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Increases Customs Duties.
-MANAGUA, Nicaragua," Nov. 20.— As a consequence , of the fluctuation in the price of silver, the Nicarafroan Govern ment has to-day Increased the customs duties by ISO per cent. - I Washington;- Nov. 2o:-A. ; Lazo Arriga, the Minister from Guatemala, has just received from his Government letters and- telegrams stating that, the reports published in this country about MINISTER SAYS ACCOUNTS ARE EXAGGERATED ANARCHY MAY FOLLOW AWFUL WORK OF RUIN CALL BUREAU, 1406 G STREET, N. W., WASHINGTON, Nov.. 20.— Revolution, and j perhaps anarchy, is likely to. follow in the ' wake of the de struction wrought by the eruption of Santa . Maija, which* devastated . the cof fee districts of Guatemala. Through an official, source a. letter has been re ceived which shows that the country is probably totally ruined* and has at least received a ; setback from which it will not recover for years. 1 The letter says: "While the eruptions were in progress the feast V^of Minerva was being cele brated .-with great 7 merrymaking, in Guatemala City, and no effort was made by the Government to postpone it. This continuance of the hilarity at a time of national disaster "greatly incensed the people*. ; Serious civil'disturbances are threatened. Officials are now endeav oring~'.to prevent the truth from becom ing known.- The. loss of life is great, bu^the Government will not make pub lic the v number. -. "For twenty miles about the volcano ashes and mud fell, covering adjoining fincas, or coffee plantations, from three to ten feet deep, destroying not only the growing- trees; ¦ but also the future productiveness of -.the plantations. Within the zone .affected by the erup tion-rand; that is a practically | the entire coffee-bearing belt— nearly all the live stock was killed V by " the sulphurous fumes which were emitted 'from the crater. v i ;.-¦ .' ... . . \ ¦:¦ .. : :. , ' ¦ «,. •. , ' "People who are fleeing from .villages and towns/from^near the volcano !',,¦ de clare that the eruption came from small craters at the foot of the volcano and that the big volcano itself is still slum bering. That part of the country is de- Insane Man Seeks the Emperor. 'LONDON, Nov. ,20.— A special dispatch from .Vienna,'., "published ,,> to-day, . an nounced : that' a , well-dressed individual, evidently k insane, accosted a sentry on duty at * the entrance j of ' tho • Hof burg at midnight and said that he was the Em peror's; son Rudolph and that -he wished to see his Majesty.,, The stranger, who is said to' 'be a merchant of Hamburg, : was taken- to the 'guardroom A and r searched: A -, revolver j was . found ' in- his pocket and also 5 a .white, stave, v which he called his "magic wand." ,'," He was '¦- committed % to an? asylum. - - NEW *TORK, Nov. 20.— It was definitely stated In official quarters last evening that the control of the Manhattan Rail way Company has passed Into the hand3 o£ the Inter-Borough. Rapid Transit Com-*" pany, more familiarly known as the Sub way Company. An official statement to this effect will probably be Issued -within a few days. Negotiations having this ob ject In view have been secretly carried on for some time. Yesterday they reach ed a stage where the scheme Is assured. The consolidated company will have control and operate ninety-seven and three-fourths miles of .road located In Greater New York and controlling prac tically all the available franchises not possessed by the Metropolitan Street Railway Company. . • : Inter-Borough Rapid Transit Com pany of New York Secures the Manhattan Line. STBEET RAILROAD DEAL IS FINALLY COMPLETED O AX AC A, Mexico, Nov. 20. — A hurricane of terrific violence and great destructiveness has swept over the interior portion of the States of Oaxaca. and Chia pas. Many coffee plantations have been completely ruined. The losses on the Santa Rita and Morolos plantations, situ ated in the Juquita district, alone amount to more than $100,000. In the State of Chiapas-, where the ashes' from the Guatemala volcano Santa Maria had already wrought much damage to the coffee plantations, the hurricane completed the work of destruc tion. HURRICANE SWEEPS OVER PLANTATIONS -SAN JOSE, Nov. 20.