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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, October 11, 1899, Image 1

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Ultimatum From the Transvaal
That English Troops Be With
drawn Only Hastens the Be
ginning of Vv^ar.
J LONDON, Oct. ll.— The Daily Mail's Cape I
J Town correspondent, telegraphing Tuesday, ♦
J says a shjort and very dignified reply has 1
X been communicated to Conyoghan) Greerje, X
<► trje British diplomatic agent at Pretoria, by j
t Sir Alfred Milner, British High Commis- %
+ sicQer in South; Africa, to be rjanded to the t
* Boer Government on Wednesday. *
T ON DON Oct. ii.— lt can
/ __ not be doubted that Eng
land's reply ziill be a flat
rejection of President Kruger's de
mands and that a quarter after J
o'clock this afternoon, English time,
an actual state of war will exist.
Fridays Cabinet council wutl
have to deal with tne military situa- j
tion and Parliament will have little I
sary credits.
Speculation as io the outcome of\
the crisis has now riven way in the \
_> w
newspapers to c discussion of mill- j
tary and strategical matters. The\
ultimatum was received in Sir Al-\
fred Milners English translation i
at I o clock Tuesday morning. Str]
Alfred had already notified Sir]
George White, so no time was lost-,
in taking the necessary steps.
As the British troops continue'
landing in South Africa and ad-.
vancir.g io the front ii is quite pos-\
sible, according to the terms of the
Boer, ultimatum, that hostilities have
already commenced, as Kruger, has
everything io gain by an instant ad-\
vance. Until the arrival of the]
army corps it is probable that thel
British will everywhere remain on
tlie defensive.
speculate at the present stage, but
sharp fighting is likely to occur at
Mafeking. where Colonel Baden-
Powell is pluckily holding his ex
posed position. As the generals have
decided not to attempt to hold the
country north of Dundee the Boers
will doubtless occupy Laings Nek
and advance alone the railway to

ward Glencoe and Dundee. These
places, however, are considered
quite safe against Boer attack.
The Daily Chronicle this morn
ing editorially "-'"_. is compelled
to admit that the Boer ultimatum,
unhappily worded as ii is, makes
zvar unavoidable.
Editorial articles in other papers
generally express pity for President
Kruger's precipitancy, which places
F. W. REITZ, the State Secretary of the Transvaal.
The San Francisco Call.
(he Transvaal technically in the
CAPE TOWN, Oct. io. — A
dispatch from Pretoria io a Cape
Town newspaper says that Com
mandant Joubert has issued a no-
tice to the troops in the different
laagers to hold themselves in readi-
ness for an immediate advance.
Tlie I ransvaal, the dispatch also
says, hopes to arrange to send the
European mail by way of Dclagoa
LONDON, Oct. 10.— The ultimatum of
the Transvaal Government ls naturally
the absorbing topic of conversation at
the clubs and in political circles to
night, and the late editions of the
afternoon papers, containing the text
of the ultimatum, met with a good
sale in the central parts of London,
the newsboys doing a thriving trade on
the closing of the theaters. There was
no apparent excitement, however, but a
general feeling was expressed that the
Boers had made a mistake, as their forc
ing .- ten would tend to alienate the
sympathy which might have be»_ ex
tended to them had they thrown the
stigma of declaring war on Great Britain.
The text of the Boers' ultimatum on
arriving this morning was sent with all
speed to Lord Salisbury, who came to
lowa this evening, and a dispatch hex
was sent to the Prince of Wales, which
is only done In cases of special urgency.
The Portuguese Minister to Great
Britain. Senor Several, called at the For
eign OtSce this afternoon and had an in
terview with Lord Salisbury, and his visit
Is naturally connected in the public mind
with the alleged purchase by Great
Britain of Delagoa Bay. .'- dispatch tend
ing to confirm the report of this purchase
comes from Lourenzo Marques. It states
that the British third-class cruiser
Philomel is anchored fifteen miles off the
port and is supposed to be waiting the
arrival of transports and warships to
pilot them into the harbor. It is quite
certain, however, that the transports
would not go to Lourenzo Marques unless
the British were about to fly their Mag
over port.
The Cabinet has been summoned to
meet at the Foreign Office on Friday next.
War preparations by Great Britain are
being pushed with the greatest energy.
