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IDENTIFYING THE BOOKS.
Investigation Into the School Depart - ment Lumber Frauds Begins*. Bums, O'Brien & Swift, charged with defrauding the city (through various lum ber frauds perpetrated on the School De partment, were placed on trial before Judge Cook yesterday. J. Hanson, pres ent secretary of the board, was called to the stand to Identify the books contain ing ; the minutes- through the agency of which the prosecution seeks to establish the guilt of the defendants. The books were marked for identification and to-day Charles P. Welch and George S. Graham, who were in office at the time the alleged frauds - were committed, will be called and the work of implicating th© defend ants will then be attempted. The path of the millionaire seems not always to be one of roses. First it was Clark of Montana, then Carnegie, and now Rockefeller who has fallen under the light of prying investigation. It might be better, perhaps, if the gentlemen remained true to their first love and continued to make money, not distribute ir. If unbending justice continues her stern progress in New York married men will soon lose the last privileges of their honored state. A stern Justice has added to the woe of benedicts by convicting a man of disorderly conduct and binding him. over to keep the peace for tickling his wife's feet. The Parisian lady who concluded a pugilistic con test by swallowing her opponent's nose seems to have taken the affair too seriously. She should be advised to study some of the harmless tricks of the fakers of the American prize ring. The Oakland man who once submitted to marriage and now thinks that amob of wives is chasing' him must have had a whirlwind of an experience in the matrimonial elate. RED CLOTH COSTUME. The costume represented Is of dark red cloth. The short red Jacket is trimmed with rolled seams of black satin and ara besques of the same. The skirt, which is full and long, is similarly trimmed. PRESS COMMENTS Examiner Rebuked Redlanda Facts. If sensationalism is tho sola aim and ox cuse for the publication of the San Fran cisco Examiner, that paper's editorial staff surely Is filling every requirement. Regard for truth and decency seem» to have no share in its management. That Senator Hard or his friends bought his election is so absolutely false as to stir up the indignation of not only Republicans, but also fair-minded Democrats, In South ern California at least. We hear but one expression concerning, the Infamous at tempt to blacken the reputation of the thoroughly honest man, who had no "strings" to his election to the Senator ship. Such attacks, however, show to what low depth a metropolitan sheet enn fiink In Us efforts to cuter to the "yellow Journalism" loving portion of the public. Will not this "dog" of a publication have Its "day?" FASHION HINT FROM PARIS. ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. A DAT IN MAT— M. J. R. 0.. City. The 23d of May. ISSI. fell on a Friday. • BRTAN— A. S., City. "William Jennings Bryan Is classed among the axxtl-ex^an- Bionists. NO PREMIUM— C. N.. City. There Is no premium for a dime of IS3S, nor for one of 1894, unless It be one coined In San Francisco in that year. HOME STUDY— V. S.. City. Follow the instructions that are given with th© les sons published in The Call's Home Study and send the work you do at home to the Home Study, Call ofilce. WHY SHE-E. V.\. City. TTus depart ment has made a protracted search for the origin of "she" as applied to a man of-war or to any vessel, but it has not been able to find the origin of why a ship is called "she." THE TIVOLI— E. "W., City." The Ttvoll Gardens were in existence "at the north west corner of Stockton and Sutter streets In IS7S, being then kept by Blumberg & Kreling. In 1577 the same premises- were kept by J. Kreling. in IS7S at the lame place by Kreling Bros, and In 1879 the Tivoli Gardens, by Kreling Bros., were at 28-32 Eddy street, the site of the present Tivoli Opera House. BORN IN CHINA— A. O» S.. Purlssima, Cal. A man born la. China -is a nativa of that empire, yet ha may not be a Chinaman as that term Is generally un derstood. For instance a child born to white parents'' while either traveling or while the father was resident '"of that country with his family and' engaged In the diplomatic service would be a Chinese by nationality, but would not be a China man, for the reason that that term Is applied only to natives of China of the Mongolian race*. The Century Dictionary defines a Chinaman as "a native of China or a man of Chinese origin." The all-night privileges granted to Oaklanders by Judge Ogden are working out in strange develop ments. One unfortunate, who became convinced that life was a weary grind, found that all he needed was a sleep. He took a nap, and has reconsidered his in tention to kill himself. :¦ - ---. ¦ - :;¦ ...