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The San Francisco Call.
PRICE FIVE CENTS. SAN FRANCISCO, TUESDAY, JUNE it, 1900. VOLUME LXXXVIII-NO. 12. Situation Grows Worse Hourly aM 'Demonstra tions Against All Foreigners Have Spread From the Neightiorliood of Peking to the Capital Itself, Where There Is Great Alarm. CHRISTIANS FLEE FROM THE WRATH OF THE CHINESE RABBLE "It means that the Empress Dowager has finally thrown off tho mask and has resolved to stake everything on her antt forelgn policy. Prince Tuan is a creature of the Empress, who Is known to be ona cf the chief patrons of the Boxers and a representative cf the most reactionary party In China. That she is a determined and headstrong woman Is not to be-dis puted. She has so far enjoyed Immunity, which has -encouraged those qualities, and, combined with her ignorance cf tho forces she Is defying and with the malign influence -of her entourage of eunuchs and parasites, as ¦we'll as placehunters. her willfulness has induced her to offer direct' challenge to the foreign powers. The challenge Is one which they cannot decline to take up If they must act, and they mtrst act together, as. Indeed they are doing. If the Empress is to have her way, the position of no foreign power in China will be vrorth a'month's purchase, and Western civilization w!!l disappear from the country altogether." Prince Tuan. a powerful supporter of tho Boxer brotherhood." The Times, commenting upon the reor ganization of the Tsi:n?:-tl Yamen, consid ers ita significance unmistakable and says: "The conquest and division of China would be possible with 100,000 troops, but to retain the government would require 1.000,000 soldiers and centuries of work. The task would end with the most un happy results for both conquered and con* queror. His Majesty and his advisers beg America and Japan to pause before re sorting to dismemberment, which can be deferred at least until the Emperor's ef forts to govern his people and restore the happiness of this great division of the human race have proved abortive. If the people are assured that the powera are guiding and protecting his Majesty and do not intend to swallow the country piece meal they and their soldiers, will return unquestionably to the allegiance from which the Empres3 diverted .them." empire they have before them the huge task of facing millions who, although lacking in training and who make but contemptible soldiers, possess boundless, powers of passive resistance and wouid be able to wear out the patience of European rulers seeking to govern then, without regard to their prejudices.' " . "Changes have been made in the Tsung- U'Yamen.- One-Chinese has .been retired and four Manchus, rigidly conservative, have been appointed. ' Prince Ching, the only- member with ¦ 3.' L knowledge of for eign affairs, has b^en superseded by LONDON, June 12.— The Peking corre spondent of the Times, telegraphing yes terday, says: . DEFIANCE OF THE DOWAGER EMPRESS LONDON. June 11.— There were several deaths from heat In the United Kingdom to-day and a. number of prostrations. Two - deaths occurred at the Alderahot maneuvers. Heat Fatal in England. ADELAIDE." South Australia. June 11— A total of twenty-three deaths from the bubonic plague is officially reported from Rockhampton. Queensland. Two fresh cases are reported here, one of which has proved fatal. Plague in Queensland. FIRMNESS OF AMERICANS PREVENTED FURTHER DELAY TIENTSIN, Sunday. June 10.— It is learned that but for the firmness of the United States Consul and Captain Mc- Calla of the Newark, in charge of the American lending party, and the British Consul there would have been further de lay in dispatching the international guards to Peking. At a meeting of the Consuls and commanders of troops last evening, when the necessity of the Immediate dis patch of troops was considered.'the repre sentatives of two European powers ques tioned the necessity andOifterward dis paraged the idea that the British force should preponderate. The Anglo-Ameri cans, however, insisted and carried their point. The Americans generally deplore the smallness of the United States forces here. At the same time they are ready to defer to whatever may be considered best at Washington. MURDER OF A CHINESE GENERAL NEAR TING FU VICTORIA. B. C. June Jl.