Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME LXXXV- NO. 102.
LAWTON WILL MAKE AGUINALDO PRISONER MANILA, March n, 3:15 p. m. — Extensive preparations are being made for a general ad vance of the American forces. The movement will probably take place early next week. All is quiet, however, along the line. At daylight the rebels were caught working on enfilading a trench at Caloocan and were shelled by a battery. Desultory firing also took place at San Pedro Macate. The United States cruiser Charleston has relieved the arm ed transport Buffalo, off Pa- ranaque. The last batch of Spanish sol diers, numbering 885 men, ex cepting a few who are in the hos pitals, were embarked on board the transport Buenos Ayres to day. A battalion of the Fourth Regular Infantry has been sta tioned on the firing line, assigned to General Macarthur's division. The others have been held in re- serve and are encamped on the Luneta parade ground. A bat talion of the Seventeenth Regu lars has been assignee^ to provost guard duty, relieving the Oregon Volunteers. During a rainstorm which occurred before daylight this morning the rebels on the ex treme left fired several volleys at the Americans, but without ef fect. WASHINGTON, March 11.— When the War Department closed at 4 o'clock this afternoon, it was said that there was no infor mation at hand from Manila throwing light on the condition of affairs there, but it is admitted that exciting news ls expected at nearly any minute. By this time it is supposed that General Lawton has been able to get a firm grasp on the trend of events there, and to make his plans for an aggressive movement. It develops that General Otis, in his noisaance in force last week,- dis covered it would be dangerous to ex teijd his lines too far, and for that reason decided to wait for General Lawton's arrival. The latter had been notified while in the Mediterranean of the attack of the Filipinos on the American troops and had received a dispatch when at Ceylon that his pres ence was eagerly desired. Accordingly, the transport was put at full speed and the 3000 miles that intervened were run over in twelve days. During this time General Otis did all the preliminary work looking to a forward movement. It is said at the War Department that General Lawton will probably be allowed by General Otis to make his own plans, on the ground that he will be held responsible for their success. General Otis is thought to be too exper ienced to attempt to control the move ment of the troops in the field from Manila, where it is expected he will remain to keep general supervision over all the many islands in the Philippine group. To attempt this would be to repeat the mistakes of the Board of Strategy, which excited so much ridi cule during the war. General Lawton's record as an Indian fighter, dating from his long pursuit and capture of Geronlmo, has been comprehensive and extensive, and h_ Is thought to be the best man for the Job. His training in Indian fighting, in fact, has peculiarly fitted him for his present command, and General Otis is well acquainted with his capabilities. One of Lawton's numerous Indian sobriquets, being literally translated, is "The man who gets up and fights in the middle of the night." It was his sunrise dash into Siboney that sent the Spanish detachment there flying to La Guasimas, leaving its breakfast on the fire for the American troops to eat. The department fully expects Law ton to spring a few like surprises on the Filipinos and is awaiting news of the field campaign with proportionate Interest. He will, it is said, use every means of warfare licensed by civilized nations, including the devastation of the country, if this is thought neces sary, to secure a speedy termination of the rebellion. Aguinaldo will be starved out if he canrlot be captured by any other means. Meanwhile the Government is not re laxing its endeavors to strengthen the forces in the Philippines. The Ninth Infantry is ordered to sail from San Francisco on March 21, on the Zealan dia and City of Puebla, and the Sixth Artillery is to be ready to follow on April 16. These two regiments had al ready received their orders for service In the East, and the new orders merely show that the Government has made the necessary arrangements for trans ports. What shall be done with the re turning transports is a question that has been left open until the situation has further developed itself. If the re bellion seems to be nearing an end they will return to the United States loaded with volunteers for muster out. If nothing definite comes up, or if the trouble seems likely to be prolonged, they will probably be held at Manila to bring back the volunteers when they are no longer needed. No one at the department is worrying over Spain's delay in ratifying the peace treaty, because until she does the United States can retain all the volun teers without any to do about It. When tbe treaty is ratified, unless matters The San Francisco Call ADMIRAL DEWEY IS IN NEED OF REST MANILA. March 11. — The reports of the ill health of Admiral Dewey have been greatly exaggerated. One year, however, in this eastern cli mate with severe cares, not' only of battle but of the subsequent diffi cult diplomatic situation, has tired the admiral out and necessitates well earned rest. ' His constitution is still unimpaired, but no man can stand the strain of affairs here indefinitely. WOMEN ARE NOT WANTED AT MANILA "♦" WASHINGTON. March 11.