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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, November 23, 1900, Image 6

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"AN OPPORTUNITY— Take advantage of the
round-trip steamer tickets, only $60 during; No
vember/ including fifteen days*. board at Hotel
del Coronado, the Ideal summer and winter re-
Bort; : Apply at 4 New Montgomery . at., city.
WASHINGTON. Nov. 22.— P. Sweed.
Mrs. P. Sweed, the Mis*es Sweed and Mas
ter Sweed, of San Francisco, and D. K.
Edwards, of Los Angeles, are at the Ra
leigh. *.. ... L^g^tfs
A Kentucky cashier is $200,000 short in his accounts
and he blames the races. He ought to be able to
sympathize with the story of the ass who tried to feed
in a field of thistles.
Superintendent of Schools Webster has resented the
interference of the Board of Supervisors in his affairs.
Perhaps he shares a very general belief that the board
has as much as it can do to mind its own business.
Lord Salisbury has decided, in condescending re
luctance, to accept a salary as Premier of England.
If it really pains him there is no doubt that some
of his influential friends can save him from the un
necessary infliction. ; •¦
His Highness the Mayor has been authorized by
the Supervisors to fell seven horses at auction. Here
at last is an opportunity for using our glorious muni
cipal flag; his Highness may drop it instead of the
hammer at the sale.
General Kitchener, it. is announced, intends to pur
sue in South Africa the dread tactics which made war
a horror of extermination in. North Africa. And
British statesmen still prate of the glories of their
civilization. . •
In the general shuffle which accompanies the la
bored efforts of our "reform" municipal administra
tion the city has lost several bronze lamps. Perhaps
some local Diogenes believes that he needs them all
in his business.
Norman Godkin von Galen, with blood as noble as
his name is long, has deserted the battlefields of
Luzon to be arrested for reading palms in-.Tacoma.
He should have- tried to turn his Own hands to ad
vantage instead of those of others.
The police believe that they have captured,the thiei
who robbed Collector of Internal Revenue Lynch of
many, of his valuable household effects. And' the
strangest part of the affair appears to be that nothing
indicates that the malefactor is one of the Collector's
political friends. , .
A national proposition is on foot to remove the
internal war tax on the vast business which passes
through the hands of the express companies. Wash
ington evidently recognizes that the gigantic outrage
of the Wells- Fargo Company and its associates upon
There remains, it is true, a little element of doubt
fulness in the lease, as one feature of it will have to be
submitted to the Legislature for ratification. It i s not
likely, however, that any strong objection vvill be
made to it there. Every clause has been carefully con
sidered after prolonged investigation of all subjects
that in any way affect it or will be in any. way affected
by it. Commissioner Herold is quoted as saying:
*'\Vie feel that it is so drawn that the interests of the
State will be carefully guarded, and at the same time
the railroad company properly p-otected in its rights."
Prominent representatives of the Merchants' Associa-
AT last the lease of China Basin to the San Fran-
ClSCO and San Joaquin Valley Railroad has
been satisfactorily arranged, agreed upon, exe
cuted and signed. Thus another avenue has been
opened for the advancement of the interests of the city
and the State. All good tilings appear to be coming
to us at once. A tremendous victory for prosperity
was gained in the Presidential election, the abundant
rains have brought a promise of bountiful crops, the
Southern Pacific has passed under a new management
that will doubtless devote its energies to a strict at
tenti«n to business, the gap in the coast road is about'
to be closed; the Pacific Commercial Museum has be
gun actual work, and now the lease of China Basin
gives a terminal in this city to a competing trans
continental road. With all those advantages to start
with, the coming year ought tq be a record-breaker
in the way of industrial and commercial activitv.
Iowa is to have a constitutional convention on her
hands without wishing it. The statutes of the State
provide that the question of calling such a convention
shall be submitted to the people every ten years, and
accordingly it was so submitted at the recent elec
tion. There was nothing to hold such a convention
for, and no argument was made upon it by either side.
Every one supposed it would be rejected as a matter
of course, but when the voters got to the polls they
voted affirmatively on every proposition and carried
the constitutional convention along with the rest. It
has been a great year in Iowa.
