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VOLUME LXXXVI-NO. 154.
MANY BRITISH TROOPS CAPTURED BY BOERS Two Regiments and a Battery Compelled to Surrender Dur ing the Fighting Near Lady smith -- Disaster to Forces Under General White Shows That He Has Been Beaten in Strategy by Commandant- General Joubert. BRITISH TROOPS CAPTURED BY BOERS NEAR LADYS/VUTH, MONDAY. ROYAL IRI.SH FUSILEEKS. THE GLOUCESTER REGIMENT. NO. 10 MOUNTAIN BATHiRY. LONDON, Nov. 1. — An ominous curtain has again de scended upon affairs in Xatal. No dispatch except the official telegrams ot General Sir George Stewart White has thus far been permitted to mention the disaster at Lady smith Monday, and no telegram from Ladysmith has been re ceived in London since the advices from the British com- mander. Thi rise to a belief that communications have already been cut. in which event some time must elapse before details regarding British losses are received.' If the War Office officials have received information on this point they have re frained from publishing it. General White's estimate that the British losses were about ninety is evidently quite separate from the probable losses in killed and wounded among the captured battalions. After the receipt of General White's report of the disaster to the British arms and the capture by the Boers of two regiments and a Mountain Battery all sorts of reports were circulated here. One report, which tame from Gape Town, stated that fighting was resumed at Ladysmith yesterday (Tuesday). This report stated: "A battle is proceeding at the foot of Umban bane. a few miles from Ladysmith. Seventy shells have dropped into the town." Varied speculations are made in the newspapers as to the British losses by the Ladysmith disaster. An unofficial state ment places the number of men at fully 2000, while other re ports cut the figure to 1460 and point out that both the cap tured regiments had been in action before and had lost many men. Then great hope is pinned to the fact that the paucity of officers officially reported wounded does not indicate the num ber killed, but would show that the "losses are not extreme. ( > r.e special from Ladysmith says the Boers suffered se verely during the engagement, some estimating their loss at 900 killed and wounded. Another report is current that General White may retire to Pietermaritzburg while the railroad is intact. There is much divergence of opinion in military circles as to the advisabilitv of such a step. Still another rumor is that General White is to be relieved of the chief command in Natal. PRESS OF EUROPE ON THE BRITISH REVERSE LONDON, Nov. I.— ln the absence of rewa the morning papers are reduced to as to how the disaster or curred. The general opinion is that a mls alry was i aspn for the fall into the Boer trap. Vpparent ly thi io cavalry to watch over he missing <-,>iump. The Morning Post, pointing out how the i-tritlsh were to "a still greater ter." Bays: "In capturing the column the Boers also had the Devonshire K. m ment practically at their men \\ , . little more daring would have made ;i bad much worse and, seeing that a. MAJOR A. J. AD YE, Captured by Boers. The San Francisco Call. force strong enoug-h to scoop up a couple of Infantry battalions could have put It self practically between Sir Georpe White and bis camp, we may he very thankful that things to-day are not more serious than they are. The Irsson has been a severe on ». It Is humiliating; to rind a nation of farmers heating soldiers at their "\vn cam'--, but the sooner a proper respect is had for Boer strategy and tactics the better for our fortunes In Natal." This Bober note is smirk by all the morning papers to-day, together with the ssiona of a determination to carry th> matter through at whatever cost. The Dally Chronicle, referring; editorial ly to the situation, says: "After the patent failure of the campaign and the terrible humiliation of the British army. «■ can only vaguely hope that Sir George SAN FRANCISCO, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 1, 1899. IfPMl^i^^ «™*« the mO ve m ent wnh the uns of the artillery by alternate batter... ."-From the - WHITE'S CANDID REPORT OF THE DISASTER FOLLOWED BY CONSTERNATION IN ENGLAND. LONDON, Oct. a.— The War Office received a dispatch from Lieutenant General White, commanding the British forces at Ladysmith. reporting that the Royal Irish Fusiliers, No. 10 Mountain Battery and the Gloucestershire Regiment wore surrounded in the hills by Boers, and after losing heavily obliged to capitulate. General White adds that the casualties are not yet ascertained Appended is the text of General Whites' dispatch to the War Office: LADYS/VHTH, Oct. 30, 10:45 p. m.-I have to report a disaster to the column sent by me to take a position on a hill to guard the left flank of the troops. In these operations to-day the Royal Irish Fusileers, No. 10 Mountain Battery, and the Gloucestershire Regi ment were surrounded in the hills, and after losing heavily had to capitulate. The casualties have not yet been ascertained. A man of the Fusileers, employed as a hospital orderly, came in under a flag of truce with a letter from the survivors of the col umn, who asked for assistance to bury the dead. I fear there is no doubt of the truth of the report. I formed a plan in the carrying out of which the disaster oc curred, and lam alone responsible for the plan. There is no blame whatever to the troops, as the position was untenable. General Whit* In a subsequent dispatch says: •The following is a list of the officers taken prisoner to-day '•Staff Major Adye •■lrish Fusileers -Colonel Carleton. Major Munn, Major Klncald, Captain Burrows, Captain Rice. Cap tain Silver, Lieutenant Heard. Lieutenant Southey, Lieutenant Phlbbs, Lieutenant McGrepory. Lleuten ant Holmes, Lieutenant Kelly, Lieutenant Dooner, Lieutenant Kentish, Lieutenant Killehan, Lieutenant Jeudwine, Chaplain Matthews. "Of the above Captains Rice and Silver and Lieutenant Dooner were wounded. '•Gloucestershire Regiment— Major Humphrey. Major Capel-Cure. Major Wallace, Captain Duncan Captain Conner. Lieutenant Bryant, Lieutenant Nesbitt, Lieutenant Ingham. Lieutenant Davey, Lieuten ant Knox, Lieutenant Temple. Lieutenant Radice, Lieutenant Breul, Lieutenant Hill, Lieutenant Smith Lieutenant Mackenzie, Lieutenant Beasley. Lieutenant Gray. "Of the above Captains Duncan and Conner were wounded. "Royal Artillery— Major Bryant. "Mounted Battery -Lieutenant Wheeler, Lieutenant Nugent, Lieutenant Moore, Lieutenant Webb."' BRITONS STAGGERED BY THE NEWS OF THE DISASTER. LONDON, Oct. 31.