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The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, January 01, 1900, Image 5

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ROMT:, Drc. 21.— 1t Is asserted that the Pop© after the recent ceremony of
opening the holy door at St. Peter's Cathedral addressed his intimate ln
tourage and eaid:
"I thank Divine Providence for granting me the gTace of being able to
celebrate this great function, and I wish for my successor grandeur and a
long reign, to the gTeater glory of God. My successor will be young as
compared with my own age, and will have time to see many glories of the papacy
and the church."
Later Leo clearly designated Cardinal Girolamo Maria Gotti, prefect of the con
groiratlon of indulgences and sacred relics, as his successor.
It Is hard to tell how the candidature of Cardinal Gotti sprang Into existence.
He is a monk of the barefooted Carmelite order, and is as Ligurian as Pope
Julius 11. But he holds himself apart from the miseries of the world like Sextus
V before h<» throw away his crutches. He displayed diplomatic qualities of tho
highest order in the mission to Brazil confided to him by Leo XIII.
In that country, in addition to the conflict going on between the civil and re
llfrious authorities, the church was In considerable danger on account of the lack
of discipline which prevailed among the clergy and the episcopate. To the great
astonishment of every one the Pope selected the superior of the barefooted Car
mclitos, who happened to he Father Gotti, to put an end to disorder and re-es
tablish harmony between the religious and civil powers.
Father Gotti In two or three years triumphed over all difficulties and his
sucooss was so complete that on his return the holy father decreed him a
Can'.inal's hat. Greatness appears to have no temptations for Cardinal Gotti, for,
though clothed in purple, he occupies a very modest room at the Forum of Tra
jan and sleeps on a monk's bed. His political tendencies are unknown and he
may be either a conciliatory Pope or a fighting Pope, according to his personal
Inclination and to the character of the majority which places him In St. Peter's
Total Tonnage More
Than in 1898.
Special Dispatch to The Call.
"WASHINGTON, Dec. 31.— The total
number of vessels built and officially
numbered by the Bureau of Navigation
during the calendar year Just ended was
954, aggregating 267,642 gross tons, com
pared with "955, aggregating 237,600 gross
tons, for the year 189 S. Steam vessels
built during 1899 numbered 421. of 160,132
gross tons, compared with 550 of 169,602
gross tons for IS9B. Sail vessels numbered
533 of 107,510 gross tons, compared with
405 of 67,998 gross tons for 1898. The In
crease Is almost wholly on the Atlantic
and Gulf coasts, where 658 vessels of 163,
519 gross tons were built, compared With
538 vessels of 86,005 gross tons for 1898. On
the Paclnc Coast only 114 vessels of 20,5(/7
gross tons were built, compared with 240
of 61,923 gross tons for the previous year.
This failing off In construction on the
Pacific Coast, In spite of the fact that the
Alaskan trade next year will be very large,
Is due partly to the belief that American
merchant vessels hitherto employed as
transports to Manila will be released and
enter the coasting trade in the spring.
Construction on the lakes comprised 70
vessels of 72,094 gross tons, compared with
66 of 75,067 gross tons for 1898; on the Mis
sissippi and Western rivers 112 of 11,942
gross tons, compared with 111 of 14,605
gross tons for IS9S. he total output for
the United Kingdom for the year has not
been ascertained, but it will exceed 744
steamships of 1,363,319 gross tons, all of
which were steel, built during 1898. The
returns for the first six months of the fis
cal year show the construction in the
United States of 627 vessels of 133,487 gross
tons, compared with 511 vessels of 130,154
gross tons for the corresponding six
months of the previous fiscal year. None
of the foregoing figures Include unrigged
barges and canal boats. Including these
the total documented tonnage built in the
United States during the current fiscal
year bids fair to be somewhat over 300,000
gross tons.
WOODLAND, Dec. 31.— Goaslps have found a sweet morsel for conjecture in
the engagement of Miss Voletah West and Byron C, Hughes, both of whom are
s descendants of the oldest, most prominent and influential families of the
"" Sacramento Valley. They will be married to-morrow at the residence of
the parents of the bride, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. "West, who reside three miles north
of Dunnlgan, Yol« county. :'.''¦ •'?:',
The bride is widely known in the society of two counties, Yolo and Colusa,
and she is a great favorite in both. She is an only daughter, charming in man
ner and appearance, and possesses rare physical graces and accomplishments of
a high order. Mr. Hughes is the third son of Mr. and Mrs. T. F. Hughes. He
Is a prosperous young farmer of exemplary habits and high character.