The Woolwich arsenal has already for
warded to South Africa over three million
cartridges for rides and machine guns
and the reservists continue to respond
eagerly to the mobilization proclamation.
Dr. Gavin Brown Clark, Radical mem
ber of the House of Commons for Caith
ness, who all along has worked hard for
peace, has just received a characteristic
letter of thanks from Commandant Gen
eral Joubert. in which General Joubert
declares that Cecil Rhodes. Dr. Jameson
and Mr. Chamberlain are responsible for
the mischief. He says:
"The Johannesburg clique say that Mr.
Chamberlain regards the existence of the
Orange Free State and the Transvaal as
two blots, which, as Cecil Rhodes has
said, must be wiped out from the map.
He seems desirous to do this with the
blood of the Afrikander people and of
poor British soldiers. We do not desire
war. We know we are not a mat: for
the powerful armies of Gre-at Britain and
her willing colonies. We never have, been
able to do anything against England's
'Mr. Chamberlain is try -- to drive ns
Into the Red Sea. but I still hope God
will speak to the kind heart, of her
Majesty, the Queen, and that of her noble
people, and that they will not allow this
wicked Haman to cool his hatred against
our Mordecai. We are convinced that
Chamberlain will try* to conquer our
country and we shall ■-- to prevent him.
by the" help of God, to the last drop of
our blood."
LONDON. Oct. 11.— News from the scene
of war is still scanty. Dispatches filed on
Monday are only just arriving. Com
mandant General Joubert .3 credited with
declaring that he would die fighting, but
that the Boer forces are Inferior to the
British and that nothing would save the
country after the first shot was fired.
President Steyn of the Orange Free
State Is going to visit the western border
in order to reassure and stimulate the
burghers there.
-Rumors are rent at Dor that the
Boers have begun shooting the Ives at
the mines and that ma: bodies have
been seen lying on the veldt.
A mysterious distribution of Mausers is
occurring at Steynsburgh and other
Dutch districts in the Cape Colony. A
meeting of Dutch residents has been held
at Sterkstrom. at which it was resolved
to ask the Cape Government for arms,
and in the event of refusal to apply to
the Free State.
Two scouts from Lobatsi rode fifteen,
miles Into Transvaal territory on Sunday
last and found the Boers forming a camp
near the Toll River. The scouts were ob
served by the Boers, who gave chase and
pursued them for two miles.
LONDON, Oct. 10.— stolidity. If not
the placidity, of the English character
never was better shown than it Is in Lon
don to-night, when England Is face to
face with war.
Although it was only half-past 5 o'clock
when Mr. Chamberlain's secretary gave
out the first copy of the Transvaal ulti
matum, an hour later every evening paper
had the news. There was not a trace of
the excitement attendant upon the an-
nouncement of the result on the night
after the first race for the America's cup.
It is a fact that the enthusiasm In Lon
don signally fails to compare with that
♦ rm
25 SS
1 ' >
* CALLL HEADQUARTERS, WELLINGTON HOTEL, WASHINGTON". Oct. 10.— In the event of war. which officials Z,
V here regard as practically certain, as a result of the Boer ultimatum, orders will be immediately cabled to the cruiser J
gg Montgomery. directing her to proceed to Delagoa Bay and co-operate with the American Consul at Pretoria In the pr - _•
♦ tectlon of American Interests. ' - : v;;< ♦
*•" Rear Admiral Schley Informed Acting Secretary Allen to-day of hla .willingness to assume command of the South 8?
*. Atlantic squadron whenever the department desired, and was Informed that the cruiser Chicago would be ready for sea - #
* on October 25. She will proceed immediately to Delagoa Bay, and Commander Merrill, commanding the Montgomery." *-?