— The steamer Queen Adelaide, fro?»i the Orient, .brings a story that six weeks ago Japnn and Russia were close to war over the landing of a Japanese trader, whose removal was re-quested by Russia at Masampo. .War was said to have been averted by the re fusal of Great Brltalnto act with Japan. Advices from Shanghai tell of the mur der of the Chinese General -Yang Loh while parleying with the Boxers' near Ting Fu. He was cut down from behind. - the great powers, in order that a demon stration may be made or a battle fought under the flags of all Europe. Japan and the United States have been Informed and agree to the .arrangement. TRAINS COMMANDEERED FOR FOREIGN TROOPS the coup d'etat in 1S9S, sends, with the special sanction of the Emperor and his party, including three viceroys, a mes sage to the people of the West. It is .'n part as follows: '".'His •' Majesty, is convinced, through amply trustworthy sources, that the loyal support of many scores of millions of tho Chinese will be accorded to his proposals i.for putting an end to the state of anarchy brought about by the action of the Em press Hsi Tsi. The Government of China being virtually non-existent the Emperor proposes that the foreign powers whose troops dominate the capital shall remove his imperial person from the palace in which his Majesty is confined a prisoner, shall declare Empress Hsi Tsl and her present ministers to be usurpers and shall bring Emperor Kwanp Hsu to Nanking, Wu Chang or Shanghai, whichever the said foreign powers deem to be the most, suitable situation for the capital of the Chinese empire under the new conditions. It is proposed by his Majesty and his advisers that the foreign powers shouM declare a joint protectorate and under take the task of. governing the country through his Majesty.' • "The message suggests that the pro tectorate should' abolish certain boards in Peking; appoint new Ministers; abolish^ the existing ¦ so-called .armies: | establish gendarmerie under foreign officers; taki control of the customs, posts and tele graphs and work them through Chinese officials; establish a uniform currency: readjust taxation and insure the freedom of religion. Weng .Tung Ho,. who predicts TIENTSIN, June 11.— The captain of the British; defenses here commandeered a third special train yesterday and a fourth to-day for the transport of 213 Russians and.^two guns and 62 French marines, v/ith stores and one gun for the British. The international forces are near Lang fong, forty miles from Peking, but it is. doubtful if they reach the capital before to-morrow. TIENTSIN, June 11.— An American offi cer, who has just arrived from the front for provisions, reports that the forces are repairing the between Lofa and Langfong. He caught a Boxer last even ing who was attempting to set fire to a bridge and he saw several corpses, evi dently the bodies of men killed by troops of General Nieh. The fifth train left at 5 p. m. to-day with provisions. • Great anxiety is felt here respecting- the fate of the foreign ers In Peking. I HOW THE EMPEROR WOULD OUTWIT EMPRESS a peaceful acceptance of such a regime., goes onto say: .•'•China is ripe for the change of tide which the reactionaries "vainly seek to stem. If It should be. on the other han-1, that the foreign powers seriously contem plate the dismemberment of the Chinese LONDON, June 12.— The Shanghai cor respondent of the Dally Express, tele graphing yesterday, says: "Weng Tung ,Ko. Emperor Kwang Hsu's tutor and confidant, who was dis missed by the Dowager Empress after has been planned, under the leadership of England and Russia, in which all the great powers and several of the smaller will take part. The latter are not called upon to send troops, as there are enough on the spot, but they are to be asked to delegate the right to hoist their. flags with TelegTaph, in a. dispatch, dated yesterday at 1:40 p. m., says: "Reports from the Un-Han-Fu district say that the French Minister has tele graphed that a crisis is imminent and that he is advising all- foreigners to evacuate Yunnan." AH the telegrams Indicate :hat the sit uation has not in the teast improved. On the contrary the disorders have spread from the neighborhood of Peking to the capital itself; which Is growing turbulent In anti-foreign demonstrations. In addi tion to the burning of the Peking Club, the secretary of the Belgian Legation hS^s been roughly handled in the streets. Hos tile crowds continue to demonstrate against the legations. Two thousand in ternational troops are approaching the city am* the advance guard Is due to ar rive to-day (Tuesday). The United States, according to dis patches from Copenhagen, has given "hearty adhesion", to the scheme for a European demonstration. The Russian Minister at Peking, who also acts as the envoy of Denmark," is credited with hav ing sent a dispatch to the Danish Foreign Office to the effect that a demonstration that Peking, especially the Tartar' City, is safe. "At Tientsin the Viceroy finally con sented to furnish transport for a relief force of 400 under an American command er. The partial restoration of the railway Is expected to be effected by to-morrow. More massacres of Christians are re ported. "Shanghai, under to-day's date, reports that there has been street fighting ¦ in Peking since early Sunday afternoon. The Russians are making large purchases of canned provisions at Shanghai and every thing points to an outbreak of hostilities. All British missionaries will probably be ordered to return quickly to treaty ports." The Shanghai correspondent of the Daily LONDON, June 12, 3 a. m.