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Shriners' Night at Techau Tavern.
The public will please take notice that on Wednesday evening. February a. IDOO. Techau Tavern will be closed to the gen eral public after 8 o'clock, the entire build- Ing being reserved by the Mystic Shrine for their after-theater banquet and ball. • He Wants a Divorce. Robert. A. Stltt has sued Mary E. Stltt for : a divorce. -alleging cruelty as cause of action. . Identified the Books. The trial of Thomas A. Burns, John J. O'Brien and Edward D. Swift, charged with defrauding the city of School De partment lumber contracts, was continued before Judge Cook yesterday. William W. Wells, W. E. Cunary. John H. Han *en, T. A. Burns, the defendant. Dr. G. I. Drucker, R. P. Hoole and R. H. Webster were on the stand during the day. The testimony of all of the witnesses went to establish the Identity of books, the fig ures In which are relied upon to obtain the conviction of the defendants. The books were Identified and to-day the work of connecting the defendants with the al leged frauds will begin. ages and attorney's fees, but primarily for the purpose of testing the validity of the ordinance. • OF INTEREST TO THE COAST. Patents, Pensions, Postoffice Changes and Army Orders. Special Dispatch f The Call. WASHINGTON, Feb. 20.— Pacific Coast patents were granted to-day as follows: California— Peter- Beanston, San Francisco, assignor to G. R. Fletcher, crematory carriage; Alexander G. Carter, Fresno, clow; James L. C*cll, Los Angeles, machine for digging pota toes: Hugh C. Davey. CalUtoga. quicksilver furnace; Frank B. tHjffy, Low Angeles, Incan descent vapor burner; Lester R. Leland. Los Angles, acetylene gas generator; Coby Loren zpn, Oakland, protector against steam for ket tles; Charles T. Meredith. San Diego, educa tional chart: Lewis H. Mertz. Lcs Angeles, telephone directory: John O. Miller. San Fran cisco, fare register; James H. Northrop, Tus tin, roving stop motion for spinning frames; Cnlvln Osrburn. Riverside, acetylene gas gen erator: Jnrnes L. Patterson, Madera, and G. T. Hill. Mer<vd. feeder for threshing machines; Alfred J. Salisbury, Los Angeles, pump piston; George F. Sculer and M. Granat. Stockton, acttylen* gas generator; James R. Thame, Hol oomb Vali-y. fiber pulley. Oregon— Ll2i!e M. Adams, Portland, ward robe. WHfhlnglon— Edward R. Gould. Spokane, shirt; William McCaffrey. Tyler, railway switch stand. Q. H. McLean was to-day ' appointed Postmaster at Julian, San Diego County, vice S. L. Harrett, resigned: also C. L. Wallace at Keyes, Kern County, vice G. M. Hell, resigned. Army orders: By direction of the Secre tary of War the following acting assistant surgeons of the United Spates army will proceed to San Francisco and report In person to the commanding general of the Department of California for duty: Palmer Hi Lyon, New York City: Charles Roemelt, Elmira. • : f Pensions— California: Original— Charles Peter son. San Francisco. J8; Lorenzo D. Jared, Es tella. S3; Daniel E. Nichols, Fresno, J«; John A. 'Martin, San Francisco, $6: John Schout. San Francisco, $6. Increase— Richmond Rating, Lln don, $0 to III; Perry M.' Johnson. Rohnervllle, IC to $12: Orange S. Caullfield. San Diego, JIS to f4. Mexican war survivors. Increase—Rob ert Fitzgerald Williams, Veterans' Horn» Xarn, ?S to $12. Oregon: Increase— Joslah Martin, Oregon City. ?6 to ? 14. Washington: Increase — Daniel I* Druse North Yakima, $8 to $10. . Will Contest Commenced. Special Dispatch to The Call. WOODLAND, Feb. 20.— A will contest was commenced in the Superior Court to day. A few months ago W. E. Kelthly died,. leaving all his property to his young widow. Mrs. Bernice Kelthly. His mother/Mrs. A. Keithly, has brought suit to annul the will on the ground that he was unduly influenced and not in his light mind when he executed the same. The trial is likely to develop some sensational features. * Will Prohibit Bookmaking. Special Dispatch to The Call. . WOODLAND, Feb. 20.