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before. the result Is known.
The Standard's military ; expert says: - "Clip Drift appears to be just above Da vids Graaf. By. holding this, point Lord Rbberts has . penetrated I the «¦< Boer .', posi tion, which extends from Magersfontetn to Jacobsdal. , Any, Boer- forces that may be at ; Jacobsdal have been isolated from Cronje's main" body. The British com mander canidevelOD his flank " attack against the Boers'." left and. has a further ,polnt in his ¦ favor— the lino ' of ; retreat -of the Boers, to ;^ liloemf ontein .being: inter cepted. Through the ; gap , which ; French holds - with some ' 8000 men • the ' Sixth ¦ and he is strong enough at the same time to hold Mag'ersfontein against Methuen, who will then be able to proceed to the relief of Kimberley. , The news of Lord . Roberts' move was not given out until 11 o'clock last night. 1 but even at that hour the,' telegraph boards at clubs ; and hotels were quickly surrounded by crowds of men, who dis cussed the new advance, which was felt to bemarked by. a concentration of pur pose, energy and rapidity .'.that augurs well for events that are to follow. , i The last official telegram received up to an early hour ¦ this - morning was dated CHICAGO, Feb. It— ""War with England should be the policy of this Govern ment," said Governor Andrew D. Lee of South Dakota, "if the facts set forth in ex-Consul Macrum's open letter issued to the American people are found to be correct. "This action of the British authorities at -Durban in tampering with mail matter addressed to Mr. Macrum is damnable." the Governor continued, "and an outrage against the rights of neutral powers. If the" facts as stated in that letter are. true the American Government Instantly, should call Great Britain to severe account. That means another war on our hands, I know, but war GOV. LEE WOULD WAR ON GREAT BRITAIN is preferable to national dishonor. The spectacle of an American citizen, be he In private or public life, having to sit idly by and. see his mall opened by an official of a foreign power .is too humiliating for American blood to stand." Almost equally, as radical comments were made by several- of the leaders in the anti-trust conference who. were shown the dispatch from Washington to night Setting forth the experiences of the ex-Consul. All were emphatic in say ing, that the. rights of citizens of neutral powers should be protected and that England should.be condemned strongly for her high-handed methods. heavy fire on the squadron, which retired without supports, and the Boers retired. "Dundonald, with 700 mount ed men, a field battery and the First Royal Welsh Fusiliers, re connoitered the high ground which the enemy had been in the habit of visiting. The enemy evacuated it with the loss of two men after slight resistance. When the force retired on the completion of the reconnois sance the enemy returned in con siderable numbers and kept up a heavy rifle fire, wounding slight ly Lieutenant G. Churchill of the South African Light Horse. Five men are missing." The general commanding at Rensberg reports that on Mon day, February 12, he was at tacked in force by the Boers. Lieutenant Conyngham of the Worcester Regiment was wounded and has since died. There were other casualties. ? SIGNIFICANCE OF THE NEW CAMPAIGN LONDON. Feb. 15.-Lord Roberts has be gun hi? operations against the Boer, army between the Modder River and Kimber ley by initiating a flanking movement, which up to the present time has proven successful. The drifts referred to in Lord Roberts' official messages are all to the east ol Methuen's camp on Modder River and within the Free Ftate territory. The flm move was made on Monday by the mounted infantry brigade under Colo nel Hannay. moving to Ramah. which, as near as can be ascertained, is ten miles almost due scuth of Jacobsdal. On the same day General French, with a large cavalry lorco, took Deklels Drift, on Reit . River. »Ast of Modder River camp, thus openhg the way of the Sixth and Seventh divisi->ns under Kelly-Kenny and Tucker, respectively. French pushed ah»ad swiftly on -Tues day, marching twenty-five miles, forcing the passage of the Hcdder at Clip Drift, and occupying the hills on the north bank and capturing: the Boer laagerfe there. All this was done within tr<j space of six hours. General Gordon with th* cavalry bri gade eeized two other driits, Rondeval and another between It and Clip Drift. The two infantry divisions ire now fol lowing up the cavalry advance. With this huge British force thieatoning his. left wing on a position stretching from Spyt fontein by Masersfonteln and by Jacobs- ley and James Bryce and decided to open a permanent fund to carry on a vigorous political propaganda for the principles thus enunciated. OLD BRITISH CAMP TAKEN. LONDON; Febl 15.— A dispatch to the Morning Post from Chieveley,- dated Tuesday, confirms the report that parties of Boers have occupied the old British camp at Spearman's Farm. The corre spondent, . who identified the wounded Lieutenant ' Churchill . as the brother of Winston Churchill, Bay§ he was shot through the right leg. Seventh divisions will 'advance and move against the Boer flank." - WHAT MOVEMENTS OF LORD ROBERTS MEAN LONDON, Feb. ; 15.— Spencer Wilkinson ln;the Morning-Post.to-day says: .-; -_ . ,'¦ /'There is good news" to-day/ for a'" new campaign has begun. The movements : of Lord Roberts' are' a, practical illustration of the principle of concentration of action In * time and space.' ' Tho unexpected nre5 ........ . . ¦ - . »• • « ' ' i FORCES SEND OUT BY ROBERTS CAPTURE FIVE BOER LAAGERS Charles E. Ma crum, Former Consul to Pre toria, Declares That He Has Been Turned Down by Sec retary of State Hay. So Many Americans Were Joining the I Boers and He Re ceived Such Shab by Treatment at the Hands of the British Censors That He Decided to Return and Make a Per sonal Report. WASHINGTON. Feb. H.-Tha fol lowing signed statement waa given out this evening by Charles E. Macruzn, former United States Consul to Pre- toria: "The. situation .hi Pretoria, was sue*» that first, as an official. I could not re main there while my Government at home' was apparently in the dark as to the exact conditions In South Africa. Sec ondly, as a man and citizen of the United States. l could not remain in Pretoria, Sac rificing my own self-respect and that off the people of Pretoria while the Govern ment at home continued to leave me in the position of a British Consul and not an American Consul. I want to say right here that there was not a single- request made of me through the Department of State looking to the care of British Inter ests In Pretoria which I did not fulfill and report upon according to my orders. On the other hand. American Interests In South Africa were In that condition which demanded that the Department oC State should be cognizant of them. "I issued the statement received from the State Department that Americans must remain neutral. In the face of this Americans were continually going' to the front and taking up arms in the cause of the Boers. I could not help but know that many of these were citizens of th« United States. I also knew that many of them in utter despair at the attituda of our own Government were taking tha oath of allegiance to the Transvaal re public "When affairs had reached that state that my Vice Consul. Mr. Van Am erlngen, closed up his business, took the oath of allegiance to the republic and went to the front as a burgher I thought the time had come when I should maks a report of these conditions. "It was. over four weeks from the time the war opened before I received a single mall dispatch from my Government or a personal letter. The mall for the Trans vaal had all been stopped at Cape Town by order of the High Commissioner. "When this mall was finally forwarded to me af ter Colonel Stowe. the Consul General at Cape Town, had secured Its release I had the humiliation, as the representa tive of the American Government, of sit ting In my office In Pretoria and looking upon envelopes bearing the official seal of the American Government opened and officially sealed with a sticker notifying me that the contents had been read by tha censor at Durban. "I looked up International law. but failed to find anywhere that one military power can use Its own discretion as to forwarding the official dispatches of a neutral Government to Its representative In a besieged country. "The. mall service from Delasroa Bay to Europe was continually Interrupted by the action of British men-of-war at that port. The service was over two weeks longer than by the west coast, and thera ¦were continual rumors that that port would be closed and communication with the outside world entirely cut off. Tha cable service from the Transvaal was ab solutely cut off, and I was privately In formed by the Belgian and German Con suls at Pretoria that their official cabled In code to their Governments had been refused by the censor. I filed one cable la the Interest of an American In Pretoria, which was refused absolutely by the cen sor in Durban. .This cable I sent to th« fiancee of a Mr. Nelson, an American business man In Pretoria. She was on her way to South Africa from Buffalo. >». T.. when the war broke out. According to a letter which Mr. Nelson received just be fore the war commenced she was buying her trosseau in Europe. The cable re quested her to come by the east coast. When I Informed Mr. Nelson that tha cable had not been sent his brother took the oath of allegiance to the republic and went to the front. But these an simply minor details. The misrepresentations) which had been going on before the war and after It opened were of such a. serious nature and would require such detailed explanation that on the 6th of Xovember I filed a cable to the department In coda stating that I wished leave of absence In order to visit the States. I set forth In this cable that my Vice Consul had en« listed In the Boer army; that a Mr. At. terbury. an American whom I had known favorably for more than a year, could take charge of the office until my retiirn. The Rapid and Brilliant Work of French's Di vision in the Taking of Drifts Within the Or ange Free State. Campaign of the British Com mander in Chief in the Direc tion of Bloemfontein Is So Far Successful, and Cronje Now Faces Most Difficult Prob lems. LOXDOX, Feb. 14 (v:45 p. m .) — The War Office has issued the following mes sage from Lord Roberts, re ceived this evening: "Dekiel's Drift, Feb. 14, S:io a. m. — General French left this point at 1 1 '.30 yesterday morn ing with three brigades of cav alry, horse artillery and mounted infantry, including several colo nial contingents, in order to seize a crossing of the Modder, distant about twenty-five miles. He reports by dispatch, dated 5:35 p. m., that he had forced ?. passage at Clip Drift and has oc cupied the hills north of the river, capturing three of the. enemy s laagers with their supplies, while General Gordon, of the Fifteenth Hussars, with his brigade, who had. made, a feint at Rondeval Drift, four miles west, has seized it and another drift between it and Clip Drift, together with two more laagers. "General French's perform- ance is brilliant, considering the excessive heat and a blinding dust storm which raged during the latter part of the day. "Owing to the rapidity of his movements General French met with but slight opposition, his losses being small. Lieutenant Johnson of the Inniskilling Dra goons is the only officer reported severely wounded. "The sixth division was last night on the north bank of the Reit at Waterval Drift, and is moving to support the cavalry. The seventh division is here and will go on this afternoon. 