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HOUSE ADOPTS NEW RULES
CURBING MINORITY'S POWER TO OBSTRUCT LEGISLATION Continued on Page 4, Column 2. STANFORD UNIVERSITY. Feb. 27.— Oorge T. Cochran, vl. a gTaduate of the Stanford law school, has relinquished his law in Calaveras County to ac cept a legal position under the United i-tates Government in Manila. Cochran *.-a.- : . one of the most brilliant students In the law cchool during his undergraduate 5aye at Stanford. former Stanford Man Advances. tiens and motions of celestial objects are Influenced not* only by the motions of the objects themselves, but also by motions of the observer. Including several minor disturbances, the observer's motion is mado up of three components: 1— That due to the rotation of the earth on its axis. The elements of this diurnal motion are well known, and Its effects can be eliminated completely from the observation?. ' « * • 2— That due to the annual revolution of the earth around the sun. The form of the earth's orbit is very well known, but there is at present an uncertainty of from one-fourth to one-half of 1 per cent in the size of the orbit. This introduces a slight' uncertainty In the observer's speed, which Is troublesome in a few cases. It is hopea that as a result of recent observations of the planet Eros we shall soon be able to eliminate the greater part of this uncer tainty. 3— That due to the motion of the solar system (sun, planets and their moons; through space. The elements of this motion are not well known. In fact, a general knowledge of them constitutes one of the most pressing problems in as tronomy, and it Is to contribute to the solution of this problem that the Mills expedition to the southern hemisphere has been organized. HEBSCHEL'S CONCLT7FIONS. - More than 100 years ago Sir William Herschel from. a consideration of the ap parent motions of the . few stars then accurately observed came to the conclusion that the solar system Is moving in - a straight line approxi mately -toward the constellation Her cules. This was In. fact one of the chrewd sruecses for ' which Herschel is justly famous. . Later solutions made by other astronomers, uslngthe steadily in creasing number of observed stars, have confirmed the approximate correctness of Herschel's result as to the point toward which the solar system is moving. They have, I think, without,' exception, located this point either in. Hercules or In Lyra. Nevertheless the various solutions leave These displacements of the spectra, duo Xo the -velocities of the stars, are on so minute a scale that the errors of observa tion may readily exceed' the magnitude of the quantities to be observed. Fortu rately the thorough understanding of the problem, reached through what have been bitter experiences to some observers, has made it possible at the 'present time to measure stellar velocities with a high de cree of accuracy. The displacements of the spectra referred . to, measured with the Instruments now in use for that pur pose, amount to only the thousandth part of an Inch for a- speed of fourteen mllea per second. Yet we are able to measure spectrum plates ,very nearly to the one hundredth part of a thousandth of an inch, that is, nearly to the one one hundred thousandth . of an inch. * The evolution of Instruments and - methods - and the precautions taken to. enable us to reach this de gree of refinement form an interesting DISPLACEMENTS MINUTE. The development - of the spectroscopic method of measuring stellar velocities in the line of sight of the observer has Placed in our^ hands a means of making decided improvements in our knowledge of the solar motions, since this method is entirely independent of stellar distances It Is exceedingly simple in theory, but one of extraordinary difficulty "In practice It is based upon the fact, well known to students of physical science, that If a Etar Is approaching the observer its spec trum will be shifted slightly aa a whole toward the violet from its normal posi tion, and if the star is traveling away from the. observer its spectrum will be shifted slightly as a whole toward the red end. have led to the assignment' -of values ranging from as low as five miles to as h-gh^as twenty-five miles per second. aw these solutions were based upon the observed directions, and changes in the ob served directions, of the stars, and in volved assumptions as to the unknown stellar distances. JCf^F rOR'K, Feb. 27.— Mrs. Balling ton'- Booth e'f the Volunteer* of America has addressed a letter to.the presidents ef all large railroads. In xvhich she says In part:* "I aip an extensive traveler, spending many days and riights of every month Jpoa the road, end, therefore, any ques tion which aSptcts the life or comfort of passengers or of the brave men ahead c?mes very closely home to me. "I have noticed on reading of some receipt railroad wrecks, as also many in the past, tbat. the sun-Ivors have had to the agony of fatally injured victims," who. pinioned Inextricably be neath°th© wreckage, have pleaded for tie-'^elicf of death while uncontrollable fiaraes have scorched or consumed them. If 'a duRD^ animal were seen in similar circumstances we could Instantly end jts xnisery with a Bwlft blow or a raer- Vlf ul shot. -*Th!R is not permissible when the sufferer Is a human being.