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It comes from them with a seriousness which does not always belong to matters which are brought before us by some individual or some diocese. The amendments which have been offered to the canon as reported by the com mitt*<- and the House of Bishops are amend ments which seek to put the thing back where It was, or rather leave It Just exactly where it Ftood before. The smendment means the. old canon, with which you were dissatisfied. I quite apree with the criticism which has been made upon the statement of the delegate from the foreign churches. I am no apologist for the Roman church, but I appeal to the ex- I I |f rlence and knowledge of every man, dcr j cyman or layman in this house, whether, as a f t<xiy. the Roman Catholics of the United States \ do not stand out notably distinguished by their i freedom from divorce and remarriage. Rev. Dr. Kevin interrupted to say that The Rev. Dr. Cameron Mann of West Missouri favored the canon in the follow ing speech: One thing that has been only faintly recog nized eo far in this discussion is that this matter comes up to this convention, not at the volition of some individual, not as a memorial from some diocese or group of dioceses, but because this whole church, as represented at her last General Convention, felt that the pres ent condition of affairs was not satisfactory, that the present canons of the church with r«-£ard to marriage are not meeting the Issue. and that something more ought to be done, and a committee was- appointed by this house to take the matter in hand. priesthood, when he stool here and declared that &0 per cent of Italian marriages were adulterous, and that the clergy of the Roman <-hurch were accustomed to treat adultery as & venial fcin. to be condoned. I reject and 1 resent that testimony. The figures do not agree with him; they show that Italy is not fven among the most immoral countries of Europe, but that her standard of morality., as shown by statistics, is comparatively high. If you are to be swayed by arguments of this kin< I would adduce the instance of Ire land, her enemies themselves being Judges, the chastest nation on the face of the earth, and at the name time the most unconquerably, the most obstinately Roman Catholic. It is to the honor of Ireland that her percentage of il legitimate births as shown by statistics refer ring to national, and racfa.1 morality. Is lower than that of any other nation that compiles such statistics. I do not believe that the peo pU- of Italy are a race of moral Hottentots or that the priests of the Roman church are priests in the temple of Aphrodite. DEFEOT53 THE BOMAIN' CHUBCH. Continued From Page One. of christianizing the Philippines is pro gressing favorably. In Porto Rico, according to reports, It seems a little bit more difficult to impress the natives. Brazil and West Virginia were also reported as fields where the work \u25a0was extremely difficult. A resume of the work done was consid ered entirely satisfying, for in many of these districts the people are so closely wedded to the traditions of their fore fathers that the introduction of new forms of worship are extremely difficult. The Bishops are convinced that with am ple funds at their disposal they can carry out the text "Go ye therefore and teach all nations." It was with extreme regTet that the announcement that the Bishop of Alaska was unavoidably absent was Tecelved. This new "land of gold" is considered one of the most promising fields. The natives, it was said, are ready to receive the Gos pel, but while the efforts so far made have met with a small modicum of success, it is hoped that with better means of communication the missionaries will be able to -work more assiduously and be en abled to overcome nature's obstacles. A- further session of the Board of Mis sions will be held to-night, at which other distinguished workers in the missionary field will speak. he was being misrepresented. He did not state that immorality In Italy was the re sult of the Roman church's teachings, but it was rather the result of the fact that divorce was prohibited on any ground whatever, and that the clergy themselves had been influenced thereby to look upon it in a venial way, as the people had. He certainly did not mean for a moment to attribute this state of Immorality to the teaching of the Roman Catholic priests. Rev. Dr. Mann resumed, saying: A great share of the discussion on this ques tion has been at random. We have been dis cussing whether people should be allowed to be divorced and remarried. That Is not the ques tion. Personally I believe in certain cases in the right of people to a divorce and to a remarriage. Personally I believe that there are other causes besides adultery for which a di vorce might be granted and one of the parties be free to remarry. • Those- things are the exceptions for •which It was sought