'Tour officers and fifty-three men had to be sent last evening in the returning wagons to the railway line, prostrated by heat and exhaustion. "The casualties were two troopers killed, and Captain Ma jesidie, of the Rifle Brigade, wounded. He has since died. One trooper was wounded." The following dispatch has been received at the War Office from General Roberts: "Reit River, Tuesday, Feb. 13. — Colonel Hannay, in com mand of a brigade of mounted infantry, marching from Orange River to Ramah, had a slight en gagement February 11 (Sun day) with the Boers holding the hills and threatening his right flank. With a detached part of his force Colonel Hannay de tained the enemy while he pushed his baggage and main body through to Ramah. The object of the march was success fully carried out. Four men were killed, twenty-two were wound- Ed and thirteen are missing. v General Buller sends a dis patch from Chieveley, dated Monday, February 12, saying: "The commanding officer at Springfield reports this morning that a squadron of the First Dra groons moving to the outpost line covering: the right flank, met Special Cable to The Call and New Tork Her- aid. Copyrighted, 1900, by the New York Herald tompany. 8:10 a. m. yesterday from Dekielsl Drift. and marks the middle. of the operation then in - progress. Krora Kelt .drifts to those on the Modder Is twenty-five miles, a lons march "for infantry. From the Mod der drifts, a position from r which the Boers, II they remain, can.be attached must be made by a second march. Possi bly there may toe no general, action until Friday, and it may be Sunday or Monday rial. Cronje in forced to decide whether he will remain or retire. If he elects to go Kimberley will be relieved at once. If he chooses (o stay he will have to in trench In his rear or his works will be carried. If his rear is Intrenched he will probably be held in checK in his present position while Kimberley is relieved. Lord Methucn, with his First division. has apparently been left to hold the en trenchments at MouMer River, but- Lord Roberts has otitside of this three Infantry divisions— the Sixth, Seventh and Ninth tome ten batteries and a large number of cavalry, mounted infantry and irregu lar horse. Altogether his Torce must mus ter about 37.000 men. Should Cronje decide to take up a new position against Roberts it is doubtful if PBICE FIVE CE^TTS. VOLUME LXXXYII-ISO. 77. SAN FRANCISCO, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1900. BRITISH CASUALTIES FOOT UP NEARLY ELEVEN THOUSAND ence of the Sixth Division makes Lord Roberts stronger by 10,000 men than any one had ventured to hope. Evidently he ordered General MacDonald'B reconnols sance to Koodoesberg In order to draw the enemy's attention westward, away from the contemplated move through the Free State. The Boer army Is barred from the direct route to Bloemfonteln. and even on the road by Boshof It would be exposed to a flank attack during the march. General Cronje, on learning of Lord Roberts' disposition on Tuesday and yes terday, must have had an Interesting problem. He had to consider whether to hold on to his position at Jacobsdal at Magersfonteln and to seize Klmberley, or to raise the siege and move off— and if so In what direction, whether to Bloem fontein or northward across the Vaal. "This event forms the brilliant opening of a new campaign which Is being marked by concentration of purpose and by an energy and rapidity that augur well for the future. The public must wait patient ly for the result of these operations, re membering that the distance to be cov ered Is considerable and the heat great. Possibly enough there may be no general action until Friday." PROTEST AGAINST THE GOVERNMENT'S WAR POLICY • LONDON, Feb. 14.— Supporters of the Liberal party to .the number of 300 or 400 held a private .meeting at the West minster Palace Hotel this afternoon to protest against the Government's war policy. Sir Wilfrid Lawson, M. P.; David Lloyd-George, M. P.. and •C. Schrelner, the husband of Mrs. Olive Schrdner, were among: those present. The resolutions adopted denounced the war as "a crime and a blunder," committed at the Instiga tion of irresponsible capitalists: demanded the publication of the full correspondence regarding, the Jameson raid: protested against the increasing armaments, re affirmed the . Liberals' gratitude to Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman,. John Mor- a part}' of Boers "near Fusten berg. The Boers, reaching the crest of a hill first, opened a LONDON, Feb. 14.— The total British casualty returns up to to-night are: Officers killed, 152; wourded, 3S0; missing, 112. Men killed, 1477; wounded, 5050; missing, 2781; other fa talities reported, 563. Grand total, 10,515. THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL