OCR Interpretation

The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, November 21, 1902, Image 2

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Increases Customs Duties.
-MANAGUA, Nicaragua," Nov. 20.— As a
consequence , of the fluctuation in the
price of silver, the Nicarafroan Govern
ment has to-day Increased the customs
duties by ISO per cent. -
I Washington;- Nov. 2o:-A. ; Lazo
Arriga, the Minister from Guatemala,
has just received from his Government
letters and- telegrams stating that, the
reports published in this country about
N. W., WASHINGTON, Nov.. 20.—
Revolution, and j perhaps anarchy, is
likely to. follow in the ' wake of the de
struction wrought by the eruption of
Santa . Maija, which* devastated . the cof
fee districts of Guatemala. Through an
official, source a. letter has been re
ceived which shows that the country is
probably totally ruined* and has at least
received a ; setback from which it will
not recover for years. 1 The letter says:
"While the eruptions were in progress
the feast V^of Minerva was being cele
brated .-with great 7 merrymaking, in
Guatemala City, and no effort was made
by the Government to postpone it. This
continuance of the hilarity at a time of
national disaster "greatly incensed the
people*. ; Serious civil'disturbances are
threatened. Officials are now endeav
oring~'.to prevent the truth from becom
ing known.- The. loss of life is great,
bu^the Government will not make pub
lic the v number. -.
"For twenty miles about the volcano
ashes and mud fell, covering adjoining
fincas, or coffee plantations, from three
to ten feet deep, destroying not only
the growing- trees; ¦ but also the future
productiveness of -.the plantations.
Within the zone .affected by the erup
tion-rand; that is a practically | the entire
coffee-bearing belt— nearly all the live
stock was killed V by " the sulphurous
fumes which were emitted 'from the
crater. v i ;.-¦ .' ... . . \ ¦:¦ .. : :. , ' ¦ «,.
•. , ' "People who are fleeing from .villages
and towns/from^near the volcano !',,¦ de
clare that the eruption came from small
craters at the foot of the volcano and
that the big volcano itself is still slum
bering. That part of the country is de-
Insane Man Seeks the Emperor.
'LONDON, Nov. ,20.— A special dispatch
from .Vienna,'., "published ,,> to-day, . an
nounced : that' a , well-dressed individual,
evidently k insane, accosted a sentry on
duty at * the entrance j of ' tho • Hof burg at
midnight and said that he was the Em
peror's; son Rudolph and that -he wished
to see his Majesty.,, The stranger, who is
said to' 'be a merchant of Hamburg, : was
taken- to the 'guardroom A and r searched:
A -, revolver j was . found ' in- his pocket and
also 5 a .white, stave, v which he called his
"magic wand." ,'," He was '¦- committed % to
an? asylum. - -
NEW *TORK, Nov. 20.— It was definitely
stated In official quarters last evening
that the control of the Manhattan Rail
way Company has passed Into the hand3
o£ the Inter-Borough. Rapid Transit Com-*"
pany, more familiarly known as the Sub
way Company. An official statement to
this effect will probably be Issued -within
a few days. Negotiations having this ob
ject In view have been secretly carried
on for some time. Yesterday they reach
ed a stage where the scheme Is assured.
The consolidated company will have
control and operate ninety-seven and
three-fourths miles of .road located In
Greater New York and controlling prac
tically all the available franchises not
possessed by the Metropolitan Street
Railway Company. . • :
Inter-Borough Rapid Transit Com
pany of New York Secures the
Manhattan Line.
O AX AC A, Mexico, Nov. 20.
— A hurricane of terrific violence
and great destructiveness has
swept over the interior portion of
the States of Oaxaca. and Chia
pas. Many coffee plantations
have been completely ruined.
The losses on the Santa Rita
and Morolos plantations, situ
ated in the Juquita district, alone
amount to more than $100,000.
