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«=~O raise flacks, and raise them fur
ceFsfully. and within the HmUs. of San Francisco at that. Is the rather ** unique rr.r-thod employed by Lejnard Brehmer of 12 1 * Onondapa avenue with -]:ich to oil the m-hoPIB of prosperity dur ;rifr hiF sojourn in this country. And this farm, while on? of the most Interesting places in the city for sightseers, is probo. ":.'•>- the least known of any of San Fran cifCO'M many points of interest. Thtro i< cpparently a gcod reason for this, hew ,vrr. and a visitor to the duck ranch, which is situated on the road leading iron-. Mission street to the~lngleside Coivsir.g Park, is apt to tfceive a rather chil'.y re • caption. A request from any stranger for the privilege of looking around the plae-j is considered by Mr. Brehmer as a busi :.-^« proposition, and if pressed for a lea f-n for his polite refusal he will exp!*ir t - •on that dv. ks ure the most excitable of ;ill the domestic fowls, and whil.-> the regular baWturs of the. farm can wan !.• ihrougfa the twenty or more runs at will •without disturbing their serenity; the presence <;f a stranger anywhere within the high fence in- losing the throe ocr'.s : occupied i* sufficient to throw them Info n high c *ate of nervousness, whicc: se riously interferes with their laying. Duck raising is. a serious business v. Itt this man, and ho attends to his daily du ties with as :nuth care and precision a he would were he managing a gnat rail '• way system. Whenever a poultry rancher has a pond or piece of marshy ground conveniently' 'situated <n his plao? his first act Is t> Utilize it for the raising of ducks, bu; :;( fording to Mr. Frrhmtr> system thK I* jr!l ' BT'.rc. :;nd tb- almost t^.al iib««rr.c> about his ian<h of the water which tb> r-jvi^e considers necewary to the rai:-i: k of wvbfonfd fowl? is strikingly aritr.r.t Dcckk are proverbially the cleanest of nil . fowls asd all the water they get on bU farm; adde from that furnished oy ih-> drinking fountains, is contained in small troughs jila<-fd in each run. This has nroved sMfiScJcflt n> keep them in a good. bSliSy condition. At the present UJae there sire betwocp SOW arid ZMt birds quartered In the Mng ?,'jps and these are sy£t»-matically df >io<d into "rla^is." The laying hen.-, and «,!<)< r drakes arc- given more to Jin than ih.; ¦ '?,.,^, r and every facility for .x \ (.fcisesnd scratching is afforded them. At \ \ l > present time there are about TOO ducks in th's class and abbot 100 ORES ar<? pro ¦*y:i cd every day. but w!icn the weather i-« v, re iiettied ;his number Is considerably 'incrcascdJ Ei'crjr ess produced is insd< mrc of In the incubator*; and the sjnw <*f production .•> .«.' reduction is so weil r*-a ufatcd that X\u nurr-bfr of du<ks en hand h Idem varies rroru than fifty at one time. «7: hpito tbo fact that an average of about 509 fowls arc w»t to tho markets rrcty Enturday. T»i* oystem is a unique on« K'.'J thow." tl:o attention that has been x, -id to the tudy of the details o!" tha ljuslnca. After f;ar«-fui figuring a«j 1 at i.rticn to averages Farmer Drehmcr ra« discovered thnt out of every O5 «gss put • ' :; n tocubator be wiU get CO") little flocKi in-'ss and .nl!.>wing for a C per cen«. rato .'"mortality Jartafi their' sojourn in the 5 :«,oder. he v.-i!! lave v.hen they reach ihe . . rkctable osc DC! h'.rCs. arid that v.c*U his cbn^gciaefat to tho city dealers will probably be about ST.J. leaving him a oiar ¦gi'a of fourtr-en trucks to cover, up any s»O3- Josm:s from other causes. The syctera nf iticubation Is another !n •¦ resting adjunct oC U.e ranch, v,-hen a visitor enters the Joor cjf the big square .¦•m. 'which Is directly under the living • ..mrs of the proprietor and his fam . it *s I'.ard to convince one's self that uvir Tj/i little duc^s arc scaled vp la 0 REV. WILLfiRO W. BEfIN, 0 / Chcrrjpion Middie-Weight of </ Utah. Q Scch is the strange visiting card of a young mar. recently arrived in San Fran cisco trom Salt Kak«- City. An ordaine I minister ntio i.- also n professional jusii- J*j is a. rather unusual rt rson to met Btth, the R«v. Wii'.ard W. Bean b.-lng lh,; «::.;. specimen knuwn to exist. It al^o de- Ftructor of athletic and gymnastic clubs, and wherever he has been he ht-.s been universally popular, both umotig his asso ciates of the ring and in religious circles. In h!s ordinary .conversation the unique m!::ist4r exhibits mere -of his wide scope pursuits Uinn.in hi? U-ctures or sermons. In the pulpit his English Is the purest and choicest, and Is noticeably; free from the i.