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VOLUME LXXXV-_>(). 70.
THE KANSAS TROOPS ARE SHOT DOWN FROM AMBUSH Tl T*X • Ll T> J 11 _ O C Tl They Drive the Tagallos Before Them Into the Very Center of Caloocan. ■ - Otis Has the Situation Well in Hand and the American Lines Are Extended in Every Direction. MANILA, Feb. 8, 10 a. m.— Lieutenant A. T. Ford, Company I, Twentieth Kansas Infantry, and a private of that company were killed • and six other members of the regiment were i wounded near Caloocan last evening while !p .'••• reconnoitering. The party was in a Jungle Yy. when it was attacked by the enemy. Two companies of the Kansas regiment f : were sent to the relief of their comrades and drove the Filipinos into Caloocan, penetrat ing to the very heart of the town. Mean while the gunboats shelled the suburbs. General Otis finally recalled the troops, but the natives, misunderstanding the re treat, failed to take advantage of it. The outskirts of the town were burned. ;:•';'••; IV A ANILA, Feb. 7.— The '-/-. \|\/| military Feb. 7.— The military situation here y ; 7/ continues to be exceeding ;. 7.1y tense. The American troops • are driving the natives inland and •■"■ attacking" Santolan, ten miles '; ■'■ 7 east of Manila, and Caloocan, 7 ■;■ four miles north. ■ , • '.-. ••' A Filipino colonel came out •' -..this morning from Caloocan un ■■•• '* ••. der a flag of truce. Several •/•/• American officers promptly went /) ''7- to: meet. him, but when the par .'-*-••' ties, met the Filipinos opened .„ s - .;'. fire!; The Filipino apologized for '-.'■-• the barbarous conduct of his 7/ .'.troops and returned to his lines. :••:.' ; .Otis is showing the qualities of ■7-7 a great general. He possesses °* ••■:'• military talent and energy in a ; * . •'". high degree. .'.7 His men and officers fought v "Splendidly. The resistance of the ■ % \ ' . natives is determined. They ".•-.•'..shoot badly, but have plenty of pluck. Two more American vic ••••/'•. Tories would ruin Aguinaldo's • - prestige and make a settlement '• .7 of the difficulty easy. The na tive losses in killed are over 3000. On the south side of Manila General Anderson occupies Pa ranaque. The insurgents are massed in force on the opposite A view of the town of, Paco and the vicinity one and a half miles southeast of Manila, showing the scene of the battle of Sunday last in which the First California Regiment bore themselves so gallantly. '/,'.: ,*-",.,"., In the near foreground is the bridge across the Estuo de Gallina, over which the troops charged, and just to the right and beyond the bridge is the Iglesia de : Paco, the church which the Filipinos converted into a fortress, and from which Lieutenant Colonel Duboce, with Companies L and G, dislodged them. The main road from Manila, joining that from Malate to the left, after crossing the bridge goes on through Paco to Santa Ana and Macali to the east. V • ' ■'■>;-' '.-'*.: ■ ■ ■ ■ j bank of the river. The Americans, as this dis- I patch is sent, are in complete control of the situation within a radius of twenty miles of Manila, their lines extending to Malabon on the north 'and to Paranaque on the south and fully twenty miles long. While . a few de tached bodies of the enemy offer desultory opposition, the main body of the rebels is in full retreat and utterly routed. Of the hordes of troops origi nally drawn up in battle array against the Americans fully one third are already incapacitated and the rest are scattered in every direction. The rebels, who have been swept in every direction, like pheasants in a batteau, die by the hundreds in the trenches for the most part passively, ex cept the Ygorotes, who charge desperately and uselessly. The rebel prisoners declare that their attack was unpremedi tated, that the outposts fired and then everybody followed in ac cordance with a sort of general understanding. The terrible loss of the rebels : may be gathered from the fact WHERE THE CALIFORNIANS FOUGHT. The San Francisco Call. SAN FRANCISCO, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1899. that sixteen of them were buried in one ricefield on Monday near Pasay, and that eighty-seven were interred between Paco and Santa Ana. The converted