In the State of Chiapas-, where
the ashes' from the Guatemala
volcano Santa Maria had already
wrought much damage to the
coffee plantations, the hurricane
completed the work of destruc
-SAN JOSE, Nov. 20.— Fears are en
tertained for the safety of a number of
San Joseans at the Mordaunt coffee
plantation, in the state of Chiapas,
since the eruption of the . Santa 'Maria
volcano. Captain Charles Mordaunt of
this city and his wife and six children
and Mrs. Charles Mordaunt Jr. and
little son were at the plantation when
last: heard, from." Their place is but
forty miles fronV the Santa -Maria vol
cano and twenty miles from Tapa
chula. . v .
1 The last heard from ' the Mordaunt
party was by letter dated there Septem
ber 23. This was from Mrs. Charles
Mordaunt Jr.; daughter of Police Cap
tain Brown of this city, and was sent
to her mother. In it -she states . that
about two weeks before there was an
earthquake that lasted forty-eight hours
about. the first of September. , This de
stroyed the Mordaunt home, and the
family. were then living in tents. , Mrs.
Mordaunt 'stated that the ground ; had
opened ;in great fissures two feet wide,
in which the, bottom could not be seen,
Tb,ese pensions were granted to-day-
California: Original— Francis L. Pratt,
Pomona, $10; Harry Cohen, San Francis
co, $6 (war with Spain). Increase, reis
sue, etc— George R. Crow, Los Angeles,
$30; Irad M. Henderson, Santa Rosa, $3;
Robert R. Moore, Los, Angeles, * $12!
Widows, minors and 1 dependent relatives
—Julia Roche, San Francisco, $8; Ellen
D. Hall, Tras*, $8 (Mexican war). Ore
gon: Increase, reissue, eta— William
Rehtz, Port Orford, 512. Washington:
Widows, minors and dependent relatives
— Euretta J. McDonald, Issaquah, 58.
Army order— Contract Surgeon Stephen
M. Long goes from Alcatraz Island, Cali
fornia, to F-ort Duchesne, Utah. . _%-. ;
Station No. 54 of San Francisco post
office will be established January 1, 1303,
at 806 Devisadero street.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 20.— Postmasters
commissioned — California: Annie O. Rus
sell, San Simon;' Christen H. Christensen,
AKamont; Annie C. Bachels, Goodyears
Bar. Oregon: Robert G. Hoffer, Cleone;
"Walter E. Eakin, HopewelL Fourth
class postmasters appointed: California:
Charles E. Pillsbury. Amalie, Kern Coun
ty, vice William E. Rogers, resigned; C.
A. Mercer, Big Trees, Calaveras County,
vice James M. Hutchlns, resigned.
Several Changes Are Mads in tho
Postal Service and More Pen
sions Granted.
Many other measures were indorsed in
cluding the continuation of agitation in
favor of the. mineral lands bill The
resolution concerning the amendment of
the statutes in reference to the location
of mmlng claims is in full as follows:
Resolved, That we heartily favor the amer,*
ment of Sections 2319. 2320 and 232* ?£
Revised Statutes of the United States con
cernlng the location of mining claims so tw=*
the locator shall be accorded t reasonaWe and
definite time within which to finally n£?k
hU^urface boundaries on the ground; so that
all local rues regulations and customs of min
ers ; and all Stete and Territorial law on th-
locations of mining claims shall be abolished
and so. that while liberal provisions "hall he
made for the protection of the locator, who
holds and works his claim la good faith the
law concerning annual assessment shall most
effectually/ check the present Injurious prac
tice of holding mining claims year after year
without development. Be It further -
Resolved. -That we recognize the Importance
of the passage of such amendatory legislation
and urge th* necesrfty of action upon our
committee on , legislation and the California
representatives of our national .Conjress. <
In considering the much discussed Polar
Star mine case the recommendation was
that if the issues, constitute a denial of
the right to operate a hydraulic mine un
der the provisions, of the Caminettl law
and a permit granted under its provis
ions, the association shah proceed to test
the Questions involved in the appellate
court and that the executive committee
of the association shall take the necessarv
steps to have the Questions tested. That
is concise, and as the association in con
vention adopted the recommendation the
time may not be far distant when the
Polar Star case will lead definitely in one
direction or another.
