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ZTfrr _«U FRIDAY OCTOBER 13, 1890 JOHN D. SPRECKELS, Proprietor. Address All Communications to W. S. LEAKE, Manager. PUBLICATION OFFICE Market and Third Sts.. S. F Telephone Main ISCB. EDITORIAL ROOMS 217 to 221 Stevenson Street Telephone Main 1-74. DELIVERED BY CARRIERS. 15 CENTS PER WEEK. S'ng'e Copies. f» cents. Terms by Mall, Including Postage: DAILY CALL (including Sunday Call), one year fO.OO j DAILY CALL (including Sunday Call), 6 months S.OO DAILY CALL (including Sunday Call). 3 months .... 1.80 j DAILY CALL— )3y Single Month 68« | SUNDAY CALL One Year 1-60 WEEKLY CALL One Year 1 -°° All postmasters are authorised to receive subscriptions. Sample copies will be forward-- when raque«ted. OAKLAND OFFICE 90S Broadway j C. GEORGE KROGNESB. fllon__cr Foreign Advertising, Marquette Building, Chicago. NEW YORK CORRESPONDENT! C C. CARLTON Herald Square NEW YORK REPRESENTATIVE! W_RRY LUKENS JR 29 Tribune Building j CHICAGO NEWS STANDS. _ Sherman House; P. O. News Co.; Great Northern Ummmll j Fremont House; Auditorium Hotel. ' NEW YORK NEWS STANDS. Waldorf- Astoria Hotel; A. Br-ntano, O. Union Square. -Carrey HUI Hotel. - ' WASHINGTON (D. C.) OFFICE Wellington Hotel 4. L. ENGLISH. Correspondent. BRANCH OFFICES— Montgomery street, corner Clay, Open until 9:30 o'clock- 300 h-yzs street, open until j 9:30 o'clock- 639 McAllister street, open until 9:33 O'clock. 615 Larkin street, open until 9:30 o'clock -1041 Mission street, open until 10 o'clock.. 2S.C Market ■ street, corner Sixteenth, open until 9 o'clock- 1094 Valencia street, open until 9 o'clock- 106 Eleventh j street, open until 9 o'clock- NW. corner Twenty- | second and Kentucky streets, open until 9 o'clock AMUSEMENTS. Columbia— "Hotel Topsy Tuny." California— Jewess." Orpheum— Vaudeville. Tlvoll— "Satanella." Alcazar— "Jim the Penman." Grand Opera House— "Girofle Glrofla." Chutes, Zoo and Vaudeville every afternoon and evening. Olympia, corner Mason and Ellis streets— Specialties. Oakland Racetrack— Races to-day. AUCTION SALES. By P. ,T. Barth— This day, at 2 o'clock, Fur Rugs, Carpets, etc., at 41. McAllister street. PROSPERITY AND POLITICS. PRESIDENT McKINLEY has shown all of that political tact and sound common sense for which he is noted in making the prosperity of the nation and the people the chief theme of his addresses to the various audiences that greet him on his tour through the Mississippi Valley. Prosperity is indeed the issue of 1 mount interest in the poli tics of the year, for after all is said and done the question which the voters will ask themselves in Ohio and lowa and Nebraska when they go to the polls will be whether they shall vote for the party of prosperity or the party of calamity. The attempt of Bryan and his followers to revive popular interest in the silver question has failed, and in not a single State where campaigns are going on does it hold a prominent place in the discussions of the people or tnc press. An effort to make a vital issue on the trust problem has also led, and im- periah.-.m remains an affair oi individuals rather than • of partes. In such a condition of politics the only recourse cf the Democratic orators 1- to denounce the administration generally and ask for its condem- : nation upon its record as a whole and not upon any particular feature, of its policy. So far. then, as the State campaigns affect na tional questions at all tin- issue is that of supporting the administration or opposing it. That fact gives pertinence to the President's references to the abun- | dant prosperity which prevails under the operation of Republican legislation. A protective tariff has restored our industries, which were stricken ; down by the Democratic tariff adopted during the ; Cleveland administration, and the maintenance of ; sound finance has given confidence to business of all kinds. From years of panic and depression we have passed to years of activity in all lines of effort and every section of the country, and every class of the people have been benefited. In his speeches the President has put the issue fairly before the people. At Vincennes he said: "We have been blessed with good crops and fair prices. Wages and employment have waited upon labor and, differing from what it was a few years ago, labor is not waiting on the outside for wages. Our financial condition was never better than bow. We have good money and. plenty of it circulating as our medium of exchange. Banks may fail, fluctuation in prices come and go, but the money of the country remains al ways good, and when you have a dollar of it you know that dollar is worth one hundred cents, because b-ck'of it is the Government of the United States." At Danville, 111., he treated the issue in another way and