¦•¦ ¦ ¦¦.-. . •. ¦ . L. THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, ."TITICSOAY, KICHKDAIIV 'JO, 1!K)O. ease and death is what the German* nrr payinff for the folly of tropical colonies. Nothing hft» followed the German flag to those lands except gubsidici taken from the pockets of the German taxpayer, and noth ing has welcomed it save pcstilrnce. We arc very sure to have a similar experience if we be not wise enough to learn from the Germans. Our people are not fitted for tropical habitation any more than are those of Germany, nor, unless we permit the use of coolie slave labor in the tropics, are we likely to derive any more profit from them than the Germans can show for all their efforts and subsidies. Mayor Phelan is firmly convinced that the owners of stock in corporations may justly be considered gamblers. As his Honor is amply provided with stocks of various kinds this may be taken as the first definite announcement of his own opinion of himself. Definite announcement has at last been made of the first general civil service examinations. It would 'ne interesting to know how many ante-election pledges are to figure in the standard of the candidates who mbmit themselves to the test. The local police officer who is accused of cowardice for having retired from a conflict says he simply ran away to get his second wind. He must think that the rule* of sprinting constitute an clement of police duty. WELCOME FOR A YOUNG BRIDE Reception at the Presidio This Evening to Lieu tenant and Mrs. Gardner. A reception will be given this evening *t the clubrooms of the Presidio Club In honor of Lieutenant and Mrs. Rogers F. Gardner. The affair Is in. charge of the officers of the post and will be in the na ture of a greeting. to "the young lieutenant and his charming, wife. Arthur Bachman, son of S. Bachman, and Miss Amy Ehrman, daughter of M. Ehrman, were married last evening at 8 o'clock in the clubrooms of the San Fran cisco Verein on Post street. Rev. Ur.' Voorsanger performed the ceremony, which was witnessed by a large number of Invited guests. Mr, and Mrs. Charles Llndermann gave a- delightful reception on Sunday last at their home. 2241 Sutter street, compliment ary/to Moses Marks and bis cbarmlm; Acquitted of Manslaughter. James T. Rockwell, engineer of the Southern Pacific train that ran over and killed James Whitcomb Rlley a two-year old boy. near Ocean \ iew February 11. was acquitted of manslaughter by Judso Mogan yesterday. The evidence showed that the boy's death was not due to any carelessness on the engineer's part. Dr. Sanf orti's Liver Invijjorator. The best liver medldna. A vegetabU cur» for lrver Ills, biliousness, indigestion, constipation. • THE COST OF TROPICAL COLONIES. ONLY a short time ago The Call had occasion to direct attention to reports issued by the Statis tical Bureau at Berlin, showing the unprofitable nature of Germany's commercial relations" with her imperial system of colonies. By the figures given it appears that during the past year Germany imported from her colonies goods to the value of 4,617,000 marks and exported goods and silver to the value of 10,149,000 marks, making a total trade for the year of 14,766,000 marks. To attain that trade, however, the Government paid out of the imperial treasury in sub sidie.s and bounties to the colonies and protectorates during the same year the sum of 14,788,000 marks, making a net loss of 22,000 marks for the operations of the year. Later reports on the same subject show the cost of the German colonies in the tropics to be far greater than appears in that commercial statement. In a debate on the subject in the Reichstag last week it was shown on official reports that famine and sick ness in German East Africa had devastated that col ony. In the district of Tanga, for example, within the year 1890 the population has been diminished from 123,308 to 61,328, owing to famine, leprosy, smallpox