OCR Interpretation

The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, February 14, 1903, Image 6

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There are some forms of impudence which as
sume almost the dignity of the sublime. It is char
itable to presume that John D.' Rockefeller was suf
fering from mental indigestion when he caused the
United States Senate to I>e informed that he is op
posed to trust legislation.
City. Your question. "Did at any time
the Sutter-street Railroad Company run
its cars when propelled by horses from
Sutler and Sansome streets to Fillmoro
and California streets?" was submitted to
Secretary A. K. Stevena of the company,
one of the oldest employes in service, and
he has furnished the following reply;
"The cars. of the Sutter-street line drawn
by horses ran from the ferry to Sutter
street, along Sutter to Polk, Polk to
Broadway. A line by horse ran from Polk
and Bush to Fillmore, along Flllmore to
California, along California to Centra!
avenue and along the avenue to Post
street. Passengers were transferred at
Polk and Bush - to and from the Polk
street cars. This continued till 1S77. when
cable cars -ran from Sansome to Larkin
along Sutter. Horse cars continued to
run on Polk street until 18SS, when the
cable was constructed. Horse cars ran
out Bush street as aforesaid until about
18&0. when the cable was extended from
Larkin to Central avenue. This was in
about 1880, and horse cars from Sansome
to Central avenue were then discontinued.
The California-street road ran to Fill
more and California street in 187S or 187U.
The horse cars ran on Fillmore street
and out California for about a year after
the California-street road was built to
Fillroore street, which. waa its first west
ern terminus."
WHO CAN MARRY— Enquirer. Sierra
vlile, Cal. The law of California says
tr>at those who are empowered to per
form the marriage ceremony are "a Jus
tice of the Supreme Court, .Judge of a
Superior Court. Justice of the Peace,
priest or minister of the gospel of any
denomination. And from this it would
appear that "one who has been dropped
from the roll of his denomination" is no
longer a minister. A man ordained as a
minister who has been dismissed by his
congregation, but who has not been read
out of his denomination, is still a minis
It will be perceived that the terms of the chal
lcfigc bar out of competition the. famous laying
rooster, whose egg-producing feats are at once the
mystery and the pride of Petaluma. Still the Aus
tralians are not to be blamed for the bar. At the
time of the challenge they had not heard of tuch a
rooster, and of course could not be expected to have
provided for him by a gift of prophetic foresight.
That the Australians meant well and were honest
in their challenge is made evident by their guarantee
to pay all expenses on the part of the American com
petitors. Recognizing that fact the Americans have
made no effort to have the terms of the challenge
changed, but have promptly accepted' it as it stands.
So. many champions came foiward that it was found
necessary to select by lot those whose pens of pullets
are to uphold the egg-laying worth of the American
hens in the great contest. The three persons who
were fortunate in' the lottery are W. K. Hays of Hen-
Jcyville, California, who will send over White Wyan
dotles; Mrs. A. H. Hansel of Loup City, Nebraska,
who will rend Single Comb Brown Leghorns, and W.
B. Car.dec of Fayctteville, New York, who will seiid
White Wyandottes.' Thus the East and the West
SOME time ago the poultry men of Australia
issued to the poultry men of the United States
a challenge, addressed to Commercial Poultry,
in this form: "We arc willing and very anxious to
learn from our American confreres, especially in the
way of egg production. I am therefore instructed
by my committee to issue through you a challenge
to American breeders to send over three pens of your
best laying strains of any breed except Brahmas
(which could not be sold here) to take part in the
next competition, which will commence April or May
next, the pens each to consist of six pullets, but in
case of death we will ask for eight birds to-be sent.
To show that we are in earnest we arc prepared to
pay all expenses."
MARRIAGE-Subscriber, City. If a
marriage was performed by a person
who is authorized by law in the State of
California to perform tho ceremony and
it should appear that the wrong date was
inserted on the certificate such might be
looked upon as a clerical error. The other
portion of your question is one that
should be submitted to an attorney for
his opinion.
HcfosEMAN-J. P. H., Dixon, Cal.
This correspondent asks: "Who is the
oldest horseman in the United States and
In the world, that Is one who trains and
drtves horses in races? What is the age
of either or both? Do you know of any
Buch horseman in active work who is
over SO years of age?" Can any of the
readers of this department enlighten the
correspondent? ;
A good deal of circulation was given recently to a
report that Rudyard Kipling had written a letter to
a friend in New York severely roasting his wife's
relatives and that the latter had been read in public
at a Tufts College banquet. It now turns out that
Kipling did not writs /the letter. It was concocted
as a joke by one of the wits of the college and read
as an after-dinner entertainment. He charges that
the reporters did not have sense enough to under
stand a joke, and they retort that he did not have
brains enough to make one.