. TRENTON, Mo. r , Nov. 20.— "W. B. Law
rence, who, ,by misrepresenting himself
as the agerit of State Superintendent
Carrington, sold books to school districts
in different parts of the State, was to-day
convicted, of obtaining money under false
pretenses and his punishment fixed at
two years in the penitentiary.
posed is to take from the- Governor the
control that he now has in the matter
of making appointments to the.- bureau
and giving it to the trustees.
Several appropriations were recommend
ed that the interests of the miners and
of the State might be promoted. The
appropriations Include one for the State
Mining Bureau, which has already been
mentioned; appropriations by both the
national and State governments for the
construction of the additional debris
dams ! sought for, one to determine how
to best conserve the water resources of
the State and one to provide for a fire
patrol for protection of the forests.
6 It will be seen that the measures of
the miners, as embodied in their resolu
tions, ' are vigorous and that to carry
them out to logical conclusion will neces
sarily involve a great amount of work
Sentence of a Swindler.
LONDON, Nov. 20.— The Duke of Mari
borough has resigned the office of pay
master general and .has been succeeded
by Sir Savile Crossley, M. P.
The Duke's resignation is due to his
impending departure for India to at
tend the Delhi Durbar and has no polit
ical significance. ,
Duke of Maryborough Besigns.
the loss of lite and property caused by
the eruption of the Santa Maria volcano
are exaggerated. While it is true that a
part of the present coffee crop- is lost,
the dispatches say it is generally ex
pected, that most of the plantations of
the affected district will recuperate. The
loss of life was ; very small, and the
President of the republic from the first
moment adopted ¦; the ' most energetic
measures, of relief, ; which the dispatches
say avoided considerable suffering and
preserved peace and order in the af
fected region.
Minister. Lazo Arriga to-night em
phatically denied reports that bands of
rpbbers were swarming tne desolated
sections, robbing" "a'nd^ murdering refu
gees, and said the official correspond
ence just received by him showed that
such outrages could not be perpetrated.
~ "Decrees fixing the price of the ne
cessities of life have been issued by the
Government, but foreign houses have
cabled canceling their orders. There
fore, with* nothing coming in, God
knows what will happen when the pres
ent supplies . are exhausted; Exchange
is very high, and Increasing at the rate
of ( ioo per cent per day.
• "Santa Maria is not the only volcano
which threatens Guatemala. : Several
others, including Fuego, at Antigua, are
emitting smoke and showing other evi
dences of unrest."
This letter bears date of November i.
It was said at the State Department that
United States Consul .General McNally
intends to leave Guatemala as soon as
possible. He has made a report to the
department dealing with conditions
since the eruption, but because Guate :
mala is a friendly nation he was re
stricted from predicting its ruin. '.
serted, the people coming to Guatemala
City.- ..-; ; , .:.,¦...
-Thomas Russell, Liberal-Unionist mem
ber for'South Tyrone,' began another land
; campaign near Belfast early in October.
He declared that 80 per cent of the land
lords were ready to sell their land under
' a fair scheme and suggested a new babls
for land purchase under which 1 the state
would give $50,000,000 for the berfefit of
•the landlords. Russell is opposed to home
rule for Ireland. :.•¦•' • • /
the head, but not -seriously injured.
at Dromore last night. The riot- '.
ers attacked the hall vrhere Russell had
made his speech and caused him to seek ]
refuge in a neighboring house, whence
he tried to escape in a carriage. The mob
discovered him and bombarded the ve
hicle with stones. Russell was struck on
¦ » ELF AST, Nov. 20.— Thomas Hus
_Jj/ sell, the Unionist member of Par
""^ liament, -was storied' by a mob
**«*>' after he had addressed a meeting
Stock All Killed
:"I know that all my stock was
killed and all the stock in that
"My place was at Los Quevas,
about forty miles from Santa
Maria. When the dust began to
fall on October 24 I got right out
and remained in Champerico un
til it cleared up. I went back
again and saw all I cared about in
a, very short time. My place is
absolutely ruined; From what I
learned just before I left Chcftn
perico the fall of ashes was still
active. I think all of my 'mozos/
as we call the native laborers, es
caped, but am not certain.