Mrs. Genevieve Green Hamilton, who, as
Genevieve Green, has done much clever
foreign correspondence for The Call, has
arrived here from Europe. She is the
gruest of Mr.. and Mrs. XV. S. Leake at the
Palace. ¦ »
William F. Herrln of the Southern Pa
cific leaves to-day for Washington to pre
pare for the coming ¦ hearing before the
Interstate Commerce Commission relative
to a suit-brou&ht against the company by
the Merchants' Association of St. Louis.
E. E. Silve'rstone, contracting agent for
the Southern Pacific, lias been appointed
traveling freight agent for the Rio Grande
Western, to succeed G. H. McMillan, re
P. ileigs, wlth,his'wlfe and three daugh
ters, arrived at the Palace yesterday from
Santa Barbara and they will remain in
the city for some time. >
E.B. Shaw. a. prominent Chicago mer
chant, arrived at the California yester
day with his wife and they will spend a
month or six weeks here. ; .:-V* :.-;;
General Manager W. G. Nevin of the
Santa Fo arrived In the city yesterday
from Los Angeles. He Is on a tour of in
'A. M. Tinker, who Is connected with
the Interior Department at Washington,
was among yesterday's arrivals at the
Marcus A. Smith and L. H. Manning,
Tucson. Ariz., mining men, are registered
at the Palace. . '
Former Mayor Robert Effey of Santa
Cruz is stopping at the California for a
day or two.
J. H. Elnhorn, a big Santa Rosa mer
chant, is at the California,
Surveyor General M. J. Wright and wife
of Sacramento are at the Grand,
Captain Walter Swelson of tho United
States army is at the California.
V. E. Schumberg, a New York city, min
ing man, is stopping at the Palace.
John T. Grace, a Santa Rosa merchant,
is stopping at the Grand.
W. O. Gosslin, a prominent Portland
merchant, Is at the Palace. ! *
Aromas. Cal. The Stanford Univcrsl'tv i«
in the hands of trustees under an onAnJ
ment by the founder. Inland Stan fo?n
a memorial to the memory of his son 'l^ 9
land Stanford Jr. The cxDons^ Ji ' Lc "
by the revenue from* the ffiwmenP The
students are not charged any tuition fee
The widow of Leland Stanford has fur'
ther endowed the institution.
EORN ABROAD-H.W.. Butte Mont
The naturalization laws of the Un?t"d
States say that the children of persons
who are now or have been citl7*>n« T «* ,u
United States are thofiMS *S o he
SS?£. a £n33 r eS 1C^
SkSfcJ&K? l b J5ST-? "SS
United States, should that Kl. 1^
the United States during "hi, *E3nS?l?y I
stated in the letter of inquiry he would
?Ste attaInInff majorlt y ha^ the rtgh? U !o
TION-W. R., City. The Maine was de
stroyed February 15, 1SD8; the blockade of
Cuban ports commenced April 23 isns-
Manila was captured August 13 ISOS ami
the first fight between Filipinos and
Am " lcan soldiers was at Paco February
THE MINT-M. G. IT., city. There Is
no position in the United States Branch
Mint in San Francisco designated as "Hdv
to take care of the ladies* lunchroom"
There is a janitress at the Mint £L
looks after the welfare of the ladle*
?2 2r e p d er h d a r y: The salar * °* JanUrlss^
AUTOMOBILES-A., Ockemlen, Cal
The department of Answers to Coir*'
spondents does not advertise any kind of
business, and for that rea«of. J~,~ I
"print in the Answers to Correspondent
the names and addresses of amomobi 0
companies in San Francisco." CoV re
spondents desiring business addressY*. nf
firms should Inclose a self-addressed and
stamped envelope for reply UIt * 3et » ana
For Information about the Sprlng-er helra
of Wilmington, Del., address a letter of
Inquiry to the County Clerk of Newcastle
County, Delaware.
THE AUDITOR— F. T., City. An Aud
itor in a city or city and county Is respon
sible on his bond for any act by which he
illegally indorses demands upon which
moneys are paid. But before any action
can be taken it must be established that
his act was illegal.
Groveland. Cal. ' The coldest recorded
weather In the United States Is Poplar
River, Mont.. January 1, 1885. 63 1-10 de
grees below zero. At Werchojuask Sibe
ria, on the 15th of January. 1SS5, the rec
ord was 90 4-10 degrees below zero.
What more does the spirit of the Great Khan ask,
through the body of President Martin of the New
University of Peking?
For every woman missionary Sacrificed by the
Eoxers 500 Chinese women have gone to torture and
death. For every man ordained for martyrdom a
thousand Chinese men have atoned with their lives.
