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H. B. Mi Torpedo Boat Destroyer Virago Off Flattery Light.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 19.— A speech sensational in Its Interest and international in its importance ¦was delivered In the Senate tc day by Hale of Maine. The occasion of the utterance was the simple question whether a resolution Introduced by Allen (Pop.) of Nebraska calling for Information as to the recogni tion by this country of diplomatic repre sentation of the Transvaal republic should be directed to the President or to the Secretary of State. Hale made the question the text of an impassioned speech, in which he declared that nine tenths of the American people sympa thized with the Boera in their gallant struggle for liberty against one of the greatest powers In the world. He de clared that the war which Great Britain was waging was the most fatal blow at human liberty that had been struck in the century. He denied that the Ameri can people were "in sympathy with Great Britain in the South African war to stamp out the liberty of the people," and when Balfour In the House of Commons made such a statement "he should be met with some disclaimer from this side of the Atlantic." He declared that the Eng gllsh people themselves were not in favor of this war, which "had been brought on by a sharp Cabinet Minister engaged with gold speculators." Hale spoke with unusual force, decisive ness and earnestness, even for him, and his passionate* eloquence claimed the closest attention of every auditor. Th* resolution, which previous to Hales speech had caused a sharp colloquy be tween Allen and Spooner (R.) of Wiscon sin, was passed finally as amended. When the question was taken up a debate ensued between Allen. Spooner. Teller and Hale. The resolution was finally amended so as to call on the Pres ident, "If not incompatible with public Interests," to supply the Information. Spooner declared It was a piece of gross Impudence to call upon the Secretary of State for. confidential information, for which the President alone was responsi ble. In a brief speech In opposition to the amendment Teller said he would not say a word that would be offensive co the Government of Great Britain, yet h« felt hie sympathy go out to the Transvaal re public in! its great contest at arms witn England. Hale of Maine said he could "not believe any accredited representative rof the , Transvaal republic had been re jected-by the President. Said he: • •'I should. deem. that a most unfortunate event If It occurred.' I have heard that irresponsi ble,' unaccredited persons perhaps. United States citizens, have appeared in Washington claiming to represent the gallant people who are struggling for liberty, but no such mis sion could : be recognized. I have* yet to be made to believe . that any duly accredited rep resentative of • that ' brave people of . . South Africa has appeared before the President . o( rf"**« PEABMANS CAMP, 11:10 a. m., Jan. 20.— Through the success attending the sortie by the forces of hT~SI Lord Dundor.ald. the British gained control of an easy entrance to L&dysmith. The enemy's communi cations with the Free State are cut. The bombardment of the Boer lines continued with great vigor this (Saturday) morning. The reply was feeble and desultory. Warren is advancing steadily. There have been no losses. A carriage drawn by sixteen mules was seen to dash into the Boer lines to-day. It is supposed it con tained Joubert or a French general. The weakness of the Boer reply to the British advance causes surprise. Pre cautions are taken against a surprise. LADYSIinH, Jan. 17 (via Spearmans Camp, Jan. 19). — Everything is quiet. The position is un changed and there is very little bombardment. The welcome sound .of the relief column was heard yesterday from Colenso and Springfield. The heat is intense, but there is no increase of sickness. Special Cable to The Call and New York Her- i aid. Copyrighted, WOO. by James Gordon ] Bennett. " LONDON, Jan. 20.— Up to 4 o'clock this morning no further dispatches have been received, but there is every indication that a big figbt for the west road will take place to day, if it did not commerce ye« <lay, when General Warren was reported to be advancing steadily at noon. But it Is hardly possible that all the artillery -if Warrtn and Lyttelton was across the drifts yesterday morning. These indica tions, as well as Warren's long march, point to serious business to-day (Satur day). * According to the latest dispatches the British have continued their forward movement and are petting nearer at every point to the Boer positions, while the Boers on their part are rapidly adding to the strength of their intrtnehments and reinforcing their army from Colenso to LadyKmith. This fact, which appears, in almost every dispatch, suggests that per haps when the Boers have concentrated in front of Buller and Warren the pvm r:pal British attack may take place, as