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The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, February 07, 1899, Image 3

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Carried by Just One More
77 Vote Than Necessary
Several Senators Won Over by
f the Clash With the Followers
of Aguinaldo,
*♦♦♦♦♦ + ♦♦+ + ♦♦♦•♦■♦♦ +♦♦ +++++++ ++++ + + ♦
I ;'■ ♦
:■:▼ WASHINGTON, Feb. 6. —lt was stated to-day by a prominent caller +
. ■f at the. White House that those Senators who were regarded as doubt- ♦
■ "■"f ful in their attitude on the ratification of tho peace treaty had been as- ♦
;.♦ sured this morning that the intention of the Administration regarding +
:•;♦ the Philippines did not contemplate a colonial policy. On the other ♦
>*f hand, it was stated, and the declaration was given as having the very -♦-
.■;.s highest official sanction, that the United States intended to simply ♦
.* establish a temporary protectorate oyer the Islands, precisely similar -f
'-f to that in Cuba, and aid the people in establishing a free government -f
If of their own, only retaining a coaling station, securing such commer- ♦
' *f cial advantages that might be just under the circumstances and ar- -f
v *f ranging for the repayment of the $20,000,000 to be paid by the United f .
_•*♦: States to Spain in accordance with the treaty of Paris. -f
' * ' - .. -f
7--f . ♦
7*7 WASHINGTON, Feb. 6.— The ♦
';-..♦' treaty of peace negotiated by ♦
/■¥•; the Commissioners of the United ♦
■+' States and Spain at Paris was +
; -■*♦■- to-day .ratified by the Senate, -f
: '.*f the vote being 57 ayes to 27 noes, +
'.vf or one vote more than the two-" ♦
■ .*♦ thirds majority necessary to se- +
7 **♦"*- cure Senatorial concurrence in a 4
'".'■'•f treaty document. +
■•> ♦
• ; . • The vote was taken in executive ses
7"sion, and until the injunction of se
crecy was removed the result was
■^supposed to be private; but the Vice-
: .''.President had no more than announced
■ .the figures before Senators rushed out
-.Of every door leading from the Senate
■: chamber declaring that the treaty had
7 been ratified. Some made the mistake
,*: of stating that there were three votes
"■to spare.
';'. -There was, in fact, only one vote
.' iriorp than was necessary the ballot
ing resulted 57 ayes to 27 noes.
• . .No vote has been taken in the Senate
.since that of the repeal of the purchas
ing clause of the Sherman law that has
' been, followed with as close interest
! as was the vote of to-day. This anx
-7 I.ety was due not only to the magni-
I tilde of the question at issue, but to
■ -."the uncertainty which attended the
* matter up to the last moment. Only
. :the select few knew how Senators Mc-
Enery of Louisiana and Senator Jones
: of Nevada would vote half an hour
before their votes were cast, and not
•even these knew when the bells rang
-..for- the executive session at a quarter
. past 2 o'clock.
Many of the vast throng which was
* turned from the galleries after the
.doors were closed in response to Sen
-7.7a.t0r Davis' motion lingered in the cor
'.ridors, all waiting eagerly for the first
news from inside. It was generally un
.. derstood that the first forty-five min
= utes was to be given to speech mak
ing, but the crowd apparently was pre
pared for this delay.
.Within the chamber the interest was
.. even more intense. Very few Senators
, left the chamber, except those engaged
in the cloak rooms in trying on the one
side to gain votes for the treaty and
the other to prevent a break in the
ranks. Senators Aldrich. Lodge and
Elkins, who have given their especial
attention to securing the necessary
votes to insure ratification, were doubt
i.i ful of the result when the secret session
began, while Senators Gorman and
•Jones, the leaders of the opposition,
.'considered their forces intact. Half an
■ : hour afterward it was whispered about
•7 that Senator McEnery had been won
. over on condition that his declaratory
;•*. resolution should be adopted subse
quent to the passage of the ratification
•'•resolution. When this news was con
,'firmed it was known that ratification
' was assured, for Senator McLaurin had
. already announced his intention to vote
'for the treaty in view of the condition
of affairs at Manila. Senator Jones
..'wept over at the last moment, making
the one. vote more than was necessary.
