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VOLUME LXXXVI-NO. 134.
WAR SAID TO HAVE BEEN BEGUN BY THE BOERS IN NATAL. KRUGER SENDS MESSAGE THAT WAR IS CERTAIN CHICAGO, Oct. IL— The following cablegram was received to-night by the Chicago Tribune from President Kxuger of the Transvaal Republic. The cablegram was sent In answer to a message from the Tribune request ing a statement of the position of the Transvaal in the present crisis. In the cablegram, which follows, small words have been filled in In order to make smoother reading: PRETORIA, Oct. 11. Tribune, Chicago: Through the Tribune -we -wish to thank our many American friends for sympa thy in the present crisis of the republic. Last Monday -we gave England forty-eight hours' notice 'within 'which to give assurance that the dispute will be settled by arbitration or ether peaceful means. The notice expires at 5 to-day. The British agent is recalled and war is certain- This is the fitting end of the British policy of force and fraud which has marked all South Africa with the blood of Afrikanders. We must now make South Africa free or the white man's grave. The republic's forces include -.1 nationalities, among them a strong American corps, showing it is not a case of Boer against TJitlander. but all nations against the English. We have full faith in freedom and republicanism, in the righteousness -which guides the destinies of nations. PRESIDENT KRUGER. An answer cf ten words from the Tribune to President Kruger giving the time of the receipt of the message in Chicago was prepaid— the peo ple In Pretoria being evidently somewhat apprehensive that the message might not get through. LI Ladysmith, dated Wednesday, alone among the specials received declares that war . has been begun by the Boers in Natal. The correspondent says: "Free State burghers have seized a train | at Harrysmith. which was the property of the Natal Government. Last night a mounted patrol was stoned by Boers, j The men's orders were not to fire unless they were fired upon." The other dispatches only represent that hostilities are imminent. ' CONYNGHAM GREENE. LONDON, Oct. 11— It is rumored that Cor.yngham Greene, the British diplomatic agent at Pretoria, has been assassinated there. The report, how ever, is unconfirmed and is discredited at the Colonial Office. A dispatch from Glencoa Camp dated Wednesday noon says the burghers are reported to be beyond the .President's ccntrol and hostilities are expected. at any moment. A dispatch from Newcastle. Natal, says that at a meeting held there in the in terest of peace, a crowd of patriots in vaded the hall, stormed the platform and moved and carried a resolution to support the Government In the war. The police were called upon to restore order and finally cleared the hall. The Daily Mail's Berlin correspondent says: "General Benjamin Harrison, for mer President of the United States, de clared to me to-day that he sighted breakers ahead for the British ship of state." The military authorities In South Af rica have Instituted a censorship over all telegrams in order to prevent Informa tion regarding British movements from reaching the Boers. DURBAN, Oct. 11— Authentic Informa frcm Ladysmith confirms the report that it is the intention of the Boers to occupy Newcastle immediately. CAPE TOWN, Oct. 11— The i respond - ent at Sar.dspruit of the South African News telegraphs late Tuesday evening as follows: "Owing to Intelligence received during the day war appears to be more remote." No precise Information is obtainable here, but there is good reason to believe that the correspondent's statement is correct. COMMUNICATION WITH TRANSVAAL NOW CUT LONDON. Oct. li.— Nothing since this has been received from Pretoria, and doubtless the telegraphic communication with the Trar.svaai is now cut. The ab sence of news from the Cape since early morning is not due to an interruption of the cable, but to the immense pressure of work, the cables probably being nearly monopolized by British Government dis patches, which take precedence over all others. Only two cables run to Cape Town from Europe., and the one on the eastern coast is very slow, so that prac tically ail the work is thrown on one At lantic cable,. which means that the pres ent exasperating delay will recur repeat edly during the progress of the war and that the newspaper dispatches will prob ably be very meager. PREPARATIONS FOR BULLER`S DEPARTURE LONDON, Oct. 11— Great preparations' The San Francisco Call. are being made at Southampton for the departure on Saturday of General Sir Red vers Builer, and a great demonstration is anticipated. The Duke of Connaught, the Duke of York. Lord Lansdowne, General Lord Wolseley and General Sir Evelyn Wood are expected to accompany him to Southampton from London. It Is an nounced that the fleet of transports con veying Sir Redvers Buller's army corps will be escorted by warships, while fur ther dispatch boats and gunboats will be sent to South African waters. The Government has already expended £3.'» in naval and military prepara tions, the orders placed with contractors this week