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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, October 19, 1899, Image 1

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Whifehead, Nova Scotia, the Scene of
Daring Acts of Piracy and Bucca
neering by the Munro Family,
WHITEHEAD, N. S., Oct. 18.— There has been brought to
light here one of the most appalling stories of modern buc
caneering and piracy, the luring of vessels to destruction by
exhibition of false lights, the burning of buildings, the scut
tling of vessels and similar crimes. A veritable reign of terror
has existed for years, but the people have never dared to make
the matter public until now. The Munro family has increased
and multiplied and the gravest charges are made against its
members. The agent of the Portland Packing Company who
boarded with the Munros was robbed of $1400. One of them
was arrested, but owing to the fear of the witnesses to testify
was acquitted. He sued for false arrest and recovered dam
Captain Abner Munro, owner of the schooner Juventa, put
up a scheme to defraud the insurance companies and scuttled
the craft, collecting SSOOO. He was sentenced to six years'
imprisonment, and now has just been discovered the awful story
of this great series of crimes, too long to be narrated here. Mrs.
Melinda Munro. angered by her brother, Enos, Collector of the
Port, who seized her son's schooner for smuggling, informed the
Government of the scheme of the Munros to burn the Whitehead
lighthouse and murder the keeper so as to erect a false light on
another shore and lure ships to their ruin. This scheme was
partly executed. Mrs. Munro then revealed a iong list of burn
ings and scuttlings and lurings ashore by false lights. Among
these was the schooner Mary J. Wells, which they looted and
Cables of vessels at anchor were cut, and the vessels
drifted upon the rocks and were looted. Once in a great while
the rumor would get out that a fishing vessel had been lured
ashore by a false light and destroyed. It was alleged that the
schooner Spencer of the Naird line of Gloucester, which was lost
with ail hands off the Nova Scotia coast, near this place, was
the victim of wreckers and false lights. In fact, Whitehead has
been the most dreaded part of the Nova Scotia coast except
it be Sable Island. Near Whitehead scores of Gloucester fisher
men have met their doom during the past few years, but how
many of these losses have been due to the luring of these ves
sels ashore by false lights will never be known.
Forecast of the Principal Features Show
New Possessions Will Receive Much
With the return of President McKlnley j
and his Cabinet -morrow will com
mence the preparations of what promises !
fto be an unusually important message to j
Congress. President McKinley has al- ;
■ways given himself plenty of time in the I
preparation of his state papers and be- ;
fnro he started on his tour, now at its j
end; he had blocked out in a general way j
what he Intends to say to ''■ ingress, and j
In accordance with his instructions sub
ordihate officials of the various depart- j
merits have been compiling data upon the I
subjects which will receive the President's J
attention. Those instructions, coupled ;
with the President's own observations in i
the numerous speeches made by him dur- j
lrg his Western trip, make it possible to
give a reasonably correct forecast of the j
principal feature of the forthcoming mes- j
snge. Stripped of his congratulatory ref
erences to the prosperity of the country !
and of th<- extensive review he will make
of the progress of events during the past i
year, the message will treat of the more ,
important subjects in about this way:
Philippines— Sovereignty to be estab- ;
Ushed by all the force that may be need- |
ed and to be maintained permanently; |
civil government to follow the military at j
th*> earliest possible moment and wide lat- j
itmle to be allowed to the natives In local \
self {government^ The recommendations j
for the specific form of civil government j
to be established in the land to be issued j
on the conclusions of Philippines commis
sion, which will moot in Washington next
month to prepare its report. In recom
mending definite action by the coming ;
Congress as to the future government of
the Philippines attention will be called to ]
reports from competent authorities show
ing the gr< ; at commercial Importance of j
Cuba-Military occupation to be con- i
tinued on the same substantial .progress
that has been made through the medium -
of suffrage toward the establishment of |
an independent form of government; at- ■
tention will be called to th. wonderful
improvement in the island during the
past year not only commercially and ag
ricuitural y. but. also in the sanitary con
dition ; i! the cities an.l towns. The ques
tion of annexation will be left pen.