7 There was no applause when the result
was announced, but many Senators
heaved a sigh of relief, and rushed from
tin- chamber to give the news to the
waiting world.
'■;':■ :-..'■ In advance of the voting speeches
?t were made by Senators Ross, Money
"-. and Fairbanks. Senator Stewart, who
7}. _ just arrived from his successful
campaign in Nevada for re-election, an
.: nounced informally during this period
of the session that in his entire trip
across the continent he had not encoun
-7 terfed one man who was opposed to the
' -s-tiflcaticra of the treaty.
.'■ Senator Ross read a brief written
' Speech announcing his Intention to sup
*. port the treaty as in the interest of
peace. He entered somewhat into the
legal questions involved, saying that he
saw no obstacle in the way of ratifica
tion from that source.
: Senator Money reiterated his opposi
tion to the treaty and made a last plea
for a modification of the agreement.
He asserted that if the friends of the
treay had agreed to a modifying reso
lution the vote could have been secured
much* sooner and as it would have car
lied assurance of pacific intentions on
the part of this Government it would
have prevented the hostile conflict at
Manila. ••■-.•- • , , . „_
Senator Teller here interrupted the
Mississippi Senator and there was quite
a lively exchange of words. Teller an
nounced his belief that the opposition
to the treaty was responsible for the
Manila battle and Money declared this
view to be absurd. 7.V> 7 7
' Fairbanks spoke at some length, his
speech being the first he had made
since the debate began. He made an
appeal for unanimity of action, in or
k der that the country might present a
\ harmonious front to the outside world
iv dealing with So important a question.
He said that no partisan political ad
vantage could possibly be claimed by
any one in the ratification, and held out
Special Dlsratch to The Call.
the view that solid support of the ad
ministration would be of vast advant
age to the administration in the pres
ent crisis. In this connection he re
ferred to the opening of hostilities at
Manila and expressed the view that the
ratification of the treaty would do
much to prevent further bloodshed and
restore quiet.
"Let us," said he, "ratify the treaty
and then settle our differences concern
ing- the question of expansion after
ward. Those questions can wait, but
the emergency is too great for any
postponement whatever on the ratifi
cation question."
Promptly at 3 o'clock the Vice Presi
dent interrupted Senator Money, who
was then speaking, to announce that
the hour had arrived for a vote.
But one amendment was offered—
that proposed by Senator Vest, plac
ing the Philippines on the same foot
ing as Cuba in this treaty. In the tem
porary absence of Vest it was pre
sented by Gorman. This amendment
was as follows:
Article lir-Strike out the Wds,
Cedes to the Lnited States," and insert
in lieu thereof the words, "Relinquishes
all claim of sovereignty over and title
, n t dd *^rV he ?" d of artlcl e 111 the follow
ing. The Lnited States desiring that
m P e °P' e of the archipelago shall be en
abled to establish a form of free gov
ernment suitable to their condition and
securing the rights of life, liberty and
property and the preservation of "order
and equal right therein assumes for the
time being and to the end aforesaid the
contro ot the archipelago, so far as such
control shall be needful for the purposes
above stated, and will provide that the
privileges accorded to Spain by Articles
I\ and \ ,>f this treaty shall be'tnjoypd."
In line 2. article VIII, after the word
Cuba, insert the words, "and the Phil
lippine archipelago." In line 3of the
same article, aft?r the word •'lndies" In
sert "and." In lines 3 and 4of the same
Phr '/ trlke^ t the words " and in the
Philippine archipelago "
In article IX strike out lines 171. 172 and
«« a ..?- ] m e" 2 - of artlc ' c Xln - after the
yiord Cuba, insert the words "the Phil
ippines'." In line 3of the same article
strike out the words "the Philippines."
The vote defeating the amendment
stood 30 — 53.
The voting on this amendment pro
ceeded quietly and as all the Senators
were present it was soon disposed of
The votes of Senators were closely
scanned for pointers on the approach
ing vote on the treaty itself. The only
vote considered as at all significant of
a change favorable to the treaty was
that of McEnery, who voted against
the amendment. Senator Jones of
Nevada, McLaurin and Kenney voted
for it.
