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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, January 02, 1900, Image 1

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announcement to-morrow at the quarterly
convocation of the university in Stude
baker Hall. The president hoped to an
nounce that the university would be $4.-
OOOffIOQ richer, but he has not been able to
raise the $:U5.000 which, duplicated by John
D. Rockefeller, would make up that
amount. However. Mr. Rockefeller has
wired that he will extend the limit three
months, and in that time Dr. Harper
thinks he is reasonably sure of getting the
rest of the money, as he has several large,
donations in prospect.
Four years ago Mr. Rockefeller gave th«
university a $1,000,000 present and promised
to duplicate every amount donated before
January 1. 1900. up to J2.000.000. One year
ago Mr. Harper had secured $1,135,000 from
various sources to apply on the $2.00Oj)O0.
Since then this amount has been raised
It Is understood that much of thA money
has come from business men of this city.
Delayed by Landslide.
SANTA ROSA. Jan. I.— A landslide on
the California Northwestern Railroad
north of Cloverdale delayed passenger
traffic about one hour to-day while a tem
porary track was constructed around tha
Special Cable to the Jlev/ York Herald. Copyright, 1900, by j James
;! Gordon ; Bsnnett. Republication of this dispatch is prohibited. All
. rights reserved in the TJnited States and . Great Britain. j -•* .' ;
— .' ¦ ¦ ¦¦.¦¦' . ...- .¦¦ ' • .... ¦¦ ¦ • ' .'¦ ¦¦• ..- ¦ ¦ .¦ ¦ J
V^^;^^\•liONpDN^,.¦Jal^/\¦'i..^•This¦^iJpatG]^ from its special cor
respondent is published by the Daily -Mail; .
REXSBURG. Cape Colony, Jan. i. — -By a brilliant strate
gical movement General French has driven the Boers put of
Colesberg. to which they had fallen back on Saturday from this
place. We had occupied Rcnsburg siding in strength "Saturday
and had come into touch with the enemy, who fired on our
skirmishers from what appeared to be an intrenched position.
We had, however, only one man slightly wounded, but the
proximity of the Boers made every one eager: to advance.
Yesterday afternoon a force of cavalry and infantry with
ten guns, the whole under the command of General French him
self, left here, and after. a detour occupied some hills three miles
from Colesberg, where the Boers lay in strength, confident be
cause of the natural aid afforded them by the hills around. The
enemy's position extended for six miles round the entire vil
lage. At daybreak to-day our artillery opened the battle. The
Boers, though taken a little by surprise, replied with their
guns. The duel went on for two hours without cessation. Our
gunners showed marvelous accuracy and it soon told. The first
enemy's Hotchkiss collapsed and then the Boers' big gun was
silenced early in the action, but the other pieces of artillery held
out until they gradually fell back. The Hotchkiss was aban
doned and we captured it, but the other guns were removed to
the north, as our cavalry closed in. As the guns were withdrawn
they shelled our cavalry, but caused no damage. Our advanc
ing guns speedily silenced them.
The Boers appear to be retreating north, but we are har
assing them and our shells are doing much damage. I can
plainly see horses galloping madly away in all directions after
our shells burst. ' '¦ .• • . .-' • ¦ '
Colesberg is now in our hands. "The few loyalists who re
main there are jubilant. ., We. have captured many of the en
emy's wagons and a considerable' quantity of stores. Our losses
are quite slight, but the Boers ; must have suffered heavily.
The enemy may. stop at Achtertang or cross the river alto
gether at ¦Noryais Port, where the bridge is yet intact.
LONDON. Jan. 2.— General French's
success In Cape. Colony ngaln em
phasizes what has been pointed
out. In these dispatches time and
time again— the absolute necessity
of a strong force nf irregular cavalry and
mounted infantry if the British^are to be
able successfully to cope with the. Boors.
French is one general who has been for
tunate enough to command a force as mo
bile or more mobile than the Boers. Hav
ing this advantage and being a born cav
alry leader, he is the one British general
who has not received a check. He has
beaten the Boers at their own game by
outflanking them continually.
His success, though It may not be a very
important feat of arms, is immensely sig
nificant, as showing what is possible when
the British can move as quickly as the
Boers. This is the first occasion in the
present, war in which the Boers have been
dislodged by a turning movement.
