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THURSDAY.... :....... OCTOBER 26, 1890 JOHN D. SPRECKELS, Proprietor. Address A!! Communications to W. S. LEAKE, Manager. . PUBLICATION OFFICE Market and Third Sts.. S. F Telephone Main ISCS. LDITORIAL ROOMS 217 to 22! Stevenson Street Telephone Main 1874. DELIVERED BY CARRIERS. 15 CKXTS PER WEEK. Single Copies, 5 cent*. Terrr by Mall. Including; Postage: DAILY CALL, (Including Sunday Call), one year fO.OO DAILY CALL (Including Sunday Call). 6 months 3.00 DAILY CALL (Including Sunday Call). 3 months .... 1.50 DAILY CALL— By Single Month <>3c SUNDAY CALL One Year. 1.80 WEEKLY CALL One Year !•<*> All postmasters are author!;!?* to receive subscriptions. Sample co» will be forwarded when -quested. OAKLAND OFFICE 90S Broadway C. GEORGE KROGNESS. Manager Foreign Advertising, Marquette Building, Chicago. NEW YORK CORRESPONDENT: C. C. CARLTON Herald Square NEW YORK REPRESENTATIVE « PERRY LUKENS «JR 29 Tribune Building CHICAGO NEWS STANDS. Sherman Houea; P. O. News Co.; Great Northern Hotel; Fremont Route; Auultorluin Hotel. WASHINGTON (D. C.) OFFICE.. Wellington Hotel J. L. ENGLISH, Correspondent. AMUSEMENTS. Orphaura— "Vaudeville." California— "A Breach of Promise. ** Columbia— "A Milk White Flag." Tlvoll— "La Bell* Helene." Alcazar— "The Three Musketeers." Grand Opera House— "The Conspirators." Chutes. Zwo and Theater— Vaudeville every afternoon and evening. Olyn. corner Mason and Ellis Specialties. Centra] Park— Steeplechasa ana performances. Oakland Racetrack— Races to-day. THE EXPOSURE OF SCANDALS. A JOURNAL devoted to the welfare of society as well as to the dissemination of news care fully abstains from the publication of scandals ■ private individuals as long as it is ble to do so without wrong to the community. When, however, the scandals become notorious and * b\ persons who by reason of their wealth, and the influence of their families have admis to the homes of the city it then becomes neces • ion of womanhood to expose the in order that the offender may be known and • tinst him. The contaminating effect of notorious wrong • < who rely upon wealth and social position to enable them to practice a vicious course with im- Persons thoroughly inno cent nt are not infrequently made the objei ■ ust suspicion simply because in their iciate Kith some unexposeel rascal . When to save innocent persons from that ■ ry to make public the : render, then the exposure be comes a duty which the press owes to the public. There are many persons of depraved tastes and petites with a fondness for violating the estab* :d code ■>;' social ethics who can be restrained by the fear that if they persi.-.t in evil courses be exposed and held up to public scorn. The existence of an independent press, ready to make the exposure without fear or favor, acts therefore hs munity. Even where it does ■ • leter s me bolder profligate from purging a care- -ulal, it at least gives :> A : is character and puts the homes of the city on • him. The publication of private of one of the disagreeable acts which be performed by even the most care ful journal that has any respect for virtue and any trr.e comprclv its duty to the public. BRYANISM IN NEBKASKA. RFrom Nebraska to the effect that will begin this week to make an elabor . county by county and town by ■ -mg. The fusion party in that State hu~ made Kryani>m the chief issue of the cam- His political fortunes are therefore in a c bound up in the contest. A defeat in his own home vi on an issue of his own making, sup with 7eal by all the fused elements of dis seriously diminish his prestige and might even deprive him of renomination for the Presidency. The Republicans of the State have not evaded the issue. They have been perfectly willing there as else where to meet the Bryanites on any ground the lat ent choose. They have had no objections to the introduction of national politics into a State cam nor do they shrink from a contest against the Nebraska candidate for the Presidency. They have entered upon a vigorous campaign and have pushed the iusionists so hard that Bryar. himself has found it necessary to return from his campaigning in other r his home. In the Nebraska election in i.Sgj the. chief office 'o be filled, that of Justice of the Supreme Court, was the sa; this year. The fusion vote (Democratic and Populist) wa3 102. 538; Republican, 89,009: Prohibirion, 1625: and scattering 800. Last year on I For G.