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SUMMER RATES at Hotel del CWonado,
Coronado Beach. Cal., effective after A»rtl 11 t«0 for round trip. Including tf day* at aot*t Facine Coast s. S. Co., < Nn Montgomery sw "I didn't know they had trolley, cam in those day, auntie JVr^onkers jj Statesman. . The Brooklyn lady : was - showing her Uttlo niece through the art gallery. ,"Oh. look, nuntie, at the woman with out any arms I" : .... ••Yes, dearie, that. is an ancient god dens." - ¦;,'• .; . .-',. '" ¦.¦ K '• ¦'< V . V ! ' "-.¦-¦. Judge Oeorto A. Gear of Honolulu, who came to this country and unsuccessfully opposed the admission of Robert Wilrox to a seat in th« House of Representatives as a delegate from Hawaii, will so back with eertnin compensations for his dt»ap» polntment-namely.a Philadelphia bride and an appointment to one ot the tLrea federal Judffeahlpa of Hawaii. . The Santa. F* Rout* train leaving San Fr»n> dsco 4:30 p. in. dally now runs through to Fresno, making the shortest. Urn* between San Francisco, : Stockton. Merced and Fresno. Good Service and Quick Time. Tourist Sleeping Cars to Cincinnati wtn leave San Franclteo July 1 at' • p. m. Tickets oa •al«.Jun« 30 to July 1: rat*. $T« 50 tot 'round trip. July '1-1 we will sell round trip ticket* to Detroit at *S3 23: July S-l to Chicago tT3 &\ and j to Buffalo I |S7. : For . sleeping car bantu call on, or address \\\ D. Banborn, General Agtnt, Hi Market str»«t. Official Route Christian Endeavor«r» . to Cincinnati, Ohio. Th* Burrinrton Route via Dtnrtr nas b##n telected as the official rent*. Through Pullman The Supreme Court of North Carolina has sustained a decision rendered in Burke County imposing a fine of ttOOO on a railway company for having given an Annual pass to a doorkeeper of the Letts* Inture in 1897. r\ "Th« Santa Fe to Mercvd and »t»*» Oimoe tU Mtrc#rt Fall*. Coultervtll*. Rant Oiwr*. Merced. Bit* Trees. Cascade Falls and Bridal Veil Falls to fentlnri Hotel. _ This rets you in at 5 In th* afternoon, which Is ahead of any other Ur.« and costs you less. Ask at Ml Mar* ket «. for particulars." -= . • Quickest Way to Yosemita. A search of the trunks of a young woman student at the University of Nebraska resulted in the discovery of twenty-four, pairs of kid gloves of various sizes, four pairs of mittens, twenty^-five handkerchiefs, ten veils, four fountain pens, seven pocket-books, V va ried assortment of stockings and a considerable num ber of other articles. The authorities are in doubt whether to look upon her with scorn as a thief, with pity as a kleptomaniac or with admiration as a col lector. A fond parent in- Missouri has jtist had his boy christened Funston Aguinaldo, but it' is not clear whether he '. intends • to make him a sprinter or a brigadier general. The Virginia constitutional convention has not at tracted as much attention as , that of Alabama, but it Is making about the same kind of record in a .quiet way.""--, ' ,' '.''•'-', '".)¦>'•¦ . Special information aupplltd dally ta business houses and public man by tb« Press Clipping Bureau (Allen's), StOMoaU corner? street. Telephone Main 1011 • THE VALUE OF GOOD HARBORS WHILE our own harbors arc under consider ation by the Committee on Rivers and Har bors it should nut be forgotten that while the purposes of our commerce are served by good domestic harbors they arc served also by good and safe harbors in other countries with which we have maritime trade. We have trade now, and hope to increase it, with the west coast of Central and South America, but it is hampered by the lack of good har bors. South of Acapulco there is not a land locked harbor in use on that coast. The recent accident by the swamping of boats in the roadstead of Acajutla, Salvador, calls pointed at tention to this condition. As the Pacific end of an isthmian canal is approached there is not a safe har bor on the entire coast where ships can lie to a dock and receive coal or a cargo. The entire traffic has to be done by lighters, in open roadsteads. Such arc the seaport* of Acajutla, La Union and La Libertad, Salvador, and all the rest. Some years ago our Gov ernment made a hydrographic survey of a land locked harbor in a bay on the coast of Salvador, but the offered facility for commerce seems riot to be available, and our trade with that republic is carried on in the costliest and clumsiest way, in roadsteads that arc exposed to gales and offer but indifferent or unsafe anchorage. For. this reason Salvador, in many respects the richest in resources of any of the isthmian republics