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The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, June 25, 1901, Image 6

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85066387/1901-06-25/ed-1/seq-6/

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TUESDAY ......JUNE 25. 1901
JOHN D. SPRECKELS, Proprietor.
Attrttt All Comannleation* to W. 8. LEAKE, Manager.
MANAGER'S OFFICES. .. *-J^T*}*J!}^!^Z^' ??£-JQX
PUBLICATION OFFICE... Market and Tblrd, S. F.
Telephone Prew SOI.
EDITORIAL ROOMS 217 to 221 8teTen«on St.
Telephone Pre«» 203. ;
Delivered »»r Carrier*. 15 Centn Per Weefc.
Slnzle Copies. 5 Cent*.
Term* by Mall. Including Postages
UA.IL.T CALL Oneladintr Suncay). ona year %t.V\
DAILY CALL <lncludln«; 6unday). « montha ».W
DAILY CALL (Including Sunday). S months l.M
DAILY CALL— By Slnjrfe Month J «So
WEEKLY CALL. Ona Year 1.09
All postmaster* are authorised to receive
¦nbscrlptlens.
Eaznpte copies •will be forwarded when requested.
Man nbacrtbera In ordering; chanre of addrera should be
particular to «1va both NEW AND OLD ADDRESS In order
to insure a, prompt and correct compliance with their request.
OAKLAND OFFICE 1118 Broadwar
C. GEOKGE KROG?:ESS.
Kicirtr Foreign Adrertii ing, Mtrq aetta Bsllding, Chicago,
dons; Distance Telephone "Central IC19.")
NEW TORK CORRESPONDENT:
C C. CARLTO.V Herald Square *
NEW YORK. REPRESENTATIVE:
STEPHEN B. SMITH.. 30 Tribune Ball dine:
NEW YORK NEWS STANDS:
Waldcrf-ABtarim Hotel; A. Brentano. H Union Square;
atunrny Hill HoteL
CHICAGO NEWS STANDS:
Cfaerman Bouse: P. O. News Co.; Great Northern Hotel;
*> »im..'iit JToo»»: Aoaitorlum Hotel. .
Stop Diarrhae and Stomach Cramps. Dr.
Klesrert'3 Genuine Imported Angostura Bitter*. •
Dr. Sanf ord's I.iver Invigorator.
BestLiver Medicine, VegetableCure for Liver Ills,
Biliousness. Indigestion. Constipation. Malaria.
The Santa Fe Route train leaving San Fraa
c!sco.4:20 p. m. dally now runa through to
Fresno, making the shortest time between Saa
Francisco. Stockton, Merced and Fresno.
Good Service and Quick Time.
Official Haute Christian Endeavorers
"" to Cincinnati, Ohio.
The Burlington Route via Denver has beea
selected as the official route. Through Pullman
Tourist Sleeping Cars to Cincinnati will leave
San Francisco July 1 at 6 p. m. Tickets on
sale June 30 to July 1; rate. {76 50 for round
trip. July 1-2 we will sell round trip tickets
to Detroit at JS3 23: July 3-4 to Chicago JT2 50.
and to Buffalo JS7. For - sleeping car berths
call on or address W. D. Sanborn, General
Agent, £31 Market street.
Montgomery, Ala., and Columbus, Ga
have both recently passed ordinances re
quiring street railways to- provide separ
ate accommodation for the colored pas
sengers, either by partitioning the cars
or the provision of separate "Jim Crow"
cars.
"The Santa Fe to Merced and staea thenc»
via Mercert Falls. Coulterville. Hazel Green
Merced, Bic Trees. Cascade Falls and Bridal
Veil Falls to Sentinel Hotel. This gets you In
at 5 in, the afternoon, which Is ahead of any
other line and costs you Ies3- Ask at frll Mar
ket st. for particulars.'* •
Quickest Way to Yosemite.
-Special information supplied dally to
business houses and public men by tna
Press Clipping Bureau (Allen's;, 510 Mont
gomery street. Telephone Main 104i •*'#
CaL glace fruit EOc per lb at Town send' 9. •
Choice candles. Townsend's. Palace HoUl*
• Citizen— Yes, I have to be. -If I can't get
up early and cut grass without the neigh
bors -hearingr me vl'll have to lend that
lawn mower seven * times v bef ore I get , to
use it 'again "myself. —Record Herald.