to find some remedy In 'the canon which will be submitted to you immediately after this one. the canon on the discipline of persons once divorced in marrying again. The question now is simply as to whether the clergy of this church shall solemnize the marriage of any divorced person. The church does not say to any person under this canon: 'You shall not be remarried after divorce." It simply says to our clergy: "You shall not marry any person who Is divorced where the former partner Is still living. DE. McKIM ATTACKS CANON". The Rev. Dr. McKim of "Washington delivered a stirring 1 speech, as follows: I would like to say a word or two to clear up my own position in regard to a question of the interpretation of Holy Scripture. In an nouncing my own conviction that this canon would be in violation of the teaching: of our Lord Jesus Christ and in contradiction to the Holy Gospels, I, of course, did not intend to imply for a single moment that other gen tlemen upon this floor, who took a different view of the meaning of the Holy Scripture, were not absolutely entitled to their own opin ion, nor did I wish to cast any imputation upon them; but the question- is simply this: j Something has been said this morning about the gratitude which dwells In the heart be- Between two interpretations of Holy Scripture which shall control and direct • the legislation of this church, that which has controlled among us for a hundred years, that which has behind it the opinion and the testi mony of all Protestant Christendom, of the whole Eastern church and of the united voice of the episcopate, or shall it . be an \u25a0interpre-' tatlon which Is defended. chiefly on Roman in terpretation and by a few Anglican divines, and in America by Bishop Hall and some others and the Rev. Dr. Brlggs? I would like to say that the interpretation which I believe to be the true one is supported by a larsre number of the greatest divines In the old and in modern times. FURTHER consideration of the ' work of the Board of Missions was held last night at Trinity Church. There was a large at tendance of lay and clerical delegates and the most Impor tant topics of interest to the church were considered. "Go ye therefore end teach all nations" was the text from v.hich was preached the sermons of the visiting missionary Bishops. An enthusiastic congregation, composed of workers in the missionary field, asseni bied to meet the Bishops. As each one told of the difficulties encountered In pro pagating the Gospel in his chosen or as signed Held the auditors listened with rapt attention. The newly acquired ter ritories of the United States, gathered In during the war with Spain, and the in congruous religious combinations that were developed since that time came in for lengthy explanations. The Bishop of New York, who has charge of the work in the Philippines; the Bishoris of Peru and Brazil, who are also in his province, as is also the Bishop of "West Virginia, gave interesting details of the work of their assistants. The work DEPUTIES VOTE ON DIVORCE LAW Bishops With Extra Territorial Jurisdiction Speak of Their Labors. MISSION FIELDS IS THEIR STUDY Delegate" Buxton- of North Carolina at this point \u25a0 offered a resolution that the committee take a vote oh the question at 12, o'clock. . , .:.'\u25a0 . r- ;.; SPEAKS ON PRACTICAL SIDE.. The Rev. Dr. Roller . of We3t Virginia secured the floor, however, and said : I •' desire to Vad'dVess ! myself more : particularly to the practical r side of : this question. Per sonally my sentiments are very much like those of the pessimist described on this floor the other day. • I cm opposed to the several • clauses of this fourth, section. because it seems. to me that whenever . this -church fails to , encourage, \u25a0. to guard, - to defend and ,£o protect innocence . she is I departing : from an,, important - part j of ' her high and holy mission on earth.* '. r, ' If • this canon ' is passed as it. stands it seems to me that It will' be necessary to begin at once the, revision' of 'the -prayer book,, which Issupposed to have been' closed. .The 'tables of : consanguinity and \u25a0; affinity have ' been left out \u25a0 and .it is * now proposed to ' leave out - tlw only "possible exception- which ;, has -•' been ; ex pressed I by J our | blessed j Lord | and master, ; and when that is done we must make the marriage service; so that .instead .of readme.' in the chare© to' those about ,: to • be : married,' "be; well assured' ''.that if any are joined to gether otherwise - than , as \u25a0. God's r. word doth allow: their marriage is not lawful," we must insert, "this | church," »: and assure them V that If • any ' Joined ' together otherwise than * as '\u25a0 this At the present time, when a clergyman of this church refuses to marry a I divorced per son, the whole world knows that he refused be cause the divorce Is not for cause of adultery: but if