-^ernor the Re publicans ■ ess than 3000 plurality on a total I c less than 200.000. It is esti mated, however, thai there uv 225.000 voters in the The stay at home vote is.therefore the de termining factor in the present contest. If the Re ; ns can briii;,' out a fair proportion of their dis contented or indifferent voters of last y?ar, while the fusionists are less successful, they will easily over come the slight sup-.: ision vote of the ..r~. If, on the other hand, the Bryanites arc the more succes-ful iv rousing their voters, the victory will be with then™ It is for that reason Bryan has gone home. He has arranged for a special train and will travel over even- line of railway in the State, having made en ■ ents for upward of one hundred speeches in the counties of the commonwealth. It will be seen the man does not lack energy. He shrinks from no fatigue and is apparently capable of almost unlimited talking. The task before him, however, is one that will probably prove too great for even his capacity eechmaking and spellbinding. This is a year The large Republican gains of last ■>r the preceding one show that as prosperity advances the calamity vote falls off. The boy orator in out, but it is going to be a close call for him. ABOUT STRAIGHT TICKETS. \A R. BRITTON is being somewhat overworked ; / V in the Democratic campaign. The Mayor j * * started out by assuming personal responsi : bihty for denouncing Horace Davis as a traitor and the Republican party for treason to the charter. When it seemed necessary to the personal comfort : of Mr. Britton to make him feel at home in his de- , sertion to the Democracy Mr. Phelan hit upon the plan of using him as a witness against the Republican j party. So, in the Thirty-ninth Assembly District, j j Mr. Phelan said: "I will not say Republicans are j antagonistic to the charter, but Mr. Britton is a man ot honor and he says so." He puts Mr. Britton in ' the position of turning State's evidence and uses him in that capacity. It was a saying of Burr that passed into an axiom at the bar that "the meanest | rascal always turns State's evidence." If Mr. Phelan choose to put Mr. Britton in that position it is his affair, not ours. Mr. Britton suffered himself to be nominated as a Republican candidate for Supervisor, ; ! and after waiting until effect would be given to his j declination and announcement of his support of Phelan he did both. Now Mr. Phelan in every speech praises Britton j as the "grand old man," but abuses the Republican | party, which desired to put this grand old person on J the Board of Supervisors. If Mr. Britton is really the , virgin personality described by Mr. Phelan, nothing ! is proved except the desire of the Republican party j to nominate men of that kind when they chose him. It goes without, saying that any other nominee of j the Republican party who -will join Mr. Phelan in; imploring Democrats to vote their ticket straight j «md Republicans to bolt theirs will receive the same j ascription of purity and high character that is be- i stowed on Mr. Britton. But all this would be only additional prom' that the Republican party was ac tu.tted by no other purpose than the nomination of men who would best serve the people by the faultless | administration of the charter and the law. There would be much merit in Mr. Phelan's pro fession to Republicans of non-partisanship if Mr. j Britton had remained on the Republican ticket and Mr. Phelan had daily and nightly eulogized him and ; j asked people to vote for him. Mr. Britton was | neither more nor less a grand old man when the Re- > I publicans nominated him than he is now. But the j : Phelan vision was never clarified to his merits until ihe joined the Phelan standard. The Republicans are j | now accused of treason to the charter. Did they : show it when they nominated Britton? The fact is i ! that in making up their ticket the Republicans [ i sought and found candidates supposed to be just such good citizens as Mr. Phelan describes Britton :o be and nominated him among the rest in a con genial company. That he chose to desert it is his affair. His former associates have seen no reason to i alter their estimate of him, except such reason as ! Mr. Phelan has supplied by declaring it would have j j been treason to the charter to have voted for him a3 j a Republican candidate for Supervisor. The other Republican candidates chosen as Mr. : Britton was. and for the