criminally intended, at Colenso. in which r« :;,-hborhood General Clery with at least 11.000 men is supposed to be and from ¦whose camp nothing has been heard for come five days, but that fact has been lost sight of in the intensity of the gaze directed upon the big movement on 'he left. General Warren has continued his flank movement. ' Lord Dundonald and his mounted mm, having done their work at Potgieters Drift by seizing the hill which gave tne crossing safely into Lyttelton's nan£s. have been passed over to Warren, who used them on his extreme left, to the wr;st of Acton Homes, where they have seized some kopjes. This movement has a double value. Lord Dundonald is now actually on the direct line of retreat of the Free Staters, and is edging around gradually to the rear of the Boer posi tion, the right of which is at a great hill called Fpion Kop. The Boers' position is threatened in frcnt by General Lyttelton's brigade and on the right flank by Warren's force, ¦which is said to be steadily advancing. The situation last evening was as fol lows: General Warren, having made an ad vance of five miles and having sent Lord Dundonald to his left bank, is in posses sion of some kopjes which command a ravine behind Spion Kop. The British troops are in a semicircle round the Boer position, the northern end of the forma tion, where Lord Dundonald's command Is. being slightly bent back. Lyttelton's brigade advanced two miles toward the Boers' position at Brakfcntein, which is about four miles north of Potgieters Drift. The Boers would not show them ec-lves, but the howitzers and naval guns LONDON, Jan. 19.— The Standard's correspondent at Ladysmith wires that George W. Stevens, the war corre spondent, is dead. He died of enteric fever at Ladysmith on Monday night. Mr. Stevens was a brilliant writer, and the author of "With Kitchener to Khartoum." Mr. Stevens has been with the British forces in South Africa as correspondent for the London Mail, the New York Herald and the San Francisco Call. on Mount Alice. South Tugera, directed by the information secured by a balloon reconnoissance, were able to do much damage to the Boer trenches. Under cover of this fire Lyttelton's men took up a. strong position behind some ridges fac ing the Boers. With the force in this position it seems Impossible that any great length of time can elapse before a decisive battle is fought. From the disposition of Buller's troops it would seem probable that as soon as Warren's turning movement is completed and Lord Dundonald advances, still in touch with Warren, sealing the district line retreat to the Free State, then General Lyttelton. supported prab ably by General Hildyard's brigade, will make an attack. BRITISH CONTROL THE ROAD TO LADYSMITH LONDON. Jan. 20.— A dispatch to the Daily Telegraph from Spearmans Farm, or Camp, as the correspondents now de erribo it. dealing with Lord Dundonald's movement to the west of General War ren's force, already cabled, says: "His success gives us control of an easy entrance to Ladyrmith. Our guns con tinue to bombard the Boer lines, the Boers replying but feebly. General Warren is advancing steadily." The Standard publishes the following, dated Thursday, from Spearmans Farm: "It is reported that the Boers opposite Colenso. on finding that General Buller had outmaneuvered them, crossed to the south of the Tugela on Monday and set fire to all the houses in the village. As the force from Chieveley advanced the Boers retired before them to trenches on a hill in line with Colenso. Our infantry advanced to the attack in skirmishing or der, followed by supports and reserves, our cavalry scouting on the right close up to the river. The Boer forces at Co- WASHINGTON, Jan. 19.— It is stated in an au thoritative quarter that if Montagu White is equipped with proper credentials from the Transvaal Government he will be received as its repre sentative by the administra tion. General O'Beirne's rejection was ostensibly due to his American citizenship, but there is no doubt that the au thorities would have preferred that the matter of the Trans vaal representation be left un determined. However, when Mr. White calls at the State Department Secretary Hay will see him and his status will then be determined. There is every reason to be lieve that if his mission is to secure an expression of sym pathy from the President in behalf of his Government, or the intervention of that offi cial, it will fail, as it is re iterated that the administra tion will not interfere unless Great Britain should intimate her willingness to have this Government act. ¦ Allen's resolution, adopted by the Senate to-day, was not passed for the purpose of get ting information upon that subject, but to force the Presi dent to receive Montagu White, The understanding is that England objected to any rec ognition of the Transvaal by this Government. WAR INCIDENTS IN SOUTH AFRICA. the United States and been denied a hearing. If that be true the sooner