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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, October 21, 1899, Image 2

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2
PARLIAMENT IN AN UPROAR
OVER WAR APPROPRIATION
Irish Members Fteht the Bill and Redmond Is
Finally Forced to Leave the
House.
LONDON, Oct. 20.— 1n the House of
Commons to-day the First Lord of the
Treasury and Government leader, Arthur
J. Balfour, moved an address of thanks
to her Majesty for the royal message call
ing out the militia. John' Dillon, Nation
alist member of East Mayo, moved an
amendment declaring lit- embodiment of
the militia unnecessary. This was rejected
by a vote of 2'Ai against 36.
In reply to a question regarding j
the rumored purchase of Delagoa
Bay by Great Britain, Mr. Balfour ;
paid no arrangements had been made
for such a transaction! Replying to i
a question as to Samoa, he said no d#cl-
Bion had yet been reached as to the future
administration of the Islands, and that the
matter was still under consideration.
The House having 'gone into committee i
of supply, the Parliamentary Under ore- !
tary of State for War, Mr. Wyndham. in- j
troduced the supplementary army eeti- j
mates. In the course of an explanation
of the nature of the call and of the man- '
nor in which the nation had responded to I
it. he said:
"The British military system. If it is
worth anything, must enable us to send
an expedition abroad without depriving
our homes of protection. We cannot be
satisfied unless we can send such an expe
dltlon without destroying the machinery
for maintaining our army abroad."
Dealing with the army corps now going \
out. Mr. Wyndham said it numbered 24,- ;
(H>J regulars, all trained and mature men.
Including 6000 cavalry, 114 guns, 261 wag
ons, from 9000 to 11,000 horses and 14,000
mules. It had been necessary to call a
portion of the reserve In order to bring |
some of the regiments to their full war j
6tr<ngtn. The Government therefore had :
called for 25,000 men. Assuming that 21,0 ft)
would be live — and this expectation
had been illy verified— the British force ;
la the field would consist of 20,000 men
with the colors and 21,000 reservists,
•"This may em a large force," said j
Mr. Wyndham," but we must reflect that j
the two republics, by their juxtaposition, !
have a strategical advantage, enabling !
them to concentrate for attack at any
l>ulnt on a frontier of 2020 miles, a fron- j
tier everywhere hundreds of miles from
the sea, arid when we further consider the
area involved, which is Inhabited by 3,300,- '
ouo natives, it is clear that considerations
<-.f humanity dictate that the empire :
thould display an unmistakable exhibition
of strength to secure one of its greatest
dependencies from the horrors of dilatory
operations."
In explaining the organization of the j
enormous transport service, Mr. Wynd- >
liam said the reason it was not mobilized ;
Amid the shrieks of whistles the Columbia
swept grandly across the finish line at
2:^. followed six minim-? and thirty-four
seconds later by the beaten Shamrock.
This Is what Sir Thomas Upton had to
Fay about his defeat:
"We had to-day a fair wind and what
we supposed to be Shamrock weather.
The Columbia won on her merits, ajid she
is the better boat. My opponents have
treated me not only fairly, but generously.
1 have no complaint to make, and even if
] wished to iind fault I would not do it.
I certainly have it in mind to win the cup.
I must consult -with the builders and take
a few days to consider the challenge, but
1 shall challenge again unless Bom« one
else comes forward. If so, I shall stand
aside."
Mr. Iselln. when seen after the race,
taid that he had been convinced all along
that the Columbia was a better boat than
the Shamrock, and that this test In
weather" has proved it.
Captain Barr of the Columbia said he
thouerht it was a grand race and said fur
ther that he had never had any fear as to
the final outcome of the contest.
"As for my sailor men," he added, ' they
deserve all the credit in the -world."
Mr. Morgan was delighted with the vic
tory, as were all other members or the
New York Yacht Club. ,\ r ""-i,
"Are the dudes all here?" asked Mr. Mor
gan, laughingly, referring to some news
paper criticism about a multitude of coun
selors:. The joy that was on board the Co
lumbia spread" to that vessel's tender, the
St. Michaels, where each member of the
winning crew was greeted with a storm of
cheers as he, came on board.
Captain Robley D. Evans of the United
State? navy, who had charge of th pa
trol fleet; was the recipient of many con
gratulations last evening on the manner
in which the course ha-: Deen kept clear.