— The directors of the District Agricultural Association have decided to prohibit bookmaking at the race meeting to be held In August, for the reason that they believe. U to be detri mental t#o district fairs. INSURGENT TO BE TRIED FOR MURDER Guerrillas Are Classed Now as.Bardits. MANILA. Feb. 20.— A military com mission will meet at Cnlamba to-morrow to try a Filipino member of the guerrilla band which attacked a squad of Ameri cans on February 2. killing a corporal. The charges are murder and assault with intent to kill.- The case is important as foreshadowing the policy of trentin« guerrillas as bandits. It .is supposed that one reason which hns hitherto deterred the American authorities from adopting this policy is that the Insurgents have more-t-han fifty American prisoners and may retaliate. - although only a few of them were captured while flghtlng. WASHINGTON, Feb. 20.— Judpe Taft. president of the Philippine Commission, had a lons conference with Secretary Root at the War Department to-day in regard to the proposed work of the com mission. It Is expected the commission will be completely organized In the near future and that it will start for Manila about April 1. Only two members of the commission have been appointed so far, viz; Judge Taft and Professor Worcester of the original commission. Colonel Den by of the old commission, who was In vited to c-erve on the new commission, hns declined the offer. As the commis sion will concist of five members it re mains for the President to appoint three others. General Otis to-day cabled the War Department the following list of casual ties: ¦¦¦."•«-• ;.v MANILA. Frb. 19.— Deaths^- Malarial fever, January 2. j Arlington Mayse, Company H, Twenty-second Infantry: February 10, Willis McMartln, corporal Company G, Forty-fifth In fantry; February 12. Azarlan Harron. Company K. Thirty-eighth Infantry; drowned. January 15, Albert Jay L. Perry. Company A. Thirty second Infantry, bathing in Rio Grande Flor ida Blanco; February 14, John Magnusen, band Thirty-fourth Infantry, bathing Rio Grande Ca banatuan. : iAicon; February 15, Jbsoph F. Carnes, Company F, Thirty-fourth Infantry; Rio A*?no. near San Nicholas, accidental; Feb ruary 9, Daniel P. Jenkins, Company M. Twen ty-second Infantry, grunshot; January 20. Wil liam Crawford, corporal Company X, Twenty elxth Infantry. Angeles, Luzon, fell on dagger worn by him; gunshot In action, January 27, Amos O'Neill. Company F, Thirty-ninth In fantry: heat iwsTatlon. February 9, Frederick Uegweln, Company H, Twenty-seventh Infan try; pneumonia. February 11, John P. Hill. Company C, : Twenty-ninth .Infantry; variola, February 5, Porter McGuyer. Company D,""For ty-fourth Infantry: February 12. Cyrus E. Brlt tay. Company A. Thirty-sixth Infantry; dysen tery, February 14. Andrew Andersen. Company H, Thirty-fifth Infantry; Carl Nessel, Company C. Fourth Cavalry; typhoid, February 16. Clar ence Van Border, corporal Company B, Thirty seventh Infantry. try with his life. You know how well he has ke^t his promise. Cloverilule has a brilliant future before It •In another line. For several months you have seen surveyors in your vicinity seeking; the moet convenient passare to extend your rail roud to the forests near the coast. I have no doubt that through the enterprise and energy of Mr. Foster, the model railroad president of California, and his able directors the road will soon be extended far north, perhaps to con nect with a new transcontinental line. An excursion rate of one fare for thu round trip has been arranged from San Francisco, poing and returning: durinp the fair. Sonoma County day, which w'U be on the 22d. will undoubtedly be the big day of the fair. There will be present that day the California Glee Club and