MONDAY .....MAY 29, 1899
I JOHN D. SPRECKELS, Proprietor.
Address All Communications to W. S. LEAKE, Manager.
PUBLICATION OFFICE. .....Market and Third Sts-. S." F
Telephone Main 186 S.
EDITORIAL ROOMS 217 to 22! Stevenson Street
Telephone Main 1874.
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.OAKLAND 0FF1CE.'...... 908 Broadway
JNEW YORK OFFICE.. Room 188. World Building
C. CEO. KROGNESS. Advertising Representative.
WASHINGTON (D. C.) OFFICE Wellington Hotel
', V 1 •-'C, C. CARLTON, Correspondent.
CHICAGO OFFICE , Marquette Building
C GEORGE KROGNEBB, Advertising Representative.
BRANCH OFFICES— 627 Montgomery street, corner Clay
open until 9:30 o'clocK 387 Hayes street, open until
9:30 o'clock- 621 McAllister street, open until 9:30
o'clock. 615 LarKln street, open until 9:30 o'clock
-1941 Mission street, open Until 10 o'clock- 2291 MarKet
street, corner Sixteenth, open until 9 o'clock- 2518
Mission street, open until 9 o'clock- '06 Eleventh
street, open until 9 o'clock- 1505 Polk street, open
until 9:30 o'clock- NW- corner Twenty-second ana
Kentucky streets, open until 9 o'clock.
Columbia— "The Moth an 1 the Flame."
Grar.d -infra House — "The Princess Nicotine.**
Orpheum — Vaudeville.
Alcazar— "Hamlet." i
Tivoll— "The Mascot."
Chutes Zoo and Free Theater— Vaudeville every afternoon
Olympla-Cnrnor Mason and Ellis streets— Specialties.
Interstate Panorama Co., Market street, near Eighth— Bat-
tle of Manila Ray.
?utro H.itiis Swimmtnsr Races, etc.
Ice Tohoßpran Grounds. Dolores and Twenty-Fifth streets.
Glen Part Mission Zoo, Balloon Ascension to-morrow.
By Frank W. Butterfleld— This day at 11 a. m. at 408 Van
Ness aye.. Furniture.
THIS IS CALIFORNIA'S YEAR.
THESE are tranquil times in trade. There is no
unt anywhere. All lines of business se< m
to be in Rood shape, and as there is no undue
speculation the commercial current is about as smooth
as it ever gets. From the East come the regular and
now stereotyped reports of larger bank clearings,
smaller failures, a booming in m market, increased
activity in wool, and- so on. These weekly reports oi
continued, prosperity are becoming monotonous, and
'trade reports of late are. simply repetitions, in phrase
. ofogy changed to give them an air of newness.
The extraordinary activity in iron and steel has be
come so old that the subject is threadbare, and re
peated advancer in quotations excite little comment.
The flurry in wool if of recent date and is. therefore,
more interesting. The sales at the three chief markets
for three weeks foot up nearly .^1.000.000 pounds and
are mainly due to speculators, as the manufacturers
are doing very little buying. They will probably have
to come to it. however, as the speculators are getting
the market into their own hands and are determined
that if tli. manufacturers buy they will have to pay
them their profit The cotton mills are d^in^r a good
business, even at the higher quotations, and are put
• ; out large quantities < Lumber continues
firm and activ Ing operations continue lively.
Bootr. and shoes hold the recent advances without
dimculty. and hides and leather are firm in sympathy.
But the ■ ■ as its drawbacks. The wholesale
distribution is slack at the moment, chiefly on account
of the cold and backward spring, which checks retail
trade. Then the winter wheat crop has been falling
ort seriously of late, and even conservative parties in
the trade now admit that the yield will fall 100.000.000
bushels under the estimates of a month ago. The Feb
ruary freeze began the work, which has been con
tinued by the Hessian fly and cold and unfavorable
•r<mi>ts predict a complete failure of the
winter sown grain. The export trade, too, has lately
shown a decided decrease, both in food supplies and
manufactured goods. In spite of these drawbacks,
however, the bank clearings of the country last week
were 58 per cent larger than for the same week in 1898,
and all of the more important cities showed a gain.
The failures were 142 against 245 last year.
It is gratifying to note that California is making as
good a showing as any other State, as the grain crop
is in fine condition as a rule.- and the fruit interests
are in high feather. Reverse conditions prevail in
Oregon and Washington, where the climatic condi
tions are the same as in the East, with the same re
sults. The Government section directors for both •
State- report a very cold and backward season, with
a poor outlook for grain and a serious deficiency in
almost all fruits. This is evidently California's year, j
When a single car of cherrie- and apricot- sold in
New York nets the California orchardists $4000 times
may be said to be good among the fruit-growers, and
this is the record of a single car last week. Advices
from New York report the demand for California
canned fruits as immense, with smaller supplies than
for ten years. an(J some California canners have al
ready sold all the fruit they can possibly pack, and
this before, the fruit 1- anywhere near ripe. Of course
there is a general skurrying about the State for sup
plies, and the high prices fur fruit quoted in this
column last week still rule, with no signs of a decline.
