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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, August 28, 1899, Image 1

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Cossacks Forcibly Eject English Workingmen
From Disputed Land at Hankow,
in Cliina.
... T
C^HANGHAI, Aug. 27. As tht outcome of a dispute rcgard
•k3 *w£ the ownership of some lands at Hankow, on the Yangtse-
Kiang, about 700 miles from the sea, which were purchased
in 1863 by the concern of Jar dine, Matheson & Co., but were sub
sequently included in ihe new concessions to Russia, the owners,
under the advice and protection of Mr. Hurst, the British Consul,
sent workmen to fence in the tract.
After the work was begun a dozen Cossacks from thf Russian
consulate appeared on the scene and forcibly ejected the workmen.
The captain of the British second-class gunboat JVoodlark,
especially designed for service on the river, after consulting with
Mr. Hurst, landed a party of bluejackets and moved the JVoodlark
within firing distance of the Russian consulate. For a time a fight
seemed imminent, but nothing further occurred. The bluejackets
arc now guarding the property.
The British third-class gunboat Esk has been dispatched to
Hankow from this port. Great Britain is evidently determined to
uphold British rights.
Position of the United States Relative
to Status of the Philippines and
Foreign Countries.
WASHINGTON. Aug. 27.— While holding
that the acquisition of the Philippine
irchipelago by the United States abro
gated all treaties between Spain and other
:ountries relating to the islands, the
imhorities propose to place no restriction
is to trade upon the citizens of any other
The interview- with E. Spencer Pratt,
Interview with E. Spencer Pratt,
'ormerly Consul General at Singapore, in
egard to the treaties between Spain Ger
many and Great Britain relative to the
sulu archipelago has again called the at
ention of the authorities to these instru
-npnrs_ I*nrier the treat y of liSo. which
CALCUTTA, Aug. 27.— The
Government, according to a
Government, according to a
Calcutta newspaper, usual-
Calcutta newspaper, usual-
ly informed, has asked the British
lx informed, has asked the British
India Nazngation Company what
India Navigation Company v
transports will be available for
transports will be available for
Government use in the rccnt of
eminent use in the event of
war in the Transvaal.
war in the Transvaal.
LONDON, Aug. 27.— There ls little
LONDON. Aug. 27.— There is little
fresh news from South Africa, but it is
announced that the Governor of Natal
has refused to allow the transit of
empty cartridge cases intended for the
The Pretoria correspondent of the
Daily Chronicle declares that President
Kruger's concessions are so far-reach-
ing that it is doubtful whether the
burghers will ratify them. He thinks
it more likely that they will demand
Mr. Kruger's resignation and the ap
pointment of a younger man, probably
Schalk W. Burger, a non-official mem-
ber of the Legislative Council of the
All the morning papers comment
on the seriousness of the situation as
revealed on Saturday at Birmingham
by the speech of Joseph Chamberlain,
Secretary of State for the Colonies.
The Daily Telegraph calls the speech
"An informal ultimatum."
The Standard says it marks the most
critical stage yet reached.
The Daily News observes: "We can-
not but suppose that such grave words
were well weighed beforehand."
The Times says: "Such a delicate sit-
uation cannot be protracted. We be
lieve that within the last few days the
final arrangements of the general direc
tion of the expedition, which will be
necessary in the event of a rupture,
have been completed at the war office.
It is scarcely necessary to point out
the extreme danger of allowing en
trance into South Africa of arms which
The San Francisco Call.
Incorporated among its provisions articles
of the protocol of 1577, it was provided
that commerce and direct traffic of ves
sels ■: subjects of Great Britain, Ger
many and other powers with the archi
pelago of Jolo and in all parts tnereof
should be free, together with the right of
fishing. Pending receipt of full informa
tion from Brigadier General Eates, who
recently negotiated the treaty with the
Sultan of the archipelago as to the en
gagements he has made, the authorities
propose to permit matters to continue as
they were under Spanish dominion.
Troops Coming Here
CINCINNATI. Aug. 27.— The Thirty-first
Regiment, United States Volunteer In
fantry, is now en route to San Francisco.
