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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, December 30, 1901, Image 2

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EUROPE WILL FOLLOW
THE LEAD OF GERMANY
Claims Against South American Republics to
Be Pressed in Accordance With Prece
dent Established in Venezuelan Affair
Special Dispatch to The Call.
CALL BUREAU, 1406 G STREET,
N. W.. WASHINGTON, Dec 29.—
Following a forcible collection by
Germany of claims held by her
subjects against Venezuela,
i ranee, Great Britain and perhaps other
countries probably will take similar ac
tion. Even war between Germany and
Venezuela is not considered, improbable.
\ precedent of the greatest importance
has been already established in the Ger
man-Venezuelan dispute and it will serve
as a basis for European collections of
claims in other countries of Central and
South America.
Intangible as the Monroe doctrine had
been before German representations had
developed the attitude of the United
States, there was no indisposition on the
part of the powers to go further than dip
lomatic representations, or even the,
severance of diplomatic relations, to ob
tain from American republics compensa
tion for injuries suffered by the persons
and property of their subjects. The oc
cupation of the Nicaraguan port of Cor
into by British marines and the action pf
Italy in compelling Colombia to satisfy
the "award of the President of the United
States in the matter of the Cerruti claims
have been referred to as precedents for
German procedure.
Stretching the Monroe Doctrine.
These incidents are not on a par with
the proposed action of Germany. The
seizure of Corinto grew out of indignities
suffered by the British Vice Consul at
Bluefieids and some twenty other British
subjects, residing in the Mosquito reser
vation, and the affairs in that reservation
were at the time a matter of negotiation
between the United States and Great Brit
ain, as well as between Nicaragua and
Great Britain.
The Italian demonstration in Colombian
waters was to obtain the payment of the
award of President Cleveland.
The Vnlted States has had no connection
whatever with the German claims. They
have developed as a result of injuries and
damages suffered by the persons and
property of German subjects and by the
default of Venezuela of its Interest on a
railroad loan granted her by German capi
talists.
Other nations have similar claims
against Venezuela and the'- and Germany
as well hold claims against other Central
and South American countries. So the in
tended action of Germany is of the high
est importance to the nations of the Xew
and Old World.
Other Nations Intend to Act.
Secretary Hay has had ample evidence
cf this fact. All of the representatives of
the great nations have made inquiries of
the Secretary as to the nurposes of the
Kaiser and of the policy of the United
States and the natural inference is that
their governments contemplate pursuing a
?olicy identical with tnat of Germany.
France holds heavy claims against Ven
ezuela. Great Britain also has large
claims. One of the questions over which
the authorities are pondering is: ''Will
France and Great Britain, immediately
after Germany obtains the money Ven
ezuela owes her subjects, inform the
Caracas Government that they want their
claims paid and that they will use force
if the money be not immediately forth
coming?"
Fortunately for the g'ood relations which
exist between the United States and Ger
many, the latter Government has made no
concealment of its plans. In view of Ger
many's purpose not to acquire Venezuelan
territory, it is said thnt the United States,
by virtue of its own declaration, can have
OHIO FACTIONAL
FIGHT SPREADING
Involves All Elements
of the Republican
Party.
CINCINNATI. Dec. 29.— The contest at
Columbus this week between the follow
ers cf Senator Foraker and Senator Han
na over the organization of the Legisla
ture has extended to factional' circles
elsewhere in the State. While the mem
bers of the Legislature and candidates
are fighting in Columbus, the principals
are kept Lusy at long-distance telephones
— notablv Senator Foraker and George B.
Cox, in Cincinnati; Senator Hanna, in
"Washington; Congressman Dick, chair
man of the State executive committee,
and other Republican leaders.
Senator Fcraker is being visited here by
many leaders and members of the Legis
ture. To-day he made the following state
ment:
•Tha story published from New York
that 1 spoke to the President in a derog
atory manner of Senator Hanna and that
thu President communicated the same to
Senator Hanna. and told him to be on his
guard lest he have trouble to maintain
Bis leadership in Ohio uolitics, is an un
qualified falsehood from beginning to end.
I never had any such talk with the Presi
dent, and it is not creditable to him to
suppose that he would have told it to
Senator Hanna if I had. This story is but
a s;ample of many others appearing in
the newspapers and being peddled about
from mouth to mouth lor mischievous
purposes." »
kftoet of the Republican members this
year are serving their ftrst term, and, ac
cording to precedent, they are expected
to be members of the next Legislature
which trin select Senator Hanr.a's suc
cessor two years hence. While there is
DO opposition to the re-election at Sena
tor Foraker two weeks hence, it is as
serted that there Is an organized move
ment to defeat Senator Hanna In 1904.