Porto Rico-Civil government to imme- i
diately replace the present military gov
ernment, to be based upon recommend
tlons made by General KSSSSggg
military governor, as to eleven
In municipal affairs. bJ>trnment
Hawaii— lmmediate latlrm t,-, ™ ♦ ,
I a Territorial v! „ ,
Scatlona ol the ; J Hl ', , '„' r ? ment
respond nearly with the present govern
ment of the islands sovern-
Foreign Affairs The outcome of The
Hague conference to be pointed to with
satisfaction, and the statelni" made That
the treaty agreed to at this nr^tl
Will be submitted at once^theiS
Gratification will also be exprls^i "^ :
the final settlement of the Vo^zuela
boundary controversy. Samoa will come
in for a large share of attention The
exciting events of the year will be re
viewed and the statement made that ne
gotiations are In progress for a final so
The San Francisco Call.
lution of these troublesome questions, and
that a treaty providing for a new plan of
government will probably be submitted to
the Senate during the coming session.
Announcement is to be made of the
modus vivendi agreed to for a temporary
boundary between Alaska and British
possessions and the hope to be expressed
that a permanent agreement will be
speedily reported, and that, through the
medium of the high joint commission, all
other questions pending between the ■
United States and Canada will be dis- j
posed of at an early date.
Department of Commerce— The neces
sity for a new executive department, with
a Cabinet officer at its head, to have
charge of all matters relating to inter
state, colonial and foreign commerce,
which are now scattered among the sev
eral different departments, to be strongly
Financial— The maintenance of the pres
ent gold standard, the currency and bank
ing recommendation to be based upon the :
conclusions of the Republican caucus
committee of the House of Representa
tives and the Republican members of the
Finance Committee of the Senate. Atten
tion will be directed to the satisfactory
working of the tariff and Internal revenue
laws and to the fact that the receipts of
the Government are equal to the expendi
tures, notwithstanding the heavy drain of
the Philippines campaign.
Trusts- Regulation of trusts and great
commercial combinations so as to pre
vent the stifling of competition and the
levying of tribute upon consumers by in
ordinate advances in prices, but without
in any way hampering the development of
American manufacturing and commerce.
[nterocean Emphasis to be given
to formal recommendations and to the
importance of early action by Congress
for the construction of an interoceanic
waterway to meet the new military and
commercial situation growing out of the
acquisition of islands in the Caribbean
Sea and in the Pacific Ocean. Recom
mendation as to specific route to be de
layed until the Canal Commission makes
its report.
Shipping— The passage of a subsidy bill
to be urged lor the establishment of
American steamship lines to the colonies
and to enable American ships to compete
for the commerce of the world.
Army— Recommendations for the perma
nent reorganization of the army to be de
layed until after the close of the war in
the Philippines. Regulars and volunteers
generally to bo commended for heroic con
duct; and recommendations to be made
for special medals for all volunteers who
remained In service after the ratification
of the treaty of peace with Spain, and for
all regulars who especially distinguished
themselves under fire.
Navy— Several additional cruisers of the
Olympia class, authority for the purchase
of Krupp armor and an increase of of
ficers and men to be recommended. No
reference will probably be made to the
nominations of Rear Admirals Sampson
and Schley and other officers participating I
in the Santiago campaign, which failed of j
action last session of Congress, but later
In the session something will probably be
done by the administration toward re
warding these men.
Memorial bridge— Recommendations to
be made for the construction of a memo
rial bridge connecting Washington with
the Arlington National Cemetery to com
memorate the memory of the men who
fell in the civil and Spanish wars, and to
symbolize the reunion of the North and
the South.
Preliminary Encounters Precede the First
Important Battle of the War, Which
Is Now in Progress,
LONDON, Eng., Oct. 19.
— What will probably
prove the first impor
tant action of the war is reported
to have commenced Wednesday
twenty miles west of Ladysmith,
Natal, the cavalry scouts. Gen-|
era! Sir (ieorge Stewart White.
having encountered the Orange
Free State commands, reported j
to number more than io.oooj
men. and which invaded Xatal
through the passes of the Dra
kensberg Mountains. It is un
derstood that General Prinsloo,
commandant general of the Free
State, is directing the movements
of the Boers.
General White has 9000 men
of all arms and is sending r.
strong force to support the out
posts, and a few hours are likely
to give indication of the result
of the first test of strength be
tween the Boers and the British.
A few fresh rumors from the
Mafeking district do not carry
knowledge of the real situation,
but as nearly all reports are from
Boer sources and do not claim
substantial victory, it may be as
sumed that Colonel Baden-
Powell's command there is hold
ing its own. The situation of the
British, however, is undeniably
unpleasant. Unless reinforced
they will be compelled to suc
cumb, as the enemy has all the
advantages, including Mafeking' s
water supply, which has already
been cut off.