General French is operating In a country
which is fairly favorable to the action of
cavalry, and his force is • mainly com
posed of mounted men. if the other Brit
ish columns had been as well provided
with mounted men we should unquestion
ably have heard less of frontal attacks.
General French has been constantly har
assing the Boers, finding out their strong
positions and then working round on then
flank and ever and anon threatening their
communications. He has advanced, re
tired, maneuvered and fought until by
"successive steps he has driven the Boers
eastward or northward, and Colesberg is
once more in British hands.
General French's successful action is not
the only piece of news from this region.
Further toward the east, near Dordrecht,
which was recently occupied by the Brit
ish, there has been some fighting, with
abundant promise of more. Captain do
Montmorehcy with a reronnoitering party
fell in on Saturday with a largo body of
Boers eight miles north of Dordrecht. For
six hours he managed to keep the Boera
in check, until the arrival of reinforce
ments for the enemy with two guns mado
him retire. The Boers advanced upon
Dordrecht, and when last heard of were
threatening the town. No news has yet
come In whether they made* an attack. on
the -town.
That Qeneral Buller will -once mpr© at-
tempt at an early date to force a passage
of the Tugela River seems to be the. fixed
opinion In Frere camp. He has been con
siderably 1 strengthened by the troops of
the. Fifth Division, under Warren, ard
fresh artillery, including several five-inch
and six-inch howitzers from the siege
train. He must now muster not far short
of 30.0T0 men and sixty guns; without
counting; the naval complement. He is
not strong in cavalry, though with the. ir
regulars he should have about 4000 men.
The problem before him is ono of the. most
difficult that war can offer. He has to
cross a river of considerable volume, all
the fords of which are commanded by
earthworks mounting powerful guns and
lined with expert marksmen. The Boers
are superior to him In mobility, and can
follow his movements with such rapidity
that they will probably be able to frus
trate all attempts to turn their positions.
They are not greatly Inferior in number,
having 20.000 or 25,000 men on the Tugela
River. ¦"?- i
A Free State commando is on the Tu
gela west of Colenso. and guns have been
mounted at Potgleters Drift, evidently to
defeat a turning movement from the
west. Intrenching by both armies at
Modder River still proceeds, but .ouside
of desultory artillery duels and skirmishes
between outposts there is nothing to dis
turb the condition of masterly inactivity.
:—: —
LONDON. Jan. 2.— The Standard's cor
respondent at Frere Camp, telegraphing
on January 1, says:
"Sir Charles Warren's division Is now
nearly complete. Its headquarters will be
at Estcourt. It Is rumored here that the
guns which- were captured from General
Buller at Colensb have been mounted in
the hills commanding, the drift over the
Tugela River at ; Springfield?.' The-Uoers.
It appears.- captured' 62o rounds of shrap
nel when they . took the guns.
"General Buller's difficulties have '_ been
Immeasurably-Increased, by the. enforced
delay since the last engagement. He now.
has before - him ¦ a . series 'of ¦: walled ! and
fortified hills, running'— sixteen, 'miles
Port Elizabeth, Where British Reinforcements Are Now Landing.
Port Elizabeth lies on Algoa Bay, 428 miles east of Cape Town and 354 miles south of Durban. It is the ocean ter
minus of the Midland Railroad system, which runs to Bloemfontein and Pretoria, and is the nearest port to General
French's base of operations at Naauwpoort. General Cleary's division was destined for this port on sailing from Eng
land, but was later ordered on up to Natal. A larger part of the Fifth and Sixth divisions will probably disembark at
this port.
CAPE TOWN. Jan. I.— Ugly rumors are
in circulation of a Dutch rising with the
object of seizing Capo Town and the docks
and capturing the Governor of Cape Col
ony—Sir Alfred Mllner. The center of the
movement is said to be Pearl, a village
about thirty miles from Cape Town,
where a meeting of the Afrikanderbund
was held yesterday. A similar meeting
was held at. Richmond on December 2S.
and it la reported that 'the members of the
bund in these two towns are acting In
The members of the bund in Willlngton
and the Dutch In Clan William District
are said to be armed with Mausers and to
be anxious to use them in behalf of the
'. Although the stories of a rising are dis
credited, the police and military are tak
ing ample prccautlpns. WWSSM
LONDON. Jan. I.— Alleged Boer spies,
it has been discovered, have unlisted In
the Yeomanry- A report of -£oTd Ches
ham, who is In command of ¦ the Yeo
manry forces, says that the officials of
this arm of the service are being pestered
by agents of Dr. " Leyds, the European
plenipotentiary of the South African
Government. He adds that two of them
were actually accepted, but that they
were afterward discovered. He declares
that the same thing occurred In Thorny
croft's Horse, seven spies being dis
covered in that bedy. He says, continu
"We have given word to all our com
manding offlosrs to keep a sharp lookout
for- traitors."