- whose hffchly * organized nervous system is capable 'of still greater suffering. "Why not equip every train with a small "case containing chloroform, ether, stimulants, bandages, lotions for bruises aLd antiseptic eolations for washing wounds. These could bV packed in a very email case and would represent no very costly outlay. Would it not be an unspeakable comfort to bystanders, as well as to the sufferers, if those dying in pjjposy could be rendered unconscious by a. few breaths of a merciful anes thetic' to say nothing of the prompt aid which could be rendered to those who iuight yet be saved?" Eptci&I Dispatch to Tha Ca'l REFLECTING TELESCOPE. W.HICH WAS SPECIALLY CONSTRUCTFD FOR USE OF ASTRONOMERS, THE EXPERT IN CHARGE OF THE EXPEDITION AND HIS ASSISTANT. Mrs. Booth WouloVEnd .the Pain of Wreck : /\ ' .Victims. "Resolved; That the announcement by the Speaker pro tempore that said resolu tions were adopted was in fact untrue, and that the said James. J. Butler is still entitled to his. seat in this House, and that said George C. .Wagoner is not now entitled to-' the same." FLEMING IS SUPPRESSED. Payne, the majority leader, was recog nized, deepite , the protests of Fleming that he could not be taken off the floor, arid moved to lay the resolution on the table. The Democrats forced a roll call on .the motion. The motion prevailed— 161 to 106.- - Cannon of Illinois then asked unani mous' consent to disagree to the Senate amendments to the sundry civil appro priation bill and send the bill to confer ence. - Reserving the right to object, Rich ardson asked if by the Republican rules of the House the bill did not go to the Cora mitee on Appropriations. • . . - ."All the rules of this Republican Housed have been and are being sacredly enforced," replied the Speaker. "All I ask is the enforcement of the rules," said Richardson. "I demand the regular* order." "The gentleman from Tennessee ob jects," answered the Speaker, who Im mediately recognized Dalzell, who; pre sented the two rules agreed to by the Rules Committee this morning to expe dite appropriation bills and to continue the legislative day of yesterday until March 4. As the terms of the rules were read at the clerk's desk the Demo crats Jeered. DEBATE WAXES. FIERCE. ~ ', When the confusion subsided Dalzell, speaking, in support of the necessity for the rules.. called attention to the refusal of the minority to allow the sundry civil appropriation bill to go to conference — a request, he said, that had: never before >been refused in the history of the House. Amid Democratic jeers and Republican applause, he characterized the course of tho minority as a "child ish proceeding." Underwood of Alabama taunted the Republicans with being obliged to make the humiliating confession that they were unable to "do business" under the Reed rules. Grosvenor (R.) of Ohio declared that the majority was not abandoning the Reed rules. It was simply.' doing: Its duty. • t De Armond (D.) of Missouri was giv en five minutes and the entire Demo cratic side broke into . tumultuous applause when he arose. In bitterly sarcastic terms he arraigned the other side,: ridiculing the^ "pathos" in the voice of Grosvenor and excoriating Dal-^ zell for his action while'in the chair last night, declaring that the majority now had one 'who always could be relied on to do. that' which no one else would do CANNON HAS LAST WORD. Williams (D.) of Illinois was even more Severe than DeArmond in his de nunciation of the action of the majority BUFFALO, X. T., Feb. 27.— Edwin I* Burdick, president of E. L. Burdick €a Co. and of the Buffalo Envelope Com pany, I was murdered early to-day at his home on Ashland avenue in one of the finest residence sections of the city. The theory first advanced, that the crima v.as tho work of a burglar, wa3 aban doned as the police probed deeper into tho case, and to-night, while they claim to have several Important clews, no arrest has been made. Mr. Burdick was last seen alive last night at 10:30. o'clock, when he bade tho other members of the household good night and started for his room, apparent ly with" the intention of retiring for tho night. . This morning his body was found lying on a couch in a small room off the lower hall, used by Mr. Burdick as a smoking-room. The body was covered with a rug and a number of sofa pil lows. The couch . was saturated with blood. The head had been crushed with some blunt instrument. Chief of Detectives Cusack took charga of the case. A thorough examination of the house and its occupants was made Nothing of value was missing. The out side door was locked and the spring lock was In its place when the servant3 got up this morning. The inner door was ajar. A kitchen window was partly raised, biu there were no marks on the snow outside or upon, tha window sill to indicate tha* any one had entered there. AH the other windows and doors of the house were se curely fastened. This shattered the theory that the crime was committed by an un known Intruder. v Some interesting discoveries were made in other parts of the house. To begin with, no weapon could b« found any where. 1 The body . was clad In only an undergarment. Tho trousers and other ar ticles of clothing which Mr. Burdick had worn were in his bedroom on the floor above. The bed had not been occupied. On the- table in the smoking-room the detectives found a bottle partly filled with whisky and the romains of a light lunch eon. Members of the family declare that Mr. Burdick never partook of the food of which the' luncheon was composed and never drank liquor while eating. In, this connection Chief Cusack gave out' the following statement: "From what investigations I have made I would conclude that Mr. Burdick was called down stairs by a ring or a knock, at the door after he was ready for bed. He evidently admitted some one he knew well and took the visitor into the den for a talk and to partake of the luncheon found there. "There are some signs of a struggle. The fact that two of the fingers of Mr. Burdick's left hand were broken indi cates that he put up his hand to ward off r- blow which he saw coining." . The force with which the blows that killed Mr. Burdick wepe delivered seem3 to preclude the possibility that a woman wielded the weapon. Mrs. Burdick, the murdered man's wife, left home two months ago with