Copyright, 1899,
by Seymour Eaton.
Contributors to this course: Dr. Edward Dowden. Dr. William J. Rolfe. Dr. Hamilton
W. Mabie. Dr. Albert S. Cook. Dr. Hiram Corson. Dr. Isaac N. Demmen. Dr. Vld» D.
Scudder and others.
Introductory Study.
The tragedy of "Othello" is everywhere
acknowledged to be one of the greatest
triumphs of human genius. In both con
ception and execution it stands unsur
passed In the literature of ancient or mod
ern times. It fulfills all the conditions
of high tragedy. Here if anywhere in art
we stand face to face with the solemn
mystery of evil, the possibilities of human
wickedness, the heights of human devo
tion. In lago on the one hand and in the
Moor and his gentle lady on the other
tho extremes of human character meet In
mortal conflict, and there is no hand to
save. The evil prevails so far as evil can
ever prevail. We pity and tremble and
are chastened. |
Can anything new be said about this
stupendous work? For 100 years now
learned critics and lovers of Shakespeare,
from Schlegel and Coleridge to George
Brandes and Sidney Lee, have given us
the results of their studies upon the sub
ject in all its phases. As we turn from
the survey of the mass of writings' that
have gathered about the play we are apt
to feel as though there were nothing
more, either wise or foolish, left to be
said. The better we know the piece the
more we are likely to feel with Dr. John
son that "the beauties of this play im
press themselves so strongly upon the
attention of the reader that they can
draw no aid from critical Illustration";
and perhaps the most helpful advice one
can give Is, to read, and to reread, and to
read again. For one to attempt to sum
marize, abridge or interpret piecemeal for
another, seems almost an impertinence.
In plot structure "Othello" shares with
"Coriolanus" the distinction of being the
moat symmetrical and evenly sustained of
the author's works. The explanation of
this in the case In hand may be seen in
the nature of the theme and in the form
of the original story. In Cinthlo's tale
the plot is simple and the characters are
few. Only one of bis persons bears a
name ("Dlsdemona," the ill-starred).
Shakespeare selects names for the others,
and in place of the wife's "relatives"
puts Brabantio. To this small group he
adds the dupe Roderigo, a creature of
his own lnventfon; and to what Important
use he puts him in bringing out the real
nature of lago is speedily apparent. In
their first words together we early discov
er the "eternal villain." "the busy and In
sinuating rogue." as he acts out his das
tardly plans. Not less clearly appears the
noble, unsuspecting, free and open nature
of hl3 victim, the Moor. The lines of at
tack are worked out with precision, and
the nature of the struggle is plainly fore
shadowed. In spite of all hl3 efforts to
escape the hero is gradually but securely
entolled. and the plot P«> ceed » w '™
steady and relentless movement to the
tragic close. The climax or height of
entanglement is reached in the third act,
and the curtain quickly falls upon the
ratastruDhe in the fifth. There is no di
gression? scene follows scene uninterrupt
edly and remorselessly. No explanationsof
the awiul consequences are offered, no
moral drawn Let the student compare
tho finished Play with the Italian original
Sven in fuU in Furness) and learn once
for all how Shakespeare handled his ma
te i r n al character development this play Is
m^hlracter, but merely to the rousing of
Lesions already dormant in his breast.
The unfolding of character, however,
seen "n all the principal persons of the
nlot has nowhere been surpassed.
As a Itage Play "Othello" has always
betn a favorite with the public and with
thl profession. All the great actors of
modern times, from Burbage to the elder
Salvini, have appeared In It. »e\eral of
them with world-renowned success Of
tho last it was common to say that he did
not play Othello; that he was Othello. A
like Judgment was passed upon Edmund
Kean by his contemporaries.
In studying any work of Shakespeare's
we do well to remember that he wrote for
a London audience and that he was thor
oughly English. Especially do we need
toteep this in mind when confronted with
the mass of antiquarian and other matter
that has been .literally piled upon his
plays in recent years, much of whicn
serves to darken rather than to elucidate
their meaning. We are not to suppose,
for example that in writing Hamlet
he cared much for Danish customs as
such; or in writing "Coriolanus for the
life of prehistoric Rome. *or romantic
purposes his scenes were generally laid
In remote places or distant times, or both,
and he preserves in varying degree the lo
cal coloring of his sources. This, however,
is often little more than a matter of
names. In his Italian and Scotch scenes
he has preserved more fully than else
where the local atmosphere, and from this
it has been claimed that he must have
visited those countries in person. How
ever that may be. as he wrote for an Eng
lish audience and in the English tongue
he naturally made his characters men and
women not too foreign to English blood.