-ommorrer : expressions that " have 'crept into the language. "Parson" Bean does not believe In mixing his profession*. Among his associates' of the athletic side of his life he speaks iluentiy that language which is made up of terms peculiar to the ring ar.d which is absolutely unintelligible to the uninitiated. . In, his ordinary con versation, however, there is visible the In fluences nf the turo extremes. From his ordinary street dress It would 'be hard to. classify him. Ills wardrobe consists* of a ruther; curious assortment. The ministerial r b!ack. with the dignified tile, is companion to the trunks and soft Mormon Cyclone." In pugilistic pursuits he has met many well-known men of the ring in his own class, and his record shows not a single defeat. Some time ago be boxed with the famous Choynski in_ v. twenty-two round draw, and for a num ber of years he has been the acknowl edged champion of Utah. On one occasion it is said that this vor tatile gentleman played the part of tne comedian in a repertoire company all week, including Friday night, on Satur day night was one of the principals In a limited glove contest and on Sunday night preached to a large «ud* e n te - ad m'tlvj Fame town and in the same. ball. Rev. Mr. Bean llnds no difficulty in reconciling his various callmgs. "I see no reason," said he." "why" one cannot IbQ handy with his natural weapons and at trsts. Physical. contesti? nlvays had :t fascination for. me. but- 1-dld.not.b.econi'; identified with the usual Hw*oeiathi.:s Of the ring because 1 wished to remain \n my foimer moral sphere, and I sougut such studies and associations as *v0u..l naturally tend to elevate me." Rev. Mr. Bean has. several times been taken to task by committees and ministers of ihe gospel, who have endeavored to whow him that he' is committing a eacri lege, but the eccentric exhortcr hak sacli time so far worsted them in argument that he .has sent them away pontierifu;. That he is sincere in hiH ; re!igioii,. no one that ever met him doubts. He. beli-.-ves strongly injthe Biblicnl philosophy 6£ ¦"turning thejpther rcHeekA.but^sinca.'tho 'good book does not prescribe for the sequel, which Is Inevitable," the broad-mindoi shoes of the pugilist, and there is the compromise between, the two which he dons for ordinary wear— soft white sweat er, shapeless cap, and tweed suit ot care less, comfortable cut. ..Naturally Rev. Mr. Bean and his pecu liarities have" been* the*" subject :of much comment, and he has often been called upon for an explanation of his philosophy. In an article which he wrote for the cur rent Xational Review he sums up his idea in the. following words: '.-..'/-, "When the body, was intrusted to my care it was" perfect in its organism. I am supposed to keep it free from, all contam ination: to keep it pure and undeflled: to uniformly develop all my faculties and all parts of my body to. their highest capa city, that I -may 1 eventually bring my en tire body to a symmetrical shape and the highest stage of development, approach ing as nearly as possible that which God has, designed it. a perfect specimen of manhood in the image of my Jlaker, fill ing'nature's measurements." "Parson" Bean wishes it to be under stood that he is not identified with any religious sect, though it 13 said that at on? time he was an ordulned elder of the Mor mon church. By birth and education be is a Mormon," though he does not cham pion the cause of polygamy. His father was a. Superior Judg.' of Utah and had three wives. Willard W. Bean is one of the thirty children, all of whom, it is said, were above the average in intelligence. Rev. Mr. Bear's religious zeal is as pro nounced as his father's, although unliko his father he found one wife a sufficiency. Just how many rounds it took Cupid to knock out ihe athletic preacher-pugilist statistics do not tell, but it was not until a year ago that the amiable oddity de cided that it was not good for man to be alone. He is 20 years of age. nnd declares himself -a living exemplification of how good a pugilist can be and of the consist- and they were all there to see if his fight ing la equal to his sermons. He did not disappoint th«n. The 'Mormon Cyclone' knows how to handle hi^ man. • • • *" Mr. Bean I? ror; in training out at the EJanken Six* MHe-Hou.se preparatory tr> a twenty-round contest Vkh 'Soldier Phil Green. Local sporting circles are looking forward with great interest to the event.' which will take place before tho Columbia Athletic Club of ihis city. on March 29. , On being asked if he intended to deliver any addresses in this city. Rev. Mr. Bean st£_d that he lectures on!y by request. bd^Pbat he had already received several invitations to speak In S.in Frinriaco, and that probably." when he ha 3 a little timo left him from his- training. .he will turn hn attention to his other talenta. With all hi.