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VOLUME EXXXVI-NO. 133.
KRUGER MAKES DEMANDS WHICH GREAT BRITAIN WILL REJECT Ultimatum From the Transvaal That English Troops Be With drawn Only Hastens the Be ginning of Vv^ar. J LONDON, Oct. ll.— The Daily Mail's Cape I J Town correspondent, telegraphing Tuesday, ♦ J says a shjort and very dignified reply has 1 X been communicated to Conyoghan) Greerje, X <► trje British diplomatic agent at Pretoria, by j t Sir Alfred Milner, British High Commis- % + sicQer in South; Africa, to be rjanded to the t * Boer Government on Wednesday. * T ON DON Oct. ii.— lt can / __ not be doubted that Eng land's reply ziill be a flat rejection of President Kruger's de mands and that a quarter after J o'clock this afternoon, English time, an actual state of war will exist. Fridays Cabinet council wutl have to deal with tne military situa- j tion and Parliament will have little I - sary credits. Speculation as io the outcome of\ the crisis has now riven way in the \ _> w newspapers to c discussion of mill- j tary and strategical matters. The\ ultimatum was received in Sir Al-\ fred Milners English translation i at I o clock Tuesday morning. Str] Alfred had already notified Sir] George White, so no time was lost-, in taking the necessary steps. As the British troops continue' landing in South Africa and ad-. vancir.g io the front ii is quite pos-\ sible, according to the terms of the Boer, ultimatum, that hostilities have already commenced, as Kruger, has everything io gain by an instant ad-\ vance. Until the arrival of the] army corps it is probable that thel British will everywhere remain on tlie defensive. I speculate at the present stage, but sharp fighting is likely to occur at Mafeking. where Colonel Baden- Powell is pluckily holding his ex posed position. As the generals have decided not to attempt to hold the country north of Dundee the Boers will doubtless occupy Laings Nek and advance alone the railway to _» ward Glencoe and Dundee. These places, however, are considered quite safe against Boer attack. The Daily Chronicle this morn ing editorially "-'"_. is compelled to admit that the Boer ultimatum, unhappily worded as ii is, makes zvar unavoidable. Editorial articles in other papers generally express pity for President Kruger's precipitancy, which places F. W. REITZ, the State Secretary of the Transvaal. The San Francisco Call. (he Transvaal technically in the wrong. CAPE TOWN, Oct. io. — A dispatch from Pretoria io a Cape Town newspaper says that Com mandant Joubert has issued a no- tice to the troops in the different laagers to hold themselves in readi- ness for an immediate advance. Tlie I ransvaal, the dispatch also says, hopes to arrange to send the European mail by way of Dclagoa i BRITONS THINK BOERS HAVE MADE A MISTAKE LONDON, Oct. 10.— The ultimatum of the Transvaal Government ls naturally the absorbing topic of conversation at the clubs and in political circles to night, and the late editions of the afternoon papers, containing the text of the ultimatum, met with a good sale in the central parts of London, the newsboys doing a thriving trade on the closing of the theaters. There was no apparent excitement, however, but a general feeling was expressed that the Boers had made a mistake, as their forc ing .- ten would tend to alienate the sympathy which might have be»_ ex tended to them had they thrown the stigma of declaring war on Great Britain. The text of the Boers' ultimatum on arriving this morning was sent with all speed to Lord Salisbury, who came to lowa this evening, and a dispatch hex was sent to the Prince of Wales, which is only done In cases of special urgency. The Portuguese Minister to Great Britain. Senor Several, called at the For eign OtSce this afternoon and had an in terview with Lord Salisbury, and his visit Is naturally connected in the public mind with the alleged purchase by Great Britain of Delagoa Bay. .'- dispatch tend ing to confirm the report of this purchase comes from Lourenzo Marques. It states that the British third-class cruiser Philomel is anchored fifteen miles off the port and is supposed to be waiting the arrival of transports and warships to pilot them into the harbor. It is quite certain, however, that the transports would not go to Lourenzo Marques unless the British were about to fly their Mag over port. The Cabinet has been summoned to meet at the Foreign Office on Friday next. War preparations by Great Britain are being pushed with the greatest energy. The Woolwich arsenal has already for warded to South Africa over three million cartridges for rides and machine guns and the reservists continue to respond eagerly to the mobilization proclamation. Dr. Gavin Brown Clark, Radical mem ber of the House of Commons for Caith ness, who all along has worked hard for peace, has just received a characteristic letter of thanks from Commandant Gen eral Joubert. in which General Joubert declares that Cecil Rhodes. Dr. Jameson and Mr. Chamberlain are responsible for the mischief. He says: "The Johannesburg clique say that Mr. Chamberlain regards the existence of the Orange Free State and the Transvaal as two blots, which, as Cecil Rhodes has said, must be wiped out from the map. He seems desirous to do this with the blood of the Afrikander people and of poor British soldiers. We do not desire war. We know we are not a mat: for SAN FRANCISCO, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 11, 1899. TROOP OF~BOERS STARTING FROM SANDSPRIT FOR FRONT. f the powerful armies of Gre-at Britain and her willing colonies. We never have, been able to do anything against England's might. 