— The last message out of. Peking to reach London left there yesterday morn ing at 11 o'clock, going by way of the Russian telegraph through Manchuria, the Tientsin, line being cut," It Is'as follows: "General Tung, a Mo hammedan, extremely hostile to foreign ers, arrived here this morning and had a long audience with Prince Tuan. father of the heir apparent, who is seemingly friendly to the Boxers. Prince Tuan has been appointed chief of the Foreign OSlce over Prince Ching, who is more friendly toward the foreigners. "The dl-patch of more marines was in response to a telegram from the Ministers to the Consuls at Tientsin for additional troops. Conveyances have left Peking to meet the troops coming by the first train. "The arrival of the Empress Dowager has rendered the city somewhat more quiet than i£ had been recently: The Pro testants have erected a barricade before tne building in 'which they have taken refuge and they have a. small guard. The Ctholics are concentrated north of . the cathedral under the '. protection.' ' of a French guard of twenty-five men, who will hold out to the end. I am convinced The Russian Embassy, Feking, Where the Empress Dow agrer Is Said to Have Taken Refuge. been ordered to co-operate In quelling the disturbances. WASHINGTON, June 11.— The Navy Department received the following cablegram from Admiral Kempff: "TON*G ED, June 11.— Secretary Navy, Washington: In case all communication with Peking cut, not able to go alone. If other nations go will join to relieve Americans pending instructions. Situation serious. Battalion of marines from Manila has been urgently requested. Answer. "KEMPFF." Upon receipt of the above Secretary Long sent the following cablegram to Afimlral Remey at Mar.lla: "NAVY DEPARTMENT, June 11.— Remey, Manila: Send by Solace immediately t>y all dispatch to Kempff one hundred marines, arranging If practicable that after landing Solace thall continue homeward voyage as previously ordered. "LONG." The following undated dispatch has been receiwd at the Navy Department: "Secretary of the Navy: Forces landed by the different nations. Opening com xnunication to Peking. Americans Joined. KEMPFF." Admiral Kempff also reports the arrival of the Monocacy at Taku. Minister Conger was heard from again this morning. It is fortunate that, al though telegraphic communication between the foreign forces at Taku and Tien tsin and foreign embassies and legations at Peking is interrupted through the cutting of telegraph wires, there yet remains a channel of communication be tween the officials at Peking and their home Governments by overland wires to Jrhnnprhai and thence by cable. It is also possible through this roundabout way for a connection to be maintained between the foreign diplomats and their naval commanders at TaJtu. Minister Conger's telegram was to the effect that the Pao Ting Fu mis sionaries are pafe up to the present; that the Chinese Government has sent trnopp thore and promises ample protection/ to the missions though it is not thoupht that this protection will insure safety. According to Minister Conger It i? impossible at this moment to send any foreign forces from Peking to Pao Ting Fu. Mr. Cmijrcr"s doubt as to the permanence of the Chinese ability to protect the missions is !n line with his previous expressions of opinion indicating a bclipf in his mind that the few Chinese generals who are disposed to protect foreipriers^sre to bo overcome by the element at the Chinese court which is fa lorablc to the Boxers The nttitude of the United States Government respecting the Boxer troubles bavins beon misrepresented in certain quarters, it can be stated authoritatively that «r> to this point not the first step has been taken, toward sending any troops from General MacArthur's army in the Philippines to China. It was decided last week that non« of the troops could be spared, even if wanted, and that none •would be spared if they could be for such a purpose in the present aspect of the Chinese trouble. - ¦ i -_-.