Newspaper Page Text
8/he <A£m^J&%& MONDAY ....OCTOBER 16, 1899 JOHN D. SPRECKELS, Proprietor Address All Communications to W. S. LEAKE, Manager. PUBLICATION OFFICE Market and Third St*. S. F Telephone Main ISCB. EDITORIAL BOOMS 217 to 22! Stevenson Street Telephone Main 1574. DELIVERED BT CARRIERS. 18 CENTS PER WEEK. Single Copies, 5 cents. ■ Terms by Mall. Including Porta**: PAILY cadi, (Including Sunday Call), one year fO.OO DAILY CALL (including Sunday Call), 6 months S.OO DAILY CALL (including Sunday Call), 8 months .... 1.60 DAILY CALL— By Single Month wr ' SUNDAY CALL One Year I so WEEKLY CALL One Year I,o ° a:: postmasters are authorized to recelvj subscriptions. Sump!* copies will be forwarded when requested. OAKLAND OFFICE 90S Broadway C. GEORGE KROGNESS. Manager Foreign Advertising, Marquette Building, Chicago. NEW YORK CORRESPONDENTS C. C. CARLTON Herald Squar* NEW YORK REPRESENTATIVE. PERRY LUKENS JR 29 Tribune Building CHICAGO NEWS STANDS. Sherman House; P. O. News Co.; Great Northern Ha**!! Tnm- nt House; Auditorium Hotel. NEW YORK NEWS STANDS. Waldorf-Astoria Hotel; A. Breatano. 31 Union gquaraj Murray Hill Hotel. WASHINGTON (D. C.) OFFICE Wellington Hotel i. L. ENGLISH, Correspondent. BRANCH OFFICES— S27 Montgomery street, corner Clay, open until 9:20 o'clock- 200 Hayes street, open untl! S:3O o'clock- 639 McAllister street, open until 9:30 o'clock- 615 LorKln street, open uQtll 9:50 o'clock -1941 Mission street, open u'rjtll 10 o'clock- 22C Market street, corner Sixteenth, open until 9 o'clock- '09* Valencia street, open until 9 o'clock. 106 Eleventh street, open until 9 o'clock- NW. corner Twenty second and Kentucky streets, open until 9 o'clock AMUSEMENTS. Columbia— ' Hotel Tcp3y Turvy." California— "M-ifua." Or^heum— Vaudeville. Tivoli— "Fra Diavolo..' Alcazar— "The Masked Rail." Grand Opera House "Xanon." Chutes, /ji... and Theater— Vaudeville every afternoon and evening. Olympic, corner Masnn and Ellis streets— Specialties. Oakland Racetrack — Races to-day. AUCTION SALES. By S. Watkir.s & Co.— Tuesday, October IT, at 11 o'clock. Horses, at 1517 Mission street. ANOTHER MONEY SQUALL BLOWN OVER. ONE of the most, encouraging features of the current activity in trade is the ease and readi ness with which the money market rights itself after a period of stringency. More than once miring the present year money has tightened in New York until it seemed as if something would have to give way, but in every case the financial ship has righted itself with very little outside assistance. It was only a week ago that operators in Wall street were paying fancy rates for call loans, and yet the mere announcement that the Government would an ticipate the November bond interest was sufficient to ease things off at once. Accompanying this an nouncement was a falling off in the demand for loans, and Wall street breathes freely again. Trade must be oh solid foundations when such an insig nificant plaster as the prepayment of interest prompt- Iv heals the congestion in the commercial body. The mercantile and industrial reports for the past week copiously affirm this condition of business. Only good reports were received from distributive trade centers, and some markets reported the fail trade holding out longer than expected. The railway earnings continued to make a fine showing, the failures throughout the country were only 164 against 250 for the same week last year, and the bank clear ings showed a gain of .31.1 per cent over 1898, with only three important towns (Baltimore. St. Paul and Omaha) showing a decrease. The wholesale pur chasing by the people at large, so frequently alluded to, continued without diminution, and the complaint was of the scarcity of goods and not of the lack of demand. Evidently the American people have not yet finished buying, though they have bought more dur ing the past twelve months than ever before. Cotton has advanced and cereals have shown an under current of strength, as the world's wheat crop is falling below expectations and the yield of the minor cereals is turning out less than anticipated. There is no falling off in the demand for iron and steel, coal production is particularly heavy, and wool is meeting with a fine demand on next spring's ac count. Paper is in quick inquiry, and the news variety is reported unusually scarce. Tobacco is ac tive at almost all Eastern and Western markets, lum ber is as firm and brisk as ever, hides and leather are stiff and selling heavily and the output of boots and shoes is phenomenally large. In fact, all down the line of commodities intense activity at firm quo tations is reported. lii California the conditions arc especially encour aging. The recent rain broke all records for Oc tober, and while it did a little damage to grapes and berries and destroyed the old feed here and there, it was vastly more beneficial than harmful and pre saged an early and wet winter, as far as any winter can be presaged in this part of the United States. At any rate, it gives the croaker no opportunity to cry a dry season. The demand for produce and mer chandise is as good here as in the other sections of the country, and prices for everything are high enough to afford the farmer, merchant and manu facturer a good profit. The export trade is receiv ing more stimulus from the increased tonnage room, though vessels are still in inadequate