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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, November 02, 1899, Image 1

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VOLUME LXXXVI-NO. 155.
WHAT THE WARFARE IN SOUTH AFRICA HAS
COST GREAT BRITAIN UP TO DATE.
In Twenty Days of Hostilities
With the Boers the English
Have Lost More Troops Than
Did America During the
Whole War With Spain.
LONDON, Nov. 2 — In the twenty days of hostilities in
South Africa the British army has lost more men in Killed
and wounded and captured than the American army lost
in the entire war with Spain. W^ile the bulK of the British
iosses is due to the capture of General White's left wing at
Ladysmith, the total of dead and wounded has already
reached high figures.
Only four less British officers have been K'Hcd th>an were
lost by the American forces in the recent conflict with
Spain. The number of British) soldiers Killed is already
n)ore than half of that of the United States troops- Esti
mating at 1000 the number in tbe captured coluri)n at Lady
smith and quoting official figures for other losses in the
American and British armies, the comparison stands as
fallows:
America (entire war) — Killed, 23 officers, 255 men;
wounded, 113 officers, 1456 men; captured, none. Total,
1847.
British (thus far) — Killed, 19 officers, 137 men; wounded,
61 officers. 492 roen; captured, officers and men, 1207.
Total, 1915.
LONDON, Nov. 2.— Tuesday
and Wednesday have passed
practically without any news
•■i the front, says the
v Telegraph, in summarizing
var situation. Up to a late
• this morning the War <, )ffice
no information to show that
eith< had made a fresh
• graphing on Monday
it, General White said that
the security of Ladysmith was in
ted. In his telegram
General Whil the story, so
is it is known, of the lost col
umn, which was much more lim
in number than early esti
mat- sented. It consisted
enth .Mountain battery,
with probably ioo men; four and
a half companies of the (ilouc.es
ters and six companies of the
Irish Fusileers. These regiments
had already suffered severely, so
that the companies would be
short of their usual complement.
The column probably numbered
?. little over iooo men. On Sun
clay night it was sent out to clear
General White's left flank, the
objective point being an emi
nence some four miles north of
Ladysmith. The night march
FRENCH SOCIETY TO AID TRANSVAAL.
I'ARIS, Nov. I.— A society has been founded to render assistance to the
Transvaal Government. Colonel Monteil is president and Francois <V>ppe,
Jules L^maitre, Henri Rochefort and Drumont, proprietor of Libre Parole,
are right honorary presidents.
The organization is enrolling volunteers to fight for the Boers, and the
promoters claim that more than 300 have volunteered. They have difficulty,
however, in finding the necessary funds, and it is doubtful whether I>r.
Leyds, ih.> s;><t;:!1 . of the Transvaal Government in Europe,
will be able !■> supply these. I'n^r these conditions the whole movement,
which is in the hands of the most violent section of the Nationalists and the
Anti-Semites, may collapse.
MAJOR GENERAL SIR ARCHIBALD HUNTER,
The hero of Abu-Hamed and now General White's chief of etaff, who com
mVl .ifi..,i tho British right in the battle at Ladysmith on October 30.
The San Francisco Call
seems to have been successful un-
til the mules carrying extra infan
try ammunition were stampeded
by boulders rolled from the hills.
The battery mules soon followed
with the whole gun equipment.
The gallantry of the troops
was superb. At once they fixed
bayonets and seized the neigh
boring hill. There they were oc
cupied till dawn constructing de
fenses. There was little molesta
tion of them till 9:30 o'clock,
when the enemy received strong
reinforcements and pressed terri
bly. At t. o'clock the brave band
found their ammunition at an
end. and the position was capitu
lated. Each man general!} carries
too rounds, so it may be sure chat
the attacking force paid dearly for
its success. It is due to the Boers
to remember that they treated the
wounded with humanity, and
General Joubert promptly of
fered General White safe conduct
for doctors and ambulances.
There are two naval brigades
operating in South Africa. One,
under Commander Ethelstan. is
below Orange River, guarding
the northern frontier of Cape
Colony, and the other, under
SAN FRANCISCO, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1899.
STARS AND STRIPES IN SOUTH AFRICA.