— Fears are en tertained for the safety of a number of San Joseans at the Mordaunt coffee plantation, in the state of Chiapas, since the eruption of the . Santa 'Maria volcano. Captain Charles Mordaunt of this city and his wife and six children and Mrs. Charles Mordaunt Jr. and little son were at the plantation when last: heard, from." Their place is but forty miles fronV the Santa -Maria vol cano and twenty miles from Tapa chula. . v . 1 The last heard from ' the Mordaunt party was by letter dated there Septem ber 23. This was from Mrs. Charles Mordaunt Jr.; daughter of Police Cap tain Brown of this city, and was sent to her mother. In it -she states . that about two weeks before there was an earthquake that lasted forty-eight hours about. the first of September. , This de stroyed the Mordaunt home, and the family. were then living in tents. , Mrs. Mordaunt 'stated that the ground ; had opened ;in great fissures two feet wide, in which the, bottom could not be seen, GROUND OPENS AS EARTHQUAKE RUINS A HOME Tb,ese pensions were granted to-day- California: Original— Francis L. Pratt, Pomona, $10; Harry Cohen, San Francis co, $6 (war with Spain). Increase, reis sue, etc— George R. Crow, Los Angeles, $30; Irad M. Henderson, Santa Rosa, $3; Robert R. Moore, Los, Angeles, * $12! Widows, minors and 1 dependent relatives —Julia Roche, San Francisco, $8; Ellen D. Hall, Tras*, $8 (Mexican war). Ore gon: Increase, reissue, eta— William Rehtz, Port Orford, 512. Washington: Widows, minors and dependent relatives — Euretta J. McDonald, Issaquah, 58. Army order— Contract Surgeon Stephen M. Long goes from Alcatraz Island, Cali fornia, to F-ort Duchesne, Utah. . _%-. ; Station No. 54 of San Francisco post office will be established January 1, 1303, at 806 Devisadero street. WASHINGTON, Nov. 20.— Postmasters commissioned — California: Annie O. Rus sell, San Simon;' Christen H. Christensen, AKamont; Annie C. Bachels, Goodyears Bar. Oregon: Robert G. Hoffer, Cleone; "Walter E. Eakin, HopewelL Fourth class postmasters appointed: California: Charles E. Pillsbury. Amalie, Kern Coun ty, vice William E. Rogers, resigned; C. A. Mercer, Big Trees, Calaveras County, vice James M. Hutchlns, resigned. Several Changes Are Mads in tho Postal Service and More Pen sions Granted. OF INTEREST TO PEOPXE OF THE PACIFIC COAST Many other measures were indorsed in cluding the continuation of agitation in favor of the. mineral lands bill The resolution concerning the amendment of the statutes in reference to the location of mmlng claims is in full as follows: Resolved, That we heartily favor the amer,* ment of Sections 2319. 2320 and 232* ?£ Revised Statutes of the United States con cernlng the location of mining claims so tw=* the locator shall be accorded t reasonaWe and definite time within which to finally n£?k hU^urface boundaries on the ground; so that all local rues regulations and customs of min ers ; and all Stete and Territorial law on th- locations of mining claims shall be abolished and so. that while liberal provisions "hall he made for the protection of the locator, who holds and works his claim la good faith the law concerning annual assessment shall most effectually/ check the present Injurious prac tice of holding mining claims year after year without development. Be It further - Resolved. -That we recognize the Importance of the passage of such amendatory legislation and urge th* necesrfty of action upon our committee on , legislation and the California representatives of our national .Conjress. < LOCATION OF CLAIHS. In considering the much discussed Polar Star mine case the recommendation was that if the issues, constitute a denial of the right to operate a hydraulic mine un der the provisions, of the Caminettl law and a permit granted under its provis ions, the association shah proceed to test the Questions involved in the appellate court and that the executive committee of the association shall take the necessarv steps to have the Questions tested. That is concise, and as the association in con vention adopted the recommendation the time may not be far distant when the Polar Star case will lead definitely in one direction or another. . TRENTON, Mo. r , Nov. 20.— "W. B. Law rence, who, ,by misrepresenting himself as the agerit of State Superintendent Carrington, sold books to school districts in different parts of the State, was to-day convicted, of obtaining money under false pretenses and his punishment fixed at two years in the penitentiary. posed is to take from the- Governor the control that he now has in the matter of making appointments to the.