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does not succeed. ,
Finesses In partner's suit— usually un called for and tending to mislead them regarding the distribution of their suits. Failure to review the plays and by elimination read opponent's holdings, or forced lead. Failure to read and understand part ner's forced leads — hasty conclusions, overlooking the fact that opponent may have opened the suit In which partner was strongest. •>*'¦'? ¦> Careless or indefensible discarding— which plsces partner al the mercy. of the adversaries. V r V s\ Last, and worst of all— shifting to ad versaries' tactics in the middle of a game and expecting partner to understand a change for which he is totally unprepared. A deal where three tricks were lost, due to unnecessary mistakes: N. B—Q, 9, 4. H.— 2. . £j_ g 7 5 8. • »• • E. S.-S. 8. 2. 2. D.-A. 7. 1 H— A. K. 10. 4, 3. . C.-A. K. J. 4. C-— Q, &• H.-Q, 9, 8, 6, 5. D.-S,6l S.-5. , 8. B.-A. K, J. 10, 7. H-— J. 7. C.-10, 9. 1 D.-r-Q, 6. 2. Queen of spades trump, leader East. TABLE NO. 1. Trk. N. E. B. W. 1. 2h 6h Jh *Kh 2. *9» - 6h 7h - Ah 2. 4i 3d »Qd 6d 4. »Qs 5s "7s 23 6. 4a 8h »JOs 6s «. 5o 4o • »As 8s 7. 3c 7d »Ks 3s 8. Jd «Ad 6d M 9. 8o »Ac 2c 6c 10. 7c Qh Ms 8h Jli »9d 8h Id 4h 12. »Kd Jo 8o lOh 13. «10d ¦ Ko 10c Qo North and South, 10. East and West, 3. Trick 1— At both tables East opens with the heart six. Trick 2— Holding th« four and three. West knows that his partner almost sure ly opened a five-card suit and one of the opponents must be void. It looks as though South was out and his Is presum- In Richmond he earned enough money to land him in Hampton with Just 50 cents in his pocket, and an appearance so against him that the head teacher hesi tated to admit him. On hl3 first night away from home ha was to learn what It meant to have a black skin. He applied for lodging at the hotel where the stage coach stopped and. was 'refused. Out under the stars ho walked all night, to keep warm, and wonder what was to become of him if all doors were closed to boys with a black skin. After several days he reached Rich mond, dirty, tired, hungry, penniless, ev erything but discouraged. He had never been in a city before and did not know what to do, bo he walked the streets un til after midnight, then crept under a sidewalk to rest as well as he could for the tramping of feet overhead and the clamor of an empty stomach. Mere than a year he worked and waited. Then with but a half consent from his mother, and less than half enough money to take him to Hampton, he started. He still did not know where it was. Five hundred miles would have seemed a long way, and It was long before he succeeded In covering It by walking and beggin? rides. But how? It required money, and up to this time all his wages had gone to his mother. He quit the mine ana hired him self as house boy to the wife of the znina owner— a Yankee woman, who gave him his first lessons in neatness, promptness, oider. He was puzzled, for he knew the teach er would demand two names, and he bad but one. But by the time the teacher got around to enroll him he had had an in spiration and he calmly announced that his name was Booker Washington. Later he learned that his mother had named him Booker Tallaferro, and though tho second part had been forgotten, he reviv ed it. A few months of school, then back to the salt furnace, and later to work as a "buddy" In a coal mine, with only the night time for study. The darkness of the ccal mine was full of horror to ths boy and the dirt of it he hated, but it wi>s in the depths of this mine he first beard of Hampton. Two miners wers talk ing one day of this school for colored peo ple and could they have peered Into the darkness of the passage they would have seen their "buddy" idle, wide-eyed, scarce breathing lest they should discover him and cease talking. Ha did not know where Hampton was. He did not care. He only knew he was going there. Ills mother had named him Booker, an old Virginia family name, and he was too young to think of having any other until he went to school and found that all the children had at least two names, and some three. By and by, however, the boy won and for a few months was allowed to go to school by getting up early and working until 8 o'clock and returning to work after school. And Is there one who can blams him for moving the hands of the clock forward a half hour each morning so that he could get to school by 8 'o'clock and not miss his recitations? At tchool he had a new difficulty to face — the question of a name. luck omens. On the other hand, h» be lieves Friday is his lucky day, for he can recall many successful undertakings be gun on Friday. In his first year, of freedom came the keenest disappointment of the boy's life. It^was decided to open a school for col ored people In the village of Maiden, where he worked, and now it seemed hla one dream was to come true — he could learn to read. Somehow— no one cares how— his mother had already secured for him an old Webster's blue-back spelling book. Alone he had mastered most of the alphabet, but he could not build words with it. The school opened, but Booker's stepfa ther could not spare him from bis work. Day after day he saw the boys and girls passing on their way to school, and all he cculd do was to practice making his "18" and stick closer to his old blue-back spell ing book. He was determined to learn something anyway. ably- the weak hand, his partner being ths dealer. The trump would be risky fro:n West's hand, but the supporting club would be a better lead than returning the heart. As It is, the weak trump hand ruffs. Trick 3— North makes an Invitation lead. West's lead would indicate that he had no trump strength, or he would have le<* for the protection of the established hearts. There Is no prospect of doing anything with the stilt, and this look* like a good time for East to get in and run. Trick 4— South draws the trumps for the piotection of his partner's snlt. which " must be within one of establishment. Trick 10.