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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, June 12, 1900, Image 1

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The San Francisco Call.
Situation Grows Worse Hourly aM 'Demonstra
tions Against All Foreigners Have Spread From
the Neightiorliood of Peking to the Capital Itself,
Where There Is Great Alarm.
"It means that the Empress Dowager
has finally thrown off tho mask and has
resolved to stake everything on her antt
forelgn policy. Prince Tuan is a creature
of the Empress, who Is known to be ona
cf the chief patrons of the Boxers and a
representative cf the most reactionary
party In China. That she is a determined
and headstrong woman Is not to be-dis
puted. She has so far enjoyed Immunity,
which has -encouraged those qualities,
and, combined with her ignorance cf tho
forces she Is defying and with the malign
influence -of her entourage of eunuchs and
parasites, as ¦we'll as placehunters. her
willfulness has induced her to offer
direct' challenge to the foreign powers.
The challenge Is one which they cannot
decline to take up If they must act, and
they mtrst act together, as. Indeed they
are doing. If the Empress is to have her
way, the position of no foreign power in
China will be vrorth a'month's purchase,
and Western civilization w!!l disappear
from the country altogether."
Prince Tuan. a powerful supporter of tho
Boxer brotherhood."
The Times, commenting upon the reor
ganization of the Tsi:n?:-tl Yamen, consid
ers ita significance unmistakable and says:
"The conquest and division of China
would be possible with 100,000 troops, but
to retain the government would require
1.000,000 soldiers and centuries of work.
The task would end with the most un
happy results for both conquered and con*
queror. His Majesty and his advisers beg
America and Japan to pause before re
sorting to dismemberment, which can be
deferred at least until the Emperor's ef
forts to govern his people and restore the
happiness of this great division of the
human race have proved abortive. If the
people are assured that the powera are
guiding and protecting his Majesty and do
not intend to swallow the country piece
meal they and their soldiers, will return
unquestionably to the allegiance from
which the Empres3 diverted .them."
empire they have before them the huge
task of facing millions who, although
lacking in training and who make but
contemptible soldiers, possess boundless,
powers of passive resistance and wouid
be able to wear out the patience of
European rulers seeking to govern then,
without regard to their prejudices.' " .
"Changes have been made in the Tsung-
U'Yamen.- One-Chinese has .been retired
and four Manchus, rigidly conservative,
have been appointed. ' Prince Ching, the
only- member with ¦ 3.' L knowledge of for
eign affairs, has b^en superseded by
LONDON, June 12.— The Peking corre
spondent of the Times, telegraphing yes
terday, says: .
LONDON. June 11.— There were several
deaths from heat In the United Kingdom
to-day and a. number of prostrations.
Two - deaths occurred at the Alderahot
Heat Fatal in England.
ADELAIDE." South Australia. June 11—
A total of twenty-three deaths from the
bubonic plague is officially reported from
Rockhampton. Queensland. Two fresh
cases are reported here, one of which
has proved fatal.
Plague in Queensland.
TIENTSIN, Sunday. June 10.— It is
learned that but for the firmness of the
United States Consul and Captain Mc-
Calla of the Newark, in charge of the
American lending party, and the British
Consul there would have been further de
lay in dispatching the international guards
to Peking. At a meeting of the Consuls
and commanders of troops last evening,
when the necessity of the Immediate dis
patch of troops was considered.'the repre
sentatives of two European powers ques
tioned the necessity andOifterward dis
paraged the idea that the British force
should preponderate. The Anglo-Ameri
cans, however, insisted and carried their
point. The Americans generally deplore
the smallness of the United States forces
here. At the same time they are ready to
defer to whatever may be considered best
at Washington.
VICTORIA. B. C. June Jl.— The steamer
Queen Adelaide, fro?»i the Orient, .brings
a story that six weeks ago Japnn and
Russia were close to war over the landing
of a Japanese trader, whose removal was
re-quested by Russia at Masampo. .War
was said to have been averted by the re
fusal of Great Brltalnto act with Japan.