Mando lin Club, under the name of the "Califor nia Entertainers." composed of fifty mu sicians and comedians. Besides this there will be the Petnluma band, as well as the local and Healdsburg bands. Exhibit at the Cloverdale Citrus Fair. ADVEBTISEMSNTS. gSQEBBBHEBHBBDSfInBBaBB I Free Tickets i B TO THE H I Orpheum! I H Q 2 BUY TOUR W gb a a D H mtt — mi B SAVE TOUR WRAPPERS AND B GET FREE TICKETb TO THD W E ORPHKL'M. pj E fcj J Tbe JohnsoiHLocke g g Mercantile Co., | B 204 FRONT STREET, § |! BAN FRANCISCO, H Will Exchange for I>«nox and Ivory (a »-j Boap Wrappers ¦• M FREE TICKETS TO THE ORPHEUM H 5 UNDER THE FiM.TA>\VINO CON- W X DITIONS: fc3 E If You Want a 25c Reserved Seal £¦ D Send 25 Wrappers of LENOX SOAP M Eg Or U Wrappers of IVORY SOAP « m Or eiee send U Wrappers of LENOX 2 S: EOAP and < Wrappers of IVORY SOAP £» H If You Want a EOe R-servpd Seat E3 B Send 53 Wrappers of LENOX BOAP |S CJ Or 24 Wrappers Of IVORY POAP. ri m Or etse send 25 Wrappers of LENOX n 2 SOAP ar.d 12 Wrappers of IVORY SOAP » CBBBSEBBBCBBSaBBSSBEBa DEATH OF A NOTED PAINTER OF ANIMALS William H. Beard, a Member of tlra Academy, Succumbs to 'Apoplexy. NEW YORK. Feb. 20.— William H. P-card, the artist, died at 11:57 o'clock to right. Mr. Beard'? death was due to apoplexy. He had been ill since Januarj £7. His condition changed for the worse yesterday and he was unconscious for a considerable time before hie death. William H. Beard was famous as a painter of animal?. He was born at Palnesville. Ohio, in IS2J. He began his professional career about l£4t>. Ten years later lie studied and painted in Europe. His wife was the daughter of Thomas Le Claire, the portrait painter. He was elected a member cf the Academy in 1562. preme Being? Says the Incarnate Lord . mi, erro: I am the origin and end Of all this changeful universe. Th*re la, O hero, naught b«yondl For all ia strung on Me atone. As the beads upon the thread. I am the freshness of the waters. The splendor of the iun and moon. The essence of the holy writ. The sound of sounds, the man In m«n. I am the life of life. O prince. All true devotion's centered power. All beings' seed am I. the strength. The wisdom of the strong and wise! And how, then, are mortals to know him? Says again the divine teacher (xll. 6(1): Lo, those who worship 'Me alone, « Committing all their acts -to Me. Regarding Me their aim and end. And thinking above all of Me, Their hearts. O prince, do dwell in Me, And I to them shall b«, forsooth. A savior from the ¦urtrinx flood Of death and migratory ut*. Thus the who<e teaching of the Bhaga vad-Gltd. Is to fix our soul upon the Lord, to the exclusion of all things tending to draw us from him. Not that we should neglect our duties in life, but that these should be sanctified by recognizing all blessings as faint rays of him "who is the life of life, the splendor of the sun and moon." Our of Brahrranlsm grew Buddhism aa a reformed faith. Ita tenets were ex pressed In Pali, a slater dialect of San skrit. The sweetness of many of its teachings may be Inferred from a few quotations of the words attributed to Buddha himself in one of the canons of I3ud<3hiam. the Dhammapaden "Virtue's Way," translated by Max Muller. "Sacred Books of the East'): Hatred is never conquered by hatred; hatred Is conquered by love. • % Let man overcome anjer by love, let him overcome evil by good; let him overcome the greedy by liberality, the liar by truth. As the vaasika plant sheds Its withered flow ers, men should shed passion and hatred. Him I call indeed a pious man who is tol erant with the intolerant, mild with fault finders and free from passion among the pas sionate. If a man conquer In battle a thousand tiir»'» thousand men. and If another conquer iiimself. he is the greatest of the conquerors. But Hindu literature, though largely re ligious and philosophical, is &J3O ia no small degree