'Mr. Chamberlain is try -- to drive ns Into the Red Sea. but I still hope God will speak to the kind heart, of her Majesty, the Queen, and that of her noble people, and that they will not allow this wicked Haman to cool his hatred against our Mordecai. We are convinced that Chamberlain will try* to conquer our country and we shall ■-- to prevent him. by the" help of God, to the last drop of our blood." JOUBERT IS READY TO DIE FIGHTING LONDON. Oct. 11.— News from the scene of war is still scanty. Dispatches filed on Monday are only just arriving. Com mandant General Joubert .3 credited with declaring that he would die fighting, but that the Boer forces are Inferior to the British and that nothing would save the country after the first shot was fired. President Steyn of the Orange Free State Is going to visit the western border in order to reassure and stimulate the burghers there. -Rumors are rent at Dor that the Boers have begun shooting the Ives at the mines and that ma: bodies have been seen lying on the veldt. A mysterious distribution of Mausers is occurring at Steynsburgh and other Dutch districts in the Cape Colony. A meeting of Dutch residents has been held at Sterkstrom. at which it was resolved to ask the Cape Government for arms, and in the event of refusal to apply to the Free State. Two scouts from Lobatsi rode fifteen, miles Into Transvaal territory on Sunday last and found the Boers forming a camp near the Toll River. The scouts were ob served by the Boers, who gave chase and pursued them for two miles. TOMMY ATKINS IS VERY ENTHUSIASTIC LONDON, Oct. 10.— stolidity. If not the placidity, of the English character never was better shown than it Is in Lon don to-night, when England Is face to face with war. Although it was only half-past 5 o'clock when Mr. Chamberlain's secretary gave out the first copy of the Transvaal ulti matum, an hour later every evening paper had the news. There was not a trace of the excitement attendant upon the an- nouncement of the result on the night after the first race for the America's cup. It is a fact that the enthusiasm In Lon don signally fails to compare with that . FOR THE PROTECTION ! I OF AMERICAN AND | ♦ rm ! BRITISH INTERESTS I 25 SS 1 ' > * CALLL HEADQUARTERS, WELLINGTON HOTEL, WASHINGTON". Oct. 10.— In the event of war. which officials Z, V here regard as practically certain, as a result of the Boer ultimatum, orders will be immediately cabled to the cruiser J gg Montgomery. directing her to proceed to Delagoa Bay and co-operate with the American Consul at Pretoria In the pr - _• ♦ tectlon of American Interests. ' - : v;;< ♦ *•" Rear Admiral Schley Informed Acting Secretary Allen to-day of hla .willingness to assume command of the South 8? *. Atlantic squadron whenever the department desired, and was Informed that the cruiser Chicago would be ready for sea - # * on October 25. She will proceed immediately to Delagoa Bay, and Commander Merrill, commanding the Montgomery." *-? ji will make his report to the squadron commander. The authorities appreciate that It will be impossible to send sailors eg # " and marinea into the Transvaal, but they are confident that the moral effect of the presence of men-of-war will result * _• in satisfactory treatment .being accorded American citizens, or at least the demands of the American Consul in their g§ *•■ behalf. The most embarrassing and difficult work which Consul" Macrum will have to perform will be In connection ♦ •? with the protection' of British subjects and their interests in the African republic. •* * Mr. Tower, British Charge d'Aff aires, was again at the State Department to-day. and he has no doubt as a re- * |5 suit of. his call of the intention of this Government to return the courtesy extended by " Great Britain to "American gf citizens during the war with Spain by the American' protection of British- Interests. _- i^;\ '• . ..-;-,.' gg i „+_♦_♦...