Accordingly Theseus becomes an English
nobleman. Hamlet an English prince,
Desdemona an English wife. Even his
supernatural characters are English. En
glish fairies dwell in Athenian groves
and English witches on the blasted heath
of Scotland.
Does this rule hold for Othello? Not a
few critics, following the lead of A. W.
Schlegel, have maintained that Othello
can only be understood in the light of his
racial peculiarities. "We recognize in
Othello," says Schlegel. "the wild nature
of that glowing zone which generates the
most raging beasts of prey and the mo3t
deadly polaons, tamed only in appearance
by the desire of fame, by foreign laws of
honor and by nobler and milder manners.
His jealousy is not the Jealousy of the
heart, which is compatible with the tcn
derest feeling and adoration of the be
loved object; it is of that sensual kind,"
etc. No doubt difference in blood appears
to serve a purpose in bringing on the
catastrophe of the play, as in the original
tale; but is this difference essential or ac
cidental with Shakespeare? Commentators
who seek to rationalize the poet's methods
and to find a cause for every effect will,
of course, make this difference the main
spring of the tragedy. But is this the
real truth of the matter? May not the
mad Jealousy of Othello be met with un
der every sun? Did Shakespeare's audi
ence need to go to Italy for examples of
innocence misled, betrayed, destroyed?
Was the noble, credulous, passionate man
a stranger to their observation? Othello's
African blood is a mere accident and must
not blind us to the real significance of this
marvelous presentation of a universal
fact, as mysterious as it is universal, the
presence in the world of malignant and
deadly forces in human shape, and the
consequent danger that threatens, we may
almost. say is inherent In, the possession
of the noblest virtues.
Does the wickedness of lago pass belief?
.We should be glad to think so; and yet
our desire to think so may blind us to th«
real truth about wicked men, as the sim
plicity of Desdemona and Othello closed
their eyes to the r*>al naturo of their ad
versary. That cold, calculating, serpent
like Intellectuality, which consider* truth
fulness folly and virtue a fig. is still pres
ent in the world Jr. which we live. St.
Paul found It in his day: Shakespeare na<l
evidently encountered It: the scriptu.*
paradox. "Be ye wise as serpents and
harmless as doves." points to Its exist
ence. Vet. bad as lago is, true to human
nature even In Its most villainous forjn.
he goes seeking for motives to Justify hii
diabolical schemes. "The Moor hail passed
him by unjustly.'". ln this connection Coi*'
ridge'a well-worn phrase, "the motive
hunting of a motiveless malignity," muit
do duty orfco more.
Was Othello a blackamoor? W« have
no means of knowing how Burbage pre
sentPd the character; but from th»» elegy
written upon him •n the time of hl.-»
death we may infer that this was his
'Hut l?t me not forget one chiefe»t Dart
Wherein, beyond the r»»st. he moved th» heart.
The grieved Moor, rmirlf Jealous by a slave.
Who sent his wife to fill a timeless xravp.
Then slew himself up«n the bloody N»<l.'
The language of the piiy seems to make
Othello black, not tawny. One passage
especially leaves room for little doubt on
this point:
"Her nam», that was n* fresh
An Plan's visage. Is now b»>j;rlm'>i and black
As mine own face." (111., 3, tS*-ISJL)
Throughout thf» eighteenth century. from-
Beterton to KembU\ he was uniformly so
represented upon the English stage and
generally in the scarlet uniform of a Brit
ish officer. Garrlck so played the part.
The elder Kean (ISU) was the first to
break the tradition
In this case, as in
the case of Shylock.
and acted the part
as a tawny iloor.
His example has
been generally fol
lowed from that day
to this.
The question of
color divides itself
into two parts—
what was Shake
peare's Intention?
and what is most
effective on tho
modern stage? On
the second point we
may safely assume
that the lighter col
or is the only one
acceptable to tho
audience of to-day.
Did Shakespeare
himself consider the
matter important? In Clnthlo'a tale the
wicked ensign urges the blackness (ne
i» zzaj of the Aioor as a reason for Des
demona's alleged aversion to her hus
band. Did the poet take this literally and
think it not worth while to modify It, or
did he deliberately choose to startle us
by another of those daring contrasts
which approach the very limits of proba
bility, such as the wooing of Anne la
"Kichard III," or the opening scene
of "Lear," or Hamlet's cruelty to
Ophelia? Christopher North held to
the latter opinion, and argued it with
no little persuasiveness, "mack Is tho
utter antithesis." "Pity for the contrast
and the thought of the immense love that
has overcome it." "Every Jot of soot you
take from his complexion you take an
iota from the stgnitied power of love."
