IDENTIFYING THE BOOKS.
Investigation Into the School Depart -
ment Lumber Frauds Begins*.
Bums, O'Brien & Swift, charged with
defrauding the city (through various lum
ber frauds perpetrated on the School De
partment, were placed on trial before
Judge Cook yesterday. J. Hanson, pres
ent secretary of the board, was called to
the stand to Identify the books contain
ing ; the minutes- through the agency of
which the prosecution seeks to establish
the guilt of the defendants. The books
were marked for identification and to-day
Charles P. Welch and George S. Graham,
who were in office at the time the alleged
frauds - were committed, will be called
and the work of implicating th© defend
ants will then be attempted.
The path of the millionaire seems not always to be
one of roses. First it was Clark of Montana, then
Carnegie, and now Rockefeller who has fallen under
the light of prying investigation. It might be better,
perhaps, if the gentlemen remained true to their first
love and continued to make money, not distribute ir.
If unbending justice continues her stern progress
in New York married men will soon lose the last
privileges of their honored state. A stern Justice has
added to the woe of benedicts by convicting a man
of disorderly conduct and binding him. over to keep
the peace for tickling his wife's feet.
The Parisian lady who concluded a pugilistic con
test by swallowing her opponent's nose seems to have
taken the affair too seriously. She should be advised
to study some of the harmless tricks of the fakers of
the American prize ring.
The Oakland man who once submitted to marriage
and now thinks that amob of wives is chasing' him
must have had a whirlwind of an experience in the
RED CLOTH COSTUME.
The costume represented Is of dark red
cloth. The short red Jacket is trimmed
with rolled seams of black satin and ara
besques of the same. The skirt, which is
full and long, is similarly trimmed.
If sensationalism is tho sola aim and ox
cuse for the publication of the San Fran
cisco Examiner, that paper's editorial
staff surely Is filling every requirement.
Regard for truth and decency seem» to
have no share in its management. That
Senator Hard or his friends bought his
election is so absolutely false as to stir up
the indignation of not only Republicans,
but also fair-minded Democrats, In South
ern California at least. We hear but one
expression concerning, the Infamous at
tempt to blacken the reputation of the
thoroughly honest man, who had no
"strings" to his election to the Senator
ship. Such attacks, however, show to
what low depth a metropolitan sheet enn
fiink In Us efforts to cuter to the "yellow
Journalism" loving portion of the public.
Will not this "dog" of a publication have
FASHION HINT FROM PARIS.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
A DAT IN MAT— M. J. R. 0.. City. The
23d of May. ISSI. fell on a Friday.
• BRTAN— A. S., City. "William Jennings
Bryan Is classed among the axxtl-ex^an-
NO PREMIUM— C. N.. City. There Is
no premium for a dime of IS3S, nor for
one of 1894, unless It be one coined In San
Francisco in that year.
HOME STUDY— V. S.. City. Follow the
instructions that are given with th© les
sons published in The Call's Home Study
and send the work you do at home to the
Home Study, Call ofilce.
WHY SHE-E. V.\. City. TTus depart
ment has made a protracted search for
the origin of "she" as applied to a man
of-war or to any vessel, but it has not
been able to find the origin of why a ship
is called "she."
THE TIVOLI— E. "W., City." The Ttvoll
Gardens were in existence "at the north
west corner of Stockton and Sutter streets
In IS7S, being then kept by Blumberg &
Kreling. In 1577 the same premises- were
kept by J. Kreling. in IS7S at the lame
place by Kreling Bros, and In 1879 the
Tivoli Gardens, by Kreling Bros., were at
28-32 Eddy street, the site of the present
Tivoli Opera House.
BORN IN CHINA— A. O» S.. Purlssima,
Cal. A man born la. China -is a nativa
of that empire, yet ha may not be a
Chinaman as that term Is generally un
derstood. For instance a child born to
white parents'' while either traveling or
while the father was resident '"of that
country with his family and' engaged In
the diplomatic service would be a Chinese
by nationality, but would not be a China
man, for the reason that that term Is
applied only to natives of China of the
Mongolian race*. The Century Dictionary
defines a Chinaman as "a native of China
or a man of Chinese origin."