As the presiding officers in tho appoint
ment of the committees and other func
tions have great influence the friends of
both Senators are socking to control those
positions as well as all other offices, in
cluding the clerkship?, sergeant at arms,
etc.
The Hanna men aclmit that there is "a
conspiracy to retire Hanna." In former
years there Were contents between the
Sherman and the Foraker factions and
later between the McKInlcy and the For
aker factions, but none of the former
factional fights approached the present
contest in general interest. There will be
separate Foraker and Hanna tickets, sub
ject to the Senate ami House caucuses of
the Republican member?, at 4 o'clock next
Saturday afternoon. Charles L. Kurtz,
formerly secretary to Senator Foraker as
Governor and later chairman of the State
committee, leads the anti-Hanna forces,
and John P. Malloy, the present secretary
of the State committee and State Oil In
spector under Governor Nash, leads the
Hanna forces. Both sides claim "a sure
thing" and these claims and counter
claims are expected to continue during
the week.
The Democratic minority presents a
scene of harmony. Colonel James Kil
bourne, recently the Democratic candi
date for Governor, yesterday notified the
members from his county not to present
his name to the Democratic joint caucus
for their nomination for United States
Senator. This leaves Charles W. Baker
of Cincinnati without opposition for the
Democratic Senatorial nomination.
Peavey Will Recover.
CHICAGO, Dec. 29.— Frank H. Peavey,
the Minneapolis elevator man, who has
been critically ill here for several days
with pneumonia, is much improved. The
turn for the better came this morning and
to-night the physicians have confidence
in his recovery.
Names Veterinary Inspectors.
OTTAWA, Ontario, Dec. 29.— The Do
minion Government has appointed Veter
inary Inspectors for shipping ports be
tween the United States* and Canada un
der a recent agreement . between the
two coantrUs
nothing to say about the German method
of procedure. *
It is believed in diplomatic circles here
that the visit of the Minister of Germany
to the warship Vineta at La Guayra yes
terday was for the purpose of consulting
with the naval commander as to the steps
to be taken to collect the money necessary
to satisfy the claims.
ItEFTTBIrlCS EAGER FOB, WAR
Little Hope of Peace Between Argen
tina and Chile.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 29.— As a result
of the withdrawal by Argentina of her
assent to the protocol signed by her Min
ister to Chile war between the two South
American republics is considered inevit- 1
able. Senor Infanta, the Chilean Charge
d' Affaires, received a dispatch to-day
from his Government announcing that
there had been no formal withdrawal by
Argentina from the protocol. The Ar
gentine Minister had verbally requested
that hei be permitted to withdraw his sig
nature.' Chile has apparently not given
her consent to this request, but whether
she does or not Argentina will undoubt
edly refuse to observe the provisions of
the protocol. While anxious for peace it
is said Chile feels that she has sroneas
lar as her honor permits, and it is hoped
that the good sense of the Argentine peo
fcle will cause them to respect the agree
ment which their Government accepted.
Argentina has made no communication
to Minister Garcia Merou respecting her
action in refusing- to give ratification to
the protocol signed by her representa
tive. The situation in Argentina is lik
ened to that which existed in the United
States before the war with Spain, when
the President was. forced to obey the war
sentiment of the people. Argentina feels
that some day she will have war with
Chile and she desires to have it now,
when she is strong and feels that she
will be able to conquer her foe.
MEWBOZA STOW A FUGITIVE.
Venezuelan Revolutionist Is Fleeing
to the Mountains.
CARACAS. Dec. 29. — General Luciano
Mendoza, President-elect of the State of
Carabobo, who rebelled against President
Castco, marched on La Victoria and was
said to have been defeated, and who "was
later reported ' to have escaped to the
neighborhood of San Juan de las Moros,
is now said to have reached Villa de Cura,
in the State of Miranda, where he was
routed by the Government troops.
In company with a small number of fol
lowers he escaped and reached La Puerto,
■where he was again overtaken and de
feated. Accompanied by only forty men,
General Mendoza passed Ortiz, in the
State of Guarico, on December 24. He
was proceeding in the direction of the
mountains, considered to be almost inac
cessible.
Colombian Troops Go to Front.
COLON, Colombia, Dec. 29.— The Colom
bian gunboat Boyaca left Panama early
this morning, carrying troops to re-en
force General Castro in the interior. The
Colombian gunboat General Pinzon is ex
pected here shortly with 500 men from
Barranquilla. She will return immedi
ately to bring more men from that port.