Two sections of troops got off last night
and the remainder got off to-day in two
sections, followed by a baggage train,
making five sections in all. They expect
to arrive at San Francisco by September
I. Only four men were left in the hosDi-
vouid be likely to fall into the hands
>f the black population, exceeding the
vhite fourfold."
Shooting Down of Beers Placed in the
Light of Unnecessary-
NEW YORK, Aug. 27.— A Journal ca
ble from London says Herbert Spencer
is known to have views that arestrong
1>- opposed by those of the British Gov
ernment regarding the advisability of a
coercion policy in the Transvaal. Thus
far, however, all efforts that have been
made by his radical friends to place be
fore the public an authorized opinion
on the subject from England's greatest
thinker have been unavailing.
Mr. Spencer can easily plead the
breakdown of his health as a good rea
son for not again entering Into a pub
lic controversy, but his friend and dis
Otis Still Too Lenient in
Otis Still Too Lenient in
• Dealing With Natives
of Luzon.
Colonel of the Twelfth Orders That
All Men Who Attempt to Pass
the Lines Be Shot.
— *. —
Special Dispatch to The Call.
*»- ♦
-t- +
♦ VIENNA, At;*-. 27.— The Poli- ♦
♦ tische Correspondenz says that a . ♦
♦ deputation of Ameri n mer- •*
*♦■ chants from Manila has gone to ■+
+ Washington to promote a scheme ♦
*♦ for ceding the Philippines to ♦
**♦• Creat Britain. ■*■
'" '.+'.:' +
+ + + ++-r ++++++ +++ + +
MANILA. Aug. 22, via Hongkong,
Aug. 27. — Recent events have
proved somewhat discouraging
to officials who are trying to
accompany war with a policy
of conciliation. Two new municipal
governments have collapsed through
the treachery of the Mayors.
To-day the Mayor of San Pedro Ma
. cate, who was. elected by the people
! under the direction of Professor Dean
Worcester of the united States Advis
ory Commission of the Philippines, was
brought to Manila and lodged in jail.
The United States officers at San Pe
dro Macate found that he was using his
office as a recruiting station for the
Philippine army. Four disguised in
surgent officers were helping him. The
Mayor of Baliuag was also arrested
and confined in the same prison. The
Americans caught him passing between
the line of the two armies with incrim
inating documents, which the authori
ties secured. Another prominent na
tive Mayor is under surveillance.
When the result of the election at
Imus, which General Lawton and Pro
fessor Worcester engineered, was
announced the Americans inquired
as to the whereabouts of the
people's choice and were in-
ciple, Aubron Herbert, who is versed
in the mind and beliefs of the master,
has spoken out regarding the question
In a letter issued to-day. He writes
quite in the vein of an American anti
imperialist, and says:
"We have come to this point that
the Government is looked on as the
owner of everything in a country, in
cluding the minds and consciences,
bodies and material possessions, and
with almost Eastern resignation we al
low it, unchallenged and unquestioned,
to do what it likes with us.
"Suppose the Government succeeds in
committing us to this war. Then when
we are engaged in shooting down a race
who have many real virtues, and whose
faults are chiefly the old-time faults
of narrowness, prejudice and that be
lief in privilege which has existed
everywhere in every nation from the
days of 'the Greeks, who rested their;
republic on slavery, up to our own day;
suppose it should gradually dawn upon
us that the shooting down of these men
was a bit of unnecessary murder, just
one more blood-stained blunder in the
game which our restless and unscrup
ulous politicians play?"
Rumor That the Government
Has Decided to Take Him
Into Custody.
— —
Believed to Have Given to a News-
paper a document of the
Secret Dossier.
Special Dispatch to The Call.

/p EN NES, Aug. 28—Gen-
Jf\ eral Mercier was present
as usual in the front row of
witnesses' seats when the fourth
week of the court-martial trial of
Captain Dreyfus was begun this
morning. M. Ja fay-Laval, the
draughtsman whose testimony was
begun Saturday, continued with
the aid of a blackboard his refuta
tion of the argument of M. Ber
RENNES. Aug. 27.— The Government
has decided to prosecute the Eclaire for
the publication of the •"Canaille de
D " documents, one of the docu
ments secretly communicated to the
Dreyfus court-martial of 1894. and whiph
has been shown not to refer to Captain
Dreyfus at all. The object of the Gov
ernment is to discover who communi
cated it to Eclaire. The assumption
is that the communication was made by
Colonel Dv Paty de Clam, or possibly
by General Gonse. The publication oc
jarred three years >, but under the
aw prosecution may be maintained at
any time during the following five
years. '„, , . - --..