and typhoid fever. The condition of the whole colony appears appalling. The trade of this colony, which is thrice the size of Germany, is mag nificent, but mostly with British India, while the cost to Germany is fivefold the whole trade. The reports from the other colonies are not much better. It is not surprising to learn the publication of such statistics has set the Germans to reflecting upon the profit and toss of tropical colonies. It is pointed out by the Cologne Yolks Zeitung that the imperial rail way projects for the colonies now adopted amount t0 '200,000.000 marks, while, on the other hand, Ger man trade with the British colonies amounts to 500, 000,000 marks, without entailing a cent of expense. This terrible experience of cost and waste and dis- Party Reorganization Needs. Fresno Republican. The Call has a long article on party re organization to the general effect that the only reorganization the party needs Is to oust the old leaders and select new ones, whose character and record shall ¦be t a guarantee that they will be leaders, not bosses. Very good, but not quite enough. What the party needs, above all things. Is less centralization of organization. Let the party committees of the several counties run their own affairs, and let the State committee be the product of these county organizations, and it will not make much difference what sort of leaders San 'Fran cisco sets up. They can hurt no one but San Francisco. And, 'for that matter, the main reorganization the party needi H spiritual regeneration, and that It has al ready. So long ns that lasts th* rule of the bosses is impossible, -r < Decency Must Stand Guard. . Niles Herald. It Is said that "Colonel Dan's" desire to ncaln attempt to gain a seat In the United States Benate will "depend upon the com plexion of the Legislature and the caliber of the members returned. If this is so It will stand the decent element in the Re fmbllcan party to be on guard and see to t . that only such men are sent to nom inating conventions this fall as will exact an Iron-clad pledge from nominees to un der any and all clrcmstanc.es keep the archconspirator out of the possibilities. See to It that the "complexion and cali ber" of the legislators are such that self confessed embezzlers and criminals will not dictate who shall represent the State In the national councils. . The Fastest Train Across the Con tinent. The California Limited. Santa F» Root*. Connecting; trains leave at 5 p. a. Monday. Wednesday. Friday and Saturday. Finest equipped train and best track of any lin« to the Bast. Ticket office. «S Market street. The residents of the Western Addition have pro tested to the Board of Education against too much "home study" for their children. The "independents" of the di?t<ict have evidently reached the conclusion that they have learned enough lessons in "reform" San Francisco to satisfy them for a while. Add twenty droi>« of Dr. Slegert's Angos- tura Bitters to rvery glass of Impure watsr ywx drink. Personally Conducted Excursions In Improved wide-vestlboled Pullman tmuist ¦leepln* cars via Santa Fe Rout«. Exp«ii-ne«<l excursion conductors accompany thes« excur sions to look after the welfare of passengers. To Chicago and Kansas City eyery Sunday. Wednesday and Friday. To Boston. Montreal and Toronto every 'Wednesday. To St. Louis erery Sunday. To St. Paul every Sunday and Friday. Ticket office. S2S Market street. Divorce Suits Filed. - Suits for divorce have been filed by Elizabeth Edwards against Harry Ed wards for cruelty, A. A. •Waltecspeil against Annie S. Waltenspiel fordesertion. and Mary A. Doughty -against Charle* E. Doughty for desertion. Gulllef s Ip« Cream and Cakes. SOS Larkln st.» CaL glace fruit 60c per R> at Townsend's.' 6p#clal Information supplied dally to business houses and public men by ta» Press Clipping: Bureau (Allen's). 