— East's failure to go on with the clubs can dnJy be accounted for on the supposition that he credits South with three clubs, a conclusion for which there are no grounds. The lead of the heart queen at this trick accounts for two of the tricks East and West lost upon th» deal. TABLE NO. 2. Tk. N. E. p. w 1. 2h 6h J h .JCh 2. 4s 6s , 'As « s 3. *Ql 3d 7g ,, 4. «9d 7d 2d [d 5. lOd »Ad Qd g,, 6. 3c «Ac - c g<j 7. Pc «Kc fi c Qc 9. So 4o 7J, »33 10. 5s 6h . .jo, Ah a -Kd , Qh «r x js £orth and South. 7; East and West. «. Trick 2-West's lead from four smatl trumps and nothing In two suits Is a flyeT. A still better result will follow the lead of the strengthening card. Trick 3-^South shows complete- command of the trump suit by his play at tricks 2 ana 3. Trick 4— The finesse 13 obligatory. Trick &-East gets in and makes his win ning clubs, which his opponents at th» other table failed to do. Trick play cf the spade queen at trick 3 must have deceived his part ner, for if South counts West with two' trumps he will not pass this trick, but trump in and draw the remaining trump* and discard his losing heart on his part ner's long diamond, which would save a trick. After some hours the teacher told hint to sweep one of the rooms. This he felt was to b» his entrance ex amination, ond he knew he could pass, for he had been an apt pupil of a Yankee housekeeper. Three times the room was swept, four times dusted; and when tha teacher— a Yankee, too— had looked in all the corners and rubbed her handkerchief on the walls, she told him he would do to enter the school. By doing janitor work h<> paid his way through Hampton and returned to Maiden to teach school. A year of study in "Washington, more teaching at Maiden, and a return to Hampton to aid In the ex periment of training Indians there— and then Tuskegee, the tiptop of his heaxt'a desire. This man has had two consuming ambi tions—to learn and to teach others. How these two thoughts have dominated his life Is shown by his answer to the ques tion of what stands out in his mind as the greatest moment of his life. "The greatest moment of my life," he said, "wa< when I received word that Harvard University had decided to confer a degree upon me. "Next to this in Importance to me was President McKlnley's consent to visit Tus kegee. These two things stand out in my Ufa as the greatest events." To Booker Washington the Harvard de gree meant recognition of what he had fione for himself; and the visit of th« President of the United States to Tueske gee was recognizltlon of what he had done for others. Hi» work is his life. Large offers of money havo failed to turn him from it, though he Is practically a poor man His salary of I2C0O a year la barely enough to support his family and enable him to en. terrain the distinguished visitors who go to Tuskegefl as his guests. The present Mrs. Washington Is the third one. and each wife has given her self wholly to the causa of educational work. The family consists of one daugh ter by the first wife and two sons by the second. What Mr. Washington counts his greatest hardship ia the necessity of being so much away from home, but his lectures are the main source of revenuo of the Tuskegee Institute. "My best rest and recreation," he says, "is an evening at home with my wife and children, or an afternoon In tha woods with them." Gardening Is also a faTorite pastime, and an hour away from his office dlgrgrinx among the Cowers or planting seeds is a rare treat. He keeps a number of pigs and fowls of fine breedaj and acknowl . edges the pig his favorite animal. He Is not fond of sports, never saw a game- of football and does not know one card from another. He goes fishing now and then, but would rather have a game of marbles with his two boys than anything else. He dreads speaking In public, suffering eo much from nervousness before speak ing that he has many times resolvoi never' again to make a speech. He likes best to speak to an audience of business men, and next a Southern audience. Thesa are most responsive, he says, and a New England audience Is always cold. He has a deeply religious nature, and never goes upon the platform without a prayer. Every day ha is at home h»» makes a practice of reading a chapter in the Bible first thing in the morning. By the rite of having been plunged In th9 Kanawha River when he was about 13 years old, he is a Baptist, though his re ligion Is bigger than any creed— it Is tha religion of doing good and helping others. On the subject of social equality of blacks and whites, Booker Washington says : , "The outcome of the race problem I cannot foresee. I do not believe in Inter marriage. It Is not practical. The ques tion cannot be solved that way. "In all things purely social, we can b« as separate as the fingers, yet one as tha hand In all things essential to mutual progress." Booker Washington