No steps hay© been taken thus far to
punish the alleged spies.
LONDON, Jan. 2.— The Lisbon corre
spondent of the Standard says: "It is cur
rently reported that the speech of King
Carlos In the Cortes to-morrow will refer
at some length to the situation In South
Africa, but It Is doubtful whether any
thing will be said any more friendly to
England than to the Transvaal. The pub
lic is with the Boers and the papers gen
erally fear British designs upon Delagoa
Bay. The Portuguese Government asserts
that" it has done everything to preserve
-yASCOTJYER, B. C, Jan. ' L—Consid
Minor Battle in Which Boers Retreat Before the
Attacking British- Forces— Butter's Diffi
culties Vastly Increased.
John D. Rockefeller Duplicating All
Gifts Made by Other Mem
of Money.
CHICAGO. Jan. I.*— The University of
Chicago has received a New Year's gift of
53,370,000. President Harper •will make Lba
Blackburn Certain to Receive the
Nomination by Ac
FRANKFORT. Ky.. Jan. L— A war
rant has been issued for the arrest of
John H. Whalen. charging him with hav
ing attempted to bribe Senator Harrold.
Senator Goebel, chairman of the Demo
cratic joint caucus. Issued a call for a
caucus to-morrow night. He states that
the caucus is for the sole purpose of nom
inating a candidate for United States Sen
ator. Of course Blackburn will be the
only name presented and he will be nom
inated by acclamation.
The calling of a caucus for Senator at
this early date was a mov© on the part
of Goebel leaders to put an end to the
stories, that, in the event that Goebel
should fall In his contest, he might at
tempt to wrest th© Senatt>rshJn from
erable disappointment has been caused
throughout this province by the failure of
the Dominion Government to include In
the second Canadian regiment for South
Africa n company from British Columbia.
Prominent citizens of Vancouver have de
cided to raise a corps of 100 mounted in
fantry, providing horses and defraying all
At a -meeting called by Mayor Garden
It was decided to try to induce the Gov
ernment to accept this corps. Three hun
dred applications have been received from
young men of this city and district. All
are skilled horsemen and good ritle shots,
and many offer to provide their own
mounts and equipments. ! -'..;
Major General French, Who Recaptured Colesberg.
The United States will acquire the three
islands for $3,000,000 under his proposition,
where thirty years ago Mr. Seward offered
$7,500,000 for two islands. St. Thomas ami
St. John. Denmark at that time an
nounced that it could not dispose of the
island of Santa Cmz without the consent
of France, but it is understood that the
authorities are convinced that this feature
of the matter can be satisfactorily ar
ranged. It is expected that within a short
time a bill will be Introduced in Congress
authorizing the administration to negoti-
lantic oceans? 'England has her Halifax,
her Bermuda and her Jamaica, where
there i* not only an abundance of coal,
but there are docks and all naval stores
needed by the fleet, with cable communi
cation between stations. It Is fortunate
for us that these stations are English,
but It Is our duty to see that no mora
naval bases are established within strik
ing distance of our coast. In this con
nection the attention of the people of this
country Is called to the fart that the Dan
ish West Indian Islands are for sale."
Noted Musical IMrectors Participate
With Their Societies in the
. . Contests.
CI>:OT>rNATI. Jan. I.— The National
Eisteddfod attracted large crowds to this
\ city to-day. The musical and literary fea
| tures in competition for the annual prizes
i constituted the morning, afternoon and
' evening programmes, and kept Music Hall
, packed with enthusiastic audiences. Some
j of the most noted musical directors of tlie
i country participated with their societies
! In the contests.
The preliminary examination of candi
; dates for the contests wro held early in
i the morning, and the opening session be
l gan promptly at 10 a. -n., with a grr.nl
i organ march by George W. Webb, fol
j lowed by the opening choruses. "ArrK-r
j ica" and "Hen \Vlad F"y Nhadau," with
Maldyn Evans as soloist.