General Carlos Alban is confident that the
Colombian Government is able to defeat
the revolutionists, notwithstanding the
help he alleges they have received from
Salvador.
ROYAL WELCOME
FOR THE COURT
Chinese Emperor Will
Receive Do-wager
Empress.!
PEKING, Dec. 29.— A party of Manchu
Princes, including Prince Su, collector of
taxes on goods entering Peking, started
en Saturday to meet the Chinese court.
Prince Su Intends to prove his claim to
be sent as an envoy to Great Britain
upon the occasion cf the coronation of
King Edward.
The Dowager Empress is making vig
orous efforts to assert herself before the
Chinese populace, with a view of renew
ing the prestige lost by her during the
lat,t few years.
The programme for the court's return
to Peking provides that the Emperor
shall precede the Dowager Empress to
this city in order that he may be enabled
to meet the Dowager Empress with great
honors at the station when she arrives
The Ministers of the foreign powers in
Poking have agreed that when the Chi
nese court returns here if they are mere
ly Invited tr» dirve with the Tsung li
Vamen as heretofore, Instead of with the
Chinese Emperor In the palace, as was
recently stipulated, they will refuse the
invitation.
a wo thousand additional Chinese
troops entered Peking last Friday. The
Austrians have planted two large guns
upon the fortifications surrounding their
jegaticn. The oiher foreign legations
Keep their guns concealed
Although the British are supplied with
artillery and the Germans can occasion
al^ be seen drilling on their glacis with
fi?lo and rapJd-fire guns, the Americans
who hold the crucial position at the
Cham-Men gate, arc not supplied with
artillery. With (he approval of Ameri
can Mmistf r Conger Major Robertson of
the Ninth Infantry, commanding tha lf
gc.tion guard, applied to the War Depart
ment for two guns. This application w'as
refused, because when the department
consulted with 2Ir. Rockhill, special
<:f.mmis«Ior.er of the United States here
the latter replied that artillery was not
needed and that its presence would be
harmful.
At Newctang the Russians have se
cured control of the telegraph < cables
This aet'on on the part of Rupsia. "ia
causing Oieptites between the country
and tho foreign Consuls at Newchang.
Colored Citizens Celebrate.
Colored citizens cf the city met last
evening in larse number at the A. M.
E. Zion Church, Stockton street, to cele
brate with prayer and song the thirtv
elgiith anniversary of the "emancipation
proclamation."
Those on the list of speakers were Colo
nel Henry Weinstock, Rev. G. W. Younsr
John L. Derrik and the Rev. T. Brown'
the pastor of Zion Church.
In speaking of the progress of the race
from an intellectual, financial and relig
ious point of view the Rev. Mr. Brown re
minded his hearers that the negroes at
the time of emancipation were, as a mass
entirely ignorant of the great principles
of culture, refinement and the funda
mental rules of arithmetic, but to-dav
they had fifty colleges, their schools of
learning dotting the whole of the 1 South,
which was great encouragement to the
friends of the race, who were now realiz
ing that, though at great cost, their ef
forts had not been in vain. He submitted
that 180,000 colored men eagerly engaged
on the battlefield alongside their white
brothers made the Declaration of Inde
pendence by Thomas Jefferson a livint
fact. He paid tribute to Booker Washing
ton, Professors Cornicel, Bowen, WrlehT
Suggs, Scarborough, Goler and other rol
ored men identified with educational work
and mercantile progress.
Will "Blake an American Tour.
NEW YORK, Dec. 29.— Madame Lillian
Blauvelt. the concert singer, arrived to
day from Europe on the St. Paul, she
will open her American tour at Carnegie
Hall January 9, and then for two months
will sing In the principal cities of the
country, going west as far as Denver.
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL. MONDAY, DECEMBER 30, 1901.
MILLIONAIRE SEEKING
ELECTION TO CONGRESS
NEW YORK MILLIONAIRE WHO HAS WON IN AN EXCITING CON
TEST AGAINST "BOSS" RICHARD CROKER FOR THE CONGRES
SIONAL NOMINATION IN THE SEVENTH DISTRICT.
MURDER MYSTERY
SLOWLY CLEARS
Salt Lake Police Find
Pistol Where Hay
Was Slain.