"I am glad." he said, that th( contest
Is over, for it had grown a bit tiresome.
The officers and men of the revenue cut
ter? and those of ■ ie torpedo flotilla are
entitled to all credit, and if I ever have
another detail like this I will not want a
better fleet captain than my friend Cap
tain Roberts of the Manning."
Though his yacht has been beaten In the
contest for the cup, there is to Sir Thomas
Lipron no gloom in defeat. Throughout it
all he has conducted himself as a true
sportsman should, .id so popular has he
become that there is now a movement on
foot to present him a loving cup, a move
ment that is headed by former Mayor
Strung and other prominent men of this
c ' tv -
TECHNICAL STORY
OF THE FINAL RACE
OF THE BIG YACHTS
NEW YORK. Oct. 20.— Out of the north
ward with a rush came a (rood stiff breeze
this morning, <-'.earing away what hale
and fog then waa between 7 and 8
o'clock and giving the skippers and crews
of the Columbia and the Shamrock the
best encouragement they have yet re
ceived for a race.
By 9:30 both yachts were passing
through tho ro:ter end of Gedncys Chan
nel and a few minutes later, after easting
off from thoir tugboats, they were stnnd-
S and on, under mainsail and Jib,
trying the bree*e, which was now from
by '-ast and Increasing in
weigl mute. By 10:20 the wind
was blowing fully twenty miles an bour,
churning up quite a littlu sea off th<>
hip, and it I : i-tful then
■ins would be able to carry
even working topsails over their main
sails, much less their big clubpails.
Tl i! corns ■ ■ ■ the course slg- !
nals, south by west, soon after 10:30. The'
ratory signal was given .it. IQ;4C, the
warning at v>. .'■."> ami th-> one to start at
lock. Just v* the preparatory signal '
;■>•■ n the Shamrock ?ot her working
I an ill. Th.; Columbia's
waa not yet set. Both yachts wro man
euvering north of th<* !in<>, with bon>'
oard, when the warning piifnai was
The Shamrock. hi-:id:ng about
44 A Miss is As
Good as a Mile/
If you are not entirely 'well, you are ill.
Illness does not mean death's door. It is
a sense of weariness, a " tired feeling" a
life filled with nameless pains and suffer-
ing. In 90% of cases the blood is to blame.
Hood's Sarsaparilla. is Nature's corrective
for disorders of the blood,
earlier would bo apparent when he de
clared that the embodiment of three army
corps for home defense and tho dispatch
of two army corps to a country where
facilities of locomotion existed would be
a graver yet a shorter and easier task.
By October 25 24.000 men would be shipped;
that Is. In less than six days.
The cost of mobilizing 4:." 1 " 1 men, trans
ferring them six thousand miles, equip
ping them, maintaining them for four
months in a land destitute of surplus sup
plies, Mr. Wyndham said, would be
£7 000,000.
"By dispatching these thirty-three bat
talions," he continued, "we destroyed
thirty-three machines for training men
and instructing officers in their simplest
duties, and we broke up the more com
plex organism of brigades necessary for
the instruction of general and staff ofll
cers. The Government, therefore, pro
poses to embody, thirty-three battalions
ol militia.
"We would have violated a fundamental
principle of our army system if we had
mobilized without militia, that principle
being that when all the battalions o: a
regiment are sent abroad we must call out
the afliliated militia battalion and form
a provisional battalion by welding the
militia and tho men under twenty left be
hind.
"Cavalry and field artillery are
strengthened differently. We propose to
raise seven cavalry regiments remaining
at home to a higher establishment and to
raise the nineteen home batteries to six
gun establishments. The steps 1 have
described will not be made to assist in
the war against the two republics, but
to put the army in the same position as
it was before the war. Such steps are nec
essary unless we are content, firstly to
exist as a nation on sufferance of other
powers, and secondly to allow to perish
the army machine contrived during the
last nineteen years at a groat sacrifice
on the part of the taxpayers, to protect
these Islands, and that train forces to de
fend the empire over seas."
Mr. Wyndham concluded with a eulogy
of the commander in chief. Lord Wolse
ley, and of the officers of the colonies.
The Irish members and Henry Labou
chere alone opposed the estimates.
Michael Davitt. Nationalist, character
ized the war as a "hideous and damnable
massacre." He said there had never been
such magnificent robbery by force,"doubt
less because the prize was the greatest
that ever tempted the cupidity of the em
pire."