does not seek social recognition for himself. It has coma as n spontaneous tribute to him as an indi vidual, and only those can understand It who have felt the force of his wonderful personality. BERTHA II. SMITH. boy while still in slavery, I could clean the yards, carry water to the men in the fields, take corn to the mill or carry my young mistress' books to the schoolhousa door." Going to the mill was the work he most dreaded, for the corn was sure to shift in the sack and make it fall off the horse, and there was nothing to do but sit still and cry till some one came along to put the sack of corn on the horse's back. This made him late at the mill and late going home through the woods, which were said to be full of soldiers who would cut oft little negroes' ears; and getting home late meant a scolding or a flogging. What a cbildhood! All work and whip pings and "uniformed hobgoblins and glimpses into that paradise— a schoolhouse — which he might not enter. "The first thing 1 can remember wish ing for and making up my mind to have was an education," continued Mr. Wash ington. It Is not fair to Booker T. Washington's mother to say that his only inheritance from her was ignorance and a slaves bonds. From her came his great ambition and that strong, etraight-almed will that has toppled down obstuc:es like so many ten-p'.ns. And wherever this ambition di rected him, there stood his faithful mother, who could not read or write her name, ready with sympathy and ready to help find a way. Night after night on the old plantation in Virginia did this mother bend over the bundle of rags where her baby lay and whisper a prayer to heaven that "Massa Lincoln" might succeed and make her and the boy free; and when at last they were called with the other slaves to the "big house" to hear the emancipa tion proclamation read, with tears of joy rolling down her black face she explained to him what It meant and* that this was the day for which she had prayed so long but feared she would never live to see. Like most of the slaves, this woman tested her freedom by leaving the planta tion.* Not until they had done this adoj^ed names different from those of thefr former owners did the negroe3 fe»;l tha'f they were really free. ¦; ¦ With her three children she went to Join h<*r husband In the Kanawha Valley in West Virginia, and through a mere child Booker was put to work in the salt: furnaces, where his father was employed as packer. Every packer had a number for his bar rels, and "IS," his stepfather's number, was the first thing Booker Washington ever learned In the way of book knowl edge. To this day he never sees the num ber that it does not make an impression on him. He does not count it his lucky number, but he likes It. Booker Washington confesses supersti tion. He believes every one has supersti tions. He would rather not have berth 13 in a sleeping car or room 13 in a hotel; and on no account would he go into a house with an ax over his shoulder, for this was one of the old plantation bad losses from fear of giving any chance for criticism, but. nevertheless, they win by eo doing. Such results are by no means surpris ing If one considers the foundation upon which many of the general rules are founded. Many of our strict long stilt players are not disappointed at their fail ure to bring In the suit opened originally. Many times from the start they look for no such outcome. The suit is led as the best defensive measure, with the knowl edge that in the long run less harm can rome from the opening than from an ex perimental or short lead, with the chances in favor of materiallyassistlng opponent. And, as a general thing, partner's mind Is at once relieved of the necessity of guarding against that particular suit aa an element of danger, whereas when a rtiort opening Is made he may be com pelled to exert his energies to protect himself against a run on that suft. So seldom is he strengthened by th€ Fhort lead that It hardly compensates for the burden which the possibility that partner's lead may be short places upon him. By avoiding risks of this nature the players who are satisfied to open their best suits In regard to number-showing leads, resort to few experiments and no deceptions, so far as partner is concerned, are the hardest ones to defeat. While for one to be content to be only a poor player Is censurable, there is a happy medium between the ironbound following of rules, and the player that is never to be de pended upon. The followers of the long suit game find they are able to meet the varying conditions as presented by the development of a hand, after an opening In' accordance with strict long-suit prin ciples, and derive fully as much enjoy ment from that exercise of skill and close attention in the middle and end of game, thus made possible, as do those whose openings are largely speculative. Among the most common of the mis takes committed by those who are In clined to play hastily, or to strive for more than there is in a hand, a few may be enumerated as follows: • Bold trump leads— when partner has shown by every means in his power that tarac are not desired. Disregard of ordinary rules— under the EASY LESSONS IN WHIST BY MRS. E. P. SCHELL. THE most expert of whist players iKeds to bo on his or her guard for f>ar of losing tricks more through «-are|eKsness or overreaching ambi tion than he can ever hope to gain 1-y any maneuver or brilliant play. It is a well-known and