south of Mexico, remains unde veloped and we are deprived of a trade that would be profitable to both countries. Upon such problems the commercial opinion 'of the world should be brought to bear. Nations agree upon many policies, political and administrative in their nature. They have postal, commercial, extra dition and expatriation treaties and agreements, in the execution of which they co-operate and agree. Why not by similar means agree upon furnishing the very best facilities for mutual maritime commerce? For instance, it should be easy to make Salvador see that such an accident as that at Acajutla is inju rious to her trade! by cxp'osing her lack of safe har bors; and an agreement to send the steamers of an American line, carrying mails, and merchandise for exchange, and facilitating the social and business in tercourse of the two peoples, to a safe harbor when constructed, should stimulate her 'energies to attend to such an important matter., If the Pan-American Congress is held this is a sub ject that might well be discussed for the mutual bene fit of all the nations represented. The internal wealth and prosperity of, each is promoted by facilities for external commerce, and a* the public welfare is the Only a short time ago Senator Hanna was made a member of the Grand Army, and now he has be come honorary .member of a fire company; so it looks as if he were working up a boom for something. Best eyeglasses, specs., 10c to 40c Look out front of barber and grocery, si 4th. • Cal. ( lace fruit 60c per lb at Towniend'».* Choice candles. Townscnd's, Palae* Rotftl* . The letters are the more important because there is an increasing need of a better understanding be tween ourselves and the Mexican people. Mere works of tourist travel full of picturesque descriptions will avail nothing, and volumes of criticism upon the shortcomings of Mexico arc worth less than nothing; but such studies as these letters show Mr. Wilkins to be able to make would be highly beneficial. Their very friendliness would help to win us the favor of the Mexican people and do much to promote trade, travel and all forms of intercourse between ourselves and our neighbors. The Tfrarin County Tocsin Press is to be congratulated upon giving to the State a book which though slight in form is by no means slight in interest or in value. Mr. Wilkins did not go to Mexico to find fault with everything that is different from our own customs, manners and civilization. lie went as an impartial student of the country and its people, and soon be came a sympathetic as well as an intelligent observer. The consequence is that we have in the letters as accurate and as instructive a summary of life and labor in Mexico as cculd be expected from a work written in such a casual way and designed only for newspaper reading. Indeed, the letters are so excel lent in many ways it is something of a matter for regret that they "have been published in the book form exactly as sent to the Tocsin instead of being extended and elaborated by the author. DURING a vacation of six weeks spent in the mountains of Mexico, James H. Wilkins, editor of the Marin County Tocsin, contrib uted to his paper a scries of letters descriptive of what he saw there, and giving his impressions of the char acter and conditions of the people and the prospects of the mining industry. The letters collected and published in book form by the members of the Tocsin staff during the absence of the 1 editor, and the work constitutes a really valuable contribution to our knowledge of the affairs of our southern neighbor. A GLIMPSE OF OLD MEXICO. Senator Platt has announced his intention to re tire from the Senate at the close of his term in 1903, but at the same time he has been careful to add that he does not mean to retire from politics It appears then there will be a Senatorial vacancy to be filled, but the boss will reserve to himself the right of naming the man to fill it. i The 'volume of business throughout the country, as reflected by the weekly bank clearings, was 59.5 per rent larger last week than during the same week in 1900. AH the large cities except Minneapolis and St. Paul showed a gain. The failures were 188, against 167 for the same week last year. Our local markets show no changes worthy of note. Business is reported good in almost all lines, and there ate no failures of sufficient sue. to cause com tnenL Crop prospects continue good and collections ¦re normal. The feeling in Wall street has been quieter and easier during the past week. Prospects for another great