- bureau and giving it to the trustees. Several appropriations were recommend ed that the interests of the miners and of the State might be promoted. The appropriations Include one for the State Mining Bureau, which has already been mentioned; appropriations by both the national and State governments for the construction of the additional debris dams ! sought for, one to determine how to best conserve the water resources of the State and one to provide for a fire patrol for protection of the forests. 6 It will be seen that the measures of the miners, as embodied in their resolu tions, ' are vigorous and that to carry them out to logical conclusion will neces sarily involve a great amount of work Sentence of a Swindler. LONDON, Nov. 20.— The Duke of Mari borough has resigned the office of pay master general and .has been succeeded by Sir Savile Crossley, M. P. The Duke's resignation is due to his impending departure for India to at tend the Delhi Durbar and has no polit ical significance. , Duke of Maryborough Besigns. the loss of lite and property caused by the eruption of the Santa Maria volcano are exaggerated. While it is true that a part of the present coffee crop- is lost, the dispatches say it is generally ex pected, that most of the plantations of the affected district will recuperate. The loss of life was ; very small, and the President of the republic from the first moment adopted ¦; the ' most energetic measures, of relief, ; which the dispatches say avoided considerable suffering and preserved peace and order in the af fected region. Minister. Lazo Arriga to-night em phatically denied reports that bands of rpbbers were swarming tne desolated sections, robbing" "a'nd^ murdering refu gees, and said the official correspond ence just received by him showed that such outrages could not be perpetrated. ~ "Decrees fixing the price of the ne cessities of life have been issued by the Government, but foreign houses have cabled canceling their orders. There fore, with* nothing coming in, God knows what will happen when the pres ent supplies . are exhausted; Exchange is very high, and Increasing at the rate of ( ioo per cent per day. • "Santa Maria is not the only volcano which threatens Guatemala. : Several others, including Fuego, at Antigua, are emitting smoke and showing other evi dences of unrest." This letter bears date of November i. It was said at the State Department that United States Consul .General McNally intends to leave Guatemala as soon as possible. He has made a report to the department dealing with conditions since the eruption, but because Guate : mala is a friendly nation he was re stricted from predicting its ruin. '. serted, the people coming to Guatemala City.- ..-; ; , .:.,¦... -Thomas Russell, Liberal-Unionist mem ber for'South Tyrone,' began another land ; campaign near Belfast early in October. He declared that 80 per cent of the land lords were ready to sell their land under ' a fair scheme and suggested a new babls for land purchase under which 1 the state would give $50,000,000 for the berfefit of •the landlords. Russell is opposed to home rule for Ireland. :.•¦•' • • / the head, but not -seriously injured. at Dromore last night. The riot- '. ers attacked the hall vrhere Russell had made his speech and caused him to seek ] refuge in a neighboring house, whence he tried to escape in a carriage. The mob discovered him and bombarded the ve hicle with stones. Russell was struck on a ¦ » ELF AST, Nov. 20.— Thomas Hus _Jj/ sell, the Unionist member of Par ""^ liament, -was storied' by a mob **«*>' after he had addressed a meeting "UNIONIST MEMBER OF THE BRITISH PARLIAMENT .WHO -WAS STONED BY X MOB} AFTEP^AliDRESSINQ^A, MEETING AT DRO . MORE, ONE MISSILE STRIKING HIM ON THE HEAD.' *•- Stock All Killed :"I know that all my stock was killed and all the stock in that "My place was at Los Quevas, about forty miles from Santa Maria. When the dust began to fall on October 24 I got right out and remained in Champerico un til it cleared up. I went back again and saw all I cared about in a, very short time. My place is absolutely ruined; From what I learned just before I left Chcftn perico the fall of ashes was still active. I think all of my 'mozos/ as we call the native laborers, es caped, but am not certain. . Instead of the Champerico Railroad he only had a