secular, even if then usually permeated by religious conceptions. The lllnda possesses at least two gTeat epics, of which one. the Mahabharata ("the great Bharata War") Is the moat famous. Thla huge epic of about 200.000 verse-llnea describes the contest between two royal families, both descendants of Bharata. But being the production not of one man but of sucessive ages, the chief narrative, probably rooted in a simpler one of his torical foundation, la Interwoven with nu meious unalien episodes, breaking the chain of events and filling by far the larger part of the epic. Lvrlc poetry also found rich expression in Sanskrit. Among larger lyric poems of recognized worth, the most celebrated is MegbaDuta ("The Cloud Messenger." translated by H. W. Wilson, London. 1814). This poem, composed by the great dramatist Kalidasa, who is supposed to have lived in the early part of the sixth century. A. D.. is really overcharged with striking poetic imagery. Strange us it may seem. India la yet more famed for its dramatic than for Its lyric and epic poetry. Among the dra matic poets Kalldasa, the author of "The Cloud Messenger," stands foremost, and "Shakuntala," the gem of Indian dramatic composition, and one of the great world poems. Is his masterpiece. . When llrat made known to Europe more than a century ago It was hailed with expressions of unreserved admira tion by the foremost literary men. Hum boldt said that "Tenderness In the expres sion of feelings and richness In creative fancy have assigned Kalidasa his lofty place among all poets of all nations." Only some salient works of the Sanskrit literature have been touched upon In this necessarily brief sketch. They may suf fice, however, to show that this literature, among much that is valueless from an esthetic point of view, also contains works of no small merit. It may be true that even the best Hindu poetry contains elements that are at times offensive to our esthetical taste; gorgeous colorings to the neglect of finer shades, grotesque leaps of Imagination and supernatural in vention. But. after all. no literary work of a remote time or a foreign civilization can be appreciated without that degree of general literary culture and broadness of spirit which will enable us to discover real beauty even through the veil of un familiar ideas and associations. It may be true also that our superior culture pro vides for poetic forms that were beyond the Hindu. As our knowledge ripens into a better understanding of the secrets of nature, of society and of religion, not only our store of words but all kinds of ex pression are wonderfully enriched. How could the ancient Hindu, with his limi tations, have framed a figure like Long fellow's "The clock kept time with the revolving spheres." or Colerldge'a "There are errors which no wise man will treat with rudeness while there Is a possibility that they may be the refraction of some great truth below the horizon?" But where poetic expressions are suggested by a more Immediate observation, by first Impressions from external forms and or dinary human conditions, the Indian muse is. in her better moods, nowise unworthy of her Western sister, besides having a peculiar charm of her own. Perhaps In all the wide world's literature there Is not a womanly character more charming for pure, delicate tenderness and devotion than are Damayanti and Shakuntala. COURSES OF INSTRUCTION. :'. I Spring Term, 1000. Mondays — American Political Par ties. Tuesdays — Twenty Lessons in French Conversation and Recent Sci entific Discoveries. Wednesdays and Thursdays — Golden Ages of Literature. Fridays — Photography for Ama teurs. Saturdays — Biographical Studies for ' Girls. These courses will continue until June 7. 