ji will make his report to the squadron commander. The authorities appreciate that It will be impossible to send sailors eg
# " and marinea into the Transvaal, but they are confident that the moral effect of the presence of men-of-war will result *
_• in satisfactory treatment .being accorded American citizens, or at least the demands of the American Consul in their g§
*•■ behalf. The most embarrassing and difficult work which Consul" Macrum will have to perform will be In connection ♦
•? with the protection' of British subjects and their interests in the African republic. •*
* Mr. Tower, British Charge d'Aff aires, was again at the State Department to-day. and he has no doubt as a re- *
|5 suit of. his call of the intention of this Government to return the courtesy extended by " Great Britain to "American
gf citizens during the war with Spain by the American' protection of British- Interests. _- i^;\ '• . ..-;-,.' gg
i „+_♦_♦...-♦
which was shown i nthe smallest Ameri
can city upon the nr-**.:hcfi .nent of th* war
with Spain. Bot this must cot be inter
preted to mean that England is not alive
to the realities of the situation. The au
dacity of the Transvaal's dispatch mo
mentarily stunned the public, and it was
only when under the glare of the music
hall lights and listening to the stirring
bars or the national anthem and other pa
triotic airs that the effect of the mo
mentary rebuff was lost in demonstrations
that shook the rafters. At the ; mbra
General Sir Redvers Bull er was preaent.
The first bars of "Rule Britannia" brought
the entire audience to its feet and for a
quarter of an hour the house resounded
with the choruses of national airs and
with cheers.
The Army and Navy Club, familiarly
known as the "Rag has not -.- many a
day seen such a gathering of campaigners
as wa-s there to-night. Nor was the
slowly aroused entnuslasm confined to
the officers. At Wellington Barracks,
where a battalion of Grenadiers which
forms a portion of the First Army Corps
had just returned from sixteen months'
service on the Rock of Gibraltar, the en
thusiasm knew no bounds. Seldom does
Tommy Atkins permit himself the luxury
of enthusiasm, but the regiment has had
a long spell of dreary garrison duty and
hailed the call to active service with
schoolboy delight.
Underneath all. however, officers, sub
alt-*rns and civilians recognize the fact
that the Transvaal campaign will not be
a picnic, and the sober reality of this
gives a stem- note to London life to
night than anything that has occurred
since the days of Gordon and Khar
The first Minister to speak publicly re
garding the ultimatum was Lord James
of Hereford, Chancellor of the Duchy of
Lancaster, who, speaking at Aberdeen to
night said:
"The Government has done everything
in its power to preserve peace. Appar
ently, however, diplomacy is ended and
the hopes of peace are virtually destroyed,
and that not by the action of the Queen's
Government, but by the Transvaal Gov
ernment. President Kruger has sent an
ultimatum. If we were to withdraw our
troops at his bidding we should suffer the
greatest humiliation, an.i the Govern
ment would deserve to be hunted from
office as craven cowards."
Lord James said he had Intended, before
receiving the news of the ultimatum, to
take a different view of the position, but
row nothing remains but to commend our
cause to the God of battle and arms and
to Implore his blessing upon the engage
ment about to be entered upon.
Lord James, whose remarks were greet
ed with loud and prolonged cheers, con
cluded by expressing hope that the. war
would be short and humanely conducted,
and when It was terminated counsels of
moderation would prevail as to the way
In which the enemy should be dealt with.
LONDON. Oct. 10.— Westminster
Gazette says: "We learn from a trust
| worthy . source that 'he British Govern
i ment has al«*Tdt?patched a, note- containing
i strinrent demands, which mo^t have
\ crossed the Boer ultimatum. Diplomacy
has thus said its last word, and the last
word on each side is of the kind to which
the other is not in the least likely to
| yield."
A dispatch from Durban, Natal, says:
"The Gordon Highlanders and all the
troops that arrived from India to-day
have been ordered to Ladysmlth."
The coal that was seized by the Orange
Free State authorities baa been released.
the officials explaining that it was seized
because they thought the Transvaal mines
were likely to close. .
A special dispatch from Bloemfontein,
the capital of the Orange Free State, notes
the difficulties in . working the railroads,
owing to the resignations of the employes.
The Orange Free State authorities are
already borrowing engineers from the
The action of the British third-class
cruiser Philomel in intercepting the Brit
ish steamer Guelph. from Southampton,
' supposed to be carrying ammunition to
i the Boers, and the fact that the Philomel
i sailed to-day to intercept the German
liner Kansler, with ammunition, go to
: show that Great Britain will not permit
future deliveries of ammunition to the
Boers if it can be prevented.
LONDON, Oct. li.— The Standard says:
"The Transvaal's worst enemies could
I hardly have supposed that its arrogance
would lead it to such in extravagance.