-♦ which was shown i nthe smallest Ameri can city upon the nr-**.:hcfi .nent of th* war with Spain. Bot this must cot be inter preted to mean that England is not alive to the realities of the situation. The au dacity of the Transvaal's dispatch mo mentarily stunned the public, and it was only when under the glare of the music hall lights and listening to the stirring bars or the national anthem and other pa triotic airs that the effect of the mo mentary rebuff was lost in demonstrations that shook the rafters. At the ; mbra General Sir Redvers Bull er was preaent. The first bars of "Rule Britannia" brought the entire audience to its feet and for a quarter of an hour the house resounded with the choruses of national airs and with cheers. The Army and Navy Club, familiarly known as the "Rag has not -.- many a day seen such a gathering of campaigners as wa-s there to-night. Nor was the slowly aroused entnuslasm confined to the officers. At Wellington Barracks, where a battalion of Grenadiers which forms a portion of the First Army Corps had just returned from sixteen months' service on the Rock of Gibraltar, the en thusiasm knew no bounds. Seldom does Tommy Atkins permit himself the luxury of enthusiasm, but the regiment has had a long spell of dreary garrison duty and hailed the call to active service with schoolboy delight. Underneath all. however, officers, sub alt-*rns and civilians recognize the fact that the Transvaal campaign will not be a picnic, and the sober reality of this gives a stem- note to London life to night than anything that has occurred since the days of Gordon and Khar toum. The first Minister to speak publicly re garding the ultimatum was Lord James of Hereford, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, who, speaking at Aberdeen to night said: "The Government has done everything in its power to preserve peace. Appar ently, however, diplomacy is ended and the hopes of peace are virtually destroyed, and that not by the action of the Queen's Government, but by the Transvaal Gov ernment. President Kruger has sent an ultimatum. If we were to withdraw our troops at his bidding we should suffer the greatest humiliation, an.i the Govern ment would deserve to be hunted from office as craven cowards." Lord James said he had Intended, before receiving the news of the ultimatum, to take a different view of the position, but row nothing remains but to commend our cause to the God of battle and arms and to Implore his blessing upon the engage ment about to be entered upon. Lord James, whose remarks were greet ed with loud and prolonged cheers, con cluded by expressing hope that the. war would be short and humanely conducted, and when It was terminated counsels of moderation would prevail as to the way In which the enemy should be dealt with. STRINGENT DEMANDS MADE BY GREAT BRITAIN LONDON. Oct. 10.— Westminster Gazette says: "We learn from a trust | worthy . source that 'he British Govern i ment has al«*Tdt?patched a, note- containing i strinrent demands, which mo^t have \ crossed the Boer ultimatum. Diplomacy has thus said its last word, and the last word on each side is of the kind to which the other is not in the least likely to | yield." A dispatch from Durban, Natal, says: "The Gordon Highlanders and all the troops that arrived from India to-day have been ordered to Ladysmlth." The coal that was seized by the Orange Free State authorities baa been released. the officials explaining that it was seized because they thought the Transvaal mines were likely to close. . A special dispatch from Bloemfontein, the capital of the Orange Free State, notes the difficulties in . working the railroads, owing to the resignations of the employes. The Orange Free State authorities are already borrowing engineers from the Transvaal. The action of the British third-class cruiser Philomel in intercepting the Brit ish steamer Guelph. from Southampton, ' supposed to be carrying ammunition to i the Boers, and the fact that the Philomel i sailed to-day to intercept the German liner Kansler, with ammunition, go to : show that Great Britain will not permit future deliveries of ammunition to the Boers if it can be prevented. DEFIANT TONE OF THE BRITISH PRESS LONDON, Oct. li.— The Standard says: "The Transvaal's worst enemies could I hardly have supposed that its arrogance would lead it to such in extravagance. The note is written in a style which would i be offensive- If it came from a first rate power, and is inconceivably ridiculous as emanating from a trumpery little State : which exists only by Great Britain's for ! bearance." The Daily Mail says: "The Boers have doffed the mask and declared war, which their deluded supporters in England had considered so impossible. Doubtless at first we may suffer, but we suffered be fore, and In the end the Boers and their supporters will receive the punishment which their insane attempt to perpetuate yon an almost barbaric system their gov ernment in the nineteenth century most thoroughly deserves." . The Daily . News, admitting that if de termined on war Kruger Is -justified in striking while he has a chance of some Isolated successes, says: "The Boers' best friends will deplore that they have put themselves in the wrong." The Dally Telegraph says: "President Kruger has slammed the door in the face of Great Britain with all the -violence of infuriated folly. He appears to have cele brated his brithday in a manner which ULTIMATUM PRESENTED TO GREAT BRITAIN. CAPE TOWN". Oct. It.