510 Mont- gomery atreet. Telephone Main 1043. • • GRAND JURY AND THE PERJURERS GRAND JURIES have not in recent years per formed a very notable or vigorous part in the administration of law in San Francisco. Their investigations have never been sufficient to do more than alarm the more timid of wrongdoers, and their reports, instead of being statements of actions taken, have been explanations and apologies for the lack of Over and over again juries have submitted reports declaring a moral conviction of the existence of va rious forms of crime and wrongdoing in the com munity, but alleging an impossibility to obtain evi dence that would lead to conviction in a court of law. The present Grand Jury has better luck than its pre deccisors. It has an opportunity to take steps toward the prosecution of perjurers, and the evidence to con vict is ready at hand. Simpton's affidavit that he, while Justice of the Peace, married James G. Fair and Mrs. Nettie R. Craven, on the one side, and his counter affidavit that the first is false, make a clear case so far as he it concerned. It appears the Grand Jury has nothing to do but to indict in order to bring about the conviction of that offender on his own testimony. In prosecutions of this kind it is inevitable that one step sliaJl lead to another. The investigation of Simp ton's offense will entail the investigation of other offenses. Simpton claims he made his affidavit con cerning the marriage for the purpose of trapping Mrs. Craven, and asserts he was acting at the time under the advice of his counsel, Sylva. Now Sylva is an attorney indeed, but one who has been de barred from the higher courts and forced to confine his practice to Justice and Police courts. The fact that tuch a man has been the counsel of Simpton does not in any way add credibility or respectability to the client. It serves no other purpose than that of show ing the Grand Jury in what direction to push further investigations. Simpton lias stated that the Fair lawyers promise. 1 him protection from a prosecution for perjury, and Sylva has stated that Mrs. Craven entered into a con tract to pay him $30,000 to procure perjured testi mony. Here are two other matters to which the Grand Jury must give attention. By what privilege of the bar do the attorneys in a case before the courts assure perjurers of immunity from punishment for the crime? How is it that an attorney, disbarred, it is true, but still an attorney, has in his possession written evidence of an attempt to obtain perjured tes timony to be used in a suit before the courts, and yet makes no effort to bring the guilty person to jus tice? To the general public it matters little which of the contending parties in this case obtains possession of the Fair millions. It is a matter, however, of grave public concern that the subornation of perjury shall be punished so thoroughly and so drastically that the practice of it in our courts will be shunned by even the boldest villains. To that end the prosecutions of the admitted perjuries in this case should be carried so far as to bring within the net of the law all the of fenders who contrived, connived at, aided, abetted or promised to protect the perjurer in the crime. Be they rich or be they poor, they should be brought to .answer in the courts they have attempted to degrad;, and be judged by the justice they have sought to vio late. SETTLERS AND LEASES. A MOVEMENT against the leasing of grazing lands on the public domain has been started at Prineville, Or. At a meeting held there a pro test was framed, of which a copy has been sent to The Call We are entirely in sympathy with the declarations and avowed purpose of the protest, and would de cline to give any support to a measure which antag onized them. The action of the meeting recites: "It is apparent that under the provisions of the proposed law leased public lands would be withdrawn from set tlement, and the existing public land laws of the United States would be nullified." An examination of the Foster bill does not support this statement. The first section of the bill says: "That such of the vacant public lands, west of the ninety-ninth meridian of longitude, west from Greenwich, as, in the judgment of the Secretary' of Agriculture, are more valuable for grazing than for other uses, shall be subject to lease for grazing pur poses." To enact that will not nullify any existing law, for there is no law under which the arid grazing lands may be acquired by the actual settler for farm ing purposes, nor is there any under which such lands can pass to private ownership in grazing "tracts. A homesteader on arid lands is compelled by law to. irrigate and reduce to tillage his tract within a fixed time. Upon lands in the arid districts that are more valuable for grazing than other purposes the home steader cannot do this, for lack of water so placed that it can be used for irrigation. The grazing lands, therefore, are