DIVORCE— Subscriber, Comptche, Cal.
When a divorce is granted it remains with
the court to award the custody of the
children. There is no rule for the award
ing of such, the judgment of tho court
being arrived at upon the presentation
of facts, and what in its opinion would be
for the best interests of the children.
IN THE ARMY— Subscriber. Alturas,
Cal. If you wish to know if there was a
man by the name of R. Neal in the
Twenty-fifth Illinois Regiment during me
civil war you will have to direct an in
quiry to the Secretary of War, Wash
ington, D. C.
Comptchf, Cal. You can obtain the laws
of tho State of California from the Secre
tary of State, Sacramento, Cal. Write to
him for such laws aa you des,lre and he
will advise you of the cost.
COIN VALUES-S. J.. San Jose, Cal.
Questions relative to the value of coins
will be answered if the correspondents
forward to this department a self-ad
dressed and Btamped envelope.
ALPHABET-G. G. VT.. Napa. Cal. The
shortest sentence in which all tho letters
of the alphabet except J can be found
Is in the twenty-first verse of the seventh
chapter of Ezra in the Bible.
"Her music teacher tells her there 1»
money in her voice." "I don't douM it.
He's getting it at the rate of $3 a lesson."
—Philadelphia. Bulletin.
Patience— It was held recently In a Lon
don Police Court that no one has any
right to force his way into a railway car
riage already full.
Patrice— Perfectly right; a man has no
business in any public conveyance when
he is In that condition. — Yonker^ States
"What are you staring at, Nellie?"
"Oh, please, ma'am, with your hair Ilka
that and your diamonds, you do look so
like Lady Plantaganet Gingham, that I
was own maid to! Are you any relation,
"No— at least, no near relation. But yon
can have that pink silk shirtwaist ot
mine. Nellie."— Life.
"You say he is the only minister in this
eection." interrogated the new arrival in
the- boom town, "and that he married
thirty couples in an hour?"
"Yes, stranger," responded the boomer,
"and we call him the 'torpedo-boat mlnu
"Why so?"
"Because he made thirty knots an
hour."— Chicago News.
.Going back to the two theories of allegiance, the
only men who were traitors under both were the
Southern men citizens of Northern States and the
Northern men also citizens of such States who went
South and joined the Confederacy. They not only
levied war against the United States, but also against
the States of which they were citizens and to which,
according to the Confederate theory, they owed
paramount allegiance.
It is somewhat strange that this obvious conclu
sion should escape an astute lawyer like Judge
Mackey and that in its place he should substitute
birthplace allegiance, which neither theory recog
nized. It is possible that his position is the survival
of a leaven of loyalty to the South which impels him
to form a theory that will excuse the act of the many
Southern born men who fought against the North
ern States of which they had long been citizens. His
new theory is not exactly patriotic now, since our
position in the world may make it necessary for us
to fight some European country whose expatriated
subjects form a considerable part of 'our population.
Allegiance to nativity should not be taught to these,
as it might combine internecine trouble with foreign
TH E constitution defines treason as levying war
against the United States or giving aid and
comfort to its enemies. This' was read alongside
of opposing theories of the constitution and was so
read in the South as to make a man's paramount
allegiance run to the State of which he was a citizen.
At the close of the Civil War the Federal courts did
not pass upon the issue, but chose, with the whole
country, to regard it settled, for the future,, by the
arbitrament of arms. The result of the war was ac
cepted as destructive of the doctrine of State before
national allegiance, and now there are none to dispute
that settlement. Still, in the minds of many men
arc very hazy and uncertain notions as to what con
stituted treason under both the Union and the Con
federate construction of the constitution and definition
of the term.
An interesting evidence of this uncertainty or loose
reasoning is furnished by a recent interview of Judge
Mackcy, a Confederate soldier, but since the war a
consistent Republican. He was a lieutenant of
engineers in the State forces of South Carolina and
was one of the officers in charge of the battery which
opened the Civil War by firing the first shot at Fort
Sumter, in Charleston harbor. He makes the point
that the order to fire on Sumter and the flag was
issued by General Ripley, a native of Ohio, who was
a brigadier general in the Confederate army. He was
educated at West Point, served in the Mexican War,
resigned his commission in 1853 and took up his
residence in Charleston.