— The Transvaal Government ha? sent an ultimatum to Great Britain. LONDON, Oct. 10.— The diplomatic circumstances surrounding, the pre sentation of the Transvaal republic's ultimatum are probably without pre cedent. Ordinarily a foreign power when addressing peremptory demands to another sends them through an embassador or minister accredited to Its adversary. The Transvaal Government, however, has no diplomatic repre sentative recognized by Great Britain. Montague White, the Transvaal Consul General In London, would not be received by either the Foreign Office or the Colonial Office. Consequently, President Kruger was reduced to handing the ultimatum to Conyngham Greene at Pretoria, who In turn wired it to Sir Alfred Milner, British High Commissioner in South Africa, by whom it was retrans mitted to Mr. Chamberlain, who thus becomes' the first Secretary- of State for the Colonies to receive an ultimatum. As soon as the communication was trans lated from the cipher in which it was transmitted, Mr. Chamberlain forwarded it to the Foreign Office. The ultimatum is as follows: "Sir: The Government of the South African republic feels itself compelled to refer the Government of her Majesty, Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, once more to the convention of London of IS-S4, concluded between this re public and the United Kingdom, and which in article XIV secures certain speci fled rights to the white population of this republic, namely, that all other per sons than natives on conforming themselves to the laws of the South African Republic: 1. Will have full liberty, with their families, to enter, travel or reside in any part of the South African Republic. 2. They will be entitled to hire or possess houses, manufactories, warehouses, shops and other premises. 3. They can carry on their commerce either in person or by any agrents whom they may think fit to employ. 4. They shall not be subject, In respect of their premises or property or in respect of their commerce and industry, to any taxes other than those which are or may be imposed upon the citizens of said republic. "This Government wishes further to observe that the only rights which her Ma jesty's Government has reserved in the above convention are with regard to the Outlander population of this republic, and that a violation only of those rights could give that Government a right to diplomatic representations or in tervention; while, moreover, the regulation of all other questions affecting the position of the rights of the Outlander population under the above mentioned convention is band over to the Government and representatives of the peo ple of the South African Republic. "Among the questions the regulation of which falls exclusively within the competence of this Government and of the ". --.ad are included those of the franchise and the representation of the people in this republic, and although this exclusive right of this Government and of the Volksraad for the regula tion' of the franchise and the representation of the people is indisputable, yet this Government has found occasion to discuss, in friendly fashion, the fran chise and representation of the people with her Majesty's Government, with out, however, recognizing any right thereto on the part of her Majesty's Gov ernment. "This Government has also by the formulation of now existing franchise law and by reason, with regard to the representations, constantly held these friendly ... before its eyes. On the part of her Majesty's Government, however, the friendly nature of these discussions have assumed more and more a threatening tone, and the minds of the people of this republic and the whole of South Africa have been excited and a condition of extreme ten-don has been created owing to the fact that her Majesty's Government could no longer agree to the question respecting the franchise and the resolution respecting the repre sentation in this respect; and finally by your note of September 25, 1599. which broke off all friendly correspondence on the subject and intimated that her Ma jesty's Government must now proceed to formulate their own proposals for the final settlement. r . - v "This Government can only see in the above Intimation from her Majesty's Government a new violation of the convention of London, in ISS4, which does not reserve to her Majesty's Government the right to a unilateral settlement of a question which is exclusively a domes' one for this Government and which has already been regulated by this Government. "On account of the strained situation and the consequent serious loss in and Interruption of the trade in