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about twenty feet square, called the ki>a.
In the side of the mesa at the pueblo of Walni. It is the holy spot among the hlehest order of medicine men, who are known as water priests by th© Moquls. A few whites were permitted In the kiva during the recent feeding of the snakes. When the chosen guests were escorted to the grotto and helped down a few stone steps at about 11 P. m. they saw a small burning fire In the middle of th« apart ment. An old Indian. Btrlped with paint from head to foot, slowly and solemnly added branches of twigs to the flames. A rude stage of adobe and stones had been made at the farther end of the kiva. Upon it were growing stalks of corn and shoots of bean plants, tnat-flourlshed.ln.com- There were a aozen snake Images, carved and painted with remarkable real ism. They were lying near the growing corn. 'They were five and six feet long, three or four .inches in girth at the largest parts. The painting on them gave a startling and eerie appearance. No one was allowed to approach nearer than about ten feet to the grewsome effigies, and no one ever handles them on pain of dread ful punishment, unless after appoint ment by the watch priests for participa tion In the annual ceremony of feeding the "sacred serpents." The heads of the Images were as large as a man's, head, and evidently of wood.. The eyes -were of a peculiar green, that gave them a shock ing gleam even in the darkest part of the stone chamber. There were contriv ances by which the eyes of the effigies were opened and closed as quick as an electric flash and without the least sound. The mouths could be opened and shut with an ease that was astonishing. There were two rows of shining white teeth in the mouths, and long, forked, blood-red tongues were shot forth from the throats of the snakes. . The bodies were painted exactly like huge rattlesnakes. Even the scales of the reptiles were reproduced with a fidelity to nature that caused some shudders to the palefaced spectators. At the sudden beating of a drum-like af fair that sounded similar to a Hindoo tom tom, the performers , of . tho night- came running; . in from an adjaoent apartment. For about half an hour this performance lasted. In a second the serpents' heads were withdrawn and the pandemonium of noises ceased as if by magic. The tom tom was a^aln beaten as another signal, the curtain was lowered. There stood the growing green corn. The performers, now sleek and dripping with perspiration, once more ranged themselves at the side of the stone platform and began new dances and feats in leaping and howling. It was now past midnight. The Indian guide said the ceremony would not cease until day light, and that several of the dancers had, often kept up such extreme physical eser tloa. tor two- er thre* days a.t a tin*. The naked, brown-.'klnned dancers, wttl» their lank black hair hanging about their faces, the monster snakes thrusting their heads far out through the curtain, with their gleaming teeth and their red tongues; the masked figure holding one of the largest under one arm while he fed it with the other; the man struggling: with one serpent while he strove to push aside the head of another, which was reaching out to seize him; the horrible combination of sounds from behind the curtain — all this by' the dim, flickering light of the- fira burning in the center, at the midnight hour, in a subterranean cavern hewn out of rock, made up a thing of weird horror never to be forgotten. The effect was the result cf an Ingenious mechanism o£ springs Inside the. bodies of the snakes, with clever kictir.g on the part of th© per formers; but the illusion was perfect. Suddenly there was a furious beating of the tom-tom, and the dancers disappeared behind the curtain as quickly as they had appeared: THen two Indians came out with a long pole. and. having deftly fast ened cords to its ends, drew it up to the celling. 