The all-night privileges granted to Oaklanders by
Judge Ogden are working out in strange develop
ments. One unfortunate, who became convinced that
life was a weary grind, found that all he needed was
a sleep. He took a nap, and has reconsidered his in
tention to kill himself.
:¦ - ---. ¦ - :;¦ ...¦•¦ ¦ ¦¦.-. . •. ¦ . L.
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, ."TITICSOAY, KICHKDAIIV 'JO, 1!K)O.
ease and death is what the German* nrr payinff for
the folly of tropical colonies. Nothing hft» followed
the German flag to those lands except gubsidici taken
from the pockets of the German taxpayer, and noth
ing has welcomed it save pcstilrnce. We arc very
sure to have a similar experience if we be not wise
enough to learn from the Germans. Our people are
not fitted for tropical habitation any more than are
those of Germany, nor, unless we permit the use of
coolie slave labor in the tropics, are we likely to
derive any more profit from them than the Germans
can show for all their efforts and subsidies.
Mayor Phelan is firmly convinced that the owners
of stock in corporations may justly be considered
gamblers. As his Honor is amply provided with
stocks of various kinds this may be taken as the first
definite announcement of his own opinion of himself.
Definite announcement has at last been made of the
first general civil service examinations. It would 'ne
interesting to know how many ante-election pledges
are to figure in the standard of the candidates who
mbmit themselves to the test.
The local police officer who is accused of cowardice
for having retired from a conflict says he simply ran
away to get his second wind. He must think that the
rule* of sprinting constitute an clement of police duty.
A YOUNG BRIDE
Reception at the Presidio
This Evening to Lieu
tenant and Mrs.
A reception will be given this evening *t
the clubrooms of the Presidio Club In
honor of Lieutenant and Mrs. Rogers F.
Gardner. The affair Is in. charge of the
officers of the post and will be in the na
ture of a greeting. to "the young lieutenant
and his charming, wife.
Arthur Bachman, son of S. Bachman,
and Miss Amy Ehrman, daughter of M.
Ehrman, were married last evening at 8
o'clock in the clubrooms of the San Fran
cisco Verein on Post street. Rev. Ur.'
Voorsanger performed the ceremony,
which was witnessed by a large number
of Invited guests.
Mr, and Mrs. Charles Llndermann gave
a- delightful reception on Sunday last at
their home. 2241 Sutter street, compliment
ary/to Moses Marks and bis cbarmlm;
Acquitted of Manslaughter.
James T. Rockwell, engineer of the
Southern Pacific train that ran over and
killed James Whitcomb Rlley a two-year
old boy. near Ocean \ iew February 11.
was acquitted of manslaughter by Judso
Mogan yesterday. The evidence showed
that the boy's death was not due to any
carelessness on the engineer's part.
Dr. Sanf orti's Liver Invijjorator.
The best liver medldna. A vegetabU cur» for
lrver Ills, biliousness, indigestion, constipation. •
THE COST OF TROPICAL COLONIES.
ONLY a short time ago The Call had occasion to
direct attention to reports issued by the Statis
tical Bureau at Berlin, showing the unprofitable
nature of Germany's commercial relations" with her
imperial system of colonies. By the figures given it
appears that during the past year Germany imported
from her colonies goods to the value of 4,617,000
marks and exported goods and silver to the value of
10,149,000 marks, making a total trade for the year of
14,766,000 marks. To attain that trade, however, the
Government paid out of the imperial treasury in sub
sidie.s and bounties to the colonies and protectorates
during the same year the sum of 14,788,000 marks,
making a net loss of 22,000 marks for the operations
of the year.
Later reports on the same subject show the cost of
the German colonies in the tropics to be far greater
than appears in that commercial statement. In a
debate on the subject in the Reichstag last week it
was shown on official reports that famine and sick
ness in German East Africa had devastated that col
ony. In the district of Tanga, for example, within
the year 1890 the population has been diminished
from 123,308 to 61,328, owing to famine, leprosy,
smallpox and typhoid fever. The condition of the
whole colony appears appalling. The trade of this
colony, which is thrice the size of Germany, is mag
nificent, but mostly with British India, while the cost
to Germany is fivefold the whole trade. The reports
from the other colonies are not much better.