Enthusiasts predict that California fruit will sell high
for the next five years owing to the widespread de
-1 struction of trees throughout the East by the Feb
, ruary freeze, but this is a pretty sweeping prediction.
Other local staples are equally prosperous. Wool
has been remarkably active of late, hides and leather
have been in steady demand at firm prices, provisions
show no decrease in activity, cattle, sheep and hogs
continue to bring stiff quotations, and so on down the
commercial list. Unless all signs fail, a good many
farm mortgages will be paid off in California this year.
General Gomez intends to visit President Me Kin
ley. It is a safe wager that the Cuban general will
not discuss the Santiago campaign. He dare not tell
what he did not do. and it would be equally embar
rassing for him to tell what he did.
It is reported that Captain Watkins of the steam
ship Paris said that he could not understand how the
. accident to the ship happened. Perhaps the fact that
the vessel is on the Manacles Rocks may shed some
light on the subject.
The Filipinos want to make terms for an uncon
ditional surrender. When they understand the lan
guage better they may learn that "unconditional" is
a word that has no modifiers.
With $25,000 in hand as a nest egg to start with, the
Dewey Monument Committee would be justified in
beginning to count its chickens.
THE STREET RAILWAY STEAL.
THERE are three principal daily newspapers pub- j
lished in San Francisco. Upon a great many j
questions they arc '^dissevered, discordant, bel
ligerent." And yet on the Market Street Railway
steal, which the Board of Supervisors, elected by a
preponderance of votes in the entire municipality, is
| expected to ratify to-day, their denunciation is unani- j
i mous. What does this mean? ■ It means an over- i
whelming preponderance of public sentiment against
I the outrage, a preponderance of the men who own the
property and pay the taxes in San Francisco.
In 1851 and in succeeding years the Common Coun
: cil of this city was corrupt and was owned by rotten
i politicians. In 1856 the Board of Supervisors, estab
! lished by the Consolidation Act, was indescribably
: purchasable and low. But in 1899 all previous experi
j ence has hem transcended. The railroad Supervisors,
j one and all, belong to a pachydermatous breed. Their
skins arc so thick that if they were thrown into a den
of lioi ilazing furnace their moral sensibilities;
would remain torpid. They arc the nearest approach j
that has yet been discovered to absolute impervious- I
ness. They are encrusted with the railroad cuticle and j
are proud of the branded covering that encases them !
It has been demonstrated that no Supervisor can
vote for the tangled mass of franchises and privileges,
■ unintelligible except to the initiated, that seven Super
-1 visors have been ordered to turn over to the monopo
; ly. without confessed dishonesty. And this fact is in
I no way affected by the parade on Friday last before
■ the Street Committee of property owners who justly
desire increased railway facilities in the southeastern |
part of this metropolis. Some of these gentlemen be- j
long to the living statuary that Mr. Huntington occa- |
sionally uses to produce an impression of popular
sentiment that has no real existence. But their de
mands are nevertheless legitimate and in due time and |
in the right way ought to be met. It does not
follow that, while asking for the relief to which they
are entitled, they mean that, under the guise of pro- 1
moting a necessary public improvement, the residuary
interests of the municipality in its streets and in the
easements necessarily employed in transportation j
lid be gratuitously delivered to Mr. Huntington.
But, notwithstanding the fact, generally appreciated
and which has excited the community almost to fren- j
7y. that seven of the existing Supervisors constitute a \
Board of Registration for railroad decrees, the Mayor
and the five honest municipal representatives are not
helpless. Time is the essence of this nefarious business,
land law, which even railroad audacity cannot disregard,
. favors the public interest. It has been vituperatively
I declared by the blatant advocates of this monstrous
iniquity that the law prohibiting the granting of street
railway franchises or privileges within 90 days of a
general election has been repealed. This statement is
false. The act of February .24. 1893, which not only :
cover.- tin- point but also prevents the transfer of
those privileges and franchises for seventy days after
an election is an independent statute which does not
conflict with any other legislation and, therefore, is of
It is of course the duty of the City and County At
torney to advise the Board of Supervisors of the ex
isting law. If he is consulted he will probably tell the'!