alone amounting to £300.000. The authorities, anticipating a serious reduc tion a the output of the South African coal mines, have ordered 3000 tons of Eng lish steam coal to be sent to the Cape for the use of the warships. The outbreak of war has sent up the Price of English wheat, and on various markets the farmers have refused to sen wheat under 30 shillings per quarter, in some cases even holding out for a still higher price. A dispatch from Kimberly says Cecil Rhodes is expected there shortly. * BRITISH STATESMEN PUT BLAME ON THE BOERS LONDON. Oct. 11— A flood of oratory Biggarsberg Nek, Half Way Between Ladysmith and ' Newcastle, This --ace is near Dundee, and where the advanced British forces, 4000 strong, are stationed. It may be the scene of the first heavy fighting, when hostilities beg in in earnest. SAN FRANCISCO. THURSDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1899. NEW SOUTH WALES LANCERS WHO HAVE JUST SAILED FOR SOUTH AFRICA. £i » ■■- - - on the Transvaal situation burst out to night. A. J. Balfour, • First Lord of the Treasury; Henry Herbert Asqulth, former Home Secretary, and others spoke In vari ous parts of the country. Sir Michael Hicks-Beach, Chancellor of the Ex chequer, who was to have delivered an address on the subject, is suffering from an attack of bronchitis and was unable to speak. Mr. Balfour, addressing the Unionists of Haddington, said: "The crisis In South Africa has now reached the stage where diplomacy is put aside, argument ceases to make further place and appeal is made to arms. Peace and good will among men, which it Is our first business to cultivate in all of Great Britain's vast possessions, has been wantonly and gratuitously imperiled by the rash policy of the Boer Government. "A great change has taken place in the past three months in the opinion of this country regarding our South African policy. There was not then the clear conviction which now exists respecting the true merits of the case which is now to be decided by the arbitrament of force, but the more the public has known of what the Government has done and what they aimed at the more they have come around to the view that the Government, If they have erred at all, have erred on the side of patience. Those who supported us can look back to the long, anxious months with the conscientious conviction that we earnestly desired peace, though war was imminent, and that though at the moment I am speaking war may actually have begun, that war is none of our seeking, none of our desire, but is forced upon us by those who are not men fighting for the freedom of their country, but oligarchy, who fear that the hour of their domination is at an end. "Now that the prospects of peace are finally destroyed, now that war with all its consequences, all Its loss of life, all Its destruction of property, all Its suffer ings, is on us, we can say we have never asked anything but justice, never desired anything but freedom, all we longed for was equality under the Transvaal re public toward men of our race and speech, which we freely gave to the men of the Dutch race and speech In the neighboring colonies, and if they think It worth while to Imperil their future in order, to refuse these rights, at all events the blame rests on them and not on us. and we : can feel that, whatever we may have to endure before the war is brought to a final con clusive and successful Issue, the sacrifices we shall be called upon to make are sacrifices In the Interests of the rights of men and of civilization." (Prolonged cheers.) Mr. Balfour concluded his speech with an expression of thanks to the audience for their approval of the Government's policy. Mr. Asquith. speaking at the Dundee, credited the Government with a sincere and honest desire to avoid ,war. It seemed Incredible, he said, that the other should strike the first blow in a conflict which could have but one issue. The handling of the problem by the Boers was such as no civilized country could permit and the issue raised by the Transvaal's ill-starred dispatch was one from which Great Britain could not shrink, but was bound to take up. The vast majority of the British peo ple, Mr. Asquith declared, contemplated the war with reluctance and aversion, and saw In it little or no prospect either of advantage or military glory. It was not with a light heart that they took up the challenge, but now that it was forced upon them, they would see it through. • Right Hon. William St. John Broderick, Under Secretary of State for Foreign Af fairs, announced In a speech at Guilford that the Government had made the only possible reply to the Transvaal, namely, that "we are not prepared to discuss such terms." AMERICANS EXPRESS SYMPATHY WITH BOERS NEW YORK. Oct. 11.