|Pwe are required to drill— wfc 7,. we'll drill, that's all. v' : . ,>
!j I don't care whether we &o it two hours a week as now or five v .
11 hours as may be required. It'jsj all the same, to hte.^;-- ; ¦ v.r^-V"
I don't see why anybody should object, though;- tp haying it
every college day but one. Whit's, five hours! drill -a jwisektda lot
of young men? • It can't hurt anybody.' * . " :?. >r?^-
The War Department furnishes this university with, almost' a
hundred thousand dollars a year. If we should say to them; "We
can't drill five times a.we'ekfof a hundred thousand dollars,"' they
might reply to us, "Try drilling ten times a week for* half the sum, .',„
then." I shouldn't blame them if they did. i ' *> ; "*' ; ' ..
A hundred thousand dollars is a lot of money for the little
work that two hours a week is. : That hundred thousand goes to the
agricultural and mechanical colleges and to the drill. •
What Captain Henry de H .Waite
Has to Say About the Matter.
during the last hour of the forenoon, tho
boys of the first three years have: donned .
their : smart blue uniforms (except,: alas, '¦.
the freshmen, who must be drilled as an
awkward squad in % any clothes they hap-
already . have a lot of physical training
work besides the military drill. We don't
need so much. This order is overdoing
•'Of course, if we've got to, we've got to.
Whether the protesting youths and the
walling sweethearts and the anxious
mammas will have things their way in
what time alone will tell. The professors ,
say there Is no way out . of the matter.
They must all obey If the wax college
board insists. It has issued its new mil
itary regulations from Washington arid
from clear across a great continent those
few words have upset a . big university
and put it Into a state of discontent and
states more strenuous for that matter.
Although the orders sounded final
ei.ough to the naked, ear, there Is still
doubt as to whether they .will be carried,
out. ft they must be they must; the uni
versity enjoys its grant, from Congress,
and it is not going to give up that grant
after this score and more of years.; But'
there are those who cling to the hope
that worse may never come to worst, as
they look upon It, and that the Unlvers-*
ity of California will not be turned into
a military school. . / .•".'- ' ' ,
For that is what they fear. They say,
these protesting students, that if they had
wanted, to go to West Point or, any /mil-'
ltary academy they would have* taken
measures to d<S . so. % They .wanted to^ come .
to a 'university.' That's different. They
don't want' to ; Join Uncle Sam's ranks.
They could have^ volunteered if- they, had
been ; desirous of a soldier life. They are'
students, not fighters. They don't want
to drill 1 five times a week. . r •
During" all. the years that Berkeley has
contained a State university '¦ It has been
a semi- weekly event to drill if you are
a boy and to watch others drill if you- are
a girl. On Monday and on -Wednesday,
But all the students are grumbling 1 . It'i
safe to say that wa have voiced their
general opinion. Don't you say so?"
Th« others said so. They said so very
forcibly. They had the* air of abused men.
When they agreed that "if they have- to,
they have to," they took on the look of
martyrs led to the stake. When they
agreed that "It is too much" a flash at
defiance came into the. six official eyea.
Ninety-eight thousand dollars per an
num Is granted to the university because
it has a grant from the Government. This
money Is to be divided among the agri
cultural and mechanical colleges and tha
military department. It Is a big sum of
money and it enables these departments
to live well. Along with the privilege*
goes the requirement that the men of the
university shall drill. For years twice
a week has been sufficient for drilling
purposes. Now Uncle Sam may turn our
varsity cadets into soldiers before) we
know It, full-fledged soldiers such aa tha
army schools themselves turn out.
It sounds -very pretty, but on the other
hand, is that what the boys go to Berke
If the orders go Into effect, it amounts
to turning our University of California
into a little military post. -Which sounds
The professors all say the same tbat~
Captain Waite says. It would not do for
any of them to eay anything else. They
have to be polite about the grant, and
they cannot look a gift horse in tha
mouth. They must abide by the Wash
ington regulations and they must, more
over, accept them cheerfully.