mule, upon which he managed to reach the coast. All he possessed, says Captain Teme, was the travel stained suit in whiclvjie stood and the few dollars he had happened to have in his pocket when the ashes began to fall. 4 There are hundreds of. similar cases, and, according to Captain Teme, but very few of 'the men thus ruined' will attempt to re trieve anything from Guatemala. "Did I bring any photographs?" said \Y. J. Campbell, a Guate mala planter, who arrived yester day on the Amasis. "I did not. I want to forget Gtaatemala.' I went there five years ago. I had 150 acres of cof fee land that would have brought me in about $3000 gold this year and was increasing in vaiue every year. I had nearly seventy-five per cent of the. jand bearing and was rapidly getting the rest of it into shapt. N neighborhood met a similar fate. They were cut off from food, the rivers just dried up . and the} 7 smothered in that pungent 'dust by hundreds. "Although it did not suffer as much as did. our district, I think Ouezaltenango \ is practically ruined. The earth there is in a constant state of tremble and the people are getting out as fast as they can gather together their possessions. I know one. man there who belongs in Seattle. His name Ms Rooney.' He has a livery business in Quezaltenango. He was in Guatemala City at the time of the eruption and he is go ing to stay there. He lias sent a man to Ouezaltenango to wind up his business and transfer "his stock to Guatemala City." Campbell says that Albert James, a planter in the Retalh'uleu district, had on his plantation machinery alone worth more than $300,000. The plantation itself was 'worth at- least $1,000,000. This place was completely wiped out and James is now poor as his humblest employe. The Adolfo Meyer plantation, in the same neighborhood, and also de stroyed, was worth more than $750,000. • On one finca near his own, Campbell says, there were 2000 "mozos" employed, and of these at least 500 were killed. \ ¦ ¦<¦ Continued From Page 1, Column 3. Quarantine Against Fever. LIMA, Peru, Nov. 20.— The sanitary board; Mas directed that all vessels from Panama jnust be quarantined while yel low fever is existing there. There is a disagreement in the Cabinet over meas ures best adapted to meet the political situation. ¦ v . " ¦ COLON, Nov. 20. — There are several cases cf, yellow fever in Port Limon, Costa Rica. SANTA -MARIA'S BLAST CLAIMS FULL! 10,000 LIVES WASHINGTON. Nov. 20.— The Isla de Luzon, one. of the Spanish gunboats cap tured at Manila by Admiral Dewey, is en route to New York with forty-eight of her men in irons. The, vessel, which has been doing guard duty in the Philip pines for about three years, started re cently for New York,, proceeding from Manila via Singapore. Advices received at the War Department Indicate that on the trip to Singapore some of the ma chinery'on the boat shifted badly, creat ing a panic among the crew and causing a substantial mutiny. The result was the placing of forty-eightof her crt?w in irons. After her capture the Luzon was repaired at Hongkong and it Is said that the re pairs were not properly made. Vessel Is Returning' Home From the ' Philippines With Forty-Eight ' Men in Irons. . ' . CREW OF THE GUNBOAT . ISLA DE LUZON MUTINY LONDON, Nov. 20. — Extraprdinary, charges cf cruelty on' the part of a mother to her child, equaling the ' Mon tague case, in the north of. Ireland, which created worldwide interest' about ten years ago, are now being heard at the Old Bailey. In the present case Mrs. An nie Penruddocke of Compton Park, Wilt shire, the wife of a magistrate and a large landed proprietor, was charged v.ith brutally assaulting and 111 treating her 7-year-old daughter. The court was filed with fashionably attired women, rr-any of whom were leaders of the county society of Wiltshire and close friends of the defendant. Several of the best known counsel were engaged. According to the statement of the Crown Prosecutor, ¦which was corroborated by governesses and servants, the cruelties had been.go- : Ing on for two years and Included beat ing the child with nettles, 1 ' systematic neglect, ill-treatment, assault and partial starvation. One form of pnnighment was to make the child, which is named Letl tia, stand on the bough of a tree in In clement weather for hours at a" time..' The line of reasoning adopted by the California miners in convention regard ing the additional debris dams needed that hydraulic mining may ; revive has been given at considerable length in the publi cation : of the convention's resolutions on .that topic in The CalL": The essential idea maybe reached more directly 'for conve nience of the 1 miners who were not pres ent. : This is, that the construction of the straining dams:and barriers on !the Yuba River,, upon which work has begun, opens the way for the construction of like bar riers upon streams throughout.