For every missionary child cut down in its innocence
a hundred Chinese babies have been tossed and im
paled on Cossack spears. For every missionary com
pound burned or sacked value a hundredfold has been
looted in Tientsin and Pelting.
The murder of the missionaries was a great crime,
to be atoned for. The siege of the legations must b
avenged and some one* punished for it. But has not
slaughter of the Chinese gone far enough to more than
balance the ird ledger? If Dr. Martin is to be ap
proved by his Christian brethren, why should the
clergy of Denver reprehend the burning of Porter?
If we carry our religion abroad to be practiced in the
line of Dr. Martin's idea, why not practice it at home
in the same line?
Does Dr. Martin consider that phase of it? Does
he try to put himself in the place of China, over
run by foreigners, who enter a door opened by for
gery to attack all other forms of religion and mu
tually assault the sectarian forms by themselves pro
fessed? Does he consider the effect upon an ancient,
people of taking advantage of a forgery to attack the
moral foundations of a nation whose system was
ancient when the other existing world religions were
What is it all about? A French missionary forged
a clause into the treaty of i860 by which missionaries
v.ere to be free commoners in the Middle Kingdom.
They went there from many nations, leaving behind
them a greater need for their services than they found
in China. We do not say that all of them knew they
were protected by a forgery, but all might have
known it.
If Dr. Martin will indulge in a little introspection
he will probably see the spirit of the Great Khan in
side himself. As between him and the Empress Dow
ager we are inclined to think that warlike and crue!
shade would be more at home inside the president of
the new university of Peking.
REV. DR. MARTIN, president of the New Im
perial University of Peking, whatever that may
be, has indulged in an "open letter" in which
he chides all who advise moderation and mercy in
dealing with the Chinese. He sees the spirit of th.e
Great Khan in the withered body of the Empress
Dowager and desires to hit it hard. He says that no
punishment can be »od severe for the murder of the
•missionaries. The Great Khan, Genghiz the Con
cueror, used to be of the same opinion. - He boiled
victims in oil, burned them in great heaps, grilled
them in cities which he put to the torch, and the
blackened foundations of which he then plowed up
and sowed with salt. He built pyramids of skulls of
the slaughtered and strewed the world with their
bones. In earning out his policy, which was politico
religious, it was his opinion that no punishment was
too great for those who opposed him, and as an in
ventor of punishments he was a past master.
While much can be done under the existing sys
tem in the way of redressing evils, a comprehensive
plan of encouraging mining and protecting the rights
of miners can hardly be effected until all governmental
work of any kind relating to the industry is placed
under one responsible head. For that reason the de
mand for the establishment of a national Department
of Mines is one of justice and expediency. The issue
should be strenuously urged upon Congress. It will
not be a forlorn hope fight by any means, for in all
sections of the Union there are powerful interests to
be served by it, and if the West take the lead there will
be no lack of supporters from the East and from the
I— RESOLUTIONS adopted by the Miners' Con
|—/ vention show that the amount of work which
will have to be done in the way of reform legis
lation to remedy existing evils is of sufficient magni
tude to fully justify the demand for the establishment
of a national Department of Mines and Mining. It
appears that almost every branch of the law affecting
the industry requires revision to some extent, and
such revision cannot be effectively carried out except
under the direction of a responsible head.
A brief review of the resolutions will show the na
ture of the evils complained of and the character of
the legislation desired. The passage of the measu-e
known as the "California mineral lands bill" is urged
for the purpose of "preventing the further absorption
by corporate interests of an area of land of great
value to the prospector and the miner"; the execu
tive committee of the association is instructed to test
in the courts the right of a miner to carry on hydraulic
mining when "holding a regularly issued license by
the Galifornia Debris Commission"; revision of ex
isting laws is recommended so as to "effectually check
the present injurious practice of holding mining
claims year after year without development"; Con
gress is called upon to put an end to the practice of
securing "as agricultural lands, by the use of so-called
scrip and otherwise, great tracts of the public domain
that are unquestionably mineral in character"; the
passage of an act by which "the location of petroleum
placer claims is so regulated as to secure to the miner
an opportunity to make technical discovery" is fa
vored; State legislation for the purpose of promoting
and protecting petroleum mining is called for; the
State is urged to be liberal in supporting the Mining
Bureau, the work of the Debris Commission is ap
proved and additional appropriations are recom
mended for its work, and forest preservation is urged
upon both the State and the nation.
