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VOLUME LXXXTI- NO. 89.
BRITISH WARSHIP TRAINS HER GUNS UPON RUSSIANS Cossacks Forcibly Eject English Workingmen From Disputed Land at Hankow, in Cliina. GUNBOAT DISPERSES ATTACKING PARTY ... T C^HANGHAI, Aug. 27. As tht outcome of a dispute rcgard •k3 *w£ the ownership of some lands at Hankow, on the Yangtse- Kiang, about 700 miles from the sea, which were purchased in 1863 by the concern of Jar dine, Matheson & Co., but were sub sequently included in ihe new concessions to Russia, the owners, under the advice and protection of Mr. Hurst, the British Consul, sent workmen to fence in the tract. After the work was begun a dozen Cossacks from thf Russian consulate appeared on the scene and forcibly ejected the workmen. The captain of the British second-class gunboat JVoodlark, especially designed for service on the river, after consulting with Mr. Hurst, landed a party of bluejackets and moved the JVoodlark within firing distance of the Russian consulate. For a time a fight seemed imminent, but nothing further occurred. The bluejackets arc now guarding the property. The British third-class gunboat Esk has been dispatched to Hankow from this port. Great Britain is evidently determined to uphold British rights. WILL NOT RESTRICT TRADE WITH MANILA Position of the United States Relative to Status of the Philippines and Foreign Countries. WASHINGTON. Aug. 27.— While holding that the acquisition of the Philippine irchipelago by the United States abro gated all treaties between Spain and other :ountries relating to the islands, the imhorities propose to place no restriction is to trade upon the citizens of any other lountry. The interview- with E. Spencer Pratt, Interview with E. Spencer Pratt, 'ormerly Consul General at Singapore, in egard to the treaties between Spain Ger many and Great Britain relative to the sulu archipelago has again called the at ention of the authorities to these instru -npnrs_ I*nrier the treat y of liSo. which BOERS MAY CALL FOR KRUCER'S RESIGNATION CALCUTTA, Aug. 27.— The Government, according to a Government, according to a Calcutta newspaper, usual- Calcutta newspaper, usual- ly informed, has asked the British lx informed, has asked the British India Nazngation Company what India Navigation Company v transports will be available for transports will be available for Government use in the rccnt of eminent use in the event of war in the Transvaal. war in the Transvaal. LONDON, Aug. 27.— There ls little LONDON. Aug. 27.— There is little fresh news from South Africa, but it is announced that the Governor of Natal has refused to allow the transit of empty cartridge cases intended for the Transvaal. The Pretoria correspondent of the Daily Chronicle declares that President Kruger's concessions are so far-reach- ing that it is doubtful whether the burghers will ratify them. He thinks it more likely that they will demand Mr. Kruger's resignation and the ap pointment of a younger man, probably Schalk W. Burger, a non-official mem- ber of the Legislative Council of the Transvaal. All the morning papers comment on the seriousness of the situation as revealed on Saturday at Birmingham by the speech of Joseph Chamberlain, Secretary of State for the Colonies. The Daily Telegraph calls the speech "An informal ultimatum." The Standard says it marks the most critical stage yet reached. The Daily News observes: "We can- not but suppose that such grave words were well weighed beforehand." The Times says: "Such a delicate sit- uation cannot be protracted. We be lieve that within the last few days the final arrangements of the general direc tion of the expedition, which will be necessary in the event of a rupture, have been completed at the war office. It is scarcely necessary to point out the extreme danger of allowing en trance into South Africa of arms which PROMINENT BOER LEADERS OF THE YOUNGER SET. The San Francisco Call. Incorporated among its provisions articles of the protocol of 1577, it was provided that commerce and direct traffic of ves sels ■: subjects of Great Britain, Ger many and other powers with the archi pelago of Jolo and in all parts tnereof should be free, together with the right of fishing. Pending receipt of full informa tion from Brigadier General Eates, who recently negotiated the treaty with the Sultan of the archipelago as to the en gagements he has made, the authorities propose to permit matters to continue as they were under Spanish dominion. Troops Coming Here CINCINNATI. Aug. 27.