¦ .-.¦• ¦ • „-• ¦..¦:
-AN ARTLESS DODGER.
Citizen— I. want a 1 perfectly noiseless
lawn mower. . : ' ,
Dealer— You are a very considerate per
son.' . .
Her-There, dear, after toiling and; plan
ning for years, we have at last been able
to buy this beautiful home, and you ought
to be perfectly happy. ' •
./She— But I'm not.
;He-AVhaf_s the- matter? • •
She— I know we shall never be able to
sell it.— Harper's Bazaar.
"I'm afraid Pj I can't interest vmy five
year-old .Elsie* in fairy tales any longer."
"And why not?"
: "I; was -telling, her about the 'Forty
Thieves,' and when I got to' the forty oil
jars with a thief in each jar, what do you
suppose ; she' said?"
V "I give it up." '
"She said, 'Wouldn't that Jar you?' "_
Plain Dealer. " : : _" ' ... •
"John: Hain't you hearn tell that- I
am on a sick bed.' where I am slowly a
dyin', an' can't write a line to save my
life, you fool, you?"— Atlanta Constitu
tion. •
This is the way he wrote to her:
"Molly: I has not had a line from you
in three weeks.' Has you throwed - me
over?" ' . ' .*, /
And this is the way she answered him:
Major Crust — So you refuse me. Miss
Fondant? Miss F.— I am very sorry, Ma
jor Crust, but your son just proposed, to
me, , and I accepted him. Major C. — Good
gracious! You don't mean to say the boy
has been such a fool! — Tit-Bits.
"Why can't a man's nose be longer than
eleven inches?'.' ¦
"Oh, if it were over twelve it would be
a foot."— Tale Record.
A CHANCE TO SMILE.
;At a recent conference the owners: of cotton mills
in Georgia . decided to abolish * child labor in their!
factories, and. thus another important step has been
taken in" the upward. road , that -is to bring the in
dustries of the South on a 'lever with "those of the
rest of the Union.
; The occurrence of so many strike's in this season
Of' prosperity may justify a conclusion' that^ prosper
ity.causes'strikes, but it remains to be seen how many
it -can cause before it collapses.
The report that Lord Pauncefote is toehold the
office of British Embassador to the United States
until the Nicaraguan canal question. is settled must be
erroneous, or else it is the .intention - of the British
Government to give the old man the place as a per
manency and let him "amuse "himself With, the job for
the rest of his life. \ J
Frederic Harrison has done us something of in
justice in his. assertion: "Life in the States is one
perpetual'whirl of telephones, telesems, phonographs,
electric bells, motors, ; lifts and automatic instru
ments." No American would accept a "lift" even in
a whirl; nothing less than an- ( elevator. suits us.
Senator Burrows has announced -that at the com
ing session , of Congress he will propose an amend
ment to the constitution providing' that when s a
vacancy in the Seriate shall occur by failure of a
State Legislature to elect, it shall be the duty of the
Governor.to issue a proclamation calling for the elec
tion of a Senator by the people. The proposition is a
good one and will doubtless have strong support.
gun in one hand and a hatchet in the other.
It has been noted by political experts that the Re
publican party is now free of factions and feuds for
the first time in thirty years; while the elements
of opposition are more hopelessly divided than at any
time since i860. It, seems as if the people as a whole
have decided to settle down to sound money and
protection and let Republican statesmen run the
government. •
Lo Chin On, a mandarin who has been sent to New
York to study railroads "and American commercial
methods, is reported to have said that he regards
the Boxer uprising as a blessing in disguise, and that
good will come out of it in the end. In the. mean
time the cheerful optimist will continue to draw his
salary in New York and keep away from the place
where the disguised blessing is going around with a
The Sunday Call recently published interviews on
this subject with a number of our most observant
and experienced mountaineers. They all: agree r that
the need is pressing/and that the Federal reservatioris l
are rapidly preparing for destruction by accumu
lation of drift -and dead timber. They point to 'the
The rapid extirpation of these forests by fire is not
creditable to the State. Two sessions of the Legis
lature have passed since the subject of protection of
timber- was pointedly agitated and called to public
attention. Plans for prevention were formulated and
discussed fruitlessly. The State has commissions to
officially regulate the shaving of a man's chin and
the amputation of his hair. It has a board that regu
lates the men who pull teeth and administer emetics.
