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Mayor Schmitz and Other Speakers Urge Workmen
to Remain Steadfast. PRESIDENT GOMPERS OF THE AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR ADDRESSING THE BIG UNION . MASS-MEETING WHICH WAS HELD IN THE ALHAMBRA THEATER LAST NIGHT. MEKLO PARK, July 22.-The Southern Pacific Company has decided to build a new stone depot here, and elaborate plans for it are already being worked out. The new station will consolidate the depots of Fair Oak?- and Menlo Park and will be about half way between the two. Many of the citizens her© axe quite stirred up about it, as the new site will be an inconvenient distance from most of the hotels and business blocks, but the company is simply carrying out Us plan of erecting new depots at all Its stations oX iissortance. New Depot for Menlo Park. At the close of the meeting the inter national president, accompanied by the Mayor, the band and the whole body of carmen, treat to the Alhambra Theater, •ten a mass meeting was being held. Mayor Schmitz was completely over come by this token of esteem, and was at a loss for v.ords. Finally he said: "Gen tlemen, at this time let some 'one else talk; I can only say, 1 thank you." In conclusion the speaker said he brought his hearers fraternal greetings from the East, where the organization is rapidly spreading. At the conclusion of his address Mr. Jlshon presented to the Mayor engros&ed resolutions which had been passed by Division 205 in appreciation of the btand the executive had taken in the struggle of the carmen and to show how much he had endeared himself to the organiza tion. Mahon thanked the division for their kind reception of him and said that it ¦was a moment he would never forget. He said his mind wandered back to the years of the labor movement, when it was the disposition of those who opposed the asbcciatlon to wipe It out of existence and came back to the present time when it had become of such importance that the chief executive of the city attended the meeting. He stated that only a few years ago, before organization had bten effected, the working hours of tho carmen ranged from, twelve to eighteen *nd their pay did not exceed 14 cents an hour. To-day there were thousands of carmen working nine hours .a day and making from 21 to 25 cents an hour. Or ganization, he said, had revolutionized the condition of the railway men of America. He warned them to always consider well the questions of their laws end constitutions and to keep their or ganization down to a business basis and the desired results would be brought about. At 8:40 Richard Cornelius, president of the Amalgamated Association of Street Railway Employes, called the meeting Jo cider and introduced Mahon. At 7:45 o'clock last night the parade of the carmen started from the Grand Hotel, ftnd led by a band, proceeded up Market etreet to Taylor and thence to the temple. At fc:30 the temple was filled, both on the main floor and in the gallery, with mem bers of the union and shortly after that time President W. D. Mahon, accom panied by the Mayor, R. Cornelius, George Dingwall, Henry JohnEon and W. T. Jane, entered the hall and was enthusiastically cheered. President TV. D. Malion .of the Amal gamated Association of Street Railway Employes had a busy day yesterday. He ¦was anxious to make it possible for every carman in the city to hear him speak at least once and to this end ne arranged to deliver three addresses during the day. The first was at the Turk-street Temple at S:15 yesterday morning. Mr. Man on made a very interesting address upon the great benefits which have resulted to street carmen from organization and I2rg«-d the necessity of harmony and of avoiding petty dissensions. At 1:45 o'clock yesterday afternoon he again addressed the carmen in the Turk-street Temple. tion I>elivers Addresses to Carmen. President of Amalgamated Associa- MAHON HAS BUSY DAY. Commerce Is Likely to Come to a Standstill if All of the Unions Agree on a Sympathetic Movement. Mitchell says the national officers of the organization are considering the question of accepting the offer of the tSritish trades unions, through their fed eration, of financial aid in the strike. Indianapolis unions met to-night and re solved to assess members at least 1 per cent per week on their earnings for the Anthracite strikers. This will amount to $2000 per week. Miners from the Johnstown district, vhere the worst horror occurred, have declared emphatically that the men had teen sent back to work there without making any effort to remove all the bodies first. This afternoon several large contributions for the strike fund were received. District No. 13 (Iowa) sent JSOOO and the Boilermakers' and Iron Ehip Builders' National Union $546. INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., July 22.