illustrated the degree of our prosperity by pointing out how easily the people carry an amount of taxation which to any other people would be an oppressive burden. "We are," he said, "collecting just now $1,000,000 for every working day of the month on our internal revenue taxes and you don't seem to be very much oppressed here on that ac- lint We are collecting about $650,000 every work ing day of every month from the tariff that we put on foreign products that come into the United States from other countries and that does not seem to give you any serious trouble here." Against the party to whose legislation this prosper ity is due. and against the administration under which it has been attained, there is arrayed the party of free trade, fiat money, class antagonisms and general dis content. With such a choice before them the intel ligent voters of the States where elections are to be held will hardly hesitate. There may be local issues, or faction fights,, or personal prejudices, or old party ties which will incline men to vote the Democratic ticket in those States this fall, but upon national ques tions there is nothing on which Democracy can rightly expect the suffrage of a single intelligent pa triot The testimony in the Hite divorce case indicates somewhat clearly that the purchase of a man's honor is one of the few things that is not -worth the price. Several of the witnesses have admitted that they re ceived money from both sides and now feel perfectly free to be true to neither. Under the new charter it may be possible to pass a regulation that police detectives shall not be vac cinated. In such a case they may be expected to catch something. MR. DAY'S EXPLANATION. aUDGE DAY of Ohio, who was president of ,-,1 the American Peace Commission which nego tiated with Spain the' Paris treaty, has written ; a letter, published yesterday, explaining the character of our title to the Philippines. In this he declares that we have no title by con i quest. He says: "It must be remembered that we were in possession only of the city, bay and harbor of Manila under the protocol of August 12, 1898, pro viding that the United States should occupy and hold the same* pending the conclusion of the treaty of peace." Gradually from the most authoritative sources the clouds and mists which have obscured our Philippine situation are being cleared away. We were in possession only of Manila city, bay and harbor. Who held possession of the rest of the islands? Every Spanish soldier in Luzon, Panay, Cebu and Negros was a prisoner of war held by the Filipino army and government. That government, organized by a proclamation which our Consul Wildman officially reports that he prepared for Aguinaldo, was engaged in administration and, as Wildman reports, was exer cising civil authority "with dignity and justice." On December 21, .1898, President McKinley through the Secretary of War, transmitted to General Otis at Manila an order and proclamation in these terms: "The destruction of the Spanish fleet in the harbor of Manila by the United States naval squad ron, commanded by Rear Admiral Dewey, followed by the reduction of the city and surrender of the Spanish forces, practically effected the conquest of the Philippine Islands and the suspension of Spanish sovereignty therein. With the signature of the treaty of peace at Paris on the 10th inst., and as the result of the victories of American arms, the future con ... trol, disposition and government of the Philippine Islands are ceded to the United States. In fulfillment of the right of sovereignty thus acquired and the re sponsible obligations of government thus assured, the actual occupation and administration of the en tire group of the Philippine Islands becomes imme diately necessary, and the military government here tofore maintained by the United States in the city, harbor and bay of Manila is to be extended with all possible dispatch to the whole of the ceded territory. * * * All persons who, either by active aid or by honest submission, co-operate with the Government of the United States to give effect to these beneficent purposes will receive the reward of its support and protection. All others will be brought within the lawful rule we have assumed, with firmness if need be, but without severity so far as may be possible." In President McKinley's address to the returned Pennsylvania Volunteers two months ago he said: "Until the treaty was ratified we had no authority beyond Manila city, bay and harbor. We then had no other title to defend, no authority beyond that to maintain. Spain was still in possession of the re mainder of the archipelago. Spain had sued for peace. The truce and treaty were not concluded." Now, as the treaty was not ratified until February 6, 1899, under the President's own declaration, whence did he derive authority for his order of occu pation of December 21, 1898? At Pittsburg he said: "Until the treaty was rati fied (February 6, 1899) we had no authority beyond Manila city, bay and harbor. We then had no other title to defend, no authority beyond that to main tain." But on the 2i.