railroad deal arc apparently dwindling away, and the public see no particular inducement to re-enter the market at present. There has been no liquidation, however. The July interest and dividend payments are expected to be larger than ever before, and as money even now is easy, no stringency in funds is exprcted. The impression is that times in the street * ill be quiet for some weeks to come. V:\Vheat seem* to be the only laggard in the proces sion of prosperity. Continued brilliant crop pros pects have resulted in a shrinkage from the advance noted several weeks ago. and for some days the tendency in prices has been downward. But some foreign countries are reporting a poorer crop out look, notably France, which is coming forward as a very heavy purchaser, the prospects there being de cidedly unfavorable. At the same time, however, the exports of wheat from the United States are ahead of those for the corresponding period last year. The minor grains, on the contrary, are ruling firmer, with better prices for corn and oats. Operators on the Chicago Board of Trade are advising their customers all over the country that they see no present reason to expect a bull market, nor, in view of the needs of France, do they look for any pronounced decline. The iron trade keep* up its record and. like the boot and sho? business, reports !ar;tc shipments and plenty of orders ahead, though new orders for for ward delivery are falling off somewhat. Building hardware is reported in enormous demand all over the country. r.nd naiU and wire arc scarce in first hands. The labor situation, too. seems to be slowly improvinc from -.\ec!< to week; very little is heard row of new strikes, and those already on are being steadily settled, to the gratification of all classes. The staple* e <pecialiy seem to be in particularly good condition. Even cotton, which has lagged so Ion?, is reported improving, and the demand for woolen good* i» better than for some months. Ship ments of boots and shoes from Boston continue far in excess of former years, though the output of the factories ha- fallen off somewhat and new orders are afso fewer. Fall orders are especially quieter. Leather is less in demand, owir.p to the decreased orders of the factories, but heavy stock continues firm, owing to light nxpplies. Hides arc firm everywhere, and are quoted higher at Eastern markets. Clothing manu facturer- report a good business and express confi dence as to the tuturc In addition to the firmness in the above important staples a number of advances are reported in groceries and provisions. AS yet the usual mid-ummcr lull in trade has not appeared. The distributive business of the country, on the contrary, actually shows an increase, particular'}- in the Northwest, while all over the land both \vho!e>aier» and jobbers report an active demand for goods. The railroad lines are said to be transporting more of the higher class of merchan dise, commonly known as luxuries, than ever before; and all branche* of trade are sustained, while not a few show an improvement. In this respect 1901 re semb!cs 1$*JO- when business continued active all over the midsummer and to such an extent that many work* and factories did not close down as usual. ;• • .. ¦ • ¦ A FINE SHOWING FOR SUMMER. VOTING QUALIFICATIONS— F. E. W'.. City. In twelve States of the Union, aliens who have declared Intention to be. come citizens of the United States, are al lowed to vote at elections. Tho qualifica tions of voters for all Federal as well as for State officers are subject to tho con trol of the respective States and they vary.' For Instance, nn alien resident of Arkansas who had declared his intention to become a citizen would have the right to vote in that State, but he could not vote In California, because In this State no one can vote unlesn a citizen by birth or by naturalization (ninety days before election).' v The fact that an alien who has declared his intention to became a citizen. may vote docs not guarantee him all the rights of citizenship. It is to guarantee him those rights that the alien. nftcr making his declaration,' must obtain his. second papers. , J : T ., ' v f ¦'¦'¦BtiKNNi R. 8. V. P.— Subscr.ber. City. The let ters "R. S. V. P." on an Invitation to a reception at the house after a. church wedding Is the abbreviation. of the French phrase "responde*. s'll vous plait," which translated ia "please answer." It Is In tended to give those who tender the re ception an opportunity to know how many to provide for. One who has re ceived a large number of such invitations declares that tbe letters R. 8. V. P are the abbreviation of tho Injunction. "Re member, send valuable presents." SILVER DOLLARS— Inquirer*. City. The first silver dollars of the: United States were coined in 17M under the pro visions of the act of April 2. 