Many of the Confederate generals were men of
Northern birth. Kirby Smith was born in Con
necticut: General Pemberton, who defended Vicks
burg, in Maine; General Gustavus Smith in New York;
General Cowpcr, who had been adjutant general in the
United States army and held the same place in
the Confederacy, was a native of New York; General
Gorgas was born in Connecticut; General Lovell, who
fought Butler at New Orleans, was a Massachusetts
Yankee. Now Judge Mackcy holds that the only
traitors in the war were these men of Northern birth
who fought for the Confederacy, and that they were
traitors under both the Union and the Confederate
construction of the constitution. Therein the Judge
conspicuously errs. The doctrine that a man's al
legiance, before the issue was settled by war, ran
to his, birthplace had no place in the Confederate
theory and surely none in the Union position.
With the single exception of General Gustavus
Smith, who resigned as Street Commissioner of New
York City and went South to join the Confederate
army, all the men named of Northern birth were, like
General Ripley, citizens of Southern States when the
war came on, and, believing the Confederate theory
that paramount allegiance ran to the State, they
joined the Confederacy. Their act put them exactly
in the same position as Jefferson Davis and Robert
E. Lee, whom the Federal Government refufeed to
put on trial for treason.
SENATE bill Xo. 161 and Assembly bill Xo. 224
provide that the school authorities ot every
school district in the State containing five or
r.iorc deaf children between the ages of three and
; \enty-one years must establish and maintain sep
arate classes in the primary and grammar grades of
ihe public schools wherein such pupil? shall be taught
by the pure oral system for teaching the deaf.
The scheme embodied in these two bills is not a
••ifw one. In a slightly different form it was presented
to the Legislature in 1899. It was defeated then and
should be defeated now. There is not the slightest
justification for it and it is not easy to see "how there
can be even a pretense of argument in its favor.
We do not know whose interest the scheme is
designed to serve, but certainly it is not that of the
<!caf. The State now maintains an institution of
tirst-class educational importance lor the care and
training of the deaf, and no sane man will maintain
that the proposed instruction in the public schools
tor such pupils would ever be equal to that given at
ihe State ajylum. If then the bill should pass, a con
siderable number of the deaf who are now entitled
to the best education that modern skill can give them
• ould have to be content with what the public schools
would provide under the new law. The loss to the
unfortunates would be great and. moreover, it would
co«t the school boards a considerable sum of money
jo inflict the loss.
In the absence 01 statistics it is not possible to
->-ay just how many new teachers would b<? required
to carry out the proposed plan of public school in
>1 ruction. As the bill applies however, to "deaf
children or children who from deafness are unable
to hear common conversation," it is certain that a
very large proportion of the school districts of the
State would have to provide for the additional classes
and instruction. In almost every thickly settled dis
trict there are "five or more*' such children. More
over, a good many who under the present arrange
ments are sent to the State institution would be kept
at home and sent to the public schools. Thus we
would have a pretty good class of deaf pupils in nearly
All experience shows that deaf or dumb or blind
children ought not to be educated in the same schools
with the more fortunate. Each class needs a special
training fitted to its misfortune and it would be a
heartless policy that would deprive them of it. In
hardly any department of governmental work has
California deserved more credit than in what has been
done for the care and training of the defective. Our
schools for the blind, the deaf, the dumb and those
of feeble minds have been and are among the
foremost institution? of the kind in the world. Why.
should we now turn away from a system that has
proven it* efficiency for the purpose of venturing
upon a new policy that promises nothing ejecept the
creation of additional positions as teachers in the
public schools.
The fact that the scheme, 'after having been once
defeated, is revived and finds advocates in both the
Assembly and the Senate is in itself an evidence that
some powerful interest is to be served by it. That
interest, however, has kept feilent and has not taken
ihe public into confidence. We have heard no open
argument in favor of the measure, no statement to
the people of the object aimed at. It appears to be
rme of the bills whose success depends upon the
>ccrecy with which they can be carried through the
committee rooms and hurried through the Senate
and the House. Resort to such tacti -. is a confession
ot demerit. The bills should be defeated. We have
already an ample provision for the instruction of the
<icaf. and if we have not, nothing of good could be
gained by providing for their instruction in the man
ner proposed. In fact, so far as the deaf children
are concerned, the policy is a heartless one, for it
would sacrifice their interests for the sake of making
positions for p-rsons who are doubtless quite able to
earn a living without becoming a charge upon the
revenues of the public schools.
