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ant we will take that up. My advice is.
do not ship provisions into the valley. As the price * of groceries at the store is regulated by. the commissioners, and as 1 have found them very reasonable,' I believe campers will find it more satis factory to buy at the store in Yosemite.' Prices are 15 to 20 per cent higher than in . the city, but one is saved the freight and general nuisance at both ends. This year our box arrived the day before we left. ; The following list is suggested for a party *f three, to last four or five days! 2 packages rolled eats, 3 pounds pilot bis cuit, 2 pounds cheese, 2 pounds sugar, 1 pound : coffee, z pounds bacon, 2 pounds chocolate; canned goods— 2 cans' beans, 2 cans fruit, : 2 cans condensed milk and 1 can syrup. Concerning the. milk, I have always found that the- second grade, \ if well recommended, is as •satisfactory as the fancy article. A small can or- bottle of syrup will' be ample. Add to this list a square of butter, a little salt, pepper, tea and vinegar, and you should be able to reach, the valley with full j Some people would add to this even a can of corned beef, ; one of sardines and one of deviled ham. , : Then the personal -kit is a very import^ ant matter. Many long tramps have taught me ' that the following: are neces sary: Soap, two or three towels, tooth brush, pocket knife, comb, four handker chiefs, candle, shoe 'laces, four pairs , socks/ table knife, fork" and spoon, tin plate and cup. I believe that a large cup ¦with a cover, will be found useful. besides the small ! cup. . Some may need I to carry shaving soap,; razor and brush. - As \ for head gear I found a . straw ; hat and an English cap to answer all purposes. The, latter was useful because i It was not' only.. inexpensive but could be stowed away In the - pocket if desired. . : 'A' reporter once : ; interviewed 'General Carr. thp celebrated . Indian : . i fighter. "What . are > the : most important matters In a campaign?" . .V :.;:... , ; ; ±\ ¦_:¦ \ ' : : ; "The men's stomachs and feet." /',*-..' . ' :* - ' / "But what about the fighting?" "Oh, that's a detail." ... So in. one of these tramps the same es sential conditions prevail. To tramp well: ¦one must be. well fed and sleep comfort ably. But, - really, more, than these, .he must take the greatest care of his feet. ¦To ".attain .'.this' end ithe "traveler should wear a pair of shoes that have been thor oughly broken in. Provided they are good and strong, the footwear of everyday use will«be sufficient.-. Be : sure, however, that the soles ¦ are strong and thick—an oak- I tap sole is said; to be.the best. It might be' an'' advantaged to'"have a, half-moon patch sewed on each side of the foot as a protection f against granite chips : on v th* trails. Moreover, one should take along a : pair '.of 'strong leather slippers, ? or daiic ing pumps/ or light ties. Should the ; regular shoes . chafe "while .'on ; the" march it is; a. great benefit to change, off and 'give. the sore spots a chance to heal. Moreover, •' It ; is ¦ of the utmost advantage * to put these"; on in' the morning, on" rising '• and ; on , making camp at night. J: The I'very ; change (from . heavy to \ light \ footwear in . the; latter ; case i is ; wonderful. The '1 feet ' have' enough of the heavier "shoes on the march. Save them all you can Vat 'other times. : . •;,„., V; _ ; • : " "'¦'.' As. f or^ blankets, the most Important de-~ tall, in this regard is a'\ rubber 'blanket, or piece of canvas, to lay on the ground to prevent the dampness of the ground from crawling into, your bones. Then I have found that two thicknesses of good blank et under me and six over was sufficient. This may seem a great deal to some, but I did not find it any too much, even with all my clothes: on, during two or three nights. At one camping place th* top •lanket ' was about soaked . with - cold moisture when" I rose.- *N. As to the arrangement of the blankets, if there are two sleeping together one rub ber-blanket will do,.