1900. Examinations will be held af their close as a basis for tha granting of certificates. A LITERATURE 4000 YEARS OLD. Copyright, 1900, by Seymour Eaton. AUSPICIOUS OPENING OF CLOVERD ALE'S CITRUS FAIR ADVERTISEMENTS. vsfeo have been relieved of painful menstruation by Lyilia E m Pinkham's Vege- tztle Gontpoundf are con- stantly writing grateful letters to Mrs, Plnkham, I'-y-ii* E. Pinkh^n's Vegetable Compound I cured them. It always relieves painful periods and no woman who suf- fers should be without this knowledge. If early all the ills of women result from some dorangemont of the female organism, Mrs, Pinkham's great medi- cine makes women healthy / of this there is overwhelming proof. Don't experiment. If you suffer get this medi- cine and got Mrs, Pink- ham's free advice. Her address is Lynn, Mass, AMUSEMENTS. Tl;'.ri sr.ii T*Ft Week, the Famous BOSTONIANS. TO-NIOHT em SATT'RDAT NIGHT anJ j S=ATT"RI>AY MATINEE. "ROBIN HOOD.", 1 THURSDAY AND FRIDAY. "THE SERENADE." Be£. NEXTMGNDAY, DENMAN THOMPSON; And an Entirely N*"w- Production at THE OLD HOMESTEAD, VC'TE-Mr. Thompfin will positively anpe-r ; AcrttSS lh:s ;nga?»ni'nt <fnr the first time j her'- in ov»r twelve yenrsi, presenting his ortg- | i:ial creation cf Joshua Whitcomb. A BLIZ7.ARI> WOCXD NOT EFFECT THE TKEMENIiOUS CBOH'DS THAT AXE ! COMING IN TO SEE WHO IS WHO. IM LAfGHS IN 130 MINUTES. sfecialT UAXOiZB TO-MOIUtOW. WASHINGTON'S BIRTHDAY. Reserved Spats. 2r<- and ZOc. PEATS NOW ON PAKE FOR "THE EILKNCE '>F I>F.AN MAITLANP." ] Sunday afternoon next. &t 2:15. the Eminent ' ATr. H. R. ROBERTS, and MISS MAOOIK "< 'ORE and her Australian Company. ALCAZAR THEATER. TONIGHT w^K ENTmE MORE FUN THAN EVER. THE PRODIGAL FATHER I nmmfflmiM'f EXTRA MATINEE THURSDAY, WASHINGTON'S BIRTHDAY. 15c, 25c R ||^f D 35c, 50c. Ne« Week— "THE NEW safc-'TH." "HOOT MON, THEILASSIES LOVE ME!" 43d PERFORMANCE TO-NIGHT Of the Cyclonic Suece»», Evening at 8. Matine* Saturday at 2. Grand Holiday Matinee Thurfday POPULAR PRICES— 2Fc and 50c. Telephone Bush 9. <TIIE PEOPLE'S POPULAR PLAT HOUSE.) PHONE SOUTH 770. LAST TIME? THIS WEEK. Utandins Room at Ev*ry Performance. EVEfI V EVENINO AT B:IS. MATINEE DAILY AT 2ilS. TH.PP.. JEFFRIES- THEEEA SHARKEY CONTEST PICTURES. VEXT SUNDAY AFTERNOON and NIGHT. LAST PERFORMANCES. Th!» Thf<tt<*r will remain c!.«««v1 for two week* c.-inuTKT.ciwt Monday. Ffbruary M. to ajlo'*- for KTrtH-IVT Stace Improvements. NEXT— "HAVE YOU SEEN SMITH?" OLYMFJA c E o D f.%ni,' THE ONLT FKEE VAUDEVILLE SHOW IN THE CITY. ENGAGEMENT EXTRAORDINARY. TRIXEDA, Thu Creatett Beauty on the Vanderill* £tar«. MLLE. THELMA, la New reset riast!<jue. Tbe Famous DE MEIR SISTERS, AND A HOST OF OTHERS. ADMISSION FREB. MATINEE EVERY SUNDAY. . ! AMATEUR NIGHT EVERY FRIDAY. JVEW WE«TER.>I MOTEL. KEARNY ANL> WASHINGTON JJTb.— RE- : modeled and renovated. KING. WARD A , CO. European plan. Roomo. £0c to .1 10 day, Uto Ji week: Ik lv CO month. Free bat hi; hot 1 and cold umiT every room: lire grates In every roooi; elevator run* all night. THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY^ 21, 1900. HOT WATER TO THAW DYNAMITE Fatal Explosion Occurs at Cheyenne. DENVER. Feb. 20.— A special to thi Re publican from Cheyenne. Wyo., say*: A fatal dynamite explosion occurred in the t'nion Pacific gravel pits, thirty miles west of Cheyenne, at noon to-day. The dead ere: JOHN BOULANGEZ, laborer, disem bowel fd. ROBERT PARKER, labcrcr. both legs blown off: died shortly after explosJ.vn. The injured: George Parfrcv. legs shat tered, eku'il crushed, will die: Phil Forpan. legs mangled and hack injured, may re cover; James KOwards, neck badly lacer ated, will probably recover. ' . • • The live men were employed in the bl.iFt lng of rock at the gravel pits, and whiie thawing frozen dynamite with hot water the explosion occurred. The laborers v.'ere blown from th» pits and a considerable dis=t3nce away trom the track. A numb* r of ether men vho were at work sorno dis tance away were knocked rensel^ss by the concussion and slightly injured by fly ing pieces of rock. ihe accident was at once reported to headquarters and surgeons sort from Laramie to care for the Injured, who with the dead were picked up in the meanlim«, carried on board a spatial train and start rd for Laramie. The railroad property was damaped tut slightly. Poundmaster Sued. Special Dispatch to The Call. WOODLAND, Feb. 20.