John Dillon, Nationalist, thought that a
great country ought to be ashamed to
have to call out Its reserves.
William Redmond, ellite, vigorously
denounced the policy of the Government
and was repeatedly called to order by the
speaker for rambling. He contrasted the
attitude of Great Britain toward Venezu
ela with her attitude toward the Trans
vaal.
"In the former case," he said, "the
United States announced that Great Brit
northeast, had the Columl ■ 10 her
H.>fh were tying down with
their \c-v rails awash.
The Shamrock came about first and
kr-pt off f>>r th-< line when two minutes
wi : -H ivi't before l -. al. The Colum
bia, afu-r standing on a few s< conda long
er on ilit- i>urt tack, cam<- about on
the Shamrock a weather quarter, ami
a? both approa* hed the ■<•■.•■ with
the Columbia in the weather
the latter's spinnaker boom was dropped
to pi ' the gun waa Bred. The
ock, running down before th<> wind,
reached th<^ vicinity of the committee boat
a fVw s<-ot>ndt too soon, m» Captain Ho
garth kept her broad off to use up the
time and then luff-'d across the commit
sktii Just at gun lire, crossing
the line- at a twelve-knoi i Up, with the Co
lumbia several lengi tei ad :, her
weather quarter. Capl r luffed tin.
diagonally across the line until
rew were readj to set the spinnaker
to start. i»rcL It waa broken out at 1.
- lamrock's thirtj .- -Mids later.
official time of the start waa
umbia, 11:01:35.
Shamrock, 11:00:34.
The Shamrock had certainly the better
i of the start, and with such a breeze blow
ing over her taffrail it seemed as if her
j chance had come to show her speed in a
run-down before the wind. In setting
the. Columbia's spinnaker the boom had,
be?n slacked so far forward that at 11:03
the sail lifted over the head stays by the
force of the wind. For a moment it
looked as if the sail would be split, but
by careful handling of the guy it was
; brought back to its position In a few
: minutes.
Those who expected to see the Colum
: Ma walk right away from the Shamrock
i were disappointed. Five minutes passed—
! ten. fifteen— and thfre was no noticeable
• difference In the positions of the boats.
! The green yacht maintained her lead, her
! spinnaker remaining: exactly where It was
put and Fpiiiing the wind into the stay
sail, Jib and baby Jib topsails, which sails
had been carried from the start.
Captain Barr at 11:11. finding that the
Columbia was not overhauling the Sham
' rock to any extent, had the working top
i sail set. The spinnaker continued to be
have badly, flying over the head stays
twice In the next twenty minutes, thereby
losing seconds of time fur the yacht. The
course of fifteen miles to leeward was to
i bring the yachts down off Asbury Park
i for the turn. When they pasted the Long
: Branch pier at about ll;i>0 the Shamrock
was leading by an eighth of a mile, the
Columbia sailing directly in her wake.
The Columbia took In her fore stay sail
at that time, leaving only the jib as the
headsail.
At 12:15 the Columbia, which had been
steadily gaining on the Shamrock, passed
to her port, taking In the working topsail
: as "she did bo so as to be ready for the
; windward work. Her spinnaker came in
i at 12:1S and the Shamrock's was doused
i thirty seconds later. It was to be close
work at the run. Both skippers held on
their spinnakers to the last moment and
; then had been no chance to round either
yacht's main sheet. The official time at
! the outer mark was:
Columbia. 12:19:00.
Shamrock, 12:19:17.
Columbia's elapsed time from the start
: to this point had been 1:17:27, the Sham
rock's 1:13:43, showing that In the fifteen
mllft run before the wind Columbia had
gained 1:18. The yachts were only sev
enteen seconds apart at the turn. This
was Indeed close work after a fifteen-mile
spinnaker run.
Leaving the mark to starboard the Co
lumbia luffed widely around it, while the
crew hauled aft the main sheet. The
Sl::imrock's captain was forced to makf a
Btill widfr turn. Then, luffing up sharply,
he tried ? ri cross tho Columbia's wake and
capture the weather berth. Skl;>por Barr,
however, had a weather eye out for such
an f»mpr£f>ncy. He gave the whlto sloop
a "North River" luff, placing her well out
i/ii the Shamrock's weather bow.