— ® The War Department to-day q Issued the following: + Adjutant General's Office, rt Washington, March 11, 1599. + Commanding General of the rt East, Governor's Island, New -♦- York: The following cablegram O has been received from General + Otis: X "Manila is not a safe place for rt officers' families. Great difficulty -♦- is experienced in caring for those O now here, and their safety is one + of the chief causes of anxiety. Ofli **** cers' families should remain in the 2*" United States." . " Under such conditions the Sec- retary of War regrets that no ■*■ families of officers or enlisted men © will be permitted to accompany q troops. The families of officers and If. all non-commissioned officers for q whom quarters are legally pro + vided will be permitted to retain q their quarters at the posts from 7. which troops depart, according ft to the provisions in memorandum *r circular dated adjutant general's Z. office, January IS, 1899. By com- X mand Major General Miles. q H. C. CORBIN, + Adjutant General. 0 A copy of this order has been A sent to all generals commanding -♦- departments of the army. B*Ks+©+OKH* O* O+O+O+O +<>+&> have quieted down considerably, it seems probable that as many of the volunteers in the Philippines as care to do so will be re-enlisted in the regulars for the six months allowed by Congress.' llf the experiment of raising Filipino troops proves successful in the next month -er so lt is probable that a large number of these troops may be enlisted. All accounts say that they are brave men, though untrained, and when well led will do excellent work. • - A draft of seventy-five seamen and naval gunners has been made up at the Norfolk navy yard, and will leave this evening for San Francisco, where they will report aboard the receiving ship Independence at Mare Island yard. Their ultimate destination is Manila. ADMIRAL VON DIEDRICH WAS RATED HARSHLY Special Cable to The Call and the Xew Tork Herald. Copyrighted, 1599, by James Gor don Bennett. COLOGNE, March 11.— The retire ment of Admiral yon Knorr brought out the fact that the Kaiser personally sent what has been described as an im pulsive telegram to Admiral yon Died rich, rating him harshly for making trouble and directing him curtly to get out. Admiral yon Knorr resented this as an infringement of his rights, and the Kaiser, who had been very much irritated, promptly sent Admiral yon Knorr to the right about. CAN ENLIST GENERAL OFFICERS OF VOLUNTEERS WASHINGTON, March 11.— The War Department has asked Judge Advocate General Lieber for an opinion as to the authority for the President to enlist general volunteer officers for service in the Philippines, and General Lieber makes the following reply: "I am of the opinion that under the proviso re ferred to general officers of volunteers may be enlisted for absolutely neces sary purposes in the Philippine Islands. The President is by the proviso author ized to 'enlist officers and men individu ally or by organizations, and this, in my opinion, gives him authority to en The town of Pendacan, a suburb of Manila, across the Pasig from General Otis' residence at the Palace of Malacanan, burned by the Filipinos on March 10. 7To accomplish this the rebels must have crossed the lines of Generals Hale and King, between the water works and the village of San Pedro Macate. . ■♦♦♦♦♦♦$ ♦■■♦' >t< ♦♦ 6 >A< t f f»4 ♦M M »-* * ' " y, * 7 -7T *X ■7* — • -"■"■-:.■.'.' SAN FRANCISCO, SUNDAY, MARCH 13, 1899-THIRTY-TWO PAGES. list general officers individually. I at tach no significance to the word en llet • *» Under this construction of the law the President can appoint, or enlist, as the law says, such general officers of volunteers as may be necessary. This will mean that the troops in the Philip pines will be supplied with general offi cers in sufficient numbers. OPPOSITION TO RELEASE OF SPANISH PRISONERS MADRID, March 11.— is reported here that Aguinaldo has rodoubled his opposition to the release of the Span ish prisoners now in the hands of the insurgents because General Polavieja, now Minister of War, caused Dr. Rizal. who drew up the statutes of the Philip pine League and was, therefore, prac tically the instigator of the revolt in the islands, to be shot in December, 1896. MARK HANNA OFFERS A LOAN TO CUBANS Special Cable to The Call and the New York Herald. Copyrighted, 1399, by James Gor don Bennett. HAVANA, March 11.— A loan of ; $12,000,000 offered the Cuban Assembly ' for the payment of the army, now being j discussed in secret session, has been i proposed by an influential group of i American capitalists. At the head of 1 this group are said to be Mark Hanna j and Mr. Runkle. The proposition first came through Senor Quesada, and was put before the leaders of the Assembly on his visit here with Mr. Porter. In return for the loan the Assembly Is asked to pledge the Cuban -revenue for repayment in twenty years, with inter est from year to year; and a commission of 5 per cent on the original loan to the negotiators of the present transaction. The consent and. approval of the United States to this alienation of the island's revenues is not required by the lenders. All that is asked is the pass ing by the Assembly of a formal reso lution guaranteeing repayment accord ing to the terms stated. The Assembly has wrangled for more than a week over the proposition. While a majority ls in favor of accepting, there is a strong minority who have behind them the influence of Gomez. This faction protests vigorously against the pro posal.. They say It is of a scandalous nature. There appears to be little doubt, however, that the Assembly will pass It by the vote required. ENGLISHMEN BERATE AMERICAN LOCOMOTIVES Action of the Great Midland in Order ing Engines Here Stirs Up Bitter Comment. Special Cable to The Call and the Xew York Herald. Copyrighted, 1899, by James Gor don Bennett. LONDON, March 11.