THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, MONDAY, JUNE 24, 1901.
BOMB REMARKABLE EXPERI
MENTS CONDUCTED BY THE
NEW YORK HERALD.
KEY TO TRANSMITTER
12.— Oscillator spheres, between which
l.-Utnp socket supplying current to
wind up motor In Hummnll transmitter.
2.— Revolving cylinder on which pic
ture la drawn In shellac.
3— flprlnji contact finger.
*¦— n>lay magnet.
6.— Pivoted relay armature.
6.— Relay contact.
7.— Itelay battery of two cells.
8.— Relay spiral spring.
»•— Wireless trancmitter.
. 10.— Induction coll.
U.— Induction coll battery.
EET TO RECEIVER
13.— Lamp socket supplying- current to
wind up motor In Hummell's receiver.
14.— Revolving cylinder on which'pa
per Is wound to receive picture. ' ¦
IS. — Stylus for tracing; picture.
18.— Battery for stylus. - .
* 17.— Magnet that pulls stylus down on
l>ftj>er whenever contact finger In trans
mitter parses over a line of picture. .
IS.— Wireless receiver.
10.— Magnrt of vibrator. •
¦ 21.— Vibrator hammer which vibrates
agulr.rt the coherer. ' .
22.— Relay magnet.
St.— Relay armature.
14.— Relay contact.
25.— Relay spring.
M.— Relay battery.
• Continued on Bag* lira,
• Oentinusd om 7»(« It*a»
am heartily In accord with th'e idea of
connecting San Francisco with the Faral
lonea • by means of -wireless telegraphy
and I appreciates tho efforts which The
Call han made to have such a connection
cHtablished. Connection of any kind with
tho Farallones Is of [ almost . Inestimable
Importance and the value is Increased In
proportion to the shortness of time which
elapses in thn transmission of > news be
tween the islands and the shore. The
only connection now Is by means of sail-
Ing or steam vessel, which Is slow and un
certain. A cable has been advocated,' but'
the cable has not been laid." Besides, a
cable .would' be : expensive. - As • against
wireless telegraphy It would be doubly ex
pensive. It would be a superfluity, assum
ing that wireless telegraphy is a sucoess,
and I am satisfied that The Call has al
ready demonstrated that It Is a success.
to navigation If it were not for your
fogs. A method by which the arrival of
ships could bo reported from the Faral
lones would make It possible for precau
tions for the safety of the ships arriving
to be taken. The Call Is to lie congrat
ulated upon tho part If has hnri in tho
effort to adapt this scientific discovery
to commercial purposes. - • '
CONGRESSMAN D. 8. ALEXANDER
NEW YORK-I hnve no doubt that
If the chief of tho Weather Bu
reau hns not already the power
nnd ample. < funds to experiment
with thin utilization of wireless tele
graphy In the interests of commerce
Congress will grant the necessary power
and: money if tho matter comes properly
bofore that body. The experiments which
wcro carried on by The Call and the New
York Herald, and subsequent experiments
along the lines laid down by Tho Call
would certainly Justify the Government
In • taking ¦: up this I experimentation and
carrying It on. .Wlrelss ¦ telegraphy/ ha*
come to stay, and is bound to be used
along the lines opened up by The Call.
CONORKFRMAN PAGE 2UORKIH, MIN
NESOTA—Tho uso of wireless teleg
raphy to report the' tlghtlng ot
chip* nt tho . FaraUoncs would , tend
to rrovont such accidents an the
wreck -of tho Rio «lo Janeiro. Tho re
sults would bo most Important , to com
merce. The" idea Is an excellent one.
Upon a - ship's being sighted nnd news
sent' In by this method a pilot-boat or
tug could be , sent** ouf If the weather
were thick, or other ¦ precautions taken
for "the 'vessel's -safety. The Call has
displayed true enterprise In demonstrat
ing tho utility of the Marconi system. It
has shown itself wldo awake in all meth
ods pertaining to news gathering, and
ready to expend effort and money for
the benefit of the race.
CONGRESSMAN JAMES H. DANK
HI:aD. ALABAMA— Tho Call desarves
great- credit for taking .the -lnliia
tivo experimentation In practical use
of wireless; telegraphy. .As tho sys
tem -¦¦ becomes perfected V it •> will < be
found to be* indispensable' to : commerce.
X have no doubt that Congress will , en
courage h .. practical , experimentation ; with
the Marconi system.
. SENATOR ' OBORQB C. PJDRKIN8-Z
Two years ago: In fact.' when I first
went to Washington, I felt the necessity
of connection between San Francisco and
the Farallones and I endeavored at first
to get the project for such a connection
indorsed by the Treasury Department,
which has the lighthouses to deal with.