It took some few minutes to get sheets
trimmed and for both yachts to settle
down to business on the starboard tack.
Captain Hogarth gave the Shamrock a
good,* hard full, hoping to outfoot the
Columbia.
The wind was blowing at least twenty
five miles an hour and there was a jump
of a sea on, sufficient to make racing
craft do some rather heavy diving. They
heeled till the greater portion of their
weather bilges were exposed. ■
At 12:32 the Shamrock's topsail was
taken In. She was then throwing spray In
I ouds across her deck, making, if any
thing, worse weather of It than the
Columbia.
Captain Hogarth put her about at 32:40.
and one minute and thirty seconds later
tin Columbia wont about. This was about
twenty .minutes after they had rounded
the outer mark. The Columbia was then
between a Quarter and a half-mile to
windward and the same distance ahead of
tno. hnamrpek. She was Increasing her lead
; every minute Both tacked to starboard
|at 12:5,. Holding this tack for twenty
| one minute, they came about to port, the
■ Columbia having been steadily outpolot
ing the other. At 1:19:05 she went about
Ito starboard for a short bout of X m n .
i vites. .Th« Shamrock, however, made the
1 During ihe^i^H
minutes the
THE SA:N FRANCISCO CALL, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1899.
aln would have to arbitrate, and the Brit- '
ish lion went to sleep. . There has been no j
arbitration with the Transvaal because ]
the Transvaal has no neighbor like tho
United States."
Proceeding to discuss the vote of money
for the troops, Mr. Redmond again pro
tested against the vast sums being spent
in war, declaring that the money ought to
be expended in aid of distressed Ireland.
At this point the chairman interposed, de
claring that Mr. Redmond's remarks were
irrelevant.
Mr. Redmond persisted in his remarks,
and the chairman asked him to resume his
seat. This he refused to do and he was
then ordered to withdraw, which order he
also refused to obey. , r
An uproarious scene ensued, Mr. Red
mond attempting to continue and his voice
being drowned by the cheers of the Irish
members and cries of "Order!" and "With
draw!" from the opposition benches.
The chairman, at length, being able to |
make himself heard, asked Mr. Redmond
if he declined to withdraw. The latter re- |
plied that he did not wish to be discourte
ous, but he maintained his right to protest
that the money ought to be spent in Ire
land, adding, "I will not withdraw. It is
mere robbery or plunder."
The chairman then called the sergeant
at arms to remove the offending member, i
and Mr. Redmond, amid a scene of confu- ,
sion, Bald he would not trouble the ser- i
geant at arms and walked out amid Na
tionalist cheers and the laughter of the
other members. . - ; 1- ■
Turning to the Ministerialist benches as
he left the chamber, Mr. Redmond shout-!
Ed, "1 wish you joy of the blood of the
Boers and your victory over the poor
Transvaal farmers."
Mr. Balfour closed the debate by mov
ing closure, and the vote for the troops j
was then adopted by 200 to 35.
After an angry passage between Sir
Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett, Conservative
member for the Ecclaall division of Shef
field, and Michael Davitt. Nationalist
member for South Mayo, at the conclusion
of which Davitt was called upon to with •
draw an expression characterizing a !
statement of Sir Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett
as a falsehood, Mr. Dillon suggested that
a vote be taken on the main question. He
would only ask. he said, an assurance of
the same treatment for the enemy's
wounded as for the wounded of the Brit- i
ish.
Mr. Balfour replied that the dictates of
humanity and civilization would Insure
that. Mr. Balfour then read the follow
ing gram from Major Yule, dated from
Glencoe Camp at 7 o'clock this evening:
"I regret to report that General Bymona :
is mortally wounded. Other casualties
will follow. The important success to
day is due to General Symons' courage
and generalship and to the gallant exam
ple and confidence he gave to the troops i
under his command "
The vote of £10,000.000 was then carried,
the result being announced as 271 for and
S2 against the credit. The House then
■A 11 11! 1!. d.
Shamrock made three tjirVcs and the Co
lumbia two and at 1:40, when tho Colum
tacked to port, the wind had fallen
• i for a short time. At 1:45 the Sham
rock Bent up a small club topsail. The
wind soon freshened, canting a couple of
points westerly. The Shamrock, having
Bpllt tacks with the Columbia, was head
starboard tack when
the shift came. Hogarth a< once put the
■ '-k about and tonk ad\ I c
this slant.