With such an array of work on hand it is not
strange the convention should have included among
its resolutions one declaring: "That in the judgment
qi this association the mining industry of this country
with its output of raw material exceeding a billion oi
dollars in annual value, its tremendous significance to
the industrial prosperity of the nation and its still
ifrere splendid promise for the future, warrants and
demands the governmental protection and assistance
that can be adequately extended only through a Cab
inet department of the executive branch of the Gov
ernment. We therefore heartily indorse the now na
tional demand for a Cabinet Department of Mines and
Is most unfortunate 'that a commission
was not appointed to represent California
at the Paris fair which would have gone
ahead .In a businesslike manner to make
a first class exhibit of our resources, for
the purpose of attracting settlers and
capital, after the fashion of the hlghly
successful exhibits that have been made
by Southern California at Chicago. San
Francisco, Atlanta and elsewhere. Major
Truman la reported to have remarked be
fore leaving for Europe that what the
Parisians wanted was to be entertained,
not instructed. He appears to have car
ried out his ideas on this point. Whether
the taxpayers o? California Trill approve
of such a programme remains to be seen.
One hundred and thirty thousand dollars
is a large sum to expend upon a good time
for half a dozen people, even if the hospi
tality of the State has been incidentally
RIVERSIDE PRESS— "We are not aware
who did the Job of estimating on the com
ing orange crop, which we believe orig
inated with the Los Angeles Evening Ex
press, and has been widely republished
since. The figures given are 25.0)0 car
loads, and we believe they are much too
high. Deducting the lemons we have not
shipped over 17,000 carloads of oranges for
1S93-1900, and to suppose that the com
ing crop will be 8000 cara more than that
is absurd. We have talked with a good
many fruit men In Southern California
about the matter, and the general consen
sus of opinion is that the crop will not be
much larger than last year— say 20,000 car
loads at the outside, with lemons enough
to make a total output of 22.000 cars. The
fruit will run more to large sizes this year
than last, but in the mature orchards
there is nothing to justify any prediction
of a large Increase In the total crop.
army reorganization bill and the Nica
ragua Canal bill would make a splendid
record for the short session of Congress.
In addition to the regular appropriation
bills. There is not a great deal of time
for action during the short session and
the appropriation bills take a great deal
of attention. We hope, however, that
there may be a bill passed appropriating
a definite sum for water storage reser
voirs, even if the amount Is not over
$50,000 or $oO. As soon as a beginning Is
made then it will not be within the power
of one man to prevent appropriations here
after on the point of new legislation In an
appropriation bill.
of the general Government, recently, in
appointing three students of the Univer
sity of California to the task of charting
the Philippine Islands for the United
States is" worthy of more than passing
notice. It is an act that will tend greatly
to encourage practical education. "When
our universities can turn out students
capable of performing such a responsible
task, it shows that the work U good. The
three young men are members of the de
partment of civil engineers, and are ap
pointed on the recommendation of prom
inent professors of the institution.
In all his hHoousness, as witness the
Colorado incident.
while the Christians 3000 years ago were
being put to death and covered with pitch
set flre to to illumine the circus arena was
not the less barbaric and fiendish than
those 300 Lincoln County men who chained
a miserable negro ravlsher to an Iron rail,
poured kerosene on him and set fire to
him with a match. After all this boasted
civilization of ours Is but a thin veneer.
The savage man la in us all. --The veneer
cf civilization cracks every now and then
and exposes the savage and brutal man
of moralizing may now be expected over
the burning In Colorado of a fiend who
richly deserved to die. While mob law
is generally to be deplored, if there ever
was a case in which it was excusable, this
is one. The men who took the law into
their own hands In this instance felt that
they were fully justified in what they
were doing and no utterances whatever
will cut any figure in the case. It will
be just as well to dismiss the matter with
the least possible discussion.
ing to the new plan of redlstrlcting the
State into Congressional districts, which
is now being carefully considered by the
Republicans of California, and which
will: be' submitted to the next session of
the Legislature for ratification, it is pro
posed to cut Los Angeles loose from the
counties which it has so long governed
and make that county a district by itself.
Good bye to Los Angeles. Half regretful,
and yet greatly pleased, are the people of
this section to lose it.