supply for the quantity of goods ordered for export, while internal tiaffic is seriously hampered by lack of cars. It is long since San Francisco has been as busy as at present, for produce and merchandise are pouring into and out of the city as rapidly as cars and ships can transport them. With a good winter there is no reason why this local trade prosperity should not continue for many months. According to reports from Topeka the whistles in every town in Kansas screeched on receipt of the news of the arrival of Funston and his men from the Philippines. In any other State than Kansas this could have been prevented by a judicious wetting of the whistles. Dewey's tour of the country will be incomplete without a trip to San Francisco, and the duty of our city officials will be neglected if they do not insist upon his coming. The British Government has given Buller a "free hand" in South Africa, but perhaps it won't be so very free after Oom Paul gets a grip on it. MUNICIPAL CAMPAIGN. ROM the large attendance at the Republican rally on Saturday evening, and from the earnest rally on Saturday evening, and from the earnest spirit displayed by the audience, good auguries can be drawn of the outcome of the municipal con test. It is now clear the Republican party, has a ticket which the taxpayers generally .will gladly sup port. It is to be noted that hardly any statement made by the speakers during the evening won more cordial applause than the declaration of Irving M. Scott: "I came down here to-night to ask every Re publican and every good citizen to vote a straight Republican ticket from top to bottom at the next election. There is not a nominee on the ticket that any one need feel ashamed of having voted for." The signs of the time are indeed encouraging. The business men of the community have begun to take an interest in politics and to feel the responsi bility that rests upon them. Evidences of this awak ened civic patriotism are to be seen everywhere, and, as the Hon. Horace Davis pointed out in his ad dress, it is made strikingly manifest in the remark able registration, which equals that of a Presidential election. Many things have combined to bring about this desirable state of things. In the first place the bright ening future of the city has roused the energies of business men to profit by the opportunities that are now before them, next the long desire for municipal improvements has begun to prompt men to earnest action, the defeat of the bosses in the Republican party under the new primary election law has been encouraging, and finally the possibilities of municipal development and improvement under the new charter have stimulated all classes of citizens to strive ener getically to procure for the city a good administration in department. The salient feature of the new charter is the power vested in the Mayor. In summarizing those powers on Saturday evening Mr. Davis put them in this terse way: 'The Board of Supervisors is made the legis lative power, and it has charge of the raising of all money to carry on the city government. The ex penditure of this money is placed almost wholly in the hands of seven boards appointed by the Mayor. These boards are the board of Public Works, the Board of Education, the Board of Police Commissioners, the Board of Fire Commissioners, the Civil Service Commission, the Board of Health and the Park Commission. You will see, therefore, the large discretion and the power left to the Mayor. It requires a man of business judgment and wide ex perience and knowledge of men, and, above all. an honest and fearless man. Especially is this so during the first year, when the Mayor will have the appoint ing of all the members of all the boards named." Will it be safe for the people of San Francisco to vest those powers in the hands of a man of large per- I sonal ambition in politics, who. desires v . to ' use the mayoralty as a stepping-stone to higher office? The Republican ticket, from the distinguished gen tleman who heads it to the last name upon it. is, made up of men whom the people can trust." They repre sent the progressive and at the same time"- the con servative element of the community. They stand for improvements and also for economy. It was no self constituted committee ruled by bosses that nominated them. They have no affiliations which will hamper them in the right fulfillment of their duties. That much was certainly well understood by the repre sentative audience that gathered to cheer the ticket on Saturday evening, and therefore Republicans, independents, taxpayers and the workingmen of the ; community have good reason to be satisfied with the outlook. . ~. — : ' The dear old Bulletin prints a page of type and a picture to show why Mayor Phelan should be re elected. Will the Bulletin please rattle its inside pocket ami reveal the extent', of the jingle that was its reason for the type and the picture? The lack of details from the seat of war in the Transvaal is becoming absolutely tiresome and monotonous. What else can we expect from Boer dom? MINERS' CONVENTION. PUBLIC interest in mining men and mining matters aroused by the visit of the representa tives of the American Institute of Mining En gineers will not diminish with their departure, for : already the time for the meeting of the annual con : vention of the California Miners' Association is so ' near