Such are his words; but he tempers them
with the reflection that "on the stage
some consciousness that everything is not
as literally meant as It seems— that sym
bols of humanity, and not actual men
and women, are before you— saves the
piay." Wllson"s view (lsso> had been
anticipated by Charles Lamb (lSllj In his
delightfully semi-quizzical essay "On the
Tragedies of Shakespeare." The love of
Desaemona for Othello is there cited as
an illustration of "the perfect triumph of
virtue over accidents, of the imagination
over the senses." But while he justilles
this In a reading play, he objects to Its
visual presentation upon the stage.
Was Othello jealous? Coleridge argued,
with his usual subtlety, that he was not.
The answer to the question depends upon
our definition of the term. Othello Is cer
tainly not such a Jealous man as was
Leontes. We commonly associate with
the word the element of morbid distrust.
Othello was clearly not jealous In this
baser sense. He Is wholly unsuspecting
at first. lago's insinuations surprise and
trighten him.
"Therefore these stops of thine fright me tl»«
He does not welcome distrust; he fights
against it. Yet his suspicions are finally
aroused and confirmed by the satanlc In
genuity of lago and the co-operation of
late, and his great heart is fired and torn
by trie pains of jealousy. Thl3 he himself
realized when it was too late; and per
haps the best answer to our question,
after al'., la that given in his own words—
"One not easily Jealous, but, being wrought.
Perplexed la the extreme."
True, a few moments before, when con
fronted with his deed, he exclaimed:
"For nought did I In hate, but all In honor";
yet, when the full sense of his rashness
comes over him, he falls Into setf
reproaches of the bitterest tone:
"When we shall meet, at compt.
This look of thine will hurl my soul from
And fiends will snatch at It*;
and a little later;
¦"O fool! fool: fool!"
But these reproaches are not Shakes
peare's, nor shall they be ours. We pre
ter Cassio'js final word.
For he was great of heart."
Indeed, we miss the true import of tho
play entirely If we do not see and dwell
upon the wrong done to Othello rather
thar* the wrong done by him. The ap
palling calamity that falls upon him is the
central theme of the whole. The fate of,
Desdcmona, pitiful as it is — and it could
not be more so — is secondary to the other.
Ccleridge has rightly urged that we must
perseveringly put ourselves In Othello's
place and remember his entire confidence
in lago's honesty, a confidence we find it
difficult to comprehend from the point of
view of a mere spectator. Unless Othello
wins our deepest sympathy for his un
happy and unmerited fate the tragedy
falls for us. Such compassion can arise
only from a sense of kinship with his no
bility of nature.
The theater-goer of ancient Athens sat
at the foot of the Acropolis, with th© blue
vault of heaven above him and all the
glories of mountain and sea around him
and listened to the cries of suffering man
in the toils of Inexorable fate as por
trayed by
"The mellow glory of the Attic stasre
Singer of sweet Colonus and Its child."
Long centuries after and under far other
skies a motley throng flocked to the
Bankslde to hear the "O! O! O'"' of tho
grieved Moor and witness the tragic load-
Ing of the bed. How different the scene
the time and all. Yet the two were one'
Here as there human hearts were touched
by human woes when tuned by the master
hand; and here as there the awful mys
tery of unmerited suffering and anguish
pressed upon and subdued the croud
spirits of men.
University of Michigan.
Illicit Shrimp Fishers
Resist Arrest.
Twenty Members of the King Ow
Yong Company Arrested and
Their Junks Held as
Evidence. .
Special Dispatch to The Call.
SAN RAFAEL, Dec. 31.— A hand-to
hand fight in a plunging, rolling Junk be
tween desperate shrimp fishers and San
Rafael officers took "place to-day. The
men were caught red-handed with the
holds of their craft filled up with small
fish and shrimps caught with the aid of
the forbidden "set net."