'Attached to this pole was some flimsy fabric that acted as a curtain in a theater, and shut off the view of th« stage when it was up. In a second a hush cama over the assemblage, and every on» that was concealed rrom >ic- oy an in geniously arranged curtain of some fab ric as to resemble the wails of the kiva. There were twenty-eisrht dancers, and they were all stronc limbed, tall and ath letic Indian braves of* between the ases of IS and 30. They were nude except for breechcloths of skin, but painted with white and yellow. Strings of turtleshell rattles were tied about their ankles. At another series of taps on the tom-tom af fair they ranged themselves at the front of the raised stage, and then, upon an other signal./ began a slow, weird dance movement in perfect unison. The rattles at their ankles were moved in exact time to the words and rhythm of their song. The Indian guide whispered that that was the way the female water snake was called to see what they were doing to please her. Other dances, songs— In differ ent time and movement— but all of them slow and monotonous, followed for an hour or more. The spirit of each of the savage invocations was rain, and much of It. Tho Pa-luli-kons Is another dance of the Moquis. to propitiate the blacksnakes, and It takes place annually in th« first week Alter perhaps a half-hour's dancinir the Fnakeg are thrown in a v/ri thins mass Into the center of the/circle and are sprinkled with holy' meal. The dancers drav" off and then at a piven signal rush upon the mass of BerpcntB. each brave seizing a* many as he can with his two hands and then bounding away over the prairie at top speed. The snakes are then turned loose and tho dancers return, racing at their utmost, to the villajre. and are gath ered in the religious council or ceremony which follows. The band forms in a circle and the bas ket of serpents is brought forth. One of the chiefs, hideously painted, opens the cage an-I as each brave marches past wrests h.s naked arm wlthfn and Jerks from it a writhing serpent, which ho hands to the buck. The snak- dancer bends forward his hideously marked face s:id se zes the snake by its middle with h.i^V 1 , The s * r Pent stru&eles wildly. while Ills human captor. Reticulating and KjratjriK. joins In the soitrr.n rhvthmic moxemert In which, after each brave has boen supplied with ierpents: the whole band !s soon part.eip.-uins. Round about the saend circle the entito Moqul nation fnl'"« y iV " h i. T^? &O JSS awc - Thore '« noth inj? to break the stillness save the his«=ine of v.,. e cr l )f ' nts a^-d tho rnttlins of the pebbles in the shells of the v.-arriors 1 Ie?s The snakes themselves, although hljrhly anim;ited. seem neither to rattle ror to at tempt to *lin.J?. Once In a while in the course of the (<r;nte a rattler will bury his fangs ir. the body oi a brave, but he will be pulled* away as If nothlnp has hap pened, ar.d the brave who has been bitten will continue the . danco with per'ect equanimity. *-«=» -«;<-». rattle loudly as the warrior moves, and make of him. in sound at least, a human rattler. Around each brow is bound a nanrtne red handkerchief, the upper part of lh« fort-head beinp painted a deep black and the lower half with a black and white band. There 1* ever? reason to believe that a larcc part of t^ft dances; ceremonlei and religious fetes of the Uoqvi iDfii^r.s have been ha.nded <!ovrn i;:i':hang>'j for hun dreds of vears. The tribe is cut o!T from essodatlon with other Indians «•?¦ the Terr ritory. by bceral hundred Ettuaos raiir:i of biirnifg desert that reach in every di rection und by IS mug" of lofty mountains and the rocky remains of extinct volca noes. They llv«d In their present locality cf nbr>oe lotip before ir:<; variiki- da\.? of Ccronado VetUBXtda Cortex. They are a proua rtrjej vd and silent race, and for yc-o.rs rc-s-'Tilcd at;y visit? from white men. The Mf»<iu5 sre "fnlculturai Indians, and their" two •tFRSisest dances are j.ans of ctrftr.r.ni'.s ih.-u woo tbe frwor of tbe God of Rain T.Jiese their «.ioijs have J»ecn plasted .-''id !n^.