It has official oversight of architecture provided by
law. Commissions, boards and regencies abound,
sumptuously endowed with public authority to do
everything from pursuit of the white cushiony cotton
scale to the damming of slickens. But it has no
one charged with the duty of preventing the wicked
and wanton destruction of "the forests. The last
Legislature appropriated $250,000 to buy the redwood
forests of the Great Basin. That was proper and
praiseworthy. But that limited forest area lying near
the coast exerts but little influence upon the cli
mate and fertility of the State compared to the' vast
and disappearing forests of the Sierras. If the same
Legislature had given a. few thousands to secure for
est patrols under the guidance of experienced for
esters, with authority to, arrest and bring to swift
punishment the criminal and the careless who set, fire
or permit it to escape, the benefit to the State in the
long run would have been much' greater. All of this
work is left to such voluntary effort as can.be made
by the California and Sierra clubs* and the Waters
and Forest Society.: But all they can do is to urge
legislation and goad. public opinion into influencing
the law makers, for they have no official authority,
and it would be a waste of money for them to pro
vide an unofficial patrol, for wrongdoers would safely
defy it.
The destruction of our forests by fire has not even
the solace of present profit in it The present and
the future are both losers, and of the waste there is
no possible repair. The late rains in the mountains
this year produced an abundant crop of grass which
is now dry and ready to catch from the cigarette or
camp fire of the hunter and camper.. Already enough
timber is burning to obscure the view of the high
mountains from the foothills, and before the quench
ing rains of September the destruction of the forests
will probably exceed that of any past year. It is the
belief of observers familiar with the mountains that
the area- swept by fires is annually increasing, and the
timber destroyed thereby is five times greater than
the yearly cut for commercial purposes. The lum
berman has some excuse for hastening to get all his
timber into merchantable shape, in the certainty that
it will be burned unless he gathers it in.
THE FOREST FIRES.
THE commercial instinct was gratified and the
State was startled by the recent report of a cut
of nearly 700,000 feet of sugar pine lumber in
one week by one mill in the Sierras. It implies the
rapid disappearance of our forests of most valuable
timber, without any means being provided to secure
on the same land another crop. But, after all, it is
putting the present crop to economic use, and though
future generations will miss it, the present one gets
some money out of it.
If you were appointed under the civil
service rules and were discharged for lack
of funds and that now there is an ODnor
tunityito go to work again and you are
refused reinstatement you should make
your complaint to the Civil . Service On™
mission at Washington, D.C. m "
Persons ; who served in the military or
naval service of the United States and
were discharged by reason of disabilities
resulting. from wounds or sickness Incur
red In -the line of. duty are, under the
civil . service rules, given certain prefer
ences. They. are released from all maxll
mum age .limitations, are eligible for ap
pointment at a grade of 65, while all others
are obliged to obtain a grade of 70 and
are certified to appointing officers before
all others. Subject to the other condi
tions of the rules, arty person who served
In the military or naval service of thi»
United States in the War of the Reoell on
or Spanish-Amerfcan war and was hon
orably discharged , therefrom, or the wid
ow of any jS uch person, or. any army
nurse of said war. may be reinstate
without regard to the length of Sm? ne
or she has been separated from the ser
vice. .
MARE ISLAND— M. L.. p ort Cost _
Cal. Nearly every position In the naw'
yard at Mare Island is under civil service
rule. Soldiers and sailors are preferred
claimants for positions. '
THERMOMETER— I. D. T CUy T
convert Fahrenheit to centrigrade " sub
tract 32 and multiply by 100-1SO. or 3-9
Vice versa. To pass from centigrade to
Fahrenheit multiply, by 9-5 and add 32
In the Fahrenheit scale the freezi*i<"
point is 32 degrees and the boiling pohu
is 212degrees, so that the space between
these is divided into 212-32. or lS> ££"
parts or degrees. In the centigrade scale
ther freezing point is the zero, but toe
boiling point is 100. It is easy to reduce
from one scale to another. To ascertain
the centigrade reading for 77 Fahrenhei"-
The numbers in the Fahrenheit scale are
all too great by 32, because 32 and not 0
stands for the freezing point. Subtract 32
from- 77 and 45 remains. Hence the re
quired number of centigrade degrees must
bear the same ratio to the 100 from freez
ing to boiling point in that scale that the
45 bears to the 180 degrees between the
same limits in Fahrenheit : the requisite
number therefore is 45-180 100, equals 23
centigrade.