indurated seven, who unfortunately in one respect do
not represent the united seven of Wordsworth's poem,
that they cannot confer a railroad franchise or privi- '■
without the concurrence of the Mayor or without
nine vote- to override his veto. Section 68 of the
Consolidation Act enacts that every ordinance or reso
lution providing for "the granting of afjy privilege" or
involving "the- appropriation of public property," which
covers .ill the applications of the Market Street Railway
Company, "shall, before it takes effect, be presented"
to the Mayor for approval, and the act of March 30,
IS6B, compels nine Supervisors to unite before a veto
can be defeated. In the garbage crematory suit be
i fore Judge Morrow he heM provisionally that, under
the act of March 3, 1893, the signature of the Mayor to \
an order or resolution granting a franchise or privi- i
lege was not required. Under that law. clearly dis
tinguishable from the act of March 13, 1897, the
] Board, after advertisement, was compelled to make an
award to the highest bidder. But, in the first place,
the attention of that distinguished jurist most likely
| had not been directed to a decision of the Supreme!
Court of this State, mentioned in this article, that will
furnish a controlling rule for a Federal tribunal: in J
the second place, the act of iSqj applies to conditions 1
upon which exclusive franchises or privileges can be
granted, and not merely to the method of procedure;
and in the third place, the act of March 13, 1897, with
draws the compulsory requirements of the earlier kiw
and authorizes the rejection of all bids. Its language j
! on this subject, establishing a discretion in which the !
Mayor must be recognized, is very precise: "Pro- !
vided further, that the governing power may reject
any or all bids." And again, that "in the discretion of !
such Board or governing or other legislative body, all :
bids may be set aside and rejected." And section 2of \
j that act, in directing that, upon proper application, the
Attorney General shall institute proceedings to forfeit
unused franchises, includes the Mayor as a "governing
Authority fully confirms the view The Call has sug
gested of the right of the Mayor to pass upon such
orders and resolutions as are before the Board of Su- j
pervisors to-day. In the case of the County of San j
Diego versus Siefert, published in 97 California Re- j
ports, page 599, the Supreme Court confirmed the
proposition of Judge Field, which had acquired the I
f"rce of an axiom, that, in respect to municipal gov- I
ernments. the mode of legislation was the measure of j
the power. In the case of Jacobs versus the Board of Su
pervisors, 100 California Reports, pages 125-128, it was
held that, in fixing water rates, the signature of the
Mayor was unnecessary. This decision has been wide
ly misinterpreted. It was based entirely upon the fact
that, as to this kind of quasi-judicial legislation the j
State Constitution conferred the authority exclusively |
upon the Board. The court said: "But the power in j
question here comes not from the Consolidation Act,
! but from the Constitution of the State," and the opin
j ion of Mr. Justice Harrison, in which he concurs with
the prevailing opinion, written by Mr. Justice Mc-
Farland, definitely indicates the distinction between
the case before the court and an order or resolution
"granting any privilege." And in a suit which seems j
to have escaped general attention, the Supreme Court
'defined and limited the water rate decision and held j
specifically that an order or a resolution granting a i
street railway franchise or privilege is subject to the
Mayor's veto. This was a suit brought by the plain
tiff, Eisenhuth. against Ackerson, the Street Superin
tendent, and is reported in volume 105 of the Califor
nia Reports, at pages 89-95. It quotes section 68 of •
the Consolidation Act. and, although it was decided in !
1893 without reference to the statute of that year, and j
four years before the act of 1897 was passed, it covers
the point exactly and has not been subsequently in
Unless, therefore, there is some other undisclosed i
law that avoids the ruling of the highest tribunal in !
California, the veto of the Mayor can defeat the pre- \
| determined rascality of to-day. But there are other '
I safeguards to be pointed out. The mere fact that the j
I new charter has been adopted by popular vote and j
THE SAX FRANCTSCO CALL, MONDAY, MAY 29, 1899.
ratified by the Legislature and that, with its reduction j
of the duration of street railway franchises to twenty- j
j five, years and its augmented percentages and other
I stringent litnitations on street railway exactions, it will
take effect within seven months, demonstrates the in
famy of the Supervisors who propose to donate the j
property of the city to the monopoly, with no reserva
! tion of any percentage for five years. However, so far
i as we are advised, it is evident that in this corrupt pro
ceeding one of the clauses of the act of 1897, has been
studiously concealed. That statute declares that "no
percentage shall be paid. for the first five years suc
ceeding the date of the franchise." that is, as originally |
granted, but' it also enacts that the Board of Supervis- |
ors "may provide as a condition of such franchise that j
the payments of said percentage shall begin at any
time less than five years after the franchise is granted, !
if such franchise is a renewal, or substantially a re- j
newal, of a franchise already in existence." It thus 1
appears that, in respect to the Geary-street renewal,
the seven railroad agents in the board are designing
■ to give away the rights of the public both under the j
: old law and the new charter. Such treachery and vil
, lainy are almost inconceivable.