-t of the preceding December he had ordered Otis to "immediately extend the military government of the United States to the whole" of the Philippine Islands,! In the same order he informed Otis that we had "completed their conquest," while at Pittsburg he declared that when that order was issued we had no title nor authority over the islands beyond the city, bay and harbor, for "Spain was still in possession of the rest of the archipelago." Now Judge Day says we had no title by conquest, though the President asserted such title last Decem ber. We beg to remind the President that his ad ministration represents, in a large sense, the country, and in an important sense the party which elected him. Therefore the discrepancy between his Decem ber proclamation and his Pittsburg speech becomes of overshadowing importance. If, as he said at Pitts burg, "Spain was still in possession of the rest of the archipelago" until February 6, 1899, his December, 1898. order for its immediate military occupation by the United States was a Presidential declaration of war, a violation of the protocol of August 12, 1898, and an exercise of authority that he dijj not possess. If Spain were in possession until February 6, as he declared at Pittsburg, the armed conflict of February 4. upon territory to which "we had no title to de fend, no authority to maintain," was not an act of re bellion against us nor in defiance of a title and au thority which was not ours. We are unable to reach any other conclusion, and what the Republican party needs and the country will require is an explanation of the order of December 21, 1898, in the light thrown upon it by the Presi dent's speech and Judge Day's letter. THE NEED OF THE STATE LIBRARY. REPORTS from Sacramento are to the effect that some very important changes may soon be made in the arrangements of the interior of the Capitol, inasmuch as the number of volumes in the State library has increased so rapidly it will be necessary to provide more space in the building for storing them. It is said the librarian finds it impos sible to make room for all the books, and the trus- tees have applied for the use of the Supreme Court room for use as a law library. On that showing it will be conceded the first and most pressing need of the State library is for more room and more ample accommodations for its vol umes. It would. be of little use to add to the num ber of volumes it they cannot be placed in a position where they will be convenient and accessible to the readers. There remains, however, the question whether the additional space can be better acquired in the Capitol than elsewhere. If a considerable num ber of the volumes were in continuous circulation among the people of the State who are taxed to main tain the library there would be ample space in the present rooms to hold those which would remain on the shelves. ' » i The Call has repeatedly directed attention to the ' many advantages which have resulted from the travel ! ing library system wherever it has been extensively | applied. The adoption of that system by our State library would entail little or no additional expense, i and would at once solve the problem of book storage. Were it put in operation several thousands of vol umes now unread and unused at Sacramento would be circulated throughout the State for the benefit j of the public and the usefulness of the library thereby vastly increased. Should it be found impossible for the trustees of the library to adopt the traveling system without authority given by an act of the Legislature, there is another plan now under consideration in New Eng land which might soon be undertaken here. with suc cess. That plan, which was reviewed in The Call THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1899. a few days ago, proposes to obtain from Congress an act extending to libraries the right of sending out books for general circulation through the mails at the rate of second class mail matter. In other words, the aim is to obtain for libraries the same mail facili ties which are now given to publishing houses. The movement has found such general and strong support there is every reason to expect Congress- to grant the desired privilege at the coming session. It will then be possible, if the trustees see fit, to keep a large number of the volumes of the State library in use among the people instead of storing them idly and unused on the shelves they have already overcrowded. There