The Government has issued orders
for the prosecution of a contributor to
the Eclaire and M. Hassard, director of
the Patrie. The former will be charged
with having printed a perversion of the
"Canaille de D " document as "that
beast of a Dreyfus is really becoming
too exacting."
A semi-official note issued this even
ing ' makes the following announce
"The statistical section of the general
staff bureau at the war office no longer
concerns itself with espionage ques
tions, which are now properly confined
to the detective service. The statistical
section is especially concerned with the
relations of the war office to French
military attaches abroad."
This evening it was rumored that the
Government has decided to arrest Gen
eral Mercier, but the rumor is not con
Last evening a report was in circula-
I formed that he was in prison at Bill- I
bid, where the authorities had placed
him on suspicion cf being a revolution-
ist. He was released and installed as i
Such events and conditions tend to
give color to the assertions of foreign
residents acquainted with the native
character, .who insist that a great ma
jority of the natives sympathize with
the insurgents and elect officials whom
they know to be revolutionists.
For two weeks Manila has been po
liced at night with unusual vigilance.
Apparently the authorities are expect
inl, trouble.
The trend of affairs tends to make the
policy of leniency unpopular among the
Americans. When the Filipinos aban
doned Morong they burned the whole
town. Colonel Smith of the Twelfth In
fantry, who is in command at Angeles, I
is skeptical regarding Filipino friend- j
ship. Instead of allowing the natives
to return to the town as heretofore, he |
has ordered his troops to shoot all men ■
trying to pass the lines and to turn
back the women and children. He re- •
cently gave the amigos in the town an
opportunity to prove their professed '
friendship, putting them at. work dig
ging trenches and cleaning streets, but ;
this only displeased them.
The foremost citizen- of Angeles, a :
lawyer who had welcomed the Ameri
cans with a great show of cordiality,
was found communicating with the in
surgents. The Americans promptly
marched him off to San Fernando to
stand trial.
WASHINGTON. Aug. 27.— 50 satisfac
tory have been the results of experi
ments made with thorite, the new high
explosive, that it will be recommended
by the Board of Ordnance and Fortifica
tions for use in the Philippine campaign.
General Miles told me this afternoon it
probably would be so employed.
Being president of the board, the gen
eral has paid close attention to high ex
plosives and has given especial considera
tion to thorite. Up to this time it; has
successfully undergone the various trials
to which it has been subjected. It will
explode according to official reports, only
by means of a detonator, and then only
when confined. A quantity of thorite can
be distributed on a hard surface and
struck with a hammer and will not ex
plode It is not inflammable. If placed
upon a hot surface it will merely burn
into a crisp. A red-hot poker placed in
the "explosive will only burn the grains
with which it comes into contact and
the fire will not spread to the rest of the
substance. Two 10-inch shells _ loaded
with the explosive were fired . through a
5-inch plate and failed to explode.
When discharged by means of a de
rious kinds of secret service agents are constantly stationed around the dwelling to prevent violence being done to
the wife ofthe prisoner.
tion that General Mercier ha" fled to j
the Island of Jersey, but this story ;
proved to be without foundation. Early
this morning the gendarmes were still
posted outside of the residence of Gen
eral St. Germain, military commander
of this district, "with whom General
Mercier has been staying during the
trial. Their presence indicated that he
was still there, and in reply to ques
tions they declare that they had not
seen him leave the grounds.
This afternoon he was undoubtedly
at home, although he declined to re
ceive callers. No one who has studied
his character and methods believes that
General Mercier would flee at the pros
pect of arrest. He has altogether too
much doggedness in his composition.'
General St. Germain's house is in one
of the suburbs of Rennes.
