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|Pwe are required to drill— wfc 7,. we'll drill, that's all. v' : . ,>
!j I don't care whether we &o it two hours a week as now or five v . 11 hours as may be required. It'jsj all the same, to hte.^;-- ; ¦ v.r^-V" I don't see why anybody should object, though;- tp haying it every college day but one. Whit's, five hours! drill -a jwisektda lot of young men? • It can't hurt anybody.' * . " :?. >r?^- The War Department furnishes this university with, almost' a hundred thousand dollars a year. If we should say to them; "We can't drill five times a.we'ekfof a hundred thousand dollars,"' they might reply to us, "Try drilling ten times a week for* half the sum, .',„ then." I shouldn't blame them if they did. i ' *> ; "*' ; ' .. A hundred thousand dollars is a lot of money for the little work that two hours a week is. : That hundred thousand goes to the agricultural and mechanical colleges and to the drill. • What Captain Henry de H .Waite Has to Say About the Matter. during the last hour of the forenoon, tho boys of the first three years have: donned . their : smart blue uniforms (except,: alas, '¦. the freshmen, who must be drilled as an awkward squad in % any clothes they hap- already . have a lot of physical training work besides the military drill. We don't need so much. This order is overdoing tho thing. •'Of course, if we've got to, we've got to. mamma. Whether the protesting youths and the walling sweethearts and the anxious mammas will have things their way in what time alone will tell. The professors , say there Is no way out . of the matter. They must all obey If the wax college board insists. It has issued its new mil itary regulations from Washington arid from clear across a great continent those few words have upset a . big university and put it Into a state of discontent and states more strenuous for that matter. Although the orders sounded final ei.ough to the naked, ear, there Is still doubt as to whether they .will be carried, out. ft they must be they must; the uni versity enjoys its grant, from Congress, and it is not going to give up that grant after this score and more of years.; But' there are those who cling to the hope that worse may never come to worst, as they look upon It, and that the Unlvers-* ity of California will not be turned into a military school. . / .•".'- ' ' , For that is what they fear. They say, these protesting students, that if they had wanted, to go to West Point or, any /mil-' ltary academy they would have* taken measures to d<S . so. % They .wanted to^ come . to a 'university.' That's different. They don't want' to ; Join Uncle Sam's ranks. They could have^ volunteered if- they, had been ; desirous of a soldier life. They are' students, not fighters. They don't want to drill 1 five times a week. . r • During" all. the years that Berkeley has contained a State university '¦ It has been a semi- weekly event to drill if you are a boy and to watch others drill if you- are a girl. On Monday and on -Wednesday, But all the students are grumbling 1 . It'i safe to say that wa have voiced their general opinion. Don't you say so?" Th« others said so. They said so very forcibly. They had the* air of abused men. When they agreed that "if they have- to, they have to," they took on the look of martyrs led to the stake. When they agreed that "It is too much" a flash at defiance came into the. six official eyea. Ninety-eight thousand dollars per an num Is granted to the university because it has a grant from the Government. This money Is to be divided among the agri cultural and mechanical colleges and tha military department. It Is a big sum of money and it enables these departments to live well. Along with the privilege* goes the requirement that the men of the university shall drill. For years twice a week has been sufficient for drilling purposes. Now Uncle Sam may turn our varsity cadets into soldiers before) we know It, full-fledged soldiers such aa tha army schools themselves turn out. It sounds -very pretty, but on the other hand, is that what the boys go to Berke ley for? If the orders go Into effect, it amounts to turning our University of California into a little military post. -Which sounds odd. The professors all say the same tbat~ Captain Waite says. It would not do for any of them to eay anything else. They have to be polite about the grant, and they cannot look a gift horse in tha mouth. They must abide by the Wash ington regulations and they must, more over, accept them cheerfully. Captain Waite is a retired officer who came to Berkeley two years ago. it was ordered lately that he should leave, but the order was revoked almost immediate ly. This was a large slice of consolation tu th* students, for they \ have grown greatly attached to him since that day two years ago when President Wheeler presented him to the cadets in uniform, drawn up before the flagstaff. "Under the authority of the United States Government I place In command of this regiment a man who 13 celebrated la his profession." said the president.' "Gentlemen, I am very proud and happy to be placed in command of such a body of men." said the officer, and then thera were three cheers that burst from lusty young lungs and boded well. Lieutenant Colman had left them when the Spanish war broke out and these boys had been without military instruction from that time until 1900. So they wel comed the new commandant with their whole hearts. \ . . * They are glad enough that he 13 to b« with them . now In their difficulties. But even that does not content them with drilling five times a week. 1 Still the question that echoes from ha»SJ to hall and all over the campus is the pen to have to their backs, be they bull ness suit or sweater) and have inarched forth to the •music of the military band. With their owrt officers in charge of their companies and the whole under the com mand of a ¦ military instructor, whom Washington furnitshes, th.ey have gone gajfly forth to the big field and have there m&de smart pictures of themselves in their long lines and wheels and counter niitrchine.' VGujde right!" "Left dress !" "Shoulder arms!" Th« co-eds have .gurgled and admired from the. bleachers.' They have brought such a plenty of enthusiasm to the drill ( th,at the boys have never thought of be h:R bcred by the requirement. Twice a week, was not bad when you bad a bevy of pretty girls to admire you. But five times ia week-T-that's different > A group of prominent officers, students of standing in the university, were Inter viewed on the subject. '•We won't tel}' you a word unless you' . promise not to give our names away," ' said their spokesman. "If it were known that we said what we are going to we'd be hauled up before a committed of the faculty and goodness only know* what would happen to us. We haven't any right to complain. We are military of ficers, under military command, and the. first thing we are