It has been denied that there is a string to the prof
's fered surrender of the' four years' residue of the exist
ing Geary-street franchise. But the Market Street
Railway Company only makes that tender on condi
tion that the new franchise be granted and section 2 of
the act of March 13. 1897, exacts as a condition pre
cedent to renewal that the existing franchise "shall
be first surrendered by the holders thereof."
It is clear, therefore, that Mayor Phelan and the
five decent members of the Board of Supervisors are
! not without weapons that may be used efficaciously for
j defense. There remains also the opportunity on
I which it is impossible here to amplify, for reconsider
ation of any action that the bare majority of the Board
may seek to perfect at one session. The Board of Su
| pervisor*. under its own rules, is governed by parlia
; mentary law. and the motion to reconsider, made after
the dissolute seven have registered their own degrada
tion by some gentleman who changes his vote for that
purpose, will either carry the scheme over to the next
' regular meeting or afford a fair opportunity to invali
date the fraud. The Clerk is bound to register the j
J motion and the Mayor to hold that no bulldozing ,
I tactics can dispose of it out of the regular order.
It is to be hoped that the delegations chosen by the
I impressive public meetings that have been held may
' convince the unspeakable seven that they are sur- j
rounded. by the magnetic influence of indignant con
stituents, who will not silently defer to their contuma
cious audacity but will assert the sovereignty and the |
) integrity of the American people.
THE DEWEY STATUE FUND.
DURING the present week, and probably begin
ning to-day, the task of gathering contributions
for the Dewey statue fund will go briskly for
>vard. The observance of Memorial day will, of course,
suspend the work for a time, but the patriotic mem
ories of the day so far from interfering with the move
ment will augment its force by reviving in the public
mind and heart those sentiments and feelings of loy
alty and love for the heroic brave, to which the pur
pose of erecting a monument in commemoration of
the victory at Manila directly appeals.
The committee in charge of the enterprise begins
the canvass for contributions with $25,000 subscribed
on the first day. That js one-fourth of the entire
amount at which the cost of .the monument is esti
mated. Such a sum subscribed at once is a virtual
guarantee oi the success of the movement. It is an
assurance to the public that the promoters of the en
terprise are in earnest and that they are willing to
give freely of their money as well as their time and
their energy to bring it to a speedy and triumphant
Several efforts which have been undertaken to raise
money in this city for monuments have- thus far failed
and remain hardly more than subjects of talk and dis
cussion. For that reason some persons have doubted
whether the present movement would be successful.
The splendid subscriptions of Friday prove all such
doubts to be unfounded. A man need not be a very
sanguine optimist or a very ardent patriot to have
faith now in the enterprise. The erection of the
monument is about as certain as anything in the future
can Vie. and every citizen can contribute to it in pro
portion to his means with full confidence that the
work of erecting the monument is not to be postponed
to some indefinite date in the dim future, but will be
under way before popular interest in the matter either
fades or flags.
It will be remembered that for years before any
thing was accomplished there was talk of constructing
a competing railway down the San Joaquin Valley.
Such a road was in every way desirable and promised
to be profitable, but for a long time no one could be
induced to undertake it. At last Mr. Claus Spreckels
came forward, assumed leadership and responsibility
in the enterprise, subscribed for a large amount of
stock, and at once the construction of the road was
assured. As a matter of fact, it was undertaken and
pushed forward with an energy and rapidity almost
unparalleled in the history of railway construction.
Something of a similar nature will be seen in the
work of raising what will be the most notable monu
mental work on the Pacific Coast and one of the state
liest in America. Men do not hesitate to support
great enterprises when well assured that something
will be achieved, and that assurance they have in the
present case. The list of contributions has been headed
by Claus Spreckels with $10,000. Mayor Phelan
promptly followed the lead with a contribution of
$5000, John W. Mackay contributed $5000 and "a
friend" added $5000 more, making the' total of $25,000
with which the committee begins its work.
Upon this showing of contributions already made
it will be seen that citizens are not to be asked to sub
scribe to a doubtful undertaking. It may be regarded
as certain that a monument to the great admiral whose
victory has marked the beginning of a new epoch in
American history will be erected in San Francisco
within the near future, and every citizen who feels
within him either national patriotism or civic pride
will be glad to be able to contribute to it.
According to one expert the coal fields of Great
! Britain will be exhausted within fifty years, and ac
cording to another the mouth of the Thames will be
choked up so that large vessels cannot get to the city.
It is therefore high time for British optimists to begin
j to talk about storing up sunlight for heating purposes
and making use of flying ships for commerce.