— A few months ago 'the Supervisors passed, a pound ordi nance to prevent stock from running, at large and apolnted George Tobias pound master. H. P. Eakle has brought suit for the recovery of ten head of cattle,, dam- , Madame Martin of the City of Paris mil- linery department has Just returned from Paris and New York with a complete Hue of novelties In millinery. • Quality Merits Reward. The output of the Anbenster-Busch Bnswtn^ Association of St. Loul*. Mo., for 1130 was the largest In the history of that great establish ment. The fiscal reports of the Internal Rev enue Department show a d«cr*as« of 912, KM barrels In the consumption of be«r against the preceding fiscal year, which may. In a meas ure, be attributed to the war tax of SI.OO per barrel Imposed on July 1. IS9S. The output of the Anheuser-Busch Brewing Association be ing the largest In the world, should nnturalty have ihown the greatest loss; yet thair sales for the fiscal year Just ended exceed those of any previous year In the history of the asso ciation. Their sales of bottled beer alona have In creased 10 4-10 per cent, which U conclusive evidence that a good article finds a good mar ket among an appreciative public. And tha: "quality merits reward." famous Italian-Swiss Agricultural Colony. Be fore eelectlne the -land I Joined a committee of the board of directors and we txamlned o*er fifty different pieces of property, visit- Ing all parts of the State from Los Angeles en the south to Yolo County on the north, and the committee finally unanimously decided to make its purchayc four miles south of this town. The remarkable success of the colony und the well filled school now occupied by children horn on the promises proves the place to have been most favorable both as to the production of the soil an-1 the raising cf fami lies. It swmi that the pure air of Cloverdale has anctl'er virtue— that of producing hcrops. Two years Ago I. had the honor of representing one of the c.-mm^rcinl Indies of San Francisco which Dror»nted to the First California Regi ment at th»» I'rfsldlo n beautiful American flag. The v*rson who received the emblem of our country was Colonel Smith of Cloverdale. He thanked us for the presentation to his regi ment of that emblem of liberty and assured us that he would defend the flag of our coun- CLOVERDALE, Feb. 20.— Claverdule's annual citrus fair opened auspicious ly to-day. For an opening day there was a fair attendance. The exhibit"? have not all been placed, but there lb, a goodly array of Sonoma's choicest fruits, and when all the displays shall have brten completed the exhibition will far surpass any previous citrus fair in Sonoma County. This evening there were ceremonies formally opening the fair. One of the speakers was A. Sbarboro, who in the course of his address said: Old Sonoma county was one of the first set tled by civilized people In this State. Since the raising of the liear flag the county has made steady progress, and to-day It Is the banner county of the State for the produc tion of wine, hops, hay, poultry- and other pmductß. About twenty years ago I organized the now GOLDEN AGES OF LPERATURE 11. LITERATTJBE OF INDIA. BY A. H. EDGREX, PH. D. ' * (University of Nebraska.) India, rich and sunny India, has tcr ages been the tattle ground of raors an«l the home of deep religious meditation^ and literary activity. It was once occupied entirely by that dark-hued race which yet makes up the bulk of Its population, especially In the Bouth, where this race