— The Thirty-first Regiment, United States Volunteer In fantry, is now en route to San Francisco. Two sections of troops got off last night and the remainder got off to-day in two sections, followed by a baggage train, making five sections in all. They expect to arrive at San Francisco by September I. Only four men were left in the hosDi- vouid be likely to fall into the hands >f the black population, exceeding the vhite fourfold." ♦- HERBERT SPENCER IS OPPOSED TO WAR Shooting Down of Beers Placed in the Light of Unnecessary- Murder. NEW YORK, Aug. 27.— A Journal ca ble from London says Herbert Spencer is known to have views that arestrong 1>- opposed by those of the British Gov ernment regarding the advisability of a coercion policy in the Transvaal. Thus far, however, all efforts that have been made by his radical friends to place be fore the public an authorized opinion on the subject from England's greatest thinker have been unavailing. Mr. Spencer can easily plead the breakdown of his health as a good rea son for not again entering Into a pub lic controversy, but his friend and dis SAN FRANCISCO, MONDAY, AUGUST 28, 1899. CONTINUING THE POLICY OF CONCILIATION * Otis Still Too Lenient in Otis Still Too Lenient in • Dealing With Natives of Luzon. SMITH MORE SEVERE Colonel of the Twelfth Orders That All Men Who Attempt to Pass the Lines Be Shot. — *. — Special Dispatch to The Call. ♦••♦'♦'♦"♦'•♦••f-f'f-f-f-f-f-f-f-f-f'*' *»- ♦ -t- + ♦ VIENNA, At;*-. 27.— The Poli- ♦ ♦ tische Correspondenz says that a . ♦ ♦ deputation of Ameri n mer- •* *♦■ chants from Manila has gone to ■+ + Washington to promote a scheme ♦ *♦ for ceding the Philippines to ♦ **♦• Creat Britain. ■*■ '" '.+'.:' + + + + ++-r ++++++ +++ + + MANILA. Aug. 22, via Hongkong, Aug. 27. — Recent events have proved somewhat discouraging to officials who are trying to accompany war with a policy of conciliation. Two new municipal governments have collapsed through the treachery of the Mayors. To-day the Mayor of San Pedro Ma . cate, who was. elected by the people ! under the direction of Professor Dean Worcester of the united States Advis ory Commission of the Philippines, was brought to Manila and lodged in jail. The United States officers at San Pe dro Macate found that he was using his office as a recruiting station for the Philippine army. Four disguised in surgent officers were helping him. The Mayor of Baliuag was also arrested and confined in the same prison. The Americans caught him passing between the line of the two armies with incrim inating documents, which the authori ties secured. Another prominent na tive Mayor is under surveillance. When the result of the election at Imus, which General Lawton and Pro fessor Worcester engineered, was announced the Americans inquired as to the whereabouts of the people's choice and were in- ciple, Aubron Herbert, who is versed in the mind and beliefs of the master, has spoken out regarding the question In a letter issued to-day. He writes quite in the vein of an American anti imperialist, and says: "We have come to this point that the Government is looked on as the owner of everything in a country, in cluding the minds and consciences, bodies and material possessions, and with almost Eastern resignation we al low it, unchallenged and unquestioned, to do what it likes with us. "Suppose the Government succeeds in committing us to this war. Then when we are engaged in shooting down a race who have many real virtues, and whose faults are chiefly the old-time faults of narrowness, prejudice and that be lief in privilege which has existed everywhere in every nation from the days of 'the Greeks, who rested their; republic on slavery, up to our own day; suppose it should gradually dawn upon us that the shooting down of these men was a bit of unnecessary murder, just one more blood-stained blunder in the game which our restless and unscrup ulous politicians play?" ARREST OF GENERAL MERCIER EXPECTED DREYFUS' FOE HAS NOT FLED FROM RENNES Rumor That the Government Has Decided to Take Him Into Custody. DE CLAM IX DANGER — — Believed to Have Given to a News- paper a document of the Secret Dossier. Special Dispatch to The Call. — /p EN NES, Aug. 28—Gen- Jf\ eral Mercier was present as usual in the front row of witnesses' seats when the fourth week of the court-martial trial of Captain Dreyfus was begun this morning. M. Ja fay-Laval, the draughtsman whose testimony was begun Saturday, continued with the aid of a blackboard his refuta tion of the argument of M. Ber tillon. RENNES. Aug. 27.