With the gold fields of Alaska panning out very
j well to the north of us and new gold fields paying well
to the south, San* Francisco ought to feel something
like a bonanza thrill in her business this year.
Bryan's statement that something may be added to
I the Chicago platform, but nothing can be taken from
it, is equivalent to saying it may be made worse but
I it cannot be improved.
Unless the Supervisors during the day cool off con
-1 siderably on the street railway franchise proposition,
j there is likely to be a hot time in the old town to-
WILL BE THE
University Funds to
AVERTING A BIG DEFICIT
SALARIES AND ASSISTANTS
WILL BE AFFECTED.
President Kellogg's Place Will Very
Probably Be Filled at the Meet
ing to Be Held on
The committee on ways and means re
cently appointed by the Regents of the
State University to devise some} plan to
avert a threatened deficit, met yesterday
and agreed on a system of retrenchment
that will be equal to the occasion.
Under present expenses and a much
shortened Income, the Regents have fig
ured they will be behind just $48,000 when
the next fiscal year shall have passed.
There was no plain way out of the diffi
culty that the Regents could find, so it
was decided to place the matter In the
hands of the finance committee and a
special committee of three, and let those
six find- a remedy. The finance commit
tee is composed of Regents Hallidie, Rod
gers and Miller; the special committee of
Regents Denieke, Slack and Rowell. Mr.
Rpdgers and Mr. Miller were away and
the other four met at Colonel Denicke's
residence yesterday afternoon.
Since the appointment of the commit
1> a the heads of the various departments
of the university have been communicated
with; the condition of the institution has
been explained to them and the necessity
for retrenchment has been pointed out,
and they were all a&ked to submit to the
committee some idea of the amount they
could save and the way they could save
it. The reports submitted were the sub
jects of discussion at yesterday's confer
The report of the committee will not he
mad« public until the meeting of the Re
gents on June 13. There arc a good many
details that will have to be considered
and discussed, but the general plan is one
of such retrenchment as will keep the uni
versity running on what money it has
while not seriously interfering with the
efficiency of the institution. The plan of
retrenchment will necessarily reduce the
staff to some extent and also some of the
salaries, but there will be no radical
changes. It was reported at one time that
the deficit would be avoided by the exac
tlon of a fee from each of the students,
and there was a good deal of adverse
comment on the proposed inauguration of
such a policy; and there was another • re
port to the effect that money would be
raised by subscription, and that, too, was
condemned. It is probable that the com
mittee will not find tiny necessity for
making any departure so radical as the
Hrhcrne of fees.
The idea of allowing the presidency to
remain vacant until at least a year had
nassed and so save a clear ten thousand,
was nlso brought, to the attention of the
committee, it met little favor, however.
The committee was of the opinion that
the university could not lie properly con
ducted without an executive head. That
tin plan has heen abandoned is proved
by the fact that a President will very
probably be elected at the meeting on
Juno 13. The Regents are all ready to
vote on the candidates, and there Is a
general desire to have the place filled and
th«- matter settled. The identity of the
successful candidate, however, is still a
matter of speculation.
Alex S. Porter, U. S. A., is at the Occi
F. M. Chlttenden. the Fresno attorney,
is at the Grand.
C. H. Shiveley, the Oroville banker, is
stopping at the Grand.
W. A. Avery and R. Ross of Los Ange
les are at the Occidental.
George Myers and G. C. Freeman, an at
torney of Fresno, are at the Lick.
G. S. Grosvenor, a capitalist of New
Jersey, and wife are at the Palace.
R. A. Fitzgibbon and family are here
from New York. They are stopping at
J. J. Hoffman, a Chicago merchant, is
visiting this city with his family and have
taken apartments at the Palace.
Major W. Quinton of the Fourteenth
United States Infantry, arrived from the
East yesterday and is at the Occidental.
John Kelshaw, the well-known mer
chant of San Luis Obispo, arrived in this
city accompanied by his wife. They are
registered at the Grand.
J. M. Williams, stock raiser and
rancher, and Julius Cain, the merchant,
came up from Newmans yesterday and
are stopping at the Lick.
NEWS OF FOREIGN NAVIES.
Penalties to the amount of $1,119,945
j were incurred during the year ending
March 31 last for delay in the fulfillment
i of contracts for the British navy, but
; were only enforced in two cases to the cx
i tent of $275.
The subscription collected by the Paris
' ian newspaper Matin footed up to $77,915,
' which sum the Minister of Marine has
promised to apply at once to the object
intended, that, of building two small sub
An imposing German fleet left Kiel on
May 3 for a two months' cruise in the
Baltic and North Sea. It consisted of
four first class and two second class
battle-ships, one coast defense vessel and
two small cruisers aggregating 61,500 tons
and carrying a crew of 3700.