Life among the smart set of New York must, be
very dull and tedious, for we learn that a young
woman of note among its members recently found
amusement by making a bet that she would go to a
public bootblack stand and polish the boots of the
first comer. She won it, but it was poor fun.
Among the singular findings and con
clusions of the majority of your board
are the following. The board says:
"It must be noted that owing to the
noiso and music on deck, aa testified to,
also considering the agitated condition
of Mr. and Mrs. Spear, as acknowledged
by them, there was a chance for the mis
understadlng of any conversation, par
ticularly tho expression 'You damned
— — ' as understood by Mr. and
Mrs. Spear, and the one Captain Cushing
It is difficult to conceive of a more re
sponsible or i important duty than that
which falls to officers composing a board
for the trial of an officer charged and
specified as In this cise: it is still more
difficult to understand why officers having
in charge duties of such moment, affect
ing the weal of the service, should not
sink every other consideration than the
single one of tho good of the service.
You were individually sworn, among
other things, in submitting your "con
clusions and recommendations" to the de
partment, to "be governed wholly by the
evidence adduced, and that you would
not be influenced for or against the ac
cused by anything not clearly shown in
the recorded evidence."
Testlm6ny that is as clear and convinc
ing as that Jn this case required no argu
ment, nor much deliberation, to point out
to your intelligence the guilt of the ac
cused upon all counts.
The members of a trial board become,
by their detail as such, the conservators
of the public interests in the case be
fore them, and falling short of the execu
tion of their sworn duties, shows clearly
enough that their sympathies take pre
cedence over the actual facts in the case
as developed by. testimony and the re
sult is a miscarriage of Justice.
A CAREFUL examination of this re
port, in connection with the tes
timony in the case upon which it
is based, discloses a line of spe
cious argument and strained conclusions,
which is not creditable to the majority of
the board in whose name this report i3
submitted, but clearly manifests an eva
sion of responsibility in the premises by
failure to recommend a punishment for
the accused in some degree commensurate
with the offenses charged, specified and
fully proven by the testimony submitted.
The testimony in the casp amply sus
tains the charges and specifications, and
therefore the facts in the case are plain.
To save the good name of the servlc,
and to make plain that its officers cannot
with Impunity offend against decency, th«
department has approved of the light sen
tence imposed.
There is inclosed herewith, for your in
formation, a copy of tho opinion of th«
solicitor of the treasury, upon the evi
dejice In. this case.
i. The charges and specifications prefer
red against Captain Cushing involved
only questions of fact, and no special le
gal acum*»n whs required in tho elucida
"Officerllke conduct to the scandal of
tho service," which is nonsense. And yet
that is the attitude Jn which the majority
of the board has placed Itself.
Here again the board adopted the fal
lacious reasoning, and almost the lan
guage of counsel for the defense, which
as applied to the case under consideration
is the reductlo ad absurdum.
The term "unofficerllke" cannot be sep
arated from the context, "scandal to the
service." From the conclusion of the ma
jority of the board, an officer may do or
perform anv act "to the scandal of the
service." and yet be perfectly offlcerlike.
The reference by the board to Winthrop
on Military Law and Precedents. wbOa
dealing with this charge, is singularly out
of place because it has not the least bear
ing on charge 2, or the specification there
under, and because the board follows it*
reference, by finding the accused guilty
of conduct to the scandal of the service,
but not of unofficerlike conduct, so that
the verdict as written would be:
3. Again: As to the second charge, "the
board tinds the accused guilty in less de
gree than charged, in this, that his con
duct was not unofficerllke. an that word
l.s detintd in Winthrop'.s Wurk on Mili
tary Law and Precedents, volume t, but
his conduct was to the scandal of the
The accused is guilty of oflicerlike and
ungeritlemnnly conduct.
Could any conclusion or finding from
the evidence be more absurd? How in
reason can "gentlemanly conduct" and
"offlcerllkfl conduct" be dissociated? If
an officer is ur.gentlemanly. is he not also
urofflcerlike. and does he not by be!n:r
ungentlemanly disgrace his uniform and
his service?