— The action of the Great Midland Railway in ordering loco motives from America has stirred up quite an uneasy feeling among English engi neers. In an interview in the Westmin ster Gazette with the chairman of a firm of British locomotive manufacturers that gentleman says: "Yankee engines are Infinitely inferior in quality. Their service ability is quite temporary compared with that of English locomotives. Their valve motions are not nearly so nicely finished. Their fittings are hastily pieced together, and they burn much more fuel, but they are cheaper and can be delivered in much less time. Amer ica can turn out an engine in three to five months, while we take twelve at the in side." The Westminster Gazette then asks the question: "Can engines built In three months in America be safe iron horses for British lines?" It seems to me that builders of great lo comotives which pull fast limited train*? on the Pennsylvania and New York Cen tral roads can answer that question very satisfactorily. _^ Senator Jones' Condition. WASHINGTON. March 11.— Senator Jones Is reported as resting easy to-night. WAR SECRETS IN SPANISH RED BOOK President McKinley, Not Spain, Wanted to Go On Fighting. PHILADELPHIA, March 11.— The Philadelphia Inquirer prints this morn ing this story, purporting to come from its correspondent in Washington: ;7 7 "The famous red book of Spain, re plete with the secrets of the Spanish Government, has reached the United States through a secret channel. The publication of any matters contained in this book is prohibited by law in Spain. The book is not printed ,for public perusal. "It shows the inside workings of a plan to have M. Cambon, the Embassa dor of France at Washington, sound the American Government as to its terms of peace, and brings out the cu rious fact that when M. Cambon pre sented his instructions to President McKinley, after having taken the trouble to have them deciphered out of the private cipher of the Department of State for Spain, the Embassador found that the American President had been apprised of his instructions re ally in advance of the Embassador, and knew their contents even down to the minutest letter. "This, taken in conjunction -with other things brought out in the book, shows that very early in the war the Americans had some underground plan for obtaining Spanish official docu ments and could read the Spanish na val, military and State ciphers as readily as the Spanish themselves. "The letter of Embassador Cambon to the Spanish Minister of State ex presses intense surprise that the Amer ican President should have been made acquainted with all the little details of his instructions. "Embassador Cambon thought that President McKinley was* anxious to continue the war when Spain accepted the American terms. Under date of August 7, M. Cambon cabled to Mad rid: Senor Duke: I called at the White House to-day by special .'invitation of the President. 1 Informed the Secretary of State of the receipt of your cable of Au gust 7 In which you acquaint me with the fact that Spam accepts the onerous terms imposed by the United States. The Presi dent and his Secretary of State appeared to be much disappointed that Spain had accepted the terms, it seeming to be ap parent that they thought Spain would re ject them and America might have a greater excuse for forcing the war to the end. ..''., After a long silence Mr. McKinley said: "I asked of Spain the immediate ces sion and evacuation of Cuba and Porto Rico. Instead of sending to me a cate gorical reply, I am given a general note. The Spanish Government declares that it cannot give the answer I desire until the Cortes has been consulted. I cannot con sider such a proposition." 1 observed that the Spanish Queen had no greater authority than the American President, and called his attention to his previous statement that all the conclu sions of the Peace Commissioners would have to be accepted subject to the ap proval of the American Senate. All my observations were futile. The President was firm. Seeing he was at the point of ending the interview and breaking off the peace negotiation I begged him to tell me what security he could offer Spain as to his sincerity. He replied: "There is only one way to conclude this series of errors and delays, and that is to draft a protocol which should Include the conditions demanded by the United States and to which Spain must agree, if she be sincere in her protestations of a desire for peace. 