It is not surprising to learn the publication of such
statistics has set the Germans to reflecting upon the
profit and toss of tropical colonies. It is pointed out
by the Cologne Yolks Zeitung that the imperial rail
way projects for the colonies now adopted amount
t0 '200,000.000 marks, while, on the other hand, Ger
man trade with the British colonies amounts to 500,
000,000 marks, without entailing a cent of expense.
This terrible experience of cost and waste and dis-
Party Reorganization Needs.
The Call has a long article on party re
organization to the general effect that the
only reorganization the party needs Is to
oust the old leaders and select new ones,
whose character and record shall ¦be t a
guarantee that they will be leaders, not
bosses. Very good, but not quite enough.
What the party needs, above all things. Is
less centralization of organization. Let the
party committees of the several counties
run their own affairs, and let the State
committee be the product of these county
organizations, and it will not make much
difference what sort of leaders San 'Fran
cisco sets up. They can hurt no one but
San Francisco. And, 'for that matter, the
main reorganization the party needi H
spiritual regeneration, and that It has al
ready. So long ns that lasts th* rule of
the bosses is impossible, -r <
Decency Must Stand Guard.
. Niles Herald.
It Is said that "Colonel Dan's" desire to
ncaln attempt to gain a seat In the United
States Benate will "depend upon the com
plexion of the Legislature and the caliber
of the members returned. If this is so It
will stand the decent element in the Re
fmbllcan party to be on guard and see to
t . that only such men are sent to nom
inating conventions this fall as will exact
an Iron-clad pledge from nominees to un
der any and all clrcmstanc.es keep the
archconspirator out of the possibilities.
See to It that the "complexion and cali
ber" of the legislators are such that self
confessed embezzlers and criminals will
not dictate who shall represent the State
In the national councils. .
The Fastest Train Across the Con
The California Limited. Santa F» Root*.
Connecting; trains leave at 5 p. a. Monday.
Wednesday. Friday and Saturday. Finest
equipped train and best track of any lin« to
the Bast. Ticket office. «S Market street.
The residents of the Western Addition have pro
tested to the Board of Education against too much
"home study" for their children. The "independents"
of the di?t<ict have evidently reached the conclusion
that they have learned enough lessons in "reform"
San Francisco to satisfy them for a while.
Add twenty droi>« of Dr. Slegert's Angos-
tura Bitters to rvery glass of Impure watsr ywx
Personally Conducted Excursions
In Improved wide-vestlboled Pullman tmuist
¦leepln* cars via Santa Fe Rout«. Exp«ii-ne«<l
excursion conductors accompany thes« excur
sions to look after the welfare of passengers.
To Chicago and Kansas City eyery Sunday.
Wednesday and Friday. To Boston. Montreal
and Toronto every 'Wednesday. To St. Louis
erery Sunday. To St. Paul every Sunday and
Friday. Ticket office. S2S Market street.
Divorce Suits Filed.
- Suits for divorce have been filed by
Elizabeth Edwards against Harry Ed
wards for cruelty, A. A. •Waltecspeil
against Annie S. Waltenspiel fordesertion.
and Mary A. Doughty -against Charle* E.
Doughty for desertion.
Gulllef s Ip« Cream and Cakes. SOS Larkln st.»
CaL glace fruit 60c per R> at Townsend's.'
6p#clal Information supplied dally to
business houses and public men by ta»
Press Clipping: Bureau (Allen's). 510 Mont-
gomery atreet. Telephone Main 1043. • •
GRAND JURY AND THE PERJURERS
GRAND JURIES have not in recent years per
formed a very notable or vigorous part in the
administration of law in San Francisco. Their
investigations have never been sufficient to do more
than alarm the more timid of wrongdoers, and their
reports, instead of being statements of actions taken,
have been explanations and apologies for the lack of
Over and over again juries have submitted reports
declaring a moral conviction of the existence of va
rious forms of crime and wrongdoing in the com
munity, but alleging an impossibility to obtain evi
dence that would lead to conviction in a court of law.