TULARE REGISTER-About the first
hard work we may expect Congress to
take hold of upon reassembling will be
the construction of the Nicaragua Canal.
The East Is for it now and the
combinations of the transcontinental rail
roads cannot prevail against the move
ment. There will be as little delay as pos
sible In beginning the work. • The first
year of the new century will see the first
dirt thrown.
POMONA PROGRESS— So many- prom
inent citizens of this community— lawyers,
educators and merchants — Insisted upon
taking plunge baths, or wading in water
with their shoes in their hands, in the
main business thoroughfares of the city
while the streets were flooded with water
on Saturday, that the City Trustees are
talking of passing an ordinance forbidding
bathing and wading barefoot In water In
the public streets.
RED BLUFF NEWS-Several towns In
the valley complain that there are not
houses enough in them to accommodate
the people who wish to make them their
homes. The reason given by real estate
men for not building houses to rent Is
that the coat of building Is so great that
the rents to be obtained are not sufficient
to pay interest on the investment.
FETAL.UMA ARGUS— It has always
been pur opinion that In the matter of
primary election laws to govern the af
fairs of parties In their nominations and
manipulation of their own concerns, the
law should be very simple. The one thing
to provide against la fraud by rings and
Late dispatches announce 'that our controversy
with Canada is at last to be settled, but without con
sideration to the Alaskan boundary, the critical point
at issue. Our English cousins no doubt like our
friendship, but are evidently determined to lose noth
ing by it.
Editorial Opinion From All Parts of the State
on Matters of Interest.
JOHN D. SPRECKELS. Proprietor.
Address AM Communications to W. S. LEAKE, Manager.
MANAGER'S OFFICE Tolephoiie^lPr^M^Sa*
J'lBMCATIO.V OFFirB...MiirkH and Third. S. F.
Telephone Prrnm 201.
EDITORIAL ROOMS 217 to 221 SteTtnion St.
Telephone Prefta 202.
Delivered Ux- Turrlern. 15 Cent" Per Weelt.
Slnprle Copies. R Cent".
Term* hy Mnl!. In'clndtni; Pontajret
r>AIL,Y CALL< <ine!udin«r Sunday), one r'»r J«.™
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7>AILT CALI^-By Sintfe Month «5e
n'NDAT CALJ^. Ow Tear I.M
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• nbacrf ptlonn.
FarrpV copies will be forwarded when requested.
Matl *ur*cr1b*n> 'n nr«1»r«njr rharir* of a4Ar»r* rhrwXf. N»
rarMcnlsr to r!*-e both NEW AND OLD APPRKPS In order
to insure a prompt and correct compliance with their request.
Wenager Foreign Advertisinjr. Marquette Building, Chicago.
(Lore Distance Telephone "Central 2619.")
C. C. CARLTON* Iternld Sqnarc
f-TEPITEN B. SMITH .^ SO Trlbnne Ilalldlnsc
WsJdrrf-Artcria. Hotel; A. Erentano. a Union Siuare;
Murray Hill Hotel.
Ebennan How**: P. O. Ntwi Co.: Great Northern Hotel;
Fresjont House; Auditorium Hotel.
WAsmwcTox rn. c> office 1400 n m.. *. w.
MOIITOV E. CRA\E. Correspondent.
BRANCH OFFICHS 527 Montgomery, comer of Clay, cpen
«ntll t:SO o - elock. 8"0 Hayes, open until *:*> o'clock. Ml
McAllister, open until 9:S0 o'clock. 615 Larkin, open nntil
t:K o'clock. 1**1 Mission, open until 10 o'clock. 2261 Market,
corner Sixteenth, open until f o'clock. 1C9« Valencia, open
until S o'clock. 10« Eleventh, open until 9 o'clock. XW. eor-
T^r Tw^nty-ye<*on4 and Kentucky. or-n tintll 9 o'clork.
In his view of policy and principle he is a destroyer
snd not a constructor, and his faculty for destruction
is carried into his party leadership. He found the
Democratic party in power and led it out and in each
of his campaigns led it further out, until now it is in
the wilderness, with no place to lay its head and no
head to lay if it had. Republicans are far from re
joicing that all this is so to the extent to which it is
so. The health of a party in power requires an op
position that is more than a mob or a memory. The
old Democracy is a memory, and the Bryan Democ
racy is a mob.