has even preserved Its language. But about 4COO or 5000 years ago— seme claim much earlier— a llsht complexloned race penetrated Into the peninsula from the north, gradually sub duing and forcing ita language upon the ancient Inhabitants. That language is yet preserved in the early hymns sung t>j' the Invaders when, occupying the river basin of the Indus and In many later monuments of a growing literature. Its «arly name, possibly, was Aria, although this Is not certain. But when one of its dialects, coming to be the recognized idiom of the higher classes and the vehicle of literary composition, was brought under deili.ke rules that idiom was called Sanskrit (sara- Fkritft. perfect, holy) as distinguished from the other so-called Prakrit dialects (prakrita, common). It continued to be the living Langi'age for many centuries, until finally it was superseded by popular j dialects. But It has never yielded its «r*vay j as the language of learned intercourse in India, being yet used as such. j Sanskrit le of especial Interest to us for j three reasons. In the first place it belongs to that large family of languages, ordinar ily called the Aryan or Indo-European, which is spoken from India through al most entire Persia, Armenia, Europe and America, being thus akin to our own. in the second place, representing by fat the earliest phase of any Aryan dialect, it re veals on the whole more"'fa!thfillly than any of them that early growth of the Ar yan language by composition and internal j change which has later been gradually obscured and obliterated, not, indeed, by | a process of decay, as some prefer to call It. but by a process of fusion ever tend ing to centered strength and simplicity. Aside from its linguistic interest, the transparency of Sanskrit, by revealing to a large extent the metaphors hidden with in the comportite forms of the language, also lends a peculiar picturesquenese to Its poetic expressions. In the third plaoo. Sanskrit contains an abundant literature of varied historical, philosophical an i esthetical interest. The Rig-Veda ("Hymn- Veda," "Sac-e.I Book of Hymns") is the oldest llurary monument of Sanskrit and of the Aryan speaking nations. It is a collection of about a thousand hymns and lyrics som • posed during centuries and handed Jov.n ; by faithful tradition from the time tht j Aryans stood on the threshold of India : to the time they were collected into the i hymn material we now possess. These hymns, invoking the gods, extolling heroic deeds and contemplating the mysteries at existence, though rarely of a higher order, are in part .full of life and charming ly their naive and objective simplicity, but also in part utterly trivial and uninterest ing. They show the invaders to have been a vigorous semi-barbaric people, loving life and Ita enjoyments, but also imbued with those deeply religious tendencies , which later took such a prodigious devel opment, leading to the loftiest specula tions on the' one hand and to the most degrading superstitions on the other. Their religious conceptions were based on nature worshipl Struck with wonder anJ awe by the mysterious phenomena of na ture, they conceived behind them llvin? powers, which, being personified, became their gods. The beaming sun (Surya, akin to T-atln Sol) was Joyfully hailed by the slngor (i, CO-42): The mornlnft rays already brlns The mUhty Surya, heaven's god. For every being to behold. And 1«! the stars up yonder steal Like thieves away, and hide their beams Before the luna all-searching eye. The same prosperity us grant. Thou wise and wonder-working god. That once thou didst our fathers grant! Help ua to conquer our foes. Make smooth and easy our path. Life-bringerl grant us vital strength! The rosy dawn (Ush-as-Aur-ora) was affectionately invoked: Thy path is beautiful above the mountains. Thy glow through clouds suffusing all the sky. Bring, heavenly daughter, mighty Dawn, en throned In the broad east, us nourishment abundant. O Dawn, approaching with thy seeds tri umphant. Bring us the riches that we do desire. In early morn, already, heavenly daughter, Thou comest richly laden like a goddess. But more than anything the peal and flash of thunder stirred the soul of the beholder. That was the mighty Indra (the cloud-compelling Zeus of the Greeks, the Thor of the Scandinavian.