1 would suggest that minor commissions be created to confer as to the evacuation of Cuba and Porto Rico. You communicate this proposition to Madrid and ask authority to sign the protocol. If you get the authority and actually do sign the protocol I will at once order a suspension of hostilities, but not other wise." He added that as the object of the com mission at Paris was simply to draft a treaty this could be proceeded with at once and its ratification left to the Amer ican Senate and the Cortes. The protocol will be shown to me to morrow. There is no doubt that the ter* ca will be strict and rigorous, and I am per suaded the President cannot be induced to modiy the American pretensions. I t«dl you frankly that if Spain does not accept the protocol promptly she need expect no lenity from the victors. They are deter mined upon the utter humiliation of Spain and the success of their arms encourages them to believe that they can obliterate the kingdom. , CAMBON. It will be a surprise to most Ameri cans to learn that Spain began to seek a peaceful settlement as early as July 8. On that date the Spanish Minister of Foreign Affairs sent the following dis patch to Embassador Leon y Castillo at Paris: See Secretary of State for. France and ask him to have the French Embassador at Washington go to the President of the United States and sound him gently on terms upon which a suspension of hos tilities might be agreed on. You should act with haste in this mat ter, but not with apparent haste or anx iety, as such action might prejudice our cause. You should be very discreet in this undertaking, as the Americans are tired of the war and would like to retire. They must not be given the impression that we are discouraged or that our re sources are fast ebbing. This is the reply that came back: Have seen Secretary of State for France and he personally agrees with the propo sition on the ground that the war is a distress to humanity, a burden to com merce and has a marked tendency to keep the popular mind in a state of excitement. He cannot, however, at this time give me a definite answer, as he must await the return to Paris of the French President, who ls absent and will not return until several days have passed. On July 25 the following dispatch was received from the Spanish Embas sador at Paris: The Secretary of State informs me that Embassador Cambon has presented his instructions and that the American Presi dent had full information concerning the document. He welcomed the French Em bassador and remarked that he was aware of the mission on which he called and was familiar with his instructions. This the Embassador found to be quite true upon close conversation with President McKinley. The formal letter of Embassador Cambon to the Minister of Foreign Re lations for Spain follows, dated Wash ington, July 31, and addressed to his Excellency, the Duke de Almodavar del Rio, Minister of State, Spain: The President states that it is the un alterable conviction of the people of the United States that only the end of Span ish sovereignty in the West Indies can put a stop to the war. For many years the Government of the United States, re specting the susceptibility of the kingdom of Spain, has at great expense to its treasury, enforced the acknowledgment by its citizens, of Spanish sovereignty in Cuba and accepted the obligations im posed by neutrality. But at . last came a moment when It was impossible to maintain this attitude. The spectacle kept- before-American* eyes of fertile ter ritory seared by fire and depopulated by starvation could' no longer be endured. Listening to the pleadings of humanity America lifted up its strong arm in de fense of a down-trodden people and to suppress at any cost to herself a condi tion which gave Americans pain. - _* For these reasons the President of the United States, acting on the advice of his Cabinet and of Congress, resolved to command of Spain that she remove her raval and military forces from the island of Cuba and that she give to the Inhabi tants of that island their liberty and their political independence. To this end Spain answered by severing diplomatic relations with the United States and declaring that she interpreted this act on the part of the American Gov ernment as amounting virtually to a declaration that a state of war existed between the two Governments. The President of the United States regrets that the question of Cuba's rights had to be settled with the sword and by conflict between two great nations*, but having accepted this eventuality with all its risks and prosecuting the war on land and sea as his duty told him. he sought by these methods to obtain the quickest and most honorable peace. In doing this he has spared no expense either of blood or of money. , '• ; The President of the United States is pleased to offer to his valorous adversary generous peace conditions. He will form ulate a peace proposition which will have to meet with the approval of the Senate of the United States before peace may be finally concluded. The President under stands that Spain desires to protect Cuba from danger of premature indebtedness, and the Government of the United States is not combating the position of Spain on this point, but believes that in the pres ent state of perturbation on the island Cuba needs the advice and help which the Government of .the United States is dis posed to give to her. The Minister of Foreign Relations cabled the following reply to Embas sador Cambon direct on August 1: Snain would incline to the belief that upon Cuba should tall the burden of the payment of any Indemnity to the United States. Soain is indifferent as to the character of the indemnity or to the terms of payment. A . , ' You must find out one important thing which this Government wants to know, namely, if the demand of the United States for the cession of Porto Rico can not be postponed till some other proposi tion may be arrived at or some other kind Continued on Fourth Page. OAKLAND REPUDIATES A JUDAS IN POLITICS The Examiner Unmasked and Held Up to Scorn by Members of Its Own Alleged Party. -..'