— great mass meeting was held in Carnegie Hall to- j night to express sympathy with the Boers ! In their controversy with Great Britain, j The flag of the Transvaal republic hung ' side by side with the stars and stripes. ! The colors of the Orange Free State were ! also displayed. On the platform and in the ampitheater were gathered men of all ' 'hales of political faith. Many women were present. Augustus .Van Wyck, who was the Dem ocratic candidate for Governor in oppo sition to Roosevelt, presided. A number of societies were represented, including the Daughters of the American Revolu tion, Sons of the Revolution, Society of Colonial Dames. Order of the Loyal Le gion. Holland Society, Holland Dames and the United Irish Societies. Among those present were General James R. O'Beirne, who recently was appointed representa tive of the Been in this country. The long list of vice presidents Includes Gov ernor Pingree of Michigan, Senator Mason of Illinois. Senator Piatt of New York and Senator Teller of Colorado.. Van -Wyck made a speech In which he characterized the pending struggle as one of the strong against the weak. Bourke Cockran then took the platform and was received with a tremendous ova tion. He spoke for an hour, and while the applause - was cyclonic at times, there were a good many interruptions on the part of several, hundred English sympa thizers who occupied seats in the rear of the uall and in the galleries. Mr. Cockran went into detail on the relations between the two contending nation, spoke of England's rights In the making of treaties with the Boers, and added: "The United States has as much right to intervene |to prevent aggression and preserve peace as England has for the gratification of greed and the spoliation of territory. President Kruger was with in his rights, and I believe stepped out side his duty when he consented to dis cuss the question of citizenship with any person who should couple it with a threat. The ostensible reasons assigned for Mr. Chamberlain's policy are so inad equate that we are compelled to look for the real reasons elsewhere. Why is it that the peace of the world Is endangered on such a flimsy pretense? "The answer is on the tongue of every Englishman, but it suggests such reck lessness, such heedless moral depravity, that I would not undertake to formulate it. Let an Englishman answer jit and it proclaims the Infamy of their Govern ment. "In all the history of the human race," AMERICAN OFFICIALS HOPE THAT WAR MAY BE AVERTED CALL HEADQUARTERS. WELLINGTON HOTEL, WASHINGTON, Oct. While prepared to protect British Interests in the South African Repub lic as far as consistent with its policy of strict neutrality, the administra tion Is hopeful that war may at the last moment be averted. Just how this will be accomplished cannot be Indicated here, but officials cognizant of the situation say the fact of Queen Victoria's opposition to war and of the great pressure brought to bear on England both at home and abroad, though not of a governmental character, may result in concessions. In dip lomatic circles, however. it is apparent that Great Britain's simple acknowl edgment of the Boer ultimatum indicates a purpose to place upon Kruger's Government the responsibility of forcing hostilities, and foreign represent atives here do not doubt that to-morrow morning's papers will record a posi tive announcement of the Boer's advance. As soon as war breaks out Cons Macrum will be instructed to notify the Secretary of State for the Transvaal that the British Government has requested the United States to protect its interests in South Africa: that it is the purpose of the United States to be strictly neutral, and that if not objectionable to the Transvaal Government this Government will act for Great Britain. The British -Government has not formally requested the President to act as indicated^ though Mr. Tower, the British Charge, had another conference to-day with Acting Secretary of State Hill. The author ities appreciate Great Britain's desire, -d the Salisbury administration un derstands the intention of the United Rates to comply with it. Correspond ence concerning the protection of Spanish subjects and interests In the United States by diplomatic and consular officers of France and Austria- Hungary during the war with Spain Indicates the policy which the admin istration will pursue in protecting British Interests in the Transvaal. The archives of British consulates will be turned over to Consul Macrum and his commercial agents. When John Sherman was Secretary of State he received from Embassa dor Cambon and Minister Hengelmul'.er, representing Franc c and Austria. notification that their Gov juts had been charged with the projection of Spanish interests. To their :es he made this identical reply: "In reply I beg to inform you that the Government of the United States c.dmits your friendly action in assuming charge of the protection of Spanish sub jects and interests In the United States. It is, of course, understood, in con formity with international usage which obtains in circumstances like the present, that the present arrangement contemplates only the friendly of fices of yourself and your esteemed colleagues, as well as Consular represen tatives of your respective nations, should occasion therefore arise with re gard to Spanish subjects and inter- actually within the jurisdiction of the United States and embraces no representative office by either of you on be half