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VOLUME LXXXVI-NO. 155.
WHAT THE WARFARE IN SOUTH AFRICA HAS COST GREAT BRITAIN UP TO DATE. In Twenty Days of Hostilities With the Boers the English Have Lost More Troops Than Did America During the Whole War With Spain. LONDON, Nov. 2 — In the twenty days of hostilities in South Africa the British army has lost more men in Killed and wounded and captured than the American army lost in the entire war with Spain. W^ile the bulK of the British iosses is due to the capture of General White's left wing at Ladysmith, the total of dead and wounded has already reached high figures. Only four less British officers have been K'Hcd th>an were lost by the American forces in the recent conflict with Spain. The number of British) soldiers Killed is already n)ore than half of that of the United States troops- Esti mating at 1000 the number in tbe captured coluri)n at Lady smith and quoting official figures for other losses in the American and British armies, the comparison stands as fallows: America (entire war) — Killed, 23 officers, 255 men; wounded, 113 officers, 1456 men; captured, none. Total, 1847. British (thus far) — Killed, 19 officers, 137 men; wounded, 61 officers. 492 roen; captured, officers and men, 1207. Total, 1915. LONDON, Nov. 2.— Tuesday and Wednesday have passed practically without any news •■i the front, says the v Telegraph, in summarizing var situation. Up to a late • this morning the War <, )ffice no information to show that eith< had made a fresh • graphing on Monday it, General White said that the security of Ladysmith was in ted. In his telegram General Whil the story, so is it is known, of the lost col umn, which was much more lim in number than early esti mat- sented. It consisted enth .Mountain battery, with probably ioo men; four and a half companies of the (ilouc.es ters and six companies of the Irish Fusileers. These regiments had already suffered severely, so that the companies would be short of their usual complement. The column probably numbered ?. little over iooo men. On Sun clay night it was sent out to clear General White's left flank, the objective point being an emi nence some four miles north of Ladysmith. The night march FRENCH SOCIETY TO AID TRANSVAAL. I'ARIS, Nov. I.— A society has been founded to render assistance to the Transvaal Government. Colonel Monteil is president and Francois <V>ppe, Jules L^maitre, Henri Rochefort and Drumont, proprietor of Libre Parole, are right honorary presidents. The organization is enrolling volunteers to fight for the Boers, and the promoters claim that more than 300 have volunteered. They have difficulty, however, in finding the necessary funds, and it is doubtful whether I>r. Leyds, ih.> s;><t;:!1 . of the Transvaal Government in Europe, will be able !■> supply these. I'n^r these conditions the whole movement, which is in the hands of the most violent section of the Nationalists and the Anti-Semites, may collapse. MAJOR GENERAL SIR ARCHIBALD HUNTER, The hero of Abu-Hamed and now General White's chief of etaff, who com mVl .ifi..,i tho British right in the battle at Ladysmith on October 30. The San Francisco Call seems to have been successful un- til the mules carrying extra infan try ammunition were stampeded by boulders rolled from the hills. The battery mules soon followed with the whole gun equipment. The gallantry of the troops was superb. At once they fixed bayonets and seized the neigh boring hill. There they were oc cupied till dawn constructing de fenses. There was little molesta tion of them till 9:30 o'clock, when the enemy received strong reinforcements and pressed terri bly. At t. o'clock the brave band found their ammunition at an end. and the position was capitu lated. Each man general!} carries too rounds, so it may be sure chat the attacking force paid dearly for its success. It is due to the Boers to remember that they treated the wounded with humanity, and General Joubert promptly of fered General White safe conduct for doctors and ambulances. There are two naval brigades operating in South Africa. One, under Commander Ethelstan. is below Orange River, guarding the northern frontier of Cape Colony, and the other, under SAN FRANCISCO, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1899. STARS AND STRIPES IN SOUTH AFRICA. On the hank of the Sabi River and the main road from Delagoa Ray to the Lydenburgh gold mines Is a store kept by an American named Jordan. On a pole in front of the store the stars and