The note is written in a style which would
i be offensive- If it came from a first rate
power, and is inconceivably ridiculous as
emanating from a trumpery little State
: which exists only by Great Britain's for
! bearance."
The Daily Mail says: "The Boers have
doffed the mask and declared war, which
their deluded supporters in England had
considered so impossible. Doubtless at
first we may suffer, but we suffered be
fore, and In the end the Boers and their
supporters will receive the punishment
which their insane attempt to perpetuate
yon an almost barbaric system their gov
ernment in the nineteenth century most
thoroughly deserves."
. The Daily . News, admitting that if de
termined on war Kruger Is -justified in
striking while he has a chance of some
Isolated successes, says: "The Boers' best
friends will deplore that they have put
themselves in the wrong."
The Dally Telegraph says: "President
Kruger has slammed the door in the face
of Great Britain with all the -violence of
infuriated folly. He appears to have cele
brated his brithday in a manner which
CAPE TOWN". Oct. It.— The Transvaal Government ha? sent an ultimatum to
Great Britain.
LONDON, Oct. 10.— The diplomatic circumstances surrounding, the pre
sentation of the Transvaal republic's ultimatum are probably without pre
cedent. Ordinarily a foreign power when addressing peremptory demands
to another sends them through an embassador or minister accredited to
Its adversary. The Transvaal Government, however, has no diplomatic repre
sentative recognized by Great Britain. Montague White, the Transvaal Consul
General In London, would not be received by either the Foreign Office or the
Colonial Office. Consequently, President Kruger was reduced to handing the
ultimatum to Conyngham Greene at Pretoria, who In turn wired it to Sir Alfred
Milner, British High Commissioner in South Africa, by whom it was retrans
mitted to Mr. Chamberlain, who thus becomes' the first Secretary- of State for the
Colonies to receive an ultimatum. As soon as the communication was trans
lated from the cipher in which it was transmitted, Mr. Chamberlain forwarded it
to the Foreign Office. The ultimatum is as follows:
"Sir: The Government of the South African republic feels itself compelled
to refer the Government of her Majesty, Queen of Great Britain and Ireland,
once more to the convention of London of IS-S4, concluded between this re
public and the United Kingdom, and which in article XIV secures certain speci
fled rights to the white population of this republic, namely, that all other per
sons than natives on conforming themselves to the laws of the South African
1. Will have full liberty, with their families, to enter, travel or reside in any
part of the South African Republic.
2. They will be entitled to hire or possess houses, manufactories, warehouses,
shops and other premises.
3. They can carry on their commerce either in person or by any agrents
whom they may think fit to employ.
4. They shall not be subject, In respect of their premises or property or
in respect of their commerce and industry, to any taxes other than those which
are or may be imposed upon the citizens of said republic.
"This Government wishes further to observe that the only rights which her Ma
jesty's Government has reserved in the above convention are with regard to
the Outlander population of this republic, and that a violation only of those
rights could give that Government a right to diplomatic representations or in
tervention; while, moreover, the regulation of all other questions affecting the
position of the rights of the Outlander population under the above mentioned
convention is band over to the Government and representatives of the peo
ple of the South African Republic.
"Among the questions the regulation of which falls exclusively within the
competence of this Government and of the ". --.ad are included those of
the franchise and the representation of the people in this republic, and although
this exclusive right of this Government and of the Volksraad for the regula
tion' of the franchise and the representation of the people is indisputable, yet
this Government has found occasion to discuss, in friendly fashion, the fran
chise and representation of the people with her Majesty's Government, with
out, however, recognizing any right thereto on the part of her Majesty's Gov
"This Government has also by the formulation of now existing franchise
law and by reason, with regard to the representations, constantly held these
friendly ... before its eyes. On the part of her Majesty's Government,
however, the friendly nature of these discussions have assumed more and more
a threatening tone, and the minds of the people of this republic and the whole
of South Africa have been excited and a condition of extreme ten-don has been
created owing to the fact that her Majesty's Government could no longer agree
to the question respecting the franchise and the resolution respecting the repre
sentation in this respect; and finally by your note of September 25, 1599. which
broke off all friendly correspondence on the subject and intimated that her Ma
jesty's Government must now proceed to formulate their own proposals for the
final settlement. r . - v
"This Government can only see in the above Intimation from her Majesty's
Government a new violation of the convention of London, in ISS4, which does not
reserve to her Majesty's Government the right to a unilateral settlement of a
question which is exclusively a domes' one for this Government and which has
already been regulated by this Government.