On the hank of the Sabi River and the main road from Delagoa Ray to the Lydenburgh gold mines Is a store
kept by an American named Jordan. On a pole in front of the store the stars and stripes are raised each morning
at sunrise and lowered at sunset. At this point Portuguese and Transvaal territory meet; It Is capable of being
Btrongly fortified, and may be the scene of a battle in the near future. Jordan was born in New York City, and his
boyhood was pasßed on the Bowery. He emigrated to South Africa nearly thirty years ago and established himself in
this location, where he has accumulated a handsome fortune. The picture is from a sketch made by J. Harrington
of this city.
command of Hon. Iledworth
Lambton, captain of the Power
ful, who was Hag lieutenant to
Lord Alcester at Alexandria, did
splendid service in Monday's ac
tion at Ladysmith. Captain
Lambton had traveled from Dur
ban to Ladysmith, where he ar
rived in the nick of time with sev
eral 4.7-inch quick-tiring guns,
and probably one or more 6-inch
guns, of which the Powerful car
ries twelve. lie lias about 500
men with him.
The Cabinet council held yes
:<ii called in conseq
uence of the reverse sustained at
Ladysmith. as summonses were
issued two days before the receipt
of the dispatch from General
White.
THE CAPTURED
COLUMN WAS
"SACRIFICED"
LONDON". Nov. 2.— The break-down of
the Delapnn Bay cable route, combined
with the monopolization of the available
telegraph line? by the Government and
British staff officers, in responsible for the
fact that nothing further has arrived
j from South Africa. The Government has
received dispatches rectifying: the casual
ty lists. These will he published to-day.
Up to midnight nothing had been re
ceiver! concerning Monday's casualties.
The War Office officials are working under
great strain. Captain Perriott, staff cap
tain to the military secretary, has just
died, his end being hastened by anxiety
and overwork.
An unconfirmed statement is published
that Sir Redvers Buller has left Cape
Town for Ladyamlth.
A belated dispatch from I,advsmith, de
scribing Monday's fight, says: "A couple
nf squadrons of Hussars bad a narrow es
cape from disaster early in the day. They
found themselves suddenly fronted, with
in easy range, by an overwhelming force
of Boers, who seemed to spring from the
bowels 'if the earth. The hussars were
splendidly handled, and were extricated
with only one man wounded."
The Queen is credited with expressing
Bincere pity for Sir George Stewart White,
and the officials are in no wise inclined to
judge him harshly. So far as the public Is
concerned, however, while gratification is
felt at the manner in which the isolated
battalions surrendered, there is still se
BRITISH STATESMEN SPEAK
OF THE WAR IN SOUTH AFRICA
Lord Hamilton Declares England Is Not in Quest of
Profit, but Is Fighting fop the Common
Benefit of Mankind,
LONDON. Nov. l.— Lord George Hamilton, Secretary of
Btate for India, speaking at Baling this evening regard
ing the situation in South Africa, paid: "Our ultimate
victory Ifl certain, and when the terms which we as vic
tors will propose to the vanquished are known foreign
nations will see that the main cause which has forced ua to
embark upon this conflict is not a desire of pecuniary profit nor
. l territorial aggrandisement, hut a determination to emanci
pate a vast territory for the common benefit of mankind from
an Ignoble and degrading tyranny."
The Earl of Belborne, Under Secretary of the Colonies,
Bpeaking at Dumfries, said: "It is not the fault of the states
men of the Transvaal that wo have not become embroiled with
some European power. If hostilities had not come when they
did they would have come at some moment of national danger
and difficulty."
Baron Tweedmouth, former Parliamentary Secretary to the
Treasury, speaking at Edinburgh, said: "The public mind has
not been so moved since the news of the dreadful events of the
Indian mutiny. We unfortunately are warring with a nation of
the same stock and religion as ourselves. At this crisis all
hearts go out to the brave Boers and to the small British army
in Natal, which against fearful odds has performed magnificent
features of valor. It is not the time to call our opponents
names or to utter cries of vengeance, but to back up her Ma
jesty's Ministers, who have a fearful, yes, an awful responsi
bility upon their shoulders."
The Earl o£ Carrinuton. Liberal. Boeaklne at Buckingham.
j vere criticism of General White and Lieu
tenant Colonel Carleton for allowing the
I column to got out of touch, for the ab
sence of proper scouting? and for not retir
ing when the ammunition was lost. In
favor of Lieutenant Colonel Carleton the
explanation is hazarded that he believed it
was imperative to the success of General
White's operations that he should hold
1 the position at Nicholsons Nek.
