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VOLUME XC-NO. 175.
CHINESE EXCLUSION CONVENTION OPENS FIGHT IN DEFENSE OF AMERICAN LABOR PRESIDENT WILL URGE RE-ENACTMENT OF EXCLUSION LAW. D. C, Nov. 21, 1901. — Hon. James D. Phelan, San Francisco, Cal.; I have seen the President. I have the best authority for saying that he will not only recom mend in his message the re-enactment of the Geary law, but will go further and urge that it be made stronger. J, c. NEEDHAM. CHINESE QUESTION ONE OF" RACE TyTy E are the warders of the Golden Gate; we must stand y y here forever in the pathway of the Orient, and if there is any danger or trial it is for us to sound the alarm. I regard the Chinese question as a race question. I regard it as an international question; and above and over all, a question involving the preservation of our civilisation. The State of California, with its sezrn hundred miles of seaboard facing the Orient, is entitled to speak on this question for tlie people of the United States. — Excerpt from Mayor James D. Phelan' s ad dress at the Chinese Exclusion Convention. Leading Citizens Gather to Urge Re-enactment of the Geary Law. IT was a distinctly representative gathering of business, professional and laboring men that packed Metro politan Temple yesterday afternoon when Mayor Phelan called the Chi nese Exclusion Convention to order. Xearly every seat in the large auditorium •was taken, the lower floor being devoted to the use of the delegates from all parts of California, while the gallery was given up to the general public. All present seemed to be animated by one impulse, that of doing their utmost to secure the re-enactment of the Chinese exclusion act and thereby prevent the threatened In vasion of Mongol horclee to the peril and degradation of American labor. The gathering was of that character which lends weight to any public move ment and the conclusions of which are ac corded respectful consideration In legisla tive halls. The convention was not the outgrowth of political or partisan senti ment, but of the fear of the people of the State that the danger which menaces their advancement and prosperity might, unless strong measures were taken, be actually realized. In order that the peo ple of the East might understand how the communities on the "Western confines of the continent feel concerning the un restricted immigration of Chinese into their midst, the convention was decided upon, and it is needless to say that the memorial which is to be adopted to-day will prove to be an unanswerable argu ment to those of the East, who, without the slightest knowledge of the blight- Borne characteristics of the Chinese, have df-clared open sympathy for the coolie hordes which are only awaiting the ex piration of the exclusion act in May next SENATOR PERKINS WOULD CO FURTHER. /T is our people who pay the taxes that have built up our splendid institutions, and we should draw the line furtJter, only this is not the time nor occasion. I would permit no one to come into this country unless he felt as he approaches these shores as Moses did when he approached the burning bush — that he stood upon sacred ground; and the voice coming out of that bush from the American people is "Unless you love freedom, unless you believe in republican institutions, unless you believe in the free public schools, you cannot come into this country." — Excerpt from Senator Perkins' address before the Chinese Exclusion Convention. The San Francisco Call. In order that they may without molesta tion invade the United States. Convention Begins Crusade. Of the 3000 accredited delegates fr*m all parts of California fully 2500 were present at 2:15 o'clock when Mayor Phelan rapped for order. The hall presented a scene of animation, which the hearty enthusiasm of the delegates as well as spectators served to heighten. The hall was deco rated with the national colors, while over the platform was suspended a large sign bearing the words, "Chinese Exclusion Convention. For Country, Home and Civilization." Pinned to the lapels of the coats of the delegates were badges of white silk suitably inscribed. Side by side with the farmer sat representatives of State, national and county governments, all animated by the one great desire to protect American labor against the Orien tal competition which must inevitably fol low the refusal of Congress to re-enact the Chinese exclusion law. On the stage were Mayor Phelan, Mayor N. P. Snyder of Los Angeles, Senator George C. Per kins, Lieutenant Governor Jacob H. Neff, Congressman Frank Coombs, Rev. Wil liam Rader, Assistant United States Dis trict Attorney D. E. McKinlay, ex-Sena tor A. P. Williams, Congressman S. D. Woods, A. Sbarboro, president of the Manufacturers' and Producers' Associa tion; Supervisors J. P. Booth, L. J. Dwyer, Samuel Braunhart, Charles Box ton. Supervisor-Elect William Wynn, H. A. ilcCraney and others. The issues of the hour were presented by Mayor Phelan in a strong opening ad dress. He was received with warmth and his allusions to the determined stand taken by California on the Chinese ques SAN FRANCISCO, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 22, 1901. MAYOR JAMES D. PHELAN ADDRESSING THE DELEGATES TO THE BIG CHINESE EXCLUSION CONVENTION, WHICH HELD ITS INI TIAL SESSION YESTERDAY AF TERNOON I tion were loudly applauded. The people of this State, he said, had a right to speak" for the people of the entire union. He aroused enthusiasm by a vigorous denial of the story that the sentiment of the residents of California concerning Chinese immigration had changed. Were it pos sible that advantages might be gained by the peneral admission of Chinese into the United States the people of California and of the Pacific Coast would be the first to recognize and advocate them. The Mayor declared that the question was a national one and that the whole people should rise up against the danger of a Mongol inva sion. Geary Chosen as Chairman. The convention begin business without delay after the Mayor had finished his address. The matter of selecting a chairman was brought up, and Thomas J. Geary, author of the Chinese Exclusion Act, was placed in nomination amid a considerable display of enthusiams. The name of Mayor Snyder of Los Angeles was advanced for tho. honor, but that gentleman respectfully declined, and took occasion to second Geary's nomination Mayor Phelan was also placed in nomina tion, but declined the honor with thanks Geary was then chosen by acclamation, and when he advanced to the platform he was given a hearty ovation. In his speech of acceptance he referred to the anti- Chinese exclusion sentiment prevalent in the East, and expressed the conviction that the convention would do much to re move the erroneous impressions concern ing the Chinese which had been formed in the territory east of the Rocky