«ture is nefcessary to that SreZStatlon. Th»- country is very arid, and vatcr is caturaUy tb« most Inrrhiy nr.zed sift th(» Eavases receive. Thej' have a belief Aa» «om»»wh:'re away up among the lOftUsi pcakJ of the Sierra Nevada* triers rei«occ3 a monster rattlesnake. n-^r>v jii'.i'^- )nr.s and uncountable rods n ririh Tii" s»od will of this reptile must be cultivated if there is to be any lain or *nncv for the siowth of corn one. melons an^ mesquite beans. On each altcrnat« yc;.r the MoquJ peo ple of the two m-fa«— Towa and WrJpI— join in ceremonies in propitiation of the ra~'n pods. This la one of the year* of DroDitialioTi. ar.J the pnake dance that was performed at Walpi the latter part of August was probably as hideous an Hffair e« was ever known in America. The exiake ceremonies began August 18 and extended into the last week of the month. The dancers carry living ana wTlthinff rattlesnakes about In their mouths »md pack a dozen or eo of the reptiles In the bosom of th*ir garments with perfect indifference aa to their bites and venom. Such a feat of occultism Is probably found nowhere else. Between one hundred and two hundred younff In dian braves ar« chosen by the Medicine Man to enact the principal parts in the rattlesnake- <Ja-r.ce. For weeks before the ceremonies hs!f the Moqul tribe I? out hunting over the sunbaked mesas, through the canyons and among the sage» br-.;«h on the foothills for rattlesnakes, By in<-at-.s of a forked stick th<» serpents are fastened to the ground whenever spio.i. and the Indians are adepts at catching and lapginy the reptiles by a few r<:ro:t movements. Hundred* of rattlesnakes are j>laee«l in a l.u^-e basket In the outskirts of the vJl lape. On the.appointed day of the festi val tho ciiost!) warriors march forth to the dandnit-STound. which has been srrewn by liie fijuaws with sacred meal. The craves arc srantlly clad, and on each Ipz is a small terrapin ehell, ir. which are placed small pebbles, which t-]pJKE Tenders cf the occult sciences ; .'o by no means confined to the . j'r.:::cf pe<ip;» of the roount«inou» r^~r> of Northern Ind'a. alth^-:=n the marvels of the scicme have been more developed there than anywhere else in :he world. There are several tribes of Incurs In Arizona Territory that per? form feats a* remarkable an«l astonish ing as the greater part of tbr*« Been !n India and Arabia. The Coccpahs perform a f*>at <->f l«rtt»tlbn— 4tuit *.e. ih« power of sufper.rilr.jr an article in midair with cut me an? of wpport— and at certain tribal cercyiier.ials the;. requently *us per.d an arrow or a h: ih« air for porr.e seconds. Tbe Pim*s or Southern Arizona have several trick" lhat have b.--c:i handed down 10 their medicine nit-n thror.cfti £«-Tieratioiis U>n^ l>efore the 'lays of Monteuma end «"<>rt«-z. in apparent violation of laws of nature. For ins::ir.<-e, travelers jr.iong them tell of »h*ir medi cine man having caused the seaming <5--a:h cf boy* by a poisonous weed and tJipn af'er t he lads have h.-td two <2ay^ experience in th*> spirit world the m~>2i c:n<» rnea have brought them h.-uk to Iff*. Another feat of theirs Es said t.i i<e the drfnkinc ad iib of Quantities ..f hVMi-.e hot water with no raore effect upon them than a draught from a <-<x>l. ?;>ark!i:-!« spring. The Apaches Vnc a f«.-w Seats In horscmanslr.p that border on th* 5n credib'?. but tb« Moouis or Mok'.s or Hopi [ff'il'Pf of Northtr-.i Arlzor.a axe tii» n. i.-i i:Ae-rcFi'.::s ludian? !n po'.nt «>f f-'r;-r.p;- CQStOBis ar<l startling ceretntmiea < '. ¦ r.y in \ho Union. The Moqyjs <"f>ea' e-iovirzr people*') i!ve rearer to th» habits of tr.f-.r .inc-t'in trr :; a.r.y Iridiant In l 1 .^.? SrutV.r.-est. Their •• ; celebrations are to-day exactly Similar to tho^e that Cnro-.atlo wrote sliout '.n his military diary v/liers be nsarched Uarotusfc Ari:i<-,r.a and New Mex ico on e5cp€-<2!i:<j:i of conquest in V>V Live Rattlesnakes in Their Mouths While They Dance f>It th.it now was coming the climax. Tha fire was renewed, and the air became op pressively hot and noisome. Another beating- of the tom-tom, and three old In dians with nothing on but prodigious strings of shells and teeth of wild beast3 r.nd paint from head to foot came forth. Kach hail, a live rattlesnake about his neck. They danced backward and, for ward, unwound the reptiles from tnetr necks and performed several feats with the. writhing creatures. They threw them In the air as one would a cat: they placed them In their breechcloths and they placed the heads of the reptiles in their own mouths, while they leaped about and swuns one another like rollicking; little schoolboys."