same reasons, and with the : same unbroken purpose, are just as worthy as he ! was, no more, no less. If he or Mr. Phelan can give i ; tn Republicans a reason for bolting the ticket of a j j convention that was modeled upon the exact char- ; i acter now ascribed to Britton by Phelan, we would like to hear it. Clinton R. Breckinridge, who is credited with a knowledge of statecraft, believes that the United States should go to England's assistance in the event o! a Continental combination against the British. People who know less about statecraft but possibly more of the eternal fitness of things than Breckin ridge believe that Uncle Sam ought to mind his own WATER STORAGE. THE Escondido Times, organ of Federal irriga tion, has discovered "a literary bureau" in San Francisco which fulminates in opposition to its views on water storage. It has also nominated and elected Mr. John P. Irish the leader of that opposi tion and proceeds to souse him in ilood waters and other, in a baptism that ought to drown him or make him stay good. It may be necessary to say that the men who know that our flood waters belong to the State of California, are its property and asset, are not particularly in need of the leadership of Mr. Irish or anybody else. They have called a convention for November 14 to consult upon the best way to se ■ cure the use of this State property which is now run ! ning to waste. In spite of any aqueous argument made : by Mr. Irish, they are entirely willing that any com | monwealth in possession of a similar property and asset shall give it to the United States or throw it at birds. Indeed the convention may conclude that California should do one or the other with it. But it is an existing property; it belongs to the State, i and only the State can dispose of it. It is assumed ■ at the outset that the Irrigation Congress at Mis soula has the right to dispose of this property, and that its conclusions of policy are proper and indis putable. Still as a matter of law the United States cannot enter the State of California, take possession of its property, control and distribute it, without the consent of the State. The Irrigation Congress is admitted to be a very able body and very representa tive, but it is a voluntary organization, has no statu tory existence, is not a legal entity. It can consult and advise and use its American right to pass reso lutions, but it cannot pass laws nor alienate the property of a State without the State's consent. Perhaps the Times will agree that the convention of November 14. as a State affair, may be usefully in formed of the Federal irrigation, and perhaps may be successfully importuned to adopt it, and induced to advise the next Legislature to turn its asset in the ' flood water over to the United States. It is to be regretted that Mr. Irish's tendency to epigram has caused excitement by being taken as the statement of an inflexible policy. The Times mistakenly says that "the promoters of the State scheme seem to start out with the idea that the first thing necessary- to be done is to kill off the rational movement." This is a misapprehension en tirely. The promoters of this convention don't wish to kill anything, but to make all alive. The killing it leaves to the drought, to the forest fires, to the Fabian policy of waiting for the distant god* to hear ovr prayer for fruitfulness of our fields while the means to make it run to waste down our mountain sides. If the national irrigationists would cease their uneasy and tormenting suspicions, which impeach the motives of people who are hand in hand with them in pursuit of the same object, and, dismounting from their national high horse, would sit down and talk it over like reasonable men. the situation would lose th«! friction for which they alone are responsible. The situation is that millions of dollars of property belonging to the State are running to waste every year. We all want to know how best and quickest to save it. By getting together in the coming conven- Btion a way may be found to that end. is no use of using Mr. Irish as a scarecrow. THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1899. He and General Otis of Los Angeles can be staked off together, and then we can all trust to the ability of General Otis to give that soft answer that turneth away wrath to conquer any unruliness. The British Colonial Office has received advices from South Africa that the Basutos are listening