Benjamin Jones, president of the Eis
: teoVlfod Association, then introduced
j Judge David pavls aa the president of
; the morning session. After addresses by
[President Jones and Judge Davis, Hon. H.
| M. Edwards of Benin ton J Pa., was Intro
j Oiiced as the conductor and literary ad
] judicator. followed by the presentation of
the musical adjudicators. Professor
Hroome. of Montreal, Professor T. J. Da
vie* of Plttsburg and Professor O. H.
Kvans of Maryp\ille, Ohio. After the
bardic salutations and proclamations by
"The Bards." the contests were begun.
Hon. D. Webster Williams, of Jarkson,
Ohio, presided In the afternoon and
Colonel William B. Mclfsh of Cincinnati
at night. Both delivered addresses, fol
lowed by bardic salutations and proclan-.a
tlons by "The Bards." George W. Webb
: presided at the great organ in the after
\ noon and Miss Annie Peat of Racine,
Wls.. in the evening. The contests were
i interspersed with solos by Malfjwyn Ev
! ans. Oscar J. Ehrgott. Miss "Annie K.
j ''.rifTiths. Miss Bessie Tudor and Harry
; I^. Jones., and by selections from the Cam-
I'rian Club of Cincinnati, directed by Da
i vid DavlM.
It wns decided to hold the National EiF
! trddfod next January at Columbus, Ohio.
Th<» crowning event to-night was the
i contest for $<500 and a gold medal for the
; ' best mixed chorus of not less than sev
, enty-nve voices. The Ada (Ohio) Norn.al
University and Lima Choral Union won,
under the directorship of Hugh W.
Owens. •
Insurgents Retreat to Santa
Rosa, Closely Pursued,
Twenty-Four of Aguinaldos Warriors Are
Among the Dead and One Hundred
and Fifty Prisoners Taken.
Special Dispatch to The Call.
MANILA. Jnn. 1. — A^uinaklo's •wife, sisters and eighteen Fili
pinos ha v? surrendered to Major £1 arch's battalion of the Third In
far.try at Bontoc. in the province of that name. Three Filipino
officer? also surrendered to Major March, and the Filipinos gave up
two Spanish and two American prisoners.
:•¦-. •-.'¦': •¦ ¦'¦• .. -; ,'--¦'-,*. • . . ... ,•'
MAN IT/A. Jan. I.— The first move
ment'of-'the c-rieral southern ad
vance occurred this morning.
x>.hen two battalions of the
. Thirty-ninth Infantry landed and
occupied CabuyaoL on/the south side of
.JLfiKuna 'de Bai. Two Americ;uis were
killed arid four were wounded. Twenty
;four of the enemy's dead- were found in
one house. One hundred and fifty pris
oners and four C-pounder guns were cap
tured.' '"'A"':'-:.-. >r'--\v:' : '.- ,'"-:. ':''..', .'¦ ¦
The gunboat Lagiinade Bai bombarded
the ' town'; before the disembarkation of
the troop's : .frcm.. ; the -.cascos. which was
Tr.a&e ur.der the er.emy's shrapnel fire.
The enemy evacuated the place before
the. charging Americans, retreating to
Sar.ta Rosa, to which town they were
pursued. ..•''•¦:/."¦ : . ; .- ¦:'¦'-. •.'¦¦¦¦•••
Heavy fighting occurred along the. road
to Santa Rosa, which was occupied by
th* '-*r:purgents retreating toward Silang.
T*" ''¦^nicricajis burned the country . be
tf * } and around Cabuyao.' ¦:¦¦..¦¦¦.;¦¦¦¦,
'i J gunboat- returned t>>.-Calamba for
T^.i.i orce-irients and .thence.' came to Ma
riia- to fetch ajnmunition. She recently
captured two ' of the enemy's ste;am
launches, one under the flre of artillery
at Calamba, and also four cascos loaded
v.-lth nee.
Other regiments are mobilizing to-day
at San Pedro Macatl and Paslg. pre
raratorj' to continuing the southern ad-
r -r i t^rda>"*# capture of bombs Involved
th« seizure of documents Inculpating a
thousand Filipinos who intended to rise
esrain«=t the AmerlcarF. Papers were also
found phowir.g a distribution of the city
into districts and a careful assignment
rf Irair m ar'? follc«"»-rs. Tha precautions
tHJtT. by tii» Americans on Saturday. It
is now evident, aior.e prevented an up
r:*'.r.g. The pim-ost marshal has re
qv.^ste<J thet two more regiments be de
tailed for the protection of Manila. Three
thousand troops are now actually In the
MANILA. Jan. 1. — Lieutenant Duffy and
ten men of the signal corps, who were
building a telegraph line south from
Viran to meet the party In charge of
Lieutenant Lenoir. who were building
northward, failed to connect with the Le
nolr party. Their non-appearance caused
a search to be made, and it was found
that the telegraph poles put up by Duffy
had been destroyed and the wires cut. It
:.- supposed the signal corps men were
either captured or killed by the rebels.