It was noticed when the Shamrock camp
rt tack, at I:4S, that her
lon had ben considerably bettered,
partly, perhaps, by reason of her carry-
Ing the club topsail maklnir her foot
raster, but chiefly because ot th.: slnft of
wind, which she apparently got a few
! minutes before the Columbia. At nny
when the Columbia tacked to star
she met the Shamro
ther tack beading to the northward
and it looked doubtful f<>r a few moments
if the American boat could cross th
or"s bow. Captain Barr did not give li -
: garth tlie chance to find out, but lacked
rt at 2:02:30, leaving the Shamrock
on hia weather quarter about a quarter
>■•: a mile away. Both were th. n heading
well Up for the lightship and the finish.
At 2:32 the Shamrock made a Short
hitch -inshore of about a minute. The
Columbia also mad.* a short hitch of two
minutes inshore, then another hitch of
two minutes to port, going about finally
r last tackto the starboard at 2:37:10.
She da hed tcross the ilnl?h line on this
tack three minutes latf-r. f.-ti-hing up by
i the lightship, which marked the Ire end of
; the Une, with i U ■ ty o! room to span .
Every man aboard waved his hat or
bou' 'wester as he stood up close along tho
, weather rail a moment after th^ whistle.
i blew.
The Rhnmrock crossed the finish line on
the prune lack, aft^r tnrklns close to the
} committee boat's Btern. Sir Thomas
Lipton's yacht (Inishrd five minutrp and
ids after the Columbia.
; She was defeated in this race, the final of
; the Beries, by six minutes eighteen Bee
! onds actual time, and six minutes thirty
j four seconds corrected time.
As the yachts were being towed in a
man was sent aloft aboard the Columbia
In a bosun's chair with three American
yacht ensigns. One was fastened to the
masthead and one to each end of the
backstay spreaders. A large Hag also
flew from the Columbia's topping lift, just
above the main boom. Commodore J. Pler
pont Morgan's steam yacht Corsair, the
flagship of the New York Yacht Club, had
an American ensign at each masthead.
at the end of each gaff, on the jackstaff
forward and on the stern staff.
For the first time in the remembrance
of yachtsmen who have seen all the In
ternational congests for the America's
cup, an American ensign was hoisted at
each masthead of the. yacht Erin, the
property of the S owner of the defeated
sloop. The Shamrock. in tow, passed the
Columbia to her mooring on her way Into
Sandy Hook Bay. The challenging yacht's
crew lined up on her port Bide and gave
three hearty British cheers, to which the
Columbia's men, standing along their
starboard rail, answered promptly and
with vigor— three cheers and a tiger. •
The official summary was:
Start— Columbia, 11:01:35; Shamrock.
11:00:34.
Outer Columbia, 12:19:00; Sham
rock. 12:19:17.
Finish— Columbia, 2:40:00; Shamrock,
2:45:17.
Elapsed Columbia, 3:38:25; Sham
rock. 3:44:43.
Corrected time— Columbia, 3:38:09; Sham
rock; 3:44:43.
The Shamrock allowed the Columbia
16.2 seconds.
FIGHTING THAT PRECEDED
BATTLE OF TALANA HILL
T.ADYSMITH. Oct. 19 (delayed in trans
mission).—The carbineers and border
mounted rifles, who have been In action
with the enemy nearly all day, returned
this evening, falling back fighting In the
face of some 2000 Boers. They were sev
eral times almost cut oft, but a Maxim
gun held the Boers In check. It Is re
ported that sixteen Boers were killed.
Several times the Boers came within 400
yards range, but their shooting was bad
and the Maxims rendered signal service
in stopping their rushes. They have a
larpro wat'on train and artillery.
ALIWAL NORTH, (ape Colony, Oct.
]9 (delayed In transmission).— The Boer
force from Smlthfleld has moved to Beth
ulle, where 2000 Boers are now concen
trated. Their plan of campaign appears
to be for the RouxvWe contingent, cross
ing the Orange River first, as they fear
the North bridge is mined, to circle
Allwal North and to seize the railway.
Simultaneously the Bethulie contingent.
It appears, la to cross the border, seize
the railway and proceed to Albert Junc
tion, there to meet the Rouxville force.
If this plan succeeds the Boers expect
the Dutch In Cape Colony to Join them.