to overtures from the Boers. That being the case, the world will probably learn within a very short time whether or not there is any truth in the. saying that music hath charms to soothe the savage breast. W. R. WHEELER FOR COMMISSIONER. SOMETHING more than ordinary gratification is to be found in the manner with which the Pacific Coast jobbers and manufacturers have entered upon the task of guarding the interests of the coast in matters of transportation. There has been a cordial co-operation among the people of all the coast States, and every step thus far taken has been with the approval of their representatives. The conference in this cjty, which was attended by delegates from Seattle, Tacoma, Portland, Los Angeles, Sacramento and Marysville, as well as from San Francisco, has formulated a wisely devised course of action, and has, furthermore, unanimously agreed upon a candidate to be recommended to the President for appointment to the vacancy on the In terstate Commerce Commission. The accomplish ment of that much augurs well for the ultimate suc cess of the whole movement, inasmuch as it assures a continuance of that combined and harmonious energy which has brought about the good results thus far attained. The candidate selected for the office, W. R. Wheeler of this city, is an ideal man for the posi tion. While the delegates from the various States were in session a dispatch was received from the Portland Chamber of Commerce urging them to agree upon a business man as the candidate of the coast for the conimissionership. The request has been fully complied with. Mr. Wheeler is a business man in the strictest, in the fullest and in the best sense of the word. He is familiar with the business of the coast and understands its needs. He has the nbi'.ity and has had the training necessary to enable him to apply his knowledge to the greatest advantage in the transaction of affairs, and if appointed to the commission will soon be noted as one of the most useful and efficient of its members. It is to be noted that the consideratipn of freight rates and other questions of transportation affecting the interests of the Pacific Coast has long engaged the attention and the study of Mr. Wheeler, and the work expected of him it appointed to the commission will not find him unprepared. He has repeatedly appeared as a representative of Pacific Coast merchants when coast rates were under consid eration before the representatives of the trans continental railroads. It was the high reputation which he has won in that way as an advocate and supporter of the rights of the coast that inclined the conference to Mr. Wheeler and won for him the honor of the unanimous recommendation for the office. We have now the plan of campaign and the leader. The rest is for the representative men and organiza tions of our merchants and manufacturers to do. There should go from every important point on ths Pacific Coast strong indorsements of the request for the appointment of Mr. Wheeler. The issue, as we have repeatedly pointed out, is one that affects almost every industry and interest of the three States. Cali fornia, Oregon and Washington have in this matter identical interests. It is full time that this coast had a representative on the Interstate Commerce Com mission, and now that a man in every respect fitted to fulfill the duties of the office has been named for it. there ought to be strong, vigorous and unanimous support given to him by ail the influential forces among our people. The enthusiastic supporters of Mayor Phelan are now dubbing him "the little giant" of San Francisco. His Honor's claqueurs evidently forget what hap pened to another Democratic "little giant" in the last State campaign. ONE of the noted events of the week in San Francisco will be the thirty-first anniversary and reunion of the Ancient Order of United Workmen, which is to occur on Friday evening. The occasion will serve to recall to public attention the vast benefits to modern society which have re srited from the work of those fraternal associations of which the A. O. U. W. was the pioneer. The order has in California 267 lodges in addition to the Grand Lodge, and fifty-three Degree of Honor lodges, to which women are admitted, and through which they are made sharers in the benefits of the association. The membership in the State is about 21,000. According to recently published statistics the order had at the close of