OLD-TIME ACTOR-C. L., City. There
was an old-time actor named- Ed N
Thayer who played with McCullough at
the old California Theater. He was a
member of the stock company. This de
partment does no't know of any Thomas
Thayer who played with McCullough at
that theater. If there was such a. person
he must have taken very insignificant
parts, as his name does- not appear in
the list of those whp were prominent on
the boards of the California.
IN CASE OF POISONING-Subscriber.
City. In case of poisoning the following
rules are laid down: First, send for a
Physician at once. In the meantime in
duce vomiting by tickling the throat with
either a finger or feather. Make the par
ty who took the poison swallow hot water
or strong water and mustard; also sweet
oil or the whites of eggs. Acids are anti
dotes for alkalies, and vice versa.
It is impossible to tell how much it wouM
l°Z 1° £ r Z an Oil wel1 ' or what machin
ery would be requisite without knowledge
of the character of ground. To tell the
cost of boring and the kind of machinery
that is requisite for each particular kind
of ground would occupy from two to three
columns of space.
ANSWERS TO QUERIES.
ASSATS-J. S. F. W., Austin. Nev. The
University of California will assay rock
and te,, wnat lt conta , nSf -J «*
give the percentage. There are a nuxb
of assay offices in San Francisco that ¦* I
furnish results In detail. The cost of sucii
assays is from $20 up.
manded the Wasp during a voyage to
south America. For two successive years
ne was stationed at the Boston navy yard
and until 1S83 passed his time first at the"
United States Naval Academy and after
7m l a m- h t New York navy y ard - **>«»
inu to 1S& he commanded the Wachusett.
While the league has thus rendered a service to the
community as a whole, it has not been neglectful of
its mission to advance Republicanism. Called into
existence for the purpose of ridding the party of any
danger of boss domination, and as far as possible
eliminating factions from the party ranks, it has ad
dressed itself to the party as a whole and has invited
to its membership all who stand for genuine Republi
canism. The character of the organization is attest
ed by the character of the men chosen to direct its
affairs, and by those selected to act as an advisory
committee. These gentlemen are known as the ex
emplars of a broad and comprehensive party loyalty.
The organization has no particular candidate to sup
port nor any to oppose. It seeks only to bring out
the full strength of the rank and file of the party at
the primaries so that the delegates elected to the nom
inating convention may be truly representative of the
party. A convention made up of such delegates can
be relied upon to nominate a ticket that all Republi
cans and independent dozens will be willing to sup
port
To such an organization there can be no objection
except on the part of men who have factional in
stincts, or who are desirous of playing the part of
leaders in order to gratify an uneasy vanity or to
promote the ambitions of some candidate who pre
fers to trust to intrigue rather than to make an open
canvass before the party as a whole. Such men are
naturally in opposition to the league, for the league
is in opposition to their schemes. It is hardly
credible, however, that any man who possesses a fair
amount of political sagacity will advertise himself as
a would-be boss^by setting up a faction and trying to
split the party on the very eve of the campaign.
It is now the duty of all Republicans to unite with
the league and co-operate in the work of making the
primary elections not only fair and honest as the
law designs, but a full and clear expression of the
will of that great body of good citizens who make up
the party strength. There may be here and there
some notoriety •seeker or office seeker who will
try to push himself to the front, and* who
will take to himself a high sounding title, parad
ing as chairman of this or president of that, assuming
to speak for some mythical committee or association
of the part)', but he will not seriously disturb the
harmony that prevails among the rank and file. This
is to be a campaign for victory. The way to accom
plish it has been pointed out by the Republican
JLeague and is summed up in three words: register
fpd unite. . ' . "•
REGISTER AND UNITE.