WASHINGTON. Jan. L-The quarter-
CEaster P'-r.eral has been advised by cable
from Manila that the animal ship
Garor.jie his arrived there. The Lenox
mailed from Manila on the 2Cth for San
Francisco an 4 will stop en route, at
'^rrl on the north end of Luzon. The
jam sailed from Manila Saturday for
San Francis-o. The Port Stevens, ani
ir.ai ship, is- :n «=ajl to-morrow- from Ma
r.!la for Zairi!j'.;-.rpaL ¦ •¦.
WASHINGTON. Jait^U-Secretary Root
has tsJwer. measures to^ireak .'th-*. corner in
h'-mr.. A b a rofult of the .consideration
of the matter with.' the I'rc^idenV. he has
cabled this instruction, to Major. General
Otis: . ;i .-„•,': ¦•.¦-"•'"/¦•".-.-•• '"¦¦.':.'
" Appa re nll y specu lat i ve'-cr.'rri in. h emp
here. Is raising price tor" great;'' Injury
legitimate consumers. ¦* Desi futile- ¦'ti>- : g : ?t
south hemp ports open as sbbij: pi* 'pravptl
*«*" ¦•¦ .¦¦ j,x£*&M'*
This instruction is due to prGtesy<B"-niade
by prominent cordage manufacturers and
by farmers, calling attention to' the. -fact
That the opening of ports In .Northern
Luzon to-day would afford no relief to the
r.em;. situation and fearnestly requesting
that the southern ports be garrisoned and
«P>-nr<i to trade. During the discussion of
the matter I understand there was
brought to the President's attention • a
copy of an instruction given by General
Otis to General Bates, commanding the
military district. Including the Island of
Mindanao and the Sulii group, directing
him to open all ports except those at
which hemp was stored. The explanation
of General Otis" action In this particular
is not fully known here, though it is
gathered from fcis dispatches that in
maintaining the r-mbargo of the hemp
port? he believes Ik- h«s prevented and Is
preventing th* insurgents from obtaining
money with which to continue the insur
The protests presented to the President
and members 'if his Cabinet assert, on the
other hand, that the "hemp stored (at the
variouh port?) dots not belong to the in
surgents. It belongs to Knglish and
American firms. Money received for pur
chase will go to them and not to the In
The Important hemp ports of the Philip
pine* are Calbayog. La Granja, Paranas.
Surigao, Barugo, Taelobam. Baybay, I>>
gappi. Tabaco. Sorsogan, Gubat' and
Malitbog. Cordage manufacturers are
nnxlous that some of these ports shall be
opened. In a letter written by Mr. Meikle-
John. R-?i«=tant Secretary of "War, Mr.
Root stated that if the hemp now
at the several port* -of the Philip
pi ues were exported It would be
Immediately filsnatcned to this coua-
J try by steamers at low rates of
j freight anil be manufactured into binder
' twine in iufflctent time for f&nnrrf;' use.
| It is known, however, that the manuf.ic
. turo of the binder twine commenced In
; November, and the product of the fac
; tories which commenced work in th,u
; month is used by farmers in Texas 'and
! early harvest States, and if any hemp
•;. from the Philippines reaches this coun-
I try by the last of February It will not be
j available for use. Appreciating the situ
j ation. those of persons holding a corner
j are anxious that the ports shall remain
closed, and they will then be able to force
! cordage manufacturers and farmers to
i pay them the price they demand. .. ..