we adopt this canon, j on the refusal of the . clergyman they „ will- know why, and the church . will: cease to make Its protest against the immorality of adultery.. .. ;; I Just ' a single word , in regard to a question that I trust will touch the hearts and the minds of all here. I ask the members of this 'house:' ' "Will • you ,. put a ycke.upon the, consciences of a great majority of the clergy of this church, a majority of the clergy. of this body,. and a ma jority of perhaps three-fourths of the clergy of- the whole '.United States by Imposing this burden?" .. ; \u25a0. ' . ' ;\u25a0 . '\u25a0' •'\u25a0 . • "•'' uary no divorce will be legal in the District of Columbia except for the cause of adultery.. . That was brought about by Christian unity. Adopt this amendment and you take away from the 'church this leadership in that re spect; you make it impossible for us to stand with our brethern and work with them for the purification of the family. I regard this meas ure as absolutely fatal, and I regard it as abso lutely: fatuous if it is supposed for a single moment that its adoption is to have any such effect as that. And ; then I want to say that it will weaken the moral protest that this church is now \u25a0 making against unlawful di vorces. -.'..-. Consider that at the, present time thlschurch is leading the opinion of the Protestant churches upon this matter. Some time ago in the diocese of "Washington there was a com bination formed under the leadership of the Bishop of Washington, different, clergymen of different congregations came - together - and agreed to petition. Congress: to -abolish all causes of .divorce, except, adultery, and that has been successful; and after the 1st of Jan- Now, 6lr, I ask these questions: Has this rig orous theory which some of the committees confess lies behind the legislation ever been efficacious ? Has it been efficacious in Porto Rico for the last four hundred years, or In Spain. ' cr the Philippines for- the last four hundred years? In regard to this whole sub ject I appeal to •the intelligence of those who hear me not to vote to engraft a principle upon our canon law, which, wherever it has been tried. : has not conduced to the purity : of the home,' and if It has reduced the number of divorces has done so at the . cost of an in crease of concubinage and adultery. But it is said that this canon does not touch the right of the innocent party to marry again. It is defended upon contradictory . grounds. Some tell us it means, the indlssolublllty of marriage. Then other members \u25a0 of : the • com mittee get; up and tell us no, it does not touch the question of the right of the inno cent "party to marry, .it only Is a question re lating to the use of the marriage service. Then, gentlemen.^of the convention, .this canon has lost In moral significance if that Is true. Then it means only Just, this: A canon/ to protect the marriage service, ' not to protect the home;' it is a canon not for the purpose of conserving.' morality, but . a canon for the purpose of fencing around . the mar riage service of our prayer 'book. •. \u25a0 Now. sir, here is a confession ., of the impo tence of this canon. . . - I hope this convention will not be' stampeded into legislation of this kind j upon the ground that we must do something. It Is remarkable, but it is a fact, that not one speaker upon this floor has even attempted to show In what way this canon would help to restrain di vorce. We have had a great deal of beautiful eloquence about the purity of the family and the sanctity of the home, but no one has given us a single reason . for believing that either the sanctity of the home or the purity of the family would be conserved or protected by such legislation as this. Wny, sir, they came to us like a quack doctor, saying: "Take this nostrum of mine, it will cure." We want to known what is in the prescription; we want to know how it will have the effect of curing us before we swallow it. ,.-,.. - \u25a0 . . cause the House of Bishops has taken this ac tion. I would like to call attention to the racl that, although our own House of Bishops, by a narrow majority, has passed this canon, nevertheless this is in conflict with the voice of the universal episcopate of the Anglican Communion. yfT jo a. m. to-day the House of Bishops zvill again meet in the Sunday-school room of Trin j/x ity Church for the transaction of business, resuming its session at 3 p. m. after the midday recess. . The House of Deputies will assemble in Trinity Church at 10 a. m. and will probably take, the final vote on the canon on marriage and divorce, which passed the committee of the whole yester day. The House, sitting as ike committee of the zvholc, has yet to passjipon the canon on -discipline for divorced persons who remarry. • » This evening at 8 o'clock the two houses will meet .jointly as the Board of Missions and hear reports on the missions of Africa, Hay ti and the Southern States of America. ONLY THREE DAYS NOW REMAIN FOR EPISCOPAL CHURCH TO TRANSACT WORK OF THE CONVENTION. DISTINGUISHED PRELATES OF THE PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL, CHURCH WHO ARE IN ATTENDANCE AT THE NINTH TRIENNIAL CONVENTION, WHICH IS NOW IN ITS THIRD WEEK'S SESSION IN THIS CITY. THE DELEGATES WILL CONCLUDE THEIR WORK THURSDAY NIGHT. ..