The hard background to all this iridescent vision
is the fact that Mr. Bryan has already made political
kindling-wood of two old parties, the Democratic and
Populist, and has left on the fence the hide of one
new one, the Silver Republican.
We are amazed at Mr. Washburn's moderation.
Why does he cut the Republican and Democratic
parties into thirds? Why not pass the whole of each
tc Bryan on a silver platter and invite him to go an*l
be inaugurated without further formality, while Hill,
Gorman and Croker sit listening to the tick-tack of
"the machine"? *
All right. But a word right here. Mr. Washburn
will need the services of more "repeaters" than history
tc make such a movement win.
Mr. Washburn then abandons himself to frenzy, in
vhich he prophesies that: "Although unsuccessful at
the polls. Bryan is s mightier man than his suc
cessful opponent. He is the greatest political cru
sader the world has ever seen. He stands alone. He
13 enough of a political genius to become the
founder of a great new party, even as Jefferson
founded the Democratic and Lincoln the Republican
party. Millions of men would enthusiastically rally to
his standard under these new conditions. It is not
extravagant to say that Bryan would thus hold two
thirds of the Democratic party and would soon at
tract at least one-third of the Republicans. These,
together with the other reform forces, would give him
before the next election a majority of the voters of the
country-" Where now is Colonel Sellers?
Mr. Washburn declares that Mr. Bryan "will not
again become the candidate of the Democratic party.
He will not surrender to that element. He will not
repudiate his record. He will not disappoint his
friends. But he can lead to victory a new party, con
ducted on safe and conservative yet progressive lines.
Therefore, to hold what we have 'and maintain our
present momentum a new party must be formed.
This can be accomplished by uniting the Bryan Dem
ocrats, Bryan Republicans, Populists and other
smaller bodies." We make no quarrel with Mr.
Washburn for talking about a new party, that is not
born yet nor christened, "holding what it has, and
maintaining its present momentum," but pass on to
his description of what is to happen when it is born,
named, and holding the momentum and things which
it had before its own existence. He proposes that
after it is created there shall be added to it "The
strong personality and masterful leadership of Bryan,
and history would repeat itself in the rapid assembling
of patriots to uphold and preserve the national honor
under the inspiration of the Lincoln of the new cen
His proclamation is very rhapsodical. He charac
terizes the union of Populists, Silver Republicans and
so forth, on the Chicago and Kansas City platforms as
eh unwise "attempt to put new wine into old bottles."
That Scriptural reference as to the jugging of new
wine arose out of the fact that the bottles spoken of
were pigskins, and the ne.v wine burst them and was
wasted. Therefore it is that Mr. Washburn considers
the Democratic name and organization as a pigskin,
and an old one at that, unable to bear the pressure. of
such effervescent contents as Populism and the other
political vagaries which sent the brains of the old
Democracy out of the party and failed to bring any
new brains in to take their place. Mr. Washburn
frankly states that the pigskin will go back to the con
trol of "Gorman, Hill and Croker and the old ma
chine regime they represent." That is to say, if there
is anything left of the Democracy which went on a
debauch at Chicago and failed to sober up at Kansas
City, the three worthies named may have it, and
go to!
Among these the most excited seems to be Mr.
George F. Washburn, president of the Bryan Clubs
of Massachusetts. Mr. Washburn does not take the
preliminary precaution to confer with anybody. He
sits down and makes a new party out of his own head
and invites approving 'and admiring correspondence
as to his head and handiwork.
THE St. Paul conference between Mr. Towne,
Mr. Shively and other committcemen and sup
porters of Mr. Bryan, in the Middle West,
which had for its purpose examination of the wreck
of Democracy wrought by the new departure of 1896.
has roused other political architects and new party
not altogether amiss to paraphrase the
creed of the wise man cited by Andrew
Fletcher to Montrose. and to nay, "Let*
me control the railroads of a nation and I
care not who makes its treaties and its
lawa." That would be within the limits
of. discretion, at any rate, in the case of
such a country as China la to-day. Dip
lomats may make treaties for open doors
and what not. The practical execution of
those treaties will lie In the actual open
ing up of the country through the exten.
sion of railroad lines. The function of the
diplomat Is as essential as ever, but it
must be supplemented, or perhaps more
properly complemented, by that of the
engine«r. Civilization may sometimes get
forward upon a powder cart, but the rail
road car In its more general and more ef
fective vehicle of progress.
as *tt£ present situation continues what
is thcTjse of saying and of pretending to
believe that there is no longer any sec
tionalism in the country; that the divi
sion between North and South has been
ended; that we are ail a happy band or
brothers? There is sectionalism, section
alism of the worst and most dangerous
k'.nd, and it is the part of wisdom to rec
ognize the fact and so consider by what
means, if by any. the evil can be cured.