- the mining field /with the j consequent revival of . hy draulic] mining upon • terins advantageous to the miners and not detrimental to the agricultural interest? of the State nor to the, navigation of the. rivers of California'. A ; recommendation - was adopted ' to so amend v the" law/as to provide for . the con trol of the State Mining Bureau in, every regard'by:the trustees of the bureau; and for an appropriation sufficient to carry on the work of the bureau : thoroughly.' The intent of the change in the law as pro- THE DEBRIS DAMS. '.Third — Flumas Is an' elevated, Intermoun taln county, its valleys ranging:' In altitude from U500 to 60CO feet, and its - mountain bar riers reaching: an elevation of 7500 feet. The moisture laden, winds. come from the south and southwest. To reach Plumas these must sweep up the western slope of the Sierras and over their lofty summits. . At this high alti tude and in a - greatly reduced temperature, the vapor of . the atmosphere • is condensed and heavy precipitation follows as rain or - snow. These are the conditions causing precipitation In Plumas County, brought about independently of the presence or absence of our commercial timber. The presence of our forests may be due. in part, . to heavy precipitation, but the latter is due to the topographical conditions mentioned, and not to the forests. ..". We therefore submit that the presence or ab sence I of merchantable timber in the proposed Lassen Buttes and Diamond Mountain Forest Reserves will have no effect upon the precipi tation In either Plumas County or other por tions of the State. 'Forests are the result, in a measure, of -.rainfall, not . the • cause. If the reverse | be .true, then the great acreage of fruit trees planted and grown in Sacramento .Valley . and . other, parts of California would have greatly Increased the precipitation in the fruit-growing sections, a fact not in evidence. One resolution adopted by the Plumas County Supervisors, which may # be dis cussed, as the whole matter will be given as much publicity as possible, is as fol lows: . "These conclusions may be combated by the California Water and Forest Asso ciation, which has been largely instru mental in having millions of acres of the public domain in this State temporarily withdrawn from entry as the possible basis of a large system of forest reserves extending practically from one end of the State to. the other. Some general and concise review of the measures that went through with the ap proval of the convention will prove ac ceptable to those who had neither the time nor the opportunity to attend the deliberations in Golden Gate Hall. Two leading topics were forest reservations and debris dams. The convention did not seem to-'want 'anymore of the fprmer, but a good many of the latter. ¦ \ Prior to' the convention the Supervisors of' Plumas County adopted- resolutions disapproving of ' the permanent establish ment of the Lassen "Buttesand the Dia mond Mountain forest reservations, -"or of any other forest reserves* covering any of the unappropriated public lands within Plumas County." The objections formulated by the Plu mas Supervisors are summarized easily. The Supervisors say. that the - establish ment of the proposed fbrest reserves would prevent the construction of a rail road intd> the heart of the timber belt; that the private holdings of timber lands contributed more. than one-fourth of the revenues of Plumas County and that the owners of a large part of these lands have been paying taxes on the same for twenty years; that to prevent the construction of a railroad Into the timber belt would be a manifest injustice to the timber own ers by reducing the value of their hold ings and. the j taxable value of the lands In,:the county; that In the mountainous country a second growth t)f timber rapidly replaces the old; that to establish" forest reserves woiijld arrest