BY the Republican Primary League there has
been issued an earnest appeal upon the sub
ject of registration. The appeal points out
that "all citizens not registered at the last election
should register; all who came of age since the last
general election also, and all citizens not registered
who have secured a legal residence in the State and
county since the last general election; all foreign-born
citizens naturalized within ninety days next preceding
the last ger-ral election and prior to May 15, 1901;
all electors who have changed their residence from
another county in this State to this county since the
last general election and prior to May 15, 1901, should
register. The largest class who must register is where
a citizen was registered but has moved out of his
precinct All this class must register in order to
vote. All citizens who are on the register and who
have made no , change of residence since the last
general election need not register."
It will be noted that the appeal is not addressed to
Republicans only but to all citizens. It is in no sense
partisan. Its object is to arouse the voters to a con
sciousness of the importance of primary elections, so
that they may register and secure their right to take
part in them. The approaching primary election is
to be held on August 13, and registration so far as
that election is concerned will close on August 3.
Those facts should be impressed upon the minds of
business, working and professional men, who are so
apt to overlook political -duties and neglect the pri
maries.
CAPTAIN MAHAN, THE GREAT
'AUTHORITY ON NAVAL TOP
* ICS.
WASHINGTON, D. C. June 24.— The
following Callfornlans registered to-day;
At" the National— E. W. Ehmann, R. G.
Lincoln; at the St. James— Mr. and Mrs.
L. G. Kaufman, John J. Wither; at the
Ebbltt— W. C. Bunner; at the Albany—
Hon. E. F. Loud, all from San Francisco.
Calif ornians in "Washington.
Edmund . F. Flinn, who worked for a
number, of years as an artist on local
papers, arrived here yesterday~from New
York. He Is now cartoonist of the Even
ing "World and is spending his summer
vacation with his parents in this city.
John Edward Heaton, a prominent
young club man pf New Haven, Conn.,
who is touring the coast, returned from
Del Monte yesterday and is at the Palace.
Charles Carr, one of the leading real
estate agents of Monterey County, Is In
the city on business .and has made the
Grand his headquarters. .
Dr. \VY, H. "Wallace, accompanied by his
wife and family, arrived here yesterday
from Eureka for a short visit, and regis
tered at the Lick.
Dr. K. M. Lundberg, a prominent den
tist of Upper Lake, formerly well-known
as a Berkeley athlete, is a guest at the
Palace.
Al F. Stoger, an extensive brewer of.
St. Louis, Is a guest at the Palace for a
few days. , '„
• G. E. Cutter of the Dodd-Mead Publish
ing Company of Chicago arrived here yes
terday and Is at the Palace." . •
Professor S. P. Langley of the Smith
sonian Institution of "Washington is at the
Palace.
R. F. Johnson, Mayor of Monterey, Is
at the Grand with his wife. . ¦
Albert Hanson, the well-known jeweler
of Seattle, is staying at the Palace.
J. Kullman, a well-known tanner of
Benlcia, is at the Grand for a few days.
PERSONAL MENTION.
THE most distinguished of the lay
men who are expected to attend the
triennial convention of the Episco
pal church in the United States, to
be held in this city in October next.
Is probably Captain Alfred T. Mahan, who
has been elected from the ' rtfocese of
Washington, D. C. Captain Mahan.
though serving a long and active career
in the navy, seems to have lacked oppor
tunity for the performance of those con- !
spicuous actions which crown the naval
hero \with enduring fame. His record
from the time when he entered the navy
as a cadet in 1859, after graduating at An
napolis, until his retirement three years
ago, was that of a faithful and studious
officer who was held in supreme confi
dence by, his superiors. After serving in
Brazil until 1S61 he was assigned . to - the
frigate Congress and afterward to the
steamer Pocahontas, serving with the
blockading squadron until 1862. On Au
gust 31, 1861, he was commissioned as lieu
tenant. In 1862 and 1863 he was assigned
to the United States Naval Academy and
afterward successively to the steam sloop
Seminole, steamers Muscoota and Iro
quols, the last' with the Asiatic squadron.
In 1869 he was commander of the Aroos
took, then in China waters, and In 1870
and 1871 served at the navy yard. New
York. In 1871 he commanded the Worces
ter and received his commission as com
mander in .1872. In 1S73 and 1874 he com-
As soon as the seedlings bud they are
sent to different parts of the country to
be grafted on plants which have already
been started. Thu3 it is soon discovered
whether the plant. is sufficiently hardy,
and the only remaining question is as to
the quality of the fruit.