stripes are raised each morning at sunrise and lowered at sunset. At this point Portuguese and Transvaal territory meet; It Is capable of being Btrongly fortified, and may be the scene of a battle in the near future. Jordan was born in New York City, and his boyhood was pasßed on the Bowery. He emigrated to South Africa nearly thirty years ago and established himself in this location, where he has accumulated a handsome fortune. The picture is from a sketch made by J. Harrington of this city. command of Hon. Iledworth Lambton, captain of the Power ful, who was Hag lieutenant to Lord Alcester at Alexandria, did splendid service in Monday's ac tion at Ladysmith. Captain Lambton had traveled from Dur ban to Ladysmith, where he ar rived in the nick of time with sev eral 4.7-inch quick-tiring guns, and probably one or more 6-inch guns, of which the Powerful car ries twelve. lie lias about 500 men with him. The Cabinet council held yes :<ii called in conseq uence of the reverse sustained at Ladysmith. as summonses were issued two days before the receipt of the dispatch from General White. THE CAPTURED COLUMN WAS "SACRIFICED" LONDON". Nov. 2.— The break-down of the Delapnn Bay cable route, combined with the monopolization of the available telegraph line? by the Government and British staff officers, in responsible for the fact that nothing further has arrived j from South Africa. The Government has received dispatches rectifying: the casual ty lists. These will he published to-day. Up to midnight nothing had been re ceiver! concerning Monday's casualties. The War Office officials are working under great strain. Captain Perriott, staff cap tain to the military secretary, has just died, his end being hastened by anxiety and overwork. An unconfirmed statement is published that Sir Redvers Buller has left Cape Town for Ladyamlth. A belated dispatch from I,advsmith, de scribing Monday's fight, says: "A couple nf squadrons of Hussars bad a narrow es cape from disaster early in the day. They found themselves suddenly fronted, with in easy range, by an overwhelming force of Boers, who seemed to spring from the bowels 'if the earth. The hussars were splendidly handled, and were extricated with only one man wounded." The Queen is credited with expressing Bincere pity for Sir George Stewart White, and the officials are in no wise inclined to judge him harshly. So far as the public Is concerned, however, while gratification is felt at the manner in which the isolated battalions surrendered, there is still se BRITISH STATESMEN SPEAK OF THE WAR IN SOUTH AFRICA Lord Hamilton Declares England Is Not in Quest of Profit, but Is Fighting fop the Common Benefit of Mankind, LONDON. Nov. l.— Lord George Hamilton, Secretary of Btate for India, speaking at Baling this evening regard ing the situation in South Africa, paid: "Our ultimate victory Ifl certain, and when the terms which we as vic tors will propose to the vanquished are known foreign nations will see that the main cause which has forced ua to embark upon this conflict is not a desire of pecuniary profit nor . l territorial aggrandisement, hut a determination to emanci pate a vast territory for the common benefit of mankind from an Ignoble and degrading tyranny." The Earl of Belborne, Under Secretary of the Colonies, Bpeaking at Dumfries, said: "It is not the fault of the states men of the Transvaal that wo have not become embroiled with some European power. If hostilities had not come when they did they would have come at some moment of national danger and difficulty." Baron Tweedmouth, former Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury, speaking at Edinburgh, said: "The public mind has not been so moved since the news of the dreadful events of the Indian mutiny. We unfortunately are warring with a nation of the same stock and religion as ourselves. At this crisis all hearts go out to the brave Boers and to the small British army in Natal, which against fearful odds has performed magnificent features of valor. It is not the time to call our opponents names or to utter cries of vengeance, but to back up her Ma jesty's Ministers, who have a fearful, yes, an awful responsi bility upon their shoulders." The Earl o£ Carrinuton. Liberal. Boeaklne at Buckingham. j vere criticism of General White and Lieu tenant Colonel Carleton for allowing the I column to got out of touch, for the ab sence of proper scouting? and for not retir ing when the ammunition was lost. In favor of Lieutenant Colonel Carleton the