. Instead of the Champerico
Railroad he only had a mule,
upon which he managed to reach
the coast. All he possessed, says
Captain Teme, was the travel
stained suit in whiclvjie stood and
the few dollars he had happened
to have in his pocket when the
ashes began to fall. 4
There are hundreds of. similar
cases, and, according to Captain
Teme, but very few of 'the men
thus ruined' will attempt to re
trieve anything from Guatemala.
"Did I bring any photographs?"
said \Y. J. Campbell, a Guate
mala planter, who arrived yester
day on the Amasis.
"I did not. I want to forget
Gtaatemala.' I went there five
years ago. I had 150 acres of cof
fee land that would have brought
me in about $3000 gold this year
and was increasing in vaiue every
year. I had nearly seventy-five
per cent of the. jand bearing and
was rapidly getting the rest of it
into shapt. N
neighborhood met a similar fate.
They were cut off from food, the
rivers just dried up . and the} 7
smothered in that pungent 'dust
by hundreds.
"Although it did not suffer as
much as did. our district, I think
Ouezaltenango \ is practically
ruined. The earth there is in a
constant state of tremble and the
people are getting out as fast as
they can gather together their
possessions. I know one. man
there who belongs in Seattle. His
name Ms Rooney.' He has a livery
business in Quezaltenango. He
was in Guatemala City at the
time of the eruption and he is go
ing to stay there. He lias sent a
man to Ouezaltenango to wind
up his business and transfer "his
stock to Guatemala City."
Campbell says that Albert
James, a planter in the Retalh'uleu
district, had on his plantation
machinery alone worth more than
$300,000. The plantation itself
was 'worth at- least $1,000,000.
This place was completely wiped
out and James is now poor as his
humblest employe. The Adolfo
Meyer plantation, in the same
neighborhood, and also de
stroyed, was worth more than
• On one finca near his own,
Campbell says, there were 2000
"mozos" employed, and of these
at least 500 were killed. \ ¦ ¦<¦
Continued From Page 1, Column 3.
Quarantine Against Fever.
LIMA, Peru, Nov. 20.— The sanitary
board; Mas directed that all vessels from
Panama jnust be quarantined while yel
low fever is existing there. There is a
disagreement in the Cabinet over meas
ures best adapted to meet the political
situation. ¦ v . " ¦
COLON, Nov. 20. — There are several
cases cf, yellow fever in Port Limon,
Costa Rica.
WASHINGTON. Nov. 20.— The Isla de
Luzon, one. of the Spanish gunboats cap
tured at Manila by Admiral Dewey, is
en route to New York with forty-eight
of her men in irons. The, vessel, which
has been doing guard duty in the Philip
pines for about three years, started re
cently for New York,, proceeding from
Manila via Singapore. Advices received
at the War Department Indicate that on
the trip to Singapore some of the ma
chinery'on the boat shifted badly, creat
ing a panic among the crew and causing
a substantial mutiny. The result was the
placing of forty-eightof her crt?w in irons.
After her capture the Luzon was repaired
at Hongkong and it Is said that the re
pairs were not properly made.
Vessel Is Returning' Home From the
' Philippines With Forty-Eight '
Men in Irons. . ' .