will of course be no objection to the proposed use of the Supreme Court room for a law library if that course should be deemed advisable by the Justices and others interested, but the point to be borne in mind is that the chief need of the State library is more readers and not more book shelves. If the library were made to serve the liter ary requirements of the taxpayers throughout the State there would be no storage problem to fret the minds of the trustees for years to come. WE publish to-day nearly the full text of an official report made to our Government by an agent of the War Department upon affairs in the Philippines. It is something that should instantly enlist the attention of the American expansionists and imperialists. The policy of the Government in the Philippines is at this time dictated by them, and they are responsible for everything that follows the installation of that policy. Time will prove that it would have been much easier to begin right, with an upright, honest and disciplined administration, than to reform and set it tight after beginning wrong. Imperialists who are moved by policy and not by impulse will see in this report a verification of everything said and predicted by the anti-imperialists. They will see also that un less vigorous measures are taken to mend our man ners and purify administration in the islands the charge will stand that it is a war for the profit of army followers and contractors. The report makes an American feel as if he is in a strange country. It reveals matters that two years ago seemed so foreign to our scheme of government and to the genius of our people that one is brought face to face with a startling change. The unhappiest of all revelations is that of the persistence of race prejudice. In our administration abroad we are reap in; the consequence of so long leaving that prejudice unbridled at home. The contempt felt for the In dian, negro and Chinese has been fostered rather than suppressed. In the Philippines this prejudice flares up against a people we must have always with us, if we hold the islands, for none but the natives and the Chinese can live there and work and produce a sur plus of the articles of commerce. This prejudice st; nds in the way, whether our motive in occupa tion is merely commercial or really educative. A race against which we feel that prejudice is not to be educated and elevated by another race that holds it in contempt and regard it as inferior. It may bet ter be trusted to continue self-education, with self government and independence as the prize for its success. The report conveys much information on the sub ject of the indignation and hostility of the people, and leaves no doubt that the Americans are hated, if anything, more cordially than were the Spaniards. Through this report and the declarations of Judge Day and President Sehurman the people are getting needed light upon the appalling problem which has arisen in the East and promises to remain for many a day to tax our resources and our patience. THE CUBAN PROBLEM. J\,\ ORE and more clearly do the imperialists as / \ sert their intention to violate all the profes sions of the Government with regard to Cuba and if possible bring about the annexation of the island to our empire. They do not, indeed, refer to the Cubans as "our subjects," that word being con fined as yet to the Filipinos, but they are announcing with no little assurance that the Cubans are unfit to govern themselves and that any who show a desire for independence are lacking in "patriotism." For the purpose of convincing the American peo ple of the imperative necessity of establishing a per manent government in Cuba there is now going on a campaign of education by the imperialist press. It Is conducted with no little skill. The public is told that the better class of Cubans do not wish indepen dence. It is even said that those who fought for it against Spain are now of the opinion it would be a bad thing, and they would prefer not to have it. Along with the imperialists the owners of the big sugar and tobacco interests of the islands are work ing for annexation. Admission to the Union even as a Territory would mean admission to the full freedom of trade which prevails throughout our do main. There would then be vast profits for the men who controlled the Cuban industries and worked them with cheap labor. The issue may have to be met at the coming ses sion of Congress, and should therefore have the ear nest attention of the people. Imperialism aims at more than the conquest of the Philippines. It is sup ported largely by men who desire to exploit the labor of tropic islands for their own enrichment, careless of the consequences to American labor or America welfare. It is safe to say that at present a