that it engages no little of popular attention ' and discussion. The convention this year will be ! something more than a State gathering. Delegates are expected from rill the surrounding States and Territories, and the meeting will be virtually a repre sentation of the mining industries of the whole of the vast region known as the Greater West. Rarely if ever have the gold miners of the State met under circumstances more promising to their industry than those that now prevail. The commerce ■ and industry of the world have counted largely upon the continued output of gold from the Transvaal. It has been confidently estimated that the yield of the mines in that country would during the coming year add $100,000,000 worth of. gold to the money of the world. That hope is now blighted; the Transvaal supply is shut off. At present all signs point to the conclusion that no considerable quantity of gold will be forthcoming from anywhere in South Africa for at least a year to come, and probably for two years. That means, of course, the world must look elsewhere j for its additional gold supply and that mining invest ors will be quick to turn to every field that promises : good returns. The Alaskan gold fields remain a doubtful source of supply. Up to this time nothing has been done there but placer mining, and it is questionable whether quartz mining could be profitably undertaken. It is to California, therefore, the attention of more con servative and prudent investors will turn. It is known that the mineral resources of this State and those of its neighbors have hardly been thoroughly pros pected, much less developed. If mining should be undertaken here with anything like the degree of energy and the affluence of capital that have been expended in working the deep mines of South Africa the results would be surprising even to many of our own miners. • It is therefore at a period when the mines of Cali fornia are exceptionally interesting to all the world that the convention of the mining men of the coast is to meet. That they will understand the advantages given them by the war in the Transvaal is not to be doubted, and we may expect of them such action as will tend to profit by the opportunities afforded. It is to be added that this is a good time to renew the movement started some time ago for the creation of a department of mines and mining in the National Government under the direction of an officer of Cabi net rank. There is a demand in the larger commer cial cities for a department of commerce with a Cabi net officer at the head/of it. There will probably be also a movement to create a department for the new colonies with a Secretary at the head of its adminis tration. All these movements for the increase of the THE SAN FBANCISCO CALL, MONDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1899. Cabinet will tend to incline Congress to a favorable consideration of the desire of the mining men for a proper supervision of their vast industry. In brief, every promise of the time is good, and the, convention will have all it can do to attend to the opportunities before it. NOW that the municipal campaign is on in earnest and the various candidates are resort ing to all manner of means to keep their names before the public, the people will appreciate the full value of the resolution introduced by Supervisor Hol land forbidding the stretching of banners across our thoroughfares for the purpose of displaying the names of the political aspirants of any party. A display of banners designed for decorative pur poses and having in the brightness of their coloring a glow of beauty is an attraction pleasing to the eye. and the public sees with no little pleasure the flags and banners which have been put as adornments along the streets in .honor of the jubilee of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. It would, however, be a grievous offense to every intelligent and artistic citi zen to see interspersed with those flags great stretches of canvas sprawled across the street and marked in scare-horse letters "Vote for Yon Ginnis de Muggens, the Mugwump candidate of the people for Pound keeper." The practice of such advertising in the past has been overdone. It is time to put a stop to it alto gether, and the resolution finds public sentiment already formed in its favor. There is no reason why the thoroughfares of the city should be made hideous at every election by that style of political advertising. There are abundant means by which candidates can keep their names before the voters without defacing the streets. Supervisor Holland has taken a step in the right direction. His resolution marks a genuine and much needed reform. The suppression of what has been a public nuisance in the past will receive commendatioin on all sides. WITH this issue begins the series of home studies The Call has arranged to publish for the entertainment and instruction of its read ers. The opening article by Professor Albert S. Cook of Yale on "How to Study Shakespeare" will be found in another column, and a second Shakes pearean study will be published on Thursday from the pen of Professor Parrot of Princeton. Thereafter similar articles dealing with many of the more inter esting of Shakespeare's works will appear in The Call regularly every. Monday and Thursday during the fall and winter until the course is completed. The