*\u25a0 The saddest paragraph in the awful chapter moreover, is the manner in which the churches and the ministers stand -charged with doing much,. both by sins of inanition. and by sins of commission, to the actual bringing about of that \ terrible woe. - ' There are hundreds ' on the Lord's day" who preach Christ and say it may be : : that- the family. Is -the nursery of the vir tues,*'but on Monday they stand up, : without, it may , be, a single question, and say I pronounce you man and. wife. \u25a0 . •..-.... . A. member of our own , communion : went to my own Bishop some time since and asked his permission for. what the canon,'; even as It novv stands, v does not" allow. : To-day she Is a mem ber of the great Roman community; presum ably she, "cither for this or for that consldera- I most' heartily favor the canon as it conies to - us from : the \ House of Bishops, because I believe,, first, in the indestructibility of mar riage itself, and second, that the conditions in the family and society at large are such as to, imperatively demand an utterance that will challenge an honest .public sentiment. -: While many, look : upon this age as the very greatest and best of the ages, others take a more sober view and say there is room for the very gravest apprehension. The chief menace to our civilization. In their estimation, . moreover, is not what it Is com monly supposed to be; they, for instance do not view it by. any means in the materialism with which the; spirit of commercialism is permeat ing society; neither do we see what is most to be feared either in strong drink, the spreading discontent " of ! the masses, the i prevalent cor ruption In politics,' or the maladministration of public affairs as seen in cities like New York, Philadelphia, Chicago," and perhaps even San Francisco. -•\u25a0 : ' . : \u25a0'. . . • • . . .:\u25a0\u25a0.>•.- • Strike out the i whole of the last part of section 4 beginning* with the word ."unless." "Unless the former marriage was. annulled by a decree of some civil court of competent Juris diction-, for cause existing before such former marrlace.V : • " \u25a0 \u25a0 - FAVORS TOTAL PROHIBITION. The. Rev. j Dr. Hah of Delaware cham pioned the canon in the following speech: I submit that this is in the nature of hurried legislation,- and hurried legislation does not accord with the conservatism qt this church. I. know you may smile and consider It pre sumptuous, in me to say that after this com mission has had this matter in charge for so long that ; now we are in danger of hurried legislation, but I believe it, and because I believe it I want to offer the following amend ment: \u25a0. - • ' . . . . . A delegate— I would like to ask if it would not practically amend the mar riage ' service to read: "Until death or adultery doth us part"? Dr.'Roller resumed, saying: ', church doth allow their marriage is not lawf u: tlon, commanded what the church of her fathers did not allow. What do these things indicate if they do not indicate that the church of the living God: is helping to open the gates through which is rushing the tide which event ually will engulf our civilization and make our land the greatest desolation of the ages? Our Anglo-Saxon civilization Is doomed un less they who represent it at its strongest and its best resolve that the sanctity and the integ lity of the family must and shall.be preserved. Thousands upon thousands are at this very hour looking • to this convention in the strong hope that we, with confidence and courageous convictions, will give this church" of ours the prestige of masterly leadership in the great movement for social regeneration. .CLAIMS CANON IS "UNFAIR. The Rev. Dr. Grammer of Southern Vir ginia said in part: I am prepared to support five propositions. I am prepared to support the proposition that the term translated in the Bible "unchas tlty" means adultery. I claim that the general, phrase here acquires a particular significance, and I assert that it it does not. then Christ is not a safe moral guide; first because he will either allow a double standard of morality, saying that a man can put away a woman' In case she has been un chaste before marriage, which if it does not ap ply to" ' her i makes him uphold a double standard; If it does not ap ply to the man. makes Christ have a double standard, and if does apply to the man makes Christ open the largest door for divorce that was ever opened: saying of every man who Is not perfectly chaste that his wife upon discovering