not valuable for any other purpose than grazing, and as that is their sole value they are sub ject to selection by the Secretary of Agriculture. The people in the part of Oregon from which this pro test comes have an object lesson before them. The river Dcs Chutes country was once the most valuable graz ing ground in the West. The bunch grass grew there so luxuriantly that it was cut for hay. But the land was commons. It was overstocked with cattle. The forage was exhausted below the point of support for cattle, and sheep followed, as they do everywhere upon the appearance of such conditions. An officer of the Agricultural Department, who has personally inspected the Western ranges, says: "Ever since the homestead act was passed in 1862 the agri cultural settlement of the public lands has extended rapidly westward, and as a result there now remains scarcely any public land east of the one hundredth meridian. West of that line, in the arid and sub arid regions, the homestead act has proved only a limited success, the extent of its success coinciding with the extent of well-watered land in the vicinity of springs, streams and lakes'. The settler could not support himself on 160 acres of arid land, and in con sequence these lands have remained unsettled. Under the common law, and in the absence of special enact ments to the contrary, public lands are commons, and the settlers at once availed themselves of their com mons rights by turning their stock out to graze on the lands in question. So profitable was the result, particularly with cattle, that it was not long before large companies were formed and millions of cattle occupied the vacant lands of the arid regions. The natural grass crop that had previously gone to waste was now transformed into national wealth. Finally, however, the cattle became so numerous that there was not grass enough to support them properly, and the overgrazing of the arid region began. Then fol lowed a pushing and crowding for grazing lands. The sheep-owners crowded the cattle-owners by running their sheep on the best range, and grazing an area so closely that cattle had to be removed from the coun try or starve. .The result of all this has. been bad feeling, lawlessness and the destruction of life and property." We are sure that the people of the Prineville re gion in Oregon will recognize the correctness of this description. That part of Oregon is now being eaten out by sheep, following the decline of the ranges by overstocking with cattle. The sheep will soon finish what is left, and will follow up the retreating cattle upon other ranges, until the destruction of the forage on the arid grazing lands will be complete. If the Print ville protest is sincere, if it is really in the interest of the actual settler, it raises an issue that cannot be properly made against the Foster bill. If it uses the settler merely as a pretext for continuing things as they have been on the ranges, it is not worthy of attention. The number of cattle in Wyoming declined 50 per cent and in value $15,632,204 in twelve years, under the existing system, and the same record applies to the whole arid grazing region. If these lands that cannot be homesteaded, that are not susceptible of agricultural settlement and are of no value for other purpose than grazing, are not pro tected and recuperated by a leasehold policy now, in a short time they will have no value for anything,' and the beef supply of the country will injuriously and ir reparably decline. To these considerations we. invite the attention of the protesting people of Prinevillc, and of all interests in the arid grazing regions. AROUND THE CORRIDORS F. J. HiM'd. a Ixw Angeles railroad man. Is staying at the Palace. . Rev. M. Coleman. a popular clergyman of Marysvllle. la a guest at the Lick. Frank J. Carolan came up from Bur lingame yesterday and Is staying a.t the Palace. Btate Senator Thomas Flint Jr. Is reg istered at th« Palace from his home la San Juan. James E. Bell, a prominent and wealthy lumberman of Everett, Wash., is a guest at the Grand. T. M. Lane, the mining magnate, of Knights Ferry, is one of the recent arri vals at the Lick. R. S. Bodman. a well known railroad man of Los Angeles, is making a short stay at the Lick. Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Baldwin are regis tered at the Palace from their boms Jri Santa Clara County. • Dr. W. W. Watkins, a leading medical man of Moscow, Ind., is among the ar rivals of yesterday at the Grand. Mr. and Mrs. W. W. Dodge of Washing ton, D. C, are at the Palace. wher» they arrived yesterday from their home. R. Lockey, a wealthy land owner and mining man of Montana, is a guest at the Palace, where he arrived last evening. Baron M. A. Papken. a prominent resi dent of Salt Lake City, is at the Licit, while on a short visit' to San Francisco. F. F. Rogers, a wealthy resident of Den ver, who Is interested In various Colorado mining properties, 13 a guest at the Pal ace. -- :': W. A. Johnson Is staying at the Grand. Mr. Johnson Is prominently connected with the management of the Hotel de! Monte. Dr. A. A. Finch, one of the best known of the medical fraternity of Astoria, Or., is registered for a short stay at the Oc cidental. C. E. Bragg of Portland and John W. Gunn, A. N. Giesy and B. B. Broomell o? Salem constitute a party of Oregon in surance men who are in this city, where they arrived yesterday on business per taining to their pursuits. . They are at the Occidental. THE CANAL TREATIES THE ratifications of the Clayton-Bulwer treaty were exchanged on July 4, 1850. The acquisi tion of California and the extension of our Pa cific Coast line had brought into prominence the necessity of a ship canal across the isthmus. John M. Clayton, Secretary of State, was named by the Taylor administration to negotiate with Grtat Britain "a convention relative to a ship canal by way uf Nicaragua, Costa Rica, the Mosquito coast or any part of Central America." In the negotiation Great Britain was represented by Sir Henry Lytton-Bulwer.' The ratifications were exchanged six days before Mil lard Fillmore became President by the death of Tay lor. The- treaty provides that: "The Governments of the United States and Great Britain hereby declare that neither the one nor the other will ever obtain or maintain for itself any exclusive control over the said ship canal, agreeing that neither will ever erect or maintain any fortification commanding the same, or in the vicinity thereof, or occupy, or fortify, or colo nize, or assume or exercise any dominion over Nicaragua, Costa Rica, the Mosquito coast or any part of Central America." It was further agreed that when such ship canal is constructed the United States and Great Britain "will guarantee the neutrality thereof." We believe there is no evidence that that treaty has ever been abrogated, either affirmatively or by implication. It was desired by the United States, because Great Britain was at that time the only nation that could expect to succeed in constructing a canal across the isthmus. Not long after it was made some steps were taken by our Gov ernment preliminary to construction. Lieutenant Strain was sent to make a survey, and accomplished an exploration, with many interesting adventures. At the close of President Arthur's administration a treaty was made by Secretary Frelinghuysen between the United States and the Governments of Costa Rica and Nicaragua, which gave to us sovereignty and dominion of the canal line. Such abandonment of their own sovereignty, however, was not made by those Governments without a price. They exacted that the United States should at all times defend and maintain their territorial integrity! This treaty of course violated the Clayton -Bulwer convention, for it assumed dominion. President Cleveland withdrew it from the Senate immediately after his inauguration in 1885, and in his first regular message referred to it in these terms: "I am unable to recommend propositions involving paramount privileges of ownership or right outside of our own territory, when coupled with absolute and unlimited engagements to defend the territorial integrity of the state where such interests lie. * * * The lapse of years has abundantly confirmed the wisdom and fore sight of those earlier administrations which, long be fore the conditions of maritime intercourse were changed and enlarged by the progress of the age, pro claimed the vital need of interoceanic transit across the American isthmus and consecrated it in advance to the common use of mankind by their positive declarations, and through the formal obligations of treaties." In this he undoubtedly recognized the Clayton-Bulwer treaty as in force, and the Freling huysen treaty as in violation of it. In his message, arguing the necessity of a neutral