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SUNDAY DECEMBER 31. i&» JOHN D. SPRECKELS. Proprietor. . Address All Communications to W. £1. LEAKE. Manager II MI I' 1 101 OFFirß....MnrkFt and Third. 9. P. Telephone .Main 1 -• - : OKI 11. KOOMS 217 to 221 !MeTen»on St. Telephone STnIn"IS74. Delivered hr Carrier*. 1.1 Cents Per Week. Slnple Copley B Otic. *• Term* by Mall. Including- rowtNirei lull 1 CALL (liK-Udlnc >unrtnrl. one yfnr..M.nit DAILY CALL (Including: Sunday). «( month*. . 3.00 DAILY CALL (Including "tin tin v,. a months . . MM DAILY CALL — Hy Mn:li< Month e."*c M M»A V CALL One Yenr !..%<» U*ECKL\' CALL One Venr i.mi All postmaster* arc nnttiorlced to receive nub'irrl'iltoim. ' <, hntnple copies will he forwarded when rrqnrM<-i! OAKLAND Mm Dog Broadway C. <;• ■•••««. i ICROGXESS. Mnnacer Foreign Advertl'lnc. Marqnrttr Build- Ing. < lilruEo. m w York coiuiEspoxnEXTi C C CARLTO.V Herald Square xnw* vonic rkpkksextativisi PEttnT. I I hi *«. .IK »t> Trtbnue lint M ins CHICAGO XCWB STANDS) Fbrrniftn Homes P. O. .\errn Co.« Grrnt North- | rrn Iluteli Fremont Hunse; Aadltnriam Hotel. xew 1 OHK sews «.T\\nSi Waldorf- \ntortu Hotel i A. llrentano. 31 Onion Nniirr: Murrn) Hill Hotel. WASHINGTOX «1V C.» OFFICK. .Wellington Hotel J. F. IM.IIMI, Correspondent. im^xrn OFFICES r.27 MotKtnmrrr street, cor ner « !*•». open until t»:.'t«» n'rlnrk. :t<M» lfnve« ' •>"". niirn until !I:3M o'clock. «JSJ> >IcAlll!«t«»r »l '". open until >.i ; .to o'clock. 01H Lnrktn , • treet. open until :• : :io o'clock. IIMI Mtualon j • Ircet. open until M o'clock. Dll Mnrkrt | • ir« i corner Sixteenth, open nnlll tt o'clock, j HWO Vnlenctn street, open outll •» o'clock. I . l«x. Eleventh street, open until J» o'clock, i >W. corner Tncnty-nrronil n nil Kentucky | «i . . t«. open until J» o'clock. j AMUSEMENTS. Or^^^i— Vaudeville. • Cn]irrrr. < .a--Wlth Flylnr Colors." Columbia — "Th* Christian." to-morrow n'.pht. Tlvoli— "Kittle 80-reep." C.ranl Ojicra-houiie— "SlnNid." Gran.'. Oxxra-Houi^— Symphony Concert Thursday afternoon. • or. . . IS. Alhambra— "Flnn!tßn'» Hail." Airsmr— •"Cbtmmle Fadd«n." Ch\2tr«. Zoo •' • Tl.cater»-\*audevllle every afternoon and •veninj. Olyrr.rta, cornrr Ma^on and K!.l« rtre»t»-Speclaltle«. Ur.:on Oournns r«rk— Couirlni: to-d»>. Wcy.rtn Turf A«»orlatlon-Racr» tn-morroxr. AUCTION SALES. By Chan & Mrndenhall-Tu^day. January 2. at 11 o'clock. ■ an r.>y» s:iNp», at IV> Van N>m avenue. FRENCH DESIGNS. * J "HERE is .in appearance of method in some of French n It : -.mcc to hope s been 10-t by ■ : the Kh ■ ince the ; Charle thc empire he founded, ■in. The ■ er North America:-. ins in the -.k'.c. Hi : : to Montreal, bat it fell and d t went into 1 dM French Canadians have csmen of nota r the ( Badas hat been a French dream. ■ iucntly decb.re<l. France has ■ ■>• British weakness, ;>carance of the decay of im- Pitt took The French •.«. have never [Great Britain. Their race and have been Strength rather than weakened by time, and it is possible • iry \\(>u" fire up in revolutionary form ■ ■ >ver their allegiance. French been peculiarly stimulated by the fact a general and strategist, is of It is a roundabout way to even up -•» and restore national pride, but his successes | :inst four of the best British gen • een sent against him have seemed pc oat the i • --100. The recent report that a British naval patrol is to be put upon the North Atlantic coast to stop and search ships from this country that may carry goods contraband of war may mean a guard set for quite another purpose. We have seen in our little Spanish war the development of entirely unforeseen results. It led to costly and serious consequences that were not at all intended, and would have been repudiated in the beginning. So out of the South African war may come military complications that were not thought of three months ago. If the Franco-Russian alliance still endures, and the mall spark kindled in South Africa should light a great fire, an allied at tack upon Canada and a plunge over the Indian bor der would suit the joint purposes, ambitions- and plans of France and Russia. With the peppery and volatile French Canadians aroused in concert with such a move the conquests of 1762 might well be undone. The English press is watchful of these probable moves, and the more conservative papers continually reprehend the imprudent utterances of Mr. Cham berlain. They say that intimations of an Anglo- American-German alliance must be offset by a "gen tier diplomacy" than England is in the habit of prac ticing. It goes without saying that a change to such a diplomatic tone would only serve to convince France and her ally that England is saintly because she is sick, and it might precipitate rather than retard mat ters. It is said tel the number of members of Parlia ment of the Conservative party who have resigned to go to South Africa is so large there are fears the j Ministry will not have a majority left to support it [when Parliament opens. That is one of the weak nesses of parliamentary government. Under our sys ncm the administration wouldn't be weakened if every fneniber of the House of representatives went to the i'hilippines to chase Aguinaldo. who have resigned to o South Africa i<= so large there are fears the avc a majority left to support it ;ivcnt opens. That is on' of the weak er !iament.