But It did not see fit to recommend It.
because the Interior Department, which
has to do with the "Weather Bureau, was
looking Into the matter. I first tried to
have a connection by wire established be
tween Point Reyes and then between San
Francisco and the Farallones. Last year
Mr. Moore, who is under the Secretary of
the Interior, said that the connection
woijld be useful not only for agricultural
ists but also to give warning of cold
"weather and storms. He also said that as
soon as the system was perfected the Sec
retary would recommend It to Congress.
I said at the time that it had not been
sufficiently developed, but since then The
CaU and the New York Herald have done
a great * d«al In Us advancement.
The Herald in the East off Staten Island.
I beliove. and The Call on the Pacific
Coast. If the wireless system works suc
cessfully, aa. la shown by the dispatch In
The Call to-day, there is no doubt that
that system will be Introduced.
As to Its advantages, anybody of Intelli
gence who has engaged In or knows any
thing of commercial life can speak. Profes
sor Moore of the United States Weather
Bureau has stated In his advocacy of the
system that vessels coming up the coast,
say at Ban . Diego, and other points, and
vessels up north In Puget Sound and other
places would be able to signal their pass*
The doubt which sea captains have
when they reach the Farallones as to
whether or not they should come In when
a . fog; shuts out the harbor from them
could easily -be set at rest if the persons
Interested In Ban Francisco could be com
municated with by means of wireless tel
egraphy through the fog. The disaster to
the Rio de Janeiro could have been avert
ed. . Tugs could have [ been sent out and
taken In passengers and mall. They could
have easily made the harbor, whereas the
attempt to brlna^he big ship through the
It is within the realms of possibility that
In a few years telegraphic and telephonic
messages will be carried through 2000
miles of ether that divide this coast from
the Paradise of the Pacific.
Three years ago the world marveled
when Marconi flashed messages through
space in conducting his experiments. In
a spirit of envy and malice certain "yel
low papers" sneered and scoffed when
Tho Call set the pace by first using wire
lens telegraphy In gathering news.
But with marvelous strides wireless tel
egraphy has gone forward, until within
the present month the Cunard steamship
Lriicannia succeeded In sending messages
100 miles from sea to a land station. It
Is not Improbable, therefore, that In a
few years messages will l-e sent from
thlfc city to the Hawaiian Islands by
means of the Marconi wireless tele
A nnmlxT of prominent citizens of this
city were asked yesterday for their views
on the establishment of a wireless sys
tem of telegraphy between the Faral
lones and San Francisco, as promised by
Secretary of Agriculture Wilson. All
wore loud in their praise of The Call's
efforts to secure the establishment of the
plant, and declared that It would be of
great value to the commerce of this city
and State. - ' •
The presence In Ran Francisco of the
Congressional Committee on Rlvors and
Harbors presented tho opportunity of se
curing the views of nomo of the commit
teemen. Those of the committee who
were in tho city yesterday ' consented to
speak on the subject. Their statements
CONGRB88MABN TIIOMA8 A. BALL,
TKXAB-iWhencver tho Marconi sys
tem of wlrclcps telegraphy becomes
perfected to the degree that. Its
use will chronicle the arrival of
ships. the benefits will be Ines
timable, particularly In such a port as
this. The rocks In the entrance, to, Ban
Francisco Bay would not be danrerou*
THE success of The Call's advo
cacy of a system of wireless
telegraphy between the Faral
lonea an<l the shore and the
news that the Government
tvouM shortly Install a suitable
plant at the points named
caused general fatisfactlon in all circles
in this city yesterday.
The subject was generally discussed.
en<1 on all sides was expressed keen
pleasure that San Francisco was to re
ceive recognition as a favorable spot in
which the latest marvel of electrical
¦ctence should be put to practical use.
The business community, as represented
by presidents of various «-ommerci*l or
ganization*. ha«ls with dcllsrht the an
nouncement that in the mar future wlre
k:*s telegraphy will be in operation be
tween this coast and the Farallones. thir
ty miles from the shore. For many years
the rc-presentatK-es of San Francisco In
Congress have been urged to secure from
the Government telegraphic communica
tion between the Farallones and the
mainland. The Chamber of Commerce ha«
many time* requested that a cable be laid
on the ocean bed, but while many prr.m
l«es were made by officials In Washington
nothing material resulted. Facts as to the
urgent twee— tty of the cable were com
piled and the cost was investigated, but
beyond that point nothing was done.
With the Invention of Marconi and the
ed\-ocacy of wireicus telegraphy by The
Call It was ir&Jlze<i by the commercial
bodies of this city that it was but a ques
tion of time when the long desired com
munication wit/j the Farallones would be
SYSTEM IS IN USE
AT THE PRESIDIO
Th<; eye* of the country nn» now enn
tered on thn woiking* of the wireless pyn
t'-m of teJocrapby as carried on by th«
New Vork H-rild at JCantUcket lightship.
bat !n a Ktiort tlrno Pan Francihcc will
dlvld*. with tb4 East the honor 'jf demon
strating the practical utility of the mys
terious Hertzian electrical pulsations ciir
rytnfi: the Idea* of man through space.