« peculiarities the eccentric gentleman seems to be anything but n. crank. Ills logic is forcetul and strong, his refinement and moral views are ua questionable and there Is that in his man ner and personality which makes him warmly liked and awakens interest every where he goes. San Francisco will soon hare a chance 16 judge of his abilityln hi« two principal lines, his minor pursuits 'of literature and acting having been temporarily. jaiif aside. It Is said that the religious : 'pugilist' 3 faith in prayer. Is o the strongest, 'and that always, before entering .lntb.f •^on test, he prays loriz and earnestly, rptnrr. lng thanks after a victory.. The reason he attributes for h'.~> successful recoirdjs f hat of upright living nnd'the power of.pf4yer. One of the mosi aristocratlc-fac«s seen in Washington is that of".Mrs> geraple, daughter of "President Tyler. She. has passed her eightieth year and yetretains an exceedingly youthful complexion. Per sonally she is charminsr. and ltr.prc-ajea one as stepping out of the European courts. She has a dignified carriage and the grace of speech characteristic of the old regime. She was a sufferer from the effects of the Civil War. and when re lating the experiences of that terrlbl3 perWl she carries the listeners In her flight of speech, until the span of time U effaced and war is no more.— The National Jlatrazine for March. these eggs showing thrpugh the glass doors. There are sixteen of these Incubators in all, but it is very rarely that more '.nan twelve of them are In use at one time. A few of them are heated by hot water, but the majority use warm air. supplied by the heat from a kerosene lamp, and to keep them all at the proper degree of temperature requires ten gallons of kero- s»ne every week. This artificial heat is kept up day and night, and the only time the eggs are not subject to its influence is during the short time they are set out on a table every day to allow the necessary cooling. Every Sunday a new brood is added, to the constantly changing stock, and while It requires four weeks from the time the egg Is "laced in the incubator for the proper development of. th e duck, it Is very rarely that a Sunday passes with out contributing a half thousand or more brand-new ducklings to' the ..tender, mer cies of tho brooder. This brooder is a se ries of small, st<>am-heatcd .shed.", each shed forming a 'compartment for the use of . the broods. They are separated ac cording to age, and the different classes are kept to themselves by the partitions. Ducks mature very rapidly, '¦.find' as soon is a newhatch i 3 made the oldestone in :he- brooder is' removed' 1 to:, the 'outside •uns to'make room 1 for the later arrivals. Sifter leaving the brooder. theysooirlearn to depend on themselves for attention. These outside runs are somewhat differ ent from those occupied by the egg-pro durlng clnfs. and few temptations for exercise are offered those boing prepared for market. Cement floors deny them fa cilities for scratching, but sand baths are furnished In boxes placed in the runs. The food, in nearly all cases, consists of a combination of chopped meat and bran, - - joofcert in v big caldron a.id served warn., rhe'younser one3'are furnished l^ss meat and .more starch "containing ¦ foods," and those' being made rtfady for market arc fattened on cruin.: . :i^m'm Three men. in addition to the proprietor, are kept busy caring for all these fowls, and still there is very little time for rest from daylight till dusk. The cooking of the food keeps one man busy the greater part of the day,, and in addition-, to this fresh bits of meat must be hauled from the slaughter-houses and the trimmings from green vegetables grown by near-by farmers must be collected and distributed throughout the runs. The coops must bs kept thoroughly cleaned to avoid veriiSirt and a constant watch kept on the tem peratures-of the Incubators. To guard against theft six great, shaggy St. Ber nards are allowed to roam about the premises, and so well 'trained are these dogs that they never attempt to molest the ducks or the bis chunks of fresh meat hanging within easy reach. A Duck Raising Farm in San Francisco and the Way it is Operated. relops that this odd character is pos*cs-vJ r.f dramatic ability in no mean d?gie*. having completed several very successful engagements as comedian in trave \\-a rompani*^, and his talents al?o oxtend to the teaching of physical culture and .o lit erary work in the dryly humorous ve'.n of the Bill Nye school. The natural inference- from the fact o' so widespread ::nd so versatile a display of talent and «-nergy would be that tiii revererd pugilist Is a type of the prover bial "jack-of-all-tradf s. and master of nfrt," but such a conclusion would be in correct. In each line oT action in whicn eht possibility of n minister. of the gospel in th» way of broad-mindedness. Wherever the eccentric minister has traveled he has left a 'train of newspaper comments in his wake. One weekly sheet fcays of him: "Willard Bean i 3 certainly a genius. Right on' tho heels of putting. 