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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, June 13, 1900, Image 1

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LOXDON', June 13.— The correspondents
at Tientsin, Shanghai and other treaty
ports throw Bide lights upon the situation.
According to one dispatch from Tientsin
it is understood there that the foreign
Ministers will insist, as . soon as fresh
bayonets arrive at Peking, upon the re
moval of the anti-foreign advisers of the
Dowager Empress and upon the substitu
tion for them of -councilors friendly to
Western civilization.
The English at Shanghai are'afraid that
Great Britain has been deceived and that
the whole business will have to be gone
through again. Russia's aims, they argue,
are net understood, and Russia and
France are apparently not working in the
same spirit a*« the ether powers." Five
thousand Russians are ready to land at
Taku. .. . _ - . . . .•-••..
A telegram from Yokohama, dated
Tuesday evening, says .that- the Japanese
Government has ordered four more war
ships to proceed to Taku and 4003 men of
all arms are under. orders to be in imme
diate readiness for. embarkation.
T.he dispatch says the Japanese Govern
ment "trusts the powers will not miscon
strue this action."
The Japanese prcs3 is urging vigorous
methods. -';</
The Shanghai correspondent of the
Times, telegraphing Tuesday, says: "The
Japanese Minister, is -pressing for recog
nition of a Japanese sphere of influence,
to Include the provinces of Chekiang, Fo
kien and Kiangsi."
The Hongkong correspondent of the
Times, wiring yesterday says: "The ad
miralty have engaged a transport to take
S00 troops to Tangku. The sailing date
has not been fixed.":
The only bit of information which tho
British' 'War Office has made public- re
garding the situation since it became Im
portant wa&the admission yesterday that
the # summer residence of the British Min
ister in Peking. Sir Claude Macdonald.
has been burned. '¦ '
s Insurance rates ;' for Tientsin have been
raised to 53 per 100 pounds.
y ONTXDX. June 13. 4:41 a. m.— SIxt<v> n British marines reconnoiterinR- in ad-
E vanee of the International column marchir.g to Peking fought and chased
7 Boxers on Morday. killing twenty or thirty. A correspondent accom
£ A panrJrig the column, in a dlsp 3 trh dated Tientsin. Juno 12, via Shanghai.
June 13. says: "While the "working pnrtlrs. accompanied by a patrol of six
teen British marines-, commanded by Major Johr^on. were repairing the line Mon
day afternoon eight miles l.ryorxl Lnfa they encountered small parties of Boxers
who w«*re destroying th* line. Tho Boxors moved away from the advancing ma
rine? and apparently dispersed into the country, leaving the rails moved and
the sleepers burned.
"Th<» marine?, when two m'.l^s in advance of the first train, near Langfansr,
ru<3<3enly perceived .Br.xrrs Ftreaming from a village on the left. It was estimated
that they numbered 2W>. some of them belner mounted, and thev were trying to
between tho marines and the train. Most of them were armed with spears
and swords. A few had firearms, which they handled awkwardly. The marines
retreating kept up a running fight for over a mile, and killed between twenty and
thirty Boxers.
"The Boxers pursued the British for some distance. Then, seeing more ma
rines from the train -.-omlr.s to their assistance. Major Johnson's sixteen halted
and poured a heavy continuous flre into the crowd, driving them across the front
of the reinforcing bluejackets, who punished the Boxers severely with Maxims.
The Boxer* f.rd and the Europeans, following up their success, "cleared out two
villages. The total loss of the Boxers I« estlmared at forty killed and wounded.
Seven of their wounded were attended to by British surgeons. The European's
loss win nothlnc " - * *'¦"
•Tr.less their Joss caures> tho Borers to lose heart the International column
will have much trouble before it reaches Peking. The railway is so much dam
aged that the column covered only thirty-four miles Sunday and Monday, and
tn<?re Is reason to fear that the road beyond Is more badly damaged.