explanation is hazarded that he believed it was imperative to the success of General White's operations that he should hold 1 the position at Nicholsons Nek. The Morning Post comments severely ! upon the British contempt for the enemy, as shown by the belief that the large Boer ] force at Acton Homes could be held in I check by Carleton's small column. It ] points out that even if the British there had been supplied with ammunition, they could have held out only a few hours longer, Inasmuch as they were in the most complete sense detached, and because no body apparently at J.adysmlth had any : idea of their distress or took any meas ures to rescue them. "The column was sacrificed," says the : Morning Post. "becau*o it was sent into action gagged and ^:<id£ f >!<itK'- . , It had ! neither scout nor patrol. Twelve hundred men were thrown away for lack of cav alry which would not have been missed from another part of the field." The Standard, which comments in simi j lar terms upon "the fact that General White made no effort to extricate the col umn from the impossible situation into which he had thrust it," draws a sad pic ture of the men "hoping for relief and then realizing with bitterness of heart that some one had blundered, that they had been forgotten by their general and his staff, and that nothing was left but surrender and imprisonment at Pretoria ! until the end of the war." The Daily Chronicle says: "It is evident that somebody blundered, but more details are required before the blame can be ap portioned." BRITONS YET WORRIED. LONDON, Nov. L— The gloom caused ] by the British disaster at Ladysmith was In a measure relieved by to-day's story j < giving an account of the heroic stand : made by the decimated battalions until : their last cartridges were gone. The British nerve was momentarily shaken ! by General White's use of the word "oa- ; , pitulate" in his Brat telegram, but now j > that it is known that the Gloucesters and i Fualleera fought against overwhelming odds and upheld the host traditions of the British army the tension has been re lieved, since there is no longer any ground to dread that the loss of life was accompanied by dishonor, The details to-day show the catastro phe in a brighter aspect. The full bat talions were imi engaged and therefore the list of prisoners is materially reduced, while the disaster now appears to have been not so much the consequence of de fects in the plan of action as to a mis fortune whereby the column was deprived of Its ammunition. Still, it seems incom prehensible why the plight of the luck- I less column was not known at head quarters, as the scene of the surrender was only about three miles northwest of I gave expression to virtually the same' convictions. The Earl of Lonsdale, honorary colonel of the Third Bat talion, border regiment, at a banquet this evening at "White Haven, declared his confidence In General White, the British commander In Natal, and predicted a grand review in Pre toria next March. Referring to Emperor William's celebrated telegram to President Kroger at the time of the failure of the Jameson raid. Lord Lonsdale said: "If his Majesty's dispatch had been rightly understood it would have had a totally dif ferent effect. It was sent with a view of alleviating two sores. It was not antagonistic to Great Britain. I have the pleasure to know the views of the German Emperor and they are in accordance with the views of England." EDINBURGH, Nov. I.— Lord Rosebery. toasting the "Army and Navy" at a banquet given this evening by the Lord Pro vost of Edinburgh to the officers of the Gordon Highlanders and the Scots Greys, referred to the reverse in Natal and said: "It Is much to be regretted, but in a considerable campaign we must look out for such incidents. It is not in the nature of Britons to take much notice of them. We, have had a good many of the same kind and have generally got out right in the end. But 'whatever, happens we must see this thing through, even if it should cost still more battalions and still more millions. Some- day there will be an Inquisition as to the preparations made for this , war, but the time for that is not now. Our duty now Is to support those who have the direction of affairs." Ladysmith, and Lieutenant Colonel Oarl ton must h;L\e expected relif-f to reach liim or instead of attempting to occupy a defensive position he would have re traced his steps to Ladysmith when he suffered the loss of his ammunition. Apart from General White's statement that