The vote was immediately announced
and pages were sent scurrying through
th*> corridors to announce to the few
Senators who were not in their seats
that the culminating event had arrived
The call proceeded quietly until the
name of Senator McLaurin was an
nounced. He created the first stir of
the occasion by a speech in explana
tion of his vote for the treaty This
was the initial break in the rank.s „r
the opposition. McLaurin made a brief
statement in explanation of his change
of position, giving the open hostilities
in Manila as the reason for it.
"1 am as I have been from the first,"
said he, "irrevocably opposed to the
expansion of our territory and should
have voted against ratification but for
the news that has come to us, over the
cable in the past two days."
He then went on to say that the at
tack upon our troops had brought
about a new condition of affairs and
that he should vote for the treaty.
This announcement created a hub
bub of excitement, for while some Sen
ators were informed that he had de
cided upon a change there were many
who were not in possession of
this information. This announcement
brought some of the opposition to his
side with remonstrances, but he re
plied to them that he could not any
longer see his way clear to cast hfs
vote against the treaty.
Continuing his remarks to the Senate
he referred to Senator Fairbanks' ap
peal to support the administration us
an assurance that the critical condition
existing at Manila could be more casiVy
handled if the treaty should be rati
fied. He, for one, was not willing to
embarrass the Government at so criti
cal a time. If, after the ratification,
the administration should fail to pursue
the proper course toward the islands
the fault would be that of the Govern
ment and not his, and he would not be
justified in committing an unwise act
by any apprehension that the adminis
tration would not do all that it should
do. He also referred to the agreement
to pass the McEnery resolution as a
pledge against expansion. In view of
this promise and in the hope that rati
fication would lessen bloodshed in the
Philippines he would, therefore, he said,
cast his vote in the affirmative.
He had hardly concluded when Mc-
Enery approached with words of con
gratulation, saying that he had de
cided upon the same course. The Louis
iana Senator made a speech of expla
nation to the Senate, publicly announc
ing himself only by, means of his vote.
Jones of Nevada *did, not vote on the
first rollcall, but came from the cloak
United States Authorities Have Information
That the German Consul at Hongkong Is
Concerned in the Sale of War
Material to Filipinos.
NEW YORK,* Feb. 6.— The Herald's
Washington correspondent sends the
following: Rear Admiral Dewey has
notified the Navy Department that he
has seized another schooner, loaded
with arms and ammunition . intendel
for Aguinaldo and his followers. •
The information in the possession of
the authorities is to the effect that the
German Consul at Hongkong was con
cerned in the sale of arms to the Fili
pinos, and this fact may account for
their action in keeping the matter se
cret. There is reason to believe, how
ever' that the matter has been brought
unofficially at least, to the attention of
the German authorities. The authori
ties feel satisfied that the German Con
sul will not be permitted to continue
his unfriendly course. • , •,
This is not the first evidence the au
! room before the vote was announced,
and by unanimous consent made a brief
and feeling speech. He said that" he
was against expansion, and if ,he
thought the ratification ■ of the treaty
meant expansion, he would not vote ; or
it, as he considered a policy of expan
sion would prove the ruin of the coun
try. The events in Manila during the
past two or three days,- in his judgment
were likely- to* ao more 'to discourage
expansion than anything that had hap
pened, but had at the same time pro
duced a crisis which made, the ratifica
tion of. the treaty necessary. *He con
sidered it a patriotic' duty to vote for
the treaty and consequently cast his
vote in the affirmative.
With Jones' vote added' the rollcall
stood as follows: : . . . ,t.;7 ; .
Ayes— Aldrich, Allen, Allison. .Baker,
Burrows. Butler, & Carter,. Chandler,
Clark. Clay, Cullom, Davis, Deboe, El
kins, Fairbanks, Faulkner, Foraker, Frye,
Gallinger, Gear, Gray, Hanna, Han_
brough, Harris, Hawley, Jones* (Nevada),
Kennv, Kyle, Lindsay, Lodge. Mcßride,
McEnery. McLaurin. McMillin,;* Mantle.