prematrimonlal Infidelity can become divorced. But the general tenor of the passage is that Christ is limiting divorce. I therefore claim he i is not opening the door; he is closing it. The word must be considered as havins a special significance, j It must mean adultery. I call upon the rector of St. Bartholomew's to bring out of the secrecy or his own breast, the rea sons that make him depart from so intelligent an lntei oretatlon. \u25a0 I call upon him and as* him to say why it Is he departs from the judg ment of such scholars as Lisrhtf oot and those who have been specified. He can't keep it quiet because we are bound to specify to the world and It is not a matter of private Judg- I charge" and claim that this action degrades marriage, making It a spiritual union that can only be "dissolved physically by death, instead of a spiritual union. that can be dissolved by a spiritual act. one specified by Jesus Christ. HI claim that this action Is against the prayer book . and the . language of the • service. | The gentleman- asks, how is It that they do not specify adultery? • Our church is a church of good taste, and so it covers up the whole trans action in .this "phrase, "I take .thee, John: I take \u25a0 theey. Mary, according to God's holy ordi nance." That qualifies It all — "according to God's ordinance"; and it contains that.speci fication. I . would . like to ask. how Is it that you are going, to be so rigorous that the chair man of .; the • committee on canons will stand up \u25a0 and i say, • , "I favor- separation," when the same service says, l "I • will cleave unto. her. I will cherish her, I will love her." And yet he says I am in . favor » of \u25a0 sesaratlon. I charge him to answer that' question. \u25a0"» \u25a0\u25a0 .." I claim that | this action Is contrary to . the genius of - our church, : a church that would not condemn \ the \u25a0 theater r in ages . when all plays turned- on betrayal., -v : . . . I claim that it is unfair to the poor man whose - wife has been I unfaithful I and i who has left him \u25a0 a .family of little children to brlnsr up, that he must distribute his children around and may \u25a0 not ; bring - a ; new and • faithful - wife to comfort - him in his loneliness and to train them • in' the , right way, though I Christ : has left the door . open. . It • is : unfair : to the . poor, . un- conducted the services and with the Bishop of Dallas and the Bishop of Georgia expounded the ben efits to be derived from a course of tem perance. . \u25a0 _ . The Bishop of Kentucky was the first to speak. He was followed by the Bishop of Dallas,' the concluding address falling to the lot of the Bishfap of'Oeorgia, The Bishop of Georgia said in part: There is a large . responsibility, dear sisters, THE . Church Temperance So ciety convened last night at St. Luke's Church. Prayers and addresses by noted Bish ops made up the services. Bishop Dudley of Kentucky loyal to Christ, unfaithful to the prayer book. I call upon this convention to turn down such legislation. I call upon the gentlemen on the other side to brine out of the privacy of their breasts the reasons for turning against our greatest scholars? "Will they offer it on the ground that Dr. Fulton of Pennsylvania did the other day. that the clergy of this church are so cowardly that the sheep can't be al lowed the full stretch of pasture that Christ I ask you to bear in mind to use this safe guard. Keep your bodies in soberness, tem perance and chastity. You must begin with the women 'who are by nature the spiritual influence which should be exercised for the redemption of men. As to the heredity of drunkenness. The man who is himself a drunkard may depend upon It that, if he has sons and daughters, he will leave a dangerous heritage, and the son or daughter of such a man always fears alcohol as an agent of awful harm. The reason why stimulants seem to be necessary Is physical depletion. This provokes a. desire of stimu lant. Excess induces the habit. which no one can take off your ahouldsrs. It lies with the women whether son or brother or sweetheart goes to the dogs. The respon sibility is all the greater, that knowin* th* weakness of men you will not strive the more. Noted Bishops Urge Sobriety at a Meeting of the Church Tem perance Society. SAFEGUARD LIES WITH THE WOMEN THE. SAN FRANCISCO CALE; .TUESDAY, OCTOBER 15, 1901. MISSIONARY PRELATES ARE ELECTED TO SERVE IN FOUR VACANT DIOCESES 3 . ADVERTISEMENTS. To keep the skin clean is to wash the execretions from it off ; the skin takes care of itself inside, if not blocked outside. To wash it often and clean, without doing any sort of violence to it re- quires a most gentle soap, a soap with no free alkali in it , Pears',, the soap that , clears but not excoriates, j . ; Sold all over the -world. : For Stomach Disorders, Gout and Dyspepsia c^c DRINK Best NATURAL Alkaline Water. \u25a0 82O BROADWAY. N. T.