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VOLUME LXXXVI— NO 100.
BENARD PLANS FOR BERKELEY A UNIVERSITY WITHOUT RIVAL GREAT CONTEST ENDED | KHO^O+O^OK ♦O^O+C ♦ O ♦ <>♦©♦© Mrs. Phebe Hearst's Splendid Prize Has Been Awarded. Four American Architects Divide the Remaining Honors of Comp etition and Receive Rewards. THE International contest for th< Phebe Hearst architectural plar for the University of California has ended. A'fr a competltloi in which the leading arch 11 ot ih<- world took part the prize has beer awarded tp R Benard of Paris. Nev< i in the history of the world has then bixn such n contest a^d in the opir.ioi of the greatest Ilvirifr architects no where in the world is there such ar !<l<^:il university as has been plannec for TVi Ut-iey. It remains now to deter mine xvrtethor ov not the gorgeous de s'rn of tfcr Ffercri architect shall tak<: for'rn in ihr beautiful college town. It vil! tnliH millions upon millions ol dollars to make; the picture what it if inter.d-d in represent, and another it."-. -, r. t •<.'!' may lie the firrt to* see the archi'trct's dn»am a reality. Bat the gigantic arid dazzling project has be gun ar.d its promoters say that millions of dollar^ are already promised for its accomplishment! The pian is nothing Jess thtin stupendous.. It involves the removal of every building on the uni versity grounds ar.u the creation of a new city of learning which will stretch fmm the top of Grizzly Peak down the heights and past the present campus. Provision Is made for every con ceivable department of learning from a theater to a gymnasium, and in the bewildering prospect the thought of beauty has prevailed. There is not In the world euch another university. In beauty of location, adaptability of buildings to their uses, in grouping and in artistic effects the design of the French master presents a picture that hr.r no counterpart. This result, which may give to Cali fornia an everlasting monument, is the work of Mrs. PI ■ ■■■ Hearst. It was sho who inaugurated he contest and now pledges a princely fortune to achieve a substantial result. It was Mrs. Hearst who brought the master archi tects at the world into Eh< sternest" of competitions and one that was without parallel. The victor in yesterday's award may say that twice ho met the lead architects of all countries and twice he won. More than this, the re gents of the University of California, to whom the plan will be submitted, r.ir say that they have before them the best that the civilized world can pro duce in architecture. As already described the plan to se cure an Ideal university for Berkeley was without parallel. Mrs. Hearst be gan it early two years ago Large sums of money were expended in pre liminary work. Experts were sent to Europe to -study different universities and to invite interest In the new and gigantic project. Pamphlets were cir culated in the Uuited States and sent BENARD DESIGN FOR THE NEW/ UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA. The San Francisco Call. to Germany, England. France and Italy, and eminent architects were in vited to compete in designing a perfect university for Berkeley. The missionary work was well done. The leading architects of the world en tered the field, for the prize of money was worth the winning and the pros pect of new honors worth the trial. Ninety-eight eminent architects sub mitted signs, which on September 30. IS9S, were submitted to a jury at Ant werp. This jury, competent to judge, worked by elimination and after the first trial only forty-four designs re mained. Fifty-four had been rejected, so searching and exacting had been the standard of. excellence. After the second trial only twenty one designs remained as eligible. Then there was a third examina tion and only the creations of eleven architects escaped the fire. It was re markable that all of 'these designs' re ceived the unanimous approval of the jury. These eleven plans were brought to this city and it Is from them that the jury has drawn thai of Benard as the best. His victory has been well won. His v, irk. under the fire of every pos sible criticism, should be the best that the world can give. It Is a signal tri umph for French architecture. Benard's design being adjudged the finest of. the eleven in the final contest was awarded the first prize of $10,000. All the other prize winners are Ameri cans, although graduates of the French school of architecture. They are: Howeris. Stokes .v Ilornbostel. New York, second, $4000; Despardelles & Stephen Codman, Boston, third, $3000; Howard & Cauldwell, New York, fourth, $2000; Lord. Hewlett & Hull, New York, fifth. $1000. The jury has not yet completed its report of the work, but this will be finished to-day or to-morrow and will be filed » with, the_^ university regents, bffore if i? made public. The report will discuss at great length the merits, demerits, faults and fine points of all the plans submitted. The outcome of the contest is looked upon as a decided triumph for the French school of art. No fault is found with the jury's award. The members worked conscientiously and were not swayed in their judgment by partiality or bias. As a matter of fact even if they were inclined that way there was no opportunity for unfairness in mak ing the • awards. None of the plans bore the names of the designers and the coats of arms were covered and sealed and were not exposed Until the jury had reached its final decision. Many things were taken into consid eration in making .the decision — the grouping of the different buildings, the SAX FRAIS CISCO, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 1899. MONSIEUR E. BENARD, THE WINNNER. Monsleur Benard, whose plans for the new Stai.