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UNITED STATES KEEPS ITS PROMISE
AND THE CUBANS HAVE A REPUBLIC VOLUME XCI— NO. 172. SAN - : FRAKCISCO;cKVVEp^SD^^ ? ;?fi^?; 2i^iifl>Q2^ PRICE FIVE CENTS. ' Continued on Page Three. OAKLAND,^ May 20.— Earthquakes are reported to-day f rom k Berkeley and Point Richmond. ,; The : disturbance at 1 Berkeley occurred this morning at :' 10:20 : o'clock, with no accompanying damage. /The one' at Point;. Richmond -/occurred at 10:45 to night, but did- no damage. ' Earthquakes Reported: deties. fraternal clubs, officers of various civil divisions of the city, and business organizations, had an air of real grand eur. The - scaffolding was covered with canvas painted in Imitation of marble and from a distance the illusion was com plete. ; Bunting, spread on Venetian* masts canopied the deep, narrow streets from the rays ' of ' the sun. Beneath the can opies the Cuban colors and palms graced the . open doorways, through which Continned on Page T\?o. W AVANA « - Ma y. 20!-^The : na ¦/ W '" ff " ta1 day :o£, the republic of ' S 0 ' < -' ul3a * * ound Havana, ar \B^' ul 'm* : '' ay ? d like a Queen; to await ' : "~"'/y^^"V.-' tne J coming of her Lord. The Vdecoratlon3 were uni versal; Men had. worked all night by the light 'of' torches t t6_ complete .elaboi^ite de signs.^ There was not' a, residence,. preten tious'"or, humble,' that'dld' not", beaf.'upoh Its! quaint ; facade v some.-^emblem. In. : honor of "the "event.^The ; many -arches erected at the entrances" of •piazas'by political so/- Thrilling Scenes Attend the Transfer of the Island to Brave People. ¦ CHIEF EXECUTIVES OF THE UNITED STATES AND CUBA, MILITARY^ ; COMMANbERS WHO .WITHDREW. AND THE SCENE OF THE "CERE . 'MONIES TRANSFERRING ' GOVERNMENT OF THE ISLAND. Hitt stated that theTesolution had rbeen suggested by ; Sulzer' of ; New, York * but- he bad; no ddubttall ;parties*f would f join': in favorof its adoption. y ; :• ; : . • ¦¦¦' : :\ ,'¦ -y .(The resolution- was unanimously "adopt-" edl -/ V '^V-7 ; ; - : '' : - : '/'. :'y--\-v:: ' : :J:^../. :X: ; "To ; continue', the , present postal : ;'reguia- '¦ tions '/.between^^Ciiba. v/jand'-j this ."ciountry/ President '•' Palma : [ of Cuba 3 and 'j Pf egldent< Roosevelt . to-day .'issued '--prdclaxnatidn's',' both of which ."were'promuigafed'frbm^this city..! in accordance; with] an understanding reached-; between • them - t some'iweek's \ agO>' President ? Roosevelt's? order; follows : - T '.'/¦) "Resolved, : By/ the House; of . Represent-^ allves. That this House. /views. ; wlt.hi satis faction' "and expresses f congratulation "Vat the appearance ' this .day" of | the Cuban re-' public among the nations /of th'e^wofld:" '' I The ; reading of : thie .; resolution' was".'¦'.re ceived /with ; from^all ; over> the charnber, the ¦ galleries joining 'in: 'thV handclapplng. ¦¦;••• ¦.•••¦•¦;>¦•¦-..••• •.-.-. ¦ : W.'i"W" V .^ASHrNGlON,-,May i :2o!-- > ? M ' -,'JH '. y^ ; . In ' the \ . House ; 4 to-day. HItf: of ; ii'linoisj senVvto ' '¦ •'¦¦ : , , ;; lowing > jresolutlon .i j.arid' ' • \\ij ;. 'asked-; for 'its? Immediate consideration: .' ;,, '.'..,• v'^-;. ¦/>•>',••. a. ' , •' the postal •' administration -; of the United States having concurred there in, that pendlngithe 'conclusion of a postal 'dpriyentio'nf between' the" republics :of : the .tlnited '. States ; and ' Cuba, '•; the "status; -pre-; ¦ Scribed; by order No.; 395 of the Postmas tlr, General ; 'of /the United '; States, -.dated March* 39, 11901,'relatiye. to the exchange | of. .mails between ''.Cuba; and the United States |b*6 maintained; 'that ;is ,\to." say, r " articles, .mailedMn;Cuba : addressed for : delivery in the Uhlted : States andJarticles mailed' : in : the -United : States;,addressed '.f or " delivery in. Cuba ? shall '."continue r to" be ' subject'; tq the V postage <?i rates, 'i conditions, class '; and "regulation^'applicable^tb; 'articles circulate _ir.g:in the domVsticVmaiis, of -the United' States.', ''''; :,-f -j^, ". \'r\ .;.' ¦¦';•_-;'?.