Late last night Constable George Agnew
received word from Point San Pedro that
the fishermen of King Ow Yong's combine
were using the proscribed nets and also
mingling a plentiful sprinkling o' "small
fry" along with their lawful prey of
shrimps. At dawn this morning Agnew,
accompanied by Deputy Fish Commis
sioner Alfonso Miller and several depu
ties, left for the scene. On their arrival
they found the junks were out at sea,
and surmising that the fishermen were at
their work the officials embarked In a
swift sloop to effect their capture. All
the junks but one yielded quietly to the
representatives of the law and took their
way shoreward to await a launch to tow
thorn back to San Rafael. The exception
ran up her sail and stood out across the
bay toward San Pablo. Taking In the sit
uation the oflicers gave chase and for
about half an hour the two craft tore
through the water with their lee rails
submerged. The boat occupied by the of
ficers, however, soon shortened the dis
tance between pursuer and pursued. A
heavy sea was running at the time and to
board the Orientals' craft was a task
of the utmost difficulty. After some
trouble Agnew managed to spring aboard
and was instantly surrounded by Chinese
with their arms raised In a threatening
manner and armed with boat hooks. In
the meantime the craft which Miller and
the deputies occupied had been compelled
to sheer off, as the heavy sea made the
two craft roll against each other and the
clumsy junk with her ponderous steering
sweep threatened to smash the smaller
boat to pieces. Agnew drew a pistol on
his assailants, but even with this auxil
iary it is doubtful if he would have been
able to keep them off had not Miller seen
his plight and sent three bullets crashing
in uncomfortable proximity to the Ori
entals' heads.
This brought them to time and no fur
ther difficulty was experienced with them.
The arrested men, twenty in all, belong
to the King Ow Yong Company and are
among those who have been most per
sistent in the persecution of the Yung Wo
fishermen, who, by refusing to Join the
Yong combine, brought the hatred of the
wholo fishing community on their heads.
Nets, fish and Junks will be brought to
San Rafael to be usod as evidence against
the prisoners. The various factions of tho
camp at Point San Pedro have for a long
time been at outs and the frequent ar
rests which have occurred of late will
add fuel to the fire and a general war
of the tongs Is feared to be imminent.
Reduced Rates.
The great historic panorama of the Bat
tle of Manila Bay, which has been on
exhibition at Central Park for several
months, is soon to be removed for ship
ment to the Paris Exposition. Thousands
have visited the panorama since Its es
tablishment here, and now to afford
every one an opportunity to Inspect this
magnificent picture the management has
decided to reduce the price of admission
to 25 cents for adults and 10 cents for
This generous action on the part of the
exhibitors will doubtless be appreciated by
the public and be met by large attend
Bound for Washington.
Registered at the Palace Is a party of
distinguished politicians, who arrived at
the hostelry last evening from the south
ern part of the State. It consists of Sen
ator George L. Shoup of Idaho, Senator
C. D. Clark of Wyoming, Hon. BinjrT
Hermann, United States Land Commis
sioner; General F. C. Ainsworth, Governor
N. O. Murphy of Arizona and Dr. F. K.
Ainsworth of the Southern Pacific Com
The party has been through Arizona,
New Mexico and other portions of the
south on official business connected with
the dlffernt departments and Congression
al committees to which they belong, and
happening to meet they Joined together
ana are now in this city en route to Wau.
lngton, D. C.
Montejo Attributes His Defeat at
Manila to the Weakness of
His Guns.
CHICAGO. Dec. 31.— The Tribune to-day
prints the text of Admiral Montejo's de
fense under court-martial proceedings for
his defeat at Manila. The bulk of the
blame is charged by the admiral, not to
himself or his fleet, but to the Spanish
Government for unprepared conditions.
He claims that Admiral Dewey kept out
of range of Spanish guns— a proceeding
which Montejo refers to as a "retreat.
Admiral Montejo says:
* The only preparation that had been made for
war was made by the Americans. The initial
velocity of our cannon was 510 metres; that
of the smallest cannon of our enemy was 7DO
metres. Admiral Dewey, with pencil In hand,
noted the thickness of his mantles and his
casements and knew wbat energy was required
to penetrate them. He also knew exactly the
weight of the most powerful projectile of our
ships and by a simple mathematical calcula
tion he arrived at the distance at which he
could fight without himself receiving any harm,
lie says he ascertained that he could fight at
a distance of 2000 or 3000 metres wjth absolute
Impunity. The situation, therefore, was Just
thi?: We were vulnerable to all the projectiles
of the enemy, and this the enemy well knew,
while he isot out of reach of our cannon and
remained tut of range all the while.
In order to give an idea of our miserable
situation I may mention that we had only four
teen torpedoon for the defense of 2000 metres of
space, and that the cable which we obtained
In Hongkong was only long enough for five tor
pedos, and therefore only five torpedoes could
be "laced.