other courses, as has been announced, include studies of the World's Great Artists, to be published every Tuesday; Desk Studies for Girls and Shop and Trade Studies "for Boys, on Wednesdays; Great American Statesmen -on Fridays, and Home Science and Household Economy on- Saturdays. Each of these courses will be carried on by men and women who rank as established authorities- on the subjects with which they deal, and every article of the scries will be from the pen of a competent expert. Warm words of approval have been given to the programme of study by 7 the foremost educators of the State, and now that the publication of the series has begun the reading public will be able to judge for themselves of the merit of the undertaking. We commend the article of this morning particularly to the attention of our readers, in order that they may start the series with the first paper and learn at the outset how to study Shakespeare and what to look for in his works. It must be borne in mind that while the papers will prove interesting even to the casual and in different reader, their full value will be obtained only by those who read them with care and studious at tention. They are contributed by men and women to whom education is a life work and have been written with an earnest purpose. Those who arc best acquainted with Shakespeare in a general way can learn something in addition to what they already know by reading what a critic of such eminence as Professor Cook has to say about the proper study of the great master's treatment of the problems of life. SCHOOL BOARD SCANDALS. SUFFICIENT evidence of fraudulent transac tions on the part of certain members of the School Board has been made public by The Call to justify the belief that if the Grand Jury do its full duty without fear or favor the people may have the satisfaction of seeing some of the plunderers and spoliators of the school funds indicted, prosecuted and punished. It is hardly worth while to go over again the dis graceful record of jobbery and corruption The Call has from time to time disclosed. Enough was pub lished yesterday to make it evident that the Grand Jury must act vigorously in the matter or rest itself under suspicion of neglect of duty, or worse. There is no department of local administration in which fraud works a greater wrong to the com munity than in that of the public schools. When the money paid by the people for the education of their children is wasted either by robbery or by extrav agance, then it follows of necessity that school build ings are neglected, needed repairs are not made, the rooms are overcrowded or badly ventilated, danger of disease threatens the children who gather there, the teaching force suffers from lack of salaries, the proper equipments of the schools are not supplied, and in many other ways evils are inflicted upon a very large proportion of the community. - The late Grand Jury declared in its final report that a moral certainty existed of fraud in the former School Board, but that it could obtain no legal evi dence sufficient to convict the presumably guilty par ties. It is to be hoped the present jury will have better success. Where wrongdoing has been carried on to the extent The Call has exposed,' there must be some way of bringing to light proofs of it" that will bring about conviction in the courts. The people therefore look to the Grand Jury with expectation, and something must be done. Admiral Dewey appears to have valued more the spontaneous outburst of welcome he received in Boston than all the grand parades and ceremonies that were prepared for him in New York. In the course of his speech at Boston he said: "The ovation* which was given me last night I believe has never been equaled in the lifetime of any of us. At any event, I never saw the equal of it." The admiral should now come to San Francisco and see how easy we can beat Boston. Now let all independent voters and good citizens of every party stand in with the Republicans and start the new era in the municipality with an ad ministration to be proud of. If the.- Grand Jury fail to take a fall out of the School Board a whole lot of people will be asking the reason why. POLITICAL BANNERS. HOME STUDY CIRCLE. STATE MINERS' CONVENTION. SOME OF ITS BIG PROBLEMS The biggest and most important State convention in the history of the Cali fornia Miners' Association will open in San Francisco on the 23d inst., a week from to-day, and for several days will be the chief thing of interest in the coast mining field. Secretary E. H. Benjamin's voluminous correspondence concerning it indicates that there will be several hun dred delegates present. The sixteen local associations, includ ing that of Southern California, have nearly all held conventions and elected their quota of dele gates during the past two weeks, and at these conventions special interest in the industry and in the convention has been shown. The delegates are leading and active mining men, and the conven tion will be representative of the best in tellect and character in the California mining field. The convention will declare the wants and policies of the State's great mining population, united for the general good of the Industry, and Its dec larations and demands will have a pres tige before Legislatures and public opinion that few voluntary associations can com mand. This