"On account of the strained situation and the consequent serious loss in and
Interruption of the trade in general, which the correspondence respecting fran
chise and the representation of the people of the republic has carried in its
train, her Majesty's Government had recently pressed for an early settlement and
final -pressed, ty your intervention, for an answer within forty- i hours, a
demand subsequently somewhat modified, to your note of September 12, replied
to by the note of this Government of September 15. and to your note of Sep
tember 273. ISS3, and thereafter further friend!:- negotiations were broken off, this
Government receiving an intimation that a proposal for final settlement would
shortly be made.
"Although this premise was once more reported, the proposal up to mho has
not reached this eminent. Even while this friendly correspondence was Suit
going on the Increase of troops on a large scale was introduced by her Majesty's
Government, the troops being stationed in the neighborhood of the borders of me
"Having referred to recurrences In the history of this republic, which It Is un
necessary here to call to mind, this republic felt obliged to regard this military
force In the neighborhood of its borders as a threat against the independence
of the South African republic, hence it was aware of no circumstances which
would justify the presence of such a military force in South Africa, and :..e
neighborhood of its borders.
"In answer to an inquiry with respect thereto, an address to his Excellency,
the High Commissioner, this Government received -to its great astonishment in
answer a veiled Insinuation that, from the side of the republic, an attack was
being made on her Majesty's Colonies, and at the same time a mysterious ref
erence to possibilities, whereby this Government was strengthened in Its sus
picion that the independence of this republic was being threatened. As a de
fensive measure this Government was, therefore, obliged to send a portion of the
burghers of this republic in order to offer requisite resistance to impossibilities.
"Her Majesty's unlawful intervention In the internal affairs of this republic,
in conflict with the London convention of ISS-t. by the extraordinary strength
ening of her troops In the neighborhood of the borders of this republic has
caused an intolerable condition of things to arise, which this Government feels
itself obliged, in the interest not only of this republic but also of all South
Africa, to make an end of as soon as possible, and this Government feels itself
called upon and obliged to press earnestly and with emphasis for an immediate
termination of this state of things and to request her Majesty's Government to
give assurances upon the following four demands:
First— That all points of mutual differences be
regulated by friendly recourse to arbitration or by
whatever amicable way that may be agreed upon by
this Government and Her Majesty's Government.
Second— That all troops on the borders of this
repub'.ic shall be instantly withdrawn.
Third— That all reinforcements of troops, which
have arrived in South Africa since June 1, 1899, shall
be removed from South Africa within a reasonable
time, to be agreed upon with this Government, and
with the mutual assurance and guarantee on the
part of this Government that no attack upon or hos
tilities against any portion of the possessions of the
British Government shall be made by this republic
during the further negotiations, within a period of
time to be subsequently agreed upon between the
governments: and this Government will, on compli
ance therewith, be prepared to withdraw the armed
burghers of this republic from the borders.
Fourth— That Her Majesty's troops which are
now on the high seas shall not be landed in any part
of South Africa.
This Government presses for an immediate and
affirmative answer to these four questions, and
earnestly requests Her Majesty's Government to re
turn an answer before or upon Wednesday, October
11, 1899, not later than 5 o'clock p. m
It desires further to add that in the unexpected
event of an answer unsatisfactory being received by
it within the interval, it will greatly regret to be
compelled to regard the action of Her Majesty's Gov
ernment as a formal declaration of war. and will not
hold itself responsible for the consequences thereof,
and that in the event of any further movement of
troops occurring within the above-mentioned time in
a nearer direction to our border, this Government
will be compelled to regard that also as a formal
declaration of war.
1 have the honor to be, respectfully yours,
F. W. REITZ, State Secretary.
will bring his republic clattering down
upon hie head." ' -.7 :
The Times says it has reason to believe
that the Government's reply to Kruger
will contain simply a brief expression of
regret that he should have taken the
serious step involved In addressing such
a communication to her Majesty's Gov
ernment, and the announcement that her
Majesty's Government has no further

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