Milioecker Dead.
VIENNA. Dec. 31.— MHloockor. tho ""-n
poser, who had been suffering from a part
Aiviic; stroke, died to-day.
Humbert Pardons Rioters
Services Attended by the Workmen
and the Sacramento Bar
SACRAMENTO. Dec. 31.— The funeral of
Justice of the Peace W. A. Henry took
place this afternoon, and was attended by
a very large number of citizens, repre
senting nearly all the walks of life. The
services were held under the auspices of
the United Order of WorKmen, of which
the Judge had long been a prominent
member. The local bar association was
present In a body.
The services were conducted jointly by
the Workmen and Rev. J. B. Silcox pas
tor of the Congregational Church," who
spoke in high terms of the character of
the popular magistrate, with which he
was thoroughly acquainted. The floral
pieces were of most exquisite design and
The pallbearers were Superior Judge
Matt F. Johnson, County Assessor Thom
as Berkey, Sheriff Frank Johnson, Dis
trict Attorney Charles Baker, Charles T
Jones and L. Neuborg.
Dinner to a Select Party of Friends
at Sherry's.
NEW YORK. Dec. 31.— Mrs. Herman
Oelrichs gave a dinner at Sherry's in the
palm garden to-day. Her guests were
Mr. and Mrs. GeOrge B. de Forest. Mr
and Mrs. Frank Carolan of San Francis
co; Mrs. Burke Roche, Mr and Mrs
Charles Childs, James W. Gerard Jr '
Stuyvesant Le Roy Jr., Frank L. V. Hop
pin, P. Cooper Hewitt and M. J. Kennedy
of San Francisco. At the "Hungarian '
ball in Madison Square Garden Mrs. Oel
richs and her guests occupied boxes.
Shocks Felt at Los Angeles and San
LOS ANGELES, Dec. 31.—Two slight
earthquake shocks were felt here at 4
o'clock this morning. No damage was
done so far as known. The shock was
felt at San Bernardino and other points
south and east.
SAN DIEGO, Dec. 31.—There was a
sharp shock of earthquake about 3 o'clock
this morning and another at 1 this after
noon. _
Pelotas Is Safe.
LONDON. Dec. 31.—The Hamburg and
South American Line steamer Le Pelotas.
from Santos for Rotterdam, went ashore
near Dungeness Friday night during a
heavy storm, and was drawn off about 10
o'clock this morning by five tugs. Appar
ently the vessel has not received serious
Injuries. She proceeded for Rotterdam
In tow of two tugs.
Will Become a Citizen.
KANSAS CITY. Dec. 31.-Philip E. Bur
rough, who has been British Vice Con
sul in Kansas City for nearly six years,
has resigned, owing to the press of pri
vate business and he Intends to go before
the court Tuesday and become a natural
ized citizen of the United States.
Arguments in the Quay Case Will Oc
cupy Much of the Time in
the Senate.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 31.— With the re
sumption of Its sittings Wednesday the
Senate will practically begin the roal
work of the session. Senator Aldrlch has
given notice that he will call the financial
measure up on Thursday, and It Is gener
ally believed he will then or on the fol
lowing day make a statement In support
of It.
It is the purpose of the supporters of
the bill to make very few speeches, leav
ing the opposition to do the greater share
of the talking, while Its opponents, on the
other hand, will use every endeavor to
draw the friends of the bill into running
At present there is but one matter which
threatens to Interfere with the continuity
of the proceedings on the financial bill.
That Is the right of Senator Quay to a
seat in the Senate. Senator Chandler,
chairman of the Committee on Privileges
and Elections, has stated that a report
will be made In the Quay case soon after
the beginning of business. It now seems
probable that there will be more debate
over the Quay contest than over the fin
ancial measure. Up to date not more
than a half-dozen Senators have an
nounced a purpose to make set financial
speeches, while the probabilities are that
the Quay case will call out much animated
It will be difficult to hold the discussion
of foreign questions, especially the Phil
ippine subject, in check during the finan
cial discussion. Many Southern Senators
are anxious to bring the Philippine ques
tion to the front, and it may be safely
predicted that there will be more or less
reference to it from the beginning, as
there will be an early effort to get up
the Samoan treaty, and it may furnish a
basis for discussion on the foreign policy
if one is not found before the treaty is
The week in the House does not give
promise of much business. -:.-.*
X.OS ANGELES, Dec. 31.— Aaron Wolf
sohn, who came here from Chicago yes
terday with the attorney of the New York
Life Insurance Company to prove that
he was not the man who committed sui
cide here several months ago, left for
Chicago to-night. He did not face the
woman, Mrs. O'Neil, who claims to be
able to identify the real Wolfsohn. The
attorney will leave In the morning for
San Diego, he says. , .