1T92. Such dollars weighed 416 grains (317U of pure silver and 4O; grain* of alloy). For such a dollar there Is offered premium varying from $14 to fc». A dollar of 1790 commands a premium of from IS rents to II 60; one of 1800 commands a premium of from 20 to 60 cents. The dealers' selling price for dollars* of 1799 ts from $2 to $6 Sf» and for the issue of 1S0O from $3 75 to $3 60. MENDOCINO-E. O. M.. Heaidsburg. Cal. Any of the United States Land of fices will furnish a plat of United States, lands In Mcndoclno County, which will show what lands have been taken up un der the homestead laws. The Land of fices have maps which show what vacant lands there are. The Government charge for such maps Is SI. SILVER DOLLAR-M. S. L.. Santa Cruz. Cal. No premium is offered by deal era for dollars of 1S71. They offer to sell such at sn advance' of from $1 to $2. There Is premium of 10 cents for Colum bian half dollars of ISM. but none for such issued In 1<W. '•KID"-C. R.. City. The word "kid" as applied to children Is slang. ANSWERS TO QUERIES. The geologists say, that the lavas which fill the ancient basin of the park at this place rests upon the flank* of mountains formed of fragmentary volcanic ejecta. Gaseous emanations arc given out In great volume. Theje come, the scientists say, from deposits of altered and crystalline travertine mix**] with pools In the creek. Above those deposits the creek cuts into a bank of sulphur. In the bottom of the gully is a small stream sour with sul phuric acid. No wonder the poor animal* seeking shelter In the gulch meet death there. What Impressed the visitors most out side of tho horror of the gulch was the danger to visitors who might uncon sciously enter the eulch. There was no difference In the appearance of the gulch from other gulches above and below the mountains, and there was nothing to warn a camper. For man to enter death gulch to camp means that he has camped In eternity. For ages this death trap in the Rocky Mountains has probably been luring the inhabitants of the forest to their doom. With the rains of spring the bones of the dead of the preceding year are carried down to tho creek and the gulch cleared for the death harvest of the summer and the winter. The two men didn't dare to go Into the ravine. What exploration they made re sulted In headaches which stayed with them for hours and pains in the throat and lungs, which did not subside for a long time. The bed of the gulch and ravine was littered with the bones and skins of ani mals long since dead. They found twenty three carcasses of bears, one big cinna mon having his nose between his paws just as if he had fallen asleep. they had difficulty In breathing, yet they entered at the end where the gulch is practically open. They lit a wax taper and found that when placed more than forty Inches from the ground it was ex tinguished. This proved tho existence of carbon dioxide gas. W. M. Burckhalter. the Truckee lumber mun. Is at the Lick House. Mr. and Mrs. James 8. Rice of Tustln. Orange County, are stopping at the Grand. N. K. de Voe. ' jv prominent Modesto merchant, is stopping; at the Uek House. Percy L. Schuman. a mining man of' Chlttondcn, and Mrs. Schuman are at the Palate. W. H. Storms/ a well-known mining man of -Slitter Creek. Is registered at the Lick House. F. L. McConnell. a prominent merchant of Omaha, and Mrs. McConncll are guests nt tho Palace. James H. O'Brien, the well known con tractor, of this city. Is spending a few days at Santa Cruz. W. J. Martin, business manager of The Call, accompanied by his wife, left Satur day night for a trip through the Yosemlte. Captain George A. Nlhue of Nevada City, Is at the Ll<*k House,' returning. from th© National Guard encampment at Santa Cruz. H. Watanabe. a former member of the Japanese Cabinet. Is registered at the Occidental. He was a passenger on the Chin.i. . A. Lh Farlsh. deputy and office clerk for thn United States Marshal, has gone on a two weeks' vacation with his wife to Yolo County. . . Roy Fryer, a former University of California athlete, now vice principal of thn Ran tii Rosa High School, Is a guest at the Grand. t , Captafn Robert Wankowskl, who was in command of Company A of the Seventh Reglmrnt. California Volunteers, -Is reg istered at the Occidental from Los