taught is to obey. It's a case of 'Theirs not to make reply. theirs not to reason why.' But here's what we think: ,. "Five times a week Is too much to drill. We haven't time. It takes too many hours away from our regular studies. "Besides,- it's too much exercise. W» THIS is the bun of Berkeley nowa days. To drill or not to drill— some twenty-flve hundred odd university students are discussing it. Captain Walte says there is nothing about it to discuss. He says, as you may read on this page, that he doesn't care Trhat happens. He'd just as soon drill or not drill, as the powers that be may decide it for him. He furthermore . says that there would be no use wishing or arguing even if he wanted to, for those same powers are taking the matter Into their own hands and they will do as they please about the whole thing. "We're pretty well off, drill or no drill," Is the gist of the captain's decision. ryt NEGATIVE may be very quickly £ I dried after washing by the use of r— I alcohol, but the mistake is often V» 1 made of immersing the negative JL in a dish of alcohol instead of flowing the spirits over the plate and al lowing it to run off at one -corner. >The whole theory of drying a film by the ap plication of alcohol is that the water con tained in the film is driven out by the application of the spirits, and the only proper way to apply it is to hold the neg etive In one hand, and gently pour a little alcohol from the bottle on the surface of the film, allowing It to run from one comer across the plate and off . at the lower corner. In this way, and in this way only, the water is forced from the film and the alcohol which remains dries in a very few moments. . • In the photographing of horses, dogs or domestic animals of any kind It is just # as important that they should be posed and made to »'look pleasant" as in the case of individuals. Unless some method is provided for attracting the attention and holding it 'for the few brief seconds cf exposure it is a foregone conclusion that the animal being photographed will lack life, interest and spirit in the result ing picture. In all cases where pets or animals of any kind are to be the central objects of a picture there should be some cne "besides' the photographer to devote his or her entire attention to the subject. Wherever it is possible focus should be obtained upon the spot to be occupied by the animal before It is placed in posi tion and then, when once located, its at tention should be aroused and fixed In a direction somewhat away from the cam era itself. If this is attended to by some one who is familiar with the animal's habits, the characteristics will be much mere, apt to be emphasized, and another great advantage that this method has is that It leaves the photographer free to devote his whole attention to the camera. A great many photographs of such sub jects as this fail utterly of interest and v&lue . simply from the omission of this very simple treatment. ' • In the photographing of interiors where windows or objects with bright reflected surfaces come into view, or In out-of door exposures : where trees or buildings are . photographed against a clear .'sky line the non-halation or backed plates will be found almost indispensable. Sub jects of this kind photographed on an ordinary plate frequently present blurred Elipearances around the edges of win dows or reflecting surfaces, due to the ac tion of the light passing through the Him end being reflected at -an angle from the inner surface of the grlass plate back to the under surface of the film, acting al .,. .... most as a double exposure would upon the edges of the Illuminated portion'of the bright object. This may be avoided to a very large de gree by the use of non-halation plates, or If such are not available, the ordinary dry plates may be prepared In the follow !npr manner: Mix a fairly thick paste made up of equal parts of caramel and whatever mountant Is used for mounting photographs. Apply (In the darkroom) enough of this dark colored paste to the glass side or back of the plate to thor oughly smear it over. This may be done either with a brush, sponge or piece of zoft cloth. When this has been evenly and thinly laid upon the glass, place on it a piece of red tissue-paper or postofnee paper cut to the size of the plate and in sert the plate in the holder. The paper will protect the holder and keep the car . amel backing from being removed. After the exposure has been made and before the plates are developed, the paper must, of course, be removed and the caramel covering wiped from the back of the plate with a damp sponge. Care must be exercised in this operation that no traces of the caramel are allowed to get on the film side of the dry plate. Those who have experienced difficulty in photographing interiors with windows and subjects of a light nature will find this, method of working a material assistance to them. One of the most Important lessons that the beginner can learn is that an expens ive lens is not nearly as important a fea ture In a good photograph as a knowledge of how properly to use an Inexpensive one. This Is demonstrated every day by the examination of photographs made by beginners and experienced workers with lenses of all kinds and prices. It will, as often as not, be found that some of the finest work Is produced by the less ex pensive lenses and the whole secret lies in the fact that the user of the low priced lens knows the limitations of his instru ment and how to get the most out of rt while the possessor of the m'pre expensive instrument is very likely to'cohtent him self with the thought that If the lens is an expensive one the results may be left to take care of themselves. Twenty-five cents and a little time spent in obtaining and reading the proper kind of a text book is productive of better results than 526 added to the cost of a lens,.' without a knowledge of how properly to use it. "Help!" "Help!" came the cry of dis tress through the midnight stillness. The policeman in the neighboring door way stirred uneasily. "Advertise in the want column," he muttered, and resumed his nap.— Philadelphia Press. Photographs Pointers for Amateurs "We'd better accept what comes to us and be thankfuL" But the twenty-five hundred don't look at the matter in any such calm and phil osophical light. They , are arguing and contending and debating and talking it over and fuming and sputtering and com plaining and in general what ! one freshmen, terms ."registering a kick." "There's no sense m it," says one. '. "It's all tommyrot," says another. "Like to know what 'we came to tha university for." growls : a freshman. -'.. "Our time Is too valuable," objects a senior officer. ; ji , ,. . :; "Rob won't have a minute left for me," wails a co-ed. - "The dear boy will be so exhausted with all that marching," complains a fond ¦ '¦ ; ¦¦ •¦.:" ¦ ¦',-.- • ¦¦¦-." > : j.. THE ; STTNBAY ¦ CAIili:^ 10 SHALL WE DRILL EVERY DAY?