TUESDAY MAY 27, 1002
JOHN D. SPRECKELS, Proprietor.
Zddress All Coauns&ieatioas to W. 8. LEAKS, Manager.
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¦ — ; ' 0
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OAKLAND OFFICE 1118 Broadway
C. GEORGE KROG\ESS.
Kt&tgtr Ft reign Advertising. Htrguettc Building, Chietg*
(Long Distance Telephone "Central 2619.")
NEW YORK CORRESPONDENT: " ,-
C. C CAHLTOX Herald Square
NEW YORK REPRESENTATIVE:
STEPHEN II. SMITH bO Tribune Building
NEW YORK NEWS STANDS:
Waldorf-Astoria Hotel; A. Brentano, 31 Union Square;
Murray Kill Hotel.
CHICAGO NEWS STANDS:
Sherman House; P. O. News Co.; Great Northern Hold;
Fremont House; Auditorium Hotel.
\VASHI*GTO>" (D. C.) OFFICE 1400 G St., X. \V.
MORTOX E. CRAM:, Correspondent.
BRAXCH OFFICES — 527 Montgomery, corner of Clay, open
until 9:30 o'clock. 300 Hayes, open until 9:30 o'clock. «!33
McAllister, open ur.tii 9:30 o'clock. 615 Larkin. open until
9:30 o'clock. 1911 Mission. open / until 10 o'clock. 2261
Market, corner Sixteenth, open until 9 "o'clock. 1098 Va
lencia, open until 9 o'clock. 106 Eleventh, open until 9
o'clock. NW. corner Twenty-second and Kentucky, open
until 9 o'clock. 2200 Fill more, open until 9 p. m.
A powder. Cures hot. swollen, smarting^ achin?.
sweating feet and Ingrowing: nails; kills sting of
Corns and Bunions. 30.000 testimonials. All drug
and shoe stores sell it, 25c. Ask to-day. Sample
mailed Free. Allen S. Olmsted. Le Roy, N. Y.
Use Allen's Foot-Ease,
PP Going to Thunder Mountain PF
The Northern Pacific Railway is the best,
cheapest and quickest route. From Lewlstorj
and Stltes. Idaho, there are good wag-on roads
to either Warrens or Dixie, from which point*
the trails into this district are most accessible.
For rates, etc.. address T. 1C STATELER,
G. A.. W7 Market «t-. S. F.
ORGANIZING A BANK— Reader. Ver
ona, Cal. The organization of a bank un
der'a general law. State or national, Is a
simple matter. Articles of association ara
drawn up In accordance with the statute
of the State or the act of Congress. In
either, the form Is nearly always pre
scribed. These articles recite: ; The title
of the proposed, bank; the amount of It3
capital stock, the number of shares into
which it is divided and the amount of
each. Usually these articles . contain the
names of the first directors and are
signed by them, the act of sub
scription including their election. Each
subscriber to the capital stock places op
posite his name the number of shares ha
desires. When the capital stock Is all
taken up a certificate of organization
must be filed with the Secretary of State,
and a certified copy thereof with the
Clerk or Recorder of the county in which
the bank is located. Generally a publica
tion of the articles of association is made
necessary by State law.
PICKETT AT GETTYSBURG— J. W.
L., Tuttletown, Cal. In an article en
titled "Battles and Leaders of the Civil
War" contributed by E. Porter Alexander,
brigadier general, C. S. A., who on the
last day of the battle of Gettysburg was
of Longstreet's reserve artillery in com
mand of a battalion of twenty-six guns,
says among other things: "And that Gen
eral Longstreet might know my intention
I wrote him only this: 'General: When
our artillery fire is at its best. I shall or
der Pickett to charge." " Further In hia
narrative he has: "Then I wrote to Pick
ett: 'If you are coming at all, you must
come at once, or I cannot give you proper
support.'" In another (part he says of
Lcngstreet and Pickett: "Pickett saluted
and said, 'I am going to move forward,
sir,' galloped off to his division and Im
mediately put It in motion." Longstreet
corroborates this. So it appears that
Pickett was with his division in its mem
FRACTIONAL CURRENCY — K. C.