- and three doubl* blankets, as the mutual warmth is'con siderable./ This would give two thick nesses below and; four' above. But my experience on three long tramps has been that* more is required if; sleeping j alone. To accomplish this I doubled two blankets separately ; and . laid one on 1 top- of the other. Then taking; a heavy needle and some strong thread, doubled, I sewed up the bottom and one side and half way up the other. ' -.This made ¦ a bag in which I could crawl; its great advantage of design being. I found, that il, could have any thickness, of cover I desired. Many a night I.: have .fallen- asleep, comfortably under two thicknesses, only to wake in the middle of the night and crawl under , two > more; :, . , : - I found myself considerably bothered with' the cold down my back and shoulders because the : blankets would [ not ; fl t ¦ com fortably around my neck. This was easily remedied by continuing. the stitches at the ! top'; of the' bag, three ' or ', four 'inches f foin the back ; .seam/ This" device caused; the bag to -fit snugly behind. : ..-. Y .. On retiring i I 'would ~ remove the • sock* used during the' day's tramp and, if . con veniehtl wash the^f eet*. I .would then draw on the socks to be used the next day/ arid over, these in cool j weather 'a.' heavy, large pair. ..This: method, piyes freedom tojthe feet and keeps them warm. By nomeaai HOW much heat can a human b*. ing stand? Thousands of New Yorkers asked themselves i this question when thermometers on Broadway registered 103 degrees. The system of a normal person can endure twice that' much. It Is Quit* possible to tone It up to withstand 604 degrees of heat. Nowhere in the world does th* solas heat begin to approach man's capacity for resistance. In Death Valley, CaL, th* thermometer has registered 140 degree* Fahrenheit. The ordinary man "n and does adjust himself to th* cUm&U la •af*ty. . . ,¦:,;?" Stokers in big steamship* work la aq average temperature of from 180 to 1M degrees. In the boiler-room ef a dozen svQdJngfl in, the skyscraper district th* h aat (rota the . boilers is Intense enough to coos aa egg hard in ten minutes if it Is laid on the floor six feet away from the furnace. Firemen work in this atmosphere yeaj after year without visible harm. • Women walk. in the ovens of the La Rochefou* cauld bakeries of France when the ovens are heated to 301 degrees. Colored races can endure more heal tha'n white races. ¦ The educated freak. Chabert, th© F!r« King, used to enter an oven which ranged from 400 to 600 degrees Fahrenheit.- A common modern remedy for rheuma tism is the baking of the body in an asbestos tub heated at 225 degrees. Nobody knows what t*kes place in th« human system under stress of sunstroke. Dr. Sambon. of London, the greatest au thority upon the question, pronounces sunstroke an infectious disease. He saya It ' is due to micro-organism. True sun* stroke, says Dr. Sambon. is unknown in Europe. It i- does not occur In Central America or. in the high table lands of tha United States. The limit of what one may endure la the way of solar beat Is, of course.' how« ever,' far from that at which normal health is more or less In danger. The doctors declare that anything above 85 degrees in a . temperate climate, such as that -which New Tor k Is supposed to enjoy, constitutes a menace. • The chief reason for this Is, naturally, that: the human system In the temperate zones ¦ is , not I acclimatised to so fierce ; a .temperature and has no chance to become so owing to the comparatively short dura* tloa of ,th9 heated periods.' ? ' '. ' HOW MUCH HEAT CAN A HUMAN BEING STAND? sirable camp requires the following: A flat dry place, with*»»»neth!ng to make your resting place easy, if possible; plenty of good water; plenty of fuel, but with freedom from danger of setting the coun try on fire: protection from wind, as an exposed place might make sleeping un comfortable. • How to find all these necessary quali ties in a camp is difficult; therefore, I say that if you reach such a place between 4 and 5 in the afternoon with a good day's work behind you make a camp by all means, especially if you are uncertain of the road ahead. If you put it on! an hour or two you may find the sun going down and your party half way up some grade •with no camping place within five miles. Moreover do not choose a settlement for a camp if it can be avoided; except to purchase supplies this is a disadvantage rather than otherwise. Now let us consider what is necessary on a camping expedition- to the individ ual and to the party. Let us figure on a party of three. First on the list