"Evidences of General Nirh's operations were found In headless bodies. . The
whol" country presents a desolate aspect, entire villages having been deserted
•The expedition numbers 2044. as follows: British. 916; German. 250: Russian
£'•0: French. ITS; American, 104; Japanese, 52; Italians, 40;» Austrlans. 23."
n~y IENTSIN. June, 12.— The latest news from Pao Ting Fu is that the Box- '
I ers. 63C» strong-, are attacking the Catholic convent there. The situation \
I Is critical and the officials are evidently, inactive. 45.
I One hundred and Elxty-three British landed last evening. An addi- (
¦*- tlonal twenty. British have been 3ent to Fong Shan. This morning a -
special train left Tientsin for Tangtsun to bring- General Nieh' to consult <
with the Viceroy. Telegraphic communication with Peking Is still Inter- "
Tho Russian warships Petropaulovskl and Komlloff are at Taku Bar and
the Russian torpedo boats "13" and "lOT" are in . the river Taku. Want of ;
transport prevents the Russians from ianding troops. The Russians are (
very active here to-day.
it is reported that General Fung Fah Siang. with many thousand troops, <
is at Feng- Tal. The United States warships Xash\ille and Monocacy are re- -
ported at Taku. *
tween the capital and Tientsin is kept open so as to insure a safe
road for retreat should necessity compel the adoption 'of such a
\Yu Ting Fang, Chinese Minister, declined to-day to discuss
the appeal alleged to emanate from Weng Tung No, formerly
tutor to the Chinese Emperor, for the deposition of the Empress
Dowager and the restoration of Kwang Hsu to the throne. Dip
lomats well versed in Chinese affairs would not be surprised if the
appeal were genuine. Weng Tung No, after his dismissal by the
Empress Dowager in 1898. retired to his home at Soo Chow, sev
eral hours distant from Shanghai, and as the appeal is dated
Shanghai it looks as though he may be responsible for it. That it
is issued with the sanction of the Emperor is hardly believed., in
view of the fact that Kwang Hsu is closely guarded jn the imperial
palace and communication with him is extremely difficult. It is
possible, however, that Weng Tung No is familiar with the Em
peror's aspirations and acted as he did knowing that the appeal
would be approved. It would not be surprising if the powers were
to go to the extent of removing the Empress Dowager and restor
ing the Emperor, especially in view of the fact that she is encour
aging the Boxer movement, and so long as she is in power will
not take action for its suppression. With the Emperor on the
throne, under control of the diplomatic corps, no time would be
lost in putting an end to the movement, and it is believed here no'
trouble would be experienced in suppressing the rebellious Chi
nese once they are assured that they can ' look for no assistance
from the Government.
The only encouraging message which was received here to-day came to Mr. Xabeshima, Japanese Charge d'Affaires, who was informed by. his Government
that the representatives of the powers at Peking were acting harmoniously for the protection of foreign life and property and for the reopening- of communication be
tween Peking and Tientsin. In view of the danger besetting the foreign diplomats in Peking it is expected that foreign marines will see to it that communication be-
LONDON. June 11—3:20 A. M.— According to a dispatch to the Dally Express
from Machadodorp dated June 10. via Lourenzo Marques, those around
President Krugrr say that Generals Louis Botha and Delarey hare been
' offered indirectly £10,000 a year to lay down their arms, and President
Kruger expects the same offer to be made to himself, President Steyn
and De "Wet. President Kruger believes that the British make these efforts to
close the war on the principle that it would cost less than to fight It out.
Two plec?s of news encouraging to the British In the official dispatches are
that the broken communications of Lord Roberts are In a fair way to be mended
by the forces moving northward and southward and driving off the roving com
mandos, and that Sir Redvers Buller la at last master of Laings Kek. Tele
graphic communication with Lord Roberts Is expected to be restored to-day, as
a dispatch from Bloemfontein. dated yesterday, says that the railway is In Brit
ish possession again and that the work of repairing the line Is going on rapidly
with abundant material warehoused at Bloemfonteln.