popular vote on the subject would result in an overwhelming majority against the annexation scheme. A cunning campaign of education, however, worked up by an occasional disturbance in Cuba, may have the effect of converting a good many unreflecting persons tc the imperial scheme. It is, therefore, well to watch the movement closely, for there is no telling what may happen next. The issue, moreover, has its moral as well as its material aspect. It is not merely a question* of whether it be expedient to bring into competition with the industries of our people those of the tropic islands. There is the further consideration of na tional good faith. As the "Boston Transcript says: "in considering the ultimate destiny of Cuba the law makers at the Capitol must deal not only with the wishes of the United States but the desires of Cuba. They must regard as more than a mere formula that solemn declaration of President McKinley, reiterated by Congress, that the United' States disclaims any intention to exercise sovereignty, jurisdiction or con trol of Cuba except for the pacification thereof, and that, when that is accomplished, it intends to leave the government and the control of the island to its people. He who runs may read and, reading, under stand this plain statement. It is an outspoken decla ration against annexation." There are some things connected with the game of cricket that the American mind fails to grasp." For instance, in a match at Germantown between the Eng lish eleven and the gentlemen of Philadelphia Prince Ranjitsinjhi was unable to play owing to a sore throat the Prince is no Lillian Russell, either. AN OFFICIAL REPORT. VICAR-GENERAL J. J. PRENDERGAST Says The Names Associated With THE CALL'S "HOME CIRCLE STUDY" ARE A GUARANTEE OF EXCELLENCE. ST. MARY'S "CATHEDRAL 1100 FRANKLIN ST: San Francisco, Oct. 10, 1899. .>-«>*, Editor San Francisco Call — Dear Sgss&^K Sir: The project of making the / IT a? A newspaper the vehicle of education i t. R^B|ii as well as of ephemeral information . - *SBr*^^ft| will, I think, be universally com- \^^^^^^S mended. The idea, however, is not il everything. Much depends on the Wr way it is real i but the courses vicar-cenerai seem to me to be well chosen, and j-j-phendergast. the names associated with them are a guarantee of excellence. Respectfully, MARCONI'S MOTHER IS IRISH. Has Lived in Ireland a Great Deal and His First Practical Experiments in Wireless Telegra phy Were Conducted There. WILLIAM MARCONI, whose wire less telegraphic invention has made him a peer of Edison and Tesla in the scientific world, is not altogether an Italian. His mother has something to do with it, and she is Irish of the Irish. Marconi himself betrays the nativity of his mother in his Irish blue eyes and his tone of "devilment." It came about in this way: About a half a century ago an Italian of the name of Charles Bianconi settled in Ireland He was thrifty and enterprising. He located in Clonmel, the capital of Tip perary. He established a stage line and within a dozen years controlled nearly all the usual routes of transportation in the southern province of Ireland. In a little while— this, it ought to be re membered, was before the development of railroads— Bianconi had the contract for carrying nearly all the Irish mails. He got "rich, bought an estate and a castle, and his children are now number ed among the Irish country gentry. Bianconi had a nephew of the name of Marconi, who went to Ireland as chief veterinary surgeon for the Bianconi stage routes. This Marconi was a civil engineer as well as a veterinary surgeon. He was also an all-around sportsman. PRESS COMMENTS Wireless Telegraphy in Practice. Cincinnati! Commercial Tribune. For the first time wireless telegraphy was put to a practical test during the races between the Shamrock and Co lumbia. It was a success, though its practicability under other conditions is not absolutely assured. Moving boats accompanied the yachts on their course. From these dispatches were sent to receiving stations along th( shore. The messages were accurate ly transmitted and easily read, In ad dition, there was no loss of time, as the relative positions of the yachts were known in the news centers of New York without the loss of more than half a minute of time or a min ute at the furthest. : = r The system of wireless telegraphy is explained in a novel way in a news Item in the Public Ledger. It says "a better understanding may be had by illustrating the system by means of tuning forks. Two forks of the same key will respond sympathetically each to the other, if either be set in motion. Forks of dissimilar keys will not effect each other, even though they be brought almost into contact. • So it Is with the Marconi instruments. Ar ranged by the master's