convention will have a wider scope than any of its predecessors, and the suc cess of the executive committee in secur ing the co-operation of other Pacific Coast States in making it representative of the entire Western mining field will give it an importance'equal to that of the Trans- Mississippi congresses. The Governors of 'Colorado, New Mexico, Idaho and Wash ington had last week reported the ap pointment of 10 delegates each, and all the other "Western Governors will un doubtedly respond in time. Each execu tive was asked to name representative men who would really attend the conven tion, and it is hoped that there will be many delegates from sister States who will later be active at home in promoting the policies agreed upon. It has been sought to make the conven tion an interstate affair, because the ques tions which will be made of chief Im portance affect the industry in one West ern State as much as in another, i These are the revision of the Federal mining law and the conservation of • water. The Federal mining law of 1572 and the court decisions and departmental rulings that have been hung to it have kept sporadic demands for revision going for years among mining men. The California Min ers' Association resolved in favor of the revision and codification of the Federal mining and land laws early in its history, and has appointed committees thereon, but never until now taken up the matter as one of chief importance. A wide field for warm debate will be opened, and the friends and enemies of the apex law may have another inning, but whatever may or may not be agreed upon, the discus sion here and the efforts that will follow may result in some further legislation by Congress. The discussion of the conservation of water will come at an opportune time when conventions and societies are at last starting a definite aggressive effort to save to the arid West its greatest treas ure—the water that it so royally wastes. The convention should do much to further awaken the mining interests to what the problem means to the Industry and to add another effective force to the efforts to secure the storage of flood waters and their distribution through mountains and plains. The big gold mills that are now again silent along the mother lode region of the Sierra Nevadas and elsewhere and the monitors that are waiting for the rains are vivid evidences of the California miner's interest in the conservation of water. The taking up of the question in this active way Is another evidence of the value of this big organi zation and an encouragement to those who are working on the problem in other fields. Other important matters will come be fore the convention. The California Miners' Association maintains, the im portant purpose of securing further Con gressional appropriations for restraining dams and the improvement of the navig able rivers of the State, but as the Fed eral engineers composing the California Debris Commission have not yet been able to get up a report on how the $500. --000 already appropriated should be spent, the convention will not be apt to do much about dams this year. The mineral lands issue is not dead and will get attention. State mining legislation will be one im portant topic. Steps will probably be taken through resolutions and committees to prepare a satisfactory State mining law to take the place of the one supposed to have been repealed by the last Legis lature. The convention will undoubtedly result in the organization of new county associations and in otherwise increasing the membership and nower of the fede rated organisation, which now counts about 9000 members. The Paris mining exhibit will be among other local topics considered. The convention will assemble amid new life and boom in the mining field and will reflect that revival in its vim and good will. The election of officers promises to AROUND THE CORRIDORS I A. C. Maude, a capitalist of Bakersfield, is at the Grand. P. C. Drescher of the Sacramento Bee is at the California. W. I. Smart, a mine owner of Placer ville, is at the Lick. P. Reichling, a wealthy mining man of Jackson, is a guest at the Grand. L. R. Stuart, a leading business man of Los Angeles, is a guest at the Grand. W. A. Sanders, an Alaskan capitalist, is at the Palace, accompanied by his wife. S. C. Joergery, a German globe-trotter, was among the arrivals yesterday at the Palace. .7 7. 7 . Levi Chase, one of the foremost mer chants of San Diego, is a guest at the Occidental. T. W. Patterson, a Fresno fruit man, is at the Lick, where he arrived yester day morning. Dr. B. Taylor, U. S. A., who arrived yes terday on the Gaelic from Manila, is stay ing at the Occidental. Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Stimson, prominent society people of Los Angeles, are among the recent arrivals at the Palace. Keize 'Sano and T. Ikedo, two Japanese merchants, arrived yesterday on the Gae lic and registered at the Palace. ,- " t Mrs. E. J. Chamberlin of Eureka, Cal.. is at | the Grand. This lady is one of the leading temperance advocates in the State. * - . -J:J;* ! : Mr. and Mrs. Peters, prominent" in tho social and business Uie of Truckee, have come down to the city and are registered at the Lick. . Douglas Hardy, a wealthy Englishman, who is traveling for pleasure around the world, is at the California.' Mr. Hardy is accompanied by his wife. Ex-United States Senator Warner Mil ler, accompanied by his daughter, has re turned to the Palace after a short absence in the southern part of the State. Lieutenant General Ganford of the Brit ish army in India is a guest at the Occi dental, where he arrived yesterday on the Gaelic. ", The general is on his way home to England on leave of absence. Major Archie G. B. Winston of the Brit ish marine corps is a guest at the Califor nia. .'He. was attached to the Powerful, and having served his time on the Asiatic station is on his way home for orders. NEWS OF FOREIGN NAVIES. The orders for the British cruisers Powerful and Terrible to pass through the Suez Canal have been countermanded and they. will rendezvous at Cape Town. An Increased scale of pay went into ef fect in the British dockyards September 9. It affects. 5000 skilled men, Tie aver age wages of which was $5 25 before the raise and is now $6. The Vulcan Engineering and Ship-build ing Works at Shettin, which is rated as the most prominent yard in Germany for put considerable ginger into the proceed ings. ,7.___-.y | The oil boom is still booming. There is especial activity in the San Francisco oil field, which has some thousands of oil 1 stock players now and which is becoming j the chief center of oil operations, both ! legitimate and otherwise. The opening of I the call board of the Oil Exchange will stimulate investments in oil stocks for a ; time, and will afford some guarantee of I safety to investors by eliminating compa nies which have for assets only paper and | sagebrush. ■; The Coalinga field is still the only pro- I ducing one of importance north of 1•- I hachapi, and is now reported to be yield ing 4500 barrels a day, or as much as the Los Angeles field ever produced. The ! daily product of one well belonging to Canfield & Chanslor is given at 1000 bar . rels. Many new companies are being ' formed ahd buying or bonding land through the oil belt, chiefly in iresno. i Kings- and Kern counties, and several are i driving prospect wells, or preparing to do i so. The boom is so young that with near ! ly all the companies the early stage of I prospecting and of expectations has not been passed. The wrecks will begin to appear a little later, while here and there lucky ones will really strike oil. lhe Southern Pacific Company is planning two 50,000 gallon tanks from which to supply fuel to oil-burning locomotives. ■ "The American Fuel Oil Company, a corporation Jately organized in San ran dsco with a capital of $100,000. to acquire I and operate oil-producing wells and oil bearing lands in Los Angeles and other places, has purchased a number of wells ! in this city from the American Crude Oil Company," says the Los Angeles Times. At Fullerton. in Southern California, the ' Union Oil Company has begun work on ! a new pipe line system, reaching seven miles to the Santa Fe railroad. In the Los Angeles field oil operators want the limitations which the city has established about the parks to protect them from for ests of oil derricks near by, removed, and the issue is a burning one. The old Union copper mine at Copper opolis, which was once the chief copper mine of the State but which has been idle since 1893, is to be really pumped out at last. The- pumps were started to work last week, and Copperopolis was glad, for if the mine were worked to its full capac ity it would employ several hundred men and put life into the region again. It is not known whether the Boston owners are pumping out the mine to sell it or to work it. G. McM. Ross, recently in charge of the work of unwatering the Comstock mines, is superintendent. The work of unwatering will be conducted slowly and will take three months or more, because the water, which is strong ly impregnated with copper, will be leached in vats," in which the copper will be precipitated on scraps of iron and tln,| producing copper cement in the usual! way. . -. ._ The Miners' Association of Nevada County has elected the following officers: Fred Zeitler, president; George Mainhart, vice president; W. F. Englebright, secre tary; James F. Colley, assistant secre tary: B. F. Snell, treasurer. Executive committee— R. C. Walrath, C. J. Brand. George Fletcher, D. B. Marwick. J. S. Me ' Bride, C. T. Worthley, C. D. Eastin, O. K. Cloudman, John Fay, L. L. Myers, H. C. Schroeder. According to the report of the secretary and treasurer, the collec tions for the year were $983.55. There had been paid to the State Association $5»02.50. Mining in the Salmon River section dur ing the coming year promises to be more extensively carried on than ever before, especially if we have a good winter in the way of snow and rain, says the Yreka Journal. At present, owing to the last dry winter, water is very scarce and sev eral quartz mines, as well as placer 1 claims, have been shut down in working. I All along the Salmon River and tribu taries, clear up into the Cecilville, Know I Nothing Creek, Methodist Creek, Coffee Creek and other districts adjacent to the Trinity County border, rich mines exist that only need plenty of water for getting gold in immense quantities. The investments in mining property in the Gazelle district is becoming quite ex tensive, and with thorough development may prove to be one of the richest min ing sections on the coast. This locality abounds in immense ledges of quartz con taining gold, silver and copper, not sup posed heretofore to be rich enough for working. It would be a good locality for smelting works, as the vast area of quartz ledges seems to be unlimited in extent.