- University were awarded the first prize by the jury of archi tects, was born ai Goderville, Department of the Lower Seine, France, in 1844. He is a diplomat Eeole de Beaux Arts and holder of the Grand Prix de Rome. He Ins been piominently identified with some of the greatest modern archi tectural undertakings of France. variety of design and their adaptability to the present university site. The Benard plans present marvelous perfection. None of the other designs ipproach them in the qualification! nentioned. They are foi a series 01 itrucfures commencftig weßt of th» •resent campus and extending to th< limit of the university property and far up f> the summit of Grizzly Peak, where the proposed observatory euild lng is to be located. A /Magnificent City of Learning Is Finally Designed. Millions of Dollars and Years of Time yv\*jst Be Given to Make a Brilliant Dream a Reality. In making his designs Eenard has utilized to the very best advantage the grounds as they are; that is. he has preserved the contour of the property :as much as possible. The jury consid ! ered that a decidedly favorable . jas the excavations proposed in some i of the plans would have been extreme ly expensive and would have destroyed many of the beauties of the surround ings. Even the oak trees and! the lit tle streams in the iniversity grounda have been taken Into consideration by j Mr. Benard, and his buildings ai arranged that none of them will b turbed. In the main the sty!.- of archi tecture adopted is modern, but oat terned after the classics. Mr. Benard was inspired by and followed closely upon classic lines. He has leaned somewhat to the Roman lonic order. Opening off University avenue is the great court, which the architect des ignates the Fin>- Arts Square. Around this he has grouped the educational buildings, strictly speaking. To the south are the theaters, two in number, and structures of imposing design. East of the Fine Arts Square at the end of an avenue upon which face the ancient and modern history. English, the library, the administration buildin-r and the department of jurisprudence, is the athletic field, backed up by the ath letic hall and gymnasium. At the sides of the athletic court are the tribunes, and the gymnasium is a most beautiful structure. North of th? ath letic building and east is the military department. These buildings are so lo cated that crowds can pass to and from the athletic section without going through the main grounds. Up on the rising ground toward Griz zly Peak are located the natural his tory group — the -departments of zoo logy, botany and similar branches. A museum of zoology is included in the group. The observatory i : located at the top of Grizzly Pef>k and is a prom inent feature of the plans. Down in the park where the hot houses now stand the architect has placed a number of smal' dwellings, presumably for the use of members of the faculty. A 1 the other extreme of the grounds, remote from all other buildings, is the infirmary. The dormi tories are situated on the hillside and the club houses are west of the athletic field. It was the spacious opening court and the general laying out of the plan that won it favor with the jury. The arrangement of the buildings on the hill was not considered quite perfection or in any comparison with the lower groups, hut the excellence of the latter overbalanced whatever deficiencies I there were in the balance of the gen PRICE FIVE CE^TS. FRENCH GENIUS WINS J eral plan and prompted the Jury to award Mr. Benard's designs the first prize. The architect has not lost sight of the educational features of the university in making his plans. The gymnasium, military department, dormitories, club houses, etc., have been made secondary features to the main educational build ings. They are finely grouped, with plenty of provision made for expansion. While ;the dormitories are separated somewhat from the main groups they are conveniently located to both the athletic field, the gymnasium and the classical departments. Mr. Benard'a plans, aside from their merit as architectural designs, are works of art. They are all wash draw ings most artistically executed. As ,to the detail of the buildings, that is a matter of after consideration. The plans are drawn to represent stone, and* more than likely that is the material that will be used in their construction. The cost of the buildings has not been computed, but when it is taken Into consideration that the plans call fop from fifty to seventy-five structures, many of which are more imposing than any building in this city, a fair idea, may be formed of the outlay necessary, to construct the new university. Howells, Stokes & Hornbostel. whose designs won second place, worked on an entirely different idea from Mr. Bt-» nard. They gave prominence to th» dormitory. features of their plans, ,-:iv% ing these buildings bo much space that the educational departments were sad*. ly crowded. The classical buildings are placed on the plateau at the foot of the hill. The athletic section is Drac* tically placed the same as in the Be* nard plan, although they have treated in it the amphitheater form. The ar« rangement of the grounds provides fo9 two main entrances; one from Univex>« sity avenue and the other from Tele graph avenue, the main thorouglriard leading from Oakland. Mr. Howells of! this firm is son of William Dean How* ells, the novelist. Despardelles & Codman, who cams third in the contest, went outside of the limits of the university territory. They planned a university on a seal* of .grandeur that is almost appalling. Great tracts of land on both sides oC the present site are taken in and coy-« en 1 with buildings of gigantic propor tions. The fault the jurors found with these designs was that in carrying out a very artistic idea the architects divided the university by a wide pub-, lie boulevard, extending in . a semi-« circle from the end of University avenue to Telegraph avenue. This practically cut in twain the groups oC buildings. The athletic section is given