It is no use denouncing the South for the
attitude which it persists in maintaining.
It has Its reasons which it deems suffi
cient and upon which it has a right to
act. The thing to do Is to find out if there
is any way of convincing the Southern
mind that the attitude Is one for ¦which
there is no occasion and which ought to
be abandoned.
long will the South maintain Us solidity?
For one thing, it Is becoming rapidly a
commercial instead of & purely agricul
tural region. Cotton is not only grown
there; it Is also spun and woven. Mills
are springing up with an abundance and
a success that the mill men of Massachu
setts do not need to be told of. Cities are
growing, and, even this year, there was a
decided opposition to Mr. Bryan, though
it was not openly expressed. His defeat
has brought no regrets there. Several
States, by methods that are altogether
unjustifiable and indefensible, have prac
tically disfranchised the negro. But the
one explanation offered by Southern peo
ple for their proverbial solidity has been
the innate opposition to alliance with the
colored voters.
thing practical In the way of expansion
is in contemplation by the States General
of Holland, namely, the draining of the
Zuyder Zee,, that great grulf which 400
years ago was created in the heart of the
Netherlands by the Incursion of the sea.
Around Its border are what are known as
the "dead cities." and beneath them
nearly a thousand square miles of land.
A scheme of partial reclamation was de
termined on some two years ago, preserv
ing the deep-water channels and a small
er lake; but now. it appears, this is to be
substituted by a complete drainage of the
vast area. Much of the ancient beauty
and charm of those "dead cities" will be
taken away, but when accomplished Hol
land's people will be much richer.
doubted if a more tremendous compliment
has ever been paid to any race of men.
than is offered to the Scots by Joseph
Sohn in the current Gnnton's Magazine.
Eulogists have dilated upon the Greek's
intellectual keenness, the Roman's genius
for administration, the Arab's generosity,
the Turk's fortitude, the Spaniard's cour
tesy, the Frenchman's precision, the Ital
ian's art. the Russian's patience, the Ger
man's steadfastness, the Scandinavian's
couraere and the Englishman's love of
freedom. To the Scots Mr. Sohn gives
still higher praise. He asserts that they
are the dominating, though silent, partner
in the great "house" known as the Eng
lish-speaking races, now leaders In the
business of civilization.
The evil of the Increase of divorces fa
recognized, especially when they are sur
reptitiously obtainedTv But divorce Is the
consequence and not ' the cause of the
breaking up of families. Its chief cause
is inconsiderate marriages. Where civil
divorces are not allowed, there Is apt to
be a great deal of immorality resulting.
While there are a few persons who con
tract the divorce habit, the majority of
those who get divorces either remain sin
gle or. remarrying, get along with their
new conjugal partners as well as the av
erage of married people.
must provide not only, for a new army
but for an improve! staff system. We
outfit to Ret rid as s.ion as we can of the
unfair and antiquated arrangement which
has permitted the bureaucrats at the na
tional capital to wax fat and lazy at the
expense of the officers of the line. A man
who has had a certain length of service
at Washington, dancing attendance at
balls and receptions, should be sent to the
front, both for the sak* of pivir.g some
body else a chance to er.joy life at Wash
ington and also to enable him to acquire
some useful knowledge o? the art of war
fare away from the enticements of an
agreeable but enervating society.
NEW YORK SUN— Actually there 1»
no "nejrro domination" In any State or
this Union, and t) ere has been no danger
of any for many years past. SrvlarRe a per
centage of the nej-Toes are illiterate that
It is easy for any State to prevent it by
requiring an educa-ional qualification for
the franchise, which would be strictly con
TISER—To dis;ouraRe divorce effectively,
it must be im«le unfashionable, as well
as punishable ty every possible social and
ecclesiastical sanction that can be
brouRht to bear against it. and or these
the frown and penalty of Protestant Epis
copal authority Tisited upon Its fashiona
ble congregation;- is not the least.