->ry govr- ■ • Under OVT sy* t be weakened if every ' natives went to the Since it appears we arc to have an extra session it 1* to be hoped the legislators will give us something extra in the way of legislation and not treat us to any old thing in the ordinary-way. blow has been struck at a local industry. The Supervisors have placed a yearly tax of $1000 on clubs giving prizefights. The pugs might start a pro ve society. MIGH SCHOOL WORK THE most important address delivered to the teachers of the State at Sacramento was by President Wheeler on the relation of high schools to the university. Since the establishment of the connection between the two. by which graduates of the accredited high ■is enter the university there has been a pro > \e tendency to shove university work back upon the schools. As the university can dictate the terms upon which the preparatory ichool shall be accred ited it has practically dictated the curriculum, which n generally so arranged as to impair the work of practical education to be completed in the high school, if found to be suited and sufficient for stu dents who do not intend to take a university course. This policy may have been well enough when the university needed students, but now it has too many f<>i its facilities. President Wheeler pointed out that in the la«t ten years the attendance at the university BCreased .150 per cent, while the income of the institution has increased only 70 per cent. It will be Men, therefore, that the service required for the wel fare of the students is crippled by lack of money to provide it, and that the State is failing in its duty. At the same time that this incomplete service in the university is apparent, there is no "stopping place." as President Wheeler calls it. in the high school course at which a student may rest, feeling that what he has acquired up to that point is a complete and symmetrical equipment for the work in life to which his tastes or his necessities incline him. He must stop short of a finished training, or he must go on through the university work that is crowded back upon the high school, in the certainty that when his diploma carries him into the university he will but add to the Rhit caused by the discrepancy between the income the demands upon it. There is a resulting in- H \ which adds to the ranks of the "half Lar and deprives the State of the benefit of having its citizens wholly and completely educated and pre for tluir duties. As university work has been crowded into the high schools the proper work of the latter has been, of necessity, crowded back upon the mar praties, and the legitimate work of these has been forced back upon the intermediate grades, until the whole common school system has been turned into a siphon with no other function than pre paring university material and passing it along. Such tensely artificial and does not square with pedagogic science. It is indeed refreshing to all common school teach er-, to students, parents and taxpayers, to hear the president of the university declare that. "As the high school is a course in the development of personality, a culture course, its mission should not be to get stu dents into the university. Colleges should accept as who have taken a high school course, and should arrange matters accordingly, but it is not un dignified in colleges to teach the beginnings of studies. Greek. German, French and other studies mir:ht well be taught in their beginnings in colleges. thus enabling the higher institutions of learning to meet the high schools half way, and weed out from their curriculum many studies unnecessary to the stu dent who docs not intend taking a college course." This is the most important declaration of policy and I that has ever been made by a State university '(-•nt in the United States. While the general public, with attention dhcrted to the many issues of life, and accustomed to accept whatever school policy be arranged for it. may not at once appreciate the full weight and high importance of it. all profes sional educators, whether in the public schools or the ge faculties, will hail it as the first sign of a burdens. While it means much to teachers, it means still more to the generation of that is in the schools. When its rccomnienda are adopted, as they must be. the common I COttrse will again become what it was intended to be. a culture cour-e in the fundamentals of all edu cation which cr.n be common to all. The hectic con ditions which have been upon the schools will pa>s away, and a better health will fhuh through the whole system. Senator Hoar's resolutions are giving the imperial !