The Morning Post comments severely
! upon the British contempt for the enemy,
as shown by the belief that the large Boer
] force at Acton Homes could be held in
I check by Carleton's small column. It
] points out that even if the British there
had been supplied with ammunition, they
could have held out only a few hours
longer, Inasmuch as they were in the most
complete sense detached, and because no
body apparently at J.adysmlth had any
: idea of their distress or took any meas
ures to rescue them.
"The column was sacrificed," says the
: Morning Post. "becau*o it was sent into
action gagged and „^:<id£ f >!<itK'- . , It had
! neither scout nor patrol. Twelve hundred
men were thrown away for lack of cav
alry which would not have been missed
from another part of the field."
The Standard, which comments in simi
j lar terms upon "the fact that General
White made no effort to extricate the col
umn from the impossible situation into
which he had thrust it," draws a sad pic
ture of the men "hoping for relief and
then realizing with bitterness of heart
that some one had blundered, that they
had been forgotten by their general and
his staff, and that nothing was left but
surrender and imprisonment at Pretoria
! until the end of the war."
The Daily Chronicle says: "It is evident
that somebody blundered, but more details
are required before the blame can be ap
portioned."
BRITONS YET WORRIED.
LONDON, Nov. L— The gloom caused ]
by the British disaster at Ladysmith was
In a measure relieved by to-day's story j
< giving an account of the heroic stand
: made by the decimated battalions until :
their last cartridges were gone. The
British nerve was momentarily shaken
! by General White's use of the word "oa- ;
, pitulate" in his Brat telegram, but now j
> that it is known that the Gloucesters and i
Fualleera fought against overwhelming
odds and upheld the host traditions of the
British army the tension has been re
lieved, since there is no longer any
ground to dread that the loss of life was
accompanied by dishonor,
The details to-day show the catastro
phe in a brighter aspect. The full bat
talions were imi engaged and therefore
the list of prisoners is materially reduced,
while the disaster now appears to have
been not so much the consequence of de
fects in the plan of action as to a mis
fortune whereby the column was deprived
of Its ammunition. Still, it seems incom
prehensible why the plight of the luck- I
less column was not known at head
quarters, as the scene of the surrender
was only about three miles northwest of I
gave expression to virtually the same' convictions.
The Earl of Lonsdale, honorary colonel of the Third Bat
talion, border regiment, at a banquet this evening at "White
Haven, declared his confidence In General White, the British
commander In Natal, and predicted a grand review in Pre
toria next March. Referring to Emperor William's celebrated
telegram to President Kroger at the time of the failure of the
Jameson raid. Lord Lonsdale said: "If his Majesty's dispatch
had been rightly understood it would have had a totally dif
ferent effect. It was sent with a view of alleviating two sores.
It was not antagonistic to Great Britain. I have the pleasure
to know the views of the German Emperor and they are in
accordance with the views of England."
EDINBURGH, Nov. I.— Lord Rosebery. toasting the "Army
and Navy" at a banquet given this evening by the Lord Pro
vost of Edinburgh to the officers of the Gordon Highlanders
and the Scots Greys, referred to the reverse in Natal and said:
"It Is much to be regretted, but in a considerable campaign we
must look out for such incidents. It is not in the nature of
Britons to take much notice of them. We, have had a good
many of the same kind and have generally got out right in
the end. But 'whatever, happens we must see this thing
through, even if it should cost still more battalions and still
more millions. Some- day there will be an Inquisition as to the
preparations made for this , war, but the time for that is not
now. Our duty now Is to support those who have the direction
of affairs."
Ladysmith, and Lieutenant Colonel Oarl
ton must h;L\e expected relif-f to reach
liim or instead of attempting to occupy
a defensive position he would have re
traced his steps to Ladysmith when he
suffered the loss of his ammunition.
Apart from General White's statement
that the losses are very numerous there
is nothing to indicate the extent of them
except a vague report that the soldier
who brought the news to Ladysmith said
the British dead and wounded were lying
in heaps and that hundreds needed doc
tors. This, however, is hardly borne out
by the long list of captured officers.