An goles. Charles L. Fnlr and wife leave July '3 for ft trip throughout Europe. They sail on the Deutsehland from New York July 11. They will visit Paris, London and Cnrlsbad. , : Ex-Governor Ernest Casey of Connecti cut, whose 1 residence la at Hartford, ar rived Saturday from Los Angeles, .where he has been transacting business In con nection with oil land claims. KrlKfidter General J. P. Wcston of tha Commissary Department of the United States Army returned yesterday on the China from a tour of inspection In tho Philippines. He 1m registered nt the Occi dental, with his wife and daughter. . '". PERSONAL MENTION. IN the northeant corner of the Yellow stone National Park, in Wyoming. Is a ravine which Is fully entitled to its irrcwBome name — Death Oulch. It Is a V-shaped trench, cut in the mountain side, and begins about 230 feet above Cache Creek. Apparently It forms a nat ural shelter for the beasts of the forest, as food, water and shelter are there, but entrance to the gulch means death to any animal, for the poisonous vapors that rl«e out of the ravine are more deadly than the bullets of the huntsmen, says the) Laramle (Wyo.) correspondent of the New York Press. Various expeditions under the direction of the United 8tates Geological Survey have reported as to the characteristics of Death Gulch, the last being by Harvey \V. Weed. He eald that he had tested the hollows in the gulch for carbonic acid gas without proving its presence. The atmos phere In the gulch, however, was oppres sive. There was a strong smell of sul phur and ho suffered from a choking sensation, although a. strong wind pre vailed at the time. At tho bottom of the gulch were the carcasses of many ani mals, some of which hr.d met death but a short time before. Theso carcasses wore of bear, elk, hares, Kqulrrcla, etc. Mr. Weert exr»mln«".l the body of a grizzly which evidently had died but a day be fore, as Its tracks were quite distinct and the carcass perfectly freah. There was some blood under tho nose. Nothing more. Later on Charles IS. Oeorgo and a Mr. Everett of Boston vlftlted the gulch and made an extended examination. They de clare the gulch Is a death trap which while different In many ways from the famous Death Valley of Jnva Is as cer tain In Its effect. At one end the gulch is comparatively open and the wind sweeps through, but at tho other, where it forms a ravine, the gases, accumulate and asphyxlato all animals that come within the walls of the, rock. When Mr. George and Mr. Everett entered tho gulch tho gaseous fumes were so oppressive that Earth Emits Poisonous Vapors That Slay More Animals Than Do the Bullets From Hunters' Rifles. DEATH GULCH OF YELLOWSTONE PARK WHERE WILD BEASTS PERISH MONDAY JUNE 24, 1901 >:.-. JOHN D SPRECKELS, Proprietor. ••"" ~^ Alton* in"c«mmMie»tlent U W. 8. LEAKS. Manager. MANAGER'S OFFICE Tel^5*5^5^Tr^!^£!!!l f*CBI*lCATlOX OFFICE Market and Third. S. F. Telephone Prew 2O1. EDITORIAL ROOMS 217 to 221 Stevenson St. Telephone I'rnm 202. 'Delivered tiy Carrier*. 15 Cent* Per 'Week. Single Copies, R Cent*. Verms by Mall. Including Poataarei DAILY CAlXi ilndufllnr Fnc<.«y). one year t«.*> XiAlLX CJLtAi (lndudlcc Sunday). « months... J.<* X5AILT CALX. tlnc!udtr.r Sunday). S month*..'. 1.60 DAILT CAtir-Br Pintle Month «5e WEEKLT CALL One Tear 1M ¦ All poBtnaitrn are tutborUed «o receive anbscrlptlons. SU&ple copies wtU be forwarded when requested. ' If an «obeerlber» In orderln* ehanr* of addrera should t>» •Articular to elve both SEW AND Ot.r» ADDRESS In order to tsccr* a prompt and correct compliance with their request. OAKLAND OFFICE 1x19 Broadway ' •_ t . ' ¦' C. GEOBGC KROGrESS. j attsipr fertlra Airtrtliisg. Xtrasctte Building. Chtearo. iU;t Dlitar.ee Telephone "Centrit Ml»."> "] >TEW TORK COKKESPONDENT: Ci C CARLTOSf Herald Square XETC TORK KEPRESENTATrVE: 1TEPHEN B. SMITH SO Tribune Bnlldlnir NEW TORK NEWS STANDS: Walfitrt-ArtrrU BoUl; A. BreoUno. II Union Squire: Murray Hill HeteL CHICAGO NEWS STANDS: Fterrran HcUf*: P. O. New* Co. :. Great Northern Hotel: *>•«!»«« House: Auditorium Hotel "" AMUSEMENTS. • ColuisMa— " T*n<5pr Two Vlac*." Alratar— ' "Fapho." Grand Or^ra Hmi»- "F^n " Central— "fncle T<»m'« Cabin " T»volt-"The Toy Maker." Orr-heum— Vaudeville. r>!yropla. corner Uaiin *rA F.Aiy street*— Specialties. Chute*. Zoo ar.d Theater— Vaudeville ever*- afternoon and evenlnc Fischer" f— Vaudeville. Sixteenth and Folsora streets- Scientific Bextnr. Thursday. July 4. 