<-!- trore worry than they can stand in the holiday n, and with one accord they arc trying to tin i relief by declaring they are in favor of them but are opposed to their enforcement. THE RECIPROCITY TREATY. WHEN the protests of Californians against the proposed reciprocity treaty with France were first urged at Washington they were answered by Commissioner Kasson with the statement that the arrangement was largely to the advantage of the American people. According to his showing we ob tain immense concessions from France and give com paratively little in return. As Ka«.?on negotiated the treaty and is thoroughly familiar with it, his statement was accepted- without question, and the only objection urged was that the gam had been made mainly at the expense of Cali fornia. It appeared that the Commissioner had driven a very profitable trade for the country at large and that his sole error tay in not taking care to pro tect our interests as well as those of the East. \ very di.ierent view of the treaty, however, has been presented to the French people by the French diplomats. They have been as eager as Mr. Kasson !" make a record at home, and accordingly they have claimed that the treaty is largely to the advantage of France. In submitting it to the Chamber of Deputies the French Government accompanied the treaty with a statement in which it was said that only 4 per cent •»f American products are benefited by the reciprocal arrangements, representing a gain of $200,000 an r'laiiy. while over 53 per cent of the French products are benefited, these representing a gain of more than .000 annually. Of course we can readily understand that such a statement is merely a part of French politics. The ad ministration, hiving arranged the treaty, is now try ing to convince the Deputies that it lias been clever b 1" gel a fjooij deal for a very little. Never theless the fact that the French can make such a good ihowing on their *ide casts some suspicion on the ac curacy of : figures, lie may have put some thing of a rosy glow on t h i - treity that makes it look brighter than it will be found when it goes into opera tion. Ka<;tcrn interests that are favored by the treaty arc ;,Rpered by the French claims. They maintain that even if the French be right it is a good thing to have the treaty. The Xew York Commercial Adver tiser, for example, says: "If the reciprocity treaty with France has been framed with wise regard fax American ir-tcc^s— and we ;.rc bound to believe this of a treaty negotiated under the eye of the President by mm chosen by him— it is not against it. but in its that it admits a larger percentage of French im to this country than of our exports into Franco. T!ic<;e figures are, of course, made on present trade. If the treaty affects imports from France, which we must take already because they are not our products. we shall gain in cheapness and lose nothing. If it THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL. SUNDAY, DECEMBER 31. 1899. affects our products now shut out of France we shall gain a considerable increase, and the comparative statistics of a few years later will tell a different story." If that view of the subject be correct — if to admit a larger percentage of French goods into our market than of our exports into France be commendable — then it will be very easy to negotiate reciprocity treaties. In the meantime it will be worth while for the Senate to inquire into the treaty and find out which side has the better of it. As for the worse side, it seems to be conceded everywhere that California gets it. The organs of the jingo Anglo-Saxon alliance con tinue to assert the American people sympathize with the British in the war with the Transvaal, but just the same one of the popular songs in New York just now has a chorus which runs thus: "Onward, Boers! Forward trek, Take the Britons by the nek, Rule Britannia! Flag and flog her, Bull and Buller! Lag and laager!" TrjE DEMAND fOR GOOD ROADS. SOMETHING of cheer is to be found in the re newed agitation for good roads now going on in the East. The new impulse comes from the increasing use of the automobile. Just as the bicy clists have been strenuous advocates of improved highways so that wheeling might be more safely and more swiftly done, the rich who can afford automo biles are in their turn demanding better roads, and thus a new and important factor is added