- Mr. Conger askM for further Instructions and was directed to proceed with energy in the protection of American interests and more especially with the pro tr.rtir>n of "Me American legation and the lives of the 'American citizens in China. Be v.ap warned, however, not to be a party to any alliance or combination of a group of powers. He was to act Independently whenever this was practicable, al tho;iRh he was not forbidden to take concurrent action with other diplomatic rep resentatives if tudrlcn necessity should arise for It. He was to do nothing to commit the United States* further action. The traditional policy of the United State* in this r«»ppoct was to be strictly observed. The naval offleicJs say that the Nashville can scarcely reach Taku before Fri day or Saturday next. Then the run up the shallow and rapid Peiho River- to Tientsin will consume another day. The Yorktown and Cast'.ne, at Shanghai, are rapidly being put into shape for sea. They were undergoing repairs, but this work doubtless will be hastened so that if the conditions become more grave at Tientsin one or both of the ships can reach there from Shanghai even before the Nashville, arrives. The Cnlnese crisis continues to be an absorbing topic at the' foreign em hn?sks and legations In ¦Washington, but the prevailing sentiment is that it will be confined to mob outbreaks and will not eventuate in a territorial dismember ment involving the various powers. It is pointed out that up to this time the foreign ¦ powers have stated most positively that their sole purpose Is to restore order nnd protect their citizens and property, and while then-- has been some suspicion cf an ulterior motive on the part of some of them, this has not taken form. On the contrary, all the official declarations have disavowed anything mon; than a restoration of order. The Spanish Minister at Peking Is dean of the diplomatic corps there, but as Spain has practically no interests iv China. Sir Claudf MacdonaJd, who is second in paint of service to the Spanish Minister, ¦will act as dean during this upheaval, the other Minis-tors having interests, to protect co-operating with him. That serious international entanglements are not expected soon is indicated to some extent by the departure from this city of the foreign representatives. / The Russian Embassadnr, Count Cassinl, has already gone: EmbassarTbr Catnbon of France will leave on the 20th inst. for r>urope, and Lord Pauncefote Is making arrangements to go to Newport for the summer on July 1. At the same time It is felt that China is in such a foment that an International crisis beyond tho mob uprisings eonfinod to China may be precipitated at any moment. The Chinese Minister, Wn Ting Fang, is naturally disturbed at the seriousness of the reports, but in the complete absence of official information he believes the reports are magnified and that the underlying causes of the attacks on the for eigners have not been given. A knowledge of this point, ho feels, will permit a much better judgment of the situation. In some foreign quarters it has been thought the Chinese Government would give indication through its Ministers abroad of Its views on the landing of for eign troops and its ability unaided to cope with the situation, but not a word as to this has been received here. Secretary Long this afternoon stated that he nad sent no direct answer to Admiral Kempff, nor was such an answer necessary In view of the subsequent cablegram to Admiral Remey at Manila. The re-enforcements In the shape of Jifi additional marines, which will come to him from Manila during the course of a week, would indicate the department's position sufficiently. It will take the Solace a full week to make the trip, according to the estimate of the naval offi cers, for it is about 2(KiO miles from Manila to Taku. It is declared at the Navy iJepartrnent that Admiral Kempff is not entirely dependent upon this marine force from Manila for re-enforcements, for he was authorized last week to call upon the United States naval vessels at Shanghai, the Yorktown and the Cas tlne, for more men if he needed them, and it is suggested that the Oregon also may supply another force in addition to 'the twenty marines she has sent al ready to admiral Kempff. It is evident that the Navy Department approves all Admiral Kempff has done up to this point at least, as Is shown by the disin clination to hamper him by instructions. « __ GERMANS RECEIVE NEWS OF OUTRAGES BERLIN, June 11. — The German Foreign Office has received a dispatch from Pe king dated Sunday afternoon, Faying the American Mission House at Tungchow. the river port of Peking, has been burned by natives. The officials of the Foreign Office suppose this happened Saturday or Sunday morning. The dispatch further says the Interna tional Club outside of a gate of Peking has been burned, and that the Belgian Secretary of Legation was attacked by Chinese