LADYSMITH, Oct. IS, 5:25 p. m.— The
British forces came into contact with the
enemy In the neighborhood of Acton
Homes and Lesters station, about sixteen
miles out. this morning.
The British cavalry patrols have been
in action at Acton Homes and Leaters
station since midday, and the action Is
still In progress. A number of casual
ties has been reported. Supports are
leaving the camp and expect to fight to
Boer-British Movements on the Natal Frontier.
Pictorial map of Upper Natal and Transvaal and Orarge Free State frontier, showing the advance movements of
the several bodies of Boers and the disposition of the British troops opposing them, with important places and lines of
The Boers are ■working . around both
sides with the idea of getting south of
Ladysmith and attacking In force with
the co-operation of Commandant General
Reports have been received here stating
that the Boers moved from Helpmakaar
to-night to cut the railway between Glen
coe and Ladysmith, near Waschbank, and
also that they have threatened Colenso
by means of bands sent from the Free
State, General Meyers commanding, sent
from Helpmakaar. The Free Staters are
advancing in two columns from Tlntwa
and Van Reenans passes against this
place. .■_■.•:".•*.■".*
General Jouborfs forces are moving
against Glencoe and testers station, on
the llarrismith branch line.
The Boers from Van Reenans Pass came
by the Blaanwbank way, their patrols fir
ing early this morning on the British
scouts. Three hundred Boers tried inef
fectually to cut off small parties of the
British, but the Natal boys were more
wary than they and retired firing. The
Boers, as usual, took advantage of the
hills, rocks and gullies to hide themselves,
but being unable to advance they used
cannon against the British riflemen, who
nevertheless maintained a stout resist
ance. The tiring was very heavy.
The country about Acton Homes being
more open, the English mounted volun
teers there are falling back upon Dew
drop. The force of Boers engaged at Ac
ton Homes numbered about 2000. There
were rather fewer at Besters. It is re
ported that the Boers there are hemmed
in and suffering severely.
An official note published here says: "A
Free State commando yesterday' com
menced actual hostilities. The Free State
has thus taken on itself the responsibility
of beginning war and cannot hereafter
pose as the injured party."
LONDON, Oct. 19.— There is still no
authentic news from Mafeking, but all
reports tend to confirm the belief that
Colonel Baden-Powell is holding his own
and no credit is given to the vague rumor
that a flag of truce had been displayed.
A considerable enpragement. is antici
pated in the vicinity of Ladysmith to-day.
The combined advance of Boers and Free
State troops in this direction lias been ex
ecuted with no inconsiderable skill, and
shows a clear appreciation of the British
position. General Sir George Stewart
White has 12.000 men and forty-six guns
available, besides a considerable force of
volunteers, to hold Lady smith, and no
anxiety is felt on his account, for tho
Natal country, where the engagement is
expected, is fairly open, and although the
work of moving them will be difficult, the
guns, arc likely to do good work.
The country is not favorable for Boer
tactics, and It will be very difficult for
them to avoid the exposure of their flanks
to attack by a vigorous and mobile enemy
already occupying useful positions, that
is. supposing they really mean to fight
and nut merely to attempt to draw Gen
eral White farther out with a view of sur
rounding him. General White has a large
body of excellent cavalry, which will be
put to good use.
The foregoing about exhausts the actual
war news this morning. The worst fea
tures of the situation are regarded to be
the probability of native risings, which,
whether on behalf of or against the Boers,
are certain to produce serious complica
tions, besides danger to the few hundred
whites in these districts.
The havoc the Boers are making with
the railway and telegraph lines will seri
ously impede the movements of General
Sir Redvers Buller's army corps. There
are conflicting reports as to whether the
Boers have or have not occupied Helpma
koar. According to the best accounts the
rumor that they have clone so is untrue,
but if the Boers have succeeded in this
maneuver they are completely around the
right of General Stewart White's position
and will be able both to attack him at an
advantage or move down Into Natal be
hind him.
The Daily News points this out and
seems to think that if the Boers loop their
way through Zulu territory or Basuto
land the natives ought to be permitted to
exact respect for their own territory.
The Morning Post criticises England's
Continued on Second Fage.
Challenger and Gup Defender Columbia
Both in Fine Form for the Third
Race of the Series.