development that is now promised Plumas County; that lumbering will be one of- the principal in dustries of Plumas County' for fifty years to come and that ! "to spread a blanket of forest reserves ' over this- reaion, as proposed, would paralyze business, with hold railroad transportation and thus pre vent the development of our agricultural and mineral resources.'v Considerations of this" sort were urged upon the committee on resolutions of the California Miners' Convention. Fortunately there ,were no contests on the floor of the convention to test this haphazard system of making up a con vention. Presumably the votes there,^were passed satisfactorily represent the .real nishes of the miners of California. Still the danger was evident. At a meeting of one committee, for instance, there- were present principals and attorneys repre senting ,a. great., speculative,. money?d.in terest in California, that 'Is alien to min ing and might be antagonistic to it, as it has already been" proved to be in- some parts of. the State." '• The action of its rep resentatives has already led 'the Secretary of the Interior to some moves and to set on foot an inquiry concerning the ac quirement- of ; timber claims on certain lands that are. claimed by .miners .to be mineral and to have been actually worked for longer of shorter periods as such. Just before closing the convention a motion was introduced, and the conven tion adopted it, which. devolves the elec tion of delegates ' to future conventions upon the county miners' associations and other accredited bodies, which was the rule before the convention of last week. The old by-laws and the constitution of the California Miners' Association hold good until the constitution is amended in this regard, which cannot be for another year at least. • MEASUBES SUMMARIZED. A conclusion reached in -.the closing hours of the California Mfriers' Associa tion eonyentlon which received very little attention is, nevertheless, of considerable interest to the miners In all sections of the State. The fact Is that there .were seldom as many as 100 persons in' the con vention hall. at any one time during the convention. None of these were delegates in the 'sense that they were elected as such by county conventions of miners.' Mining students from the University of California' dally formed : at least one-tenth of the total attendance. - i The reason that there Were not more actual miners in the body to pass upon is sues that" are", of -serious moment to the mining industry probably is that there was N no -obligation upon any one to be present. Early rains have brought actual mining operations near in the mountain^. There' was work at home to be looked out for, and there was little glory in attend ing anonymously a convention -that'-had no roll call and no 'list of those present excepting such as waslsupplied by volun tary registration with .the secretary of the convention. . ' .... . ,. . - WASHINGTON, Nov. 20.— The tcud which has ' existed for some time in the Knights of Labor has broken out afresh and Simon Burns and John Ternan of Pittsburg; Henry A. Hitt, New York; Thomas H. Cannon, Boston, and J. F. O'Meara have been arrested on a warrant charging forcible entry. It is claimed that these men came here from Niagara Falls, where one faction of the Knights had been holding a convention, with the intention of getting possession of the headquarters of the organization. It is further charged that they entered the building through an upper window. Sec retary-Treasurer Hays was informed of the movement and he immediately swore out the warrants for their arrest. The cases were called In the Police Cour^to day and the hearing postponed until Sat urday. The men were released on $100 bail each. Secretary Hays Causes th.3 Arrest of Pive Prominent Members of the Organization. KNIGHTS OF LABOR ARE AGAIN AT WAS From 2 o'clock in the afternoon until 5:40 the debate went on. President Gom pers being the last speaker. He urged the union men to adhere closely to union principles, declaring that their success would be greater than -it would be if they followed any other decision than that under which they were organized. A motion made by Delegate Harter to lay the matter on the table was lost. A roll call was demanded, the vote being en the adoption of the Wilson amendment to the Berger resolution. It was lost by a-vote of 4744 to 