to the side of progress. It is pointed out that while the French are by no means more enterprising than other people they are, by reason of their good roads, leading the world in the use of automobiles. According to a recent re port on the subject there are at present something more than 7000 registered owners of automobiles in Europe, and of these about 5600 live in France. It is noted, moreover, that the use of the new vehicle is not confined to the splendid streets of Paris, for of the total number of the machines operated in that country less than 2000 are in the capital. In the United States there is a considerable class cf persons ready to adopt the automobile as soon as proper roads are provided. It was quite the rage to have automobile carriaßes at Newport last season, and it is said that forty which were there to be let as liv ery carriages were far short of the demand. The in crease in their use has been very marked in all of our lr.rge cities, and it is a safe assumption the use would be as genet al in this country as in France if the roads were as well fitted for their use. The activity of the automobile men has brought up the whole subject of good roads, and once more the campaign of education on the issue is being carried on with all the vigor that marked it a few years ago. Maurice E. Eldridge of the Department of Agricul ture has been for some time past coHecting data of the cost of hauling farm produce over American roads" and according to a recent report the conclusion he draws from information Riven by farmers and team sters is that the average cost in this country for haul ing one ton a distance of one mile is 25 cents, while in France the average cost is said to be less than 7 cents. It is estimated that about $.10,000,000 is expended annually in this country in patching up and repairing bad roads. Nearly the whole of that cost falls upon the farmers, and there is added to it the heavier ex pense entailed in hauling produce over the roadv It would be worth while for farmers' institutes and sim ilar bodies to gather statistics of the cost of hauling and repairing roads in the different localities of the State. In that vay our farmers would learn for them selves what bad roads are costing them and perceive the folly of continuing the makeshift system. TI-jE CATHODE RAY OUTDONE. WHEN the marvels of the cathode or X ray were made known to the world only a few years ago, it was believed we had reached a degree of photographic power that would not be sur passed for generations to come, and that for the use of surgeons in locating foreign substances imbedded in flesh or bone it would be of permanent value. Yet according to reports of experiments made by Pro fessor Barker in Philadelphia a short time ago, that wonderful ray is about to become a back number be cause of the potency shown by a newly discovered element known as "radium." The discovery of the new element is due to M. and lime. Curie and is the result of investigations stimu lated by the discovery of the X-ray. They were ex perimenting in 1898 with uranium and its salts, which exert a feeble photographic power, when they ob served phenomena indicating the existence of an un known factor in the mass. They at once directed their investigations to the separation of that element from the substances with which it was associated and found not one but two new elements. To the first they gave the name "polonium" and to the second '•radium." The first is believed to have a radiant power five hundredfold greater than that of uranium, but Professor Barker estimates the efficiency of ra dium at one hundred thousand times that of uranium. For this reason and because of its comparative cheap ness and simplicity the second of the Curies' discov eries seems destined, it is said, to replace the costly and complicated X-ray apparatus in the realm of sur gery. The most extraordinary characteristic of the new element is thus described in an account of Professor Barker's experiments by the New York Tribune: "The practicability of deriving one form of energy heat, light, electricity or chemical action— from some other has long been recognized, but it is axiom atic that none of them can be produced except by that method. It is believed that the most man can do is to transform. It is thought that he cannot, in any true sense, create. Roentgen obtained his X-rays only by a conversion of force previously existing in the form of electricity. But a radiance which will penetrate opaque bodies and act upon the chemicals on a photographic plate is secured from radium with out the apparent use of any known species of energy. The phenomenon may yet be explained. But at pres ent it looks very much like what has long been re garded an impossibility, the spontaneous generation