5utro Rath* — Fwlmmlrx- UUCXrE SAM: "Don't you goah darned chumps know that the sun hain't set yetP" —St. Paul Pioneer Press. As Mr. McAdie has pointed out, the new system of telegraphy promises jto be of exceptional advant age to San Francisco by reason of the prevalence of fogs. "Very often," he says, "a vessel arrives in a dense fog and cannot be seen by the lookouts at Point Reyes or Point Lobos. Wireless telegraphy would solvAhat problem. Vessels equipped with the instru mentsVould report in to the Farallones when they were many miles out at sea, and if aid was wanted in case of accident word could be sent to the city at once for tugs. It requires no stretch of the imagina tion to picture the many advantages that will follow the installation of wireless telegraphy here." It is hardly necessary to add further arguments upon the feasibility and the utility of the new system. Those who were incredulous a year ago are now fully convinced of the merits of Marconi's great invention. Even the yellowest of journals will never again call him "Macaroni" for the purpose of discrediting the enterprise of The Call. We have now a promise of the permanent establishment of a wireless news serv ice between this city and the Faraltoncs. The local weather bureau officer shows an earnest zeal to promptly provide it. He should have every assistance and support the public can give hinK The movement has been well started. Let us sec that it keep mov ing until the end is attained. In fact the first experiment made by The Call in obtaining an announcement of the approach of the Sherman proved the availability of the Marconi sys tem for practical use in the transmission of news. Since that time it has come into such general use that the great steamship companies arc equipping their Atlantic liners with the apparatus, and all along the stormy European coast France, Holland and Germany have established stations cither upon land or upon lightships, end their value has been again and again proven even during the comparatively short time they have been in operation. It is to be boruc in mind that this is not a case in which the Government will have to expend time or money in making experiments. Wireless telegraphy is < now in use by the British Government not only at the ports of the home islands, but at the principal ports of the wide extended empire in all parts of the globe. So extensive have been installations of the wireless system that when the Duke and the Duchess of Cornwall set forth on their tour of the empire it was found worth while to equip the royal vessel, the Ophir, with an apparatus for wireless telegraphing; so that as it approached any of the great harbors of the empire messages might be sent and received' while <he ship was still far out at sea. MR. McADIE, of the local weather bureau, in commenting upon the dispatch from Wash ington announcing that Secretary Wilson will authorize the Weather Bureau to install a wireless telegraph service at the Farallones "as soon as there is any system suitable for installation," announced that he intends to go East this summer for the pur pose of studying the system which the New York Herald has established at Nantuckct. The statement is gratifying. It is an evidence that the officials of the weather bureau arc not going to sit down and wait for somebody to bring a system to them. Mr. McAdie is going forth at once to find the system that will be suitable for installation, and there is every reason to believe the search will be immediately successful. A BENEFIT TO ALL. We may bclievx: that the law should deal more sternly with that erotic insanity which causes so many of these murders. When a man threatens to kill a woman for non-subjugation to his will in anything, if she cannot get the drop on him a male relative should be called in with a gun. Such threats almost always end in the murder of the woman, and yet if a man is arrested for making them it is treated rather as a laughing matter ihan as a most serious peril for the threatened woman. Ages of civilization seem to have merely hidden the barbarian under the skin of the race. Perhaps worse may be said, but the barbarous ages hardly equaled this in this kind of crime. On the murder side of the docket appear a very few murders of men by women. Mrs. Kennedy has just been convicted of shooting her husband to death in Kansas City. The jury had no compunctions about convicting her, but about the same time Dr. Kennedy escaped conviction in New York City for the killing of Dollie Reynolds, so that the Kennedy luck is a tie, the woman getting the worst of it. There are occasional variations. One young man in Pennsyl vania