The French cruiser Cecllle, built In 1888,
has just been recommisloned at Toulon
where she was thoroughly repaired. The
Cecllle has done considerable service and
been a very satisfactory ship, and now
after eleven years made 19 knots on her
trial, which is exactly the speed she at
tained when prepared for her first com
mission. She is of 5933 tons and 10,200
horsepower, and carries a battery of eight
6.4-Inch quick-iirers; ten 5.5-inch; ten 2
pounders and fourteen machine ,guns.
The London Engineering directs atten
tion of the British naval authorities to
the superiority of American naval gun
nery as evidenced at target shooting and
the running fight off Santiago. It claims
that the American target 56 feet by 16*4
feet is larger than that used in the Brit
ish navy, but urges at the same time that
"Money can hardly be better spent on
any purpose connected with war which
would yield such fruit as that laid out in
perfecting our shooting."
The French naval appropriations have
increased during the past thirty years to
enormous proportions. In ISBB they
amounted to* $34,400,000 and diminished to
$23.«O0,00O in 1872. In 1890 the total was
$40,300,000, and for the present year It is
$60,400,000 or 50 per cent over that of nine
years ago. For new construction, in
cluded in the foregoing totals, $7,172,000
was allowed in 1890, and $18,538,000 for 1899.
The personnel, which in 1897 numbered
39,586 men, is now to be Increased to
A mammoth drydock at Glasgow is
ready for service, the test of Its pump
ing machinery having pasßcd off satis
factorily.. The dock is 880 feet long and
81 feet 8 inches wide on the floor. It is
115 feet wide at top, 83 feet at entrance
and carries 26 feet 6 inches over the sill.
The dock can be divided by a central
caisson in lengths of 420 and 460 feet.
The pumps cleared the dock of 66.033 tons
of water in 90 minutes, givfng the con
tractor a margin of 21 minutes to spare,
and the outer section of 460 feet can be
pumped out in 35 minutes.
The British battle-ship Renown of 12,3i0
tons arrived at Portsmouth dockyard on
April 30, returning from the North
American station. The ship made the
trip from Bermuda to St. Catherine, a
distance of 3010 knots, in 196 hours, giving
an average speed of 15 knots an hour and
consumed 1200 tons of coal making the
passage. The trial speed of the Renown
under forced draught was IS knots, but
| the recent sea speed under natural
! draught extending for over eight days is
: a very creditable performance.
Three torpe<lo-boat destroyers for the
British navy have recently passed
through their trials with good results.
i They are all denominated as 30-knot
boats and of 300 tons. The Cygnet, built
by Thorneycroft. made 30.6S knots over
the measured mile and averaged 30.375
knots during a three hours' run. The
Mermaid, from the yard of Leslie &
Hawthorne at Newcastle made 30.926
knots over the measured mile and 30.833
knots during a three hours' run, develop
ing 7024 horsepower or 1024 in excess of
the contract. The Orwell, built at Laird's,
i Birkenhead, ran over the measured mile
at a speed of 30.7 knots and averaged 30.2
during a three hours' run at aea.
At the meeting of the Royal United
Service Institute in London on March 8,
the "Lesson of the Battle Off Santiago"
was discussed by Rear Admiral A. K.
Wilson, Admiral ('olomb and other
prominent naval experts. Rear Admiral
Wilson closed his recital of the naval
event by saying: "I have not the slight
est doubt that if the Americans had been
turned into Cervera'B ships— in bad con
dition as they were— they would have
made a very good fight of it. It is the
energy and enterprise of the race, of
which we hope we may have our share
as members of the same race, that, I
think, is the greatest factor in the suc
cess of the Americans."
To the Editor of The Call— Dear Sir; Al
though a citizen of no note or importance
(socially, I wish to add my feeble protest
to that now being made by so many
against the cruelty and injustice of the
impending examination of the children of
the- public schools. I am the father of a
child who can show a year's record card
of the highest standard among a class of
sixty scholars. So much so that two
months ago we heard from the teacher
that by uniform attention to and excel
lence in studies this child was already en
titled to the medal; also that this pupil's
reputation for honesty in study could be
vouched for by all fellow scholars. Now,
is this year's record to go for nothing.
Is it just that a year of nonest and suc
cfs«ful study should be weighed in the
balance with a hurried and favored exam
ination of an hour? Especially if a child
is of a retiring disposition and apt to be
flurried and nervous before strangers.
Certainly such a child is not at his best
compared with other children either more
self-composed or more forward, or less
honest as to their methods of success
than he is. I think this examination
business is a deliberate injustice and that
all parties concerned should cry- out
against it and insist that the year's rec
ord shall be the only standard by which
efficiency shall be tested. I remain yours
AN INDIGNANT PARENT.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
TWIN PEAKS— J. H. B. and E. W. M.,
City. The height of Twin Peaks above
city base is 910 feet.
THE OREGON— H. G. W., Watson
ville, Cal. The Oregon sailed from Hono
lulu for Manila February 20, 1899.
INSANITY— H. H. 8.. City. Insanity
of husband or wife developing after mar
riago is not a ground for divorce in the
State of California.
SAN FRANCISCO TO CINCINNATI—
A. S.. City. The shortest mail time be
tween San Francisco and Cincinnati,
Ohio, is 89 hours and 20 minutes.
THE LARGEST STEAMER— H. M. T..
Alvlso, Cal. The largest steamer afloal
at this time is. according to Lloyds' regis
ter for the current year, the Lucania,
THE ARIZONA— Q. L., City. The di
mensions of the Arizona, now called the
Hancock, are: Length, 450.2 feet;
breadth, 45.4 feet; depth, 35.7 feet.; ton
nage, 3356 net, 5305 gross,
COAL COMPANIES— W. E. C, Grass
Valley, Cal. Some of the leading coal
companies of Washington are: Pacific
Coast Company, Black Diamond Com
pany, Scotch Prairie Company, Rosen
feld's Sons Company.
PAWNBROKER'S CHARGES— S. W.,
City. If a pawnbroker makes a loan on
a pledge in the regular way he is not al
lowed by law to charge more than 2 per
cent per month, and if he does he may
be arrested for a misdemeanor.
TABLEAPS— lnquirer, City. You can
not patent a thought, such for instance as
an idea as to the placing on a public stage
of novel and original ideas in the matter
of tableau?, but you can have the same
copyrighted, Just as you would a dramatic
THE PILOTS— H. T. T., City. The fol
lowing, named are the pilots for the bay
of San Francisco: T. H. Barber, F.
Boyd, S. Castle, Captain Ersklne, E. A.
Freeman, D. Haskcll, P. Jordan, N. B.
Jordan, G. S. Korts. J. Miller, L. Meyer,
P. Murphy, A. Swanson. G. D. Scott! C.
Reed, J. W. Ott, G. D. Wallace, F. Ma
thleson, J. E. McCullough.
MARRIAGE-W. F. A., City. In the
State of California a minor under the age
of 21 male and 18 female can be married
if the consent of parents or guardian is
given. In Mexico the age for marriage
without consent of parents or guardian
is 21 years. In extraordinary cases a
special dispensation may be grantt-d to
authorize marriage where the male is
over 14 years of age and the female is
GOLD IN A WATCH CASE— D. R. T.
C, Auburn, v CaU». To extract the gold
from an eighteen-karat gold watch case
the case must be pounded in a mortar
and placed in a bath of nitric acid and
allowed to remain until there is no longer
any fuming. That will eat away all the
base metal that it may contain. Then
the material must be rinsed and driod,
then rolled in sheet lead, placed in a cupe!
and then into a muffled furnace. That
will dissipate the lead and then there
will remain a button of gold. If it is de
sired to refire the gold so as to make it
of a higher grade, there must be xdded
two parts or silver to one of gold and
the same process gone through.
TWO HULLS— F. J., City. In relation
to the question as to the difference in
tonnage between a steel hull and a wooden
bull of exactly the same dimensions G.
W. Dickie of the Union Iron Works says:
"Ac to register tonnage there would be
no difference between the tonnage of one
vessel and another that measure the same
internally, as the interior cubic capacity
of the vessel in cube feet divided by one
hundred is the register tonnage. This,
however, has nothing to do with the car
rying capacity of a vessel. Very often the
register tonnage is confounded with the
dead weight carrying capacity. As a rule
the steel vessel of the same register ton
nage will carry more than the wooden
vessel on account of the very material
difference in the weight of the hull of
the one as compared with that of the
other, but there is no rule to determine
what that difference is. It depending en
tirely on the structure of the wooden ves
sel and the weight ot material used
Old Glory Flung to
AN INTERESTING CEREMONY
EXERCISES BY THE PUPILS 01
Patriotic Songs and Recitations Fol
low a Short Address by Rev.
Father Carraher, I>onor of
the National Emblem.
A large brand new American flag waves
proudly over the Catholic Presentati y
Convent School of St. Francis Parish, a/
the corner of Powell and bombard streets
and the pupils of the school who partici
pated in the ceremonjv-attendlng the rais
ing of the glorious emblem of freedom
yesterday afternoon are supremely hap
py in the possession of the handsome
piece of silk which means so much to ta«
people of this country. The convent has
long wanted a flag, but it was not until
Rev. Father T. Carraber, the parish
priest, bethought himself to present one
to the sisters, that the cherished-'.