hand, a score may be stationed about and each will respond to any signal from any of the others. But by a simple reversal the apparatus may be individualized and signals exchanged between the two. while none of the other eighteen respond." It may be said that this late test was under favorable conditions, though Sig. Marconi has sent messages across the English Channel, and really believes that he will yet send them across the Atlantic, without the use of submarine cables. It certainly seems possible. Some of the best electrical talent in the world is engaged upon the unsolved problems of wireless telegraphy. Suc cess in the widest way seems possible, If not probable. Success of Wireless Telegraphy. Salinas Index. Marconi's system of wireles teleg graphy, tested under the auspices of the New York Herald and San Fran cisco Call at the i Columbia-Shamrock race, proved a wonderful success. Like telegraphing by wire, the phonograph, telephone, electric light, and the X-ray. all astonishing accomplishments at first, wireless telegraphy will soon cease to be a thing of wonder among the people. Begins Its Mud Slinging. Berkeley World-Gazette. The evening edition of the Examiner, erroneously earned Bulletin, is throwing dirt with the scoop-shovel at the Repub lican candidate for Mayor, Mr. Davis. Perhaps the Pheian campaign is to be conducted by mud machines and other brickyard accoutrements. "YOUNG GUARDIAN ANGELS." School Children Banded Together to Protect Dumb Animals. The ladies of the Society for the Preven tion of Cruelty to Animals are meeting with gratifying success in their efforts to present a meritorious entertainment to raise funds to purchase badges for the youthful members of the Bands of Mercy. These youngsters, numbering over 50,000 pupils of the public schools, are being carefully educated to be kind and mer ciful to all dumb animals, and many have actually entered the ffeld of active work. Their membership in a measure makes them a part of the parent society, and feeling this not a few are on the lookout for cases of cruelty, which are reported to. the secretary or the organization for investigation. A number iof cases have been thus discovered and the culprits ar rested and punished by the proper of ficers of the law. Thus the influence of the Bands of Mercy, aside from the educational fea tures, is being felt in the community, for no person who is abusing his animals knows who may be witnessing the abuse, to become an Important factor in his pros ecution. The badges of membership which the ladies are arranging to purchase are simply to be the evidence that the wear ers belong to the organization. The public is responding liberally to the call for money for this worthy purpose. Ample talent has volunteered for the entertainment, which is to be held next It takes a very daring rider to win dis tinction in Ireland, a country of daring riders, but Marconi accomplished that feat. He did 'something else. He cap tured the daughter of Power of Gurteen, one of the haughtiest of the rural Irish aristocracy, and took her to Italy on a bridal tour. The fruit of that union is the present distinguished inventor of wireless teleg raphy. Marconi has lived a good deal in Ire land among his mother's relations, but he was born and educated in Italy. He considers himself fully half Irish, and many of his characteristics are more Irish than Italian. Marconi's first practical experiments with wireless telegraphy were made in Dublin Bay. The first wireless tele graphic newspaper dispatch was printed in the Dublin Independent, a not very en terprising paper published at the Irish capital. Marconi has a relative living in this city engaged in Government employment. His name ls Power and he is a special inspector, of the Treasury Department. Marconi's Irish relatives are well off, while his Italian relations are poor. His education was at the expense of his Irish kindred. If Marconi is not already en gaged, he hopes to be, to marry a Miss Fitzgerald, a not very distant relative of the Irish Duke of Leinster. month in the Metropolitan Temple. A number of public spirited citizens have donated from $5 to $100, so Mrs. C. B. Hul brook reported at yesterday's meeting of the ladies. Others reported the sale of a large number of tickets, and the hall will doubtless be crowded. ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. WORTH TEN CENTS— Subscriber, City A dime of 1838 is worth 10 cents, as it does not command a premium. ROENTGEN RATS— N.. Mare Island, Cal. If a hand is held between the Roentgen ray and the eye the location of the bones becomes apparent. OPPENHEIMER'S VICTIM— E. E. 1... San Jose, Cal. James McDonald, who was stabbed by Jacob Oppenheimer, a refrac tory convict at San Quentln, did not die from the effects of the wounds inflicted. SAN FRANCISCO AND OAKLAND— VI VI; Placerville, Cal. Any first-class bookseller can procure for you a street map of San Francisco and one of Oak land. A CONTINENTAL BILL— 8., North Columbia Hill, Cal. A Continental bill of the issue of 1876, face value of one-sixth of a dollar, is not a sufficient description to give an answer as to whether it is of any value or not. HALF DOLLAR-T. J. M.. Stockton, Cal. A "gold half dollar of 1853" is not a United States coin, but a charm that was manufactured by an enterprising jeweler in the early days of San Francisco. It does not command a premium. TRANS-ATLANTIC STEAMERS-E. L., City. TheVe are thirteen lines of steamers that are known as trans-Atlantic steam ers, and which ply between New York City and Europe. The number of steam ers owned by these companies aggregates ninety-one. A full list of these can be found in the "World Almanac for the cur rent year. _ MOUNT HAMILTON OBSERVATORY —Reader. City. The observatory on the top of Mount Hamilton is by stage twen ty-six miles from San Jose. Saturday night, between the hours of 7 and 10, is the only time when visitors are permitted to look through the great telescope. The observatory buildings are open every day in the year during business hours. CORPORATION— Subscriber, Vallejo. Cal. If a corporation is formed to work a mine, and out of 100,000 shares a certain number is placed on the market to secure a working capital, the remainder of the shares belong to the stockholders. Dis honest trustees might, in the event of the venture becoming valuable, resort to methods by which small stockholders could be "frozen out." VACCINATION— N., City. There is no law in California which compels an in dividual to be vaccinated every seven years, but there is a law that directs the governing school authorities to exclude from the benefits of the common schools any child or person -who has not been successfully vaccinated, excepting such child or person . whom a prac ticing and licensed physician shall certify has used due diligence and cannot be vaccinated so as to pro duce a successful vaccination. • All appli cants for admission to the common schools are required to show they have been vaccinated within seven years. CIVIL SERVICE RULES-AY. T.. Su sanville, Cal. The Civil Service Commis sion says the institutions or individuals that announce that they have special fa cilities for preparing applicants for civil service examination are guilty of misrep resentations, as they have not any in formation which cannot be had by an ap plicant without cost upon writing to the United States Civil Service Commission, Washington, D. C. The commission also says "Letters in regard to examinations and other business of this commission should not be addressed to members of Congress or other persons not connected with the commission, as this only causes delay and does not in any way assist the applicant." ■ • BUILDING IN CASINO —Y. O. S., Taylor, Cal. One of the laws governing the game of casino says: "Should a player build up a card to a certain de nomination, and his opponent decline to build it up higher, he, the first player, may not alter his build, but must take it with a card of the same denomina tion; he is, however, at liberty to make another build, either of the same or of any other denomination, or he may pair or combine any other cards before tak ing up his first build, but he must comply with one of these conditions before play ing a card which will not do either. A player cannot "build on his own hand and another at the same time. NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY- Enq.. City. The headquarters of the National Geographic Society, which has for its purpose the "increase and dif fusion of geographic knowledge, are in the city of Washington, D. C. MULTIPLICATION-J. C. 8., Martinez, Cal. If your friend insists that in multi plication cr.ce one Is two, do not attempt to convince him to the contrary, as you will only waste your time, for he evi dently has not sufficient mental caliber to appreciate the difference between multiplication and addition. NORTH GERMAN LLOYD SHIPS- H. D., City. The vessels that are now be ing built for the North German Lloyd Company are the Groser Kurfurst, 12,500 tors: Rheln. Main, Konig Albert and Princess Irene, 10,000 each; Koln Frank furt and Hanover, 7500 tons each; the Strassburg and Wurzburg, 5000 tons each, Freidburg, Marburg Dell and Neckar, ton nage not given: Also a fast express steamer of 16.500 tons, to be 700 feet long and to have a speed of 23 . knots. The other vessels named are from 550 to -90 feet In length. "WORTH A JEW'S EYE"— Subscriber, Berkeley, Cal. The origin of the expres sion, "Worth a Jew's eye," is uncertain, but it was used in the time of Shakes