'Midget Sandow'. to sleep in a glove contest at the npera-hou^e. he delivers a well-selected lecture before the Second Ward conjoint Mi I. A. Sunday evening. His subject was 'Man's. Development,' . and a, crowded house, listened attentively to every word." Another weekly reports a contest: "Ons of the most mixed audiences imaginable assembled at the opera-house last night to witness the sparring contest between Willard Bean and Morris Jacobs. There were lawyer?, doctors, laborers, capital ists, farmers and church members, be sides the 'sports'- of the. city and else where, nil mingling joyously together. "Parson" Bean has friends In all circles, 2y iOiltard Bean. I took priz-es and medals in 'runnlns. broad and high Jumping, putting shot, throwing hammer, po!c vaulting;' etc. Boxinpr Mini 1 naturally to mo. By permis sion of my parents and the- college fac r.liy I bc~:in to box on exhibition. I finally won the championship of the State. 1 then visited neighboring States ::r.d while I do not po=c as n, champion :ind perhaps am not composed of cham pionship material, yet I have no decisions re^istcror! n gainst me. All this lime 1 was a r'Witlnr attendant nt Si:nlay-school and meeting:, always taking— an-4 <lo now— an active part and not infrequently Occupying the pulpit I do not always expect to follow the pugi listic profession, yet I :nn not sorry that I am Mmewbat versed In fi«ticuITs and know how to u-e my natural weapon*. During the brief time that I do follow It I hope to be r.i> object lewsoii to other Fportk. I hup? t-i demonstrate tt:e fat-t [hut a man fan inur.lce in the science of 'elt-^ifmuf and sti'.i b<» :» Kcntjeman. It \< rot so i.nith the",>rcfersion as the men Wi\O follow it th.^t p'.ve it the had odor. 1 believe in frenfral <>velcp:ront anil I have, endeavored to <!p- elop tR>*SClf spirU ural'.y. morally and physically. They are interdependent. This is. In brief, how I became what I am. and I ask no sport to become what I am not. he has figured Mr. Bean has proven Hrn self superior to the average talent. 'Che energetic force, strong logic and oratorical power of his sermons and lectures have given him the characteristic name of "Tlu,. ¦ the same time be a gentleman." He neither drinks, dissipates nor uses tobac co, and no one has ever been able to crit-. icize his moral character. It is his avowwl' purpose to set a good example and exhibit the possibility of physical prowess Roinir hand in hand with clean morals and v ie finement. ."And besides," says the champion -;of ; muscular Christianity, "I like the con- preacher usually acts.; upon his own-opin ion, his belief being that "there Is much religious merit in a pious right and left swing. . . . - "Parson. Bean's athletic pursuits -are not jconflned to.the limits-of the ring. He has a number of gold medals won in such field contests as running, jumping, vault in?. ¦ putting shot and hammer throwing. In a number of places he has been the in- HERE IS A MAN WHO IS BOTH PUGILIST AND PREACHER. ~ -..-¦•¦ . • . • — • THE SUJS'DAW CALL. WHY I AM WHAT I AM 11 *=>F=KE vrorl'l may think rue eccentric i rr.u wonder why I am what I am. ii 'Tir. true 1 :-.ni versatile and that perhaps to an eminent dejjrce. My brief career l.as been varied ami net a 1:tUe intereKtlas. It could require cor >iuor^!iie ppace n oven gi\ o a ehort out- Mr.'- <;f it. lii;t chat puzzle^ the public most Is !.«•» * tun po25CS* rrlig-fous Hcru ples r.n-1 nt the 5nnH» tiiro Indulge J" the "ir.ar.iy art.*" I cannot diSCUAS this In .1 brief article, but for tiic present suffice It to tay that I was mired of Christian par ents, not of the clans known a^= Sunday Christians but practical, every^day Chris- Ti;.i-.F. :ir.<1 a;« D natural coiiroiiuenee I imiiibcd to a certain fxtrnt tho fsmo spirit. The spirit of Christianity was !n- BtiUed into n»y sot:l while yet younu. I irjherit«-d a round body, and und^r the teaching* of my parents It wm* kept free from contamination. I was raided on th<? sc!t tttn rarsge Hiid ETCW »:;> healthy and >¦ bust. My !>arr-m> noticed on my part an Inclination to pthleUc* and irarfou* branches of sport and did not d'.-courasft rr.e. but seemingly liked U» fee ;ne «.-xeet ¦dn the^e lines. My environments anil teachinjra were < f thf- l~est. and as a n» ?u!t I did not take kindly to the various •.ices that aro so common among athletes. rucn as blinking. Bmoldnsj. swearing and pamb!ing.