The Rouxville force has artillery, in
cluding a Krupp run.
GUARDS BOTH
AMERICAN AND
BRITISH INTERESTS
CONSUL C. E. MACRUM.
Charles Everson Macrum, United States
Consul at Pretoria, who has been placed
In charge of British interests in thftTrans
vaal during the war, was born in Pitts
burg, Pa., thirty-three years ago. He
was appointed by President McKlnley
t'onsul at Pretoria In July, 1898. His wife
Is with him in South Africa. Ho was
president of the Phoenix Club, the lead-
Ing Republican organization in McKln
ley's old Congressional district, and was
at first appointed Consul to Tahiti, So
ciety Istands, but did not accept that
post.
BRITISH TROOPS
DRIVE THE BOERS
FROM TALANA HILL
Continued From First Page.
the action, and the command then de
volved on (Soiieral Yule.
The enemy, a? they fled, were followed
by tho cavalry, mounted infantry and ar
tillery. The direction taken was to the
eastward. At the latest reports the cav
alry had not returned.
Some Fay that four and pome say that
live guns were captured. The Boor artil
lery tiring was w-uk. A lot of plu
shells wore used.
Although the enemy's position was car
ried soon after 1 o'clock, a scattering fire
went on almost, all the afternoon.
The British losses are very severe, but
Of the Boers nrc much heavier.
The final rush was made with a tri
umphant yell and as the British troops
charged to close quarters the enemy
turned and fled, leaving all their impedi
mentn and guns behind them in their pre
clpltated flight.
While this waa going on one battery of
artillery, the Eighteenth Hussars and the
mounted infantry, with a part of the
Leicester regiment, sot on tho enemy's
flank, and as Mip R^rs streamed wildly
d.i wn the hills, making for the main
road, they f,»und their retreat had been
cut off, but they rallied for a while and
there was H^vero firing with considerable
loss to •;\<'h side. Many of the enemy
surrendered. A rough estimate places
the British l«>.-s at 250 killed or wounded,
and that of the Boers at ■
A newspaper correspondent states that
through his glasses during tho fighting
to-day lie noticed how much the Boers
Beemed to be nonplussed by the tactics
■if the Imperial troops, especially of tho
well drilled, swift moving horsemen. The
enemy are still as of old, a mob. They
are without horses and forage, and many
of them rely fur food upon what they
can obtain by looting. Their animals are
mostly In r wretched condition.
It 1m understood that before to-day' 3
battle Beveral Boers had left their com
mandos and gone home t<> their farms.
and many others are now likely to follow.
AS REPORTED TO
BRITISH WAR OFFICE
LONDON, Oct. 20.-The War Office has
received • the following official dispatch
fn.m Ladysmith, filed at 3:30 o'clock this
afternoon:
"This from Glencoe: We were attacked
this morning at daylight by a
furco roughly estimated at 4000.
They had placed four or five guns
In position on a hill 5400 yard? east of our
camp, and they fired plugged shells. Their
artillery did no damage. Our Infantry
formed for attack and we got our puns
into position. After the position of the
enemy had been shelled our Infantry ad
vanced to the attack, and after a hard
fight, lasting until 1:30 p. m., the almost
Inaccessible position was taken, the en
emy retiring eastward. All the Boer guns
have been captured. We can see our sol
diers at tho top of the hill. Our cavalry
and artillery are still out. General Sy
mons Is severely wounded. Our losses are j
heavy. They will be telegraphed as soon i
as possible."
WILL CHANGE BOER
PLAN OF CAMPAIGN
LONDON, Oct. 21.— The dispatches re
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*^ r\. * • V* " ** "* ■ *■•* * * 118^ South Spring Street, LO3 Angeles.
ceived from South Africa leave no doubt
that the Boers failed in their endeavor to
execute a combined attack in Natal and
that the British have achieved a brilliant
victory, but at the cost of a 'heavy list of
killed and wounded.
The Boer plan, it is evident, was to hold
the force at Ladysmlth by demonstrations
; of the Free State burghers on the western
side, so as to prevent reinforcements be
; ing sent to Glencoe. The latter place was
I to be Isolated by cutting the railway be
j tween it and Ladysmith. Finally a large
force was to make a conversing attack on
, Glencoe. The first two items of the pro
i gramme were successfully carried out,
but the combined operation against Glen-
I coe failed, owing probably to the fact that
| the Boer military organization is too
I rough and amateurish to bring large
, forces Into simultaneous action. It is be
; lieved that only 4000 Boers were in the
! actual action. A report says that 9000
more were advancing from Hattingspruit
; and a battalion of the Leicestershire Reg- i
j iment was sent to hold them in cneck. but,
| as already cabled, this force is now in re
: treat.