The present Grand Jury has better luck than its pre
deccisors. It has an opportunity to take steps toward
the prosecution of perjurers, and the evidence to con
vict is ready at hand. Simpton's affidavit that he,
while Justice of the Peace, married James G. Fair
and Mrs. Nettie R. Craven, on the one side, and his
counter affidavit that the first is false, make a clear
case so far as he it concerned. It appears the Grand
Jury has nothing to do but to indict in order to
bring about the conviction of that offender on his
In prosecutions of this kind it is inevitable that one
step sliaJl lead to another. The investigation of Simp
ton's offense will entail the investigation of other
offenses. Simpton claims he made his affidavit con
cerning the marriage for the purpose of trapping
Mrs. Craven, and asserts he was acting at the time
under the advice of his counsel, Sylva. Now Sylva
is an attorney indeed, but one who has been de
barred from the higher courts and forced to confine
his practice to Justice and Police courts. The fact
that tuch a man has been the counsel of Simpton does
not in any way add credibility or respectability to the
client. It serves no other purpose than that of show
ing the Grand Jury in what direction to push further
Simpton lias stated that the Fair lawyers promise. 1
him protection from a prosecution for perjury, and
Sylva has stated that Mrs. Craven entered into a con
tract to pay him $30,000 to procure perjured testi
mony. Here are two other matters to which the
Grand Jury must give attention. By what privilege of
the bar do the attorneys in a case before the courts
assure perjurers of immunity from punishment for
the crime? How is it that an attorney, disbarred, it
is true, but still an attorney, has in his possession
written evidence of an attempt to obtain perjured tes
timony to be used in a suit before the courts, and yet
makes no effort to bring the guilty person to jus
To the general public it matters little which of the
contending parties in this case obtains possession of
the Fair millions. It is a matter, however, of grave
public concern that the subornation of perjury shall
be punished so thoroughly and so drastically that the
practice of it in our courts will be shunned by even
the boldest villains. To that end the prosecutions of
the admitted perjuries in this case should be carried
so far as to bring within the net of the law all the of
fenders who contrived, connived at, aided, abetted
or promised to protect the perjurer in the crime. Be
they rich or be they poor, they should be brought to
.answer in the courts they have attempted to degrad;,
and be judged by the justice they have sought to vio
SETTLERS AND LEASES.
A MOVEMENT against the leasing of grazing
lands on the public domain has been started at
Prineville, Or. At a meeting held there a pro
test was framed, of which a copy has been sent
to The Call
We are entirely in sympathy with the declarations
and avowed purpose of the protest, and would de
cline to give any support to a measure which antag
onized them. The action of the meeting recites: "It
is apparent that under the provisions of the proposed
law leased public lands would be withdrawn from set
tlement, and the existing public land laws of the
United States would be nullified."
An examination of the Foster bill does not support
this statement. The first section of the bill says:
"That such of the vacant public lands, west of the
ninety-ninth meridian of longitude, west from
Greenwich, as, in the judgment of the Secretary' of
Agriculture, are more valuable for grazing than for
other uses, shall be subject to lease for grazing pur
poses." To enact that will not nullify any existing
law, for there is no law under which the arid grazing
lands may be acquired by the actual settler for farm
ing purposes, nor is there any under which such lands
can pass to private ownership in grazing "tracts. A
homesteader on arid lands is compelled by law to.
irrigate and reduce to tillage his tract within a fixed
time. Upon lands in the arid districts that are more
valuable for grazing than other purposes the home
steader cannot do this, for lack of water so placed
that it can be used for irrigation. The grazing lands,
therefore, are not valuable for any other purpose than
grazing, and as that is their sole value they are sub
ject to selection by the Secretary of Agriculture.
The people in the part of Oregon from which this pro
test comes have an object lesson before them. The river
Dcs Chutes country was once the most valuable graz
ing ground in the West. The bunch grass grew there
so luxuriantly that it was cut for hay. But the land
was commons. It was overstocked with cattle. The
forage was exhausted below the point of support for
cattle, and sheep followed, as they do everywhere
upon the appearance of such conditions.