the losses are very numerous there is nothing to indicate the extent of them except a vague report that the soldier who brought the news to Ladysmith said the British dead and wounded were lying in heaps and that hundreds needed doc tors. This, however, is hardly borne out by the long list of captured officers. ' The concluding sentence of General j White's dispatch relative to the safety j of Ladysmith was received here with a certain reserve in view of the fact that similar official assurances were given re cently at Dundee and Glencoe, and there . is intense anxiety for news of the re newed attack, which is not mentioned in ! the dispatches. The calamity ha? served ..to alarm th«». British and their friends. The papers i comment on the splendid reserve of patriotism existing in the far-away col onies and ; the deep-seated feeling of friendship and sympathy of the great kindred nation across the Atlantic. FOR A HOSPITAL SHIP. LONDON, Nov. I.— The American La dies' Hospital Ship Committee met at AValsingham House to-day, Lady Ran dolph Churchill presiding. Among those present were the Countess of Essex. Mes dames Reynolds, Van Duse, Field, Ar thur Paget, Frewen and others. The subscriptions to-day include: D. O. Mills, £200; Mrs. Henry White, £20; the San Francisco Examiner, £25; the Du chess of Marlborough, £100, and Coun tess Clarke de Sellers and Mrs. Hani man, £50 The fund now amounts to be tween £7000 and £8000, while one American drug firm in London offers an entire med ical outfit. The Maine, which the owners of the Atlantic Transport Line gave to the Government for a hospital ship, is now at Tltebury. on the Thames, where Fletcher, Son & Fearnall are docking the ship gratis. Lady Churchill is busy cor responding with Miss Clara Barton and others of the American Red Cross So ciety. She proposed to devote any surplus above the cost of equipping the Maine to sending out a thoroughly equipped land ambulance corps. Mr. Choate, the T'nited States Erahas p:\ilor, and Mrs. Choate have expressed great personal interest in the movement, the diplomatic position of Mr. Choate pre venting official participation in it. An other of the day's subscribers to the fund w:is .1. K. Keene of New York, who con tributed £500. FOUR OFFICERS CANNOT GO. LONDON, Nov. I.— The British Govern ment has been obliged to refuse permis sion for the United States to send four officers to watch the Transvaal war, ow ing to the precedent which only permits one representative from each recognized FOUGHT UNTIL THEIR AMMUNITION WAS GONE According to General White s Report the British Troops Battled Gamely Until Captured by the Boers. LONDON, Nov. I.— The British war Office to-day mnr!f> public a dispatch re ceived from General White, describing the operations of Monday. It follows: "Ladysmith, Oct. 31, 7:30 p. m.— l took out from Ladysmith a brigade of mounted troops, two brigade divisions of the Royal Artillery, the Natal Field Battery and two brigades of Infantry, to reconnoiter in force the ene my's position to the north, and, if the opportunity should offer, to capture the hill behind Farquhar's farm, which had on the previous day been held in strength by the enemy. In connection with this advance a column consisting of the Tenth Mountain Artillery, four half companies of the Gloucesters and six companies of the Royal Irish Fusileers, the whole under Lieutenant Colonel Carlton and Major Adye, deputy assistant adjutant gf-nernl, was dispatched at 11 p. m. on the 2Sth to march by night up Bellspruit, and seize Nicholsons Nek, or some position near Nicholsons Nek, thus turning the enemy's right flank. The main advance was successfully carried out, the objective of the attack being found evacuated, and an artillery duel between our field batteries and the enemy's guns and Maxims is understood to have caused heavy loss to the enemy. The reconnaissance forced the enemy to fully disclose his position, and, after a strong counter attack on our right, the infantry brigade and cavalry having been repulsed, the troops were slowly withdrawn to camp, pickets beintr left on observation. Late in the en gagement the naval contingent under Captain Lambton of her Majesty's steam ship Powerful, came into action and silenced, with their extremely accurate tire, the enemy's guns in position. "The circumstances which attended the movement of Lieutenant Colonel Carl ton's column are not yet fully known, but from reports received the column ap pears to have carried out the night march unmolested