NEW TORK. Aug. 27.— World cable
from Rennes says: The World corres
; pondent was Invited this afternoon to at
i tend a private refutation of M. Bertillon's
i system, by which he claims to identify
t tonator the explosive is of the first
' order, breaking the steel walls of the
shell into small particles.
All of these advantages have caused
j the board to regard thorite with con
l siderable interest. When Secretary Root
visits the Sandy Hook proving grounds
[on Thursday he may witness another
trial of the explosive.
The great value of a high explosive
; which may be safely fired from high-
power guns has long been appreciated
by military- men. The twelve dynamite
guns which will be shipped this week to
Manila are excellent in their way, but
it is believed that, working in conjunc
tion with high-power guns throwing
thorite, the moral effect, not to mention
the death and destruction they will deal,
will have a salutary effect upon the Fili
j pinos.
WASHINGTON. Aug. 27.— A report just
received by, the War Department from
General Otis gives details of the court-
martial proceedings In a number of
In one case three officers of the Span-
ish army in charge of the Presidio of Ma
nila were used of embezzling large
amounts. The commandant. of the Presi
| dio, Carlos Aymerich, was acquitted, but
Captain Zorita was found guilty of em
bezzling J10.54S and Adjutant Ruiz was
found guilty of embezzling a like
amount. They were sentenced to con-
finement at hard labor for three years,
but General Otis reduced the sentence to
six months, owing to the confinement
they had already served. one of the
Spanish prisoners of war, Rafael Albert,
was convicted of having brutally mur
dered another soldier and was sentenced
to be hanged. The sentence was disap
proved on technical grounds and the
Spanish soldier continues to be held a
prisoner of war. . •. v
One of the court-martial cases gives
the acquittal of* an American volunteer
officer and several soldiers on the charge
of having looted a house at Hollo and
taking furniture and crockery, silver
ware, jewelry, etc., at the time of the
occupation or the city. In another case
a Filipino native was found guilty of kill-
ing a Chinese and sentenced to be
hanged, but General Otis disapproved the
General Otis in general order No. 9 di-
rects that the troops give particular at-
tention to furnishing full protection to
the lives and property of all German in-
habitants of the islands. As the Consul
of Germany is looking to the security of
the Swiss, Austrian, Italian and Portu-
fuese residents, Injunction was given to
urnish similar protection to these peo
ple. *
- General Otis' desire to prevent disorder
within Manila is shown by frequent
orders. In one order the troops are
warned against the seizing of horses, car-
riages or other property. The burning of
houses is 1 strictly prohibited, unless the
same are used, to shelter the enemy or as
places <of r concealment for contraband of
war. General Otis states "the lives of the
inhabitants, natives and foreigners, will
be protected and they will be permitted
to pursue their ordinary" vocations with
out molestation or harm."
• ■■•*'.-. "-. :■*':- ■■-■"*.■.•-;■•■-■;:■.- .22y : , .. . • .-. -.._■
any handwriting: with mathematical cer
tainty, and by which he proved to his own
intense satisfaction that Dreyfus wrote
the bordereau.
Th" man to demonstrate Bertillon's
scientific imbecility was M. Bernard, in
vited to Rennes by Maitre Demange, who
has long b«en acquainted with *M. Ber
nard's brilliant faculty for mathematical
analysis, that will add immensely to the
effect of his. work. His demonstration this
afternoon astonished all present. By very
simple means he showed exactly and thor
oughly lust where lie the fundamental er
rors of M. Bertillon's system.
Moreover, M. Bernard exposed the fact
that all of M. Bertillon's measures ap
plied to the bordereau have* been falsified.
all his calculations misinterpreted, all his
plates and photographic enlargements
slightly doctored in order that they may
fit certain arbitrary rules.
Nothing but the very fullest report can
give an idea of how thoroughly M. Ber
nard smashes M. Bertillon, Unless Gen
eral Mercier's arrest should come like a
thunderbolt to him, M. Bertillon will
surely fight with the fury of a maniac for
his hobby.
The duel between M. Bernard and M.
Bertillon will be the feature of the trial
to-morrow, and from what I have seen
to-day the chances ar*? that the sitting
will be gay.*&|Sßßl
NEW YORK. Aug. 27.— A Journal cable
Many Lives Known to Have Been Lost
During a Conflagration That Razed St.