An officer of the Agricultural Department, who has
personally inspected the Western ranges, says: "Ever
since the homestead act was passed in 1862 the agri
cultural settlement of the public lands has extended
rapidly westward, and as a result there now remains
scarcely any public land east of the one hundredth
meridian. West of that line, in the arid and sub
arid regions, the homestead act has proved only a
limited success, the extent of its success coinciding
with the extent of well-watered land in the vicinity
of springs, streams and lakes'. The settler could not
support himself on 160 acres of arid land, and in con
sequence these lands have remained unsettled. Under
the common law, and in the absence of special enact
ments to the contrary, public lands are commons, and
the settlers at once availed themselves of their com
mons rights by turning their stock out to graze on
the lands in question. So profitable was the result,
particularly with cattle, that it was not long before
large companies were formed and millions of cattle
occupied the vacant lands of the arid regions. The
natural grass crop that had previously gone to waste
was now transformed into national wealth. Finally,
however, the cattle became so numerous that there
was not grass enough to support them properly, and
the overgrazing of the arid region began. Then fol
lowed a pushing and crowding for grazing lands. The
sheep-owners crowded the cattle-owners by running
their sheep on the best range, and grazing an area so
closely that cattle had to be removed from the coun
try or starve. .The result of all this has. been bad
feeling, lawlessness and the destruction of life and
We are sure that the people of the Prineville re
gion in Oregon will recognize the correctness of this
description. That part of Oregon is now being eaten
out by sheep, following the decline of the ranges by
overstocking with cattle. The sheep will soon finish
what is left, and will follow up the retreating cattle
upon other ranges, until the destruction of the forage
on the arid grazing lands will be complete. If the Print
ville protest is sincere, if it is really in the interest of
the actual settler, it raises an issue that cannot be
properly made against the Foster bill. If it uses the
settler merely as a pretext for continuing things as
they have been on the ranges, it is not worthy of
The number of cattle in Wyoming declined 50 per
cent and in value $15,632,204 in twelve years, under
the existing system, and the same record applies to
the whole arid grazing region.
If these lands that cannot be homesteaded, that are
not susceptible of agricultural settlement and are of no
value for other purpose than grazing, are not pro
tected and recuperated by a leasehold policy now, in
a short time they will have no value for anything,' and
the beef supply of the country will injuriously and ir
To these considerations we. invite the attention of
the protesting people of Prinevillc, and of all interests
in the arid grazing regions.
F. J. HiM'd. a Ixw Angeles railroad man.
Is staying at the Palace. .
Rev. M. Coleman. a popular clergyman
of Marysvllle. la a guest at the Lick.
Frank J. Carolan came up from Bur
lingame yesterday and Is staying a.t the
Btate Senator Thomas Flint Jr. Is reg
istered at th« Palace from his home la
James E. Bell, a prominent and wealthy
lumberman of Everett, Wash., is a guest
at the Grand.
T. M. Lane, the mining magnate, of
Knights Ferry, is one of the recent arri
vals at the Lick.
R. S. Bodman. a well known railroad
man of Los Angeles, is making a short
stay at the Lick.
Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Baldwin are regis
tered at the Palace from their boms Jri
Santa Clara County.
• Dr. W. W. Watkins, a leading medical
man of Moscow, Ind., is among the ar
rivals of yesterday at the Grand.
Mr. and Mrs. W. W. Dodge of Washing
ton, D. C, are at the Palace. wher» they
arrived yesterday from their home.
R. Lockey, a wealthy land owner and
mining man of Montana, is a guest at the
Palace, where he arrived last evening.
Baron M. A. Papken. a prominent resi
dent of Salt Lake City, is at the Licit,
while on a short visit' to San Francisco.
F. F. Rogers, a wealthy resident of Den
ver, who Is interested In various Colorado
mining properties, 13 a guest at the Pal
ace. -- :':
W. A. Johnson Is staying at the Grand.
Mr. Johnson Is prominently connected
with the management of the Hotel de!
Dr. A. A. Finch, one of the best known
of the medical fraternity of Astoria, Or.,
is registered for a short stay at the Oc
C. E. Bragg of Portland and John W.
Gunn, A. N. Giesy and B. B. Broomell o?