¦ When the ' stamen has been completely
removed pollen Is gathered from the blos
soms of the trees in the Government
greenhouses and shaken lightly upon tha
prepared flower. Then the bag is tied
tightly In place to make sure that no
pollen from the same tree becomes
mingled with that already used. After
the fruit has had time to begin forming
the bags are removed and the twig 13
marked with a tag giving the name of tha
other parent.
The paper bags are used to protect tha
flower -which has been fertilized with th«
pollen of the sweet orange. The first step
in the operation of cross-fertilization is
the removal of the pollen-bearing stamen
from the blossom. This is done with
small scissors and pincers.. The petals
are also removed, leaving the stigma ex
posed. This is all done before the blos
soms are fully opened; for by that time
there is danger that bees or other insects
might have carried the pollen from some
open blossom and deposited It on the
stigma.
The 300 hybrid seedlings which Profes
sor "Webber has secured represent a deal
of patient labor. To cross varieties which
are closely related is a comparatively sim
ple matter, but the- Chinese orange and
the Florida, variety have been so Ions
separated, and have grown In such differ
ent environments, that they have almost
forgotten that they belong to the same
genus, and they do not take kindly to
each other. Consequently not more than
one blosom out of a hundred fertilized
with the foreign pollen bears fruit; and
then not more than seven out of fifteen
seeds in that fruit ¦will germinate and pro
duce a plant.
Experiments with this end in view be
gran several years ago. At the present
time the department has about 300 hybrid
seedlings. It Is expected that some of
theje will bear their nrst fruit this fall,
though the majority of them will not bear
msich befora next year.
One plant . with these characteristics
would be worth more than a bonanza
gold mine. It would nerve as the parent
stock for thousands, of ** plants which,
would be grown throughout the Gulf
States, revolutionizing the agricultural In
dustries there and yielding millions to
the growers.
And this Is the explanation of the crop
of paper bags. The blossoms of the tree
have just been crossed with the St.
Michaels and 6aguina oranges. 1 which
are the standard varieties of sweet jHor-
Ida fruitl Professor "Webber is trying to
secure a hybrid which will retain tha
edible qualities of the sweet Florida cr
ange, and at tha same time preserve the.
hardiness of the Chinese mother tree.
The tree is the particular charge of Pro
fessor Herbert J. "Webber, who, with hl3
assistant, is responsible for its bagging.
It Is a species of orange tree, the variety
having: been brought to the United States
from China about ten years ago with the
idea of using it for hedges. It is ever
green, grows about fhlrty feet high and
has sharp thorns. The fruit is small and
runty, and quite unfit for food. But the
fact that it flourishes as . far north as
Maryland, Kentucky, Indiana and Mis
souri gives it a great value to the scien
tists, who are experimenting 1 with a view
to securing a more hardy breed of orange.
A large crop of paper bags seems to be
the yield of a little tree which stands In
the grounds of the Department of Agri
culture at "Washington says the New
York Sun. There ars about fifty of these
bags, each with the neck tied -firmly, as
close Inspection discloses, about one of
the terminal twigs. The effect is rather
grotesque.
GOVERNMENT
I SEARCHING FOR
HARDY ORANGE
The junction is now fairly made between the ir
rigators and the stockmen. The purpose .of each
class can be forwarded in one bill, and the greatest
step taken in the interest of the West since the rail
roads were. built can ; be accomplished. The country
will be relieved by this determination of the West
to use the public domain as a producing asset to pro
vide irrigation in preference to putting another load
on the sinful shoulders of the river and harbor bill.
The progress of aridity will be arrested by leasing the
stock ranges and making -it to the interest of the
leaseholders to renew their forage, thereby restoring
the vegetable protection to the moisture in the soil.
The deep springs that have been dried up by de
struction of the ranges will again become affluent, and
the run-off of streams will recover its regularity. So
this policy will not only get money for irrigation
works; but will also conserve the water to fill them.