City. Dealers in old coins an^ bank blll3
do not pay a premium for any kind of
fractional currency unless "new and
crisp." For such of the first Issue, with
perforated edges, like postage stamps,
there is an offer of 25 cents for 5-cent
notes, 40 cents for "10-centers," 50 cents
for "25-centers" and 85 cents for "50-cent
ers." For the same with cut
edges the premium offered is 50 per cent.
BARBER— A. S., City. A discharged
soldier cannot "open and run a barber
shop himself alone in San Francisco"
without having a license or certificate
showins that he has the qualifications to
engage In that business.
XAPOLOEN- F..C. A., City. From the
Wording of your letter of inquiry it Is
Impossible to determine if you want in
formation about Napoleon I or Napoleon
III, consequently the question cannot be
answered at this time.
BONDS— C. B., City. For answer to
your question relative to the bonds of the
company named In your communication,
you are referred to the office of the com
POLL TAX— A Subscriber, City. The
law of California does not say in so many
words- . that a "superintendent of a fac
tory shall give the Poll Tax Collector the
names of employes liable for. poll tax."
TO QUERIES BY
• CALL READERS
BANKER OF OAKLAND
WEDS SOCIETY GIRL
THE SAN FRANCISCO^ :C^ 27, 1902.
1 When a, man. resigns himself. to"- fate his
xcclrnation Is always accented-
seems to have^ got inithe habit of ¦ the thing
and' doesn't know when to quit'
This Congress boasts that it is going to be a big
ger one than the billion-dollar Congress, but - we
notice that the bigger title a. Congress takes the less
the taxpayers think of it,
Rock Island Route Excursions
Leave San Francisco every Wednesday an*
Sunday.' via Rio Grande and Rock Island Rail
ways, and via Los Angeles and El Paso ev.rv
Sunday -and. Tuesday, yi a Southern PaH<v »^
Rock Island Railway,,, for OmThf i?L d
City. Chicago and all r^ints Ea«T. For funher
information Clinton Jones. General
Ajrent Rock Island Railway. <J3* Market «?•
Out of Cuba we have emerged with dignity 7 and
honor, having the gratitude of the^people and ; the ad
miration of the world,; but there is no telling how we
wil! emerge from the Philippines. : . ' ''
WASHINGTON, D. C, May 26.— The
following- Caiif ornians registered hero to
day: At the Riggs, Lafe' Pence; at the
Willard, R.- C.,Brumm; at the Shoreham,
J. N. Benson and T..J. O'Brlen'and -wife;
nt the Arlington,* iLD. Morton and wife
tnd Ruth Morton ; at the National, J. V
: Young— air of ' San Francisco.
Califoraians in Wastilngton.
Special information supplied, dally to"
business houses and public men hv th«
Piess Clipping Bureau lAUen^^^ifl
fornia street. Telephone Main 1M2. •
Sir Thomas Lipton has nothing to give for a peer
age, but millions to spend fqr the America's cup, and
it looks as if he -would neither take what has-been of
fered nor get what he wishes.
Townsend's California' glace fruit 50c a
pound, in fire-etched boxes or Jap ' baak
ets. A '¦ nice present , for Eastern friend^
C39 Market St.. Palace Hotel buUdlni? •
The United States courts have decided that people
riding on passes may receive. damages for. injuries re
ceived on railroad trains. This decision, however,- is
not expected to be an encouragement to suicide where
the' danger of death is so frequently imminent.
There a good many reasons of course why the'
Kaiser should wish to give us a statue of Frederick
the Great, but perhaps Prince Henry after looking at
the collection of statues at Washington may have
advised his brother to give us one just to show us
what a proper statue ought to be.
At the recent "Oregon day" at the Charlest6n ex
position, the orator of the occasion had hardly 100
persons in his audience, and it is recalled that at
the Omaha exposition "Massachusetts day" was
about as slimly attended, though the Governor of
Massachusetts was there. From those facts the
Springfield Republican draws the conclusion
that the people are tired of expositions. It would
teem, however, more logical to conclude that
the people are tired of State days and State orators.
An exposition will pay if there be more exhibits and
less talking than Charleston .and Omaha put up.
.General J. B. Frisbie Is expected to re
turn from a mining trip through Mexico
to-day. His wife and family-came down
from Vallejo yesterday, and registered j at
the Occidental.; awaiting his arrival.