- « Another signal on the drum or tom-tom and ten young mon arrayed in paint and ornaments, as the othors. ran forth upon the raised platform. Kach seized one of the realistic representations o£ the rattlers and in a second was b;ick of the curtain. In a moment it seemed as if piuidemon ium was let loose. Such a noise as cam* forth from behind that curtain could hardly have been heard anvwhere elsa than in a. menagerie of terrified beasts. There wore far-splitting yells, piercinff shrieks, sepulchral groans, startling Imi tations of the pereeeii of a lynx, the howla of a coyote and the grunt of an enra«ed, grizzly bear, combined with hisses, roars and every bars!] sound that the human voice is rp.pable of and noises made on Jndian mu>ieii! Instruments. The stono chamber rang with the dreadful sounds. ami a number of the white visitors were Indeed very much frightened. The noises had continued for a moment or so when, at once, the serpents which had been carried behind the curtain dart ed their enormous heads through the holes in its lower part, rno at each hole. They camo out, head and back and almost half their length- moving their heads from slda to side as if singling out a spectator fop attack, their white teeth gleaming, their jaws opening wide and again closing with a snap and their red, forked tongues con stantly darting in and out of their months. At the same time the performer who had taken the snake under his arm seemed about to be overpowered by It3 strength. It struggled to escape, twisting: Its ugly neck about his arm, dnrting Ita tongue into his very face, and then, rear ing up. would throw itself out with a mighty spring', so that he had to clasp both arms around it and preaa it tightly against his naked bosom to hold it. It was simply awful. All this time the old man in the white mask — who represented the UnlTcrsa] Mother, the creator and fructitler of everything— was moving rap idly from one snake to another, sprink ling upon the head of each some of the sacred meal from the pouch hung at h!3 neck. The snake stretched out their long necks as he approached, sometimes three or. four fret beyond the curtain, pushing their heads against each other and dart- Ing out their tongues in their eagerness to get at the meal and their anger at the delay. As a head was thrust out the old man would throw his right arm ariiind the slimy neck and hold it close attalnst lii.3 side while he allowed It to lick up the m^al which he held out tx> It in his left hand. As the make turned and twisted it seemed to require his whole strength to hold it. as much as If he were trying to restrain an unruly horse by th« bridle. At the same time the other man was struggling with the other ser pent, the sweat rolling down his naked body and his muscles standing out like those on a gladiator. The unearthly cries and roars behind the curtain new ceased, while the dancers at their «!(!« kept up all the whi!e their monotonous* chant a-step to the time of the turtle rattles. THE SUNDAY CALL. 13 DO ?HE?R HTDSOUS ?PJ£K£ ' BY THE OP The Moquis Are At It Again of September. 8nd less than a half-dozen persons outside of the tried and true war riors of the nation are permitted to look opon the hideous performance. The Pa lull-kong Is performed for five successive nights, and it was only by extraordinary Influence with the snake priests that three white people were admitted to the kiva during the recent performances. Of the Pa-luli-kong the feeding of the eacred serpents is the most shocking and grewsome. This part of the Moqul ritual is performed in the dead of night in a sort of stone grotto or subterranean chamber. plete absence from the sun. The Indian guide safd it had grown there rapidly In the kiva this season, and that It meant the big snake was going 1 to send heap rain for the Moquls this year. About the rough hewn walls of the chamber were horrible wooden images of snakes, with green skins, blood-red and shiny eyes and black tongues. At each end of the raised stage were mammoth representatives of horned toads done in wood. The Indian guide whispered that they were "heap old"— had been there long before there were any white men. anywhere.