—Presi dent Mitchell will leave for Chicago to morrow afternoon. He will stay ui that dry a day and will go direct to Wilkes baire to resume active management of the strike. The national officers attach a. great deal of importance to th-.- reso lution reported by the committee ap pointed by the convention to draw up en expression in regard to the recent mine horrors in which so many men lost their lives. In this resolution attention is called to the fact that in several in stances the men had been sent back to work in the mines before the dead bodies of their friends had been removed. To-day, as a result of the strike of the tugmen, which has been in progress since April, the executive body of his associa tion empowered him to decide whether the 60,(.KX) members engaged in loading, un loading and operating vessels in the lakes ehall cease work to help the tugmen in their strike against the tug trust. if the decision be for a light, work wUJ be suspended on all the iron ore, coal and lumber docks along the chain of lakes. The fact that the Licensed Tugmen's Pro tective Association was admitted to mem bership in the Longshoremen's Associa tion while it already had a strike on its he nds is taken to indicate that its of ficers expect help. It is said that the striking tugmen have for some time en deavored to get the docktvorkers mixed up In their strike. With the whole of the matter in his hands for settlement it is likely that Keefe •will visit Cleveland within a week lor a conference with officials of the Grtat Lakes Towing Company. Upon the result of this meeting will largely depend the fu ture strike agair.st the company. Should a general symr>athetic strike be ordered at this time the result would be most disastrous to lake commerce. CHICAGO, July 22.— In the hands of one tnan now rests the decision whether a tie-up of the marine industries of the Great Lakes snail be decreed. This man is President D. F. Keefe of the Inter national Longshoremen, Marine and Iransport V\*orkcrs' Association. President Keefe in Control of the Perilous Situation. Labor Troubles on the Great Lakes More Serious. BIG STRIKE MAY STOP ALL SHIPS SAMUEL GOMPERS DELIVERS BRILLIANT SPEECH ON UNIONISM AND STRIKES AT BIG MASS-MEETING AT ALHAMBRA THEATER GOES FORTH TO FACE THE INSURGENTS Castro of Venezuela Will Risk Battle at Puerto Cabello. Rebels Make Such Headway That the President Is J-XkCLk UiCJUa United States Gunboat Marietta Will Rescue a Consular Agent Who Has Taken Refuge ia Trinidad. vS Special Dispatch to The Cah. CALL BUREAU, 1406 O STREET. N. W.. WASHINGTON, July 22.— President Castro has expressed his Intention of leaving Caracas for Puerto Cabello to meet in person the revolutionists now threatening that town. Minister Bowen to-day cabled the State Department that an insurgent attack upon Puerto Cabello was expected at any time, and that Pres ident Castro was going there In person. The insurgent forces are strong in, that vicinity. Minister Bowen also states that the gunboat Marietta has gone to Carupano to observe conditions. The Venezuelan Government has declared a blockade of this port, which is In the hands of the- In surgents. Mr. Pulido. the Venezuelan Charge d'Affaires,- called at the State Depart ment to-day to inform Acting Secretary Hill of the receipt of advices from the Venezuelan acting Minister of Foreign Affairs that tha report that the entire western portion of the country vras in tha power of the insurgents was untrue. The. advices stated that there was not a man in arms against the Government in tha Andes states, Camora or Zulla. WILLEMSTAD. Island of Curacao, July 22.— The United States gunboat Ma rietta sailed from Laguira last night, having be*n sent by Herbert W. Bowen, United States Minister to Venezuela, with W. TV. Russell, Secretary of Lega tion, on board, to investigate the situa tion in the Orinoco district, which is re ported to be extremely critical for Amer ican interests, as no communication has been had with Cludad Bolivar since June 9. En route the Marietta will take on board Robert B. Henderson, the American consular agent at Ciudad Bolivar, who has taken refuge in Trinidad. KING EDWARD IMPROVES ON HIS ROYAL YACHT jurltish. Sovereign Will Soon Hold His First Council "With Premier Baifour. > LONDON. July 22.— The weather was less disagreeable at Cowes this morninjr and the reports from the royal yacht Vic toria and Albert continue to chronicle King Edward's improvement. It Is said that he walked a few steps yesterday. The King will hold his first council since A. J. Baifour became Premier on board the yacht shortly. It Is expected that the name of the new Lord Lieutenant of Ire land to succeed Earl Cadogan. whose res ignation was made public July 17. will then be announced. SAN 'JOSE, July 22.