last year 360.096 members and the total amount paid out up to that time to the beneficiaries of the society was $88,400,820. So vast a sum paid out during the thirty-one years of its history by a single fraternal association shows in a striking manner the immense benefit which can be accomplished by mutual helpfulness. No one can calculate the amount of good that has resulted from the work of this and the kindred organizations which have followed it. It must be borne in mind that the various sums which go to make up the great total have been in every case expended just where and when they were needed to save the widow or the orphan from suffering the privations and the dis tresses of poverty. Not a cent of it has been given in that kind of cold charity that humiliates the re cipient. It has been merited because it has been can-cd for his family by some member of the asso ciation, who by helping others has won the right to have help for his own when he in his turn has been taken from them. It is gratifying to note the flourishing conditions of such associations in California. It has been largely I through them that a system of mutual helpfulness on j a vast scale has been built up among a people who coming not only from all parts of the Union but from all parts of the world might otherwise have had but j little of that fraternal spirit which is essential to the welfare of a community. The Ancient Order of United Workmen can with just pride review the achieve ' monts of the past years and make their reunion an occasion of genuine rejoicing and mutual congratula tions. The wish of Midas seems to have been granted in the Alaskan gold fields. If the returning miners could eat gold they might be able to live to tell the story that death forces to remain untold. Actual war has demonstrated the fact that the au tomobile will never wholly supersede the horse. Just think of a starving army eating its automobiles! If the people of San Francisco could only see Democratic candidates as they see themselves the era of the truly good would begin. THE UNITED WORKMEN. W. J. BRYAN'S AWKWARD POSITION. (Santa Rosa Republican.) The San Francisco Call publishes what purports to be the fac-simile of a letter Written June 11, 1883. by William J. Bryan to J. Sterling Morgan, both men being residents of .X' hraska. Mr. Bryan was at that time a candidate for secretary of the Railroad Commission of his State. He is accused of writing to Mr. Morton, "I assure you that it is the money that is in the office and not the honor that attracts mo." The letter appears to be genuine in every respect, and Mr. Morton, who is said to have received it, was Secretary of Agriculture under President Cleveland. It is a very remarkable declaration to come from a man who has received the consid eration that has been shown Mr. Bryan. The Call gives the letter all possible m prominence and vouches for its authenticity. • * ♦ (Los Angeles Times.) Colonel William Jennings Bryan Is in trouble. In the year 1889 Mr. Bryan wrote to the Hon. J. Sterling Morton that ho wanted the office of secretary of the Railroad Commission In Nebraska, saying, "It Is the money that is In the office and not the honor that attracts me." In September, IS9P, Mr. Bryan said to a newspaper reporter that he had never said he wanted office for the money there was in it and not for the honor. And now a letter in fac-simile. written with Mr. Bryan's own hand, has been made public, showing that the Nebraska man and tin soldier actually did write such a letter to the Hon. J. Sterling Morton on January 11, 1889. Just how Colonel Bryan proposes to gret out of this hole into which he has placed himself remains to be seen. It Is not Improbable however, that this letter may have something to do with the removal of Mr. Bryan from the position of an all-the-year-round, year-in-and-year-out Presidential can didate. COMMENDABLE INNOVATION FOR A GREAT DAILY PAPER Rev. William Racier Expresses a Very High Opinion of The Call's "Home Study Circle." San Francisco, Oct. 15, 1899. Editor of the Call—Everybody who believes in the dissemination of knowledge will appreciate your effort to bring the readers of The Call into close personal touch with the leading educators of the country. lam glad there is to be a department for the boys and girls, and that the courses out- lined are for study, rather than entertainment. This new departure is not only a benefit to a large number