Advices from Shanghai tell of the mur
der of the Chinese General -Yang Loh
while parleying with the Boxers' near Ting
Fu. He was cut down from behind. -
the great powers, in order that a demon
stration may be made or a battle fought
under the flags of all Europe. Japan and
the United States have been Informed and
agree to the .arrangement.
the coup d'etat in 1S9S, sends, with the
special sanction of the Emperor and his
party, including three viceroys, a mes
sage to the people of the West. It is .'n
part as follows:
'".'His •' Majesty, is convinced, through
amply trustworthy sources, that the loyal
support of many scores of millions of tho
Chinese will be accorded to his proposals
i.for putting an end to the state of anarchy
brought about by the action of the Em
press Hsi Tsi. The Government of China
being virtually non-existent the Emperor
proposes that the foreign powers whose
troops dominate the capital shall remove
his imperial person from the palace in
which his Majesty is confined a prisoner,
shall declare Empress Hsi Tsl and her
present ministers to be usurpers and shall
bring Emperor Kwanp Hsu to Nanking,
Wu Chang or Shanghai, whichever the
said foreign powers deem to be the most,
suitable situation for the capital of the
Chinese empire under the new conditions.
It is proposed by his Majesty and his
advisers that the foreign powers shouM
declare a joint protectorate and under
take the task of. governing the country
through his Majesty.' •
"The message suggests that the pro
tectorate should' abolish certain boards in
Peking; appoint new Ministers; abolish^
the existing ¦ so-called .armies: | establish
gendarmerie under foreign officers; taki
control of the customs, posts and tele
graphs and work them through Chinese
officials; establish a uniform currency:
readjust taxation and insure the freedom
of religion. Weng .Tung Ho,. who predicts
TIENTSIN, June 11.— The captain of the
British; defenses here commandeered a
third special train yesterday and a fourth
to-day for the transport of 213 Russians
and.^two guns and 62 French marines,
v/ith stores and one gun for the British.
The international forces are near Lang
fong, forty miles from Peking, but it is.
doubtful if they reach the capital before
TIENTSIN, June 11.— An American offi
cer, who has just arrived from the front
for provisions, reports that the forces are
repairing the between Lofa and
Langfong. He caught a Boxer last even
ing who was attempting to set fire to a
bridge and he saw several corpses, evi
dently the bodies of men killed by troops
of General Nieh.
The fifth train left at 5 p. m. to-day
with provisions. • Great anxiety is felt
here respecting- the fate of the foreign
ers In Peking. I
a peaceful acceptance of such a regime.,
goes onto say:
.•'•China is ripe for the change of tide
which the reactionaries "vainly seek to
stem. If It should be. on the other han-1,
that the foreign powers seriously contem
plate the dismemberment of the Chinese
LONDON, June 12.— The Shanghai cor
respondent of the Dally Express, tele
graphing yesterday, says:
"Weng Tung ,Ko. Emperor Kwang
Hsu's tutor and confidant, who was dis
missed by the Dowager Empress after
has been planned, under the leadership of
England and Russia, in which all the
great powers and several of the smaller
will take part. The latter are not called
upon to send troops, as there are enough
on the spot, but they are to be asked to
delegate the right to hoist their. flags with
TelegTaph, in a. dispatch, dated yesterday
at 1:40 p. m., says:
"Reports from the Un-Han-Fu district
say that the French Minister has tele
graphed that a crisis is imminent and that
he is advising all- foreigners to evacuate
AH the telegrams Indicate :hat the sit
uation has not in the teast improved. On
the contrary the disorders have spread
from the neighborhood of Peking to the
capital itself; which Is growing turbulent
In anti-foreign demonstrations. In addi
tion to the burning of the Peking Club,
the secretary of the Belgian Legation hS^s
been roughly handled in the streets. Hos
tile crowds continue to demonstrate
against the legations. Two thousand in
ternational troops are approaching the
city am* the advance guard Is due to ar
rive to-day (Tuesday).
The United States, according to dis
patches from Copenhagen, has given
"hearty adhesion", to the scheme for a
European demonstration. The Russian
Minister at Peking, who also acts as the
envoy of Denmark," is credited with hav
ing sent a dispatch to the Danish Foreign
Office to the effect that a demonstration
that Peking, especially the Tartar' City,
is safe.
"At Tientsin the Viceroy finally con
sented to furnish transport for a relief
force of 400 under an American command
er. The partial restoration of the railway
Is expected to be effected by to-morrow.