... ■'. - -'-■■■' -- : ■'.-.■ ■.";-' ''..-'■'.-■ .. . ■- -..'•-.--.- •■. .- .-. . ■...:..■.■ :... - -■■■!.:■■■■ •■■■■::■ : r .■■■ ■ ■:j.:S':'<, Clear, Ringing Words of Victory From the Republican Standard-Bearers at the Close of the Campaign— Davie's Scathing Arraignment. OAKLAND, March 11.— Inde- ! pendent-Democratic ' candidates on the municipal ticket held their grand rally at the Taber nacle to-night. C. W. Wilkins, chairman of the City Central .Commit tee of the Independent party, presided, and introduced ex-Sheriff McKilllcan, who spoke on behalf of Captain Ed Hackett, the Independent-Democratic candidate for Auditor. The speaker advocated a careful scrutiny of all the names on the ticket and the election of the best, among whom he said Captain Hackett, the old-time Democrat, stood at the head. J. H. Creegan, a candidate for Coun cilman-at-Large, deplored the propo sition that Oakland is not as progres sive as it was thirteen years ago, and declared that only by electing business men to the Council can such conditions be improved. Robert Graham, a nominee for Coun cilman-at-Large, said he had cam EXAMINER METHODS UNDER THE X-RAY. paigned for fifteen days and had not been scored by the newspapers, and might consider himself lucky. He de voted himself for several minutes to roasting newspaper men who did not report the Independent party candi dates correctly. - F. A. Campbell made a short speech in which he stated that a man who had been nominated by a convention of 150 Republicans need not apologize for being a candidate. He said Oakland is not what it should be, and there is no reason why It should be so dull, with its many ad vantages, and he attributed it to the narrow-mindedness of the city govern ments that have prevailed for the past few years. John L. Davie was received with cheers as he was introduced as "the next Mayor of Oakland." Mr. Davie said he expected that this campaign would be one of vituperation, especially from certain newspapers, and he had not been deceived. "I asked for no nominations at the 'hands of any party," said the speaker, "but they were forced upon me. The Independent Republican Convention was composed of 150 gentlemen and I have no apology to make for accepting their nomination. •'The Democratic Convention was composed of the very best of the Oak land Democracy. Seth Mann, chairman of the Democratic State Central Com mittee, was an active spirit in the con vention and so was Henry C. McPike, and surely Warren B. English, the man who four years ago represented seven counties in the Congress of the United States, is a good Democrat. "The Democratic campaign was opened by that grand old Democrat, Hon. W. W. Foote. who has the re spect of the whole State, and yet I read in the Examiner that I am the tool of a convention bossed by Bros nahan and Moffitt. That same paper says in to-day's issue that not a sin i gie candidate has denied being owned PRICE FIVE CENTS. by Brosnahan and Moffltt since the campaign opened. That is false. "I have denied it in every platform that I have spoken from and I again deny it. Mr. Pardee and Mr. Dalton denounce me, and between them and the Examiner you would think Davie was not the man who was Mayor of this city for two years and who reduced your ferry fares and ran your govern ment cheaper than it was ever run, be fore or since. "Yet with all their abuse, if you will notice, no one has dared to say that Davie was ever dishonest. "They have hurled calumnies at me, and the Democratic organ will no doubt come out to-morrow morning with a fresh tirade of abuse. In fact, that sheet will give you almost any thing you want but the news. Al though this Democratic campaign was inaugurated and carried on by the very best Democracy of this city, the Examiner has acted in such an untruthful manner that its - own patrons have become disgusted with it and are dropping it by hundreds, and when a paper's subscribers drop it, there is something wrong. "To-day I discovered that the many good things said by the Examiner of Mr. Snow were paid for by him. One of my friends received a most pecu liar letter. It asked him to permit the Examiner to be left at his house, and guaranteed that if he did not want the sheet Mr. Snow, the Republican nominee, would pay for it. I am not a Republican, but I have some idea of what the Republicans must think of their nominee for Mayor, who will actually pay for the Democratic organ to be left in their doorway for a month. "I have noticed during this campaign that the Republican press of San Fran cisco has been so completely tied up to its party ticket that I could get none of my speeches reported. This shows why Republicans can generally get their way — they have money. Ido not know whether Mr. Snow respects the spirit of the purity of the election law, but I do not think such campaigning would be acceptable to the Republican party of Oakland any more than to the Democratic party. "Gentlemen, did you ever hear of anything like this before *- Demo cratic paper openly asking money from : a Republican candidate for Mayor for the purpose of defeating the Democratic ticket? And what does it mean P It simply means that the people of this city are so disgusted with the political hypocrisy of such a paper that they will not have it, unless some one else pays for it, and so to keep up the appearance of hav ing a circulation it holds a club over the Republican candidate for Mayor