river gunboat did terrible execution among the rebels, sweeping both banks of the river with her Gatling guns and her heavier battery. Hun dreds of Filipinos undoubtedly crawled into the canebrakes and died there. The Americans are working nobly in their efforts to find the wounded and are bringing hun dreds of suffering rebels to the hospitals for treatment. The na tives are unable to understand the humane motives which prompt the victors to succor the wounded of the enemy. Your correspondent is in formed that members of the hos pital corps have made the start ling discovery that there are ' sev eral women in male dress and with their hair cropped among the dead. The chief of the Ygorotes, the Filipino natives who fought so gallantly in the face lof our artil lery with their bows and arrows, is in a hospital with a shattered thigh. He admits that he never saw modern artillery and was ig norant of its effects until he and his followers met the disastrous fire of Sunday morning. The chief is bitterly incensed against the Tagallos for placing the Ygo rotes in front of the American battery, under the pretense that they were sent to occupy the post of honor, and he intimates that the Ygorotes will avenge this treachery when the survivors re turn north. It is regarded as a significant fact that many of the Filipino of ficials of this city disappeared from Manila as soon as hostilities commenced. Some of them are supposed to be still hiding here. DID DEWEY PROVOKE THE FILIPINOS ? ® /y® O WASHINGTON, Feb. 7.— lt ® ® may be that it was Admiral ® ® Dewey's act in seizing"' a vessel ® ® loaded with arms and aruruu- ® ® i nition intended for them that ® ® incited Philippine ' insurgents ® ® to attack the American sol- ® ® diers Saturday night, for it is ® ® . understood one of" their bit- ® ® terest grievances was what ® ® they declared to be unwar- „ „ rantable. interference ' with ~ ~ their shipping. It is learned @ 0 at the Navy Department that @ 0 about a week ago "'•he admiral g @ caused the seizure of the (?) ® schooner; Taneng, with a full ® ® supply of arms for the insur- ® ® gents. The admiral's report ® ® disclosed the fact that an ® ® American and not a German ® ® owned : the vessel thus being ® ® used to arm the insurgents ® ® against Otis' troops. • -vy ® ®7yy yy7® ®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®® The further the Americans ex tend their lines, the more the needs of transportation increase. The. American commanders have already been compelled to im press horses and vehicles on all Continued on Second Page. Colonel J. F. . Smith, who is in command of the First California Regiment, is one of the most popular officers now in the Phil ippines. At the outbreak of the war he offered his services and was placed at the head of his own regiment: It is due to his rigid discipline and soldierly qualities that this popular or ganization was brought to such a state of perfection, and under his personal leadership £it has distinguished itself time and again. Before the trouble with Spain he was engaged in a lucra tive law practice with Frank J. Murasky, who , was recently elected to the Superior bench,' as his partner. Colonel Smith is a leading Democrat of this city, and his good services to his party and his noble sacrifices in behalf of his country have been recognized by the Democratic members of the Legislature, who have honored him with a minor ity vote for United States Sena tor. AGUINALDO DECLARES WAR ON AMERICA Proclamation Which Led to the Assault 7 on the Defenses of/ Manila. \ . . . - - ■ yy yy : y--^,.:,.-yy ...yyyyryyy.^:. -.,,„..,,,■.>,...,; ,-..,..,,.•:■-:.-->■,.■;,_ •;/ V .- -v: -,; -r ; -:. . : v /:r.,-, -. y ..-V ;Vy '. yy,. ■■. ..-. , The Leader of the Filipinos Has Gone Too Far on the Road to Destruction to Draw Back. MANILA, Feb. 7.