LONDON, Nov. 20. — Extraprdinary,
charges cf cruelty on' the part of a
mother to her child, equaling the ' Mon
tague case, in the north of. Ireland, which
created worldwide interest' about ten
years ago, are now being heard at the
Old Bailey. In the present case Mrs. An
nie Penruddocke of Compton Park, Wilt
shire, the wife of a magistrate and a
large landed proprietor, was charged
v.ith brutally assaulting and 111 treating
her 7-year-old daughter. The court was
filed with fashionably attired women,
rr-any of whom were leaders of the county
society of Wiltshire and close friends of
the defendant. Several of the best known
counsel were engaged. According to the
statement of the Crown Prosecutor,
¦which was corroborated by governesses
and servants, the cruelties had been.go- :
Ing on for two years and Included beat
ing the child with nettles, 1 ' systematic
neglect, ill-treatment, assault and partial
starvation. One form of pnnighment was
to make the child, which is named Letl
tia, stand on the bough of a tree in In
clement weather for hours at a" time..'
The line of reasoning adopted by the
California miners in convention regard
ing the additional debris dams needed that
hydraulic mining may ; revive has been
given at considerable length in the publi
cation : of the convention's resolutions on
.that topic in The CalL": The essential idea
maybe reached more directly 'for conve
nience of the 1 miners who were not pres
ent. : This is, that the construction of the
straining dams:and barriers on !the Yuba
River,, upon which work has begun, opens
the way for the construction of like bar
riers upon streams throughout.- the mining
field /with the j consequent revival of . hy
draulic] mining upon • terins advantageous
to the miners and not detrimental to the
agricultural interest? of the State nor to
the, navigation of the. rivers of California'.
A ; recommendation - was adopted ' to so
amend v the" law/as to provide for . the con
trol of the State Mining Bureau in, every
regard'by:the trustees of the bureau; and
for an appropriation sufficient to carry on
the work of the bureau : thoroughly.' The
intent of the change in the law as pro-
'.Third — Flumas Is an' elevated, Intermoun
taln county, its valleys ranging:' In altitude
from U500 to 60CO feet, and its - mountain bar
riers reaching: an elevation of 7500 feet. The
moisture laden, winds. come from the south and
southwest. To reach Plumas these must
sweep up the western slope of the Sierras and
over their lofty summits. . At this high alti
tude and in a - greatly reduced temperature, the
vapor of . the atmosphere • is condensed and
heavy precipitation follows as rain or - snow.
These are the conditions causing precipitation
In Plumas County, brought about independently
of the presence or absence of our commercial
timber. The presence of our forests may be
due. in part, . to heavy precipitation, but the
latter is due to the topographical conditions
mentioned, and not to the forests.
..". We therefore submit that the presence or ab
sence I of merchantable timber in the proposed
Lassen Buttes and Diamond Mountain Forest
Reserves will have no effect upon the precipi
tation In either Plumas County or other por
tions of the State. 'Forests are the result, in
a measure, of -.rainfall, not . the • cause. If the
reverse | be .true, then the great acreage of
fruit trees planted and grown in Sacramento
.Valley . and . other, parts of California would
have greatly Increased the precipitation in the
fruit-growing sections, a fact not in evidence.
One resolution adopted by the Plumas
County Supervisors, which may # be dis
cussed, as the whole matter will be given
as much publicity as possible, is as fol
lows: .
"These conclusions may be combated by
the California Water and Forest Asso
ciation, which has been largely instru
mental in having millions of acres of the
public domain in this State temporarily
withdrawn from entry as the possible
basis of a large system of forest reserves
extending practically from one end of the
State to. the other.
Some general and concise review of the
measures that went through with the ap
proval of the convention will prove ac
ceptable to those who had neither the
time nor the opportunity to attend the
deliberations in Golden Gate Hall. Two
leading topics were forest reservations
and debris dams. The convention did not
seem to-'want 'anymore of the fprmer,
but a good many of the latter. ¦
\ Prior to' the convention the Supervisors
of' Plumas County adopted- resolutions
disapproving of ' the permanent establish
ment of the Lassen "Buttesand the Dia
mond Mountain forest reservations, -"or
of any other forest reserves* covering any
of the unappropriated public lands within
Plumas County."
The objections formulated by the Plu
mas Supervisors are summarized easily.