peare. That writer in the "Merchant of Venice" has: There will come a Christian by Will be worth a Jewess' eye. In Nares' "Glossary** there is the fol lowing: "The exactions to which the Jews were subject in the thirteenth cen tury and the period both before and after exposed them to the most cruel and tyran nical mutilations if they refused to pay the sums demanded of them. The threat of losing an eye would have a powerful effect, hence the high value of a Jew's eye." The expression is a popular one, used as a simile for anything that is val uable. AROUND THE CORRIDORS C. D. Wright of San Jose is at the Lick. General Fred Funston is registered at the Occidental. George L. Hoxie, an attorney of Fresno, is a guest at the Lick. Paul H. Blades, a journalist of Los An geles, is at the Palace. J. Craig, proprietor of Highland Springs, Is staying at the Grand. Bishop Nichols has come up from San Mateo and is at the Occidental. Edwin T. Earl, the Sacramento fruit man, is registered at the Palace. Alfred Kernents, a tourist from Ger many, Is a guest at the Palace. R. J. Northam, a wealthy fruit grower of Riverside, is registered at the Palace. Dr. H. E. Reid. one of the leading phy sicians of Sacramento, is a guest at the Grand. A. W. Jones, one of the prominent capi talists of Monterey County, is a guest at the Lick. Among the arrivals of yesterday at the Lick was C. L. Merrill, an oil man of Coalinga. A. F. Slander, one of the lucky miners from Dawson, is registered at the Lick with his wife. J. H. Gardiner, one of the leading mer chants of Rio Vista, is among the recent arrivals at the Grand. L. A. Spitzer, Assessor of Santa Clara County, is at the Grand, where he ar rived yesterday from San Jose. He is ac companied by his wife. James F. Peck, one of the leading law yers of Merced, is staying at the Lick while on a short trip to this city. Mrs. Henry Glass, wife of the com mander of the naval training ship, is reg istered with her daughter at the Palace from Yerba Buena Island. W. H. Malkin, a mine owner of Van couver, and S. Heath, who is interested in mines in the Northwest and whose home is in Spokane, are at the Palace. Dr.- A. "White, a prominent medical man of Palmyra, Mo., is at the Occidental, ac companied by his family and a party of friends. He comes on a pleasure tour of the coast. CALIFORNIANS IN NEW YORK. NEW YORK, Oct. 12.-Mrs. I. C. Moore, Misses Pauline and Clara Moore and Sam Moore of San Francisco are at the Grand. David Kline of San Francisco is at the Holland. E. J. Whitenherg of San Fran cisco is at the Gilsey. T. T. Williams and wife and B. Hayden of San Francisco are at the Netherlands. CALIFORNIANS IN WASHINGTON WASHINGTON, Oct. 12.— James A. Newbold and wife of San Francisco are at the Raleigh. Henry C. Rayles of San Francisco is at the Wellington, and J A. Marino of Oakland is at the St. James. Cal. glace fruit 50c per lb at Townsend's. • Special information supplied daily to business houses and public men by the Press Clipping Bureau (Allen's), 510 Mont gomery street. Telephone Main 1042. * ■ California Oil Exchange. The California Oil Exchange will open for business at 10:40 next Wednesday. There will be two daily sessions of the oil board. William Edwards will act a3 caller. A book will be kept open for the public containing facta about the oil com panies listed, and every one will be at liberty to Inspect it. Emile Kahn, secre tary, will have the book in charge. "Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup' Has been Used tor fifty an by millions of mothers for their children while Teething with perfect success. It soothes the child, softens the gums, allays pain, cures Wind Colic, regu lates the Bowels and is the best remedy far Diarrhoeas, whether arising from teething or other causes. For sale by druggists in every part of the world Be sure and ask ,for Mis. Winslow's toothing Pyrup, 25c a bottle. HOTEL DEL CORO.VADO— advantage of the round-trip tickets. Now only $60 by steamship, including fifteen days' board at Ho tel; longer stay, $2 50 tier day. Apply at 4 New Montgomery street. San Francisco. Yesterday's Insolvents. E. C. Winchell. attorney at law. Oak land; liabilities, $10,977 97; assets, $10. The liabilities are on borrowed money and promissory notes executed in Fresno. G. Principiano. farmer, Agnews, Santa Clara County; liabilities, $176175; no as sets. ADVERTISEMENT S. uOIOS the ullfiSl When your cold has settled down deep in your chest, cough syrups will not relieve you. The system must be given strength and force to throw off the disease. does just this. It enables you to conquer the inflam- mation. The lungs soon heal, and all danger is passed. Do not let the disease become chronic because of neglect. Soe. »nd $i.oo, all druggists. SCOTT & BOW.NE, Chemists, New York.