From the subjoined telegram it would appear that General Hunter was In
command of the troops referred to by General Kelly-Kenney. In his dispatch from
Eloemfontein June 12: "General Hunter is coming up rapidly from the north
west, having severely defeated a large cemmand of Boers who had destroyed
two miles of railway north of Kroonstad."
Th*». Boer government Is also Issuing news cheering to Its sympathizers. Tha
following bulletin, the Boer version of the disaster to the Derbyshlres. was posted
by President Kruger at Machadodorp:
"On June 7 four divisions of burghers, commanded by Steenkammp. Frlne
man. Duploy. Fourie and'Hel, attacked the British at Roodeval. killed 200, took
700 prisoners and captured immense stores of food and ammunition— a Maxim gun
and 1C00 lyddite shells. Some food was taken by the Boer farmers and the rest
was burned. The English 'mail was taken. The burghers attacked from the open
veMt and gave evidence of unprecedented bravery."
General de Wet was also fighting on June 2. whether at Roodeval or elsewhere
is not clear, but the Boer War Office gives It out that he captured 3000 suits of
clothing, blankets, gloves, boots, etc. Being unable to take them with him In his
rapid advance through the country, according to the Transvaal War Office, he
burned the whole mass. General de Wet has also reported that he put 1000 Brit
ish out of action and destroyed property valued at £100,000. As Lord Methuen
Is officially described as fighting on June 7 it Is possible that he was engaged by
General de- Wet.
A dispatch from Lourenzo Marqtxes say3 that 1500 Boers are reported to be
retiring on Middleburg from various quarters and that, after weeding out the
faint-hearted. 20,000 men are still left.
.... . General ' Buller was unable on Monday to follow up the Boers from lack of
cavalry' as well as water. The dispatches describe him as fighting: a spirited ad
vance over a rugged field under prolonged rifle fire. The Boers had two guns,
which they got away. Few dead or wounded Boers were found. It seems
probable. that the major portion of the Boers had withdrawn before the ad
vance, beian._
• Lord Methuen. General Rundle and General ' Brabant are reported to have
30,000 men and fifty. guns engaged in Inclosing the Boers In the eastern port of
Orange : River Colony.
LONDON. June 12.— It Is learned by the Associated Press that the Gov
ernment has at last decided upon a pjan for the civil settlement of
South Africa. The details are kept most secret, but It can safely be
said that the Orange River Colony and the Transvaal will become
crown colonies. Sir Alfred Milner. It is declared. Is to be High Com
missioner of South Africa, in spite, of the opposition he has incurred. The
crown colony form of government can be best understood by reference to the
system in vogue in the West .Indies, Sierra Leone and Ceylon. Endeavors will
be. made to put this in force as soor. as possible In the Transvaal and Or
ange River colonies, though It ?s scarcely expected that the details will
be announced or some parts of the work be begun for a few months. "While
the civil settlement will .be drawn up so as to be eventually Independent of
military enforcement. It is realized that the initial -work must be done with
the co-operation of the troops. Sir Alfred Milner appears to believe that civil
reorganization and military pacification can proceed simultaneously, and that a
possible scattered rising: will^not seriously retard the progress of reorgan
ization once it is begun. The Colonial Office Is said to be of the opinion,
however, that the maintenance of good-sized garrisons at such centers as
Bloernfontein. Kroonstad. Johannesburg and Pretoria will be necessary for a
long time after the crown colony system gets In -working order. For this
reason and others put forward by Sir Alfred Milner, the idea of granting an
autonomous ftrm of government has been abandoned. It is believed,
though it cannot be verified, that a portion of the Transvaal will be parti
tioned off to Natal.
The whole arrangement may be roughly described as coinciding with the
views .advanced by the progressives, as opposed to those held by bundltea.
The final Fteps in this direction have been taken during the last few days.
Mr. Cbambrrlatn sent for J. P. Fltzpatrick. author of "The Transvaal From
Within." who is well known In connection with South African affairs, and
spent n whole day In consultation with hJm. Mr. Fitzpatrlck will sail for
Cape Town June IS to join the advisory committee which Sir Alfred Milner
Is forming.