general, which the correspondence respecting fran chise and the representation of the people of the republic has carried in its train, her Majesty's Government had recently pressed for an early settlement and final -pressed, ty your intervention, for an answer within forty- i hours, a demand subsequently somewhat modified, to your note of September 12, replied to by the note of this Government of September 15. and to your note of Sep tember 273. ISS3, and thereafter further friend!:- negotiations were broken off, this Government receiving an intimation that a proposal for final settlement would shortly be made. "Although this premise was once more reported, the proposal up to mho has not reached this eminent. Even while this friendly correspondence was Suit going on the Increase of troops on a large scale was introduced by her Majesty's Government, the troops being stationed in the neighborhood of the borders of me republic "Having referred to recurrences In the history of this republic, which It Is un necessary here to call to mind, this republic felt obliged to regard this military force In the neighborhood of its borders as a threat against the independence of the South African republic, hence it was aware of no circumstances which would justify the presence of such a military force in South Africa, and :..e neighborhood of its borders. "In answer to an inquiry with respect thereto, an address to his Excellency, the High Commissioner, this Government received -to its great astonishment in answer a veiled Insinuation that, from the side of the republic, an attack was being made on her Majesty's Colonies, and at the same time a mysterious ref erence to possibilities, whereby this Government was strengthened in Its sus picion that the independence of this republic was being threatened. As a de fensive measure this Government was, therefore, obliged to send a portion of the burghers of this republic in order to offer requisite resistance to impossibilities. "Her Majesty's unlawful intervention In the internal affairs of this republic, in conflict with the London convention of ISS-t. by the extraordinary strength ening of her troops In the neighborhood of the borders of this republic has caused an intolerable condition of things to arise, which this Government feels itself obliged, in the interest not only of this republic but also of all South Africa, to make an end of as soon as possible, and this Government feels itself called upon and obliged to press earnestly and with emphasis for an immediate termination of this state of things and to request her Majesty's Government to give assurances upon the following four demands: First— That all points of mutual differences be regulated by friendly recourse to arbitration or by whatever amicable way that may be agreed upon by this Government and Her Majesty's Government. Second— That all troops on the borders of this repub'.ic shall be instantly withdrawn. Third— That all reinforcements of troops, which have arrived in South Africa since June 1, 1899, shall be removed from South Africa within a reasonable time, to be agreed upon with this Government, and with the mutual assurance and guarantee on the part of this Government that no attack upon or hos tilities against any portion of the possessions of the British Government shall be made by this republic during the further negotiations, within a period of time to be subsequently agreed upon between the governments: and this Government will, on compli ance therewith, be prepared to withdraw the armed burghers of this republic from the borders. Fourth— That Her Majesty's troops which are now on the high seas shall not be landed in any part of South Africa. This Government presses for an immediate and affirmative answer to these four questions, and earnestly requests Her Majesty's Government to re turn an answer before or upon Wednesday, October 11, 1899, not later than 5 o'clock p. m It desires further to add that in the unexpected event of an answer unsatisfactory being received by it within the interval, it will greatly regret to be compelled to regard the action of Her Majesty's Gov ernment as a formal declaration of war. and will not hold itself responsible for the consequences thereof, and that in the event of any further movement of troops occurring within the above-mentioned time in a nearer direction to our border, this Government will be compelled to regard that also as a formal declaration of war. 1 have the honor to be, respectfully yours, F. W. REITZ, State Secretary. will bring his republic clattering down upon hie head." ' -.7 : The Times says it has reason to believe that the Government's reply to Kruger will contain simply a brief expression of PRICE FIVE CENTS. regret that he should have taken the serious step involved In addressing such a communication to her Majesty's Gov ernment, and the announcement that her Majesty's Government has no further