The mystery concerning this case is
deepened by the actions of Wolfsohn at
this time.
Attorney O'Brien of the Insurance com
pany and Wolfsohn refused to talk to-day
about the case, and maintained an air of
mystery. They kept to their rooms at the
hotel all day, and refused admittance to
parties who desired to bring Mrs. O'Neil
and Wolfsohn together.
The city detectives are now Investigat
ing the case of the suicide who was burled
as Aaron Wolfsohn.
Tract Claimed by David Jacks Was
Government Land.
MONTEREY. Dec. 31.— The Secretary. of
the Interior has rendered a decision re
garding a large tract of land near Car
mel, ten miles from Monterey, settling the
long disputed question of its ownership
unless, the United States Supreme Court
reverses the decision. -
The land was claimed by David Jacks, a
large land owner, under the Conness act.
It was settled upon by several other per
sons, who claimed It was Government
land. The Secretary of the Interior has
decided In their favor. The successful
claimants are K. M. Henneken, D. Behird,
Joe Alves, J. C. Plnhelro and Manuel Mat
toa. .
proclaimed amnesty for all persons con
victed of or charped with crimes against
th<? public security and the freedom of
labor, ; as well as. political preps offenses.
This Implies a. pardon -for those punished
for participation in the riots that startled
Italy during the -early,, part .'"of tho year.
"Buddhist: Pope'-: lntends: to Make a
; TACOMA. Dec. ;31.-Oriental advices
state that Count Otani, known as the
Buddhist Pope of Japan from his position
as Chief Prelate of Hongwan Temple,
will soon visit Europe and America. Dis
ciples of the great sect he represents
have contributed nearly 2(*0,000 yen for ex
penses of himself and suite. Some of his
followers objected to this large sum, but
they have been quieted. Otani will visit
the Paris Exposition.
Stricken With Pneumonia as He Was
Recovering From an Operation.
VENTURA. Dec. 31.— Henry H. Arnold,
PotFmatser of Hueneme, died last night
of pneumonia after ten days' illness. In
his death by disease the irony of fate is
sadly emphasized. Two years ago de
ceased suffered a broken leg, the result
of a runaway accident. Later amputa
tion was found nf-cessary. After the op
eration the limb failed to heal. A second
operation was performed, with a similar
result. As a last resort a few months ago
the entire leg was removed, the patient
recovering epeedily and regaining his old
time strength and vigor, only to be cut
down by disease just when a new lease
of life seemed vouchsafed. He was 63
years of age and a resident of Ventura
County for many years.
Rumor of Their Sale by
Denmark Revived.
Fr*<"iaJ Di?ratch to The Call.
LONDON. Jan. I.— The Copenhagen cor
respondent of the Dally Mail says: The
*al« of the Danish West Indies to the
I'nited States bids fair to be accomplish
ed. The Danish captain, Christmas, who
has influential connections in the United
Ft.itr«. and who has 6ecured the support of
President McKiri'.ey, Admiral Dewey and j
a number of Influential American Sena
tor*, is acting as intermediary between
th* two Governments, direct official com- ,
mur.tcation being impossible for Denmark
after repeated failures In previous at- i
For eeveral <3ay» an attache of one of i
the principal United States embassies '
has been hrre, having long interviews !
•with the Danish Minister of Finance, Dr. I
Hoerririg. and this week Captain Christ- j
tncs will go to Washington to assist in i
the publication of the American official j
order. No opposition is expected from
Klre Ohri«tian. The price has been fixed
at M.000,000. !
Treaty Proposition Re
garded as a Blind.'
Special Dispatch to The Call.
BAN DIEGO. Dec. 31.— Chairman Sam
uel P. Smith of the Republican County
Committee says there will be no call for
the committee to get together until the
friends of .Mr. Grant, as candidate for
Senator, request It.
"The fact 1?," he said, "that since Mr.