of force." The discovery of unknown elements of such mar velous potencies at this late stage in the investigations of science is a striking proof of how little we know of the substances that lie around us or of the forces that act upon them. There is no telling wlrit wide and high uses may yet be made of radium, but it is probable the discovery will be one of the most im portant gifts which this century v:ill bestow for the guidance of science in that which is to come If the famous peace conference had let war ques tions alone and directed its energies toward settling the dispute over the date of the beginning of Mie cen hay; ii might have accomplished something in? ! peace that would have been valuable. The New Year may not begin a new century, but it begins a new era for San Francisco all right. THE PERILS OF EXPANSION Arthur M. Wheeler Professor Arthur M. Wheeler la at the head of the Department of History In Yale University. H« hold* high rank as a scholar and educator. I AM an expansionist, one of what I call the "common pense sort." J believe in the sort of expansion the United States has h;id. It has been our policy to occupy unin habited territory. We have grown by accretion, net by annexation. Tht> only exception to this -wns the raid tn Mexico, and tne onus for that affair is commonly laid at the door of the slave barons, becaule they wished to ex tend their •power. There is a widt; difference between our traditional expansion and that Involved in the Philippine question. I < ar. analogy between the two. Of course, something depends on the motive. We assigned our motive to be "humanltarianism" at the beginning of our raid on Spain. We have now left that platform out of sight. We justify ourselves by saying that circumstances havi; changed. That argument will justify any thing. We have taken Cuba from Spain, and we say that we are going to make that Is.and Independent. We are not going to do anything of the kind. Our records covering three-quarters <.f the century are fuil of instances on the case. If Cuba has left Spain the island will fall into our hands. Cuba will never be independent, but will be Incorporated Into United States terri tory in some form or other. In acquiring Cuba we have a problem before us which is very similar to that we had in the negro question. The gist of the Spanish trouble In Cuba Is exactly that of the whites In the South. I do not doubt that to-day the whites in the South would slaughter every man. woman and child rather than sub mit to negro domination. In taking the place of Spain In Cuba we fill the position formerly held in the South by the slave bar ons. I anticipate a riot of materialism, of mammonlsm and cap italism and speculation in r'uba and Porto Rico. If we take Cuba and Porto Rico we must govern them despotically. Thct is the only way they can be governed by us. Our men will ?o to Cuba as the sugar planters went to Hawaii, and. represent ing large corporations and combinations of capital, will take Cuba under their political control. We have no risht to tho Philippines. The war did not give them to us. The protocol did not give them to us. "We are to teach the Filipinos self-government" is the latest view. Self CALIFORNIA HAS HARD QUESTION TO ASK KASSON It Will Be Put to Him Very Soon. — • — NEW POINT HAS DEVELOPED • ■ WHY DID THIS STATE GET NO RECIPROCITY P ♦ Official copies of the reciprocity treaties negotiated by Knsson and representatives of France and Great Britain have been received in this city and they have been passed around among the exporters of California produce. The result has been to make the business men in many con cerns wonder more than ever what the United States Commissioner could have been thinking about when he discrimi nated against California. The fact is de veloped that this State, if it has any share In reciprocity, has so small a one that it is not visible. On the other hand. It Is developed by the official text that the • grossest discrimination has been practiced against those products which California has been shipping abroad and working to make a market for during a period of years. Some of the exporters of California dried and canned fruits are very angry now that they have seen the treaties, and they will prepare a com munication that will be addressed to the California delegation at Washington. "Here," said a representative of a large house yesterday, while ne hold a copy of the French-American reciprocity treaty In his hands. "Is proof of what we have suspected. The list of articles upon which France will reduce her duties if the treaty Is adopted is as follows: Horses, butter, lucerne and clover seed: fodder, castiron, skins and hides prepared, boots and shoes and parts of the same, belts and cords and other leather manufactured