. Chief Dennis Sullivan. of .the San Fran
cisco Fire Department, who, has been in
the country for his summer vacation, will
return to j the city on Thursday. .¦
Assistant General Passenger Agent^ H.
R. Judah of the Southern Pacific, who has
been 1 ill for about two: weeks, is much
better ' and will resume 'his work-in tho
railroad ofSce in a few days.
. Julius Kruttschnitt, assistant president
of the Southern Pacific,' returned yester
,day from Ogden.
John C. Hoover of San Rafael Is at the
Dr. E. Wagk of Agnews is a guest at
• "W. P. Thomas, an attorney of Ukiah, is
at ihe Grand.
- Dr. D. E. Osborne of St. Helena Is at
E. Noble Greenleaf of Los Angeles is at
., -W. ; F. Candler, a well-known resident
of Selraa, is a guest at the Palace.
;. Charles Johnson, the successful mining
Investor of Nome, is at the Palace.
¦George P. Beveridge, the well-known
oil man of Fre"sn<v is at the Occidental. 1
v - E. N. Rector, a Superior Judge of Mer
ced,' is among the arrivals at the Lick.
Franklin Leonard, a mining man of
I Nevada, is registered at the Palace.
John Wolfskin, who owns several hand
some buildings in Los Angeles, Is at the
1' Occidental. ;..-" . /•.." . - vv-.."
Mrs. Noozy— Because they simply won't
tell at all. I asked one to-day how much
my husband had on deposit there and ho
ju3t laughed.— Philadelphia Press
¦¦ ¦ ' -•- r -
Cal. glace fruit 60c per 1b at.Tftwnsend's.'
• « » . L
Prunes stuffed with aJJrlcots. Townsend'a.*
Mrs. Chumm— Why?
Mrs. Noozy— I think it's the most ridic
ulous thing to call that man in the bank
a "teller." , *
Tramp — Writer's cramp, mum. I've been
keepin' a list of all th' people wot offered
me work, mum.— New York Weekly
Tramp— I'd like ter do something ti> pay
fer ill this, but- I'm a cripple, mum.
Housekeeper— You don't look It. What's
the matter? " v ..
"What is the most foolish enterprise
that a man can undertake?"
"Well, I did think it was looking for
the north pole, but I changed my mind
this summer." * " " •
Sue Brette— Well, if he succeeds In
capturing a Boston audience,, he Is cer
tainly all right.— Yonkers Statesman.
Foote Lighte— I see by a Boston paper
that General Funston is going on the
stage. ' - - ¦"¦ "
She — Music hath charms, you know.
He-7-Tes; I'll bring a brass band with
me the next time I call. .
She— Couldn't you make it a gold band
with a solitaire in it?— Tit-Bits.
The offenses have become so frequent and have
occurred in such widely scattered localities as to ren
der it certain that State law is comparatively power
less to deal with the offenders and bring them to jus
tice. We have just had an example of the* failure of
justice in Modoc County, in this State, so we need
not taunt other States with the inefficiency" of their,
laws. The crime has, in fact, been perpetrated North
and South arid East and WeitL and in nearly sv «»
The issue should not be converted into a question
of partisanship' nor of sections. There will be of
course some difficulty experienced in trying to avoid
the latter by reason of the greater frequency of lynch
ing in the South than elsewhere. The Southern peo
ple are extremely sensitive on the subject. That much
was shown at the' time Senator Gallinger submitted his
resolution, for after- he had read an account of the
latest lynching outrage in Texas Senator Culberson
of that State rose and read an account of a similar
outrage in Kansas as an' evidence that the crime' is
not confined to the South. Of course that phase of
the issue should not come into the discussion at all.
It is not a question where lynchings are most fre
quent, but what can be done to punish those who com
mit them and put an end to those hideous torturings
and burnings of. human beings by mobs which are
becoming so appallingly common.