Anne's at Sparkill, N. Y.
SPABKILL, N. V., Aug. 28.— this morning destroyed St.
Anne's Convent here, and it is reported that many children have
been burned to death. There were upward of 500 occupants in
the building when the fire broke out.
NEW YORK, Aug. 2S. — A special to the "World from Nyack says: Fire
was discovered in the large boys' and girls* orphan asylum connected with
St. Ann's Convent at Sparkill, Orange County, at 1 a. m. to-day (Mon
day), but not before the entire structure, a frame building, was wrapped
in flames. Many of the inmates (children) were burned or suffocated, it
was reported early this mor: The exact number of the dead could not
be told at 3:15 a. m., when the first dispatches reached this city.
George A. Martine of Sparkill, one of those who first discovered' the
fire, telephoned to Nyack for assistance. Mazeppa engine company respond
ed from that place. Eight doctors went to the asylum from Nyack.
A request for aid was telephoned to Piedmont. Empire Engine Com
pany was dispatched from Piedmont to the scene of the fire. Piedmont is this
side of Nyack and both engines with their complements of fire-fighters ar
rived at about the same time.
The asylum, which is conducted by the Sisters of Mercy, held about 1000
children. It was a long frame building, three stories high. The flames were
not discovered until the whole building was one mass of fire. The children
had a scant chance for escape.
The secens at the conflagration were heartrending. The children, clad in
their night robes, could be seen falling backward into the furnace of flame
and smoke, while the shrieks of the dying could be heard above the crackle
of the devouring flames. Some of the children were crippled for life by
Jumping from the windows. Many of the Sisters were injured, while others
lost their lives heroically while trying to rescue their charges.
Although the service of the fire apparatus from neighboring places had
been promptly rendered, the engines arrived too late to be effective in sav
ing life or property. The fire started oh the upper floor of the three-story
building. Nearly 300 of the occupants of the convent occupied rooms on this
floor and all the dormitories were lighted with kerosene lamps. There is
little doubt that the fire was caused by the explosion of one of these lamps.
The fire spread rapidly upward and burned through the shingle roof of the
building in two places.
At the time of discovery the fire had made such progress that the Sis
ters could not -awaken the hundreds of children under their care, mar
shal them in order and march them from the building, .as was their practice
in the fire drills. Many of the little victims were suffocated in their sleep.
PARIS. Aug. 27.— The anti-
Semites assert they are convey
ing food supplies by an under
ground passage to Jules Guerin
and his beleaguered companions
in the Rue Chambrol. To-day a
man was arrested for attacking
the Republican Guards stationed
in that thoroughfare. The troops
on the cordons have been in
creased, but otherwise there has
been no change in the situation
since yesterday.
from Paris says: Albert Clemenceau.
lawyer, politician, writer and brother of
Georges Clemenceau, said to-day:
"Thus far the trial has been used as a
vehicle for personal justifications. Ob
viously most of thg_ witnesses- -felt the
necessity of justifying themselves before
the public, and frequently in a vain effort
to do this have lost sight of the main
issue. /-.'.'■
"Ip to the present the obvious Scotch
verdict 'not proven' applies to the case.
The only result thus far is to show the
weakness of the prosecution and perhaps
settle both parties more violently in their
respective attitudes.
"The court, being composed of laymen.
approaches the case In a different mental
state from lawyers. Laymen admit senti
ment to cases. Lawyers invariably ward
off all that is immaterial to the question
at issue. If this principle were applied
to the evidence adduced at Rennes a
microscope would be needed to find what
"If Dreyfus be fairly tried by the exist
ing legal machinery the trial should
satisfy all. Dreyfus is legally Innocent
until legally proven guilty. Thus far there
is no such proof. Should he be recon
demned the Court of Cassation can again
review the law of the case and decide if
there has been any legal Informality in
the trial." __^___^^^___
Sewer Contract Let
WATSONVILLE, Aug. 27.— The con
tract for the construction of the Watson
ville sewer was awarded last evening to
Besler & Co., for $12,379.

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