More massacres of Christians are re
"Shanghai, under to-day's date, reports
that there has been street fighting ¦ in
Peking since early Sunday afternoon. The
Russians are making large purchases of
canned provisions at Shanghai and every
thing points to an outbreak of hostilities.
All British missionaries will probably be
ordered to return quickly to treaty ports."
The Shanghai correspondent of the Daily
LONDON, June 12, 3 a. m.— The last
message out of. Peking to reach
London left there yesterday morn
ing at 11 o'clock, going by way of
the Russian telegraph through
Manchuria, the Tientsin, line being cut,"
It Is'as follows: "General Tung, a Mo
hammedan, extremely hostile to foreign
ers, arrived here this morning and had a
long audience with Prince Tuan. father
of the heir apparent, who is seemingly
friendly to the Boxers. Prince Tuan has
been appointed chief of the Foreign OSlce
over Prince Ching, who is more friendly
toward the foreigners.
"The dl-patch of more marines was in
response to a telegram from the Ministers
to the Consuls at Tientsin for additional
troops. Conveyances have left Peking to
meet the troops coming by the first train.
"The arrival of the Empress Dowager
has rendered the city somewhat more
quiet than i£ had been recently: The Pro
testants have erected a barricade before
tne building in 'which they have taken
refuge and they have a. small guard. The
Ctholics are concentrated north of . the
cathedral under the '. protection.' ' of a
French guard of twenty-five men, who
will hold out to the end. I am convinced
The Russian Embassy, Feking,
Where the Empress Dow
agrer Is Said to Have Taken
been ordered to co-operate In quelling the
WASHINGTON, June 11.— The Navy Department received the following
cablegram from Admiral Kempff:
"TON*G ED, June 11.— Secretary Navy, Washington: In case all
communication with Peking cut, not able to go alone. If other nations go
will join to relieve Americans pending instructions. Situation serious.
Battalion of marines from Manila has been urgently requested. Answer.
Upon receipt of the above Secretary Long sent the following cablegram to
Afimlral Remey at Mar.lla:
"NAVY DEPARTMENT, June 11.— Remey, Manila: Send by Solace immediately
t>y all dispatch to Kempff one hundred marines, arranging If practicable that
after landing Solace thall continue homeward voyage as previously ordered.
The following undated dispatch has been receiwd at the Navy Department:
"Secretary of the Navy: Forces landed by the different nations. Opening com
xnunication to Peking. Americans Joined. KEMPFF."
Admiral Kempff also reports the arrival of the Monocacy at Taku.
Minister Conger was heard from again this morning. It is fortunate that, al
though telegraphic communication between the foreign forces at Taku and Tien
tsin and foreign embassies and legations at Peking is interrupted through the
cutting of telegraph wires, there yet remains a channel of communication be
tween the officials at Peking and their home Governments by overland wires to
Jrhnnprhai and thence by cable. It is also possible through this roundabout way for
a connection to be maintained between the foreign diplomats and their naval
commanders at TaJtu.
Minister Conger's telegram was to the effect that the Pao Ting Fu mis
sionaries are pafe up to the present; that the Chinese Government has sent
trnopp thore and promises ample protection/ to the missions though it is not
thoupht that this protection will insure safety. According to Minister Conger
It i? impossible at this moment to send any foreign forces from Peking to Pao
Ting Fu. Mr. Cmijrcr"s doubt as to the permanence of the Chinese ability to
protect the missions is !n line with his previous expressions of opinion indicating
a bclipf in his mind that the few Chinese generals who are disposed to protect
foreipriers^sre to bo overcome by the element at the Chinese court which is fa
lorablc to the Boxers
The nttitude of the United States Government respecting the Boxer troubles
bavins beon misrepresented in certain quarters, it can be stated authoritatively
that «r> to this point not the first step has been taken, toward sending any troops
from General MacArthur's army in the Philippines to China. It was decided
last week that non« of the troops could be spared, even if wanted, and that none
•would be spared if they could be for such a purpose in the present aspect of the
Chinese trouble. - ¦ i -_-.-
Mr. Conger askM for further Instructions and was directed to proceed with
energy in the protection of American interests and more especially with the pro
tr.rtir>n of "Me American legation and the lives of the 'American citizens in China.