we are Informed about it the better for the American people. I don't fail to take notice that throughout the length and breadth of the land the sym pathies of the great American people are in favor of the struggle which the Boers are making to-day to preserve a republican gov ernment against one of the greatest powers of the world. I don't doubt that the American people agree with me that the war with Great Britain Is waging is the most fatal blow at human liberty that has been struck in the last cen tury. I don't doubt that the administration representing the people of the United States feels to-day as I feel on the subject and as nine-tenths of the American people feel. Hale quoted from a speech of Balfour in which the British statesman had de clared that the Boer war had knit every branch of the English-speaking race. Continuing he said: I deny, sir, that the American section of that race is in sympathy with Great Britain In the South African war to stamp out the liberty of a people. I deny that the American people are to be tied to the chariot wheels of war against the South ¦ African republics. And when the leader of the Conservatives In the House of Commons asserts that he should be met by some dis claimer from this side of the Atlantic. I don't wish international complications. 1 don't wish war. I recall that we have not been so much In love with neutrality In times past that we could not speak us bodily for Bulgaria, Poland, Armenia, Cuba and Greece, and I don't know why It Is now that we most speak with bated breath In favor of liberty. I don't believe that the English people are In favor of this war. I believe that the great Queen, on bended knees, has prayed that tho war might be averted; I don't believe that the . great Premier of England favored the war. It was the act and movement of a sharp Cabinet Minister, engaged with, gold speculators, who favored the war. LOSSES OF THE BOERS REMARKABLY SMALL NEW YORK. Jan. 19.— An Idea of th« high hopes entertained In the Transvanl republic of 'the outcome of the war wtt^i Great Britain is given in a letter written, by E. Houthakker. assistant station mas ter at Johannesburg, to hi 3 sister In Brooklyn. The letter was sent In Novem ber by way of Lourenzo Marquez. Tha letter says in part: On every side the British ar» arming; a good thrashing. The Internal arrangements here are excellent. All the English have left tha country. Order Is beautifully maintained. Tfca Boers still remaining may be seen daily leav ing for their commandos. The enthusiasm has reached such a pitch that the stay-behlnda who don't do anything for their country crow ashamed. Johannesburg now Is fearfully quiet. All the male population has been drafted tato a special constabulary. No one U allowed out after » p. m. With the exception oX tea stfaes Special Dispatch to The Call. VICTORIA. B. C. Jan. 19.— There was considerable excitement at EsquimaJt last night and to-day. To Judge by the bustle and mys terious preparation, the strict puard, the more than ordinary precau tions that were being taken, it seemed as though those in charge had been Informed of some hostile de-sign contemplated egainst the naval station or some of the vessels in it. The excitement began to make itself manifest soon after the receipt of a cipher dispatch by Captain Fagen, who. now that the admiral is cruising in southern waters, •s in charge of the station. This message is said to have come from the Consul at Ean Francisco. What It contained Cap tain Fagen of course is not willing to di vulge, but that he considered the message of the utmost Importance Is shown by Ti-hnt traronircfl nft<>r its reeeint. On deciphering the message he at once summoned by signal the commanders of the other warships now in port and they were closeted with him on the Leander for some time. After the conference or ders were sent to the torpedo-boat de- Ftroyer Virago to prepare at once for a cruise. Messengers were sent to find her offi cers, who were away at the time, in the city, ordering them to at once Join their ship. Steam was got up In forty-five min utes, and shortly afterward she steamed out down .the straits on patrol duty. Because of the news received by Cap tain Fagen there was also excitement at the' fortifications. A messenger was sent there, informing the officers of the strange something and extra precautions were taken. The guard was doubled and all the guns were manned. Extra sentries have been on duty at the fortifications for the past week, and no one is allowed there. Should any one be seen by the sentries after 10 o'clock he is challenged, and ac cording to orders received by them should any suspicion attach he would be fired on. At the dockyard all the guns are in readiness and a big gun covering the yard Is manned night and day. Sentries are doubled, and all persons passing after dark have to give the countersign. Steam ers going Into the harbor have been noti fied that they will have to signal with