The Supervisors say. that the - establish
ment of the proposed fbrest reserves
would prevent the construction of a rail
road intd> the heart of the timber belt;
that the private holdings of timber lands
contributed more. than one-fourth of the
revenues of Plumas County and that the
owners of a large part of these lands have
been paying taxes on the same for twenty
years; that to prevent the construction
of a railroad Into the timber belt would
be a manifest injustice to the timber own
ers by reducing the value of their hold
ings and. the j taxable value of the lands
In,:the county; that In the mountainous
country a second growth t)f timber rapidly
replaces the old; that to establish" forest
reserves woiijld arrest development that
is now promised Plumas County; that
lumbering will be one of- the principal in
dustries of Plumas County' for fifty years
to come and that ! "to spread a blanket
of forest reserves ' over this- reaion, as
proposed, would paralyze business, with
hold railroad transportation and thus pre
vent the development of our agricultural
and mineral resources.'v
Considerations of this" sort were urged
upon the committee on resolutions of the
California Miners' Convention.
Fortunately there ,were no contests on
the floor of the convention to test this
haphazard system of making up a con
vention. Presumably the votes there,^were
passed satisfactorily represent the .real
nishes of the miners of California. Still
the danger was evident. At a meeting of
one committee, for instance, there- were
present principals and attorneys repre
senting ,a. great., speculative,. money?d.in
terest in California, that 'Is alien to min
ing and might be antagonistic to it, as it
has already been" proved to be in- some
parts of. the State." '• The action of its rep
resentatives has already led 'the Secretary
of the Interior to some moves and to set
on foot an inquiry concerning the ac
quirement- of ; timber claims on certain
lands that are. claimed by .miners .to be
mineral and to have been actually worked
for longer of shorter periods as such.
Just before closing the convention a
motion was introduced, and the conven
tion adopted it, which. devolves the elec
tion of delegates ' to future conventions
upon the county miners' associations and
other accredited bodies, which was the
rule before the convention of last week.
The old by-laws and the constitution of
the California Miners' Association hold
good until the constitution is amended in
this regard, which cannot be for another
year at least. •
A conclusion reached in -.the closing
hours of the California Mfriers' Associa
tion eonyentlon which received very little
attention is, nevertheless, of considerable
interest to the miners In all sections of
the State. The fact Is that there .were
seldom as many as 100 persons in' the con
vention hall. at any one time during the
convention. None of these were delegates
in the 'sense that they were elected as
such by county conventions of miners.'
Mining students from the University of
California' dally formed : at least one-tenth
of the total attendance. -
i The reason that there Were not more
actual miners in the body to pass upon is
sues that" are", of -serious moment to the
mining industry probably is that there
was N no -obligation upon any one to be
present. Early rains have brought actual
mining operations near in the mountain^.
There' was work at home to be looked out
for, and there was little glory in attend
ing anonymously a convention -that'-had
no roll call and no 'list of those present
excepting such as waslsupplied by volun
tary registration with .the secretary of
the convention. . ' .... . ,. . -
WASHINGTON, Nov. 20.— The tcud
which has ' existed for some time in the
Knights of Labor has broken out afresh
and Simon Burns and John Ternan of
Pittsburg; Henry A. Hitt, New York;
Thomas H. Cannon, Boston, and J. F.
O'Meara have been arrested on a warrant
charging forcible entry. It is claimed
that these men came here from Niagara
Falls, where one faction of the Knights
had been holding a convention, with the
intention of getting possession of the
headquarters of the organization. It is
further charged that they entered the
building through an upper window. Sec
retary-Treasurer Hays was informed of
the movement and he immediately swore
out the warrants for their arrest. The
cases were called In the Police Cour^to
day and the hearing postponed until Sat
urday. The men were released on $100
bail each.
Secretary Hays Causes th.3 Arrest of
Pive Prominent Members of the
From 2 o'clock in the afternoon until
5:40 the debate went on. President Gom
pers being the last speaker. He urged
the union men to adhere closely to union
principles, declaring that their success
would be greater than -it would be if
they followed any other decision than
that under which they were organized. A
motion made by Delegate Harter to lay
the matter on the table was lost. A roll
call was demanded, the vote being en
the adoption of the Wilson amendment
to the Berger resolution. It was lost by
a-vote of 4744 to 43-14.