soldiers. The Foreign Office in terprets the latter news as confirming the serious views taken of tho situation, and expresses fear that the German Embassy will be next attacked. An official of the German Foreign Office railed attention to a remark ascribed to Color.el John Hay, the United States Sec retary of State, to the effect that the United States tould not enter into an al liance with the powers regarding China, and added: "There !s no question of an alliance which is unnecessary, but only of a political combination for a specific pur pose. There is no political question, but a poMee question. The case involves the Interest of no eirigle nation, but of al! at ivsfi further added at the Foreign Of fice that there are now GO foreign sol diers at Tientsin. Of the 1L03 now on the tray to Peking 110 are Cerman. They will repair th* railroad as needed, probably reaching Peking to-day. One of the two telegraph wir^s to Peking which was de stroyed has been restored. The German gunboat Tiger has been ordered to sail for China. Tiie German Governor of Tslnetow haa Reports From Uncle Sam's Representatives in the Far East Are Not Reassuring, and Additional Precautions Are Taken to Protect Life and Property. Upon Request of Admiral Kempff for Further Landing Forces a Detachment Is to Be Sent From Manila on the Solace. MORE MARINES ARE ORDERED TO CHINA fighting within ten miles of Heilbrun Juno 6, as follows: "CAPK TOWN, June 10. Sunday.—Gen eral Kelly-Kenny reports from Bloemfon tein this rooming that Methuen with tho greater part of hig division was fighting early in the morning of June 8 ten miles south of Heilbrtrn, where Colville was re ported to be with the Highland Brigade. Methuen left Lindloy June Z with ample supplies for himself and Colville. leaving Paget to hold Lindley with «. sufficient force and supplies. Kelly-Kenny has or dered Knox to press in the enemy's out post, believing the enemy's strength to be exaggerated. All is quiet and there is no anxiety as regards the district to the south. Communications north of Kroon stad have been cut since June 6." GENERAL BULLER ALSO SUSTAINS SOME LOSSES LONDON. June 11.— The following re port from General Buller has been issued by the War Office: "HEADQUARTERS IN NATAL,. Juna 11.— The force was concentrated on the Klip River at its junction with the Gans vlel last night. We anticipated at that defile a force of the enemy about 3000 strong, who had, I think, intended to oc cupy U, and he retired as soon as our heavy guns opened, which were very smartly brought into action by Major May of the Royal Artillery and Captain Jones of the royal navy. The South African Light Horse and the Second Cavalry Brigade wVre smartly engaged while cov ering our left front. Our casualties aro about six killed and seven wounded." m KBTJGEB'S BODY-GTTABD. LONDON, June 12.— The Lourenzo Mar ques correspondent of the Times says: "At Machadodorp President Kruger has a body-guard of 1000 burghers. Stores are being moved as quickly as possible from that point to Lydonburg. The Portuguese authorities sent a further body of troops to the border to-day." BOERS STTREENDER TO HTJNTEB, VEN'TERSDORP, June 11.— Two hun dred and fifty Boers have surrendered to General Hunter and the remainder In this district have promised to give uj> their LONDON". June 12, 3:30 a. m.— Fifty thousand British troops are within half a hundred miles of the marauding Boers north of Kroonstad. and they are expected, of course, to make short work of them. Nevertheless, out side of the War Office telegrams, no one knows what is going on. South, of Kroonstad there is a wide gap. The railway is only partially defended and as General Kelly-Kenny has hurried all the available troops northward the assumption Js that there is danger of a second raid. The loss of the Derbyshires is estimated at from 600 to TOO men. A Reuter dispatch from Maseru,- dated June 11, 3:33 p. m., says: "Fifteen hundred Boers surrendered to General Brabant to-day in the Flcksburff dis trict." V^rV Machadodorp has been officially proclaimed the capital of the Transvaal. A Lourenzo Marques dispatch says that the village has swollen into a small city, the majority of the inhabitants living In tents. An official Boer telegram asserts that the British have been defeated with con siderable loss at Donkerspoort, in the southern extremity of the Free State, or Orange_River Colony, ten mile3 from Norvals Pont. It was thought that tKis district had been cleared of Boers and rebels long ago. The Boers still cling to Lalngs Nek, but General BuIIer's forces are •working: far around in that direction. Lord Roberts has wired Cape Town that prior to Wednesday he liberated 131 officers and 3500 of