While it is not apparent what the Federal Govern
ment can do toward the suppression of what has now
become one of the most portentous evils of the coun
try, Senator Gallinger's resolution will none the less
be worthy of adoption. The whole subject should be
investigated thoroughly, and if it be possible to find
a remedy it should be promptly provided. More than
that. If no certain remedy can be found by the Ju
diciary Committee it should do the best it can in
the premises and report some. remedial act that has a
chance at least of standing 'the test of the Supreme
£> ENATOR GALLINGER has submitted a reso-
lution instructing the Judiciary Committee of
the Senate to make an. investigation into the
subject of lynching in the United States, with a view
to ascertaining if there be any remedy for the of
fense. . ¦
LAW AND THE LYNCHERS.
The duty of registration is imperative. It is im
posed upon every citizen. An especial responsibil-.
ity rests upon good citizens. Unless that class of
voters register the bosses will have their way at the
polls.. The duty should be attended to at once. Do
not wait until after the holidays. Register, now.
There is to be a complete new registration this
year. Every citizen. must register or forfeit his right
to vote. r If the registration be attended to now it
can be done readily and quickly. .If it be postponed
until the rush of belated ones throng the registration
office it will be more or less annoying and will en
tail a loss of time in waiting at the office.
The campaign is not only to be an Important one',
as all campaigns are in this country,, but it is also to
be a close one. The Democratic party, divided as it
is on well nigh every, issue before the country, is
united in the desire to carry the election and get pos
session of the offices. It is what is' known- as an'
off year, and. in such years opposition parties have"
always been dangerous. Should any considerable*,
number of Republicans fail to register we, may lose'
one or perhaps more Congressmen. Moreover State
politics in California has always been uncertain. Re
publican Governors have alternated in office/with
Democratic Governors for a long time past. The Re
publican party can afford to take no chances this',
year. :. ; ;. ' ; ¦ ' , . ';'; ,. ':'¦.. ' }:;'(
AT the meeting of the Republican % State
Central Committee on Saturday resolutions
were adopted calling attention to the delay of
voters throughout the State in enrolling themselves
upon the great register so as to assure to themselves
the right to vote. They call upon county commit^
tees, Republican clubs and the Republican press to
urge registration at once.. The resolutions are timely
and- pertinent. It is to be hoped they will be acted
upon. - r
THE DUTY OF REGISTRATION.
Curiously enough Palestine, in proportion to its
size, is said to be the leading country in the use of
automobiles. The explanation of the fact is that the
sun is so hot that horses or mules have never been
able to do much work there, and the auto fills a want
that. has been felt since the beginning of time.
:Mr. and Mrs. Havens have started on
their'weddlng trip to Europe, where they
The bride, one of the most popular
girls in the smart set, is well known in
¦this city as the daughter of the late cap
italist, James M. Goewey. The groom is
a resident of Oakland and a director ' of
this' Berkeley Bank of. Savings and Cen
tral Bank of Oakland. . ,
The* bride was charming In an elegant
gown of white tulle over silk. The bridal
veil of white tulle was caught in the hair
with orange blossoms. The bouquet was
of white orchids. The maid of honor was
handsomely attired in -pink mousaellne
de soie over silk and carried white roses.
The little flower girls were daintily
gowned in pink silk and carried baskets
of baby roses of the same color.
AT a pretty home wedding yester
day "at high noon Miss Gertrude
Goewey became the "bride of MrP
John "Weston Havens. The bride's
home, 306 Page street, was .hand
somely decorated. The color scheme was
pink and white. Pink carnations pre
dominated in the drawing rooms and the
dining-room was fragrant with orange
blossoms. Foliage was. effectively inter
spersed with the flowers. The bow win
dow, where the bridal party stood, was
converted into a bower of roses. The
bride was attended by Miss Kate Dillon,
maid of honor, and Miss Florence "Wool
sey and Miss Elizabeth Brice, flower
girls. Mr. Frank B. Goewey, the bride's
brother, was best man. j Rev. Bradford
Leavitt performed the ceremony.
In fact, we are just discovering California. These
merchant tours are voyages of discovery. Every tour
ist js a Columbus. Every locality they visit is a
Land of Promise, full of corn and wine and flowing
with milk and honey, with a potential wealth un
equaled by any other part of the earth. Tulare is
simply one part of the charming color that makes the
whole sumptuous kaleidoscope.
The almonds and walnuts marketed from London
are shipped from France and Spain. Here we pro
duce them of better quality in counties that are in
sight from Telegraph Hill. London's olive oil and
pickled oiives come from the edges of the Mediter
ranean. The oil she exports is largely adulterated.