— The Democratic Coun ty Central Committee has fixed September 1 as the date for the county convention. The committee will name delegates to the Stato convention, to be voted for at the primary election on August 12. ¦'¦•-'- '.•~i At 6:20 p. m. the executive council ad journed to meet this morning at the Grand Hotel at 8:30 o'clock. the organized labor unions to the general pub lic for financial assistance in aid of the strik ing miners in the anthracite coal regions. Th« request was complied with and an indorsement sent by telegraph. I belong to & trade which has eight hours a day for its trade mark. Years ago, before unionism became a factor In the land, men were forced to work twelve hours a day. Bishop Potter says the labor movement is only iibout (fceventy-flve years old. The Bishop is our friend, but he is very wrong when It comes to quoting labor statistics. (Laughter.) The labor movement dates back to the laws of the Hound Table, COO years before the Christian era began. Long before the birth of Christ Spartacus led 60.000 men In a strike to better the conditions of humanity of that time. Aristotle argued that the lowest of mankind iormed the unit upon which the advancement of the human race was based. It was Christ who taught that man could be elevated by j-caceful methods Instead of those advocated by Kpartacfis and others of his kind. In the middle ages came the Magna Charta, forced Duncan was warmly received. He said when he left his New England home he expected to leave a hotbed of conspira cies, yet, at the outset, on his arrival here, lie finds the chairman of the even ing conspiring with success to place him (Duncan) ahead of Gompers on the speakers' list. He objected to conspira cies of the kind, but excused it because he was convinced that unionism.- was mightily strong in San Francisco. Con tinuing, he said: They have come to a city that has had its fair share of industrial strife and which is now reaping the benefits of that strife. It is true here and there are signs of internicine war fare, but these are the signs of the great ac tivity of the unionist cause in our midst. The cause Is like the rolling of a great ship at sea, which lo the inexperienced eye might ap pear to be- in danger, but to the- mariner all is safe. Labor in San Francisco is true to the principles of unionism and no matter how fierce the storm in which it i3 enveloped the cause is safe. What the cause is accomplish ing I will leave to the speakers here to relate to you. I therefore Introduce to you James Duncan, first vice president of the American Federation of Labor. REAPING THE BENEFITS. Walter MacArthur. editor of the Coast Seamen's Journal, was chairman of the evening. Among the vice presidents were fifty of the best known union men of the city. They occupied seats on the stage with the principal speaker of the evening, who was seated to the right of the chair man. Chairman MacArthur called the meet- Ing to order at 8:25 o'clock in a brief ad dress. He apologized for having kept the audience waiting and then told a story apropos to the occasion which excited laughter. He expressed the greetings of San Francisco to the visitors who are here as representatives of the American Federation of Labor. By a paradox they are far away from home, and yet they are at home, because wherever the work ers of the land are organized there all workers are perfectly at home. Resum ing he said: It was considerably after 8 o'clock when President Gompers and his co-workers of the federation made their appearance in the hall, headed by a band which dis coursed patilotic airs. The appearance of the distinguished labor leader upon the stage was the signal for a tremendous burst of applause which made the rafters ring. The customary colored adornments, signs and transparancles which one in evitably associates with the gathering of the public en masse with labor dignitaries as the main attraction were lacking. Not an inch of bunting was to be seen, but this in no wise detracted from the interest the occasion aroused. tive committee of that body would address the public last night attracted a large audience to the Alhambra Theater. The general theme discussed by the vari ous speakers was unionism and its effect upon the social, moral and financial con ditions of the workingman. The audience being composed for the greater part of honest toilers of both sexes it was to be expected that the sentiments expressed by the platform orators should rouse en thusiasm. In this respect the meeting was a great success. THE announcement that Samuel Gompers, president of the Ameri can Federation of Labor, and sev eral other members of the execu- address the speaker was vociferously cheered. John B. Lennon, treasurer of the Amer ican Federation of Labor, was next in troduced. He spoke of the purposes of the trip of the tederation officers to San Francisco, saying that the