is a coffee pot. The size of this should be in pro portion of one pint (two cups) to each person. A two-quart camping pot can be obtained for 35 cents. Be sure to boil it out thoroughly with soap and then with fresh . water. Frying pan— for three this should be of good size; for five I would add a small en». This can fit inside the larger. Sauce pans: Get a granite "dou ble boiler"; this will answer about all the purposes of an exacting camp cook in this respect. Rope: Even if there Is no ani mal with the party I contend that a coil of clothes line, twenty-five or thirty feet, is desirable for emergencies. Dish towels, three or four. Brown soap. Two galvan ized table spoons. Small butcher knife, if no belt knife is carried in the party. Can opener and matches.. I regard a compass as indispensable on such a journey, for the safety of the party. Be provided with a . cloth covered canteen. This can be obtained for 35 cent3 upward at gun shops. When necessary fill with water and soak the felt. Evapo ration, keeps the water cool: Good maps are a great convenience and sometimes a "necessity. Address the Director, United States Geological Survey, Washington, D. C. enclose 10 cents (not in stamps), and he will send you two magnificent maps that are worth ten times the money. Ask for Yosemite and Sonora squares. For .the benefit of the party, and. to avoid two persons carrying the same things, I would suggest the following: ' A Email variety of needles, black and 'whit* thread (not too fine), a few buttons, a email pair of scissors, a cheap thimble, a small bit of wax, a. little tape, and three papers of safety, plna, small, medium and large." Last .but not least, a few bachelor buttons. ¦..-.;, . As the subject of eating is very. Import- R-^GING. boiling volcano of sliver f I and diamonds. Such are the Ne r"H vada Falls this year, and the rest • I of Yowmite do«s not suffer by contrast. It has been truly a grand year In the valley, for the snow has been heavy on the high Sierras and the streams full In consequence, which has riven us m&mlflcent falls and abundant vegetation. T» a person «£ means visiting Yosemite Van«y Is a very simple matter. It con sists ef buying- a round-trip ticket, pack la* » Tails* and taking the proper train aad stag*. Arriving in the valley one can stay at th* ketel or find accommodations at #a« of th* permanent camps. But to a person of limited means a visit to the ET*t.t park 1* bo «uch simple matter, and uu *ogg*etlons to this das* I believe are aimers aoce»tablt. £•«« people znake a mistake In visiting th* valley at ail. If you are going to cal cttlat* the amount of building material in El Ce.pl tan. if you are going to sigh over the amount ef power In Bridal Veil going te waste, or compare the view before you wtth that seen from Mount Lowe or St. Bplft&a ia favor ef th* last two, you would brtter stay a«xjr, Tou will certainly 1TMt* yeur •trn time and annoy your BflffhbcM with your remarks. Ther* are flv* methods of visiting the TfJ|eT-«*y ttig*. by wagon, by horse, on ¦» blsjole ani on foot. While the last may tare serious Aitadvantages to some, after all many ptcpie believe It to be the only tn»* way «f getting th* most oi/t of the tflp. At this na* been my favorite aeUaed, i ffjy en «er a few suggestions to t°y vho aay wish to make the at ttcj>t. If * 9*ftr *€ three »r more eta be ar **»f*4 It If very, desirable to hav© a pack •Stall, lrot a» this involve* complication ia th* rHw* *t expense, care *f the ani mal, tn* «<jlectio-. of a proper one. etc., I will net ventur* t» eay any more on this polfit If it 1» eeclded to carry the lug. gar* frcm flfteea to eighteen pounds must be calculated. Six to seven pounds will be allowed for blankets, and the re mainder for personal articles, cooking utensils and provisions. As for the best method of carrying a pack I can only B ay that there are as tnar.y different methods as there are peo ple who carry a pack. However, the style that suits me best is to roll my package as tight and as cylindrical as possible and' eling it from one ahoulder to the opposite hip by a strap. O n the inside of this etrap, at the shoulder, have a broader piece of leather sewed to protect the Bhoulder from liability to chafe. Right here let r ae offer a word ef ad vice that, if followed, will relieve the travelers of 8om<s unnecessary