Mason, Morgan, Nelson, Penrose, Perkins,
Pettus, Plat' (Connecticut),* ; Piatt (New
York), Pritchard, Quay. Ross, Sewell,
Shoup, Simon, Spooner, Stewart. Sullivan,
Teller, Thurston, . Warren. Wellington,
Wolcott— s7. " ':, '-. "- .-■'-• - - .
Bacon, ■ Bate, Berry. .Caffery,
Chilton, Cockrell, Daniel, Gorman, Hale,
Heltfeld, Hoar. Jones (Arkansas), Mai
lory, Martin, Mills, Mitchell. ••'Money. Mur
phy, Paseoe. j Pettigrew, Rawlins, - Roach,
Smith. Tillman, Turley, Turner,. Vest— 27.
Absent and paired: Cannon and Wil
son for, with White against, and Proctor
and Wetmore for; with 'Turpie against. , ,
. On the 'motion of .Senator *■ Davis, it
was then ordered that aye and no
vote be made public, 'and* soon after
ward the doors opened and the j Senate
proceeded with legislative business, 1 at
tempting to pass the McEnery declara
tory resolution as per promise to ? that
Senator.- --.=7-7 ■ ",v ■ yyy'y, '-.;.:■ ..yy
News of the ratification of the treaty
! thorities have obtained showing the
i unfriendliness of the German Consul
! for the United- States. The State De
; partment recently received in informa
| tion, as told in the Herald at the time,
: that this officer had been instrumental
j in the purchase by agents of Aguinal
| do from a German firm in Hongkong
;of something like 30,000 stands of
i arms and ammunition which were
j safely delivered in the Philippines. It
| seems, therefore, that through German
agencies the Filipinos are quite well
It is declared in defense of the Ger
man Consul that he did not act as an
official, but asa private individual, and
that he was justified in endeavoring to
throw trade into the hands of his own
-:■■•*.■ •■,■■-■.•'■■'■'• v. -y ■ *.. ..'■,- V .-,.,.< ...•
| reached the White House almost im
mediately after the announcement of
'■ the' vote. Postmaster General Smith
was with the President, and was the
first to congratulate him. -
Naturally the President was gratified
at the vote, and so expressed himself.
Secretary Gage came in soon after
ward,-and was followed almost imme
diately by Secretary Alger and Secre
tary Hay. Within forty minutes after
its ratification General Cox, the secre
tary of the Senate, appeared with the
treaty itself, which he promptly deliv
ered into the President's hands and
then retired!"
The Cabinet members as they left the
White House were jubilant over the
ratification of the. treaty, and spoke of
it as a great- triumph. Secretary Hay
expressed his gratification that the
! treaty, was 'ratified, and said he 'only
regretted that it had been found neces
sary to occupy so much valuable time
in doing it. He said that the* treaty
would now be submitted, to the Spanish
Cortes at the session which opens . this
month, and he anticipated no obstruc
tion, in that direction :to the final ex
changes. • .--•" • '.*',.-
Secretary' Long said: "I am glad the
treaty is ratified— glad from the stand
point of the anti-imperialist as well as
from any other. The very height of im
! perialism is to have these, islands now
under the control of one man exercising
an absolute military' authority. The
ratification- of the treaty - transfers ; the
disposition If of these 7 islands ■:-'. to the
American.people, who, through their
representatives,* can give them. self-gov
ernment or make any other disposition
of them that our own principles of gov
ernment' and ideas of j national I welfare
require." .7, * ■■■: ',-,-...... ■ -
Secretary Alger thought that the con
firmation of the victory; at Manila,, to
gether with the ratification of the peace*
j treaty, , was ■ sufficient" to make the day
i memorable, aHe 'spoke of the perils *■ of
I lw.iv:..-:J :.■-■■:■■ ■■■:.■:: •■,. it.:-. . .I. - .-■■:■■ -. ',-'■• ■■:•:■.'-: ..<*■-■>».:■■ .«".:• ..rr..-
I It is explained by the authorities that
I there is no law or regulation which for
| bids any person or Government, wheth
j er political designation be real or as
: sumed, from purchasing arms from
citizens of the United States and ship
ping them at the risk of the purchaser.