Be v.ap warned, however, not to be a party to any alliance or combination of a
group of powers. He was to act Independently whenever this was practicable, al
tho;iRh he was not forbidden to take concurrent action with other diplomatic rep
resentatives if tudrlcn necessity should arise for It. He was to do nothing to
commit the United States* further action. The traditional policy of the United
State* in this r«»ppoct was to be strictly observed.
The naval offleicJs say that the Nashville can scarcely reach Taku before Fri
day or Saturday next. Then the run up the shallow and rapid Peiho River- to
Tientsin will consume another day. The Yorktown and Cast'.ne, at Shanghai, are
rapidly being put into shape for sea. They were undergoing repairs, but this
work doubtless will be hastened so that if the conditions become more grave at
Tientsin one or both of the ships can reach there from Shanghai even before the
Nashville, arrives.
The Cnlnese crisis continues to be an absorbing topic at the' foreign em
hn?sks and legations In ¦Washington, but the prevailing sentiment is that it will
be confined to mob outbreaks and will not eventuate in a territorial dismember
ment involving the various powers. It is pointed out that up to this time the foreign ¦
powers have stated most positively that their sole purpose Is to restore order
nnd protect their citizens and property, and while then-- has been some suspicion
cf an ulterior motive on the part of some of them, this has not taken form.
On the contrary, all the official declarations have disavowed anything mon;
than a restoration of order. The Spanish Minister at Peking Is dean of the
diplomatic corps there, but as Spain has practically no interests iv China. Sir
Claudf MacdonaJd, who is second in paint of service to the Spanish Minister,
¦will act as dean during this upheaval, the other Minis-tors having interests, to
protect co-operating with him. That serious international entanglements are
not expected soon is indicated to some extent by the departure from this city of
the foreign representatives. /
The Russian Embassadnr, Count Cassinl, has already gone: EmbassarTbr
Catnbon of France will leave on the 20th inst. for r>urope, and Lord Pauncefote
Is making arrangements to go to Newport for the summer on July 1. At the
same time It is felt that China is in such a foment that an International crisis
beyond tho mob uprisings eonfinod to China may be precipitated at any moment.
The Chinese Minister, Wn Ting Fang, is naturally disturbed at the seriousness
of the reports, but in the complete absence of official information he believes the
reports are magnified and that the underlying causes of the attacks on the for
eigners have not been given. A knowledge of this point, ho feels, will permit a
much better judgment of the situation.
In some foreign quarters it has been thought the Chinese Government would
give indication through its Ministers abroad of Its views on the landing of for
eign troops and its ability unaided to cope with the situation, but not a word as
to this has been received here.
Secretary Long this afternoon stated that he nad sent no direct answer to
Admiral Kempff, nor was such an answer necessary In view of the subsequent
cablegram to Admiral Remey at Manila. The re-enforcements In the shape of
Jifi additional marines, which will come to him from Manila during the course
of a week, would indicate the department's position sufficiently. It will take the
Solace a full week to make the trip, according to the estimate of the naval offi
cers, for it is about 2(KiO miles from Manila to Taku. It is declared at the Navy
iJepartrnent that Admiral Kempff is not entirely dependent upon this marine
force from Manila for re-enforcements, for he was authorized last week to call
upon the United States naval vessels at Shanghai, the Yorktown and the Cas
tlne, for more men if he needed them, and it is suggested that the Oregon also
may supply another force in addition to 'the twenty marines she has sent al
ready to admiral Kempff. It is evident that the Navy Department approves all
Admiral Kempff has done up to this point at least, as Is shown by the disin
clination to hamper him by instructions. « __
BERLIN, June 11. — The German Foreign
Office has received a dispatch from Pe
king dated Sunday afternoon, Faying the
American Mission House at Tungchow.
the river port of Peking, has been burned
by natives. The officials of the Foreign
Office suppose this happened Saturday or
Sunday morning.
The dispatch further says the Interna
tional Club outside of a gate of Peking
has been burned, and that the Belgian
Secretary of Legation was attacked by
Chinese soldiers. The Foreign Office in
terprets the latter news as confirming the
serious views taken of tho situation, and
expresses fear that the German Embassy
will be next attacked.