NEW YORK, Oct. 18.— Measurer John Hyslop announced at the New York
Yacht Club that the new measurement of the Shamrock made by him this
morning: shows the yacht's present water line to be 55.95 feet, and her racing
length, by club rule. 102.565 feet. He states that the Shamrock will now allow
the Columbia sixteen seconds In a thirty-mile course. To-morrow's race will
be fifteen miles to windward or leeward and back, the start to be made at 11
o'clock, as usual.
NEW YORK. Oct. I?.— A half hour be
fore sunset to-day the Shamrock lay in
side Sandy Hook, gently tugging at her
mooring buoy. An eighth of a mile away
was the Columbia idly rocking on the
ripple within the Horseshoe. On board
th>-> Shamrock there was activity. Her
crew wns completing the 'adjustment of
shrouds and stays to secure the new top
mast that had been sent up at noon to
replace the one carried away yesterday.
On board the Columbia there was no ac
tivity. All were at ease. The crew sat
on deck, where everything was ready for
to-morrow's event. Captain Barr leaned
against the slide of the companionway
and smoked. Meanwhile he gazed across
the water, watching the progress of prep
aration on the disabled opponent. Condi
tions aboard the American craft indicated
calm anticipation and serene confidence.
The stress of preparation about the Brit
ish yacht well marked the natural anx
iety there as to the performance of the
untried spar and the entire craft in to
morrow's weather.
Early in the day it had been the pur
pose of the visitors to go outside with
the Shamrock and test her new equip-
merit, but though she came down the
harbor from her remeasurement early
this afternoon the shortening daylight af
forded too little time after all had been
Meanwhile in the upper bay, off Bay
ridge, the steam yacht Erin, with Sir
Thomas Llpton on board, had been coal
ing ship. He had hoped repairs might
be finished in time to permit the Sham
rook to try out somewhat In a spin out
At 4:30 o'clock the Erin steamed down
to her moorings within the Hook. Stand
ing on the bridge Sir Thomas observed
the last detail of her preparations and
his hope for a spin out to-day gave way
to conviction to its Impossibility. As the
Erin's crew ceased turning and she
slowed down near her moorings, Sir
Thomas was peering through his glasses
toward the Narrows, where he sighted the
hig liner Oceanic bearing down, outward
"I shall go outside with the Oceanic,"
said he. "to bid gdod-by to Lord Beres
ford and other friends on board."
A little later, while Sir Thomas chatted
and leaned on the quarter dock bulwarks,
a little sloop sailed by within hailing dis
tance. Three men thereon, each holding
aloft a mug of beer, shouted heartily,
"Here's luck to you for to-morrow, Sir
Thomas!" A half-amused smile over
spread the face of the Shamrock's owner
as he heard, and lifted his cap.
"Do you know," he ejaculated, "there
have come to me many evidences of good
will? Here, for instance," added Sir
Thomas, selecting one from many tele
grams that had just been sent from shore,
"here is some friend who says: 'Don't
be disheartened. Shamrock may lose, but
Sir Thomas wins the respect and good will
of millions of Americans.' And I can say
now through the Associated Press to mi
own people and to the American people
that I have proved what I believed to be
true — that no man ever met a more cor
dial greeting than 1 have here. No man
ever found more generous hearts, more
willing hands or more honest men than I
have since I came to America. I have
proved this, I say, to the people of my
own nation." And the manner of Sir
Thomas was emphatic.
"And if the Shamrock should lose now.
how long- before her owner may appear
here with another boat to lay siege to the
trophy?" was asked.
"Ah, that brings me back." said Sir
Thomas, -'to the greatest difficulty I have
confronted here. I must be sure of a de
signer. I cannot design a boat and I
must be certain on that point before I
can talk of another attempt should the
Shamrock lose now. You see, I am seri
ously embarrassed because of Mr. Fife's
illness. I have not seen my designer in
over three weeks. We take in over three
tons of ballast -to-day, do you see? Well,
then we suffer because Mr. Fife Is unable
to be about and direct these matters that
none of the others of our party are skilled
In. Is she on her true water line— the line
she was designed to sail on? We are not
sure. Her designer would know, but he
has not seen his boat since she was first
measured. He is sick and unable to leave
his room. We do not know whether the
Shamrock has ever in these waters sailed
on her true water line. She is certainly
not now sailing on the same water lino
as when she sailed In the Solent. The
ballast put in the Shamrock to-day was
put. in on Mr. Fife's advice. Has it been
so placed as to serve the exact purpose
he intended? We do not know to a cer
tainty. He is sick and we have done the
best we know how. It is a most serious
handicap for us to be deprived of his per
sonal direction and advice."