was murdered by a rival and left on the door step of the young lady. Then there are other crimes of which women are the victims that arc not adequately punished. A jury in this city has recently failed to convict the de ceiver who entrapped Norine Schneider into a mar riage by forging a telegram from her mother, though he boasted in his testimony of deceiving a Canadian lady into a mock marriage, and explained gleefully and in detail his despicable crime. To enlist in matrimony is getting to be as danger ous as to go abroad as a Red Cross nurse to work in a yellow fever hospital. The same caterers to polite curiosity in reporting weddings may yet have to describe the^bride's dress as made of beautiful, polished bullet-proof moire an tique steel, cut low, revealing a chemise of mail, of a beautiful fishbone lace pattern, fastened with gold wire. The groom may yet be referred to as armed to the teeth, with a cartridge belt under his Prince Albert coat and a bowie-knife in his right hand. If this special class of bloodshcdding continues we may expect the society reporter to say that when the beautiful ami charming favorite of the exclusive set, whose engagement is announced, received the pro posal of the happy party of the second part, she was guarded by three policemen in plain clothes, while her father stood guard in the cupboard, armed with a sawed-off- shotgun filled with slugs to the muzzle, lest the candidate for his daughter's hand should be seized with a desire to cut her throat. Hard times usually promote crime. They furnish the pretext of despair, of hard drink and other ex cuses which weak humanity gives for its offenses. But the murders of women during the last twelve months are not traceable to hard times, for the. times have been cood. During the past year murders of this kind have outnumbered any other special class of homicides. Women have been the victims of more fatal attacks from those to whom normally they should look first for kindness and defense than in any similar period of time in the past. Young men are killing maidens to whom they arc engaged for the offci'.sc of speaking, more or less kindly, to other young men.. In other cases mur der is committed because the girl declines the at tentions of the murderer, preferring another. Thc^, procession is plentifully sprinkled with husbands who kill their wives, after married life together ranging from a few months to past the silver wedding. Some times, and not infrequently, such murderers kill their whole family, including father-in-law and mother-in law, and usually end where they should have begun, by killing themselves. THE country is in another epidemic of the mur der of women by men, for various alleged causes, principally erotic. MURDER RAMPANT. The battle of the boilers In the British navy promises to be protracted, and It is believed in some quarters that the old style cylindrical boiler will again be adopted. The chief needs of a naval boil er are reliability and ability to raise steam quickly. The first qualification is met In the cylindrical boiler, and the second requisite. It Is claimed, can be obtained by the application of the Howden system of forced draught. The Belleville boiler will raise uteam quickly, but Is unreliable, and the* same is said to be the case with all other water-tube boilers. The How den system Is used to the extent of 3,500,000 horsepower in trans-Atlantic steamers, and it is argued that the system which proves efficient In the mercantile marine should be adopted for navy vessels. It Is Interesting to notice that England Is the only naval power which, shows so singu lar a reluctance to depart from old usages, while all other navies are progressive and meet with good results, and the conclu sions to be drawn irom this condition of affairs In that British box bolterma&era are aided by the inability of British en gineers and stokers to adapt themselves to new conditions. • Rear Admiral C. C. P. Fitzgerald of the British navy advocates fast scouts as greatly needed in the navy, and Philip Watts, constructor at the Els wick yard, has prepared designs for such a vessel, embodying the Ideas of the admiral. It Is of 3900 tons displacement, with a normal supply of SCO tons of coal. 400 feet in length. 