practically no change in the instrument. A cap, which is the terminating point for two or more rubber tubes, is screwed on to the usual hand receiver. This is then placed In a suitable stand and the rubber tubes, ea< h of which has one ear piece, are placed in the ears. All sound that strikes the transmitter Is distinctly heard by everybody who has a pair of the ear tubes. Similar ear tubes are used In the street nickel-ln-the-slot phono graphs. When a person desires to hear the music at a certain theater "central" is called up in the usual way and the con nection made with the trans mitter on the stage, the same as when a number is called. And it Is done Just as quick ly. By the time the receiver is arranged the performance is ready to begin. As many people can hear the dialogue as there are pairs of tubes, and this is limited only by the size of the plate that screws on to the end of the receiver. The electrophone manager says he notices a largely in-,, creased demand for bedside installations, as opposed to Installations in dining rooms SONGS AND JESTS OF THE NEGRO MINSTRELS. likely that the invention will be adopt ed for naval service until some meth od of safely storing dynamite on board vessels for a year at least has been found or until some other nation adopts it. When this was mentioned to Mr. Isham he said: "Dynamite is not as dangerous as is commonly supposed, and it can be car ried on vessels as safely as ordinary black powder. It requires 700 degrees Fahrenheit to Ignite it, when It burns like an ordinary candle, without an ex plosion. Black gunpowder spurts up as it burns, and is more dangerous in the mere burning of it. Dynamite in a frozen state— that is, at forty-five de grees—is not capable of being detonat ed, and is Just as safe as wet guneot ton. Now these shells when eonstruet 1 ed can be loaded at some dynamite fac ! Tory and placed in a refrigerator until well frozen, when they can be packed In ice. They can then be carried on IS THERE WORK ENOUGH FOR ALL? HITMAN wants and desires have come to demand more than the mere necessities for living. Be fore ' a complete • supply of ■ such necessities is reached society de ' mands creature , comforts and means of ■ luxury. It accordingly r sends out its i demand for laborers who have 'greater, skill of manipulation and greater power of invention and 1 invites them to ascend to v bettor paid industries. ':■ These ; mi i elude manufactures that ar° adapted | to luxury and creature comforts and '■ which require a high order :of educa ! tion. technical ■ skill. "This culling out ! of the ; higher class of , laborers relieves GOflE JPUE BAGKW/\pD" Jty\S and drawing rooms. He sayß that many women go early to bed, and then lie and listen to song and music, which, as I think I have mentioned. Is conveyed to their brain cen ters by the simple indlarub ber tubing, ending in a pair of ear caps, which fit neatly, and need not be held up. This luxurious application of sci ence is not, I trust, for Sab baths. Or is it? If so, does it not portend increased absence from church? It really does sound comfortable, the idea of having breakfast in bed and then being switched on to Mr. Haweis, Mr. Price Hughes, Mr. Macrae, Mr. Adler, at a moment's notice. Then mark, if you do not like a sermon you cannot well walk out. But in this churchgoing by electrophone you have only to ring up if you are being bored or nettled or abused beyond bearing, to be switched on to a gentler monitor. I am not at all suje that, as Thomas Ingoldsby's monks said of the wicked Jackdaw, the devil is not in this electrophone. What if the preachers (who are only human, after all) — what if they succumbed to its Satanic wiles, and took to dis coursing from their reverend bedsides! Suppose sermons from bedside to bedside be came the fashion! And all be cause a Prince broke his kneecap! I asked if it would be possi ble for an outsider to listen to a debate in the House of Commons. The answer was that no less than four hun dred members had fallen in with the suggestion. "And do you find your Sun day service is much used?" I asked the manager of the company. BIRD SONGS IN THt APIAKr. I the pressure on the lower orders, wherein machinery displaces the mere ! hand laborer. It is obvious all along j the line that a new cycle of employ ! ments which a " luxury and creature comforts may draw into it the laborers of the lower class as fast as they can be dispensed with below. Suppose that an extreme limit is reached and that one person out of each hundred of the population is able to supply with the i aid of machinery all the raw material I that is needed. Suppose again that one ! person out of each hundred of the peo ple engaged in manufacturing, when aided by machinery, is equal to the task of producing all the articles of ne cessity. Suppose the same In the i sphere of transportation and com ! merce. When once the labor was re i adjusted it would be found that the ninety laborers out of each hundred could be profitably employed in provid ing a better quality of clothing, more 1 commodious dwelling, more comforta , ble furniture, better transportation fa cilities and inure healthful mills and working nlaces for the laborer. The I entire surplus of laborers could be j taken up into this higher order of oc cupations that increase the means of i luxury and comfort for the people. This readjustment of vocations may be accomplished well enough, provided i the laborers are generally intelligent. But this is a very important proviso. , The populace must be educated in the common schools and have that supe rior intelligence which comes from i knowledge of the rudiments — reading, writing, arithmetic, geography, indus : trial drawing, etc. And with education the laborer becomes able to ascend from ! mere handwork to the superrlsion and i direction of machinery, and to those employments requiring greater skill, which furnish the articles of luxury I and creature comfort.