SALT LAKE, Dec. 29.^-With the finding
of a 38-caliber revolver not far from the
scene of the crime, the police of this city
hstve in their possession what is believed
to be the last element necessary to clear
up the mystery of James R. Hay's mur
der on the night of December 16. The
Weapon was found burled in the mud near
the coiner of Thirteenth Southland State
streets and has been traced by 'the police
to the second-hand store where it. was
bought a short time before the murder
by a man answering the description of
Peter Mortensen, the contractor, who is
being held on the charge of having com
mitted the crime.
To-day the owner of the second-hand
store was taken to the County Jail for
the purpose of Identifying the man to
whom he sold the pistol. Out of a dozen
prisoners who were lined up he indicated
Mortensen, but said that he would not
care to swear positively to that effect, it
being fully three weeks since the sale
was made. I
Hay had been missing for two days be
fore his body was found buried in a
trench in a suburb of this city, and Jt
was reported that he had absconded with
$3800 in gold which was alleged to have
been paid to him as secretary of the Pa
cific Lumber Company by Peter Morten
sen, a contractor. Telegrams were sent
to the police of various cities asking them
to watch for Hay. The finding of the
body with a bullet in the brain created a
sensation in this city. Hay being a prom
inent and well known young man. The
whole affair was surrounded with mya
tery, but suspicion finally centered about
Mortensen, the body being found not far
from his residence, and he was placed un
der arrest.
Nothing has ever been found of the
missing 53800.
TAGALS COMMIT
FIENDISH CRIMES
Visit Awful Vengeance
Upon Natives Who
Aid Americans.
WASHINGTON, Dec, 29.— Many Filipi
nos who accept service under American
rule are visited with awful vengeance by
their fellow countrymen. The' records of
a case have been received at the War De
partment in which three native* policemen,
who had been sent from Laoag to San
Nicholas, Ilocos Norte, for duty at the
latter point, were seized and bound by-an
armed band of Filipino outlaws, taken be
fore a priest to be confessed and then
flung alive into a well, after having been
hacked with bolo?. Their assailants then
iilled up the well with loose earth.
One of the band, Wenceslao Rosales,
who was brought to trial, was sentenced
to be hanged. Another native policeman
met his death at the hands of an outlaw
band rn the Barrio of Sati Antonia, La
Guna i>rovincc.
The outlaws were lying in ambush
a waitings the passing of a patrol of three
'policemen, and upon their approach the
waiting Filipinos sprang out and^apturett
one of the three. A few days later his
body was found in -a neighboring river,
weighted with heavy rocks and showing
wounds through his heart and in his neck.
Two of the members of the outlaw band,
■who v/ere captured, were sentenced by a
military commission to be hangeij.
Two Filipinos who took part in the mur
der of an unknown native accused of be
ing an American spy, beheading the body
and burying ft in the city of Manila, were
sentenced to be hanged.
Another outlaw band seized a native
man and woman -for no apparent*motive
and killed them by striking them with
clubs on the back of their necks. Mariano
Zalcs. 0, native member of the bandj when
brought to trial gave the following ex
planation: .
"They were relatives of mlne^ — an uncle
and an aunt— and I had to do It to save my
life."
The military commission which tried him
found him guilty of murder, but the sen
tence was confinement at hard labor for
twenty years. -'■•';
Faro Dealer Takes Two Lives.
SHAWNEE, Okla., Dec, 29.— Charle3
McKnight, a faro dealer, shot and killed
William Sims, a saloon-keeper, and a boy
named Hepstedter in a gambling room
here to-day. McKnight and Sims had
quarrelled. To-flay Sims went to the gam
bling joint and threatened to kill Mc-
Knight. McKnight drew a revolver and
killed Hepstedter, a bystander, after
which he killed Sims. -
Skeleton ,in Steeple Identified
.BIRMINGHAM, A^.,- Dec. 29.— The
skeleton found in the- steeple of a negro
church near Eastlake was that of Win*
ton White, a negro, who is said- to have
shot a man several years ago and was
afterward a fugitive front justice, a negro
woman, representing herself as Bettie
Healey. once the wife of Whfte, says the
remains were undoubtedly those of her
husband.
TRAINS COLLIDE
AT OPEN SWITCH
Pour People Are Killed
and Eighteen Badly
\ Injured.
CHICAGO, Dec. 29.— Four persona were
killed and twenty-nine injured, several of
them possibly fatally, in a collision on
the Chicago and Northwestern Railroad
to-day at Malta, 111., sixty miles west of
Chicago. The trains In collision were
"the Omaha flyer," an eastbound passen
ger train, and an eastbound freight train.