their whistles. when passing fortifications. Last night no vessels were allowed to en ter Esquimau, and all persons in small boats In the harbor were challenged by a fleet of launches which patrolled the har bor all night. As to what all the trouble Is about, not a man can be found to say. Whatever the cause, the fact remains that there is con siderable activity and excitement' at Es qulmalt. CIPHER DISPATCH CAUSES ACTIVITY AT ESQUIMALT Following Its Receipt the Torpedo Boat Destroyer Virago Is Hurried to Sea and the Sentries at the Station Doubled. Special Dispatch to The Call. * French Continues His Advance and the Boers Reply But Feebly to the Fire of the British Cannon. lenso must have been considerably weak ened by the dispatch of larger reinforce ments westward to meet General Buller's advance, and they now hurriedly evacu- ( ated the river trenches and the kopjes op-* posite the village and scattered before our shrapnel. By evening none of the enemy were left within rifle shot at Colenso. The British force then retired to Chieveley." The Times has the following dispatch, dated Thursday, from Pietermaritzburg: "General Buller's wagon train Is nine teen miles In length and embraces 400 wagons and 5000 animals. As some of the drifts are narrow and muddy only one wagon is able to cross at a time. The of ficers are betting two to one that Lady smith will be relieved to-morrow (Fil day)." The Dally Mail publishes the following dispatch, dated Thursday, from Spesr mans Camp: "It is rumored that the Boers h?.ve evacuated Colenso In order to reinforce their troops here. Heavy gun fire ras heard from Ladysmith this morning. Gen eral Buller's orders instructs the m«n 10 heed the white flag of the Boers only when they lay down their arms. It als>o Instructs them to beware of false bugle calls." A Durban special dated Thursday night says: "It is -reported here that Lord Dundon ald has smashed a Boer convoy. General Buller Is s?ld to be within twelve miles of Ladysmkh and General Warren to l>e about six miles to the rear." BOER ACCOUNTS OF BULLER'S ADVANCE LOKDON, Jan. 19. — The Boer accounts of the passage of the Tugela River are given in the following dispatches from Commandant Vlljoen's camp on the Upper Tugela, via Lourenzo Marquez, dated Jan uary 18: January 15— Bailer* r second move wan a rec onnolseance In force with an armored t»-aln and a large body, supported by cannon, toward Colenso last night. A heavy bombardment en sued and thereupon the British retired, having wounded one of our men. No reply was made. This movfe was a feint to cover extensive movements up the river. Kaffirs on this side of the Tugela have bern warned by the British to leave their kraals, as the fight will com mence shortly. The second dispatch runs thus: January 17 — The night was unbroken, save for ellght rifle encounters between outposts, which led to nothing. At daybreak the enemy was located as before. He had not brought a sin gle gun across the river. But from the ridges of Swartfkop a batten* and a half of siege guns opened on our position at 5 a. m. The bombardment was probably the most frightful ever witnessed on land. Frequently five heavy naval guns fired simultaneously at one schanze (entrenchment). ROAD TO LADYSMITH SEIZED BY DUNDONALD Impassioned Speech on the Question of Recognizing a Representative of the Transvaal Government. HALE SCORES BALFOUR ON THE SENATE FLOOR SEIZURES OF VESSELS DENOUNCED German Reichstag Takes Up the Action of British Warships. NATIONS ASKED TO CO-OPERATE Yon Bulow Outlines a Programme That Would Put a Check Upon England. + LO&ENZO MARQUEZ, Jan. + + 18.— rThe German bark Marie, + + from Australia, with a cargo + + of flour for the Transvaal Gov- + + eminent has been taken as a + + prize by the British third- + + class cruiser Felorus, near the + ? island of Inyak, Delagoa Bay, + + and has been sent to Durban + + with a prize crew on board. + + + BERLIN. Jan. 19.— 1n the Reichstag to-day the debate on Herr Moeller's Joint interpellation of the Govern ment regarding the seizure of the German steamers by the British warships was I opened. Herr Moeller paid vigorous I expression must be given to the Indignation felt at the fact that the subsidized line to which the ves sels belonged rhould; observe the strictest neutrality, and expressed the opinion that the matter should furnish the opportu nity for denning the rights of mall steam ers. The unloading of the Bundesrath, he added, could have been effected within a few days. The; delay showed want of consideration for 'international courtesy, and it should rbe made incumbent upon the British officials' to announce whether and to what extent their views in regard to mall steamers had been changed. The action, said the speaker, had ap peared arbitrary, and it was Germany's duty to demand security for her ships In the future from all maritime nations. Ger many was so neutral that even her arms factories had been • prohibited from sup plying