until within two miles of Nicholsons Nek. At this point big boulders rolled from the hill and a few rifle shots stampeded the military ammunition mules. The stampede spread to the battery mules, which broke loose from their leaders and got away with practically the whole of the gun equipment and the greater portion of the regimental small arm ammunition. The reserve was similarly lost. "The infantry battalions, however, fixed bayonets and. accompanied by the personnel of the artillery, seized a hill on the left of the road, two miles from the Nek, with but little opposition. Thero they remained unmolested until dawn, the time being occupied in organizing the defense of the hill and constructing stone sangars and walls as cover from lire. At dawn a skirmishing attack on our posi tion was commenced by the enemy, but made no way until 9:30 a. m., when rein forcements enabled them to rush to the attack with • -eat energy. Their fire be came very searching and two companies of the Gloucesters. in an advanced posi tion, were ordered to fall back. The enc-my then pressed to short range, the losse3 on our side becoming very numerous. "At 3 p. m. our -ammunition wa.s practically exhausted, the position was cap tured and the survivors of the column fell into the enemy's hands. The enemy treated our wounded with great humanity, General Joubert at once dispatching a letter to me offering a safe conduct to doctors and ambulances to remove the wounded. A medical officer and parties to render first aid to the wounded were dispatched to the scene of action from Ladysmith last night, and the ambulance at dawn mis morning. "The want of success of the column was due to the misfortune of the mulea stampeding and the consequent loss of the guns and small-arm ammunition re serve. The official list of casualties and prisoners will be reported shortly. The latter are understood to have been sent by rail to Pretoria. The security of Lady smith is in no way affected." power. Captain Stephen l'HommediPU Sloc-um, the United Stales military at tache at Lisbon, has been selected. He was In London to-day buyink an outfit, and sailfl Saturday. Colonal Samuel b. Sunnier, the United Suites military at tache here, remains In London. SOME STRAGGLERS ESCAPE. LONDON. Nov. I.— A special dispatch from Pietermaritzburpr, dated Tuesday morning, says: Stragglers from the Glou cest< rshire npiment are arriving at Lady smith. A number of mules, with a portion of the mountain battery, art- also coming in. PRAYS FOR MEDIATION. BKRLIN. Nov. I.— The Tageblatt says Count Rothmc-r. president of the German Peace Societies, has telegraphed to Queen Victoria, praying her to accept the medi ation of the Tinted States in the war with the Transvaal. BRIEF CABINET MEETING. LONDON, Nov. I.— The Cabinet meeting YULE'S FIFTY-EIGHTH CASUALTIES. Killed 5, Wounded 15, Missing 38. LONDON, Nov. L— The War Office issued the following additional list of fifty-eight casualties sustained by General Yule's force from the time of the battle of Glencoe until it joined the force of Sir George White: Kings Rifles— Killed. 4; wounded, 13. Leicestershire Regiment— Wounded. 1: missing, 9. Artillery— Killed, 1; wounded. 1; missing, 2. Mounted Infantry— Missing, 27. The last mentioned were attached to the squadron of the Eighteenth Hussars that was entrapped by the Boers. They were undoubtedly captured With the Hussars. CAPTAIN H. LAMBTON, Of the British cruiser Powerful, commanding: the naval brigade at Lad^. :.mith, whose heavy guns did such timely a d effective work for General White's army. PRICE FIVE CENTS. to-day was exceptionally brief, but after ward the Defense Committee of the Cab inet, consisting of the Duke of Devon shire, A. J. Balfour, the Marquis of Lansdowne and Sir Michael Hicks- Beach, met at the Foreign Office and held a long conference with the commander-in chiof of the'l'brces. Field" Marshal Lord ■\Volseley. DUEL AT LADYSMITH. LONDON, Nov. 1. — It was announced to-day in a special dispatch from Lady smith that the Boers again closed around that place -on Monday night, sending shells into the British camp. The iwo guns landed from the British cruiser Powerful opened fire on the Boers ;.t dawn Tuesday. The Boers brought up more guns, but some of them were ?i --lenced. It is added that the Boers' loss must have been heavy. The garrison of Ladysmith is described as being in good I spirits and confident, and the troops are said to be full of fight. The artillery duel ' was still in progress Tuesday night.