of people who are hungry for knowledge, but a commendable innovation for a great daily paper. Yours truly, Pastor Third Congregational Church. UNIQUE FIRE DEPARTMENT, CONSTANTINOPLE OF all the queer things to be found in Constantinople none seems so stupid as the flre engines, if they can be called by so big a name. The houses in that city are almost all built of wood, and If a fire does start it burns fast and fiercely. There Is a constant watch kept on the summit of the old Genoese tower in Galata, on the tall tower of the Seraskierat in Stamboul and on a hill behind Candlli, one of the suburbs. From this last place a cannon is fired to give warning of a fire, and when this takes place the watch men of the city knock on the shutters of all the houses, crying, "There is a fire In such and such a quarter." And then the fire department comes running down the street. It consists of a long barrel, carried on the shoulders of half a dozen men. Arrived at the scene of the fire, there is tremendous confusion. All the fire men get in one another's way, and perhaps in the course of an hour a few feeble handpumps are playing gentle streams of water somewhere In the neighborhood of the burning buildings, if the fire has not burned itself out by that time. So far there is no case on record of one having been quenched by this funny bri gade.—St. Louis Republic. AROUND THE CORRIDORS Dr. S. S. Young, U. S. ST., Is registered at the Occidental. F. T. Duhring, an influential attorney of Sonora, is at the Occidental. D. Clark, a prominent mining man of Spokane, is a guest at the Lick. O. J. Smith, a leading attorney of Reno, New, is a guest at the Palace. J. B. Peakes, one of the most popular bonifaces of Santa Cruz, is a guest at the Palace. Ex-Senator R. Linder of Tulare is at the Lick for a short visit of pleasure to the city. W. P. Lynch, a wealthy mine-owner of Oroville, is among the recent arrivals at the Lick. Dr. David Powell, one of the leading medical men of Marysvllle, is a guest at the Grand. R. Charlebois, one of the most extensive fruit growers in the vicinity of Ventura, is at the Lick. C. J. "Wilcox, a wealthy oil speculator of Oil City, Is among the arrivals of yester day at the Grand. L. E. Goble, a prominent educator of Humboldt County, is in the city enjoyinr a short vacation. G. S. Nixon, a leading politician of Ne vada, is registered at the Palace for a short stay in this city. H. J. Small, superintendent of construc tion for the Southern Pacific at Sacra mento, is at the Palace. Edward M. Greenway returned to the city yesterday after a prolonged business trip through the Northwest. Fred Dodd, a well-known and well-liked hotel man of Fresno, Is among thosa who arrived at the Lick yesterday. Dr. Humphry, one of the leading physi cians of Honolulu, is in this city on a visit of pleasure. He is registered at the i Grand. State Superintendent of Schools Thomas J. Kirk is at the Grand, where he ar.-iveJ yesterday with his wife from their heme in Sacramento. Alden Anderson, Speaker of the Assem bly, is registered at the Grand from his home in Suisun. Mrs. Anderson accom panies her husband. Robert T. Devlin, Prison Director and prominent attorney, is at the Occidental, where he arrived yesterday from hla home in Sacramento. B. Lapham, a prominent business man of Great Falls, N. V.. is at the Palace, accompanied by his wife. They are mak ing a pleasure tour of the coast. David Starr Jordan came up yestprday from Stanford University to attend the installation of President Benjamin Ide "Wheeler. He is registered at the Palace. Victor J. Robertson, one of the editors of the Commercial News and treasurer of the Commercial Publishing Company, has returned from a long visit to the Eas: re stored to health. Secretary Yarney Gaskill of the Paris Commission has left for Chicago. He goes to attend to s»me business matters connected with his official position and will be absent quite a little while. Major Truman of the Paris Commission Is soon to leave for the capital of Franca. He expects to be absent over a year and will spend his time in looking after the interests of California at the Exposition. "Walter J. Burke, president of the Asso *by. wk. bai>er. Tblrd c5 1 ° u n r^ esatlonal elated Camera Clubs of New Zealand, in registered at the California, with his wife. He ie here on a vacation and will return to his home about the first of the month. Surrounded by a number of relatives and intimate friends Henry G. Hahmann mid Miss Elizabeth Saunders were made husband and wife in the parlors of the Grand yesterday afternoon. The bride is a well-known society girl of this city and the groom is one of the most prominent of the younger business men of Santa Rosa. CALIFORNIANS IN NEW YORK. NEW* YORK. Oct. 25.