Salem constitute a party of Oregon in
surance men who are in this city, where
they arrived yesterday on business per
taining to their pursuits. . They are at the
THE CANAL TREATIES
THE ratifications of the Clayton-Bulwer treaty
were exchanged on July 4, 1850. The acquisi
tion of California and the extension of our Pa
cific Coast line had brought into prominence the
necessity of a ship canal across the isthmus. John
M. Clayton, Secretary of State, was named by the
Taylor administration to negotiate with Grtat Britain
"a convention relative to a ship canal by way uf
Nicaragua, Costa Rica, the Mosquito coast or any
part of Central America." In the negotiation Great
Britain was represented by Sir Henry Lytton-Bulwer.'
The ratifications were exchanged six days before Mil
lard Fillmore became President by the death of Tay
lor. The- treaty provides that: "The Governments of
the United States and Great Britain hereby declare
that neither the one nor the other will ever obtain or
maintain for itself any exclusive control over the said
ship canal, agreeing that neither will ever erect or
maintain any fortification commanding the same, or
in the vicinity thereof, or occupy, or fortify, or colo
nize, or assume or exercise any dominion over
Nicaragua, Costa Rica, the Mosquito coast or any
part of Central America."
It was further agreed that when such ship canal is
constructed the United States and Great Britain "will
guarantee the neutrality thereof." We believe there is
no evidence that that treaty has ever been abrogated,
either affirmatively or by implication. It was desired
by the United States, because Great Britain was at
that time the only nation that could expect to succeed
in constructing a canal across the isthmus. Not long
after it was made some steps were taken by our Gov
ernment preliminary to construction. Lieutenant
Strain was sent to make a survey, and accomplished
an exploration, with many interesting adventures.
At the close of President Arthur's administration a
treaty was made by Secretary Frelinghuysen between
the United States and the Governments of Costa
Rica and Nicaragua, which gave to us sovereignty
and dominion of the canal line. Such abandonment
of their own sovereignty, however, was not made by
those Governments without a price. They exacted
that the United States should at all times defend and
maintain their territorial integrity!
This treaty of course violated the Clayton -Bulwer
convention, for it assumed dominion. President
Cleveland withdrew it from the Senate immediately
after his inauguration in 1885, and in his first regular
message referred to it in these terms: "I am unable
to recommend propositions involving paramount
privileges of ownership or right outside of our own
territory, when coupled with absolute and unlimited
engagements to defend the territorial integrity of the
state where such interests lie. * * * The lapse of
years has abundantly confirmed the wisdom and fore
sight of those earlier administrations which, long be
fore the conditions of maritime intercourse were
changed and enlarged by the progress of the age, pro
claimed the vital need of interoceanic transit across
the American isthmus and consecrated it in advance
to the common use of mankind by their positive
declarations, and through the formal obligations of
treaties." In this he undoubtedly recognized the
Clayton-Bulwer treaty as in force, and the Freling
huysen treaty as in violation of it. In his message,
arguing the necessity of a neutral canal, he quotes
Cass in 1858: "What the United States want in Cen
tral America, next to the happiness of its people, is
the security and neutrality of the interoceanic routes
which lead through it."
The whole record of the subject reveals this desire
for a neutrality which cannot exist over a fortified
The nation must regard honorably its treaty obli
gations, and that those assumed in the Clayton-
Bulwer treaty still exist seems indisputable. But sup
pose they do not. Even then we cannot fortify the
canal, and establish over it a garrison police, and a
military patrol of Lake Nicaragua or Managua, .with
out the consent of Nicaragua and Costa Rica. They
are in the family of nations, and, being jealous of
their sovereignty, will not surrender it without an
Are the opponents of the Hay-Pauncefote treaty
prepared to support such a convention as the Freling
huysen treaty, by which we assume the responsibility
of their military defense against all comers, and re
serve no ripht to limit or control the cause of quar
rels in' which they may engage? It is readily seen
that, assured of defense by the United States, they
have nothing to lose by truculence and recklessness,
and their broils would never end, nor would the ex
pense of their defense in every quarrel, furnished at
This Government can abrogate the treaty with
England, and it is probable, as has been said in Lon
don, that England would not object, but the dangers,
difficulties and cost come after such action. Who is
willing to take the responsibility of assuming them?
SERPENTINE BOAT TO
BREAK OCEAN RECORD
Craft to Run JLike a Screw, and Is Expected
to Go a Mile a Minute and Cross the
Atlantic in Three Days.