— Yreka Journal. The mines known as the Keystone Con solidated, at Amador City, are in a fair way to pass into other hands. The rea son for selling is to avoid litigation be tween two of the mines to be consolidated, namely. Keystone and South Spring Hill, ! both of which have yielded much wealth to their owners, the former about $15, --000,000. Ground has been broken at the Oneida mine for a 60-stamp mill and a large boarding house. This mine will probably be one of the first among the new mines to swing into line as a divi dend payer in 1900.— Amador Republican. Everywhere throughout Calaveras County there is a pronounced revival in the mining industry. This fact is appar ent not only at home but recognized throughout the State. The output of gold will be largely increased in 1899 over any previous year since the beginning of quartz mining.— Calaveras Citizen. | war-vessel construction, is located along j the River Oder and has an area of C 2 acres with a water front of 1756 feet. The yard contains seven building slips, two of i which will allow vessels of 700 feet in : length. Each slip has its plant of tools, | which, although expensive in first cost, saves much time subsequently. Next. April naval maneuvers will be held on the largest scale yet attempted in Japan. About 160 veseels will participate, including the two new battleships Hat suse and Shikishima. The Emperor will be in command, and the programme will be carried out as though the vessles were actually engaging an enemy. It is ex pected that all the foreign squadrons in Far Eastern waters will assemble to wit ness the maneuvers. The erroneous idea seems to prevail in this country that the good gunnery ex hibited during the recent war with Spain was due to the fact to much attention ami large expenditures in our navy on this very important object. According to the statement made in a recent issue of the Army and Navy Journal of New Tone the total cost of the naval ammunition expended during the Spanish-American war was not one-fifth as great as the amount expended annually in the British navy in practice. It cost $45,000 in shells and powder to destroy the Spanish squad ron in Manila Bay, being at the rate of $S 50 per round, and the running fight of Santiago cost only about $100,000, or at the rate of $14 25 per round. The largest drydock in Germany is be ing built at Bremerhaven. It is 722 feet in length, 92 feet in width at entrance and will have nearly 33 feet of water over the sill at high tide, making it possible to dock a ship of the greatest draught at any stage of water. It is constructed of concrete and brick and will cost about $1,500,000, toward which the Government contributes $600,000, for which it secures the usual right under such conditions of ; utilizing the dock for war, vessels in the I event of war or pressing necessity. The ! city of Bremen contributes $900,000 toward j the new dock and a steamship company has made arrangements for docking its steamers, which will , Insure an annual interest of 5 per cent upon the outlay by the city. '- The policy of the Italian Government is j very liberal toward contractors for naval i vessels. In 1595 the Ansaldo Company at Sestri Ponente, near Naples, obtained the | contract for an armored cruiser to be | called the Garibaldi. When the ship was launched the contractors received an of- I fer from the Argentine Republic, and with j the Italian Government's approval the j ship was sold to the South American re i public, where she is now under the original name. A second Garibaldi was j likewise disposed of to Spain, and named the Christobal Colon— a name not un ! familiar, to the people of the United j States. The third Garibaldi was turned ! over to the Argentine Republic and nam ed the Puerridon, and the fourth Gari baldi, ostensibly building for the Italian navy, may likewise be disposed of. She was begun in September, 1898, and launch -led in nine months. The ship is an im provement on her predecessors, being 7393 tons, 13,500 horse-power, and twenty knots speed. The armor is 6-inch nickel steel and the battery is composed of one 10 --inch, two 8-inch quick-firers and fourteen 6-Inch quick-firers. The contract cost of the first Garibaldi was $3,400,000, but the action of the Italian Navy Department, due chiefly to the chronic state of impecuniousness, has enabled the contractors to turn the sum four times over and thus distribute $13,600,000 among the workmen of Italy. Orlando Bros., at Leghorn, have re ceived similar favors, for of three vessels bearing the name of Varesa, two have gone to the Argentine Republic, where they are known as the San Martin and the General Belgrano, and the third Varesa may follow its sister ships or be taken by the Italian Government. The French Mediterranean squadron re cently had some target tiring with large and medium-caliber guns. The vessels were under steam and fired at ranges varying from 2200 to 5000 yards. No report has yet been made public of the speed at which the ships moved, nor of the char acter of the target, but the records of in dividual ships is as follows: SCOPE OF EXAMINER'S SENSE L'ltalia, the Italian newspaper pub lished in this city, resents in