Grant became a candidate for Senator
this committee has taken no action In po
litical matters, save in the furtherance
of his candidacy. Mr. Grant has not
withdrawn from the race and that will
still be the governing principle of the ac
tion of the committee. There has been
no intimation from the growers of citrus
fruits or othrrs that they would have a
special session called. To my mind, that
in ample proof of the assertion that
Burns is behind this agitation of the cit
rus fruit men. His workers knew that
it would be useless to ask us to help the
Burns light and therefore they have now
thought to deceive us by asking us to
take action on the Jamaica treaty propo
When Senator N'utt was approached on
the extra session subject he declared that
his position could hardly be more plainly
stated by himsHf than if it had been by
Assemblyman Works, who was denning
his own feelings In the matter.
"If Governor (Jage calls a special ses
sion," he said, "I shall attend, but I will
not be one to tie myself to an agreement
to adjourn at the Governor's behest.
Neither will I be one to go Into a caucus
unless it is understood that the result of
its deliberations shall not bind me and if,
as some seem to believe, there are many
on what Is Known as the Miller petition
who have fftjnpd with the intention of
not having their names counted until the
other eighth-lour Republicans are on the
list. It will be a long time before they are
counted. My vote will still be cast for
Mr. Grant until ho has withdrawn from
the race. That, I understand, will not
be until Mr. Burns is also out of the
Assemblyman Crowder is at present In
Spokane, Wash., and his view* could not
be had, but it is understood that they are
of the same color as those or the other
legislators from here.
French Economists Grow
Special Dispatch to The Call.
PARIS, Dec. 31.— A stiff campaign
apainst the Franco-American commercial
treaty is about to be opened by the Par
liamentary opposition to the Government
and by the agriculturists. Despite the
favorable report of the citizens' commit
tee a hostile current has become manifest
among the Deputies who represent the
agricultural constituencies, as well as
those who sit for certain industrial cen
ters, against several clauses of the
treaty. A majority of the agricultural or
ganizations have protested against grant
ing the United States the minimum tariff
m»U? manufacturers of farming Imple
ment , s> and machine wools are
deeply disturbed over the advantages ac
corded to their American competitors by
1n c tr ?^ t: £ Tnis anxiety is shared by the
oilseed industry.
The outcome of this feeling Is a motion
to be submitted to the Chamber of Depu
ties by members specially interested for
the postponement of ratification until *he
alleged objectionable clauses have been
eliminated or modified. M. Emile Cheval
lier, Deputy for Beauvais. one of the sup
porters of the motion, said in the course of
an interview to-day that by consenting to
a reduction of the duties on vegetable
oils the advocates of the treaty were se
riously' Injuring the whole body of agri
culturists, particularly those in Picardy
and Normandy, where colza is an import
ant product. The Deputy declared that a
reduction of protective duties by 75 pr
cent meant a hard blow to thousands of
1« rench farmers. M. Destournelles, one of
whose hobbies it Is to point out the Amer
can "peril," said:
"More than ever do I see the danger to
Europe in the extensive industrial devel
opment of the United States. More than
ever do I fear the American peril and
the yellow peril. However, I do not con
sider the erection of a protection barrier
to be the best dyke against Inundation
by American products. We would make a
more effective resistance by improving
our national producing and organizing It
on better lines."
i (utieuraSoap |^^^T-^
Red, Rough Hands, Itching, Burning \ 'Hf(s)J
Palms, and Painful Finger Ends. U==^|
Soak the hands on retiring in a strong:, hot, creamy lather of
CUTICURA SOAP. Dry, and anoint freely with CUTICURA,
the great skin core and purest of emollients. Wear, during: the
nig-ht, old, loose kid gloves, with the finger ends cut off and air
holes cut in the palms. For red, rough, chapped hands, dry, fis-
sured, itching, feverish palms, with shapeless nails and painful
finger ends, this treatment is simply wonderful.
Complcto External and Internal Treatment for Every Humor.
Consisting of CrTictuu Soap (25c.), to cle&Dce the skin of crusts and
/^t.JLZ Artiwft »calM and •often the thickrned cuticle; Clticcra Ointment (50c),
f- fTi ¥ Bf* U R BTSI "•> instantly allay itching, Inflammation, and Irritation, ami pootho nnd
U til It IVUII tfl heal; and Cuticcba Resolvent (60c), io cool and cleanse the blood.
*»•»••« «««r- A tiisoLE Set is often sufficient to cure the most torturing, disflirurlng,
TUP \rT S>\ /h and humiliating skin, scalp, and blood bnmors, with loss of hair, wjirn
I nl> OL 111 1 «Pls£w «a else fails. Poms Dbco akd Cue*. Cost., Sole Props., Boston.
HOME. Drc. 2L— King: Humbert to-dai

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