JAMES GRESHAM of Brooklyn Is preparing: to build the first of his serpentine
boats for the syndicate headed by W. J. ArkelL
¦It Is expected that this type of boat will cross the ocean In less than three
days, drlvlnjj Itself like a screw through the water at the rate of sixty miles
an hour, and It Is the Intention of the syndicate to try to procure the contract
for carrying the trans-AtlantJc malls. Mr. Gresham Believes his boat, which Is to
be built at Newport News, will be ready for her trial spin In about six months.
The Gresham boat will probably be the strangest looking craft that ever sailed
the seas. It will look more like a sea serpent than anything else, with a body
like an elongated Rugby football and a prow and stern curving up Into the air
like the ends of an ancient galley. Around the body will be the big spiral fianga
which Is to give to It Its forward motion as the outer shell of the ship revolves
HOW THE QUEER CRAFT WILL BE BUILT.
The boat will consist of two sections, one within the other. The "Inner shell
will be shaped like a cigar, round in the middle and tapering to a point at each
end. A round tube will extend from It fore and aft, turning upwartt and outward
like a swan's neck. It will terminate in an open mouth, which wlll.be the venti
lator of the ship. Around the neck will be a gallery. This will be the deck of
tho ship, the only open place in the whole vessel. The after gallery will be used
for the wheelhouse and the forward balcony for the bridge.
This inner hull will be swung like a hammock In the outer shell, which com
pletely envelops It, letting only the bow and stern protrude. It rests on ball
bearings, which, Mr. Gresham says, reduce the friction to almost nothing.
All the machinery is stowed In the bottom of the inner hull, so as to balance
It and keep it stationary. Penetrating the lower section of the hull is a revolv
ing shaft, which Is geared to the outer hull. By revolving this shaft the outer
ehell is spun around the inner hull.
Around the outer hull is wound the great steel flange, which Is th© main prin
ciple of the device.
HOW IT WILL GET ITS GREAT SPEED.
"This Is the great Archimedean screw," said Mr. Gresham to me yesterday.
"Archimedes said that If he had room for a fulcrum he could lift the earth.
Well, in this case we make the water our fulcrum. The hull of the boat, oper
ated from within, revolves, and the. flange drives the vessel forward. I should
say that the speed of such a boat is limited only by the strength of the material
used In Its construction.
. "The boat we Intend to build will be BO feet long, 11 feet in diameter in the
middle, will weight about 11V& tons, and have a displacement of less than four
tons. It will be built of fine steel, and the flange will be 11 Inches wide at Its
"Three revolutions would drive the boat Its own length. We would probably
run her at one hundred revolutions a minute, although I believe we could make
four hundred turns. But at one hundred she would be making a speed of sixty
miles an hour and would cross the Atlantic In less than three days."
Mr. Gresham will not disclose the nature of the power he win use in turning;
the vessel. He says It is a secret power of his own discovery.— New York Herald.
flnnc**. Mlm MIHIp Koehman. About fifty
people m*t th»* happy young couple and
upent a delightful evrninic.
LAY ON, MACDUFF.
"I named my youngest daughter Macduff."
"Because I want her to lay on."
TUE5DAY...........: FEBRUARY 20, 1900
JOHN D. SPRECKELS. Proprietor:
Address A!i Communications to W. S. LEAKE. Manager^
I'IOLICITIOK OFFlCE.. Wsirlcct and Third. S. F.
i>u*kM« w«in men.
•EDITORIAL. K00M5....217 to 221 B<fT*nios St.
Trlrskoae Mala 1*74.
Delivered by C«rri#*r«, 15 Cent* P«-r W>«>lc.
fetnsrle Copies. Q Cents.
Term* by Ma.ll. Including Pontagei
IJAII > CALL, dnrludlnc Suaday). one xear.,»6.00
IMII.> CALL (lncladlur Sunday). 6 niontbs. . 3.00
DAILY CALL (Including: Ssnday). 3 months.. 1.00
I>AIL¥ CALL. — By t> lntel*- Month CSc
!-i Mia) CALL One Vrar J .r,o
WICICIvLV CALL One Year 1.00
All iivtiui«*irri sire authorised to recelv«
m « l» » oi-J ptluua.
fracuple ooplei will be forwarded vrhen reqoetted
OAKJ.AMJ OFFICE 1118 Broadvray
C. GI2OIIVK KROCN'ESS.
B«s>gtr J «rfltn Ad»«rtUinp. M«r«Brll« Hnlld
KKW YORK COKRESPOJCDESTi
C. C CAJtLTOft IleraJd Saoare
CHICAGO Mi US >TA.M)4i
fcherman Uounei P. O. A'evr> Co.i Great JTortb.