' The concluding sentence of General
j White's dispatch relative to the safety
j of Ladysmith was received here with a
certain reserve in view of the fact that
similar official assurances were given re
cently at Dundee and Glencoe, and there
. is intense anxiety for news of the re
newed attack, which is not mentioned in
! the dispatches.
The calamity ha? served ..to alarm th«».
British and their friends. The papers
i comment on the splendid reserve of
patriotism existing in the far-away col
onies and ; the deep-seated feeling of
friendship and sympathy of the great
kindred nation across the Atlantic.
FOR A HOSPITAL SHIP.
LONDON, Nov. I.— The American La
dies' Hospital Ship Committee met at
AValsingham House to-day, Lady Ran
dolph Churchill presiding. Among those
present were the Countess of Essex. Mes
dames Reynolds, Van Duse, Field, Ar
thur Paget, Frewen and others. The
subscriptions to-day include: D. O.
Mills, £200; Mrs. Henry White, £20; the
San Francisco Examiner, £25; the Du
chess of Marlborough, £100, and Coun
tess Clarke de Sellers and Mrs. Hani
man, £50 The fund now amounts to be
tween £7000 and £8000, while one American
drug firm in London offers an entire med
ical outfit. The Maine, which the owners
of the Atlantic Transport Line gave to
the Government for a hospital ship, is
now at Tltebury. on the Thames, where
Fletcher, Son & Fearnall are docking the
ship gratis. Lady Churchill is busy cor
responding with Miss Clara Barton and
others of the American Red Cross So
ciety. She proposed to devote any surplus
above the cost of equipping the Maine
to sending out a thoroughly equipped land
ambulance corps.
Mr. Choate, the T'nited States Erahas
p:\ilor, and Mrs. Choate have expressed
great personal interest in the movement,
the diplomatic position of Mr. Choate pre
venting official participation in it. An
other of the day's subscribers to the fund
w:is .1. K. Keene of New York, who con
tributed £500.
FOUR OFFICERS CANNOT GO.
LONDON, Nov. I.— The British Govern
ment has been obliged to refuse permis
sion for the United States to send four
officers to watch the Transvaal war, ow
ing to the precedent which only permits
one representative from each recognized
FOUGHT UNTIL THEIR
AMMUNITION WAS GONE
According to General White s Report the
British Troops Battled Gamely Until
Captured by the Boers.
LONDON, Nov. I.— The British war Office to-day mnr!f> public a dispatch re
ceived from General White, describing the operations of Monday. It follows:
"Ladysmith, Oct. 31, 7:30 p. m.— l took out from Ladysmith a brigade of
mounted troops, two brigade divisions of the Royal Artillery, the Natal
Field Battery and two brigades of Infantry, to reconnoiter in force the ene
my's position to the north, and, if the opportunity should offer, to capture the
hill behind Farquhar's farm, which had on the previous day been held in strength
by the enemy. In connection with this advance a column consisting of the Tenth
Mountain Artillery, four half companies of the Gloucesters and six companies of
the Royal Irish Fusileers, the whole under Lieutenant Colonel Carlton and Major
Adye, deputy assistant adjutant gf-nernl, was dispatched at 11 p. m. on the 2Sth to
march by night up Bellspruit, and seize Nicholsons Nek, or some position near
Nicholsons Nek, thus turning the enemy's right flank. The main advance was
successfully carried out, the objective of the attack being found evacuated, and
an artillery duel between our field batteries and the enemy's guns and Maxims is
understood to have caused heavy loss to the enemy. The reconnaissance forced
the enemy to fully disclose his position, and, after a strong counter attack on our
right, the infantry brigade and cavalry having been repulsed, the troops were
slowly withdrawn to camp, pickets beintr left on observation. Late in the en
gagement the naval contingent under Captain Lambton of her Majesty's steam
ship Powerful, came into action and silenced, with their extremely accurate tire,
the enemy's guns in position.
"The circumstances which attended the movement of Lieutenant Colonel Carl
ton's column are not yet fully known, but from reports received the column ap
pears to have carried out the night march unmolested until within two miles of
Nicholsons Nek. At this point big boulders rolled from the hill and a few rifle
shots stampeded the military ammunition mules. The stampede spread to the
battery mules, which broke loose from their leaders and got away with practically
the whole of the gun equipment and the greater portion of the regimental small
arm ammunition. The reserve was similarly lost.