WASHINGTON, Jan; I— Upon reeom
i mendation of Quartermaster 'General Lud
'¦¦ ington. Secretary Root has directed the
establishment of a government lin*v. of
¦ steamers connecting San FranclFeo. Hono
lulu and Manila, similar to that running
between New York and Cuban and Porto
Rlcan ports*. Vessels which will be at
tached to Pacific lines are those trans'
i ports, the property nf the Government
i now in the Pacific ocean. All steamers
! charters! by the quartermaster's depart
ment will be released immediately upon
their arrival at San Francisco, and Blip
! piles, recruits and officer* intended for
; the army in the Philippines will go to
: Manila by the proposed line. Discharger!
j enlisted men and officers ordered home
j will return in these vessel*. It Is stated
by officers ofthe'eaartmnister's depart
ment that the establishment of this line
will be in the direction of an economical
j administration. If th« Government were
j compelled to rely upon private vessels It
would have to pay high freight and pas
page money and vessels would not be- al
ways at its disposal. Very frequently the
naval service deems it in the Interest of
economy to send enlisted men to the
Asiatic station in an auxiliary cruiser, and
In th*e past it has often been found eco
nomical to detach a ship from the far
j eastern squadron and order it home rather
I than to direct men whose terms of enlist
| ment have expired to come to the United
States by passenger steamer.
Good Prospect of Acquiring the
Islands at a Bargain.
Three Million Dollars the Present Price,
Although a Much Better Offer Was
Refused Thirty Years Ago.
Special Dispatch to The Call.
TON. Jan. I.— Wnile official negoti
ations have not yet been initiated
looking to the acquisition of the
Danish West Indies l>y the United States.
, it I* nevertheless a fact that an unofficial
i exchange of views has occurred., suflirl
[ ently satisfactory to make it evident that
! Congress consenting the islands will soon
[ belong to this Government.
Because of the rejection by the Senate
: of the treaty negotiated by Mr. . Seward
; when Secretary of State, the Danish Gov
; ecnment has declined to enter into official
j negotiations unless assured in advance
I jhat ihey will result successfully. I am
I told that Captain W. Yon Christmas Dir
j <linck-Holmfeld of the Danish navy was
| In Washington some weeks ago and talked
! with the authorities relative to the trans
! fer of the islands to this Government.
j Captain Yon Christmas dfd not represent
the Danish Government officially, having
no connection with the Danish legation
here, and while he had no credentials
from the Copenhagen Government, he sat
j lsfied officials that he would be able to ar
j range the sale.
"The writer desires to present here the
question of 'the future status and use of
our fleet in the Atlantic. Our ships can
barely cross the ocean without coaling,
not to speak of their return. Some of
them cannut do even this. Under these
circumstances what influence can our
fleet ever have anywhere along the east
\ crn shores of the North and South At-
I ate for the purchase of the fslarxls. and
when this measure becomes law the Presi
dent will act.
A high administration official said tt> The
Call correspondent: "We must either buy
the island* or brush a&irfe the- Monro«
doctrine and let Denmark dispose of them
to some other nation. To refuse to do.
cither will be pursuing a dog in the
mar.ger policy. Denmark has to pay every
year a deficit in the budget of the islands,
and she is too poor to stand it lrniger. Un
derstanding the situation and appreciat
ing Denmark's desire to sell, the President
has taken the matter under very serious
The. proposition to buy the Danish West
Indies will meet with the approval of
naval experts. Secretary Long said to
night that he knew of no recent action on
the part of this Government to acquire
the islands. "I have not asked Captain
Mahan to make any report on the strate
gic value of the islands." he said, "and I
know of none that he has made. I recall
that during the war with Spain there was
some agitation regarding the purchase of
the islands, but there is nothing recent
that I know of."
It is a matter of official record that dur
ing the war with Spain Rear Admiral
Bradford, chief of the Bureau of Equip
ment, made a strong recommendation that
the Islands be purchased by the United
States, pointing out the valuable base for
operations against Porto Rico that St.
Thomas- would make. In an article writ
ten by Admiral Bradford and published in
the Korum he makes these statements re
garding the advisability of establishing
coaling stations in the Atlantic Ocean,
referring particularly to the Danish West
The San Francisco Call.
along the line of the Tugela River. These
are swarming with the enemy, posted on
positions of great strength and bristling
with guns, while the river In front is In
full flood. The coming- .battle will cer
tainly be the stiffest and probably the
most momentous of the entire cam
This town, which Is a place of
some 2000 Inhabitants, was cap
tured early in November by the
Boers, with its garrison of mount
ed Cape police. It .lies near the
Midland Railroad line, twenty
miles south of the Orange River,
thirty-eight' north of Naauwpoort
Junction and 308 miles from Port
Elizabeth. It Is the center of a
large population of Boer sym

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