P. J. Sheridan, who introduced the res
olution which resulted in the investiga
tion, was asked at the hearing if. it was
true that Shaffer had made any charges
before the last convention of the Iron,
Steel and Tin Workers against Gompers,
and. he replied that he had. Shaffer de
nied it. Sheridan offered to read the
minutes of the meeting at which the
charges were said by him to have beej >
made. Shaffer objected to this, because
the minutes were those of a secret
meeting and if read by Sheridan
it would involve him in trouble with his
own organization for divulging the inner
workings of the convention.
;The convention decided that the ques
tion of veracity between Shaffer and
Sheridan was something with which it
had nothing to do, and- there being no
charges against Gompers there was
nothing to do but return a finding to the
effect that Gompers was completely ex
onorated. This was done, ,and the re
port was adopted by the convention.
Gompers was completely of
the" charges of infidelity to the princi
ples of trades . unionism. Tbe report of
the special ' committee which has con
ducted the investigation reported to that
effect to-day to the convention
The . committee reported that when
Shaffer appeared before it ha declared
that he had not at any time. \ either in
writing or otherwise,- made ant charges
against Gompers of infidelity to trades
unionism, nor did he desire to before the
No business was transacted in the con
vention during the day otner than that of
the debate and the report of the com
mittee which investigated \the Gompcrs-
Shaffer trouble. \
NEW ORLEANS, Nov. 20.— The Social
ists came within iOO votes of securing con
troj-of the convention of the American
Federation of Labor to-day. The strug
gle lasted nearly all day and a number
of able speeches were made on both sides,
notably those of D. A. Hayes, James Dun
can and President Gompers against the
Socialists, and Victor Berger, Mas Haye3
and W. B. Wilson, of the United Mine
Workers, in behalf of the- resolution in
troduced by Delegate Berger and amend
ed by Delegate Wilson In u» manner ac
ceptable to Berger. The debate lasted
until 6 o'clock this evening when a roll
call showed 4774 votes against the amend
ment of Wilson and 4344 In. favor of it.
The miners voted solidly in favor of the
amendment. \
Missionaries writing from the interior
provinces 'say- 'that the situation is hearty
rending.: Enough rice for daily existence
is unobtainable by a large proportion of
the population. , . .
While some^consider the drought due to
the failure of the southwest monsoon, the
Government meteorologists account for it
by variations.- in the physical condition
of the. sun as evidenced by the sun spots.
Pigs and. oxen are- being slaughtered by
hundreds in", the famine" districts to pro
pitiate the gods of rain, but without re
suit. ; ' - .»
TACOMA, Nov. 20.— Hongkong advices
state that thousands of natives are dead
or dying in Southern China, Tonquin and
Indo-China as the result of a terrible
famine, which has followed the most se
vere drought known for decades in South
ern Asia, coupled with an almost com
plete failure of the rice crop.
The distress and suffering in Southern
China is beyond description. "Wells are
drying and there is no systematic storage
there,;" as at Hongkong and Shanghai. In
Kwangturig arid Fokien provinces the riv
ers are so' low that only the lightest
draught vessels can navigate. At Amoy
the wells arei empty, and the securing of
enough water for daily use is^a serious
problem. TTje; rainfall/? there has fallen
from nfty-efeht indies Miri 1837 and forty
six in 1S98 to 'thirty-six "inches last year
arid ;twenty-five. inches for the first eight
months of. this year.. , • . '
Special Dispatch to The Call.
. Dr. Roberts gave it as his opinion that
attempts to have non-union men form
separate organizations were instigated by
parties opposed to organized labor.
In attempting to show the carelessness
of the miner contributed materially to the
danger of his occupation. Chairman Gray
interposed with the remark that a margin
of carelessness incident to human nature
must be taken into account when estimat
ing the dangerousnes of any hazardous
The interest in the Commissioners and
their investigations has not decreased.