"The infantry battalions, however, fixed bayonets and. accompanied by the
personnel of the artillery, seized a hill on the left of the road, two miles from the
Nek, with but little opposition. Thero they remained unmolested until dawn, the
time being occupied in organizing the defense of the hill and constructing stone
sangars and walls as cover from lire. At dawn a skirmishing attack on our posi
tion was commenced by the enemy, but made no way until 9:30 a. m., when rein
forcements enabled them to rush to the attack with • -eat energy. Their fire be
came very searching and two companies of the Gloucesters. in an advanced posi
tion, were ordered to fall back. The enc-my then pressed to short range, the losse3
on our side becoming very numerous.
"At 3 p. m. our -ammunition wa.s practically exhausted, the position was cap
tured and the survivors of the column fell into the enemy's hands. The enemy
treated our wounded with great humanity, General Joubert at once dispatching a
letter to me offering a safe conduct to doctors and ambulances to remove the
wounded. A medical officer and parties to render first aid to the wounded were
dispatched to the scene of action from Ladysmith last night, and the ambulance at
dawn mis morning.
"The want of success of the column was due to the misfortune of the mulea
stampeding and the consequent loss of the guns and small-arm ammunition re
serve. The official list of casualties and prisoners will be reported shortly. The
latter are understood to have been sent by rail to Pretoria. The security of Lady
smith is in no way affected."
power. Captain Stephen l'HommediPU
Sloc-um, the United Stales military at
tache at Lisbon, has been selected. He
was In London to-day buyink an outfit,
and sailfl Saturday. Colonal Samuel b.
Sunnier, the United Suites military at
tache here, remains In London.
SOME STRAGGLERS ESCAPE.
LONDON. Nov. I.— A special dispatch
from Pietermaritzburpr, dated Tuesday
morning, says: Stragglers from the Glou
cest< rshire npiment are arriving at Lady
smith. A number of mules, with a portion
of the mountain battery, art- also coming
in.
PRAYS FOR MEDIATION.
BKRLIN. Nov. I.— The Tageblatt says
Count Rothmc-r. president of the German
Peace Societies, has telegraphed to Queen
Victoria, praying her to accept the medi
ation of the Tinted States in the war with
the Transvaal.
BRIEF CABINET MEETING.
LONDON, Nov. I.— The Cabinet meeting
YULE'S FIFTY-EIGHTH CASUALTIES.
Killed 5, Wounded 15, Missing 38.
LONDON, Nov. L— The War Office issued the following additional list of
fifty-eight casualties sustained by General Yule's force from the time of the
battle of Glencoe until it joined the force of Sir George White:
Kings Rifles— Killed. 4; wounded, 13.
Leicestershire Regiment— Wounded. 1: missing, 9.
Artillery— Killed, 1; wounded. 1; missing, 2.
Mounted Infantry— Missing, 27.
The last mentioned were attached to the squadron of the Eighteenth
Hussars that was entrapped by the Boers. They were undoubtedly captured
With the Hussars.
CAPTAIN H. LAMBTON,
Of the British cruiser Powerful, commanding: the naval brigade at Lad^.
:.mith, whose heavy guns did such timely a d effective work for General
White's army.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
to-day was exceptionally brief, but after
ward the Defense Committee of the Cab
inet, consisting of the Duke of Devon
shire, A. J. Balfour, the Marquis of
Lansdowne and Sir Michael Hicks-
Beach, met at the Foreign Office and held
a long conference with the commander-in
chiof of the'l'brces. Field" Marshal Lord
■\Volseley.
DUEL AT LADYSMITH.
LONDON, Nov. 1. — It was announced
to-day in a special dispatch from Lady
smith that the Boers again closed around
that place -on Monday night, sending
shells into the British camp. The iwo
guns landed from the British cruiser
Powerful opened fire on the Boers ;.t
dawn Tuesday. The Boers brought up
more guns, but some of them were ?i
--lenced. It is added that the Boers' loss
must have been heavy. The garrison of
Ladysmith is described as being in good
I spirits and confident, and the troops are
said to be full of fight. The artillery duel
' was still in progress Tuesday night.

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