The wreck caught lire and two passenger
coaches, one sleeping car and eight
freight cars were burned and another
sleeping car was partly burned.
The uead;
GEOKUE RUDIO, Western agent Kirk
Soap Company, residence 137 North Thir
ty-second avenue, Omaha.
MRS. GEORGE W. RUDIO, Omaha.
D. O. NICHOLS, Council Bluffa, Iowa.
E. B. DUNCAN, sleeping car porter,
Chicago.
The injured: Bert Carr, Willett.'N. Y.,
badly cut and .bruised; Fred Dunham,
Chicago; George \V. Fox, Boulder, Colo.;
H. D. Gray, Evanston, 111.; Edward
Hinckley, Surprise, Nebr.; Mrs. J. L.
Kail, Chicago; Clarence Lauzer, Chicago;
W. A. Sweeny, . Larchf ord, Iowa; Marion
Wilkes, Fremont, Nebr.; Mrs. Eva Hall,
Chicago; Lincoln Taft, Chicago; Veronica
Rorrmoser, Millard, Nebr.; *'. Larrabee,
passenger engineer, leg fractured; F, P.
Corran, fireman; F, W. Aiken, yardmas
ter; P. D. O'Neill, special agent -North
western Railroad; John \V. "Wilson,
civil engineer, Northwestern Railroad;
R. W. Dawes, Pullman conductor;
John Schoentgren, Councils. Bluffs, Iowa,
race and hanas badly cut and bruised
about body; H. L. Miller, brakeman,
ankle fractured and body bruised; L. B.
Jameson and wife, Platt, Neb.; C. E.
Fifer, Racine, Wis., face and body bad
ly cut by falling glass; Miss Mamie EI
llngwood, Omaha, badly bruised; A, E.
Jewel, Buffalo, N. Y., hands and face
badly lacerated by falling glass; J. W.
Woodruff, Chicago, internal injuries; W.
HIckman, sleeping car porter, face
burned; J. M. Wilson, Boone, Iowa,
hands cut; Dr. J. W. Anderson, Cripple
Creek, Colo., burned; F. W. RIseley, Chi
cago.
George W. Rudio, in the rear Pullman,
from Omaha, with his wife, was fearful
ly, burned by steafrn, and in spite of all
medical aid died half an hour after in
great agony. Mrs. Rudio, who' was
brought to Chicago on the relief train,
was 30 badly burned that she died a few
minutes after her arrival at St. Luke's
Hospital. 1
An hour before the arrival of the train
B. O. Niehols of Council Bluffs, Ohio,
succumbed to his injuries. Mr. Nichols
was coming to Chicago to be married on
New Year s day to Allss Grace Stewart
of Council Bluffs. Iowa. Nichols tele
graphed for his sweetheart to come to
nim, but he died a few minutes after the
message had been sent, v
The injured passengers were attended
immediately by surgeons from De Kalb
and Rochelle and later were removed to
St. Luke's Hospital in Chicago by special
train.
The freight train had taken a siding
at Malta, but the train was longer than
the switch and the freight locomotive
protruded upon the main track beyond
the sidetrack. The incoming passenger
train from the West was not stopped un
til the two locomotives "cornered" at th<
switch, the passenger engine being
thrown into the ditch and several coacfte3
were piled upon the wreck. The cars
caught fire from the locomotives.
A statement gK'cn out try railroad offi
cials explains that the switch at the east
end of the siding was open through mis
take and that tin? responsibility lies with'
some member of the crew of the freight
train.. The statement places the com
pany's proper tv loss at about $30,000.
Engineer Larrlbce of the passenger
train sold to-nlKht that he found it im
possible to chock his train till It was too
late. He stuck to his engine., although he
could have jumped before the 'collision oc
curred.
John Schoentgen of Council Bluffs, one
of the injured, speaking of the accident
said:
I was aslp<ro in my berth whan tho crash
cSnftp awl n moment, later found myseU under
neath a pl!f> of wreckage on the traeft. I was
in my nisht vlothes. -After groat difficulty I
found a way i*ut and crawled <5n a pnovr bank.
The car caught fire, but I ha/1 time to crawl
back to v.'here I saw raj 1 valise iylnjr and
got it.
The inhabitants of the village turned out at
OTit?e and beijan t^f work of rescue', haulin?
passengers, mit of the wreckage arid fighting
the fire, which spread rapidly all over the
tiilffd irii tracks.