the belligerents. The present case afforded a rare spectacle of the unity of all parties. Great Britain had not always maintained the neutrality marking Ger many's present attitude, and Englishmen should take care not to draw on them selves, the hatred of the civilized world. This, statement was greeted with loud cheers. " The Mhwter of Foreign Affairs, Count Bulow, replied. He declared that Herr Moeller. in . his introductory remarks, had' Justly pointed out the feeling of an noyance which the seizure of ¦ German steamers by British war vessels had aroused throughout Germany and con tinued: The German Empire will not withhold Its concurrence and pupoort If. with the co-opera tion of the other powers. It would appear pos-. flble by moans of "an International agreement to get nearer a settlement of the disputed point* of maritime law. At present the interpolator Is only too Justified In saying that the maritime law Is still very flexible and elastic. Is very de fective and has numerous gaps which. In crit ical moments, are only too often filled up by the application of naval force. I would like an agreement with the other Governments con cerned to establish the following rules: First Neutral merchant vessels on the high seas or in the territorial waters of belligerents • hall, apart from the right of convoy, which la not raised In the present case, be subject to the right of search by the warships of belligerents. Second— The right of search shall be exercised with as much leniency as possible. Third— Should a neutral ehlpj when requested to etor>, refuse to do so. or an examination of, her pnpers disclose Irregularities, should the presence of contraband be established, she may be seized and delivered to a competent prize court. Fourth— The term contraband shall include only goods or persons suitable for use in war and Intended for one of the belligerents. What kind of goods come, under this heading Is a matter for discussion. Fifth— Any contraband discovered to b* liable to confiscation, whether with or without com pensation, depends on the particular circum stances. • Sixth — If the arrest of a ship Is unjustifiable the belllivrent shall be bound to release both the ship nnd carco without delay and pay full indemnity for the damage and injury sustained. Count yon Bulow proceeded: We recognize the rights which international law actually gives to belligerents In respect to neutral shirs, neutral trade and neutral inter course. We don't misapprehend the duties which a state of war imposes on neutral ship owners and merchants, but we ask that bel ligerents shall not extend their powers be yond the limits of absolute necessity and they shall respect the inalienable rights and legiti mate trade of neutrals, and above all that they shall exercise the right of search and the ultimate capture of neutral vessels and goods In sucTi a way as to meet the necessity for the maintenance of neutral trade and the nor mal relations between friendly, civilized peop ples. Taking up this ' standpoint we forthwith lodged a strong protest in London against the proceedings of the British naval officers. We demanded, first, the Immediate release of the Bundcerath, ' Herzog and General. The latter two were immediately released on our request, and the Bundesrath was released yes terday. Secondly, compensation for the unjustified detention and losses therefrom. The duty of compensation has been admitted in principle, and Great Britain has declared her readiness to give all legitimate satisfac tion. Thirdly— We laid stress on the necessity of instructing the British naval officials not . to molest German vessels outside of the vidlnlty of the neat of war, especially from Aden north ward, and Great Britain has given instructions through which the stoppage of vessels and search of vessels will not be exercised at Aden or a similar distance from the seat of war. Fourthly— We pointed out the high desira bility of not stopping German mall steamer* and Great Britain issued Instructions that such vessels shall not be stopped or searched on mere suspicion. These instructions remain In force until other arrangement* are reached. Fifthly— We have proposed that all conten tions and questions not otherwise settled shall be submitted ; to an arbitration tribunal .to be promptly summoned. Great Britain ex pressed the hope/ that arbitrators would not: be required, but declared her .willingness "for ar bitration in order to assess the ' claims -for' damages. '<,¦"¦ Finally the British Government has 'expressed its regret for the .incidents which have oc curred. ¦ • • This last statement caused loud cheers in the House. Count yon Bulow in conclusion said Ger many would maintain friendly relations with Great Britain, but: the Government hoped that such Incidents would not re cur, making it Impossible I for the ' good relations to continue. VOLUME LXXXVII — NO. 51. SAN FRANCISCO, SATURDAY, JANUARY 20, 1900. PRICE FIVE CENTS* The San Francisco Call