trouble while on the march,. When packing up In the morning bo arrange matters that at lunchtime there -will be no unpacking to be done; and, moreover, if it is necessary to stop and cook 'dinner before camp for the night ther* will be little re- packing. Tramping through, an almost uninhabit ed country and among. lonely mountains one would naturally suppose that when; It comes time to make camp all that is. necessary Is to Etop wherever you 'are. Unless you dispel this Illusion ; you are^ 1 Quite likely to regret having harbored* Euch an idea. Bear ' in mind tl»at a de 4 '¦•''¦ *-' '¦ wear your shoe* at night. - . While on this subject let me «ay that I am accustomed to cut out two or thre* pairs of insoles from extra good quality of cardboard. I would suggest this for the double purpose of keeping the stockings clean and to make the feet fit snug In case the shoes prove a trifle too loose, In which, case it is as bad as being too tight. More over, should the feet swell, as does hap pen sometimes, the cardboard can be re moved. On the contrary. If y° ur shoe8 •*• snug and, your feet swell you are literally ••in a box." If you take the trouble to cut these insoles, make a good job of it, a* otherwise they will do you no good. As the head, neck and ears may be cold during the night a handkerchief laid over the head and the four corners drawn to gether under the chin and fastened with a safety pin will be sufficient for comfort. Now 'concerning the routes. Of thes* there' are three; • and it Is not necessary, nor do I suggest, that the same route b« taken both* ways. Route 1-Take, night boat to Stockton. Fare. 50 cents; berth, 50 cents to IL Rail to Chinese Camp: fare, $3 50. From hero It Is sixty-five miles to the guardian's office In the valley. Th* road is good. The first heavy grad* la Priest* Hill, about 2200 feet from th« river to Bi* Oak Flat, or 3200 inall. Qroveland Is tb* last place to make purchase*. From her* to Crockers (or Sequoia) th* country undu lates. At Hogdon ranch. 467S feet, begin* thelast long grade; reachinr 7200 *t Gin Flat, when the long descent into th« val ley begins. I. would suggest right -her* that "Oh My Point" be named Exclama tion Point. One* of the great features of this route is the South Fork of the Tuol umne Cany on. and the beautiful fall*. Route 2— Take train to Merced, $4 S5. -The distance to the valley is eighty miles. The road is fair-as good as any for. on© who is tramping. . First heavy grade Is after. leaving Coulterville. about 1200 feet. At the latter ' place , the ' last purchases must be made. •There are fine camping : places after passing; Dudley. „ From Bow ers Cave another grade of -2000 feet is en " countered, reaching 5000 feet in altitude. Near Merced Grove 6000 feet Is reached. *Froni here into the valley the road rolls gently.' only, exceeding the altitude named by two or three hundred feet. The great -feature of this route is the beauty of the :- high Sierras unfolding at every important ' bend in ( tbe road— something which is de nied on other routes. ¦¦¦¦'," Route 3— Take rail to Raymond, J6. Dis tance into the valley sixty-eight miles. A heavy grade is ' reached . on \ crossing ' the Chowchilla Mountains, .6000 feet above the sea. •; At -Wawona-. supplies., can be ob tained^ From here the grade is 2200,feet— then , comes '. the , dip ] Into . the valley.' The greaVfeature of this route is the;Wa'wGna y alley, . second only : to To'semite,' ¦ Sid* -trips of half a day •*ch will Uk» on* t« the Marlposa big trees and to Chllunslna Falls. Roads are Tery good on this route. Concerning expenses other than trans portation: My bill for provisions two years ago was $7. This year It was $8. These Included some meals taken on th* boat, at different towns and once fn th* valley. This year my Incidentals amount ed to $1 60-on my last trip the Item was much less. In providing for a trip $1 should be Included In the estimate for toll -60 cents each way, It will be seen by these figures that, omitting the Item of clothing and personal equipment; blank ets, etc., a tramping trip to the Yosemlts can be undertaken for fifteen or twenty dollars, according to the route. As for *the tim* of the tramp four days should be allowed on the first and third route* and five on the second. 7 THE SUNDAY C ALL. How to see the Yosemite afoot