— While minor reverses were not wholly unexpected, nothing like the staggering blow General Joubert delivered to General White's forces yesterday was anticipated. The full extent of the disaster is not yet acknowledged. If it Is known at the War Office. The loss in effective men must bo appalling to a general who is practically surrounded. Two of the finest British regiments and a mule battery deducted from the L,adysmith garrison weakens it about a fifth of its total strength and alters the whole situation very materially in favor of the Boers, who have again shown themselves stern fighters and military strategists of no mean order. The disaster cost the British from 1500 to 2000 men and six seven-pound screw guns, and as the Boer artillery is already stronger than imagined, the capture of these guns will be a great help to th» Boers. Further news must be awaited before It Is attempted to flx tho blame where It belongs. Genera! White manfully accepts all the responsibility for the disaster, which apparently was at least partly due to the stampeding of thu mules with the guns. From the Jist It will be seen that forty-two officers were made prisoners, besides a newspaper corre spondent. J. Hyde. Tho interest in tha news was universal, pervading all classes and conditions of London's populace The newspaper extras were eagerly read in business houses, in the streets and by women in their car riages. Then there was a rush to the War Office, which by noon was surrounded by private carriages and hansoms, while many of the humbler class of people came on foot, all waiting and watching for the names they held dear. Never was the old saying. "Bad news travels quickly." bettor exemplified here than to day. By noon gloom and bitter Borrow prevailed throughout the British metropolis. At the Government offices no effort was made to conceal the feeling of dismay prevailing. One offi cial said to a correspondent: "It is inexplicable, and T am sorry to say that its moral effect is inestima ble. We have lost heavily In many wars and have had regiments .almost wiped out; but to have regiments captured, and by the Boers, it is terrible." The disaster had an Immediate effect on the Stock Exchange, where consols fell %. South African securities dropped heavily, Rand linos falling two points. Rio Tintos fell %. The throngs of visitors at tho War Office remained all day. Anxious people practically fought their way to the notice board. Most affecting scenes were witnessed. Many women were hoard to gasp, "Thank God. he"s alive, at ;uiy rate: 1 v they found the name of some beloved one on the' list of prisoners. The sidewalks were packed with solid masses awaiting their turn to enter. There wns a continuous stream of callers at tho War Office until a late hour, everybody anxiously Inquiring regarding yesterday's casualties, but the War Office declared that nothing had been received since Sir George White's dispatch communicating the news of the capture of the Royal Irish Fusileers and the Gloucestershire regiments. This delay In getting further Intelligence is attributed in part to the breakdown of the East Coast cable; but it stands to reason that the War Office must be possessed of further news which it is nrohahlv not thought advisable should be published yet. ' u»uiy The disaster has caused a feeling akin to consternation, and in Gloucestershire and the North of White, in the hard days that lie before him. may bo able to hole', Ladysmith. Re treat would be an undertaking which the imagination fails to grasp. If this war Is to be a war of vengeance, we shall have to wipe out a disaster before which the memory of Majuba fades away. Tho empire is face to face with a repulse comparable only to the uurronder of CLOSE OF THE BATTLE ON THE BRITISH RIGHT. Burgoyne to the embattled farmers of our American colonies. If the catastrophe cal4s forth something better than music hall patriotism we may come to reckon It aB a timely lesson well earned for the good of our "souls." The Daily News says: "If it Is found possible to move the stores. Sir George White will probably be ordered to wlth The dispatch further says: Sill! W^^^^^^^SM srrcu a nr sa "" c trap ' out ot ~ hich ' - rxsi s^srsssf General White advanced with the idea of driving the Boers from the hill seven miles -* -■*» General Joubert made an ostentatious show of fortifying on Sunday. OUt> Whlch The Boer commander left a force sufficient to draw General White on while the m-. B « n f m, r> difficulty, and during the turning movement his troops suffered from a flanking fire g ' Harsh things are said in military circles of the British tactics which have made Dos^ble th* a ™ bush of the Eighteenth Hussars at Glencoe. and now the loss of two fine regime™ It is feared ?E~t Sir George White Is no match for the Boers in cunning, and it is pointed out that "if the Brkish i manders continue to load their men into obvious traps further disasters must be looked for "" An interview is published with a British officer whose name is withheld, but who