Tire railroad officials will hold an inves
tigation to-morrow in an effort to find
ott who was responsible for the accident
INDIANAPOLIS. Dec. 29.— Ben A. Nich
ols of Council ' Bluffs, ■ Iowa, who was
killed in the wreck, was manager of the
Cotmcfl Bluffs electric light plant and
Was a son of Edwin Nfchols, a commis
sion merchant at the Indianapolis Union
Stockyards. He was engaged to be mar
ried to Misa Elizabeth Stuart of Council
Bluffs, Iowa.
UIG LANDSLIDE CATTSES
BAD WRECK IN VIRGINIA
Four Tl'ainhands Lose Their Liv«3
and Several Passengers Are
Injured.
LYNCHBURG. Va., Dec. 29.— A land-
slide <5n the Chesapeake and Ohio Rail
road near Reusen station, five miles
south of Lyfichburg, on the James River
branch, to-day caused a wreck in which
several trainhands of . a passenger train
were killed and several other persons in
jured. The slide was caused by washouts >
due to the heavy rains.
The dead:
CONDUCTOR C. WHITTAKER.
ENGINEER GEORGE FISHER:
BAGGAG^MASTER THOMPSON.
EXPRESS MESSENGR SHANNON.
Several : passengers from the scene of
the wreck say that probably one or two
CHAFFEE IN HARMONY
WITH CIVIC OFFICIALS
Rumors of a Clash of Authority Are Denied,
and It Is Declared That Pacification
of the Philippines Is Almost Complete
*r« it* ANIL.A, Dec. 29.— General Chaf
fl\\/\\ .^ ee> when questioned to-day
II W \| concerning the alleged friction
A V 1L between the civil and military
1 authorities in the Philippines,
declared ,that perfect harmony pre
vailed.. General ChafTee said that the
Dfily occasion when thefe had been any
thing approaching friction was in the
matter of habeas corpus proceedings in
the case of Oakley Brooks, and that on
this occasion a solution of the difficulty
satisfactory to both authorities had beeh
found. General Chaffee said that he and
the member's of the commission had at
times , differed in their views, £ but that
these differences were of purely personal
opinion. His relations with Governor
Taf t and Acting Governor Wright dnd
the other Conimissiohe'rs were,' officially
and socially, extremely pleasant and he
believed the published statement of fric
tion between the civil . and military ajir
thfcrities here must hafe resulted from. a
misunderstanding of the facts. ■
General Chaffee further explained that
every time the slightest f rldtion had
arisen in •' the province between the two
authorities he had invariably ordered the
military to surrender to. the civilanthori
ties. General Chaffee concluded by say
ing he thought the prospect of subduing
the insurrection in all places to be prom
ising.,
Wright Confirms Chaffee.
When Acting Governor Wright was
questioned in this same matter, he said:
"Where men of sense are at the head
eft affairs there is not likely to be much
cause ft>r alarm or friction." ' .
Governor Wright has great admiration
for General Chaffee, whom he considers
to be a man of sound common sense. He
said that although he and General Chaf
fee frequently differed radically upon va
rious subjects still the most amicable re
lations were maintained under all circum
stances.
Referring to the work accetriplished by
FAVORS POLICY
OF EXPANSION
Dr. Vosberg Says Ger
many Needs Colonial
Territory.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 29.— The State
Department has received from United
States Consular Agent Harris at Elben
etock an Interesting report on the sub
ject of German colonial enterprises. Con
sul Harri3 quotes from a speech deliv
ered by Dr. Vosberg-Rekow, Director of
the German Bureau for the Preparation
of Commercial Treaties, before tha mer
chants of Leipzig aa follows:
It is evident that we can never give up
our -present policy relative to foreign affairs
or the strenui us efforts being made to t>ecoma
a great sea power. We must engage in colon-'
lal politics on a large scale. We must strive
to expand our spheres of interest and to instill
in our people the consciousness of the neces
sity oC an aggressive policy. It 13 only by
the annexation of territory beyond the States,
the development of our coionie3 ami' tho organ
ization of immigration to the same, that we
may ever hope to be in a position to supply,
those natural products which we are not able
to I produce within the borders of the home
country.
; Harris points out that while the terri
tory comprised in all of. the German col
onies abroad amounts to 2,557,000 square
miles, with a white population- oJ -6008
"(only a little more than half being Ger
man); not a. single one of these colonies
is self-supporting. The total income of
the colonies for lwO from tariff duties and
the like amounts to $8,226,470, while the
deficit, it Is- stated, reached $6,977,922.