An official of the German Foreign Office
railed attention to a remark ascribed to
Color.el John Hay, the United States Sec
retary of State, to the effect that the
United States tould not enter into an al
liance with the powers regarding China,
and added: "There !s no question of an
alliance which is unnecessary, but only of
a political combination for a specific pur
pose. There is no political question, but
a poMee question. The case involves the
Interest of no eirigle nation, but of al!
at ivsfi further added at the Foreign Of
fice that there are now GO foreign sol
diers at Tientsin. Of the 1L03 now on the
tray to Peking 110 are Cerman. They will
repair th* railroad as needed, probably
reaching Peking to-day. One of the two
telegraph wir^s to Peking which was de
stroyed has been restored.
The German gunboat Tiger has been
ordered to sail for China.
Tiie German Governor of Tslnetow haa
Reports From Uncle Sam's Representatives
in the Far East Are Not Reassuring, and
Additional Precautions Are Taken to
Protect Life and Property.
Upon Request of Admiral Kempff
for Further Landing Forces a
Detachment Is to Be Sent From
Manila on the Solace.
fighting within ten miles of Heilbrun Juno
6, as follows:
"CAPK TOWN, June 10. Sunday.—Gen
eral Kelly-Kenny reports from Bloemfon
tein this rooming that Methuen with tho
greater part of hig division was fighting
early in the morning of June 8 ten miles
south of Heilbrtrn, where Colville was re
ported to be with the Highland Brigade.
Methuen left Lindloy June Z with ample
supplies for himself and Colville. leaving
Paget to hold Lindley with «. sufficient
force and supplies. Kelly-Kenny has or
dered Knox to press in the enemy's out
post, believing the enemy's strength to be
exaggerated. All is quiet and there is no
anxiety as regards the district to the
south. Communications north of Kroon
stad have been cut since June 6."
LONDON. June 11.— The following re
port from General Buller has been issued
by the War Office:
11.— The force was concentrated on the
Klip River at its junction with the Gans
vlel last night. We anticipated at that
defile a force of the enemy about 3000
strong, who had, I think, intended to oc
cupy U, and he retired as soon as our
heavy guns opened, which were very
smartly brought into action by Major May
of the Royal Artillery and Captain Jones
of the royal navy. The South African
Light Horse and the Second Cavalry
Brigade wVre smartly engaged while cov
ering our left front. Our casualties aro
about six killed and seven wounded."
LONDON, June 12.— The Lourenzo Mar
ques correspondent of the Times says:
"At Machadodorp President Kruger has
a body-guard of 1000 burghers. Stores are
being moved as quickly as possible from
that point to Lydonburg. The Portuguese
authorities sent a further body of troops
to the border to-day."
VEN'TERSDORP, June 11.— Two hun
dred and fifty Boers have surrendered to
General Hunter and the remainder In this
district have promised to give uj> their
LONDON". June 12, 3:30 a. m.— Fifty thousand British troops are within half
a hundred miles of the marauding Boers north of Kroonstad. and they
are expected, of course, to make short work of them. Nevertheless, out
side of the War Office telegrams, no one knows what is going on. South,
of Kroonstad there is a wide gap. The railway is only partially defended
and as General Kelly-Kenny has hurried all the available troops northward the
assumption Js that there is danger of a second raid. The loss of the Derbyshires
is estimated at from 600 to TOO men.
A Reuter dispatch from Maseru,- dated June 11, 3:33 p. m., says: "Fifteen
hundred Boers surrendered to General Brabant to-day in the Flcksburff dis
trict." V^rV
Machadodorp has been officially proclaimed the capital of the Transvaal. A
Lourenzo Marques dispatch says that the village has swollen into a small city,
the majority of the inhabitants living In tents.
An official Boer telegram asserts that the British have been defeated with con
siderable loss at Donkerspoort, in the southern extremity of the Free State, or
Orange_River Colony, ten mile3 from Norvals Pont. It was thought that tKis
district had been cleared of Boers and rebels long ago.
The Boers still cling to Lalngs Nek, but General BuIIer's forces are •working:
far around in that direction.
Lord Roberts has wired Cape Town that prior to Wednesday he liberated 131
officers and 3500 of the rank and file. The Boers consequently took off only 900.
• Mr. Schrelner, the Cape Premier, had eight supporters out of forty at a cau
cus called to consider the Ministerial programme. J. X. Merriam. Treasurer, and
J. W. Fauer. Commissioner of Public Works, have resigned from the Cabinet, and
Mr. Schreiner*s own resignation is believed to be imminent, although he may re
construct the Ministry with the aid of the opposition, the British members.