— TV. L. Stewart of Santa Paula is at the Holland; Mr and Mrs. M. V. MellviUe, Mr. and Mrs. R. S. Chapman and Mips R. Chapman of San Francisco are at the Marlborough; Paul Haguennauer of San Franci6co is at the Martin. ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. CAPS-X.. City. This department can-' not advertise the name of any one dealing in the class of caps named "in the letter i of inquiry. DRAMATIC BCHOOL— A. O. R.. City. An individual 17 years of age is not too young to enter a dramatic school with a view to becoming an actor or actress. TO CRYSTAL SPRINGS-E. A., City. Crystal Springs, in San Mateo County. may be reached from San Francisco by rail, twenty-one miles, and four miles by team, or afoot. The road leading to tha"t place from San Mateo is in a westerly direction. THE CRYSTAL PALACE-E.. Oak land, Chl. The Crystal Palace In New York City was chiefly of ir6n and glass in the i shape of a cross with a large dome. It j was commenced in October, 1552, and the I exhibition was opened in August, 1553 The building, with its contents, as exhibited by the American Institute, was destroyed by fire in September, 1859. ELECTRICITY— N\. City. Elect riciiy was known to Thales 600 years before Christ. Otto yon Guericke constructed the first electrical machine In 1647. Frank lin announced his theory of a single fluid terming the viterous electricity, positive, and the resinous, negative, in 1747 aiul demonstrated the identity of the elec tric spark and lightning by drawing elec tricity from a cloud by means of a kite In 1(52. Galvini, In 1780, observed the con vulsions of the muscles of a dead frog when brought in contact with two metals and after studying "the phenomena in vented the galvanic battery. Volta in liW. announced his discovery of the voltaic pile composed of discs of zinc and silver and moistened cards. SAINT CECILIA-A. D. W., Oakland. Cal. St. Cecilia is the patroness of mu sic. It is recorded that she suffered i martyrdom In 230. Her heathen parents who are said to have belonged to a no ble Roman family, betrothed their daugh ter, who had become converted to Christ ianity, to a heathen youth named Vale rian. This youth and his brother Tibe rius became Christian converts and suf fered martyrdom also. Chaucer in "The Secunde Nonnes* Tale" has it that one day she told Valerian that an angt-1 "whether she was awake or asleep was ever beside her." Valerian ret. see this angel, and she said he must be baptized first. Valerian was baptized and suffered martyrdom. When Cecilia was brought before the prefect Almachius and refused to worship the Roman deities she was "shut fast in a bath kept hot both night and day with great fires." but "felt of It no woe." Almachius then sent an I executioner to cut off her head, but tor no manner of chance could he smite her fair neck in two." Three days she lin «K4 with her neck bleeding preaching Christ and Him crucihed all the wnile; fhen she died and Pope : Urban buried the body. As early as the hfth century theie is mention of a church dedicated to her at Rome, and in 82 1 . by order of Pope Paschal her bones were deposited there. St. Cecilia is regarded as the Jnventor o£ the organ, and in the Roman Cat hoi c church her festival day. November 22 is celebrated with splendid music. Raphael, Domenichtno, Dolce and others ha\e rep tod her in fine pictu- • NEW ZEALAND AFTER FAST MAIL SERVICE COLONIAL GOVERNMENT TO GRANT SUBSIDIES. Oceanic Company Offers to Put on a Fast Line of Steamers Under Certain Conditions. Secretary Scott of the Chamber of Com merce is in receipt of a communication from The Hon. J. H. Witherford of New Zealand Bhowing * liat great efforts are being made in that country to rfecure Government aid in the matter of grant ing- subsidies to steamship companies to carry fast mail across the Pacific. It is very likely that the movement will be taken up in the United States upon the reassembling of Congress, many people on this coast being deeply interested. In New Zealand tho business community is alive to the importance of improving the lnterocean mail service, but the high offi cials are