It is expected that Great Britain will
j take steps to prevent the shipment of
arms and ammunition to Filipinos
' from Hongkong, and it may be that
their prevention will cause traders in
Hongkong to move their wares to Chi
nese territory, and then ship them to
! the archipelago. It will also be practi
cable for the Filipinos to send supplies
from Cochin China.
Dewey's force will.be relied upon to
capture any vessels carrying arms
and ammunition to Aguinaldo.
the position the American troops have
occupied for so many months, while the
fate of the peace treaty was at issue
and said he was -only too pleased now
that these troops were free to protect
Say the Attack on Manila . Was
Evidence of Liberty- 7
; Loving Daring. ;
Special Cable to' The Call and the Now York
Herald. Copyrighted, ISO 9, by James Gordon
Bennett. •:-.-. ....... --.;;...■
HAVANA, Feb. News of the bat
tle at Manila created an immense sen
sation here, being the one subject of
conversation to-day. The Cubans are
not unfriendly to the United States, yet
they are for the moment in full sym
pathy with the Filipinos, their only real
interest in 7 the present trouble in the
Pacific being as to its influence upon
Cuba. General Menocal to-day said:
"The United States has my highest
regard and I wish it success against all
foreign foes, but we can't help rejoicing
at this demonstration that liberty lov
ing people will fight even against such
great odds as now j confront the . Fili
pinos. Still, I cannot admit they haw
any such position in the eyes of, the
world as have the Cubans. When. the
American war < with Spain broke out
they were not fighting,* while our inde
pendence was practically recognized by
the American Congress. For these rea
sons the result of present trouble shall
not and cannot have any effect upon
the Cuban problem." , „,**•.';. t
To Cure a Cold in One Day
Take "■ laxative * Bromo Quinine Tablet*. y All
druggists refund . the money . If It falls to cor*.
25c. The genuine has L. B. Q. on each tablet.
Brave Californians Listed
Among the Killed or
* .* - *
Each Had Distinguished Himself
From the Time the Regiment
Reached Manila.
PRIVATE JAMES JOSEPH DEWAR of Company X, First California,
the first reported of California's dead in the late battle at Manila,
was a native son of this State, having been born at San Jose. Since
his infancy he had resided in San Francisco. His disposition was gentle
and pleasant and he made many friends. In July, when Dewar determined
to go to the front, he enlisted with a friend, "Billy" Wrin, and the con
dition of their enlistment was that one should not go without the other,
and that they should always be together.
In 1892 Dewar became a member of Battery E, Second Artillery, Na
tional Guard, which afterward became Company X First California In
fantry. His brother Robert was a member of the same company. When
hostilities commenced both brothers were anxious to fight for their country's
cause, but their widowed mother could spare but one and James went. She
gave him up with the spirit of a true, patriotic woman, and now that he
has fallen she consoles herself with the feeling that he died a hero.
Dewar left for Manila on the transport Pennsylvania last July, being
among 300 recruits for the First California. Before his departure he jok
ingly remarked that owing to his extreme height, which was something
over six feet, he would make a good target for bullets. While in Manila
he started a laundry with two other soldiers and is said to have done a
thriving business. In all of his letters to his relatives and friends of this
city he never complained of camp life, being of a disposition to make the
best of conditions as he found them. His mother and sister, Mrs. C. W.
Seeley, reside at 275 Lexington avenue, in this city. Mrs. Seeley is the
wife of Lieutenant C. W. Seeley, who also is at Manila.
While in this city Dewar was employed by Waterhouse & Lester on
Beale street. He was 26 years of age.
ACCORDING to Lieutenant Colonel J. W. Jones of the First Idaho In
fantry Volunteers, who lately returned from Manila, Major Edward
McConnville, the brave soldier who met death in the defense of Manila
on Sunday, was one of the most gallant officers in the service. The colonel
greatly deplores his taking off, as he esteemed him highly. In speaking of
the dead officer's past life Colonel Jones said Major McConnville was a vet
eran of the Civil War and had opposed him in a number of battles around
Richmond. McConnville was a member of McClelland's army and the
colonel was fighting with Lee.