journey was not made because differences existed in the ranks of labor, but merely to assist the cause on the Pacific Coast in its on ward march. He rejoiced to see that unionism was no myth in San Francisco. He believed that the unionists of this city would do more to aid the common cause than the unionists of the East ex pected of them. The speaker said he had a right to expect that the unionists would not only be true to their local unions, but to their international .unions as well. He urged his hearers to "remain firm to the principles of unionism and to never forget that where unionism is con cerned there is no East, no West, no North or South. Max Morris, secretary of International Clerks' Association, delivered . a brief address. He made a strong plea in behalf of ihe union label, urging his hearers to buy no clothing, nor smoke a cigar which did not have the union label. He spoke of the early closing movement in the various cities and said that if the public assisted the movement success was as sured. • W. D. Mahone, president of the Inter national Association . of Street Railway Employes of America, spoke briefly of the purposes of the organization represented by him. He congratulated the carmen of San Francisco upon the success of their strike some weeks ago. ADDRESS BY MAYOR. When Mahone concluded Mayor Schmitz was introduced amid a burst of applause. When the dim died away the Mayor said: In the name of the citizens of San Francisco I want to extend a hearty welcome to the rep resentatives of labor who addressed you this evening. This demonstration shows that they have the respect and love of every union man of San Francisco. I trust that this demonstra tion will go far toward reconciling the differ ences between employers and employes. (Ap plause.) Organization — peaceful organization — is your right and privilege, and it is the only agency by which you will secure your just rights. I only regret that we have not more occasions of this characters/when men of the reputation of those to whom you have listened may be able to address us. There is a saying that in time of peace -pre pare for war. In Kurope there are governments constantly ready for war and waiting for .a chance to find their neighbors oft their guard. Because worklngmen organize it need not be said they are, looking for war. It is merely to protect their own interests; It will result even tually In bringing about a more comprehensive and efficacious system of arbitration, by which differences between labor and capital are to be adjusted. . / i In closing, I will say that having been chosen as Mayor of this city, I am trying to do my duty as a working-man. (Cheers.) I can do no more. I trust you will stand firm for the prin ciples of unionism. I thank you. < It was 11:30 o'clock when the Mayor concluded his remarks and the meeting adjourned with three ¦ cheers for G»m pers, Schmitz, the Federation of Labor and the cause of unionism. SONS AND DAUGHTERS INSTATE NEW OFFICERS Pleasant Party Follows Induction Francisco Parlor. Ceremonies of a South. San San Francisco Parlor, No. 49. Native Sons of the Golden West, has had the following named officers installed for the current term: Ben Levy, past president: Dr. W. A. Jack ron, president; Frank Flynn, R. P. Troy and George D. Ash, vice presidents; Frank Marlni, treasurer; J. H. Nelson, ¦ financial secretary; Louis P. Powelson, recording secretary; Frank Salnsat, inside, and J. O'Connell, outside sen tinel. La Vespero Parlor of the Native Daugh ters of the Golden West had an installa tion party last night in South San Fran cisco Masonic Hall. After the officers of the parlor had initiated nine strangers in their meeting place the officers-elect, whose names have already been publish ed, presented themselves in the main hall, where, 1 In the presence of a large number of people.they were installed with the usual ceremonies. There were pres ent: Grand President Miss Keith, Grand Secretary Miss Frakes and a number of members of other parlors. At the close of the installation there was dancing un der the direction of the following named committee: Mrs. Frances Griffiths, Mrs. Teresa Wagner, Mrs. C. McCarthy Mrs. Mary McCormick, Mrs. Llllie Biggs. Miss Annie Balz, Miss Mae Byrne. Mrs. Marie Larlos and Miss Annie Mc- Donough. ' i £?¦..- . Picnic of the Hackmen, . The second annual picnic of the-Hack men's Union will be held to-morrow at Shell Mound . Park. No member of the union will be allowed under any circum stances to drive his vehicle in a funeral o&ursday. A fine of $10 will be imposed for violation of the prohibitory order. The arrangements for the outing are be ing made by D.R Myers and J. Man ning. . . ' • " " « STOCKTON, July 22.