either Blow or favor the Suez route, as sWwn by the following letter frum Mr. Witherford to Secretary Scott: As active efforts have been made to improve mail service which rivals the San Francisco line, I have during the past month been work- Ing hard to get the service to your port estab lished first, as the premier route for a fixed term of years, believing such In the future will be mutually advantageous to New Zealand and San Francisco. I will send you a copy at what I have done for jrour perusal. Owing to strong conflicting interests, it has been dif ficult to get the Premier and members of the Houae to consider the question in its true light, as being a necessary auxiliary to the extension of commercial relations between America and the Colonies. In the letter Mr. Witherford includes ex tracts from the Observer of New Zealand, which in part says: J. H. "Witherford, who has been to great pains to get things as far forward as possible, has - i far successful that it only remains for New Zealand to agree to the preliminaries an 1 the service can be in working order in time for the Paris exhibition. John D. Spreckels, whose ramifications of trade are gradually spreading over so many parts of this hemis phere, is at the head of the Oceanic Company in San Francisco and his proposal, provided he can get a subsidy from New Zealand and Australia, is to put on a line of fast mall Bttamers, fitted up in every way as luxuriously as the Peninsular and Oriental and Orient liners. The service will be every twenty-one days, and the time of the passage will be reduced to a minimum. If carried out, not only Auck land but all New Zealand will be immeasur ably benefited by the scheme. There is bound to be a larze increase of tourist traffic and the commencement of the opening up of a great trade between this colony and the United States. 11 r. Spreckels very naturally requires that if the line be subsidized it shall be for a period of seven years. It Ftands to reason. that no company will go to the enormous ex pense of putting on a line of fast mail steam ers without some guarantee as regards time, and seven years is a comparatively short time to ask for. Cal. giace fruit 50e per Ib at Townsend's.* Special information supplied daily to business houses and public men by t-e Press Clipping Bureau (Allen's), 510 Mon- gomery street. Telephone Main 1042. • Bad Boys in the Potrero. John Krahn, 11 years of age, and Charles Hansen, 13 years of age, were ar rested yesterday by Policeman Ennis and taken to the City Prison, where they wer« charged with burglary. They were ac cused of breaking into the fish camp of Giorina Ceruii, Twenty-first avenue and D street, South San Francisco, and steal ing $12. Physicians will tell you Dr. Siegert's Angos- . tura Bitters is the best of alt tonlca and stomach regulators. Drupglsts sell It. Taken Back to Nevada. Victor Bduton, the cowboy accused of cattle-stealing in Nevada, was taken from the City Prison yesterday morning by Sheriff C. W. McDeid of Humboldt County, Nevada, and escorted to the ferry en route for Nevada to stand his trial. ADVERTISEMENTS. WE HAVE STRUCK OIL. T'nlike other companies, we flrst sunk small test wells to determine positively whether or not our lands were oil-bear- ing before askiner the public to invest with the result that we STRUCK OIL In our test wells. 740 acres, in the very hpart of the Bakersneld district, des- tined to become one of the greatest oil- producing districts in the world. WE HAVE A CERTAINTY. It Is only necessary to lay a pipe line about two miles and put down a large well when we can commence paying dividends. TO DO THIS QUICKLY We are going to sell 10,000 shares of treasury Stock at 25c per share, after whli h there will be a large advance or withdrawn f r >m sale entirely. At this low price you have the ■cer- tainty of realizir-K from 20 to 50 times the amount of your investment within ninety days. Application for sharei must be made quickly if any of theee shares are desired. MAIL ORDERS Will receive prompt attention. For fur- ther information and prospectus write PETROLEUM "CTNTER OIL CO, 29 MILLS BUILDING. THIRD FLOOR. GRAND People's Party ami Silver Democratic RATIFICATION MEETING, Metropolitan Temple, Fifth Street, Near Market, Thursday Evening, OCTOBER 26th. Look for a Surprise. A distinguished orator will entertain you. Selections by McKenzie's Quartet Music by Blum's Band. Professor McKenzie's Musical Club.