canal, he quotes Cass in 1858: "What the United States want in Cen tral America, next to the happiness of its people, is the security and neutrality of the interoceanic routes which lead through it." The whole record of the subject reveals this desire for a neutrality which cannot exist over a fortified waterway. The nation must regard honorably its treaty obli gations, and that those assumed in the Clayton- Bulwer treaty still exist seems indisputable. But sup pose they do not. Even then we cannot fortify the canal, and establish over it a garrison police, and a military patrol of Lake Nicaragua or Managua, .with out the consent of Nicaragua and Costa Rica. They are in the family of nations, and, being jealous of their sovereignty, will not surrender it without an equivalent. Are the opponents of the Hay-Pauncefote treaty prepared to support such a convention as the Freling huysen treaty, by which we assume the responsibility of their military defense against all comers, and re serve no ripht to limit or control the cause of quar rels in' which they may engage? It is readily seen that, assured of defense by the United States, they have nothing to lose by truculence and recklessness, and their broils would never end, nor would the ex pense of their defense in every quarrel, furnished at our cost. This Government can abrogate the treaty with England, and it is probable, as has been said in Lon don, that England would not object, but the dangers, difficulties and cost come after such action. Who is willing to take the responsibility of assuming them? SERPENTINE BOAT TO BREAK OCEAN RECORD Craft to Run JLike a Screw, and Is Expected to Go a Mile a Minute and Cross the Atlantic in Three Days. JAMES GRESHAM of Brooklyn Is preparing: to build the first of his serpentine boats for the syndicate headed by W. J. ArkelL ¦It Is expected that this type of boat will cross the ocean In less than three days, drlvlnjj Itself like a screw through the water at the rate of sixty miles an hour, and It Is the Intention of the syndicate to try to procure the contract for carrying the trans-AtlantJc malls. Mr. Gresham Believes his boat, which Is to be built at Newport News, will be ready for her trial spin In about six months. The Gresham boat will probably be the strangest looking craft that ever sailed the seas. It will look more like a sea serpent than anything else, with a body like an elongated Rugby football and a prow and stern curving up Into the air like the ends of an ancient galley. Around the body will be the big spiral fianga which Is to give to It Its forward motion as the outer shell of the ship revolves rapidly. HOW THE QUEER CRAFT WILL BE BUILT. The boat will consist of two sections, one within the other. The "Inner shell will be shaped like a cigar, round in the middle and tapering to a point at each end. A round tube will extend from It fore and aft, turning upwartt and outward like a swan's neck. It will terminate in an open mouth, which wlll.be the venti lator of the ship. Around the neck will be a gallery. This will be the deck of tho ship, the only open place in the whole vessel. The after gallery will be used for the wheelhouse and the forward balcony for the bridge. This inner hull will be swung like a hammock In the outer shell, which com pletely envelops It, letting only the bow and stern protrude. It rests on ball bearings, which, Mr. Gresham says, reduce the friction to almost nothing. All the machinery is stowed In the bottom of the inner hull, so as to balance It and keep it stationary. Penetrating the lower section of the hull is a revolv ing shaft, which Is geared to the outer hull. By revolving this shaft the outer ehell is spun around the inner hull. Around the outer hull is wound the great steel flange, which Is th© main prin ciple of the device. HOW IT WILL GET ITS GREAT SPEED. "This Is the great Archimedean screw," said Mr. Gresham to me yesterday. "Archimedes said that If he had room for a fulcrum he could lift the earth. Well, in this case we make the water our fulcrum. The hull of the boat, oper ated from within, revolves, and the. flange drives the vessel forward. I should say that the speed of such a boat is limited only by the strength of the material used In Its construction. . "The boat we Intend to build will be BO feet long, 11 feet in diameter in the middle, will weight about 11V& tons, and have a displacement of less than four tons. It will be built of fine steel, and the flange will be 11 Inches wide at Its widest part. "Three revolutions would drive the boat Its own length. We would probably run her at one hundred revolutions a minute, although I believe we could make four hundred turns. But at one hundred she would be making a speed of sixty miles an hour and would cross the Atlantic In less than three days." Mr. Gresham will not disclose the nature of the power he win use in turning; the vessel. He says It is a secret power of his own discovery.