PEKING, June 12. — Boxers have murdered one of the secretaries of the Japanese Legation here. The remainder of the foreign residents are besieged in Legation
street. Nothing has been heard of the relief force which we are advised left Tientsin three days since. Wires running south from Peking have been cut, but the
Russian line is still working. .
LONDON, June 13, 5:20 a. m. — The Times, in an extra edition, publishes the following dispatch from Peking, dated June 12, 2 p. m.: "The Chancellor of
the Japanese Legation. Sugyiama Akira, while proceeding alone and unprotected on official duty, was brutally murdered by soldiers of Tung Fuh Siang, the favorite
body-guard of the Empress Dowager, at Manigate railroad station yesterday. Reinforcements are daily expected. The present isolated" position at Peking, the destruc
tion of foreign property in the country and the insecurity of life are directly attributable to treachery of the Chinese Government."
CALL HEADQUARTERS, WELLINGTON HOTEL, WASHINGTON, June 12.— Fears are expressed in diplomatic circles here. to-night that the mur
der of the Tapanese secretary of the legation and the besieging of foreign residents in Legation street, Peking, will furnish a spark which will cause the spread of the
internal conflagration in China to the powers. Secretary Hay told me that he had not been advised of the death of the Japanese diplomat and of the imminent danger
in which foreigners in Peking seem to be. Mr. Nabeshima, secretary of the Japanese Legation, also stated that he .was without advices, but expressed confidence that
upon confirmation of the report his Government would take prompt measures for the protection of its subjects and their interests in the celestial kingdom.
The murder of the Japanese secretary of the legation, in the opinion of administration circles, increases the danger of murder of American missionaries. The
grave danger in which these missionaries are placed was considered during a meeting of the Cabinet to-day and a serious discussion took place, with a view of de
termining upon some means to furnish them efficient protection. A member of the Cabinet, after leaving the White, House, said that the truth. of the matter is that
the President does not fully comprehend the situation because of a lack of information; that messages so far received are very indefinite, and that before a final pol
icy can be determined upon fuller advices are necessary. There is no doubt that during the Cabinet session there was talk of using troops, but this same official de
clared that the President does not care to dispatch soldiers into China, preferring, so long as other powers make no such move, to leave operations to detachments
from the naval squadrons at Taku. But the murder of a Japanese diplomat and the dangerous situation of foreign .residents of Peking,- added to the conceded proba
bility that Japan will now send troops to China, may cause a rapid change of view. with respect to the use of American soldiers. Japan is in no mood { to permit her
official representative in Peking to be murdered, especially by persons engaged in a movement encouraged by the ruler of the Chinese empire. The Empress Dow
ager is jealous of Japan, and Russia will probably either object to the dispatch of Japanese troops into China or else send herself a large, force into the territory in
cluded in her sphere of influence and perhaps to Peking itself. The result is difficult to foresee unless an agreement of some kind should be reached beforehand.
The imperative need of vigorous action is shown by the dispatches received by the State Department from several points in China, only one of which was
made public. The appeal for a warship has not been answered, but it is believed it will be, and Consul Martin is expected to continue to wire developments to Secre
tary Hay. The American Consul at Chefoo has reported a very dangerous situation there, and it was rumored to-day that he stated that the Boxers were attacking,
missionaries near his consulate. This report could not be confirmed.
TTHis Deed \A/ill JRurnfsh ei Spark \A/h!eh Is
Lil<ely to Cause the Spread of Internal
Conflagration In China to the Powers.
Those Near Kruger Sau Generals
Botna and Delarey Have Been
Promised Ten Thousand Pounds
a Year to Quit Fighting.
The San Francisco Call.
LONDON, June 13. — The War Otnce casualty returns up to
June 9 aggregate 23,664, bssides 792 officers and 12,355 men sent
home as invalids, but not including the sick in South African hos

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