1. The conclusion of the majority of
the board in this instance is in line with
the argument of counsel for defense, is
strained, and to the last decree unreason
able. Such a conclusion was naturally to
be expected from counsel for the defense,
but upon the evidence the conclusion is
at variance with the facts. The majority
of the board say the expression as "un
derstood" by Mr. and Mrs. Spear. On the
contrary it was the expression charged
by Mr. Spear and positively sworn to on
the stand by both himself and Mrs. Spear.
Here it will be noted that, your report
gives to the accused the benefit of hJ3
oath as to the expression he says he used,
while to Mr. and Mrs. Spear you accord
only an "understanding" of what they
actually swore to as a fact.
The majority of the board conclude that
the expression "It was a damned mean
piece of business" sounds so much like
"You - " that there was cre
ated a doubt which was used. This con
clusion is pimply ridiculous. By no pos
sible stretch of imagination. In confusion,
noise or perfect quiet, could the element
of doubt as to which of the two expres
sions was used be entertained upon the
alleged ground that "they sound ao much
alike." There is not a sound In a single
word in either expression In the least
alike, except in the word "damned," and
how It came about that the majority of
the board reached its absurd conclusion
can only be accounted for if it is said
that they desired to do so notwithstand
ing the evidence in the case.
2. The first charge was "unsentlemanly.
unofficerlike and disgraceful conduct."
and the board tinds the accused "guilty
in less degree than charged, in this, that
the said Captain Cushing is guilty of un
gentlemanly conduct." That is to say:
An officer can be guilty of "unBentleman
ly conduct," and at the same time be offi
cerlike and not disgraceful. The verdict
of the majority of the board would then
stand as written:
"The majority of the board therefore
consider that there Is cause for a reason
able doubt as to the use of the vilo epi
thet as understood by Mr. and Mrs. Spear
and the language which Captain Gush
ing swears he used at the time specified
and places the exact expression In
claims to have used, 'it was damned small
piece of business," us they sound very
much alike.
JCHN^D. iPEtCKtLi, proprietor.^^
1 edicts f II Ccmmunicotior.s to VV. S. LEfl^E, Manager
Ask for THE CALL. Tho Operator Will Connect
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C. C CARLTO Herald Square
n"aJ<Sorf-A*torIa Hotel: A. Brentano. 31 Union Square;
llarray HIH Hotel: Fifth-avenue Hotel and Hoffman House.
fhencan Hyu*e; P. O. Newt Co.; Great Northern Hotel:
Tnemont Hcuse: Auditorium Hotel: Palmer House.
1I0RTOX E. CRAME, Correspondent.
BRA\CH OFFICES 527 Montgomery, corner of Clay. or*n
until P:SO o'clock. SrtO Hayes, open unMl 9:30 o'clock. 633
McAllister, open until 9:30 o'clock. 615 Larkin. open until
B:20 o'clock. 1941 Mission, epen until 10 o'clock. 2281
tf&rtot, comor Sixteenth, open until 9 o'clock. 10M V-i
lencia. epen until 9 o'clock- 106 Eleventh, open until 9
o'clock. J«*C. comer Twenty-seccnd acd Kentucky, open ;
until J> o'clock. 2300 Fillmcre. open until 9 p. m.
CAPTAIN Wl. H. CUSHIMJ of the United States rev- |
enue cutter service, now under suspension for black- j
guardly conduct, has reason to be thankful that he ¦
was tried by a court composed of his peers and not j
by the Secretary of the Treasury, to whom all |
blackguards look alike and for whom the dignity of the [
service has a decided meaning. In a scathing review of [
the testimony and of the court's findings, the Secretary ;
of the Treasury administers to the board a reprimand j
little less severe than the punishment it deemed fltting for
the offense of the members' brother officer. j
Cushing was accused of blackguardly conduct which j
would have disgraced a bucko mate of the old school aier- ;
chant marine. \ According to the Secretary of the Treas- ;
ury the evidence submitted to the court more than con- I
firmed, the accusations, and in their effort to shield their j
foul-mouthed associate, the members of the court in a •
measure share his guilt and have In consequence received i
something remarkably warm in the way of punishment.
Surveyor of the Port Spear some time ago complained
to Washington of Cushlhg's insulting attitude toward the
Surveyor and his chief deputy. A copy of the complaint
was sent to Cusrwng, who received it upon me u«t* *-*«i
ence Mackay received his friends on board the cable tfiil
Silvertown. In the Silvcrtown's cabin and In the p^s
ence of Mrs. Spear and other ladies, Cushing struck th<
Surveyor with his shoulder and addressed him In
language which forms the basis of the most serious charp
preferred against him.