These are illustrations of the rapidity with which
Pacific Ocean shipping is advancing, and as Congress
will in all probability pass the shipping bill this win
ter, the rate of expansion in the next few years will be
greatly increased. Thus it will be seen we are none
too early in arranging for an increase of wharf room,
and the city, the State and the railroads are to be con
gratulated on the good prospect that such increase
will be speedily attained.
In commenting upon the need of increased wharf
age Mr. Irving M. Scott gave some 'figures that are
interesting. He said: "Since June of this year ves
sels aggregating 250,000 tons intended for use oh the
Pacific have been contracted for, and during the year
ending June 30 vessels were finished or contracted for
aggregating 350,000 tons. Among these were seventy
six steamers, of which ten are of 10,000 tons each.
Hill is having two monster steamers of 33,000 tons
loaded displacement built, the Pacific Mail two of
18.000 tons displacement, and there are on the ways
in this city two steamers of 16,500- tons loaded dis
placement for the American-Hawaiian Steamship
Company. John D. Spreckels is having three steam
ers ¦ of 6000 tons each built. Captain Dollar has a
large steamer on the ways, and • the Pacific Coast
Steamship Company is building a fast steamer to run
between San Francisco and Seattle."
The benefits to result from the establishment of a
railroad terminal at the basin are many. The first will
be the improvement of that section of the water front
and a large district of the city adjoining it. The in
creased wharfage that will result from the improve
ment will in itself be of immense advantage to us at
this juncture, when there is such urgent need of
greater facilities for shipping.
tion, who from the first have taken a keen interest in
the lease and have- studied every feature of. it,
have also cordially commended the terms in which it
is drawn. Being thus satisfactory to the officers of tha
State, the representatives of the* railroad and to the
merchants of the city, it is hardly likely a valid ob
jection can be- made to it on any score.
• ¦¦-¦¦ — - # ¦¦' V .,Jr- -" - ¦¦ ¦'¦-¦¦ 1 - -'- ' >y '
I You may as well be comfort-
! able ; that is healthy ; as ani-
[mais are. It is natural, both
for you and for them.
If vour ill health is caused
by imperfect digestion, try
I Scott's emulsion of cod-liver
oil. 'It does what it does by
getting the stomach 'going
We'll send you » little to try if yon IHte.
SCOTT & BOWNE, 409 Pearl street, N«w Yo»V.
and discomfort are not-ease
and not-comfort. Ease is
health ; so is comfort.
In the Boston High schools the girls
3Utnumber the boys by 1000 or so. but In
the- primary Kra<1«»s the boys outnumber
the girls by nearly 2500.
You Don't Have to Wait for "The
Overland Idmited,"
As It runs every day in the year, learJna; San
Francisco at 10 a. m., via Central Pacific. Union
PaclSc an.l Chicago and Northwestern Rail-
ways, and arrives at Chicago at 9:30 a. m. tha
third day. A solid vestibuled train of superb
splendor, carrying Pullman double drawing-
room sleeper*, dining car and buffet nmoklng
and library ear. Pan Francisco to Chieas^j
without chans*. Only four days to New Tork
and Boston. -If you're In a hurry ***• *Th»
Overland Limited."
Somehow the authdV of a love story ner-
er sees the -wart on the nose of his hero
or the freckles on the face st his heroine.
Special Information supplied Anily to
business houses and public men by tR9
Press Clipping Bureau (Allen's). 510 Mont-
gomery st. Telephone Main 1041 •
Townseni's California glace fruits, 50c a
pound. In flre-etched boxes or Jap. bas-
kets, 639 Market, Palace Hotel building. •
Choice candles. Townsend's.Palace Hotel.*
By 'W / . H. Hord— Saturday, Nor-ember J4, at 10 o'cIock,
Ecrtea and Mules, at Annstroni'i Ranch, Davisville.
TlroM— "A Jelly Muskete«r."
Alhambre.— "A Stransrer In New Tork."
California— Royal Marine Band of Italy.
Orpheuci— Vaudeville.
Grand Opera-house— "Gil Uronottl."
Alcnxar— "Tlie Railroad of l«ove."
Columbia — 'The Ameer."
O!jTr.pla, corner Mason and Eddy *treet»-Speelalties.
Chute*, Zoo and Theater— Vaudeville every afternoon and
Fischer' ¦— Van (Seville.
Tanforan Park — Races to-day.

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