Some of it cushioned the ribs of Iowa hogs, some
grew in our Southern cotton fields, and some is sup
plied by the peanut crop of North Carolina.; Here
the pure oil grows in vast orchards from San Diego
to Shasta. The English mint turns into sovereigns
gold that is imported from South Africa, Australia
and Alaska. The San Francisco Mint works the
largest coinage in the world, and the Pactolean
stream has its source in our own mountains.
Every article of necessity and luxury that is given
value by human desire is produced right here, and
under intensive methods its production can'be in
creased tci meet the world's demand.
The wine handled on the London docks comes
from Spain, Portugal, France and Germany. Its
equal in quality and its superior in purity is
produced within a few hours' ride of our ware
houses. In volume its production can be easily
made to equal the aggregate of the wine
countries of Europe. The prunes, raisins, citrus
fruits and fruit products distributed from "London
are harvested all the way from the Levant to Valen
cia. A San Francisco merchant can leave his store at
the close of the day's business, spend the evening and
the morning in the orchards and vineyards and be
back at his desk at the opening of business next day.
As The Call has often pointed out, in the produc
tive capacity of California San Francisco has a per
manent and increasing resource which alone is suffi
cient to make this one. of the most important cities
in the world. The volume of trade which this State
can supply in articles of commerce that are univer
sally desirable can make San Francisco the equal of
London as a distributing point for those articles.
THE second party of business men from this city
to visit Tulare County received and confirmed
the impression made upon the tourists of three
weeks ago. Not only are these tours delightful social
experiences, but they are of the highest practical im
portance to the production of the State a.nd the busi
ness of San Francisco.
THE VISIT TO TULARE.
A CHANCE TO SMILE.
Miss Charlotte Ellinwood will remain in
the city for the present instead of visit
ing Napa Soda Springs.
Miss Ethel Hager will spend next
month with Mrs. H.' P. Chase at "Stag's
Leap." >v - ¦;-
Mr. and Mrs. Frank Richardson "Wells
have returned to their home in the East
after being delightfully entertained in
Mr. and Mrs. Latham McMullin are so
journing In Napa County.
* • *
Dr. Arthur P. Pierson. editor of the
Missionary Review of New York, will be
tendered a reception by the Occidental
Board of Foreign Missions at 920 Sacra
mento street to-morrow afternoon from 3
to 5 o'clock.
Captain and Mrs. Conrad, Captain and Mrs.
Jenks, Mrs. Bush, Mrs. Kerwln. Mrs. Lewis,
the Misses Lewis of the Presidio, Lieutenant
and Mrs. Blrcham, Captain Cloke, Lieutenants
Green, Lewis, Mclntyre, Diere, Lloyd, Stevens,
Kock and Ramond.
Major and Mrs. Hancock entertained a
party of friends at tennis on Alcatraz
a few days ago. Guests from the city
and Presidio went over in the McDowell
and spent a delightful afternoon. Among
those present were:
Lieutenant Endick, Miss Wall, Captain John
ston, Lieutenant Rochester, Miss Lough
borough, Mr. Tobln, Miss Ethel Hager, Mrs.
Will O'Connor. Miss Belle O'Connor, Miss A.
Murphy,- Miss Maye Colburn, Mrs. ! Blddle, Miss
Lyman P. Bent and Miss Jennie Blair.
Lieutenant Payson, Lieutenant Ralph Brown,
One of the most enjoyable functions
given for Miss Louise Drew "dur
ing her visit in ,. this city was Mrs.
Eleanor Mott's tea on Friday. The dec
orations yqere extremely artistic, and the
affair delifehtfuny'Tiiformal:^ M£ ' John
Drew was present. 'Other guests" were:
win spend five months traveling. They
¦will reside In Berkeley.
• . •
Mrs. "'E. M. North entertained the
Stratford Shakespeare Society at her res
idence, 2414 Pacific avenue, Friday after
noon. An excellent musical and literary
programme was offered, Including scenes
from Shakespeare's most fascinating
plays. Among those present were:
Mr. and Mrs. John O. North, Mrs. J. J.
McDonald. Mr. and Mrs. A. K. Stevens, Mrs.