for ma chinery, dynamos, machine tools, dynamo conductors and parts, arc lamps known as regulars, ■near, chicory roots, green or dried; eggs, cheese, honey, porcelain, cardboard rough in shfcts. "Now Just cast your eyes over that list and see if there is/«ny mention there of prunes or dried fruits. Look at the list of articles that Uncle Sam will let in at low duties and you will pee the follow ing articles in which California is espe cially concerned: Nuts, prunes, olive oil, plants and seeds. "California is a large exporter of prunes to France and Germany. The to tal exports of prunes from California tnis year will amount to about 25,000,000 pounds, which are worth to the purchaser ;> cents per pound on the average. These are worth therefore at least $1,250,000. Not all of them went to France, but a largo share did.. We sell more prunes to France than -France sells to the United States. If there was to be a reduction in the duties on the French prunes there ought *Uso to have been made a reduction In the duties put by France upon California prunes. If the United States Government is willing to facili tate the . breaking in of the French to the American market for prunes It ought not to overlook the fact that we are also trying to lind a better market in France. I do not care to have my name printed, for this is not an Individual light that we are engaged in, but the whole State is concerned. A petition will be pre pared to go to Washington, nsklrc ihnt in-- discrimination against California may be consedered. There is ■ German ir«ao reported to be In formation, and also a Russian treaty. They will also probably be harmful to us." ; , IS NINtiY-NMb ONE HUNDRED? The Call do** not hold Jtnelf responsible for the oDlnions publishpd In this column, but presents them for whatever value they may have as communications of general Interest. Editor The Call 1 . Your leading editorial of last Sunday, a bit of an editorial squlb let on Wednesday and your editorial page cartoons of thia morning indicate that gome minds yet consider our heading an open Question. The following may help such: Tiie question sounds absurd, does It not? It admits but the single answer. "Of course mnety-ninc is not one hundred — It cannot be — no authority can muke it so." \ei the question "Is the new year, nine teen hundred, the last of the nineteenth century or the first of the twentieth?" Is exactly the same question in another form. Any. mind working proof, and willing to find It, hus only to question itself thus: First— ln common, everyday counting does the one hundredth unit belong to the first hundred or to the second? Does It not finish the llrst? Could we have tho hundred without it? Eh i ond— lf our units are years does It In any way alter the fact? Third— Then is it not plain that the year ninety-nine could not have ended the first century, but that only the last minute of the year one hundred could have fully completed that century? L Ami do we not see with equal clearness I that It needed the last second of the year one thousand to finish the tenth century— thi very last instant of eighteen hundred to finish the eighteenth century, and that it will take the very lust second of De cember n, ISM, to completely end the nineteenth century? Fourth— Can an honest debtor fully dis charge ■ hundred-dollar debt with ninety nine dollars, or cvi n with ninety-nine dol , lars and ninety-nine cents? Or can this I ohl world of ours fully discharge its debt i of nineteen hundred yean to old Father ! Time with eighteen hundred and ninety • i nine years, or even with eighteen huii : dred and ninety-nine years and three hun dr-'i ai.d sixty-four days? Those who an swer these questions afflrmativ ]y w< . nhnuM hardly wish as preferred debtors surely. Facts In mathematics admit no argu ments. Within Its domain we may posl i tlvelv assert and lncontrovertibly main- | government cannot be taught. WkmVM It has appeared ;n the world It has been the result of a long process of growth and no nations, other than those of (termanlc origin. h«v« ever cv r bi H able to get It in even that slow and painful England has b»en In Egypt since 1«1. but Sir Edwar' says t!\it no progress has bt-en made In teaching the Kgyptiarn s< lf-Kov<-riiment. \\. have really only a single motive for expansion— gr-ed of pain and trad.