-Aguinaldo, the rebel lead er, issued two proclamations on Saturday and Sunday. The proclamation of Saturday says: "I order and command: ." First—That' peace and friendly relations with the Americans be broken and that the lat ter be treated as enemies within the limits pre scribed by the laws of war. "Second-That the Americans captured be held as prisoners of war. "Third— That this proclamation be communi cated to the consuls, and that Congress order and accord a suspension of the constitutional guarantee resulting from the declaration of war/ :; Aguinaldo '«*-. proclamation of , Monday sa^.the outbreak of hostilities was un justly : and unexpectedly provoked by the Americans; refers to his manifesto of January „8, publishing the alleged grievances of the Filipinos at the hands of the army of occupation and the con stant .outrages and the taunts which have been causing misery to the Man llans, and refers to the lack of confi dence and contempt shown for the GENERAL OTIS TO FOLLOW UP HIS GREAT VICTORY NEW YORK, Feb. The Herald's Washington correspondent sends the following: With the prosecution of a vigorous campaign against. Aguinaldo and his followers, and the promise of protection to those residents of the Philippines recognizing the sovereignty of the United States, the administration officials are confident that it will not be long before pea and order are restored in the archipelago. General Otis is expected, under the instructions sent to him, to follow up his victory over the insurgents and prevent their reorganization, and in this work, he will be assisted by Rear Admiral Dewey and the fleet under his command. At the request of General Otis the full text of the Paris treaty was cabled to him this afternoon, an J he was told to proceed with his operations. The situation in the Philippines was the subject of earnest discussion at the Cabinet meeting to-day. Congratula tions were exchanged over the ratifica tion of the treaty, and the President's determination to conduct a vigorous policy, toward the Insurgents met with the approval of all of the officials. The decision of most importance reached was that neither General Otis nor Admiral Dewey is in need of re inforcements, and none will be sent to them unless they specifically request it. A cablegram of inquiry has been sent to Rear Admiral Dewey as to the con dition of the three former Spanish gunboats being reconstructed at Hong kong, and the suggestion has been ad vanced to him that they be pushed to completion. By direction of. Captain Charles O'Nell, chief of the Bureau of Naval Ordnance, ammunition is being, pre pared at Mare Island for shipment to Manila on board the Celtic, and the army Bureau. of Ordnance will send by the Sheridan a quantity of ammunition for field guns and small arms. I under stand that' as a result of the Cabinet meeting it is expected that General Otis will 1 not confine his operations to the vicinity of Manila,^ but will pursue the insurgents and- occupy such towns as he * may deem important. . : It ; ,was ex plained that the President does not con template an occupation ,of * all iof the islands, but only .*: of important points, and Rear Admiral Dewey, it is expect ed, will aid the army in taking posses sion.': .. .'";. '..-: ■'-'• : :'.'.7 '",''".; ' -'": 7 *-:7 ' Of course, there .will be no weakening of the forces at '■, Manila; until Aguinal do's army is j thoroughly , defeated. It is not intended to follow the Filipinos into the hills,* for the present, at least, but the country will r ; be cleared of the or ganized army, and Aguinaldo ■: and his followers •: will -be compelled to ; take "' to the hills to escape the American troops. Filipino : government as proving a. "pre meditated transgression of liberty and justice."- * '■' '"f "*;. ' :V ?;;'>> '.'■' The rebel leader also refers to the enormous losses of the Filipinos, but says "slavery is bitter," and calls upon them to "sacrifice all upon the altar of honor and national integrity." He in sists that he tried to avoid an armed conflict, but claims all his efforts were useless before the unmeasured pride of the Americans, whom he charged With having, treated him as a rebel | because It is believed the Boston has reached Iloilo, and the authorities expect to hear in a few days of the result of Gen eral Miller's operations against that port, .''.