^ crushing with hissing bolts the cloud demoft and his dark cloud cavern, thus compelling the downpour of abundant showers, and drinking strength for his deeds out of the exhilarating soma juice prepared by the invoker (11, 32): Now will I praise the heroic deeds of Indra. The deeds that once the lightning-armed ac complished. He slew the dragon, set the waters flowing And burst the caverns of the clouds asunder. With hissing bolts, by Tvashtar fashioned for him. He slew the dragon stretched upon the cloud banks; And suddenly, like lowing klne, the torrents Poured gushing down into the mighty ocean. And eager like a bull he sought the soma And quaffed three pallfuls of its ft>ry juices. Then grasped the mighty god again his weapon And slew the brood, the firstborn of the dragon. To propitiate the gods the singing of these hymns was early accompanied by simple sacrificial ceremonies. which gradually became ever more complicated. And around them grew up a priestly caste, the Brnhmans (originally brahman, "performer of the prayer," from brah man, "prayer"), whose influence deeply affected the destinies of India: Such were the beginnings of the Brah manical religion. More than a thousand years of speculation, expressed In numer ous theological and philosophical works, are included in the Brahmanic literature, gradually evolving out of early polythe ism the conception of one universal power, finally merging Into pantheism. The germs of a uniting conception may be traced already in some of the Vedic hymns. But it found full expression only in much later workH. especially In the so called Upanishads ("Teachings.") To the speculative Hindu the material world was then but an emanation of the spiritual. It had come from the Supreme Soul (At man) "as the wave of the river from its source." "as the spark from the flame." and it was destined once to return unto it. Man when cleansed from the slime of Ignorance was to be reunited with the Eternal Soul. Until then he was con stantly reborn Into the material world to begin a new existence varying. from the very lowest to the highest. Except in their coarsest form these uni tary conceptions never reached the masses. To them the gods with various substitutes and metamorphoses continued to exist, while even in ordinary literature they kept their place without reference to the exact belief of the author. The ripened Hindu philosophy found a beautiful expression in the Bhagavad- Glta ("The Lord's Lay," rendered Into prose by Chatterjl: Houghton, Mifflln A Co.. 1892). This work occupies a high place among the Branmanic scriptures, and has been a great influence upon the spiritual life of the Hindus. It represents the teachings of God Incarnate to a hu man prince. The object of life, he says, is the attainment of true knowledge, which is a beatific vision of the Supreme Being. Having known even Him. man attains to deathlessness. There Is no other way (Cf. the Scriptures, "And this Is life eternal, that they might -know Thee, the only true God," etc.) Those who do not gain such knowledge remain fettered to material existence by repeated births and deaths. But who. then, is He, that Su- Common whfoky is a curse— the Old Government Is a blessing. • THE CALL'S HOME STUDY CIRCLE AMUSEMENTS. MATINEE TO-DAY (WEDNESDAY). Feb. 21. Parquet. 25c, any seat; Balcony, 10c; Chil- dren. We. any part. 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