-. We have the most magnlfl< »nt domain the Lord ever Allowed iiny nation to have, and we should be con tent to remain on It. The worst feature of the situation Is that we have turned our entire attention to rroney-gettlnjr. I am one of th<ne who were so foolish as to believe that when mir territory filled we would turn oar attention to higher (Hi' I ||If ' If the civil war we had our slave barons. We overthrew that tnstocracy. Since the civil war th» I wealth na* arisen. This Is increasing. Observe the I'nlted - ators worth their millions. All this tends to the absolute con trol of the PHMfy power In politics. Another phase of the Philippine question Is this: Whr should we go to the Philippines for trade when nlne-tenth» of the trade of the South American nations Is with England? It is said that the l.uropean nations are going to break up rhln.i I do not believe It. China has existed for 4CX) years, and siM will be right here In 4000 years more, whether England Is >r not. The best thlnß for China we can do Is to stir her up. T** M will awaken her to competition with the Western nations, and she will drive their goods out with her cheap labor. One of the weightiest arguments for our keeping out of the Oriental countries is evident from the recent Parliamentary re port, which states that fully 5o per cent of the English troops have to be sent home infected with syphilitic diseases. Do we wish to send our youne men to the Philippines and run the m« of a similar experlenc*? It is hard to find out Just how the public stands on th* question of retain. ng the Philippines because of the attitude o» the brigand press. But there Is everything against retaining possession of the Philippines, and there is nothlnr In favor of It. tain that a fact Is exactly so and cannot possibly be otherwise. Those who will kindly take pains to con sider the above, with other familiar illus trations omitted for lack of space, can hardly fall to see that no other answer is possible than that this current year does not and cannot end this current cen tury. And as a necessary consequence they must also see that the twentieth century will not. as It mathematically cannot. begin till the very first second of the year ML Thus the present century has yet ono more full year to run. May yourselves and all your myriad readers find the com ing new year. 1900. the true last year of the nineteenth century, the very hap piest and best of all your and their lives. Mathematically yours, E. KNOWLTON. San Francisco. Dec. SO. 1899. MOST BEAUTIFUL HOLIDAY PAPER Bridgeport Chronicle Union. December 23, ISM. The Call Issued a fifty-two page Christ mas edition last Sunday, fully Illustrated, Its illustrations being of great artistic merit. •• • • Slsson Mirror. December 21, 1899. The Christmas number of The Call came last Monday. It Is a large, and beautiful copy, containing many fine articles and excellent pictures. • • • San Andreas Citizen. December 23. 1539. The San Francisco Call's Christmas art number was the best designed, the most artistic and better printed than anything ever attempted on this coast. It was a most creditable piece of work. Indeed. • • • Angels Camp Record. December 23. ISO?. Last Sunday's Call was one of the most artistic holiday papers ever issued on the coast. It was full of news from the first page to the last one. The colored supple ment was indeed a beauty. • • • Los Angeles Herald. The Christmas edition of the Sunday Call marked the apogee of artistic and literary- excellence in the way of Sunday Issues of a dally paper. The illustrations ' are in many cases perfect examples of fine color printing and in all paints the edition is most creditable. A. J. Moore, the editor of the Sunday Call, was form erly on the Herald staff in thi3 city. Slnco his arrival on this coast from New York a few years ago he has made remarkable progress in his profession. . He is making a Sunday paper different from the ac cepted class of such journals in producing a paper that is pleasing to the eye and Is devoid of the penny dreadful features that many editors think are clamored for by the people, but which are objectionable to the larger class of readers. ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENT!. FAITH AND HHKATU-J. H. S.. Val lejo. Cal. Faith and breath will not rhyme, and It is said l.v writers of po etry that Umh vrords cannot be us. ri as finals in allowable rhymt-s. You had bet ter consult some rhyming dictionary ARMY HBADQUARTEBS-&, City. The riimrtermast.r"* il.-ji.-irt n>>nt of the I'nited States Amy, Department of Cali fornia. Is not in tlu> Ph.lan building, but Is located on New Montgomery stre.-t !..• tween Markr-t and Mission. The store house of that department Is on Jessl« street, near New Montgomery. TRANSFORT-A. S. City. The largest number of men who arriv-d from Manila in San Francisco came on the transport Sherman, which arrived here Auk F*\y NEURASTHEN A' Wmlk^mm Nervous Debllll - V - LETTIN6 DOWN OF THE NEBVES, mvm& 1 • CURED with t h e I m Great Hudyan. 5<S J 1 r yyC "The numbers show the points of ,'L A 1 gp^ OoA weakness that are due to a letting- ;(%**% I IXIv down of the nerves." V ' 1 I o?