Captain Waite is a retired officer who
came to Berkeley two years ago. it was
ordered lately that he should leave, but
the order was revoked almost immediate
ly. This was a large slice of consolation
tu th* students, for they \ have grown
greatly attached to him since that day
two years ago when President Wheeler
presented him to the cadets in uniform,
drawn up before the flagstaff.
"Under the authority of the United
States Government I place In command of
this regiment a man who 13 celebrated la
his profession." said the president.'
"Gentlemen, I am very proud and happy
to be placed in command of such a body
of men." said the officer, and then thera
were three cheers that burst from lusty
young lungs and boded well.
Lieutenant Colman had left them when
the Spanish war broke out and these boys
had been without military instruction
from that time until 1900. So they wel
comed the new commandant with their
whole hearts. \ . . *
They are glad enough that he 13 to b«
with them . now In their difficulties.
But even that does not content them
with drilling five times a week. 1
Still the question that echoes from ha»SJ
to hall and all over the campus is the
pen to have to their backs, be they bull
ness suit or sweater) and have inarched
forth to the •music of the military band.
With their owrt officers in charge of their
companies and the whole under the com
mand of a ¦ military instructor, whom
Washington furnitshes, th.ey have gone
gajfly forth to the big field and have there
m&de smart pictures of themselves in
their long lines and wheels and counter
"Left dress !"
Th« co-eds have .gurgled and admired
from the. bleachers.' They have brought
such a plenty of enthusiasm to the drill (
th,at the boys have never thought of be
h:R bcred by the requirement. Twice a
week, was not bad when you bad a bevy
of pretty girls to admire you. But five
times ia week-T-that's different
> A group of prominent officers, students
of standing in the university, were Inter
viewed on the subject.
'•We won't tel}' you a word unless you'
. promise not to give our names away," '
said their spokesman. "If it were known
that we said what we are going to we'd
be hauled up before a committed of the
faculty and goodness only know* what
would happen to us. We haven't any
right to complain. We are military of
ficers, under military command, and the.
first thing we are taught is to obey. It's
a case of 'Theirs not to make reply.
theirs not to reason why.' But here's
what we think: ,.
"Five times a week Is too much to drill.
We haven't time. It takes too many
hours away from our regular studies.
"Besides,- it's too much exercise. W»
THIS is the bun of Berkeley nowa
To drill or not to drill— some
twenty-flve hundred odd university
students are discussing it.
Captain Walte says there is nothing
about it to discuss. He says, as you may
read on this page, that he doesn't care
Trhat happens. He'd just as soon drill
or not drill, as the powers that be may
decide it for him. He furthermore . says
that there would be no use wishing or
arguing even if he wanted to, for those
same powers are taking the matter Into
their own hands and they will do as they
please about the whole thing.
"We're pretty well off, drill or no drill,"
Is the gist of the captain's decision.
ryt NEGATIVE may be very quickly
£ I dried after washing by the use of
r— I alcohol, but the mistake is often
V» 1 made of immersing the negative
JL in a dish of alcohol instead of
flowing the spirits over the plate and al
lowing it to run off at one -corner. >The
whole theory of drying a film by the ap
plication of alcohol is that the water con
tained in the film is driven out by the
application of the spirits, and the only
proper way to apply it is to hold the neg
etive In one hand, and gently pour a little
alcohol from the bottle on the surface
of the film, allowing It to run from one
comer across the plate and off . at the
lower corner. In this way, and in this
way only, the water is forced from the
film and the alcohol which remains dries
in a very few moments. . •
In the photographing of horses, dogs or
domestic animals of any kind It is just
# as important that they should be posed
and made to »'look pleasant" as in the
case of individuals. Unless some method
is provided for attracting the attention
and holding it 'for the few brief seconds
cf exposure it is a foregone conclusion
that the animal being photographed will
lack life, interest and spirit in the result
ing picture. In all cases where pets or
animals of any kind are to be the central
objects of a picture there should be some
cne "besides' the photographer to devote
his or her entire attention to the subject.