— Gus, the 12-year-old son of G. Gianelli, was drowned this morning while bathing j in Mormon channel. executive council of the Amer 9 lean Federation of Labor con- II vened yesterday morning at the IL Grand Hotel. The. session was executive and occupied about three hours. At its conclusion President Gompers gave the following summary of the proceedings:' Those present were: Samuel Gompers, pres ident of the federation, representing the Cigar makers' International Union; First Vice Presi dent James Duncan, representing the Interna tional Granite Cutters' Union; Third Vice Presi dent James McConnell, representing the Inter national Machinists' Association; Fourth Vice President Max Morris of the Retail Clerks' In ternational Association; Fifth Vice President Thomas I. Kidd of the Amalgamated Associa tion of Woodworkers, and Treasurer John B. Lennon of the International Journeymen Tail ors' Union. Vice President John Mitchell was detained in the East by reason of the strike of the anthra cite coal miners. Vice President D. A. Hayes of the International Glass Blowers' Union is now in conference with the glass manufacturers as to the wage scale -of that trade. Secretary Frank Morrison is at the headquarters of the American Federation in Washington. Vice President Morris was elected secretary pro tern. The first case tinder the consideration of the executive council was that of the charges made by the Steamboat Joiners' Union No. 8186 against the Shipwrights' and Calkers' Union No. 91 G2. Edward Case appeared in behalf of the latter union. The executive council decided that union 8186 be requested to appear and sus tain its charges, and in the event that it fails to appear a copy of the document submitted by Mr. Case shall be forwarded to the union, whose reply will be duly considered by the council. Mr. Case, in his statement, denied the charges of uafraternal conduct, and declared that wages were reduced before union 9162 was formed, and an Increase had occurred since that time. PROTESTS ARE HEARD. The next case was the protest of J. Eldredge and Albert Munro. representing the ship-build ers' unions of San Francisco and Vallejo, against the attempt of the Boiler-makers' and Iron Ship Builders' Union to extend their juris diction over the drillers and cappers. Several applications for charters for such unions are now pending. The claim of Jurisdiction made by the brotherhood was presented at the Scran ton convention of the American Federation of Labor and was not allowed. The executive council therefore decided that in the question of the protest against issuing charters to drill ers' and cappers' unions the president be au thorized to continue issuing such charters, as the alleged jurisdiction of the boiler-makers and iron ship builders was not well established. A committee consisting of W. A. Cole, Guy Lathrop and E. Q. Smith, representing the Dis trict Council of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America, appeared before the executive council relative to the ex isting conditions in the building trades and the differences in the labor movement in San Fran cisco. The council decided to Invite representa tives of the various organizations In Interest to meet the executive council in conference at 2 o'clock Wednesday afternoon. A recess was then taken until 2:30 this afternoon. At the close of the afternoon session, which opened at 2 o'clock and did not ad journ until 6:30 o'clock. President Gom pers gave out the following statement: The afternoon session of the executive coun cil was resumed at 2 o'clock, all members be ing present. A communication was read from the official magazine of the American Feder ation of Labor showing that the financial re sults of the publication of the magazine hav* been advantageous to the organization and that the business public as well as the work ers and thinkers now regard the American Federationalist as the leading magazine in economics and the representative of the senti ments of the American labor movement. REPORT OF SECRETARY. Secretary Frank Morrison transmitted by mail his report of the receipts and expenses for the American Federation of Labor for eight months ending June 30. The income was $96,633 41. The expenditures for organizers and literature for the past eight months was $65,891 42. leaving a handsome balance. There were issued from headquarters during that period 718 charters, of which ten were na tional and international unions, five were State branches, eighty-seven were central labor unions or councils, and 616 were local unions, of. which there were ' no national or interna tional trade unions. This does not include the charters issued by the ninety-one national and international unions to local unions of their respective trades. .The report shows an increase of 376 charters issued ¦ to new unions durins the same period last year. Ten o'clock Wednesday morning is set for the hearing of the Brotherhood of Railway Em