& Fig. 7. headaches or dizziness: O * I rtf\X Flr. 6, hollow eyes or dark rings A la I*• vVv under eyes; Fie. 5. pale, thin face Xl I S I <Xx or BUn^ cn cheeks; Fig. 4 coated \)\ I • I ■ t^vO tongue and offensive breath: Fig. A^VjTT 1 Jf >yx^ • '• Palpitation of heart; Fig. 2, dls- xv \/o*\ I XX^i^Oc ordered digestion and bloating of , V\; j ■ V'YVO stomach; Fig. 1. torpid liver and wtj I y/'\s constipation. Other symptoms of Y| I \' * nerve weakness are clouded mem- I I !* fry, lack of enerey, despondency V \9 ,'J tremblings, irritability, weakness Ir-JT a fear of Impending evil loss) of* 1 appetite, backache, horrid dreams J twitching of muscles, nausea. You I awake in the morning hollow-eyed I and tired out You cannot sleep, I have horrid dreams. 1 HUDYAN cures one and all the I j above symptoms. Don't wait a I * J moment. HUDYAN Is within your |^ \ Immediate reach. Don't court pre- s"** MMSa mature decay nor serious menial IS9 Ell «li UD A speedily makes Its In- X Sfll «3f nuenre felt In nerve quietude, im- ! ffl VWfffj proved appetite, pain In weight : Hfl fr^J ?n? n i.v# r ? nßth * correct' bowelv : ±IM Blag , * healthful sleep. HUDYAN Is na- ■ VM PUtstl ture'h own remedy for building up S3 tr^j *nd rejuvenating the nervous sys- rHfjk WX£> tern. HUDYAN Is a positive oure 1 Satj «£§&' lor all nervous troubles. j* JET Pi lUDYAN fop rail by drnit- A/f_z2&* V 4) ii a -ll 8 ' 50c a package, six packages mm^ mW' f v "" r <lrii KK'«»t dot- (Hudynn for N:rvc 8 . SjMjfTtS 'BBSS. Al TU^gists. 50c) and Market streets. San Fran- r^o^c^SaPafflWSS^ 1 «■ vocb c«a IS!*). She had on board twelve companies of the First California Regiment of Vol unteers and two batteries of the Califor nia \nlunteer Heavy Artillery, together with field, staff and line officers. BEER VINEOAR-J. M. City. It Is said that stale beer can be converted Into vinegar by the addition of acetic acid and straining the liquid. COMPULSORY EDUCATION-Reader. City. There have been passed In twenty nine States and two Territories compul sory'school laws, defining the ages to which the law shall apply, the annual school attendance and the penalty Im posed on parents and guardians for a vio lation of the law. The States are: Cali fornia, Colorado. Connecticut. Idaho. Ill inois, Indiana, Kansas. Kentucky. Maine. Massachusetts. Michigan. Minnesota. Montana. Nebraska. Nevada. New Ham shire. New York. North Dakota. Ohio. Oregon. Pennsylvania. Rhode Island. South Dakota. Utah. Vermont. Washlng tun'^Nostt u n '^ Nost lr *f'" l '». Wisconsin. Wyoming; )) e tt T rlt ,° r /- f>H , * r C : New Me«»co and the District of Columbia. CIVILIAN'S AND MEAT-A Reader. City. "Is It a fact that the civilians In England eat as much meat in one week as /he civilians of Ireland eat In six weeks?" Is a very broad question. The correspon dent does not seggregate the classes of civilians: but If he refers to the upper class it is probable that In both countries the consumption of meat Is about equal. In the middle classes It is probable that those of England partake of more flesh food than do those of Ireland, while among the poorer classes th.-re is ri > difference to speak of. If the correspon dent wishes to draw a distinction between the upper class of England and th" poorer class of Ireland, it Is probable that ono Individual will consume more than six times the amount of animal food that tha other does. This answer Is based only on observation, as there are no statistics on the subject. » m ■ Cream mixed candles Ir Japanese bas kets. 2 1b We., at Townsend't. 627 Market.* » ♦ « Gulllet'a Ice Cream an! Cakts. VZ Larkln at.; iel i:»«: 19*. • » ♦ ■ Townsend's famous broken and mlx»d candies— 2 lbs. 25c. 627 Palnce Hotel • ■ » ■ . Special information supplied dally I business houses and public men by th« Press Clipping Bureau (Allen's). 510 Mont gomery street. Telephone Main 1043. • Broker Ward Died. William H. Ward, the broker, who was found last Friday morning aim o*t nsphyxlated In his room In tr.» Palmas Hotel, died jreaterday morning in the Rellevue Sanitarium. The body was takrn to the MOfBUe, Personally Conducted Excursions In Improved wlde-ve«tlbuled Pullman tourist vleeplnc cars via Santa F« Route. Experienced excursion conductors accompany the*« excur. slona to look after the welfare of passencers. To Chicago and Kansas City every Sunday. Wednesday an Friday. To Boston. Montreal and Toronto every Wednesday. To St. Louts every Sunday. To St. Paul every Sunday and Friday. Ticket office. *Z* Market street. « ♦ » The Fastest Train Across the Contl- nent. The California Limited. Santa V* Root*. Con necting train leaver ■'. p. m . Monday, Wednes day. Friday and Saturday. Finest equipped train tind beat tract* any Una to tb« East. Ticket orAce. ta Market street. • Insolvent Saloonkeeper. Frederick Menken. «a loon-keeper, Oak land, $1304 07; assets. SIOO.