Evans, Mr. and Mrs. Shannon, Miss Shannon,
General Barck, Lieutenant Preston, Captain
Whitcomb, .Mrs. Arnold, Miss R. Dlxon,. Miss
A. Dlxon, Miss N. Johns, Mrs. George Peter
son, Miss E. Peterson. Mrs. John Leale, Miss
M. Leale, Miss Edwards, Miss Everette, Mlsa
Donnelly, MIsa Piper, Mr. Prendergast, Mr.
Bannerman. F. Terkeldsen, Dr. Peck, A. T.
Fletcher. Professor Stoeftel, Professor Lisser,
A. L. Mann, L. A. Jordan, Jack Beane, Miss
Beane, Mrs. Hood.
SOCIETY BELLE OF THIS CITY
AND THE MAN WHO CLAIMED
HER AS HIS BRIDE.
Municipal evolution in the United States is, in fact,
going forward with juch rapidity, and is accompanied
by such a universal demand for more beautiful as well
as more prosperous cities, that railway officials must
sooner or later conform to. public desire and make
railway stations attractive, commodious and noble.
The time when the larger cities of the country were
content with ramshackle structures for passenger sta
tions has passed away. San Francisco in all serious
ness should enter herself as a rival of Buffalo, Cleve
land and Kansas City, not as to which has the worse
station, but as to which can mosf speedily obtain a
better one. \"<
The three cities named are now working diligently
for better depot accommodations. The insufficiency
of. the Buffalo station was made conspicuous during
the exposition last year, and ever since there has been
a strong movement in the direction of a better one.
At Kansas City it is reported there is a "secret com
mittee" at work trying to bring the various railroads
that center in the city to an agreement to construct
a, grand union depot equal to the needs of, the pub
lic. Cleveland has larger plans than either, of the
others. It is stated that her citizens are seeking to
have a new station constructed as one of a group of
stately buildings, which are to line a broad, open park
extending from the lake front to the Jieart of the city.
A short time ago a dispatch from New York an
nounced that as a result of President Harriman's in
vestigations the Southern Pacific Company would ex
pend upward of $75,006,000 in improvements. Otft of
that expenditure something "should De- provided for a
proper station in this city. ' It might even be. possible
for the Santa Fe and the Southern Pacific to combine
for a union depot, since it seems certain that such,
a depot will be required by the development of the
city and the roads themselves before- many years are
The discussion in' the East has arisen out of a wide
spread demand in that section for better accommo
dations for passengers and the general public" at rail
way stations. Our railway system is far superior to
any other in the world, but it lags behind many coun
tries in the arrangements made for the comfort of
passengers at the stations where they depart or ar
rive. In fact, the American railway carries a passen
ger across deserts or wildernesses it may be in a
palace car, but lands him in a shanty when he reaches
a city of metropolitan pretensions.
If the St. Louis exposition will'offer as a premium
a grand passenger depot to the large city in the
United States" which has the greatest need of it our
people would at once get up: a. series of exhibits
showing the Southern Pacific' station in this city,
with a sanguine' expectation, of not only winning the
prize but distancing competitors., . \
FROM our Eastern exchanges we learn that a
discussion is how going on as to .whether Buf
falo, Cleveland o- Kansa's City has the worst ;
railway passenger depot among the, larger cities of
the Union and is in most need of a new one. The.
controversy is interesting, and San Francisco would
like to enter as a contestant. . . ¦• ¦ . r
QUESTION OF STATIONS. \
The unspeakable wretch who is in jail at Castroville
on a charge of matricide seems to . be one of those
horrid forms which 1 eap into civilization to tell man
of his fearful ancestry and? of ages long dead. The
beast should belput out of the world as soon"as pos
sible. '".'.. ' .
From this and other evidences it is plain that the
civil government is between two fires. On one side
are the angered and revolutionary natives in armed
revolt, and on the other the civilian Americans * in
moral revolt. If there be any wisdom to spare any
where, it may be used beneficially in the Philippines.