Each day hundreds of men line the streets
and watch the arbitrators walk from the
hotel jto the courtroom. The Commission
ers continue to. hold cT^lly conferences.
Dr. John O'Malley of Scranton said that
at pest mortems he had seen miners'
lungs as black as anthracite itself and
Dr. Lenahan testified he had personal
knowledge of a man coughing up coaldust
nine years after he left the mines. He
said he had information that a man had
coughed .up coaldust fifteen years after
he" had left he mines. It was also stated
that 90 per cent of the miners who reach
ed the age of 50 years are afflicted with
some form of 'rheumatism.
* The cross-examination of Rev. Dr.
Peters, who had studied the anthracite
coal industry and written a book on the
subject, ended to-day and he left the wit
ness stand shortly after the noon recess.
He began his testimony yesterday.. Copi
ous extracts from his book were read and
placed on record.
Ex-Congressman "Wolverton, counsel for
the Reading Company, read much of the
matter pertaining to violence in the 1900
Strike and also read articles written by
Dr. Roberts during the progress of the
late ' contest, in which he described in
strong, language the acts of violence, in
timidation and boycotting committed dur
ing that suspension. His articles spoke
of some of these acts as "brutal out
ragos" and he also branded the union's
action In calling out the steam men in
June as "foolhardy." In explaining his
articles Dr. Roberts said that he did not
wish to infer that the organization was
responsible for all the lawlessness com
mitted. The doctor paid yesterday that
newspaper accounts greatly exaggerated
the amount of lawlessness in the coal re
gion, but "Wolverton's reading of Dr. Rob
erts' description . of serious acts of vio
lence and. boycotting _ afforded much
amusement for j the attorneys of the coal
companies. . . >'"-.-- '•-•¦ •"' •
. SCRANTON, Pa, Nov. 20.— The ecorf
omic and sociological features of the an
thracite coal industry and the effect em
ployment in -and about' the mines has
upon the health of the mine workers were
the" prtnicpal subjects brought before the
arbitration commission' to-day by the at
torneys on each side of t the controversy.
While there was an entire "absence of
oratory or briliant cross-examination,
which marked the proceedings during the
last few^ days, the cross-examination
nevertheless had the close attention of.
the Commissioners arid they gained much
information, on the Several features
touched upon by witnesses. •
The afternoon session was particularly
interesting, because it brought, out much
expert testimony on the question of the
health of the jmine workers. Three physi
cians who. have practiced in Scranton or
Wilkesbarre took the stand for the miners
and in substance testified that the occu
pation of a mine worker was "very un
heajthful" and shortened his life. One
physician. Dr. F. P. Lenatiah of Wilkes
barre, who says he has had a Ions experi
ence among, mine -workers, testified that
fully 99 per cent of the men who work in
the mines are anemic. Their health is
impoverished and their general condition
is below^par, thus decreasing. their earn
ing powers. The principal ills suffered by
the miners, -the physicians said, were
miners* asthma, rheumatism and lum
bago. '.,
Wife' of an English Magis
trate on Trial at the Old
Economic and Sociological
*.'¦' Features of "Coal Indus
try "Studied.
Rainfall Fails Suffering
Is Said to Be Heart
) rending.
Review Is Made of Issues
Which Are Pushed to"
the front/ .
Charges 'Mad8 Against Presi
dent Gompers Are Found
to Be Untrue.
Physicians Give Testi
. mony Before.Arbitra
ry tion Board.
Beats Her Daughter With
Nettles and Then
Starves Her.
Outvote the Socialists
in\ New Orleans
Miners Return to the Old
Method of Forming
Southern China Visited
by Severest Famine
; -in Years. -^ -
ThmnaslRu^eJj|^i^^^^Ui^^t^ South-
Tyrorie/Who. Is Opposed to Home Rule for Ireland, Is
Assaulted at Dromore After Addressing a Public Meeting
to ocy/^TL" with ua

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