•«u Uuirl; Frruont U«o*r| Auditorium Hotel.
KEW YORK KEYVS 6TABTDS«
VV»ld«rt-A»i</ii* Iluii-li A. Brentano, 81 Union
Csasrci Murray Hill lioteL.
BTBW YORK REPRESENTATIVE!
Jl-Jt.li > 1.l lilies JK 29 Trlbnao Bufldlair
UiSMJSoHjS (1). C.) OFFlCE.. Welllnsrton Hotel
J. F. EAULISU, Correspondent.
GHAKrn OFFICES— -62T Montsromery. corner of
Clay, open noill Bi3O a'clock. 300 Ilayea,
• pen until W:3O o'clock. 413U McAllister, open
until :>.:',<t o'clock. «Jl6 Larkla, open until
!<:.'.'» o'clock. IU4I Mission, open en til JO
o'clock. 22<il Market, corner Sixteenth, open
nntll U o'clock. XQitH Valencia, open until O
o'clock. lOC Eleventh, open until O o'clock.
SW. corner Ttventy-aecond and Kentucky,
open until 9 o'clock.
Oryhenm — VaudevlUa.
Tivoli— "Th* Idol's Eye."
Grand Oixra-b-juse — "Aia££ln Jr."
California— "Who Xj Who?"
Aifcambra— J^ffne6-Sfcarker Coolest Picture*.
Columbia— "The Serenade."
Alcazar— "The Prodigal Father."
Chutes, Zou and Theater— Vaudeville every afteroooa and
O:ymj/!a. corner ©f Maaon and Eddy etreets— Specialties.
\V«-*t*rn Turf Association— Rac»« to-<Uy.
My Kcsr York Auotlon Co. — Tfcls d&y, tt 11 o'clock. Govern-
U-f i i suri'lie*. at £16 Washington street.
By VVm. G. I^yng— ThU evening, at 8 o'clock, rac* horses,
bt 7;l Howard urett.
liy U Seh&Wer— ThU day, at t o'clock, at SOS Waablogton
etrtet, Oaklai:4, Imported rugs.
SAVE GOLD— Kroeb Mfß. Co.. J Stevenson
it. Amalgamators. Sand Centrifugal Pomps.
MOORE Improved Gold Separator St Rotary
Amalgamator on exhibition. «3 Stevenson su
BEACH GOLD CONCENTRATOR.
EAVES All the Gold by gravitation. No qulck-
,llver. Hand or power. In operation 14 Bpcf .
Call and see tne lightest, cheapest, special Cap*
Nome steam engine; working parts completely
inclosed; |oa to $255 for 1 to 20 horsepower;
weights 90 to 1400: one operating at TUX E.V.
OINEERING AN'b SUPPLY CO.. 619 Howard.
HERCULES GAS KNGTNE WORKS U flTUn*
large numbers of orders for Norn*. 141-11)
First st.. S. F.
LUBRICATING Oil. Cruds Oil and Gasoline
ENSIGN & McGCFFICK. U Spear St.. 8. V.
SAND CENTRIFUOAL PU.WPS.
Lift GoU-Bearlng Sands perfectly. In op«rm-
tlon at Cg Sixth st. BYRON JACKSON.
MARSH STEAM PUMPS
Supply .fresh or salt water for sluic* boxes-
high or low lifts. Slnonds. a Market st.
ENGINES. BOILERS. ETC.
BAKER £ HAMILTON. Engines and Botlars-
lowest prices en th« coast. Pin* A Davis staT
HENSHAW.BL'CKUTACO.Piim r .tn..m. M
Ga**lln« Engines. Boilers, it aad 23 Fremont.
J TENTS AND COVERS. "
NEVILLE It CO.. manufacturers, ban, tenUL
covers. Jl and 33 CaUf omliTst
xml | txt