The sale of lands in the , States nanxed will not
produce much revenue, 1 and when sold the revenue
ceases altogether; but the "disposal" of lands by
leasing the stock ranges will produce approximately
ten millions of dollars a year, and it will not cease
with the first year, but will be continuous and prob
ably increase as the "pasture is permitted to. recover
and the land carries more stock. That meeting of
irrigators might as well have. used, the phrase, "Sale
or lease," for leasing is the only other method of dis
posal of the public domain, and the Government is
already leasing the grazing lands in the Indian reser
vations, very .beneficially to the lands and to the In
dian funds. Not only does this irrigation plan cover
the land leasing, which The Call has so long advo
cated, but it covers the detail. of that plan which we
have suggested by making it optional with the States
and Territories concerned whether they will accept
such a law or not. The meeting proposed that any
of the States or Territories t desiring to avail them
selves of the provisions of 'the act shall enact laws
accepting its provisions and organize and maintain
a State engineer's office, with authority to plan and
make estimates for reservoirs, "to be paid for out
of the reclamation fund. As another important de
tail they propose that such works shall belong to the
State and may be sold only to' the actual consumers
of the water. This is to prevent their alienation to
speculators in drought and famine, and properly holds
them for the use of the .land irrigators and tillers for
whose benefit they are built. If so sold the proceeds
are to go back into the arid land fund, to be used
over again for reclamation purposes. That is an ex
cellent provision, for if honestly administered ; it
creates a revolving fund that may be used over and
over again to develop and store water.
,£>EVERAL State engineers and members of
¦¦ fS Congress met in Cheyenne last week to formu
*-s late some plan} for , securing " fund's for. irriga
tion. - • • - .
A careful reading oi their conclusions discloses the
fact that, however unwillingly, they abandon Senator
Carter's position, cease to look for an appropriation
in". the river and. harbor bill, and turn to the public
domain as tlte source of revenue for the building of
irrigation works. ¦ ¦ ¦ ',
The outline of the measure they propose provides
•that all moneys received from the sale or disposal of
public lands in Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho,
Utah, Montana, Wyoming, Kansas, Nebraska, Ne
vada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oregon, South
Dakota and Washington, beginning with the fiscal
year 1903, with exceptions covering cost of land ad
ministration, shall be reserved for the benefit of the
State or Territory in which such lands are sold, to
be an arid land reclamation' fund, *to be used by the
Secretary of the Interior for the examination, sur
vey and construction of reservoirs and other irriga
tion works.
THE IRRIGATION PLAN.
then stationed on. the- Pacific, and was
promoted captain in the latter year.
Transferred to Annapolis, he served afl
professor until 1SS6 and as president until
18S9, when he was appointed on a com
mission to select a navy yard In tha
Northwest.
It was during: those quiet years that h«
served as, lecturer at Annapolis that tho
germs of those wonderful works on naval
topics were conceived. , Captain Mahan's
lectures to the students of the academy
became celebrated. Luminous, judicial,
profound and faultless In style, they In
terested an audience far beyond the con
fines of the Institution in which they were
originally delivered. Encouraged by pub
lic appreciation. Captain Mahan ventured
to give wider circulation to his papers in
the magazines and reviews and subse
quently to publish that wonderful work
on "Influence of Sea Power on History."
which came as a revelation to every gov
ernment in the world, stimulating tfce Im
perial, idea and encouraging the grasp for
colonial extension and vaster navies. In
the opinion of Englishmen of affairs thi3
work cf Captain Mahan's was epochal
and the greatest book of the nineteenth
century. Captain Mahan's "Life of Nel
son" has never been equaled, and all other #
books that he has written have been
translated Into every civilized language. -
During the war with Spain Captain
Mahan was a member of the Naval Board
of Strategy and performed signal service.
In the opinion of naval aathoritie3 Cap
tain Mahan's literary works have never
been approached by writers living or
dead.
CAPTAIN MAHAN, NAVAL EXPERT,
IS COMING TO SAN FRANCISCO
The conscience of the world slumbers. Will the
pulpit, silent now while these things be, ever sound
a trumpet* that shall rouse it?
The pity of pities in the whole sad business is the
harm wrought in Christendom itself by those who
rob, murder and oppress in its name. How can peo
ple square what is done and proposed with the spirit
of Christianity which cries out to mankind, Return
not evil for evil, but overcome evil with good; love
your enemies, and those who despitefully, use you;
let not the sun go down on your wrath, and let him
who is without sin cast the first stone? Who can
imagine the founder of Christianity looting .in Pe
king and bragging about it in the newspapers, and
regretting that he was not able to steal more from
those he called his enemies? Then who can imagine
his followers sweeping the ' country bare with the
vile besom of greed and lust, and making a starving
people pay for being robbed?