Moun tains. His reference to the strong atti tude of President Roosevelt in the mat ter of the re-enactment was hailed with wild cheers, and cries of "Good bey. Teddy!" He held that the advancement of American comraerco was subsidiary to the advancement of tne welfare of Am erican labor. The fundamental princlp'e, he argued, should be recognized that without labor there could be no com merce. Temporary Organization Perfected. At the conclusion of Chairman Geary's address, the work of temporary organi zation was begun. The idea seemed to prevail among a portion of the conven tion that politics backed the exclusion movement, and when H. S. Mason was placed in nomination for temporary sec retary, Charles B. gchaeffer of Santa CHINATOWN'S REMOVAL IS ADVOCATED taxpayers of this j£ city will soon be called upon to vote millions of dollars for schools, hos pitals and other improvements. Gentlemen, there is no better ment that this city can pro cure which is more an urgent necessity than the removal of Chinatown to the southern end of San Francisco. — Excerpt from B. Sbarboro' s' address before the Chinese Exclusion Convention. Clara was nominated in opposition. In order to prevent an election which must have engendered feeling and cause an unnecessary waste of time, the election of both as secretaries was ageed to. A committee of five on credentials was then appointed after numerous motions were made and amendments offered. The committee '.on credentials retired and after some minutes retorted in favor of adopting the list of 3100 names in the hands of the secretaries. The report wa3 adopted unanimously. Senator Perkins was then introduced, and in a brief address he expressed his gratification at the patriotism displayed by all classes of citizens of California in the matter of the exclusion law. The failure of Congress to re-enact the law Continued on Page Two. FRANK L. COOMBS VOICES HIS PROTEST. A S I understand it, it is because we hare thought that there might prevail in the East some idea or suspicion that the people of this country zvere not united as they zvere ten years ago that we have called this convention. And it is your office nozv, echoing the voice, the sentiment and the majesty of the people of this State, to send in clarion tones to the capital of the nation your protest, as it zvas your protest of old, against the admission of Chinese further into the State of California and into the nation. — Excerpt from Congressman Frank L. Coombs' address be fore the Chinese Exclusion Convention. WILL REMOVE ERRONEOUS IDEAS r i HIS convention, meeting at this peculiar time, is to my J_ mind the most potent instrument that could have been chosen to manifest to the people of the East that the story that California has changed her mind upon the question of Asiatic immigration is at least erroneous, if not absolutely false. California, through this convention, will tell the people of the East that she is as loyal as she ever was to her laboring population, and as determined as ever to protect them against the cheap man from the East. — Excerpt from Chairman Thomas J. Geary's ad dress at the Chinese Exclusion Convention. Strong Addresses in Behalf of the Laboring People of the Coast. WHEN Mayor Phelan called the Chinese Exclusion Con vention to order yesterday afternoon every seat in the body of the hall and in the gallery was occupied by dele gates and spectators. After calling the convention to order Mayor Phelan delivered the following ad dress: Personnel of Convention. Fellow Citizens of the State of California: It 14 my honor as Mayor of this city, pursuant to & resolution of the Board of Supervisors, to call this convention to order. It is made up of our Senators and Representatives in Con gress, the officials of the State, the counties and cities of California, of the labor and trades organizations and of civic society. This is, in the Judgment of the Board of Supervis ors, called a representative body, a body which, when it speaks, will be listened to with consideration and respect. The State of California, with its seven hun dred miles of seaboard fronting tha Pacific, facing the Orient, is entitled to speak on this question for the people of the United States. (Applause.) We may speak, as it were, as experts. We have had a long familiarity with this question, and I contend that it is only those who are ignorant of its true meaning and significance who would hesitate to Indorse the position which California has always taken as a steadfast and patriotic opponent to the further immigration of Chinese coolies. It has been said in the East, where a propa ganda against the re-enactment of the exclu sion laws has been carried on, that the senti ment of the country has changed; that even in California, where, by the way, the Chinese population, due to the beneficent effect of ex clusion, has fallen from 76.000, acording to the census returns in the year IS9O. to about 46.000 in 1900, it has been said that on that account PRICE FIVE CENTS. and on account of the opening, as It were, of the Pacific by the victory of Dewey at Manila Bay (Applause) that the people of the State of California have also changed their views; in other words, that the proponents of Chi nese immigration have- taken advantage of the effect of the exclusion law and of the in terest that we all have in the opening of the i Pacific, to insidiously, with the assistance of the Imperial Minister of China at Washing ton, Minister Wu, and the Imperial Consul General at San Francisco, Mr. Ho Tow, impress upon the minds of our Congressmen and of our editors throughout the broad ex tent of country ea3t of the Mississippi that it would be diplomatic, that it would be la tho substantial interests of this country, and would be conducive to greater trade to let th« exclusion act, which has been In force for twenty years, die by legal expiration. When we in San Francisco observed that a system atic campaign was being made for the purpose of undoing all the work for which w» had straggled for twenty years, we deemed It nec essary to call this convention; and I am sure that none of you will resent the fact that 3*n Francisco, your commercial emporluci, ha* taken the leadership In this matter. Our Commercial Emporium. San Francisco is a commercial emporium. It is like all commercial cities, perhaps, when it comes to a matter of trade, unsentimental: and it must impress Itself upon the people of the East that if there is any advantage in .Chinese Immigration we would not oppose It. If it brought commerce to our warehouses and to our marts there would be a very considera ble element of our population thac would be active In the demand which every commer cial city makes for trade and more trade. (Applause.) Therefore, I say, when San Fran cisco takes a stand as it took twenty years Continued on Page Two.