most vigor ous style the insult to its people published by the Examiner recently. The Call, it appears, invoked the aid of Signor Mar coni's most marvelous invention to re port the international yacht race. To be little the enterprise of its rival the Ex aminer sneers at wireless telegraphy as a silly fad, and calls its Inventor Signor Macaroni. This is about the full scope of Examiner wit and sense. L'ltalia very truthfully says that these guttersnipe in surers of Marconi would do well to re member that it was the genius of the Italian, Flavio Gioia, which gave to navigation the mariner's compass; physi cal sciences owe to Torricelli the inven tion-of the barometer. Volta and Galvani discovered electricity, and Columbus dis covered America. This last discovery was not an unmixed blessing, however, for it made the Examiner possible.— Wasp. ________________________ ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. ■ NO PREMIUM— J. R., Calavaras, Cal. INO PREMIUM— J. on ass piece of 1836 There is no premium on a $5 piece of 1836 nor on one of 1838. This department has ■announced several times that there is I no premium offered for $5 pieces coined i after 1834. ISLAND— B. T., California. The island j that presents itself to the view of a per | son standing at the northern end of Van j Ness avenue and looking across the bay I in a northerly direction is Alcatraz and the one beyond is Angel Island. MONTHS FOR MARRIAGES— F. A., City. It is usually supposed that May Is the unpropituous month for marriages and this view is generally sustained by official figures. In England, June is the favorite month; in Germany, April is the favorite; in Italy, February; France, April; Sweden, November, and in Russia, February. HAWAIIAN VESSELS— E. L., Santa Cruz, Cal. Vessels flying the Hawaiian flag will come under the United States laws as soon as Congress makes provision therefor. This department has not the space to devote to the shipping laws of Hawaii. If you desire any particular in formation thereon this department will furnish it. GRANT AND THE JEWS— M., Oak land, Cal. It was while U. S. Grant was at Holly Springs, Miss., in 1862, that he issued an order expelling from his depart ment within twenty-four hours, "the Jews as a class violating every regulation of trade established by the Treasury De partment and also department orders." This was revoked three weeks later by orders from Washington. GREASE SPOTS— B. T., City. There are a number of preparations to be ob tained at drugstores that will "remove grease spots from a light tan jacket caused by oily hair," but this department cannot advertise any of these prepara tions. If you wish to be sure that "the color shall not be affected or the texture injured" send the garment to a profes sional cleaner. TWO SQUADRONS— F. O. 8., City. At the time that the Asiatic squadron in Manila Bay commanded by Dewey de stroyed the Spanish fleet it was made up of the following-named vessels: Olympia, first class cruiser; Baltimore, second rate cruiser; Raleigh, second rate cruiser; Concord, third rate cruiser; Petrel, fourth rate; McCulloch, revenue cutter; Nachan, collier; Zafiro, supply vessel. Sampson's squadron was made up of the New York, lowa, Indiana. Oregon Miantonomoh, Fern, Amphitrite, Puri tan, Terror, Cincinnati, Marblehead Montgomery, Bancroft, Dolphin, Detroit Castine, Lancaster, Nashville. Helena, Vicksburg, Wilmington. Newport, Ve suvius, Machias, Foote, Dupont, Ericsson Stiletto, Cushing, Porter, Rodgers, Wins low, Leyden and Samoset. Cal. glace fruit 50c per lb at Townsend's. • Special information supplied dally to business houses and public men by tho Press Clipping Bureau (Allen's), 510 Mont gomery street. Telephone Main 1042. * In France advertising posters must bear revenue stamps varying in value, accord ing to the size of the poster. A man who affixed a 15-centime stamp on a poster which should have had only a 6-centime stamp, has just been fined 125 francs, or $25, for the offense. "Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup" Has been used for fifty years by millions of mothers for their children while Teething with perfect 6uccess. It soothes the child, softens the gums, allays pain, cures Wind Colic, regu lates the Bowels and is the best remedy for Diarrhoeas, whether arising from teething or other causes. Fop sale by druggists in every part of the world. Be sure and ask for Airs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup, 23c a bottle. HOTEL DEL CORONADO— Take advantage of the round-trip tickets. Now only $60 by steamship. including fifteen days' board at ho tel; longer stay. $2 60 per day. Apply at 4 New Montgomery street, San Francisco. According to Dr. Schjerning, there were only 9jo cases of tuberculosis last year in a force of 514,830 men. The number of deaths from this disease in the army has been gradually decreasing from .42 per thousand in 1892 to .24 . per thousand in 1897. ___ ADVERTISEMENTS. When tiie Blood is pale, then your lips and cheeks arc pale, your nerves weak, and your whole body greatlydebilitated. Thedoc- tors say "You have anemia." There's just one thing yo* need — something to make the blood rich and red. will certainly do this. It will make the most happy changes for you, and soon your old strength and ac- tivity will return. 50c. and $x.o«, all druggist*. SCOTT & BOWNE, Chemists, New York.