44 feet beam and 14 feet draught. The twin-screw engines are of 16.000 horse power, calculated to give a trial speed of SS knots and a sustained sea speed of 23 knots. The vessel will have a protective deck two Inches thick, and the gun posi tions are to be protected by four-Inch armor. The battery consists of sbc four- Inch quick-firers and a dozen machine guns, and the coal capacity Is 1C00 tons. • • • Two armored cruisers. Orlando and Nar cissus, have been assigned as cruising gunnery vessels. They have the regula tion allowance of officers and crew on deck and In the hold, except on the Nar cissus, where there Is not a single en gineer officer. This singular omission would indicate that Great Britain is about to try the experiment of the United States navy to leave the engine department in charge of warrant machinists, which does not appear to have resulted disastrously thus far after nearly two years' experi ence in our nary. The first torpedo-boat was the Rasp, built In 1S73 by Thornycroft for the Nor wegian navy. She is still In existence and Is of 18 tons displacement, S3 feet in length. 7 feet 6 Inches beam and 3 feet 11 inches draught, and had a trial speed of IS knots. The horsepower was about 300. From this small beginning the modern and latest torpedo-boat destroyer has been developed In the Viper, a vessel of 312 tons displacement, engines of 10.000 horsepower and a speed of 35 knots. The Czar has Issued a ukase upon the advice of the Minister of Marine directing that hereafter all naval ships are to be built of material of Russian manufacture. No foreign firms will receive contracts without this stipulation, which practically shuts out competition of shipyards outside of Russia and will necessitate building the ships at home. The Engineering doubts whether the present state of Russian manufactures will make the Emperor's plans feasible. • • • At the recent target practice at Bermu da against the old ironclad Scorpion twen ty lyddite shells were flred from the Cres cent's 9.2-inch guns. Only three shots hit the ship, and the idea of the terribly de structive effects of lyddite appears to have been somewhat exaggerated, as one shell was supposed to have been sufficient to destroy the ehlp, whereas the old Scor pion was still afloat when the firing ceased. ' • • ¦ • Japan Is getting ready to build a factory for armor and other shipbuilding material at Kure, and 13,780,000 was included In the navy vote for 1301-2 for that purpose. Th« Minister of Marine pointed out that there would be a clear saving of $1,000,000 In the cost of building and bringing out a ship like the Shikishlma from England If Ja pan could produce her own armor and oth er ship material and build Its ships at home. The German naval maneuvers shortly to take place In the North Sea will be on the largest scale yet attempted. There will be forty-four vessels In all, consisting of fourteen battleships, three armored and several cruisers and two torpedo flotillas of destroyers, division-boats and torpedo boats. Admiral von Koster will be in chief command and Prince Henry of Prussia will be In charge of one division. • • • • • ? « Turkey Is scattering her shipbuilding favors Indiscriminately In all countries. Italy has the largest orders for repair* of obsolete vessels. Krupp at Kiel has/klso some large orders for guns and repairs of ships. Cramp's at Philadelphia Is build- Ing a small cruiser, and it Is said that Elswlck Is to build a large battleship lor the Ottoman, the Sublime Porte, etc. of Turkey. A school will be opened at Kiel on Octo ber 1 for the Instruction of naval en gineers In the higher grades. DEVELOPMENT OF THE NAVIES OF. THE POWERS Captain Merry of this State, United States Minister jo Salvador, is a sailor, long interested in deep water commerce. Perhaps he could make*- valuable sugges tions to our State Department on this subject, which lies so well in line with his experience. "L It is probable that the commerce of Salvador, its coffee, rubber and other productive interests, would be vastly multiplied by attention to this one need, and it is certain they are all held back and injured by the report of such affairs as the wreck at Aca jutla. first concern of all government, it" should be secured by making good harbors. 4 THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, MONDAY; JUNE 24, 1901; APROPOS OF BOOMING THE EAGER CANDIDATE • • 4 Call BBbscribers contemplating: • rban|« *t residence during; the Hummer month* can hav# Cfcetr paper forwarded by mall to their new •*«r*ss»s by notifying The Call Bnstneaa Office. Vfcss p*.f»cr vrtll also be on sale at all tsauaer raaarta and la represented by a local a*-eat la •U town •» the coast. 10 SUBSCRIBERS LEAYIKG TOWI FOR THE SUMMER. AUCTION SALES. By G. H. t'ir.hfen * «'•¦>.— Mon.iay. July r«. «t II o'clock. ChoJc* Property. «t 1« Montronwry stiwt.