Wherever it is possible focus should be
obtained upon the spot to be occupied by
the animal before It is placed in posi
tion and then, when once located, its at
tention should be aroused and fixed In a
direction somewhat away from the cam
era itself. If this is attended to by some
one who is familiar with the animal's
habits, the characteristics will be much
mere, apt to be emphasized, and another
great advantage that this method has is
that It leaves the photographer free to
devote his whole attention to the camera.
A great many photographs of such sub
jects as this fail utterly of interest and
v&lue . simply from the omission of this
very simple treatment. ' •
In the photographing of interiors where
windows or objects with bright reflected
surfaces come into view, or In out-of
door exposures : where trees or buildings
are . photographed against a clear .'sky
line the non-halation or backed plates
will be found almost indispensable. Sub
jects of this kind photographed on an
ordinary plate frequently present blurred
Elipearances around the edges of win
dows or reflecting surfaces, due to the ac
tion of the light passing through the Him
end being reflected at -an angle from the
inner surface of the grlass plate back to
the under surface of the film, acting al
most as a double exposure would upon
the edges of the Illuminated portion'of the
This may be avoided to a very large de
gree by the use of non-halation plates, or
If such are not available, the ordinary
dry plates may be prepared In the follow
!npr manner: Mix a fairly thick paste
made up of equal parts of caramel and
whatever mountant Is used for mounting
photographs. Apply (In the darkroom)
enough of this dark colored paste to the
glass side or back of the plate to thor
oughly smear it over. This may be done
either with a brush, sponge or piece of
zoft cloth. When this has been evenly
and thinly laid upon the glass, place on it
a piece of red tissue-paper or postofnee
paper cut to the size of the plate and in
sert the plate in the holder. The paper
will protect the holder and keep the car
. amel backing from being removed. After
the exposure has been made and before
the plates are developed, the paper must,
of course, be removed and the caramel
covering wiped from the back of the plate
with a damp sponge.
Care must be exercised in this operation
that no traces of the caramel are allowed
to get on the film side of the dry plate.
Those who have experienced difficulty in
photographing interiors with windows and
subjects of a light nature will find this,
method of working a material assistance
One of the most Important lessons that
the beginner can learn is that an expens
ive lens is not nearly as important a fea
ture In a good photograph as a knowledge
of how properly to use an Inexpensive
one. This Is demonstrated every day by
the examination of photographs made by
beginners and experienced workers with
lenses of all kinds and prices. It will,
as often as not, be found that some of the
finest work Is produced by the less ex
pensive lenses and the whole secret lies
in the fact that the user of the low priced
lens knows the limitations of his instru
ment and how to get the most out of rt
while the possessor of the m'pre expensive
instrument is very likely to'cohtent him
self with the thought that If the lens is
an expensive one the results may be left
to take care of themselves. Twenty-five
cents and a little time spent in obtaining
and reading the proper kind of a text
book is productive of better results than
526 added to the cost of a lens,.' without a
knowledge of how properly to use it.
"Help!" "Help!" came the cry of dis
tress through the midnight stillness.
The policeman in the neighboring door
way stirred uneasily. "Advertise in the
want column," he muttered, and resumed
his nap.— Philadelphia Press.
Photographs Pointers for Amateurs
"We'd better accept what comes to us
and be thankfuL"
But the twenty-five hundred don't look
at the matter in any such calm and phil
osophical light. They , are arguing and
contending and debating and talking it
over and fuming and sputtering and com
plaining and in general what ! one
freshmen, terms ."registering a kick."
"There's no sense m it," says one. '.
"It's all tommyrot," says another.
"Like to know what 'we came to tha
university for." growls : a freshman. -'..
"Our time Is too valuable," objects a
senior officer. ; ji , ,. . :;
"Rob won't have a minute left for me,"
wails a co-ed. -
"The dear boy will be so exhausted with
all that marching," complains a fond
¦ '¦ ; ¦¦ •¦.:" ¦ ¦',-.- • ¦¦¦-." > : j..
THE ; STTNBAY ¦ CAIili:^
SHALL WE DRILL EVERY DAY?
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