of the Government of Spain, between which Government " and the United States, a condition of war unhappily exists." Advises just received from Consul Macrum show that he Is confident that American interests will not become dangerously Involved, though both he and the State Department appreciate that if an American or his in terests should get in the path of hostilities damage Is hkelv to follow. The Boers, notwithstanding the fact that they have a law which permits im pressment of aliens to their army in the event of war. have announced that Americans will not be commandered, which is naturally very gratifying to this Government. In view of this comparative lack of danger to Americans and their interests, and the purpose of this Government to impress upon the Kruger Government its intention to be strictly neutral, the authorities recon sidered to-day their intention to send the Montgomery to South Africa, and she will be retained in American waters for the present. shouted Mr. Cockran, "I defy any man to find an Instance where war has been based upon reasons as atrocious as this." Mr. Cockran eulogized President Kru ger, who was cheered. ."■"lt has been said." he continued, "that while the President of the United States sympathizes with the Transvaal, yet he loves England too well to remonstrate. If this be so then he Is ready to connive BRITISH CRUISER PHILOMEL. This warship is on duty In Delagoa Bay, where she has overhauled several merchant vessels loaded with war munitions for the Boers. at oppression. But this is not so." He declared his belief that if England goes to war with the Transvaal the United States will forcibly advance her claims regarding the Alaskan boundary. These resolutions were adopted: "Resolved, That this meeting having considered the difficulty which has arisen between Great Britain and the South African republic, and having examined the relation of these two States, as de fined by the convention of ISO and 1354, Is of the opinion that Great Britain does not possess any right of intervention in the internal affairs of the South African re public either by treaty or by international law. "Resolved, That this meeting is also of the opinion that the South African re public, although not bound to comply with any of the demands of Great Brit ain, has shown a proper and commend able' willingness to consider the alleged PRICE FIVE CENTS. : grievance and to grant reasonable privi leges, and that, therefore, it is the duty of Great Britain not to force a conflict in South Africa, but either to accept the . offered reforms or leave the whole mat | ter to a court of arbitration. "Resolved, That a copy of these reso ; lutions be transmitted to the Govern- I ment of the United States, to the Gov ernment of Great Britain and to the Government of the South African repub lic." It had been rumored around the hall that the meeting would break up in a seething mass of people burning a Union Jack. It was expected by the plotters that pandemonium would reign. At the end of the meeting a man in the rear of the hall, with a few followers as a bodyguard, seized a Union Jack that was hoisted there and tore it to shreds. Then he turned to run and was thrown out of the hall by the police. MEN OF MANY RACES MAY FIGHT BRITONS LONDON. Oct. 11- A telegram from Pretoria timed 7:30 yesterday evening says: The situation is becoming hourly more critical. Numerous Americans, Germans, French, Swedes, Belgians, Nor wegians, Danes. Italians, ' Dutchmen, Swiss and Cape Afrikanders have gone to the border to fight for the Transvaal, al though they are not burghers, while many British residents also have taken the oath of allegiance. The hope is expressed by many that war will yet be averted. LORD ROSEBERY ,JOW EXPRESSES HIS VIEWS LONDON, Oct. Lord Rosebery. the former Premier and Liberal leader, has finally declared his position relative to the South African question. In a letter under to-day's date he says: "I have maintained silence because I am loth to re-enter politics. To-day, how ever, I can speak without touching poli tics, for a situation has been created which is. beyond party polemics. I think there is ; much in the last three years of our returns with the Government of the Transvaal to criticize if not condemn, but that is ' all over for the present. It is needless to discuss how we could best have attained our simple and reasonable object of rescuing our fellow countrymen in the Transvaal from intolerable condi tlors of subjection and injustice and of securing equal rights for the white races in South Africa: for" an ultimatum has been addressed to Great Britain by the South African republic which is itself a declaration of war. "In the face of this attack upon the na tion the people will undoubtedly close their ranks and relegate party controver sies to a more convenient season. There Is one more word to be said. Without at tempting to judge the policy which con cluded a peace after the reverse at Ma juba Hill, I am bound to state my pro found conviction that there is no con ceivable Government in this country which could reseat it." <T -.~