— The Government has decided to prosecute the Eclaire for the publication of the •"Canaille de D " documents, one of the docu ments secretly communicated to the Dreyfus court-martial of 1894. and whiph has been shown not to refer to Captain Dreyfus at all. The object of the Gov ernment is to discover who communi cated it to Eclaire. The assumption is that the communication was made by Colonel Dv Paty de Clam, or possibly by General Gonse. The publication oc jarred three years >, but under the aw prosecution may be maintained at any time during the following five years. ', , . - --.. The Government has issued orders for the prosecution of a contributor to the Eclaire and M. Hassard, director of the Patrie. The former will be charged with having printed a perversion of the "Canaille de D " document as "that beast of a Dreyfus is really becoming too exacting." A semi-official note issued this even ing ' makes the following announce ment: "The statistical section of the general staff bureau at the war office no longer concerns itself with espionage ques tions, which are now properly confined to the detective service. The statistical section is especially concerned with the relations of the war office to French military attaches abroad." This evening it was rumored that the Government has decided to arrest Gen eral Mercier, but the rumor is not con firmed. Last evening a report was in circula- I formed that he was in prison at Bill- I bid, where the authorities had placed him on suspicion cf being a revolution- ist. He was released and installed as i Mayor. Such events and conditions tend to give color to the assertions of foreign residents acquainted with the native character, .who insist that a great ma jority of the natives sympathize with the insurgents and elect officials whom they know to be revolutionists. For two weeks Manila has been po liced at night with unusual vigilance. Apparently the authorities are expect inl, trouble. The trend of affairs tends to make the policy of leniency unpopular among the Americans. When the Filipinos aban doned Morong they burned the whole town. Colonel Smith of the Twelfth In fantry, who is in command at Angeles, I is skeptical regarding Filipino friend- j ship. Instead of allowing the natives to return to the town as heretofore, he | has ordered his troops to shoot all men ■ trying to pass the lines and to turn back the women and children. He re- • cently gave the amigos in the town an opportunity to prove their professed ' friendship, putting them at. work dig ging trenches and cleaning streets, but ; this only displeased them. The foremost citizen- of Angeles, a : lawyer who had welcomed the Ameri cans with a great show of cordiality, was found communicating with the in surgents. The Americans promptly marched him off to San Fernando to stand trial. THORITE TO BE USED AGAINST FILIPINOS WASHINGTON. Aug. 27.— 50 satisfac tory have been the results of experi ments made with thorite, the new high explosive, that it will be recommended by the Board of Ordnance and Fortifica tions for use in the Philippine campaign. General Miles told me this afternoon it probably would be so employed. Being president of the board, the gen eral has paid close attention to high ex plosives and has given especial considera tion to thorite. Up to this time it; has successfully undergone the various trials to which it has been subjected. It will explode according to official reports, only by means of a detonator, and then only when confined. A quantity of thorite can be distributed on a hard surface and struck with a hammer and will not ex plode It is not inflammable. If placed upon a hot surface it will merely burn into a crisp. A red-hot poker placed in the "explosive will only burn the grains with which it comes into contact and the fire will not spread to the rest of the substance. Two 10-inch shells _ loaded with the explosive were fired . through a 5-inch plate and failed to explode. When discharged by means of a de GUARDING THE HOME OF MME. DREYFUS. rious kinds of secret service agents are constantly stationed around the dwelling to prevent violence being done to the wife ofthe prisoner. tion that General Mercier ha" fled to j the Island of Jersey, but this story ; proved to be without foundation. Early this morning the gendarmes were still posted outside of the residence of Gen eral St. Germain, military commander of this district, "with whom General Mercier has been staying during the trial. Their presence indicated that he was still there, and in reply to ques tions they declare that they had not seen him leave the grounds. This afternoon he was undoubtedly at home, although he declined to re ceive callers. No one who has studied his character and methods believes that General Mercier would flee at the pros pect of arrest. He has altogether too much doggedness in his composition.' General St. Germain's house is in one of the suburbs of Rennes. SHOWS THE FALLACIES OF BERTILLON'S SYSTEM NEW TORK. Aug. 27.