43-14. P. J. Sheridan, who introduced the res olution which resulted in the investiga tion, was asked at the hearing if. it was true that Shaffer had made any charges before the last convention of the Iron, Steel and Tin Workers against Gompers, and. he replied that he had. Shaffer de nied it. Sheridan offered to read the minutes of the meeting at which the charges were said by him to have beej > made. Shaffer objected to this, because the minutes were those of a secret meeting and if read by Sheridan it would involve him in trouble with his own organization for divulging the inner workings of the convention. ;The convention decided that the ques tion of veracity between Shaffer and Sheridan was something with which it had nothing to do, and- there being no charges against Gompers there was nothing to do but return a finding to the effect that Gompers was completely ex onorated. This was done, ,and the re port was adopted by the convention. Gompers was completely of the" charges of infidelity to the princi ples of trades . unionism. Tbe report of the special ' committee which has con ducted the investigation reported to that effect to-day to the convention The . committee reported that when Shaffer appeared before it ha declared that he had not at any time. \ either in writing or otherwise,- made ant charges against Gompers of infidelity to trades unionism, nor did he desire to before the committee; No business was transacted in the con vention during the day otner than that of the debate and the report of the com mittee which investigated \the Gompcrs- Shaffer trouble. \ NEW ORLEANS, Nov. 20.— The Social ists came within iOO votes of securing con troj-of the convention of the American Federation of Labor to-day. The strug gle lasted nearly all day and a number of able speeches were made on both sides, notably those of D. A. Hayes, James Dun can and President Gompers against the Socialists, and Victor Berger, Mas Haye3 and W. B. Wilson, of the United Mine Workers, in behalf of the- resolution in troduced by Delegate Berger and amend ed by Delegate Wilson In u» manner ac ceptable to Berger. The debate lasted until 6 o'clock this evening when a roll call showed 4774 votes against the amend ment of Wilson and 4344 In. favor of it. The miners voted solidly in favor of the amendment. \ Missionaries writing from the interior provinces 'say- 'that the situation is hearty rending.: Enough rice for daily existence is unobtainable by a large proportion of the population. , . . While some^consider the drought due to the failure of the southwest monsoon, the Government meteorologists account for it by variations.- in the physical condition of the. sun as evidenced by the sun spots. Pigs and. oxen are- being slaughtered by hundreds in", the famine" districts to pro pitiate the gods of rain, but without re suit. ; ' - .» TACOMA, Nov. 20.— Hongkong advices state that thousands of natives are dead or dying in Southern China, Tonquin and Indo-China as the result of a terrible famine, which has followed the most se vere drought known for decades in South ern Asia, coupled with an almost com plete failure of the rice crop. The distress and suffering in Southern China is beyond description. "Wells are drying and there is no systematic storage there,;" as at Hongkong and Shanghai. In Kwangturig arid Fokien provinces the riv ers are so' low that only the lightest draught vessels can navigate. At Amoy the wells arei empty, and the securing of enough water for daily use is^a serious problem. TTje; rainfall/? there has fallen from nfty-efeht indies Miri 1837 and forty six in 1S98 to 'thirty-six "inches last year arid ;twenty-five. inches for the first eight months of. this year.. , • . ' Special Dispatch to The Call. . Dr. Roberts gave it as his opinion that attempts to have non-union men form separate organizations were instigated by parties opposed to organized labor. In attempting to show the carelessness of the miner contributed materially to the danger of his occupation. Chairman Gray interposed with the remark that a margin of carelessness incident to human nature must be taken into account when estimat ing the dangerousnes of any hazardous occupation. The interest in the Commissioners and their investigations has not decreased. Each day hundreds of men line the streets and watch the arbitrators walk from the hotel jto the courtroom. The Commission