The ideal relations between a colony
and ' a mother country, says Harris, are
those which permit tho colony to produce
the raw material which the mother coun
try receives and pays back In a manu
factured state, but, in accordance with
the irresistible law Of economics, a col
ony with great material resources will
emancipate itself gradually from the
mother country. "It is doubtful, how
ever," continues Harris,- "whether this
will shortly be true of any of the present
colonies Of Germany."
In almost every part of the world. It is
Stated, where Germany's acquisitions are
Bituated, there is in the immediate neigh
borhood a colony of Great Britain or
some other country which is better able
to produce colonial products. "Great
Britain," says Harris, "either directly or
through the medium of her colonies has
a monopoly of almost half the commerce 1
of the German dependencies." .
The commercial development of German
Southwest Africa, Harris states, "will one
day probably be retarded by the competi
tion and aggressiveness of Cape Colony."
Tables are submitted showing that Ger
many's share in the exports of her own
colonies is only 50 per cent, while of all
the products required by her dependencies
the mother country supplies only about
60 j>«r cent.
passengers are buried under the debris
caused by the slide, but no names can be
ascertained of any passengers known to
he missing. The train to which the mis
hap occurred was known as No. 7. It
left Lyncu«/urg behind schedule time, and
consisted of an engine, tender, baggage
car and one passenger car which was
practically well filled with travelers.
It lrt stated that the train had run Into
a landslide without damage and that the
trainmen and some of the passengers had
stteceedgd In pushing the passenger car
back from under the cliff. They were
trying to do the same thing for the bag
gage car when a second heavy slide came
down. The car was overturned and
Thompson, Fisher and Shannon were
crushed. Conductor Whittaker was
knocked Into the river and drowned. His
body has not been recovered. A shout of
warning as the second slide came en
abled most of those who were In danger*
to escape without Injury. AH the killed
wbre resident* of Richmond.
Two Freight Wrecks.
OPBLIKA, Ala., Dec. 29.— Two freight
wrecks occurred on the Western Railway
of Alabama last night within thtrty miles
Of each other on account of the heavy
rains which flooded the tracks, causing
two embankments to give way. One man
was killed, three injured and the property
loss i.T heavy. D*>ad:
THOMAS RUSSELL, engineer.
Injured: Cy Lee, negro fireman; B. W.
Jackson, engineer, and negro fireman,
name unknown.
Streetcar Meets Disaster.
BIRMINGHAM, Ala.,' Dec. 29.— A street
car collided with a number of freight cars
attached to. a switch engine here to-day
and one man was killed and two others
injured. The dead:
E. W. JONES, conductor on streetcar.
The injured: Ed Green, negro brakeman.
both legs broken and head crushed, and
H. M. Leatt* Woodlawn, bruised on legs.
The car, it is said, was going, at a rapid
rate of speed. The engine was pushing
the freight cars ahead of it and the first
two cars were thrown from the track and
Conductor Jones was killed beneath one
of them.
HIGHEST RANKING KNIGHT
OF PYTHIAS PASSES AWAY
Dr. John Bell of Michigan Answers I
the Final Summons From the j
Bayond. j
BENTON HAR*B0R, Mich., Dec. 29:—!
Dr. Johff Bell, the hfghest ranking
Knight of Pythias. in the world and orrs
of the best known physicians in South
western Michigan, died here to-day. He
was elected major general of the Uniform I
Rank. .Knights of Pythias, of tho world'
in 1S0S- ' ;
the United States Philippine Commission
during the last year. Governor Wright
Sa "Out of darkness has come light and
immense and wondrous strides have taken
place. A year ago everything outside of
Manila was practically chaos: now, out
side of the few provinces where the insur
rection still exists, everything is in a most
flourishing condition. In the 300 miles
from Manila north to Aparri not a hos
tile shot has been fired In many months,
while houses have been built and are still
building and crops have been planted.
These same conditions apply to the larger
part of Southern Luzon."
Governor Wright said he was satisfied
that the majority of the Filipinos recog
nized and appreciated what had been done
and that their leaders were doing all in
their power to bring the remaining insur
gents to a peaceful View of the situa
tion. - . ■
Concluding, Governor Wright said the
natives inhabiting the Island of Samar
had during all their history been an un
manageable race, and he was not sur
prised, at their present hostility.
Insurgent Force Surrenders. „
Major Henry Allen, formerly Governor
of -the island Of Leyte, and ■who was cho
sen chief of the insular constabulary, has
left Manila for a tour through the islands
of Leyte and Mindanao. He will report
td the commission on the conditions ex
isting there and particularly in the prov
ince of Misarnis, -which the military au
thorities ..have, asked to have returned
from the civil back to their own control.