■yy yy? Particular attention is being paid by the authorities at this time to the mat ter of preventing the shipment of arms to the Filipinos. Vi.;;;. Under instructions sent to the Ameri can Consuls in Asia, they will sharply scrutinize each vessel leaving port, and if her cargo is of a suspicious charac ter a cablegram is at once to be sent to Rear Admiral Dewey, who will take action which will result in its examina tion and seizure if it is of a contra band character. -7 -.y y It was stated to-night that until rati fications are exchanged no complaint could be made by this Government against the shipment of arms, . but the authorities stand ready to appeal to the good will of those nations sovereign over Asiatic territory to stop such traffic. ' ;_'■•■■ . Considerable comment was caused In official circles by General Otis' state ment in his dispatch this morning, that the Insurgents are armed with Krupp guns and the latest pattern of Spanish Mauser rifles. Some attention was paid to his statement that the Spanish sol diers are in the insurgents' service and serve the artillery. Though this Gov ernment has .technical - right to re OFFICIAL REPORT OF GENERAL OTIS 7 WASHINGTON, Feb. 7.— The War Department to-day received the following dispatch from. General Otis: 7 "MANILA, Feb. Adjutant-General, Washington: The insurgent army concentrated around Manila from . Luzon , provinces, numbering over 20,000,' possesses several quick-firing and Krupp field guns. Good portion of the enemy armed with Mausers of latest pattern. Two Krupp and great many rifles captured. Insurgents fired a great quantity of ammunition! ' "Quite a number of Spanish soldiers in the Insurgent service, who served artillery. Insurgents constructed^ strong, intrenchments nea)r our lines, mostly in bamboo thickets. These our men charged, killing or capturing many of the enemy. }7r v/VC •*" ' • ' "Our casualties probably aggregate 250. Full reports to-day. Cas ualties of insurgents very heavy. Have buried some 500 of their dead and hold 500 prisoners. Their losses killed, wounded and prisoners prob ably:4ooo. ■'y/ "Took water works pumping station yesterday, six miles out. Con siderable skirmishing with enemy, which made no stand. Pumps dam aged, but will be working in a week. Have ; number of condensers set up in: city, which furnish good water. Troops in "excellent spirits. Quiet prevails. OTIS." PRICE FIVE CENTS. he defended the interests of his coun try and would not become the instru ment of their dastardly intentions. Aguinaldo ". concludes by saying: "Be not discouraged. Our independence was watered freely by the blood* of martyrs and more will be shed in the future to strengthen it. Remember that efforts are . >t to be wasted that ends may be gained. It is indispensa ble to adjust our action to the law of right and to learn to triumph over our enemies." 7 *} ; 7 - quire Spain to take steps to prevent her troops engaging in hostilities, no representations will be made. ".-'•* y FIFTEEN NEW VESSELS TO FLY OUR FLAG WASHINGTON, Feb. The Naval Committee of the House, after an ex tended session to-day, reached a con clusion as to important Items. In all twelve new warships are agreed to and three more are under consideration. The committee has followed the rec omendations of the Secretary of the Navy and has passed --- the first, sec ond and fourth class of new ships rec ommended by him. These are: Three sea-going battleships of about 13,500 tons displacement each, carrying the heaviest armor and most powerful armament of their class, to cost, ex clusive of armament and armor, $3,600, --000 each; three armored cruisers of about 12,000 tons each, carrying the heaviest armor and most powerful armament- of vessels of their type, to cost, exclusive of armor, etc., $4,000,000 each; six cruisers of about 2500 tons each, of high speed, good cruising qualities and most powerful ordnance suited to vessels of this type, to cost, exclusive of armor, $1,141,800 each. The other item not yet passed upon is for' three protected cruisers of about 6000 tons, to cost $2,500,000 each. ;' v Volunteers Must Serve. WASHINGTON, Feb. The ratifi cation by the Senate of the peace treaty has started talk about the probable early muster out of the volunteers. It is understood, however, that this ques tion has not yet been seriously consid ered by the President and will not be until the fate of the army reorganiza tion bill, pending in Congress, is known.; V" 7 7