a recognized fact that 1'layers of a limited amount of experience bl>d little skill will often win over those of considerable reputation as expert whisi players simply because they do not at tempt impossibilities. With a fair knowl edge of the laws of the game, they play with a regularity often very effective, knowing rery little and caring less about the different new systems or methods which their opponents may employ, and little about the finesse or plays bearing such alluring terms. They take the trick3 that come their way with exasperating coolness. They may possibly look upon tl.eir adversaries with a great dfgree of *we. a lid in consequence avoid many P from slavery to ft plaoe of honor a among the great men of the na. tjon is the achievement of Booker Tsll&fcrro WasiingTca. Bern In a hovel, to * heritage ot igmorance and bondage, be has pushed forward uctil he stands elbow to elty>w with leaders of thought, the freest of th« freo. Horn a black man, he has proved that a man 1 !? a man regardless of the color of his Fkln. Booker Washington la proud of his race, glad that he was bcrn a negro. To him success Is measured r.ot by the posi tion a rr.aa* has reached but by the ob 6taclf? lie hsu» overcome. Of himself he talks freely, without em- Tiarrassment for the past or boastfulness Of the present. He takes himself for granted and expect* others to do th« tame. In his speech there la no trace of negro dialect. He has the soft Southern voice, but with less of the slur than one hears everywhere among the white people of the South. In repose his face would be serious but for the cheerful, optimistic upward turn of the line of his mouth, a mouth at once firm ar.d sensitive. His fearless gray eye glances from beneath a heavy brow, and the lines that deepen eo readily at the comers betoken a cer.se of humor never dormant- There Is determination In his firm, be fooled tread. In the tight, quick grasp of the hand that he extends in greeting with every confidence that it will not be lc fused. His broad shoulders are rounded from much bending over books— perhaps, too. from the heavy toil of salt furnace and . • i\ mloe where he had his first taste of With head bent forward and eyes low ered he seems not to notice what is go ing on about him. least of all whether people are looking at him. - But the old colored woman at Tuskegee was right v.hTi said: "Un< !e Booker Is the beatinest man I ever seo. He jes ¦walks 'lor.g wld his head down like he <Joan see nuffln; but dar ain't a teat kin git by him." Uncle Booker— yes, he is Uncle Booker to every negro In the South, from the youngest urchin to the oldest black mammy, and no prouder title would he ask than this voluntary tribute of affec tion. Hooker Washington does not know just ¦vi hen or where he was born. It was f nmewhere in Virginia, and the year was IESS <>r 1£3. What, in those days, was one black pickaninny more or less? He might as vr-!l have been a new kitten or a colt for 5i!i the notice he pot. Of his ancestry beyond his mother he krows nothing. No doubt they came over in slave ships from Africa. "In the days of slavery," he says, "not ir.uch attention was raid to family rec ords—that is. black family records." Of his father he knows even less than of his nother— r.ot even h'.s name. He ban !.• trd that he was a white man living on a nearby plantation. His earliest memories Are of the slave quarters en the Burroughs plantation In Virginia, where his mother was the plan tation <onk. Here as a b\)y he rolled ¦boot on -a pile of rags on the dirt floor, e!iakir.fr his little black fists at a ¦world that would treat a negro baby fo. The cabin had r.o windows. The door was not big enough for the opening, and wide crarks in the Fides made the "cat hole" down in the corner quite superflu ous. In these surroundings he grew up as In^st hr mig-ht. for his mother had little time to give to him and his brother and elster. "Did I play any?" He thought for an Instant as he sat In the chair, his hands thrust deep In his pockets, his brad bent srightly forward, his gray ryes Ebadtd by drooping upper lids. As he ta'ke he looks straight at you out of these half-closed eyes that have a habit cf opening suddenly very wide, as if to emphasize the things that most in terest him. "Not ur.t;l that question was asked me recently had it occurred to me that there has been no period of my life devoted to play. From the time I can remember anything almost every day of my life has been full of work. Although but a little THE SUNDAY CALL.. mistaken impression that it could make no difference in the result. False carding— when partner Is playing an aggressive game and should be given exact Information. Finessing In one's own' suit— when the chance to lose equals the chance to gain, and there Is • no compensating advantage In ¦ position possible, in case the finesse BOOKER TALIAFERRO WASHINGTON THE MAN To-day is published in The Sunday Call the second install- ment of "When Knighthood Was in' Flower," by Charles Major. This novel has truth- fully been called the most charming love story ever u-ritten. As a drama it has been one of the greatest suc- cesses that . Julia Marlowe ever played. "When Knight- hood Was in Flower" will be published complete in three issues of the Sunday Call, January 11,» 18 and 25. The story is illustrated by the special flashlight photo- graphs taken by Byron, the grreat New York photog- rapher, especially for Hiss Harlowe.