-''/¦ ; i '.'And '. it is 'further /ordered , that "the ; ar ifangexnent now^ln force regarding the'ex-,' "ch'ange .of ,';.', money V orders; ..between- • the; ; United .¦- States o and 5 Cuba * shall continue', and ' be in effect -until a f ormal. cohyehtioh ¦ shall b^signed between 'the, two co verlrig -further ' exchange .*' of ; money i or-' ders I between*! the two . countries.',' ¦ • order v>' is ¦? identical, with '\tiie?. above; ."^ except itnat i; It "reverse's 'the order .'in which 'the* two r countries' are' Congress Congratulates the Cuban Republic Upon Its Appearance This evening the city is illuminated as never before" and a great pyrotechnic dis play was given on , the walls : of Morro Castle and Cabanas, across the bay. - ¦ ) : But President Palma and his Cabinet did nt)t give way to rejoicing. There'Vas stern business ahead for them and they; went quickly to work. As soon as the new Gov ernment was installed Congress met and proclaimed the constitution and appendix.' One hundred thousand outsiders were said to be in the^city and the police were utterly unable to cope with the joy-intoxi cated people. • •' Firecrackers, of . the . giant variety were exploded on the sidewalks and even in the cafes. .. - . '•'¦ ' ¦ '¦"'¦- '¦¦-¦,-.'¦ . American troops, the reins of power were handed over to President Palma, and now the Government of Cuba is free and to-night the whole island is de lirious with Joy. Dramatic as was the re markable demonstration when" the flag ; of the United States was lowered and the flag of the- new republic hoisted in its place at noon to-day, on the palace whence Spain had ruled the island for centuries, it was hardly more stirrlng'than ttie mag nificent friendly demonstration which at tended the departure of the cAiiser Brook lyn as she. sailed out of Havana harbor a few minutes before 4 .o'clock this*"after noon; - ¦•' ' .• '..„¦¦ • The enthusiasm in the city was bound> less. Many persons were literally : mad with joy over their new-born liberty. .The streets were full of surging, cheering men and women. ¦ Motley processions paYaded the plazas. . . • w&- • •¦ ¦ • - - ' • ¦¦tmm ~&~ ~W AVA]S ? A ' May 20.— The Unit . S iamm X ed State? has redeemed her . I §& 0 promise to the' world. Ha- B . & vana and Santiago de Cuba "^¦' -^- were to-day evacuated i by Palma Takes Reins of Power. By a fortunate turn of the wind the lives of all; iri ; the pirty FORT DE FRANCE, Martinique, May 20.— Destruc- A tion is again threatened by Mont Peled, the volcano having resumed an activity even greater than that ex hibited when St. Pierre was" wiped out of existence. For twenty-four hours the volcano has been in constant erup tion and explosions have beeji frequent. All in Fort de France are filled with panic. The island has been shaken by the work ings of the forces within the earth, and every one awaits in " fear a cataclysm even worse than that which recently filled the world with horror and consternation. Last night was one of terror and wild alarm here. The earth seemed to irave lost its foundations. Up through the crater of Mont Pelee poured a storm of death. The culmina tion came at an early hour this morning when there occurred an explosion so terrible that walls in this,\city\vere shaken down and the inhabitants fled to the open country. At this time nothing definite is known of conditions farther to the north. Smoke fills the air, darkening the sky. Ashes, are falling steadily. When the heavens are filled with lightning, as. frequently happens, it can be seen that-Mont-Pelee-has *-not ~ ceased to throw out a great column of lava and stones. There. # has been a perfect calm in the air, yet the waters of^the Carib bean are iashed to a fury, indicating that the same forces that cause the volcano to labor