The ballast put aboard the Shamrock
last night consists of pigs of lead weigh
ing about twenty-five pounds each, made
handy in shape to stow in between the
frames of the yacht, down as low as pos
sible, where they will do the most good.
Three and a half tons of it was passed
on board and stowed below. Most of this
weight was put aft. judging from the ap
pearance of the yacht to-day, for she
seemed to trim more by the stern than
It was learned to-day that the cause
of the accident to the topmast was not
the parting of the shroud at the "nip,"
as was generally supposed. The mast it
self broke first, not being able to stand
the strain brought upon it by the
wrenching swing of the great club top
sail spars when the yacht plunged into
the head seas. One of the 3hrouds broke,
it is said, when the wreckage went down
to leeward.
The Shamrock picked up her old gre^n
mooring buoy on the Horseshoe at
this forenoon. Half an hour after mak
ing the anchorage the new topmast,
phrouds and stays ■.• up. When
the Erin arrived at 4:30 from Bayridga,
where she. had been coaling, the Sham
rock's crew wore clearing up the deck.
All in all it had been a hard (lay's prep
aration. Mr. Ratsey kept ship on ihe
Plymouth in the absence of the others
on deck. Captains Hogarth and Wringe
were turned in below getting a wink of
sleep, and so it fell to him to meet all
"My men worked last night." said Mr.
Ratsey, "repairing the tear in the top
sail. It was well there was no race to
day, for there would not have been wind
The Columbia's men had a day of rest.
The entire scene of action had been
changed by the unfortunate break. It
was the laddies on the Shamrock who
looked out from their ease on earlier
days and watched the Columbia men
working aloft and below and overhauling
the standing and running rigging. True
the Columbia men made the usual exami
nation of the ship this morning and later
scrubbed the yacht's side-. After that
they rested. C. Oliver Iselin left for
home early in the morning, and it was
late in the afternoon before he returned.
A number <>f Sir Thomas I,ipton's
guests snilcil to-day for Europe on the
White Star steamship Oceanic. Lord and
Lady Charles Beresford were the last to
go aboard the oceanic. The other guests
of Sir Thomas who sailed on the Oceanic
were Hon. Cecil Brownlow, Halnford
Burdette, Right Hon. Arnold Morley.
M. P., F. Morley, and Mr. and Mrs.
Alfred Muir, Kenneth Murchlson, L.
Sackville West, W. D. Ross, Joseph Law
rence and Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth Wilson
and Miss Muriel Wilson.
Minnesotan Kills His Wife and Three
Sons and Then Ends His
Own Life.
MINNEAPOLIS Oct. IS.— A special to
the Times from Redwood Falls, Minn.,
says: Frank B. Babcock, a farmer re
siding near this city, killed his wife and
three sons on his farm to-day in a fit of
Babcock loaded his gun and went to
where his two little boys were playing
near the house and shot both of them,
blowing out their brains. His wife saw
the act and rushed to the barn for
safety. Babcock searched for and found
her in the barn and shot her through the
head. He then walked a mile to where
his eldest son was working and blew out
the brains of this son. Then he placed
the muzzle of the gun to his mouth and
tired, killing himself instantly. ~

PARIS, Oct. 18.— M. Gohier, writer of
leading articles for the Dreyfusard organ,
Aurore, fought a duel to-day with the
son of General Merrier, former Minister
of War.
M. Mercier was pinked in the chest, but
is not thought to be seriously hurt.
Bicyclists Fined.
WOODLAND, Oct. IS.— Twenty bicy
clists were arrested yesterday for riding
on the sidewalk. The cases were heard
this afternoon and nineteen pleaded guilty
aiui were fined $2 50. In one instance a
plea of not guilty was entered. This de
fendant will file a demurrer.
Lederer Held.
"WOODLAND, Oct. IS.— Fred Lederer.
the old man who assaulted his wife with
a butcher knife, has been held to answer
before the Superior Court on a charge of
assault with intent to commit murder.
Bail has been fixed at JSOOO, which he has
been unable to give.

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