the rank and file. The Boers consequently took off only 900. • Mr. Schrelner, the Cape Premier, had eight supporters out of forty at a cau cus called to consider the Ministerial programme. J. X. Merriam. Treasurer, and J. W. Fauer. Commissioner of Public Works, have resigned from the Cabinet, and Mr. Schreiner*s own resignation is believed to be imminent, although he may re construct the Ministry with the aid of the opposition, the British members. . The Cabinet situation is so Interesting that Sir Alfred MJlner will postpone his trip northward. Food is still scarce at Mafeking, but the railway is nearly repaired. Seventy two rebels have been arrested In the Vryburg and- Mafeking districts. Sixty-five men were marched into Mafeking by two of their late prisoners at Mostia. All of General Harrington's force was landed at Beira a ago. The or ganization to invade the Transvaal from the north 13 alreadysfar advanced. A' Boer deserter who arrived at Maseru yesterday asserts that 7000 Boers par ticipated in the Rooekrantz engagement; that General Olivier was killed and Gen eral de Villlers mortally wounded. , The American young women who are nursing in the hospital at Ladybrand have been slighted by the Boer women who are nursing the Beer sick in the same hospital, and have been made the object of unpleasant remarks because the Americans are nursing the English. Thirty thousand troops were engaged in the mimic field operations at Alder- shot yesterday. AGAIN THE BRITISH HAVE LOST A BATTALION LONDON, June lL— Lieutenant General Sir Frederick Forestier- Walker, in com mand of the lines of communication in South Africa, reports that in the disaster to the British troops June 7 at Roodeval. where the Boers cut Lord Roberts' line of communications, the Fourth Battalion of the Derbyshire Regiment were all killed, wounded or made prisoners, except six enlisted men. Two officers and fifteen men were killed and five^offlcers and seventy-two men were wounded, many of them severely. The Boers returned the wounded to the British. The officers killed were: Lieutenant Colonel Balrd-Douglass and Lieutenant Hawley. The wounded include Colonel Wilkinson and Lieutenant Blanchard of the Cana- dian Infantry. General Forestier-Walker's dispatch in full Is as follows: "CAPE TOWN. Sunday. June 10.— The following telegram has been received from Charles Knox: " r ' : \'S " 'KROOKSTAD- The following dasual ties reported from Roodeval June \J, re ceived from Stoneham, commanding the Imperial Yeomanry Hospital, dated Rhe noster River. June S. received here by flag of truce June 10: The Fourth Battalion of the Derbyshire Regiment, (the Sher wood Foresters). Killed— Lieutenant Baird Douglass artd Lieutenant Hawley and fif teen of the rank and lile. AVounded — Col onel Wilkinson, Captain Bailey, Lieuten ants Hall. Lawder and Blanchard and fifty-nine of the rank and file: the Shrop shire Light Infantry, one: Cape Pioneer Railroad Regiment, seven: Ammunition Park, Royal Marines and Imperial Tele graphs, one each; postoffice corps, one. " 'Stoneham reports that many were se verely wounded and the remainder of the Fourth Derbyshire and details of prison ers, except six of the rank and file, are in his camp. All the wounded are in his camp, lately occupied by the Fourth Derbyshire. Inquiries are being made as to the names.' " It is inferred that the Boers captured over SCO men and as late as June 10 held positions cutting oft the British forces north of Kroonstad from reinforcements. A second dispatch from General Fores tier-Walker says General Methuen was Meanwhile Krugep's Men Are Doing Some LiYelg Fighting, and Recently Caused the Derbyshires to Sustain a Loss of Six or .Seven Hundred Men. BRITISH NEAR THE MARAUDING BOERS Lord Roberts Has Fifty Thousand Troops Within a Short Distance of the Republican Forces and Is Expected to Crush Them. HOSTILITY TO FOREIGNERS SHOWN IN STARTLING STYLE LONDON, June II.— A special dispatch from Shanghai, dated to-day, says: ;'¦ "All the naval forces, except the Russians, are acting under the orders of ; the British admiral. It is 'reported that the head of. a foreigner has been sc2n exposed on a pole northwest of Tientsin. The Chinesa are fleeing from Peking and Tientsin^ to Shanghai. . - "There are ominous indications of ' outbreaks . in the Yangts; district." All classes of natives in the north display intense hostility, to-ward foreigners and the Chinese soldiers point their guns at foreign ers as they pass by/' . • LONDON, June ,11.— A special dispatch from Tientsin says it . is reported that the Dowager Empress has fled to the Bussian lsga tion at Peking.' -ij .»_«S_A._»'» .».1»T -_«5 » m^ - mn *. •<¦> «^ . 11 a » . in » h .'m' I In I'm', m'"