ers continue to. hold cT^lly conferences. Dr. John O'Malley of Scranton said that at pest mortems he had seen miners' lungs as black as anthracite itself and Dr. Lenahan testified he had personal knowledge of a man coughing up coaldust nine years after he left the mines. He said he had information that a man had coughed .up coaldust fifteen years after he" had left he mines. It was also stated that 90 per cent of the miners who reach ed the age of 50 years are afflicted with some form of 'rheumatism. * The cross-examination of Rev. Dr. Peters, who had studied the anthracite coal industry and written a book on the subject, ended to-day and he left the wit ness stand shortly after the noon recess. He began his testimony yesterday.. Copi ous extracts from his book were read and placed on record. Ex-Congressman "Wolverton, counsel for the Reading Company, read much of the matter pertaining to violence in the 1900 Strike and also read articles written by Dr. Roberts during the progress of the late ' contest, in which he described in strong, language the acts of violence, in timidation and boycotting committed dur ing that suspension. His articles spoke of some of these acts as "brutal out ragos" and he also branded the union's action In calling out the steam men in June as "foolhardy." In explaining his articles Dr. Roberts said that he did not wish to infer that the organization was responsible for all the lawlessness com mitted. The doctor paid yesterday that newspaper accounts greatly exaggerated the amount of lawlessness in the coal re gion, but "Wolverton's reading of Dr. Rob erts' description . of serious acts of vio lence and. boycotting _ afforded much amusement for j the attorneys of the coal companies. . . >'"-.-- '•-•¦ •"' • . SCRANTON, Pa, Nov. 20.— The ecorf omic and sociological features of the an thracite coal industry and the effect em ployment in -and about' the mines has upon the health of the mine workers were the" prtnicpal subjects brought before the arbitration commission' to-day by the at torneys on each side of t the controversy. While there was an entire "absence of oratory or briliant cross-examination, which marked the proceedings during the last few^ days, the cross-examination nevertheless had the close attention of. the Commissioners arid they gained much information, on the Several features touched upon by witnesses. • The afternoon session was particularly interesting, because it brought, out much expert testimony on the question of the health of the jmine workers. Three physi cians who. have practiced in Scranton or Wilkesbarre took the stand for the miners and in substance testified that the occu pation of a mine worker was "very un heajthful" and shortened his life. One physician. Dr. F. P. Lenatiah of Wilkes barre, who says he has had a Ions experi ence among, mine -workers, testified that fully 99 per cent of the men who work in the mines are anemic. Their health is impoverished and their general condition is below^par, thus decreasing. their earn ing powers. The principal ills suffered by the miners, -the physicians said, were miners* asthma, rheumatism and lum bago. '., Wife' of an English Magis trate on Trial at the Old Bailey. Economic and Sociological *.'¦' Features of "Coal Indus try "Studied. Rainfall Fails Suffering Is Said to Be Heart ) rending. Review Is Made of Issues Which Are Pushed to" the front/ . Charges 'Mad8 Against Presi dent Gompers Are Found to Be Untrue. Physicians Give Testi . mony Before.Arbitra ry tion Board. Beats Her Daughter With Nettles and Then Starves Her. Outvote the Socialists in\ New Orleans Convention. Miners Return to the Old Method of Forming Convention. Southern China Visited by Severest Famine ; -in Years. -^ - BRUTAL MOTHER TORTURES CHILD MINE-WORKERS' LIVES ARE SHORT THOUSANDS DIE OF STARVATION COUNTIES WILL NAME DELEGATES HOSTS OF LABOR WIN THE FIGHT THE SAN FBAK CISCO CALL,, FRIDAY .NOVEMBER 21; 1902. ThmnaslRu^eJj|^i^^^^Ui^^t^ South- Tyrorie/Who. Is Opposed to Home Rule for Ireland, Is Assaulted at Dromore After Addressing a Public Meeting MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT IS STONED BY RIOTERS 2 CHAS. KEILUS. a? CO. EXCL U S I V E HIGH? GRADE , .CLOTHIERS Ci^VL^LTT5-O'CCKT5 i TPOUSELPS DAY & JLVELNIING SUITS ATTOCE5 hOT HIGHER .THAN AQE1 CHARGED ?8Y AWiY DLALLQ5 \VHO-APE.-^DT-QUAU^rID to ocy/^TL" with ua KEARNV THURLOW". BLO.CK