Already a system of wlreles telegraphy
I* In rperation at the Prerldlo.' The great?
**t awrccy Ik maintained by army officers
an t«» lh« working* of the plant. 11)6 rulfs
ef tbe **rvln* forbidding any publicity as
to the use of apparatus.
With the Installation of the most Im
proved Marconi plant at the Farallones
and the mainland the »normous posslblll
ties of wireless telegraphy will b« better
understood. The much-discussed cable-
between the Pacific Coast and the Ha
waiian Islands may not be required, and
and Officials Are
The Call's Advocacy
of Marconi System
THE latest development In wfe«*
less telegraphy Is to send pic
tures through space by means
of the Hertzian waves. Recent
experiments conducted by \hm
New York Herald in Its build
ing In the Eastern metropolis
created a sensation In the scientific world.
With a series of lightning flashes the
mysterious Rulsatlons of electrical fore*
penetrated brick and plaster walls, faith*
fully reproducing a photograph at a dla
tance of fifteen -feet.
. Two years ago The Call gave to tbft
people of San Francisco the details of the
International yacht races within a few
minutes after they had happened. Thla
marvel of news gathering was due to th*
system of wireless telegraphy operated by
the New Tork Herald between the seen*
of the yacht races and Its office In New
York City and then sent to The CaU of
fices here by direct wire.
The experiments conducted a few days
ago to establish the possibility of sending
pictures by wireless telegraphy renders tt
possible that when The Call gives the de
tails of the forthcoming yacht races th!»
fall by means of the wireless system of
cews gathering It will at the same tlma
be able to present faithful reproductions
of the movements of the yachts that will
struggle for the America's cup.
Two years ago pictures were telegraphed
from New York to St. Louis by mean* of
connecting wires, the' Instruments use4'
being the invention of E. A. Hummelj ef '
St. Paul. Minn. From that time th« In*
ventlop ¦ has been regularly used In th«
transmission 'of pictures and sketches, baf
the possibility of sending pictures, except
In connection with a regular telegraphic
wire circuit, was not thought feasible un
til a few. days ago. : ¦ •¦ • ¦ *
The demonstrations of th« ¦» utility t f
wireless telegraphy started by The Call
when the Shermon arrived from Manila
have been continued ., by the ' New Tor*
Herald, and Its success In sending m«s
snges without wires by the Marconi sys- '
tern led to further experiments as to th*
possibility of flashing pictures through
space by. similar means. The Hummttl *
teledtagraph and the Marconi Instruments
were used In the experiments made by •
the New Tork Herald laat week, with til*
most gratifying results.
In 2 a . room In the Herald bulldla* th*
experiments were carried ' out. Brews
Jointed rods took : the . place of tft* , t«u
Hertzian Waves Flash
Marvelous Results of
. New York
GEORGE A. NEWHALL, President San Francisco Chamber of Commerce.
r THMlE EFFORTS of The Call to secure a system of wireless telegraphy between San Francisco and the Farallones have been watched with great interest by the entire business community, and its success in that direction
r v I is a source of pleasure to every one interested in the subject.
; 1 . m For m * n >' >' ears the Chamber of Commerce tried to secure a cable between the Farallones and the mainland. We live in the age of rapid transit and communication. The benefits^that will accrue from the es- .
c : tablishment of the wireless telegraphic system are numerous. Not only will incoming ships be reported, but warning can be sent to outgoing vessels in case of storm on land. Vessels in distress will be able to call for
aid and important information can be secured by the Weather Burea officials as to approaching changes in atmospheric conditions. The loss of the Rio is but one of many reasons for the establishment of rapid communica
tion between the Famllones and the shore. If the Rio had been reported on the night she arrived at the Farallones tugs could have gone out and brought the passengers and mails into port, leaving the vessel to follow
when the fog lifted. , . ;
It is important that the arrival of an incoming ocean vessel be reported as soon as possible. Merchants could make arrangements for receiving and forwarding freight and much valuable time would be saved Insur
ance rates are very often affected by the non-arrival of a vessel on tin*. The necessity for a system of rapid communication between arriving ships and the shore is as vital as the problems of rapid transit and communica-
S? n ££ haVC 1 the attentlo » of the civilized world in the last fifty years. Time saved, is money saved, and in the event of disaster aid sent to a vessel would mean the saving of life. Personally I wish to congratulate
1 he Call on its success in securing rapid communication between the Farallones and this city. "
?•' ' Tiifl.* 1? ¦ •'• r ' . . • • .
Nearly news of incominq vessels is of material value to commerce
MANY PROMINENT CITIZENS DECLARE
WIRELESS TELEGRAPHY IS A NECESSITY
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