ployes applying for a charter. Invitations have been extended to the San Francisco labor Ccundl to be present. . The Building Trades Council and the District Council of the United Brotherhood of Carpen tprs and Joiners are to meet the executive council of the American Federation of Labor Wednesday afternoon. COMPLAINS OF HACKMEN. A committee from the Odd Fellows' Cemetery Association, accompanied by George R. Fletch er, the manager, appeared before the* council In regard to a complaint which that association makes, against one of the labor organizations' for placing their cemetery association on the unfair list. The council has deputized two of the local men to see representatives of the or ganization referred to, namely the Hackmen's and Stablemen's Union, and invite them to meet in conference to discuss the matter, with a view to adjusting the difficulty. A telegram was received from Timothy Healy, vice president of the Firemen's Interna tional Union, in which he informed the execu tive council that the brewery workers in New York are now in line with the engineers' and Bremen's unions of that city and that contracts are being signed every day with the employing brewers, unionizing their plants. Healy closes by saying: "We heartily thank you and the ex ecutive council for your action in this matter/* A circular was received which was issued by the Central Body of Milwaukee urging other central bodies to favor new federations of cen tral bodies exclusively. The executive commit tee was of the opinion that this would be very prejudicial to the labor movement. Inasmuch as the central bodies have their opportunities to voice their sentiments In the convention of the American Federation of ' Labor the council looked on the matter as being entirely at vari ance with the interests of the workers of the country and tending to divert and divide in stead of uniting the movement. COUNCIL WILL NOT ACT. The matter of the revocation of the charter of the National Association of Steam and Hot Water Fitters was taken up. It was decided that inasmuch as neither that association nor the United Association of Plumbers and Gas fitters' and Steam Fitters' Helpers have com plied with the terms of the decision rendered by the convention and the executive council at its previous session, action in the matter should be deferred until more definite Information is furnished the executive council. A telegram was received from John Mitchell, president, and W. B. Wilson, secretary of the United Mine Workers, requesting . the indorse ment of the executive council to an appeal of Imagine if you can an individual working man securing redress at the hands of a corpo ration employing 5000 men. He would simply find himself throjvn out into the street. Union ism makes one .man out of thousands, and con verts them into a mighty engine whose force is irresistible. If we have a . taste of the im- If there be any who doubt' the marvelous progress made by the trade unions, ask your elders how they lived, how they fared, how they worked. You will then find that the progress has been such as will gladden the hearts of those who took part : in the early struggles of the movement. It has always been tho policy of tyranny to keep the masses in Ignorance. . Don't you know that tyranny has been swept aside by the intelligence of the people? (Applause.) It is one; of the reasons why we are moving along- to secure the enact ment of a law to take away from the fac tories the children whose bones and blood are being ground into dollars to satisfy the unsa tlable greed of the monsters of commerce. (Cheers.) We want to save these children for the schoolroom and playground. (A voice, "We do!") If all men were honest the need of such enactments would not -exist. Proud am I of our achievements In Kentucky and Tennessee, which have been added to the galaxy of States that refuse to have the little children ground into dust for the sake of gain. PROGRESS OF UNIONISM. The invention of machinery^ the division and subdivision of labor, the application of the forces of steam and electricity, the thought of limiting the hours of labor, .were unknown to the captains of industry of the olden times. The modern industry chained women to - tho wagons, took children from the schoolroom and placed them in the factories. Conditions such as these confronted modern unionism In its inception and yet you all know how the principle grew. The trade union movement is the natural, the historic development of the wage earners' struggle from time Immemorial for Justice among men. We have been charged with being slow. Yes, we are slow in mak ing fools of ourselves, slow In diverting our movement from the express train to the shunt ing board. Where Is a movement that has achieved the success of the trade union move ment? It is not generally known that