— World cable from Rennes says: The World corres ; pondent was Invited this afternoon to at i tend a private refutation of M. Bertillon's i system, by which he claims to identify t tonator the explosive is of the first ' order, breaking the steel walls of the shell into small particles. All of these advantages have caused j the board to regard thorite with con l siderable interest. When Secretary Root visits the Sandy Hook proving grounds [on Thursday he may witness another trial of the explosive. The great value of a high explosive ; which may be safely fired from high- power guns has long been appreciated by military- men. The twelve dynamite guns which will be shipped this week to Manila are excellent in their way, but it is believed that, working in conjunc tion with high-power guns throwing thorite, the moral effect, not to mention the death and destruction they will deal, will have a salutary effect upon the Fili j pinos. OTIS IS MERCIFUL TO CONDEMNED MEN WASHINGTON. Aug. 27.— A report just received by, the War Department from General Otis gives details of the court- martial proceedings In a number of cases. In one case three officers of the Span- ish army in charge of the Presidio of Ma nila were used of embezzling large amounts. The commandant. of the Presi | dio, Carlos Aymerich, was acquitted, but Captain Zorita was found guilty of em bezzling J10.54S and Adjutant Ruiz was found guilty of embezzling a like amount. They were sentenced to con- finement at hard labor for three years, but General Otis reduced the sentence to six months, owing to the confinement they had already served. one of the Spanish prisoners of war, Rafael Albert, was convicted of having brutally mur dered another soldier and was sentenced to be hanged. The sentence was disap proved on technical grounds and the Spanish soldier continues to be held a prisoner of war. . •. v One of the court-martial cases gives the acquittal of* an American volunteer officer and several soldiers on the charge of having looted a house at Hollo and taking furniture and crockery, silver ware, jewelry, etc., at the time of the occupation or the city. In another case a Filipino native was found guilty of kill- ing a Chinese and sentenced to be hanged, but General Otis disapproved the finding. General Otis in general order No. 9 di- rects that the troops give particular at- tention to furnishing full protection to the lives and property of all German in- habitants of the islands. As the Consul of Germany is looking to the security of the Swiss, Austrian, Italian and Portu- fuese residents, Injunction was given to urnish similar protection to these peo ple. * - General Otis' desire to prevent disorder within Manila is shown by frequent orders. In one order the troops are warned against the seizing of horses, car- riages or other property. The burning of houses is 1 strictly prohibited, unless the same are used, to shelter the enemy or as places <of r concealment for contraband of war. General Otis states "the lives of the inhabitants, natives and foreigners, will be protected and they will be permitted to pursue their ordinary" vocations with out molestation or harm." • ■■•*'.-. "-. :■*':- ■■-■"*.■.•-;■•■-■;:■.- .22y : , .. . • .-. -.._■ any handwriting: with mathematical cer tainty, and by which he proved to his own intense satisfaction that Dreyfus wrote the bordereau. Th" man to demonstrate Bertillon's scientific imbecility was M. Bernard, in vited to Rennes by Maitre Demange, who has long b«en acquainted with *M. Ber nard's brilliant faculty for mathematical analysis, that will add immensely to the effect of his. work. His demonstration this afternoon astonished all present. By very simple means he showed exactly and thor oughly lust where lie the fundamental er rors of M. Bertillon's system. Moreover, M. Bernard exposed the fact that all of M. Bertillon's measures ap plied to the bordereau have* been falsified. all his calculations misinterpreted, all his plates and photographic enlargements slightly doctored in order that they may fit certain arbitrary rules. Nothing but the very fullest report can give an idea of how thoroughly M. Ber nard smashes M. Bertillon, Unless Gen eral Mercier's arrest should come like a thunderbolt to him, M. Bertillon will surely fight with the fury of a maniac for his hobby. The duel between M. Bernard and M. Bertillon will be the feature of the trial to-morrow, and from what I have seen to-day the chances ar*? that the sitting will be gay.*&|Sßßl DREYFUS PROSECUTION'S WEAKNESS EXPOSED NEW YORK. Aug. 27.