I was realized. It waa decided to make the
! raising of the national colors over the
i convent a notable one in the history of
i the institution, and yesterday was chosen
for the ceremony.
The exercises were held in the convent
hall and in the street in front of the
building, beginning at 2 o'clock in the af
ternoon. The programme opened with the
rendition of "Speed Our Republic," by the
entire school, followed by a patriotic ad
dress by Father Carraher. Then came the
"Cecilia" march by the orchestra com
posed of boys and pirls belonging to the
school, and the national hymn rendered
by two young lady pupils <>n pianos. Miss
M. Benker delivered a thrilling recitation,
brim full of patriotic inspiration, with
j dramatic effect, and was warmly applaud
! cd. She was followed by J. Brusher, who
j entertained the assemblage with a med
ley of national airs on the trombone in a
very acceptable manner. The orchestra
was again called upon and pave a pretty
1 rendition of Hawaiian airs and the indoor
' programme was concluded with the sing
j ing of "The Star Spengled Banner" by
the entire audience, standing.
As the chorus of voices died away the ■
! clang of a bell signaled the children to •
march out of the building and take up
I their positions on the opposite side of
I Powell street where they could obtain a
: good view of the convent roof and see the
nag as its folds were flung to the breeze.
! While the flag was being attached to the
halliards the pupils again sang the na
tional anthem and as Old Glory mounted
■ skyward on the flagpole the tune was
changed to "Columbia, the Gem of the
• Ocean." follower! by three cheers for the
Stars and Stripes.
There was quite a crowd of spectators
i in front of the convent at the wind up of
I the programme and they joined heartily
in cheering the flag that never knew de
FELL FROM HIS WAGON.
Serious Accident to Michael F. Duig
nan. Driver of a Brewery Wagon.
Michael F. Duigr.an. 1112 Rhode Island
! street, is a driver for the United States
I Brewery. He started out. earl; yesterday
i niorning to deliver kegs of beer to. the
I customers of the brewery and had ud
usual to celebrate at each place of call.
About 8 o'clock he reached a grocery at
the corner of Polk and Grove streets and
delivered the kegs of beer ordered. When
he climbed on the se.u on the wagon he
\ grabbed hold of the reins, but his hold
I was uncertain and the reins slipped from
his grasp. H- leaned forward to regain
; possession of them and fell, striking on
i the traces. The horses bolted and Duig-
I nan fell to the ground and the wheels
■ passed over his left arm, breaking the
| bones of the arm and hand. He was also
bruised on the right arm and face. He -v^
I was taken to the Receiving Hospital, y
I where Dr. Bunnell attended to his in- *
Cal. glace fruit 50c per Ib at Townsend's.*
Special information supplied daily to
business houses and public men by tha
Press Clipping Bureau 510 Mont
gomery street. Telepnone Main 1042. •
The Prince of Wales is following the
example of the Duke of Wellington and
saving garments which he has worn on
special occasions. The Prince's collec
tion will be as interesting as the Duke's
store of ancient trousers and Bwallow
A Work of Art.
The new book, "Wonderland," just issued by
the Northern Pacific Railway Company, is the
prettiest publication issued by any railway
company this year. It Is full of beautiful half
tone illustrations, and contains besides a well
written description of a trip taken over thii
finely equipped line, including a tour through
the wonderful Yellowstone Park. Send 6c la
stamps and it will be mailed to you. T. K.
Stateler, Gen. Agt.. 63S Market St., San Fran
"Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup"
Has been used for fifty years by ■ millions of
mothere for their children while Teething with
perfect success. It soothes the child, softens
the gums, allays Pain, cures Wind Colic, reg
ulates the Bowels and is the best remedy for
Diarrhoeas, whether arising fr«m teething or
other causes. For sale by Druggists in every
part of the world. Be sure and ask for Mrs.
Wlnslow's Soothing Pyrup. 25c a bottle.
HOTEL DEL. CORONADO— Take advantage
of the round-trip tickets. Now only $60 by ■
stenmshir. including fifteen days' board tiji
hotel ; longer stay. $2 SO per day. Apply at 4
New Montgomery street, San Francisco.
The Chinese pronounce their Dowagei
Empress the most beautiful woman
whom the Celestial Kingdom has evet
A common expression is:
"The human race is grow-
ing weaker and wiser."
That we are growing weak-
er is proved by the large
number of pale, thin and
That we are growing
wiser may be proved by
overcoming these disorders
with the timely use of
Scott's Emulsion of Cod-
liver Oil with Hypophos-
phites which gives strength,
enriches the blood, invigor-^
ates the nerves and forms
fat. . '
50c. »od fri.ea, |11 drugglau.
SCOTT f BQWWX, Qhsmtatt, NowY*%.
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