— New York Herald. flnnc**. Mlm MIHIp Koehman. About fifty people m*t th»* happy young couple and upent a delightful evrninic. LAY ON, MACDUFF. "I named my youngest daughter Macduff." "What for?" "Because I want her to lay on." TUE5DAY...........: FEBRUARY 20, 1900 JOHN D. SPRECKELS. Proprietor: Address A!i Communications to W. S. LEAKE. Manager^ I'IOLICITIOK OFFlCE.. Wsirlcct and Third. S. F. i>u*kM« w«in men. •EDITORIAL. K00M5....217 to 221 B<fT*nios St. Trlrskoae Mala 1*74. Delivered by C«rri#*r«, 15 Cent* P«-r W>«>lc. fetnsrle Copies. Q Cents. Term* by Ma.ll. Including Pontagei IJAII > CALL, dnrludlnc Suaday). one xear.,»6.00 IMII.> CALL (lncladlur Sunday). 6 niontbs. . 3.00 DAILY CALL (Including: Ssnday). 3 months.. 1.00 I>AIL¥ CALL. — By t> lntel*- Month CSc !-i Mia) CALL One Vrar J .r,o WICICIvLV CALL One Year 1.00 All iivtiui«*irri sire authorised to recelv« m « l» » oi-J ptluua. fracuple ooplei will be forwarded vrhen reqoetted OAKJ.AMJ OFFICE 1118 Broadvray C. GI2OIIVK KROCN'ESS. B«s>gtr J «rfltn Ad»«rtUinp. M«r«Brll« Hnlld ln«-. Calcasro. KKW YORK COKRESPOJCDESTi C. C CAJtLTOft IleraJd Saoare CHICAGO Mi US >TA.M)4i fcherman Uounei P. O. A'evr> Co.i Great JTortb. •«u Uuirl; Frruont U«o*r| Auditorium Hotel. KEW YORK KEYVS 6TABTDS« VV»ld«rt-A»i</ii* Iluii-li A. Brentano, 81 Union Csasrci Murray Hill lioteL. BTBW YORK REPRESENTATIVE! Jl-Jt.li > 1.l lilies JK 29 Trlbnao Bufldlair UiSMJSoHjS (1). C.) OFFlCE.. Welllnsrton Hotel J. F. EAULISU, Correspondent. GHAKrn OFFICES— -62T Montsromery. corner of Clay, open noill Bi3O a'clock. 300 Ilayea, • pen until W:3O o'clock. 413U McAllister, open until :>.:',<t o'clock. «Jl6 Larkla, open until !<:.'.'» o'clock. IU4I Mission, open en til JO o'clock. 22<il Market, corner Sixteenth, open nntll U o'clock. XQitH Valencia, open until O o'clock. lOC Eleventh, open until O o'clock. SW. corner Ttventy-aecond and Kentucky, open until 9 o'clock. AMUSEMENTS. Oryhenm — VaudevlUa. Tivoli— "Th* Idol's Eye." Grand Oixra-b-juse — "Aia££ln Jr." California— "Who Xj Who?" Aifcambra— J^ffne6-Sfcarker Coolest Picture*. Columbia— "The Serenade." Alcazar— "The Prodigal Father." Chutes, Zou and Theater— Vaudeville every afteroooa and •venlnc O:ymj/!a. corner ©f Maaon and Eddy etreets— Specialties. \V«-*t*rn Turf Association— Rac»« to-<Uy. AUCTION SALES. My Kcsr York Auotlon Co. — Tfcls d&y, tt 11 o'clock. Govern- U-f i i suri'lie*. at £16 Washington street. By VVm. G. I^yng— ThU evening, at 8 o'clock, rac* horses, bt 7;l Howard urett. liy U Seh&Wer— ThU day, at t o'clock, at SOS Waablogton etrtet, Oaklai:4, Imported rugs. CAPE NOME MACHINERYjtnd SUPPLIES. AMALOAMATORS^ SAVE GOLD— Kroeb Mfß. Co.. J Stevenson it. Amalgamators. Sand Centrifugal Pomps. ROTARY AMALOAMATORi. MOORE Improved Gold Separator St Rotary Amalgamator on exhibition. «3 Stevenson su BEACH GOLD CONCENTRATOR. EAVES All the Gold by gravitation. No qulck- ,llver. Hand or power. In operation 14 Bpcf . STEA.H ENOINES. Call and see tne lightest, cheapest, special Cap* Nome steam engine; working parts completely inclosed; |oa to $255 for 1 to 20 horsepower; weights 90 to 1400: one operating at TUX E.V. OINEERING AN'b SUPPLY CO.. 619 Howard. GASOLINE ENGINES. HERCULES GAS KNGTNE WORKS U flTUn* large numbers of orders for Norn*. 141-11) First st.. S. F. OILS. LUBRICATING Oil. Cruds Oil and Gasoline ENSIGN & McGCFFICK. U Spear St.. 8. V. SAND CENTRIFUOAL PU.WPS. Lift GoU-Bearlng Sands perfectly. In op«rm- tlon at Cg Sixth st. BYRON JACKSON. MARSH STEAM PUMPS Supply .fresh or salt water for sluic* boxes- high or low lifts. Slnonds. a Market st. ENGINES. BOILERS. ETC. BAKER £ HAMILTON. Engines and Botlars- lowest prices en th« coast. Pin* A Davis staT HENSHAW.BL'CKUTACO.Piim r .tn..m. M Ga**lln« Engines. Boilers, it aad 23 Fremont. J TENTS AND COVERS. " NEVILLE It CO.. manufacturers, ban, tenUL covers. Jl and 33 CaUf omliTst 6