The inference is that only the column
from the direction of Freiheid came into
: action and that the force from
failed to arrive in time and definitely re
j tired after the position taken up by the
! fianking column had been carried by the i
j British troops.
i Not an impossible explanation is the dif- :
; ference of opinion between the younger
and the older Boers, Where the former
\ were determined at all cost to push on
, and attack without delay, the older B »ers,
Who wished to wait until all the columns
! %vere ready, had fallen back to Newcastle
i and left the others to light alone. As a
result of this hastiness the Boers wen- de
ed ami lost a number of guns. It is I
c.nsidcred probable that the older Boers j
will in the future decide the mode of con
ducting the campaign and mutual recrim
inations, if nothing else, will hamper and
delay their future actions.
It is almost Impossible to overestimate
the importance of this initial victory, the '
i result of an engagement in which, in a I
| fairly fought field, discipline and tactical
skill have to!d heavily. Besides restoring
British prestige it has proved that the
I Boer artillery, whether directed by Ger
| mans or not, is practically valueless.
BATTLE DESCRIBED BY
A NEWS CORRESPONDENT
LONDON, Oct. 20.— The Daily News
publishes the following dispatch from Its
special correspondent:
GLENCOE, Natal, Friday afternoon.—
The first battle has been fought, and the
Boers have sustained a blow which will
give them a serious pause in their ad
vance southward. In the British camp last
night it was the general expectation that
to-day would not pass without some hard
fighting:.
The enemy had been reported advancing
In force, and this rumor had been cen
flrmed by a squadron of hussars which
had been sent out ti ter, When
dawn broke this morning it W
• •nil that the Boers during the night had
occuplo.i a strong position on Dundee Hill,
about three miles easi and overlooking
the camp and the town. They had p]
several guns in position.
Almost precisely at 6 o'clock came the
boom of their first gun, and within ;i few
minutes they had developed a heavy fire.
Their practice was, however, poor, and
their sh"ts did 1:0 damage. In the n
time our own guns had taken up the chal-
It soon became apparent that
whatever might he the issue <>f the light
our artillery would not be in I
fire was magnificent. Within fifteen min
utes after our first shot 0 guns
were silenced. By this time the enemy
could be seen swarming over the hill out
side of Dundee and making toward the
south. The Intention evidently was to
turn our position.
An advance was at once ordered of in
fantry and cavalry. Both moved out, and
soon the battle was raging in the valley
outside of the town. A hot rifle lire w.is
k*>pt up by our men, no advantage offered
by the nature of the ground being
neglected. The advancing force was ef- J
fectuaJly covered hy our guns, which con
tinued to pJay upon the enemy's position.
The fire of the Boers at this point was
decidedly weak. It seemed as if their in
■ tie tive artillery work might have taken
the heart out of them.
Our men continued to advance steadily
in the face of their fire. Hid reached the i
foot of the hill in fine form. The I
seeing themselves worsted, fell back and
retired toward the east. Our losses have j
been heavy, but no details are yet pro- !
curable. The ftnal dash up the hill was a j
brilliant affair. The Dublin Fustleera did '
fine work. Nothing at this time can be
sa4d of the enemy's losses, but they must
have been very serious.
AN EXPLOSION KILLS
ONE HUNDRFD BOERS
CAPE TOWN, Oct. 20. evening.—Dis
patches dated Maf eking, Saturday night,
arid carried by dispatch riders via Kuru
man and Danclskull to Hooktown, state
that Colonel Baden Powell inflicted a
tremendous blow on tho Boers nine miles
ninth of Maf eking.
Two trucks laden with dynamite, which
it was judged unsafe to keep in MaXeklng
on account of th»» risks of explosion
Bhould the town be shelled, were sent by
nel Baden Powell nine miles out, in
thi hope that the Boers would shell and
• splodi them. And so it happened. When
the engine had uncoupled from the trucks
and retreated about a mile the enemy
shelled the trucks, with the result that a
terrible explosion occurred, killing, it is
estimated, 100 Boers.