Five insurgent officers and 175 men, with
six cannon, fifty-one rifles and seventeen
shotguns, surrendered yesterday to the
American authorities on the island of
Cebu. It is now believed this island is
pacified.
The change in the ratio of exchange on
the Mexican dollar to $2 10 Mexican silver
for one American gold dollar, which -was
announced on December 26, is causing
much dissatisfaction here. It is unsettling
what were considered to have been fixed
prices.
HEAD OF MANILA
FIRE DEPARTMENT
Roosevelt Tenders Place
to a Former Chief of
New York City.
NEW YORK, Dec. 23.— From a. rellablft
source comes the information that ex>
Fire Chief Hugh J. Bonner is considering
a proposition made by President Roosevelt
and the War Department to reorganize on
New York lines the fire department in Ma
nila. It is said that- such was Bonner*a
business in Washington during the week
just ended. Bonner, when, seen to-day,
practically admitted that such a plan is in
contemplation.
The tender of the appointment to Bonner
was made in consequence of a. cablegram
from the Philippine Commission, to Colo
nel Edwards, chief of the Insular Bureau
of the War Department, asking that the
best available man for the head of the
Manila fire department be recommended
to them. The cablegram said that a
strictly flrst-class man to organize the de
partment was wanted. After some inqui
ries Hugh J. Bonner was decided upon as
in every respect the best selection that
could be made. He came to Washington
-not quite a week ago, went over the situ
ation and when he left was given about
a week to think over the matter of his ac
ceptance of the. post, he not being pre
pared to give an immediate answer.
It is believed that he will probably ac
cept. A law was passed some time ago
creating the fire department. The original
chief of it Is no longer, in the service and
it was decided to secure a man of experi
ence and ability. The place will pay from
$3000 to $3500 a year.
SERVICE PAPERS
SUPPORT MILES
Army and Navy Journals
Say Root Exceeded
1 Authority.
Special Dispatch to The Can.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 29.— Both the ser
vice papers, the Army and Navy Regis
ter and the Army and Navy Journal, In
their issue comment adversely on the
reprimand administered by Secretary
Root to Lieutenant General Miles. The
Journal says:
According to the army regulations, a repri
mand such as was administered to the lien
tenant general can only be administered on the
verdict of & court-martial. Even a non-com
missioned officer is under the protection of tho
regulations, which direct of&cers to b© cautious
in reproving htm fn the presence or hearing of
private soldiers. 13 it not incumbent that at
least equal consideration should be shown to tha
officer commanding?
The Register says:
Tho impression prevails that the tone of the
Root letter la unnecessarily severe — all out of
proportion to the offense. There are even those
who think the language employd is brutal and
that the publicity given the correspondence was
a cruel advertisement of the President's dis
pleasure.
STABBED SIX TIMES HE
LEAjVES THE HOSPITAL
Police Investigate a Serious Cutting
Affray That Occurred on Iiower
Clay Street.
The police are investigating a. cutting
scrape that occurred In a lodging bouse at
53 Clay street last evening. The victim of
the affray, Albert Ryder, who waa stabbed
six times in various parts of the body,
forced his way out of the Harbor Hospi
tal, where tie had been taken for treat
ment, after refusing to give any of the de
tails of the affair. The police, however
say that they have discovered that his as
sailant was Jack Watson, but they have
thus far failed to apprehend tho latter
From what can be learned, both men
were stevedores and at the time of the
strike Watson occupied a room in Ry
. der's house at 1103 Sacramento street. The
: labor troubles ruffled the tranquillity of
: the Ryder household and Watson moved
i to the Clay-street lodging-house where
'the cutting happened last night.' Ryder
was stabbed six times, and his wounds
: w-hich are considered serious, were treat crl
by\Dr. Miller at the Harbor Hospital
After the treatment was complete the in
jured man refused to remain and made hi*
way into the street. The hospital people
; had no authority to detain him ancT he left
: without giving them much information
Christmas Tree Starts Blaze.
CHICAGO, Dec. 29.-A Christmas tree
loaded with Inflammable ornaments and
candles caused a fire to-night that de
stroyed the Alexander apartment build"
ing, a six-story structure. Corner of
Bowen and Cottage Grove avenneV t^
loss will exceed $100,000. ave naes. Trie
3. Pierpont Morgan was for sevcrni
years a student at the University of Go? ■
tingein, and there won distinction \*Ca Z I
mat a ician PriZe f ° r ««««»« ""iSth^ |
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