The situation is made worse and more threatening
of permanent trouble by the fact that civilian Ameri
cans in the islands join the native victims of oppres
sion in denouncing the civil government which is ad
ministered on the lines of martial law. In the edi
torial for which the editor of Freedom is under arrest
it was said: "The long and short of it is that Amer
icans will not stand for arbitrary government, espe
cially when evidences of carpet : bagging and rumors
of graft are too thick to be pleasant. If civil govern
ment is to be a success in the Philippines there must
be a radical departure and a listening to reason and
the desires of the people. It would seem in the mat
ter of industrial taxation,- the currency and many
others the commission has done exactly the opposite
of what was desired by the majority of the interests
in the islands."
From the proofs offered by Senor Valdez and the
editor of Freedom it seems perfectly plain that the
Filipinos who have been put in authority by the com
mission use these cruel and extreme statutes for the
purpose of oppressing, blackmailing and robbing their
own countrymen. The same system prevailed under
Spanish rule and was the cause of much of the hatred
of Spain. We do not think that the commission has
intended any such result, but that is the effect of the
severe laws it has put in operation. For this reason
American rule seems to be only a change of men and
not of methods.
For N reprinting Mr. Adamson's letter and making
very temperate comment upon it the American editor
of Freedom was arrested by the commission and
charged with "scurrilous libel and sedition," to be
tried under Spanish? law! Senator. Hoar has declared
the commission's statute of treason and sedition to be
the crudest and most unjust law ever enacted by
man. It seems to be carrying into civil government
all of the severities of martial law.
The sedition law, under Which he was arrested, is
an American statute, promulgated by the Philippine
Commission, but Valdez and the other editors were
tried in courts of first instance under the forms of
Spanish law. Valdez offered to prove his charges,
and no doubt was able to do so, but under Spanish
law the^ rule is that the greater the truth the greater
the libel. This is the opposite of the law of libel in
this country. Americans in the islands object to
being tried by Spanish criminal law for alleged vio
lation of an American statute. They object to the
sedition section of the commission's code because
it is an anomaly 'in civil government.
Senor Valdez published proofs of . equally grave
charges against one of the^ native members of the
commission, Senor Trinidad H. Pardo de Tavera, and
was arrested, imprisoned and fined 800 pesos.
Mr. Sidney Adamson, 'in a communication to Les
lie's Weekly, said that "the civil commission,
through its ex-insurgent office-holders and by its
continual disregard for the records of natives ob
tained during the military rule of the islands, has, in
its distribution ' of offices, constituted a protectorate
over a set of men who should be in jail or deported."
This statement was reprinted in Freedom, an
American newspaper published in Manila, and-de
tails and specifications in proof were printed in that
journal and in a Filipino paper at Miau, of which
Senor Valdez is the editor. These proofs were
specific. They showed among other things that Tec
sop, presidente of San Pablo, arrested a large number
of rich Fnipinos, charging them with complicity
with the insurrectos. After they had been imprisoned
and their lives put in peril under the statute of trea
son provided by the Philippine Commission, he pro
cured their release, one at a time. After all were free
it was proved that he made them pay him a large sum
of money for releasing them. Of course it was for
the purpose of blackmailing them that they were ar
SOME editors of newspapersJn the Philippines
have been fined and imprisoned under the se
, dition laws promulgated by authority of the
United States, through the Philippine Commission.
A few days ago we directed attention to a bill now
before providing that where a State does
not give adequate protection to a citizen the' Federal
Government might > interfere under the: fourteenth
amendment and punish, any and all persons convicted
of taking part in the mob that killed a citizen. The
constitutionality of the bill is doubtful, but it at least
offers a suggestion of a way to put an end to the
wrong. Perhaps the Judiciary Committee of 'the
Senate can devise a better way. One thing is certain
—something." will have to be done. Lynch law has
become a horrible barbarism. It threatens a relapse
to savagery and.it must be suppressed by some form
of law or the law itself 'will lose the respect of the,
instance has gone unpunished. It appears, then, that
the States cannot effectively grapple with the wrong.
Can the Federal Government intervene and do jus
tice? ". '. : -' ; ?^ :^'i '¦'-"'. % '-¦ '
residence daringr the snmmer months can have
their paper forwarded by mail to their new
addresses by notify Ins The Call Business Office.
This paper will also be on sale at all summer
resorts and is represented by a local agent In
all towns on the const.
Call subneribers contemplating? a changre of
10 SUBSCRIBERS LEAY1KG T0flH FOB. TBE SUMMER.
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