the pub lic schools owe their origin to the first efforts of the trades unions in the United States. (Ap plause.) If I were not moved by your cordial and hearty reception I think I would be less than a man, less than human. I could have wished for the purpose I had in view that' your wel come had been perhaps a little less enthusias tic. I sincerely feel the manifestation of your good will, and I can only hope that the work I have done merits in a small way the confidence of my fellow workingmen. (Applause.) It is the deep seated conviction of men and women that in the organization of labor they will find the embodiment of their hopes for the future. For a minute I want to go back into the history of the world like Duncan did. (Laugh ter.) There was a time long before the con quest, the tima when the tools of labor and the weapons of warfare were one and the same; when tho conquerors could not afford to let the conquered live. The first great ad vance in the history of the human race was when men began to note the difference between the tools of labor and the weapons of warfare. When they noted this difference men began to work out their own salvation and the prin ciple has been working along ever since. (Ap plause.) ¦ The chairman next introduced Gompers as the head of the great labor movement !n America. When Gompers advanced to speak he was given an ovation. When the applause subsided he said: GOMPERS' STRONG ADDRESS. The speaker alluded to the labor legis lation in Congress, notably the eight-hour law, which was agitated some thirty years ago. He closed with the state ment that the labor movement stood for social democracy, and voiced the prayer that it would succeed. We are going to make our unions a factor in human affairs. We are going to have such a strength as will make the politicians come to us and ask what we are going to do. The cause of unionism in the past fifteen years has benefited the men of my trade in this country to the extent of $16,865,000. There may be many boom towns between Boston and San Francisco, but where will you find any thing that has benefited the residents of any of these towns to that extent? Unionism has given . us better laws, shortened the hours of labor, with better pay, and occasionally as sisted in electing Mayors, as you did in San Francisco. (Cheers.) The trade union stands lor progression and the uplifting of the labor ing man. from an unwilling King by a progressive peo ple. This was followed by the guilds ,and in their turn came the co-operative groups. These developed in time into the unions of the trades which we have to-day. (Applause.) President of the American Federation of Labor Criticizes Exclusion Law* • In closing the speaker alluded to the battle of the coal miners In the anthra cite regions and made a strong appeal to union men to support these men in their struggle for subsistence. He then referred to the political aspect of trade unionism and urged that the cause of the labor union should ever be kept free from the influence of partisan politics. No union man could find salvation in casting his vote one day and neglecting his union for the balance of the year. What was needed was not the ? unity of labor in San Francisco or California, but the unity of the labor of the entire country. Upon the shoulders of the workers of t tie land devolved the battle for the liberty 01 the masses. The working classes could gain freedom only by uniting together in a common cause.- 1 The peroration was ex cellently spoken and at the close ' of hl3 BATTLE OF COAL-MimBRS. There are some who would open the '. doors of our country to admit hordes so that they might overwhelm the worklngmen of the land. The people of California do not know to what degree they have been bunkoed in Congress by this so-called exclusion legis lation. The exclusionists had to fight strenu ously and battle even against your Repre sentatives In order to show them the cat hid den In the measure Just passed. Tou have a law that talks exclusion but does not exclude. There are few who know • what the law pro vides, ' but there are many who know what it does not provide. It is a crazy patchwork af fair that can accomplish little good and yet do incalculable harm. You ask, why do you strike? Why, there are times when men would be traitors and cowards did they not strike. Strikes should be avoided If possible, but I tell you there are some things worse than strikes and among them is a debased manhood. We don't want to strike, but we realize that those who are best prepared to strike have the least occa sion to Indulge In that Questionable luxury. Wo don't want to strike, bu* there are times when It Is absolutely necessary to do so. Eng land is always ready to strike and does so when necessary. A union that Is not prepared to strike when the time arrives reminds