— A Journal cable CHILDREN PERISH IN A BURNING CONVENT Many Lives Known to Have Been Lost During a Conflagration That Razed St. Anne's at Sparkill, N. Y. SPABKILL, N. V., Aug. 28.— this morning destroyed St. Anne's Convent here, and it is reported that many children have been burned to death. There were upward of 500 occupants in the building when the fire broke out. NEW YORK, Aug. 2S. — A special to the "World from Nyack says: Fire was discovered in the large boys' and girls* orphan asylum connected with St. Ann's Convent at Sparkill, Orange County, at 1 a. m. to-day (Mon day), but not before the entire structure, a frame building, was wrapped in flames. Many of the inmates (children) were burned or suffocated, it was reported early this mor: The exact number of the dead could not be told at 3:15 a. m., when the first dispatches reached this city. George A. Martine of Sparkill, one of those who first discovered' the fire, telephoned to Nyack for assistance. Mazeppa engine company respond ed from that place. Eight doctors went to the asylum from Nyack. A request for aid was telephoned to Piedmont. Empire Engine Com pany was dispatched from Piedmont to the scene of the fire. Piedmont is this side of Nyack and both engines with their complements of fire-fighters ar rived at about the same time. The asylum, which is conducted by the Sisters of Mercy, held about 1000 children. It was a long frame building, three stories high. The flames were not discovered until the whole building was one mass of fire. The children had a scant chance for escape. The secens at the conflagration were heartrending. The children, clad in their night robes, could be seen falling backward into the furnace of flame and smoke, while the shrieks of the dying could be heard above the crackle of the devouring flames. Some of the children were crippled for life by Jumping from the windows. Many of the Sisters were injured, while others lost their lives heroically while trying to rescue their charges. Although the service of the fire apparatus from neighboring places had been promptly rendered, the engines arrived too late to be effective in sav ing life or property. The fire started oh the upper floor of the three-story building. Nearly 300 of the occupants of the convent occupied rooms on this floor and all the dormitories were lighted with kerosene lamps. There is little doubt that the fire was caused by the explosion of one of these lamps. The fire spread rapidly upward and burned through the shingle roof of the building in two places. At the time of discovery the fire had made such progress that the Sis ters could not -awaken the hundreds of children under their care, mar shal them in order and march them from the building, .as was their practice in the fire drills. Many of the little victims were suffocated in their sleep. PKICE FIVE CENTS. FOOD FOR GUERIN. PARIS. Aug. 27.— The anti- Semites assert they are convey ing food supplies by an under ground passage to Jules Guerin and his beleaguered companions in the Rue Chambrol. To-day a man was arrested for attacking the Republican Guards stationed in that thoroughfare. The troops on the cordons have been in creased, but otherwise there has been no change in the situation since yesterday. from Paris says: Albert Clemenceau. lawyer, politician, writer and brother of Georges Clemenceau, said to-day: "Thus far the trial has been used as a vehicle for personal justifications. Ob viously most of thg_ witnesses- -felt the necessity of justifying themselves before the public, and frequently in a vain effort to do this have lost sight of the main issue. /-.'.'■ "Ip to the present the obvious Scotch verdict 'not proven' applies to the case. The only result thus far is to show the weakness of the prosecution and perhaps settle both parties more violently in their respective attitudes. "The court, being composed of laymen. approaches the case In a different mental state from lawyers. Laymen admit senti ment to cases. Lawyers invariably ward off all that is immaterial to the question at issue. If this principle were applied to the evidence adduced at Rennes a microscope would be needed to find what remains. "If Dreyfus be fairly tried by the exist ing legal machinery the trial should satisfy all. Dreyfus is legally Innocent until legally proven guilty. Thus far there is no such proof. Should he be recon demned the Court of Cassation can again review the law of the case and decide if there has been any legal Informality in the trial." __^___^^^___ Sewer Contract Let WATSONVILLE, Aug. 27.— The con tract for the construction of the Watson ville sewer was awarded last evening to Besler & Co., for $12,379.