— William T. Har ris, in April Forum. If You Have a Telephone All You Have to Do Is to Ring Up Cen- tral and Tell It to Connect You With Any Theater, Church, Concert-Hall, Etc, That Is on the List and Then Put the "I should think It is. One feature is the demand for hymns. Many a client will ask to be put on t three or four different churches or chapels during one service." "Do you find any difficulty in persuading- ministers to al low the placing of transmit ters?" "None, I think. True, we have at present no connection with St. Paul's and the Ab bey; but here are the lists of places of worship and play houses both." They are so interesting (as a sigrn of the times) that we give them both: STAOS. j CHURCH. Garrick. jcanon \V. Barker, Marylebone. Lyric. Canon J. Fleming, j St. Michael's, Chester Square. Daly's. Canon Shuttle worth. St. Nicho las. Cole Abbey. Drury Lane. Chief Rabbi H. Adler, Gt. Syna gogue. Duke of York's. The Rev. T. H. Acheson, All Soulb', Langham Place. SPtECHcS IN PARUAMtNI JOKE ON MLLE. REICHEMBERG OF THE COMEDIE FRANCAISE. AFVXNY little adventure has just ! occurred to Mile. Reichemberg of the Comedie Francaise. This lady ! is a great favorite not only in j Paris but in all the places where ] her wit and her good acting have been j appreciated. She is a delightful woman, | no doubt, but she has her peculiarities, wMch serve as a foil to her charms, the best known being her unrelenting ', disposition in making fun at her best j friends' expense, her enthusiastic econ- j omy, and her love for the good things j of the table. Those who wish to remain i on good terms with her know how to please her. and nearly every morning fish, poultry, superb fruit, and the rar est primeurs come to her cook, who at j once rings the bell for her mistress — ! gather a topsy-turvy arrangement, but j Mile. Reichemberg does nothing like other people — and as soon as she hears j the bell she trots down to the basement. I There the two ladles pick and choose, j setting apart what is to be served on ! the table upstairs, and what is to be | sold to the man who comes every day ; from the Central market to bargain j with them, and take away the goods ; that will not keep. Last week the ' petite doyenne was particularly busy, ! and could not answer the bell or go i downstairs, not even when she heard j that a superb sterlet had arrived from ■, the shores of the Volga on a bed of ice; I and hurriedly she called to the cook to , take it herself to her noble fishmonger I Receivers to Your Ear and Listen* Savoy. The Rev. J. H. Car d w e 1 1 , St. Anne's. Soiio. Palace*. jThe Rev. J. W. J Dawson, High [ bury Congrega : tional. Prince of Wales.. The Rev. J. F. Kitte, St. Mar tin's - in - the Fields. Shaftesbury. The Rev. H. R. Hawe is , St. James", West moreland Street. Empire. The Rev. H. Price Hukh cs , St. James' Hall. Tivoll. The Rev. G. F. Pentecost, Pres byterian Church of England. Avenue. >The liev. A. J. I Robinson, Holy Trinity, Maryle bone. Gaiety. The Rev. C. Voy sey, Theistlc Church, Picca dilly. Pavilion. !The Rev. Alex j ander Macrae, [ Scotch National Church. Alhambra, The Rev. Father Ignatius, Port man Rooms. Suburban Theat's The Rev. H. R. Wakefleld, St. Marys, Rryan ston Square. and get a stiff price for it. She pocketed a good round sum over the deal, but had forgotten all about the fish, when a friend of hers, a Rus sian Prince, being at lunch at her house, asked her, suddenly, "How did you like the sterlet?" "Oh," said Reich emberg, "It was simply delicious — and fresh, in spite of its long journey; as fresh as if it had been caught an hour before." "The gills were as red as your lovely lips, were not they?" "More so, I can tell you, for, you know, I am a gourmande, and always see about these things myself." "But is that all?" "All! Pray, what do you mean?" "I mean," said the Prince, turning purple, "that the Grand Duke who sent the sterlet to my house, with other things, wrote and asked me to bring it myself to you, for he had put in each gill an emerald earring, which, I believe, he had promised you. But I knew you al ways superintended these things in person, and I thought I would let you have a little surprise." Vile. Reichemberg dropped her knife and fork and rushed down to the cook. But she never saw the beautiful emeralds. The fish merchant had for gotten to whom the sterlet had been ■old, and the Grand Duke's present Is most likely somewhere in the hands of a dishonest' chef. The Russian Prince did not keep the little story to himself, and it is now circulating among the good comrades of the petite doyenne to their Intense delight. 23