is described «• "a well-known general with a distinguished record during the Indian mutiny," in the course of wE ha passes severe criticism upon the conduct of the campaign. <-uurse 01 wmcn ne .? "Yesterday's disaster.',; ay the officer, "is only another proof of serious blundering. Although Sir George White Is a good regimental commander, he does not seem to excel in strategy or the mfnage ment of a big division. I regard the Glencoe business as another example of blundering " mana S Proceeding to discuss the engagement at Glencoe, the officer observes "Some of the enemy's officers were allowed to occupy and plant guns on Talana hill. Nothing was done to stop this until the Boers began to shell Glencoe on the following morning. As for yesterday* cas ualty, it seems Inexcusable that the two regiments should have been allowed to separate themselves from the main body, especially with a considerable swarm of the enemy against them I know lam ex pressing the opinion of many military officers. We are disgusted with the War Office for having nrema" turely allowed the issuance of glowing reports of victories without equal frankness and promptitude in disclosing the circumstances discounting these reports." p * Sir George White's honest admission of full responsibility and the terms of his dispatch are re garded in some circles as virtually placing his case in the hands of the home authorities and it Is even rumored late this evening that the War Office has already decided to supersede him The report however, is discredited In well informed quarters. ****** . About 6000 fresh troops will arrive at Cape Town on Sunday next from England and will be avail able to reinforce Sir George White. Transports will arrive there daily after Sunday until by the end of next week 28,000 troops will have been landed in South Africa. These men are Intended for General Sir Redvers Buller's army, but they will undoubtedly be sent to Natal if the situation there should be come perilous. The British army will eventually reach the huge total of 89,650, of which 69.634 will bo regulars and the other 20,000 miscellaneous, but excellent colonial troops. * TREPARATIONS TO CALL OUT SECOND ARMY CORPS. LONDON, Oct. 31.— The War Office has sent the following dispatch to General Buller: "Three extra battalions of foot and one mountain battery with reserves will leave England dur ing the course of ten days to make good the casualties." , The commander-iri-chlef, Field Marshal Lord Wolseley. has Issued an order for the mobilization b- November 6 of the reserves of the Suffolk, Essex and Derbyshire regiments, which will be added to the South Africa forces. ' . LONDON, Oct. 31— The War Office has ordered the Second Army Corps to be in readiness to be called out. . . • The military officials have not yet decided whether the consummation of the plan will be necessary but they are determined to have everything in readiness either for a demonstration in Europe of Greet Britain's capabilities or for sending even a larger force to the scene of action. Until the receipt of the news of the Lady smith disaster the latter course was considered out of the question, but now there is no knowing what steps will be decided upon. The preparation to call out the Second Army Corps, taken In conjunction with the extraordinary naval activity here, has again aroused the belief in British circles that the Government has good reason to anticipate European hostility. No reason to justify this latest reiteration of rumors "of Russian. French or German Intervention can be found, however. It was learned on good authority that the motive consists to quote an official. In wanting to "show the other fellows what we can do," and is on a line with calling out the militia, a purely precautionary measure dictated by the necessity of bringing up the home mili tary force to Its normal strength, or rather a strength proportionate with the necessities .of a nation en gaged In a foreign war. Still it is doubtful, whether the Second Corps will be actually called out That development depends on two circumstances— the attitude of European nations, as evinced by this first serious British, reverse; second, upon the judgment of General Buller. who. finding the conditions not 50 favorable as expected, may demand the troops. , It does not follow that the entire army corps, even if called out. will be sent to General Buller It Is more probable that It will be kept home to supply the places of units sent out in consonance with General Buller's wishes. Upon the present organization these home forces are supposed to be capable of raising at short notice three army corps. Should the War Office decide upon raising a second corns It will necessitate the calling out of more reserves. v draw upon Colenso. If the order is not given it will be because a removal of the stores would be too risky." The Morning Post calls attention to Sir George White's use of the word "capitu lation," remarking that It suspects the word was used carelessly. It says; "We prefer to assume that the column fougnt until it was cut to pieces and .all the am munition was pone. Capitulation is a word of shame. Troops in the field cannot capitulate without disgrace, and disaster is not necessarily dißhonor." The Times says: "We have met with a considerable reverse. It is for the nation to show that it can bear ill-fortune with courage and dignity." There Is no general desire evinced on PRICE FIVE CENTS. the part of the morning papers to criti cize 0r George White harshly pending the arrival of further details. On the con trary, the disposition is to admire his manly courage in assuming full respon sibility. Abroad, especially in France no pains is taken to disguise the satisfac tion in consequence of the British rebuff In Paris every means of spreading the