The witnesses to tfcla ami other of Cushing's blact
guardly manifestations Included civilians of high offlcll
position and officers of the- army and navy. Their test!
mony, given light herO by Gushing' s brother ortVerH. wa
accepted at its true worth by the Secretary of the Treas
The officers composing the court-martial were: Cap
tain F. M. Munger, president: Captain \V. C. Cculson am
Captain C. H. McLelTan, Lieutenant F. M. Dunwood:
acted as recorder. Litutfnant Charles K. Johnston wa:
official prosecutor and did his best to get on record th<
service's condemnation of service blackguards. The court
however, according to the Secretary of the Treasury, wfi;
too much for Johnston.
The Secretary's review Is siven in fnH h^inw.
Fortunately the personal character of the leader
of the people in the fight is above all danger of dam
age from such opponents. It will not be easy to
convince honest men that Warren OIney is in politics
as the tool of the Contra Costa Water Company and
that he is practicing it by secret hypocrisy and open
Lincoln's famous saying, "You can fool a part of
the people all the time and all the people part of the
time, but you cannot fool all the people all the time,"
is quifc ;rue. but for the purposes of grasping cor
porations and their ready tools it is not necessary
to fool all the people all the time.* It will always be
sufficient for them if they can manage to fool a con
siderable portion of the people at every election.
It if for the purpose of achieving that much of fool
ing that the Examiner and the Contra Costa Water
Company are working now. The elements back of
OIney arc strong. They cannot be faced directly.
The one and only chance for the corporation to win
out or even to delay the final accomplishment of the
rights and the demands of the people is to set up
this cry that OIney is the tool of the water company.
So absurd arc the charges of the Examiner that
when they were first made the people of Oakland
read them with amazement and amusement. That
any sane man would deliberately, write himself down
an ass by saying that the water company had cap
tured and controlled the Republican party and the
Municipal League appeared to them incredible, so
they sought an explanation on the theory that the
task of doing Oakland politics had been turned over
to the "funny man" of the yellow sheet and that he
was doing his stunt as best he could. The repeated
iteration of th<* charges has, however, doubtless con
vinced Oakland by this time that they are up against
a roorback campaign in earnest and must meet it with
such patience as they can.
American corporations engaged in exploiting the
people have, learned by long experience that the best
way to make a fight for the continuance of their
privileges is to create dissensions among the people
by the dissemination cf lies. It is easy for them to
induce some rough and ready inventor of roorbacks
to start a story that the champion of the people
is really in secret an r.lly of the corporations. Such
tactics arc not always successful, but they have fre
quently served the purpose of the .corporations. If
they have not absolutely defeated the people's can
didate, they have at least raised discontents in the
minds of the suspicious, and to that extent have
weakened the force of public sentiment and lessened
the power of those who sought to remedy old wrongs.
The Contra Costa Water Company has adopted
that familiar plan of- action. Despite the clear
record of Mr. OIney on the question of the Oakland
water supply, despite his eminence at the bar and his
indisputable integrity and courage, it is now as
serted by the Examiner that he is conspiring in secret
with the water company and intriguing to defeat the
wishes of the people, deny justice and stultify the
honor of his whole life.
It is not expected even in the office of the water
company or in that of the Examiner that any con
siderable number of intelligent people in Oakland
will be deceived by such a charge made against such
a man. However, it is their only recourse. No
other argument, plea or apology for the opposition
to Mr. OIney is to bejound. It is the roorback or
- — s VER since Warren OIney and his colleagues of
— * the citizens' committee on water supply made
• — J their famous report on the water problems of
Oakland the Contra Costa Water Company has recog
nized that the lines of the fight between the com
pany and the people of Oakland were at last clearly
drawn and that the issue would have to be met at
the approaching spring election. Had there been
any doubts on the subject in the minds of the man
agers of the company they would have been dis
sipated by the action of the people when it came
time to nominate candidates. Perceiving the issue
clearly, men of both the great parties determined to
nominate for Mayor a candidate who in office could
be relied upon to meet it wisely and firmly. Accord
ingly not only the Republicans but the Democrats and
the Municipal Leaguers nominated Mr. OIney. His
services on the citizens* committee and the report
made by the committee constitute his platform on
the subject and his personal character is his guar
antee of fidelity.