The undoing of the wretched wrong must prob
ably be left to remote time and history. When
Europe has reached the period of decay that follows
all national excesses, out of Asia may be shot the
We do not impeach British public opinion nor
governmental policy with willing acquiescence in this
sordid tragedy, but unfortunately for humanity Eng
land is in no position to aid in the enforcement of
the American and Japanese view.
But turn where one will there seems no spark of
humanity or justice to encourage the hope of a more
humane policy. Our Government has fought the dip
lomatic fight for justice step by step, but could not
prevail alone or with the help of Japan only among
the nations.
An Americaa has the right to feel proud at the
moderation of our soldiers and the attitude of our
Government. We and Japafl present the only bright
spot in this bloody picture of murder, greed and re
pacity. The nations prate about trade with China
and at the same time propose to burden those people
with exactions that will leave them able to supply
only the most primitive wants, while what should go
into trade to keep pace with their rise to a higher
plane of existence, with its wants increasing with the
ability to supply them, will go to gorge ihe greed of
the worst band of robbers that ever made the vin
dication of religion a pretext for crimes unspeakable.
In all justice and common fairness China should
be c/edited with the millions stolen and destroyed,
and if the life of a Christian is appraised at a certain
sum, the life of an innocent Chinese murdered wan
tonly by a brutal soldiery should at least partly off
set that sum.
It is a grievous spectacle, but in all Christendom
there appears no man tall enough above the sordid
mass to sting the civilized conscience with the re
morse that should frighten it at contemplation of the"
crime.
THE , European powers are getting ready for
further and most outrageous exactions' from
China. Not content with- devastating a popu
lous part of the empire,- murdering thousands of inno
cent people andleaving hundreds of thousands to die
of famine by cutting the grand canal and inundating
the country, they demand ian indemnity • which gro
tesquely exceeds any proper compensation for in
juries complained of, and will oppress an impover
ished people for many generations to come, and upon
China's consent to take the burden they now pro
pose to add to it the cost of sending /their armies, of
robbers and murderers and maintaining them in
China while they looted and slaughtered./
THE CHINESE GRAB.
sad example of other timbered regions, bj which we
should be warned, but they all admit the hopelessness
of the situation without the help of State and Federal
law.-:,-^ ' ¦ ' ' • ¦ :'-.¦¦ ¦¦ / ¦ ¦: £%. .'¦•¦> "V'V:
When 'forest destruction has impaired: the fertility
of the State and made the desert show, its white teeth
where now the rose charms with its blush, the people
who come after us will;read" that we. spent our time
over such grave questions as. the number, of attaches
necessary-to wait on one member of our Legislature,
and let -the forests burn and drought -and the. desert
come. We will be known as a generation which made
one blade of grass grow where.' two grew before, and
posterity will have little occasion to remember -us
with respect. > " '
;- . . ¦-••¦ - ¦ •¦•¦ : ¦ • •- ' ¦'-••• ¦ ¦ ¦¦
:£th;e:<s^^
6
AMUSEMENTS.
Columbia — "Under Two Flagrs."
Alcazar — "Sapho."
Grand Opera House — "Fedora,"
Central— "Uncle Tom's Cabin."
TlvoM— -The Toy Maker."
Orpneum — Vaudeville.
Olympla. corner Maaon and Eddy streets— Specialties. "?. '$,
Chutes, Zoo and Theater— Vaudeville every afternoon and
evenir.c. B*^oH
•Fischer**— Vaudeville.
Sixteenth and Folsom streets — Scientific Boxing, Thursday,
July 4.
Sutro Baths— Swlmmlnff.
AUCTION SAXES.
By G. H. Umbeen & Co.— Monday. July 24, at 12 o'clock.
Choice ProDertT. at 1* Montgomery street.
Call subscribers eontemplatlncr » cbanffo mt
residence dnrlnr tlie snmmer months can har*
Cfcelr paper forwarded br mall to tbelr neir
addresses hy notifying; Tbe Call Business Office.
TaUs ptftcr will also be on sale at all summer
¦•«¦¦ la auid Is represented by av local aaremt la
•U temi «m tbe coast. 1~N
10 SUBSCRIBERS LEAYKG TOWI FOR THE SUMMER.

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