are working tremendous changes at the bottom of the sea. Words are inadequate to describe the actual conditions. Disaster is expected at any moment, and in the harbor every ship has steam up and is ready to slip cable and speed away. '¦• Beset by imminent and terrible danger, a party of officers and men from the Cincinnati and Potomac went ashore at St. Pierre* yesterday and brought away the body of Thomas D. ' Prentis-, the American Consul. Advised to forsake their burden and save themselves, the men who were carrying the body refused to do so. On they stumbled, through an atmosphere each second growing darker and more stifling. Their ears were deafened by the crashes that came from Mont Pelee. In the roadstead the British cruiser Indefatigable was putting to sea, sounding her siren, whichmost of the time was silenced by the great noise of the mountain. With steam up the Potomac stood ready to run as soon as the rescue party could get from shore and on board. To the. general din it added its note of alarm. Finally the brave men were 'forced -to. rest their burden at the water's edge, while they made all spee^d to the Potomac. They were barely in time. As the steamship got well under way r another flood of fire poured down from Pelee and a broad stream of lava ran into the sea, while out of the sky rained a storm of rocks and ashes. N In spite of the threatening aspect of the volcano it was de termined later yesterday to make another attempt . to recover the bodies of Mr. Prentis and Mr. Japp, the British Consul. By j permission I accompanied the searching party, which was di vided into two squads. One led by Ensign Miller went to the site of the American consulate, and soon had the body of Mr. Prentis encased in a metallic and hermetically sealed .coffin. Six stalwart fellows shouldered the body and started with it for the In the meantime another party, led by Lieutenant McCor mick of the Potomac, had proceeded to the British consulate, about a half-mile to the northward of the American consulate. Fortunately this was within view of the crater of Mont Pelee. Lieutenant McCormick saw a column of smoke and fire belch from the volcano, from the side of which a streak of molten lava flowed. Directing his men to make all haste back to trie Potomac the lieutenant turned aside to give warning to the party which was^ carrying away the body of the American Consul. "For God's sake, boys, get to the boat quick if you would save your lives," he gasped. "The volcano has exploded and destruction is upon us." : At that instant there was a crash in the sky, back of which it seemed as though scores of thunderbolts had been forced into. one. As it died away the loud siren of the Indefatigable, which was in the roadstead, screamed a warning. The British cruiser almost' immediately .. put out to sea at top spe'ed\ With out cessation the whistle of the Potomac was blowingA There ' was another rumble and the sky was filled'with lightningAThen," asl looked backward, Mont Pelee cast upward a vast column a mile or more high. • V ; .' \ From the Special Correspondent of The Call and the New York Herald. Copyright, 1902, by the New York Herald Publishing Company. Graphic Story of Recovery of Consul Prentis' Body by Brave Tars. MONT PELEE RENEWS ITS DESTRUCTION TXfASHINGTON, May 20. — Secretary of State Hay, according to the plan arranged some tune ago, took its solemn pledge io.tnakt a free people in the island of Cuba. This was done by the dispatch by cable to every capital where there is res powers that the gov ernment of Cuba by the United States terminated to-day, and that an independent republic lias been. inaitgurated (there/ instructed to convey this information to the government to which they are accredited. 1 . w. ; ; \ • : --: : :;' .-— -\: ; ::.,S-. ; •¦ -i • .^.-,/< ;'*;/> :; ,..;-..^\.^\v ; .-. ¦ .--¦ :/- '••:¦ ':,.,. '.:-;¦'. .. •,. ; The San Francisco Call.