Prior to the opening of the tournament or match
or function or fight or whatever may be the technical
term employed to express the approaching competi
tion, it is to be hoped the managers of the affair will
announce definitely whether they intend the decision
to be given finally by selected judges or whether in
case of dispute the international questions involved
are to be submitted to The Hague Court or to some
other tribunal of arbitration. Recent events demon
strate that there should always be some clear agree
ment on that point before any international con
troversy is begun. We see in the Venezuelan case
how much trine" and money is being wasted in dis
putes over that preliminary question, and it is evi
dent that were a # hen fight subjected to such long
disputations the hen would die before decision was
reached and could never have the satisfaction of
wearing the blue ribbon of victory on a grand
triumphal tour of country fairs.
The only information given on that point thus far
is the announcement that "the competition is strictly
under Government supervision" and that ''full and
complete reports will be issued and published in the
papers." That statement while not completely satis
factory is encouraging. At any rate we have accepted
the challenge and it is now too late to withdraw. We
foresee, however, that in case of defeat Pctaluma will
be sorry that her rooster was not there, and in case of
victory she will be more sorry still, for she would
have liked to have him lead the victorious cackling
with a world-rousing crow.
p.nd the middle of the continent will take part in the
strife, and we shall see which section of the Union
is the better able to uphold the dignity of American
pulletdom in foreign lands.
It is gratifying that the struggle will not begin
until next April and probably not until next May. By
that time we may expect to have the Venezuelan
question settled, Congress will have adjourned,
Kaiser William will have got off the earth and gone
on his usual spring yachting trip, the various mu
nicipal elections will be over and the world will be
prepared to give its undivided attention to the prog
ress of the struggle.
Parker's Hair Balsam Is the favorite for
dressing the hair and renewing Its life and color.
Hlndercorna. the best cure for corns. 15cts.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 13.-The following
Californians -are at the hotels: At the
Raleigh— J. Wagner and John Rice Chand
ler and wife of San Francisco. At the
New Willard-N. C. Ray of San Fran
Californians in Washington.
NEW YORK. Feb. 13.— The following
Californians are in New York: From San
Francisco— L. D. Hicks, at the Hoffman;
J. F. Matthels, at the Xormandie; C.
Hoover, F. P. Findley. at the Manhat
tan; D. F. Sherman. J. "VV. Hughes, at
the Vendome: Mrs. A. M. Xatlon, at the
Holland; V. Sargent, at the Metropolitan.
From San Jose— L. P. Hatcher, at the
Californians in New York.
Senator Charles M. Shortridge is at the
Thomas Flint Jr. of San Juan is at the
Ernest Sevter, an attorney of Eureka,
is at the Lick.
Charles E. Uren, a mining man of Chin
ese Camp, Is at the Lick.
Dr. C. Rowell of Fresno Is among the
arrivals at the Grand.
A. V»*. Glosy. a merchant of Portland,
Or., is at the California.
W. S. Haskins. a mining man of
Shasta, Is at the Grand.
E. T. Armes. a pump manufacturer of
Gait, is registered at the Lick.
J. B. Chlnn, a well-known resident of
Portcrville, Is at tho California.
John A. Bunting, a merchant of Cen
terville, is registered at the Occidental.
Hon. C. J. Ham, a member of the Aus
tralian Parliament, is at the Occidental.
We now have it on the best of authority that Ger
many's peculiar actions in connection with the Ven
ezuelan affair were due to a misunderstanding in
Berlin. It is very probable that Germany misunder
stood the American character and made the fatal
blunder that the American people arc willing to sub
mit silently to indignities.
In his <uit for divorce a Hawaiian official alleged
that liis better half called him a brute, a beabt. a dog,
a dirty dog and a cur. If this be true the lady cer
tainly should have informed herself on the literature
"i dogs, thoroughbred and otherwise, to avoid repe
tition in epithet
Fire etched valentine boxes. Townsend.*
Ex. strong hoarhound candy. Townsend's.*
Townsend's California glace fruit and
candies, 60c a pound, in artistic nre-etched
boxes. A nice present for Eastern friend3
6S9 Market St.. Palace Hotel building. • '
Special information supplied daily tn
business houses and public men by th»
Press Clipping Bureau (Allen*s>. 230 Call-
fcrnia street. Telephone Main 1043. •
I* ? ? READ ? • • I
The Leopard's Spots
i j This sensational problem play i
I i complete in three issues of the
February 22d, March 1st and 8th.
i Read The "Colonel Kate" Papers. I

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