FRANCE AND RUSSIA
ARE NOW INTERESTED
LONDON, Oct. 20.— The absence of de
tails regarding the British losses in the
engagement at Glencoe Camp causes the
deepest anxiety, and the War Office is
again besieged by relatives and friends of
those making up the forces that took
part In the fight. Among the callers was
the Duke of Abercorn, who made anxious
inquiries.
It was reported that Great Britain's
immense military preparations against
SCENE OF THE
BATTLEFIELD AT
TALANA HILL
THE NATAL BATTLEFIELD.
This map of thp country about Lady
smith and Glencoe phows Talan^i Hill,
Elands I^aagte, Rfnters and other points
of interest in the South African cam
paign.
two insignificant republics are viewed
with considerable curiosity in some of the
European capitals, notably Paris and St.
Petersburg. Notes have been exchanged
on the subject, and it is oven hinted in un
official quarters that inquiries will be ad
dressed to the British Government as to
the contemplated absorption of the two
republics by the British Empire.
The Press Association to-night an
nounces with an air of authority that the
Government's plan is to terminate the
war in the speediest possible manner after
tli« forts ;it Pretoria and Johannesburg
have been razed, and then to promulgate
by order of the Queen in council a new
constitution for a group of five federal
states— Cape Colony, the Transvaal. Na
tal, the Orange Free State and Rhodesia—
under the title of the Dominion of South
Africa, the Crown to nominate a governor
general and the five states having power
< a. h to elect its own lieutenant governor
and to have local legislators, with a Do
minion Parliament, to meet at Cape
Town. '
"With some modifications the scheme is
I upon lines similar to those of the
' Canadian Government.
BRITISH TROOPS SAIL
FOR SOUTH AFRICA
SOUTHAMPTON, Oct. 20.— The trans
port Yorkshire carrying the first troops
of the special army corps for South Af
rica cast off this afternoon at 2:2), the
other transports following at regular in
tervals. The public were . from
the dorks during the embarkation, but
Immense throngs gathered outside, cheer
ing and singing and bidding farewell to
their friends as the trains passed in.
Between this and Monda n will
leave for South Africa. As the Yorkshire
parted the public cheered vociferously
and the troopa responded with vigor. The
commander in chief, General Wolseley,
with his staff, was present at the embark
ation.
LONDON, Oct. 20.— The British Chan
nel squadron has been ordered to proceed
to Gibraltar next Thursday.
MOBILIZATION OF
THE ENGLISH TROOPS
T>O>mOTC. Oct. 20.— The mobilization is
practically completed and it is said that
more than 90 per cent of the reserves have
Joined the colors. This is considered emi
nently satisfactory. The speed at which i
the army corps has been got together has !
excited tho admiration of the German
[Barters Btaff and they have pent a
i semi-official message of congratulation
- through the British military attache in
Berlin to the service.
The London press regards this as a well
deserved compliment, the papers point
ing nut that not only have the reservists
responded splendidly but the large ma
jority of those who have reported are
■n'ly fit for service. In several ras.\s
itgoing regiments contain a prepon
derance of reservists, most of them In
the prime of manhood and mpn who hnvr>
fought in India and in Egypt. It is the
aim of the War Office to send no man to
South Africa unless he has had at least
a year's service. The only serious criti
cism apparently to be made regarding
these thousands destined for the front Is
that the reserves are for the most part
ignorant of the mechanism of the maga
zine rifle. Efforts have been made to
overcome this nrd to give the men prac
tice with the Lee-Met ford, but the time
has been too short to do much. What ef
fect this lack of familiarity with their
own weapons will have upon the accur
acy of the fire of the British can only be
Judged when the dead and wounded are
j gathered from the fields of battle.
Explosives Confiscated.
LONDON, Oct. 20.— The Dnily Telegraph
publishes the following dispatch from its
correspondent at Cape Town dated
Wednesday: A large quantity of dyna
mite dust has been seized by the customs
authorities on board a steamer
bound to Delasoa Bay. The ves
sel put into Tnble Bay and the infor
mation leaked out. The explosives were
intended for the Transvaal Government
and were accordingly confiscated.
Foil, the Basso, Dead.
LONDON. Oct. 20.— The death is an
nounced of Sisnor Foil, the well-known
basso.
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