"At the close of the war," said Colonel Jones, "Major McConnville con
tinued in the army and was sent out among the Indians. While in their
country he became conversant with their habits and temperament and in time
became one of the most successful superintendents of schools In the ser
vice. He was connected with the National Guard for a great many years
and also was a leading member of the Knights of Pythias. At the out
break of the war he, among others of his regiment, tendered his services,
as did also his only son, who is a color sergeant in the major's battalion.
"Major McConnville enjoyed perfect health throughout the campaign
and fulfilled his duties with ability. He leaves a widow and two charming
daughters, who are attending school at Lewiston, Idaho. They have my
deepest sympathy in their hour of sorrow. I feel his loss keenly as he wag
particularly close to me during the whole campaign.
"I am proud of the work performed by my regiment and hope it will
continue to win glory."
Colonel Jones will leave for his home to-night.
SERGEANT JOSEPH W. MAHR, who was killed in the battle, was
better known as "Joe" Mahr about town. He gained a reputation in
this city as an amateur boxer and was a member of the Manhattan
Athletic Club. At the first professional exhibition of the club he boxed with
Joe Kennedy. At Manila he organized and was elected president of the
first American athletic club there.
Mahr was the commissary sergeant of Company M, First California.
One . of his brothers, William Mahr, is a second sergeant, and another,
Thomas Mahr, is a corporal of the same company. He was over six feet
in height and was physically perfect. In the early engagements in the
Philippines he is said to have displayed remarkable bravery. Dr. A. P.
O'Brien, who was with the First California, but who has since returned,
speaks in glowing terms of his gallantry.
Mahr resided with his father, stepmother, five brothers and a step
brother at 537 Minna street in this city. Before the trouble with Spain arose
he was employed as a boxmaker by Hobbs, Wall & Co., and was held in
high esteem by his employers as well as by. his large circle of friends. He
was 25 years of age. ■ '_____';
T IEUTENANT JAMES MITCHELL of the Fourteenth United States
LIEUTENANT JAMES Manila yesterday as a result of wounds received
Infantry, who died at Manila yesterday as a result of wounds received
I— / in battle, was a native of Ireland. He was about 45 years age.
He enlisted in the army in 1867 and was promoted through the various grades
of corporal and sergeant. He was at one time the first sergeant of Troop
L and quartermaster sergeant of the Seventh Cavalry. In 1872 Lieutenant
Mitchell re-enlisted in the Signal Corps. In this .branch of the service he
arose to the offlce of 'sergeant. In 1891 he was commissioned a second lieu
tenant in the Fifteenth Infantry, although his commission dated from Au
gust 17, 1885. On June 18, 1892, he was promoted to first lieutenant in the
Ninth Infantry, and in August of the same : year was transferred to the
Fourteenth Infantry. . .'*•'..
Lieutenant Mitchell came to the Presidio with his regiment from Van
couver Barracks, . and sailed for Manila at the same time the First Cali
fornia did. He had an ■ excellent record as an officer.
lery, who is among the wounded, is well known here, both in army
and social circles. In 1893 he was appointed a cadet to West Point
from Texas and graduated in 1897 and was sent to this station, being as
signed to the Third Artillery. Lieutenant Abernethy left here in July in
command of the recruits for the Third Artillery. He is a magnificent speci
men of physical manhood, standing six feet three inches in his stocking feet
and weighing over 200 pounds. He was a great athlete and was reputed to
have been one of the strongest men that ever graduated from the
academy. ' t . ,
SERGEANT WILLIAM L. WALL of Company M, who was slightly
wounded, employed as a clerk in the general freight department
,-of the Southern .Pacific Company before departing for the Philippines.
His family, formerly 7 resided .at 1242 Howard street. The young man was
7 among the first to offer his services. • 7.*,--', •"
General Otis Kept Posted.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 6— When the
news of the •. ratification of ;■ the peace
treaty reached the President, at his di
-. . . . ... • .
j rection it was cabled to General Otis
at Manila, who promtply replied, ac-
I knowledging receipt of the message
i containing the Information.

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