. The Cabinet situation is so Interesting that Sir Alfred MJlner will postpone
his trip northward.
Food is still scarce at Mafeking, but the railway is nearly repaired. Seventy
two rebels have been arrested In the Vryburg and- Mafeking districts. Sixty-five
men were marched into Mafeking by two of their late prisoners at Mostia.
All of General Harrington's force was landed at Beira a ago. The or
ganization to invade the Transvaal from the north 13 alreadysfar advanced.
A' Boer deserter who arrived at Maseru yesterday asserts that 7000 Boers par
ticipated in the Rooekrantz engagement; that General Olivier was killed and Gen
eral de Villlers mortally wounded. ,
The American young women who are nursing in the hospital at Ladybrand
have been slighted by the Boer women who are nursing the Beer sick in the same
hospital, and have been made the object of unpleasant remarks because the
Americans are nursing the English.
Thirty thousand troops were engaged in the mimic field operations at Alder-
shot yesterday.
LONDON, June lL— Lieutenant General
Sir Frederick Forestier- Walker, in com
mand of the lines of communication in
South Africa, reports that in the disaster
to the British troops June 7 at Roodeval.
where the Boers cut Lord Roberts' line
of communications, the Fourth Battalion
of the Derbyshire Regiment were all
killed, wounded or made prisoners, except
six enlisted men. Two officers and fifteen
men were killed and five^offlcers and
seventy-two men were wounded, many of
them severely. The Boers returned the
wounded to the British.
The officers killed were: Lieutenant
Colonel Balrd-Douglass and Lieutenant
The wounded include Colonel Wilkinson
and Lieutenant Blanchard of the Cana-
dian Infantry.
General Forestier-Walker's dispatch in
full Is as follows:
"CAPE TOWN. Sunday. June 10.— The
following telegram has been received
from Charles Knox: " r ' : \'S
" 'KROOKSTAD- The following dasual
ties reported from Roodeval June \J, re
ceived from Stoneham, commanding the
Imperial Yeomanry Hospital, dated Rhe
noster River. June S. received here by flag
of truce June 10: The Fourth Battalion
of the Derbyshire Regiment, (the Sher
wood Foresters). Killed— Lieutenant Baird
Douglass artd Lieutenant Hawley and fif
teen of the rank and lile. AVounded — Col
onel Wilkinson, Captain Bailey, Lieuten
ants Hall. Lawder and Blanchard and
fifty-nine of the rank and file: the Shrop
shire Light Infantry, one: Cape Pioneer
Railroad Regiment, seven: Ammunition
Park, Royal Marines and Imperial Tele
graphs, one each; postoffice corps, one.
" 'Stoneham reports that many were se
verely wounded and the remainder of the
Fourth Derbyshire and details of prison
ers, except six of the rank and file, are
in his camp. All the wounded are in his
camp, lately occupied by the Fourth
Derbyshire. Inquiries are being made as
to the names.' "
It is inferred that the Boers captured
over SCO men and as late as June 10 held
positions cutting oft the British forces
north of Kroonstad from reinforcements.
A second dispatch from General Fores
tier-Walker says General Methuen was
Meanwhile Krugep's Men Are Doing Some
LiYelg Fighting, and Recently Caused
the Derbyshires to Sustain a Loss of
Six or .Seven Hundred Men.
Lord Roberts Has Fifty Thousand
Troops Within a Short Distance
of the Republican Forces and Is
Expected to Crush Them.
LONDON, June II.— A special dispatch from Shanghai, dated to-day, says: ;'¦ "All the naval forces,
except the Russians, are acting under the orders of ; the British admiral. It is 'reported that the
head of. a foreigner has been sc2n exposed on a pole northwest of Tientsin. The Chinesa are fleeing
from Peking and Tientsin^ to Shanghai. . -
"There are ominous indications of ' outbreaks . in the Yangts; district." All classes of natives in the
north display intense hostility, to-ward foreigners and the Chinese soldiers point their guns at foreign
ers as they pass by/' . •
LONDON, June ,11.— A special dispatch from Tientsin says it .
is reported that the Dowager Empress has fled to the Bussian lsga
tion at Peking.' -ij
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