me of the regiment in the Cast that passed a reso lution to disband as soon at tho war with Spain broke out. (Applause.) Tou had a strike here some time ago. It might have been avoid ed had the employers displayed good common sense and a decent regard for the welfare of their employes. (Cheers.) We would by law or common consent eliminate strikes from the incidents of our daily life. We want to avert strikes, but so long ai our modern industrial system prevails we mint resort to them onca in a- while. • Had you not struck here last sum mer there is no telling to what degrading depths the Employers' Association might have driven the worklngmen of California. ' Where /strikes do not prevail you will find the most degraded type of workirigmen. They do not strike in China. (Laughter). There are many who would like to Chlnaize the American work ingman and who have tried it, too. Long hours and low wages go hand In hand together, and if the two are a type of an ideal civiliza tion then China stands at the head. .WHY MEN STRIKE. As a matter of fact, the effort of the human family of our time, intellectually and indus trially, is in the direction of organization. The manufactures and all kinds of Industry are di rected by a few minds. If these corporations find It profitable to centralize their Interests, how much more important is It for the work ingmen of the country to organize in their own defense. What is an organization of doctors in a medical society but a trade union? Haven't our friends of the law a union? They call It a bar association because it sounds better. (Ap plause.) In a court of Justice the Judge acting as walking delegate of the lawyers' union would not ask the attorney for his working card but for his diploma .because that sounds nicer. If he did not have that card he could not work In that Justice shop. (Laughter.) The principle of trade unionism is founded upon hunger — hunger for better home and surround ings, hunger to do right, hunger for a better and purer life, hunger for more and more. There is no limit to the demand of the working man for more. We shall want more to-morrow, more next year, and when the tolling masses of the country get that they will still want more — more Justice, more of the rights which they now demand in vain. It will be the aim of unionism to satisfy people in this regard, and It will succeed In its object. Why expend all the bitterness and curses upon the producing masses when they ask for more, when those who have hundreds of millions are • asking for the earth? Why should we stand by those who pray for us five minutes one day and prey upon us during the balance of the week? (Laugh ter.) With the sense'of ancient suffering, the principle of unionism lives In the hearts of the tollers of the land, and no amount of perse cution will wipe out the movement. We have made too many eleht-hour workmen for them to allow their organization to be destroyed. (Applause.) CARMEN ARRIVE IN HALL. The arrival of the Carmen's Union, 1000 strongr, with a brass band, interrupted the speaker at this juncture. The band marched into the gallery to the tune of "Red, White and Blue." The carmen were cheered, and when Mayor Schmitz took a seat on the stages- a trenfendous cheer arose. The tumult for some'min utes, was deafening and when order was restored Chairman Macarthur' proposed three cheers for the carmen of San Francisco and they were given with a will. Gompers then resumed his address with the statement that he never could talk to beat the band. He then resumed: provements that are to come, we will not be surprised when they appear. There Is no finality; it 1b one continuous struggle of the human race to overcome obstacles and to solve problems. As we get more grit and ability to tight we will have less occasion to use -these qualities. With a stern determination to make the burdens of life lighter, the cause of union ism inarches on. (Applause.) We do not work with blares of trumpets nor do we issue high sounding platitudes to advertise ourselves. Executive Council Consid ers Carpenters' Fight. THE SAN FBAISCISCO CALL, WEDNESDAY, JULY 23, 1902. » 3 KEMP'S SUPPOSITORIES. OF INTEREST TO HUSBANDS. tWhat should interest a husband more than the state of his wife's health? It ought to be his first consideration, for a peev- ish, fretful, irritable wife insures puny, nervous children, who often 11 va to rue the day they were born, because ill-health dogs their every stap. It is a man's duty, as well as a woman's, not only to their children, but to their Creator, to have the body in a healthy condition. "Where backaches, headaches, dizziness, petulance, etc.. exist, they are «ure indications of something more serious and are but the fore-runners of an early grave. If not attended to promptly. 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