the In tention, it is said, of not returning. On December 5 proceedings for divorce were filed In the County Clerk's office by Mr. Burdick. It is understood that Airs. Bur dick went to Atlantic City. What con nection Burdick's- domestic trouble may have had with the crime, the police do not presume to say. Tho police to-night found a hackman who carried a man to the first corner east of the Burdick house last eight about 12 o'clock. After leaving the carriage th^ roan, of whom the police have a gooU description walked up the street toward Burdick's hous» PROPOSES USE OE CHLOROFORM FOR THE DYING During the day Fleming of Georgia, ris ing to a question of the highest privilege, sent to the clerk's desk and had read the following resolution: "Whereas, It appears from the Con gressional Record of February 26, 1903, that by actual count and. announcement by the Speaker pro tempore, .a quorum was not present when the ., resolutions were voted upon declaring that James J; Butler was not elected and that George C. R. Wagoner was duly elected a Rep resentative in the Fifty-seventh j Con gress from the Twelfth Missouri District, and that the point of no quorum was duly raised upon the vote of each of said reso lutions and that the same .in each in stance was overruled by the Speaker. pro tempore, in violation of the "constitution,' the rules of the House and the practice of all parliamentary bodies: ARKAIGNS.THE SPEAKER. It was agreed on both sides that the present situation sounded the death knell of practically everything except tbe ap propriation bills. The friends of the omni bus public building bill, who yesterday threatened to defeat the rules, if they were not modified to Include their meas ure, were placated by a promise, which, it is understood, was given/, that- their bill would be covered by a special rule to be brought in later. " Even with the special rules . in opera tion, getting appropriation bills into con ference was a tedious and laborious pro cess, an eight-hour session and thirteen roll calls being necessary to get the sun dry civil, the military academy and the postoffice appropriation bills into confer ence and to adopt the conference report on the Indian appropriation bill. All overtures from the Republican side to the Democrats to induce the latter to abandon their filibustering have been fruitless and there is every indication that they will continue their present tactics to the. end of the session. seated they would do_ everything in their power to block legis lation from now until Congress expires on March 4. The- result- was another stormy session,, prolonged from 11 o'clock this morning until 7 o'clock to-night. Roll call succeeded roll call and- at every pause party passion manifested , itself In ..bitter and acrlmlnous denunciation- Two spe cial rules were brought in to expedite ap propriation bills and continue the legisla tive day of yesterday in order to reduce as much as possible the minority's power to obstruct legislation. During the debate on the rules^the Democrats voiced their condemnation of what they denominated yesterday's outrageous action of the chair. The Republicans declared that they were willing to assume responsibility for what they had done and explained the necessity of the drastic rules presented to day. Dalzell said that unless this course were pursued the Democrats could, con sume 137 hours, or twenty-seven legisla tive days, on roll calls on tne ' Senate amendments to the appropriation bills. BLOCKS ALL LEGISLATION. •rw- iar y ASHINGTOK, Feb. '27.— la •« / The De ™ ocrats . ct tIle ffi / i»/ House to-day 'earned out tlr fir their threat of yesterday » » that "if Butler were un- Defeat of Resolution Questioning Veracity of Spea her One Feature of an Exiiting- Day. Wealthy Buffalo Kesi dent Victim of an Assassin. STRANGE CRIME GIVES SLEUTHS HARD PROBLEM STATESMEN , WHO FIGURE IN THE STORY OF PARTISAN WAR IX THE HOUSE. The solution referred to led to the re sult that the solar system is moving ap proximately in the direction of the southern boundary of the Lyre, with a speed of twelve and a half miles per second. There is no doubt that this re sult for speed is very close to the truth; but it Is reasonably certain that the di rection of the -motion is somewhat in er ror. The weakness' of the solution lies in the fact that the Observed stars are not distributed uniformly over the entire sky. The ' region ' from SO degrees south of the celestial equator, of the south pole of the sky is not represented at all in the ob- SPEED OF SOLAR SYSTEM. The velocities of some four hundred of the brishtcr stars have In the last seven years been measured with the D. O. Mills spectrograph attached to the great Lick telescope. These stars are distributed more or less uniformly over the three-fourths of the sky visible from Mt Hamilton. Two years ago I combined the results from these stars In an attempt to determine the elements of solar mo tion. It Is evident that while the individ ual stars have Individual motions, one moving In one direction, another in an other direction, nearly all of them appar ently independent of one another, yet if the solar system is moving toward, a given point In the sky the stars In that portion of the sky will on the average appear to be approaching the solar system; and sim ilarly, that the stars In the exactly op posite portion of the sky will appear to be moving away from the solar system. Con versely, If the velocities of the stars in all parts of the sky be known, ft is pos sible by mathematical analysis to determ ine a point in the sky such that the stars within a concentric area will , have the maximum velocity of approach to : the solar system: and in the corresponding opposite area, a maximum velocity of re cession; the stars in other areas of the sky having systematically smaller speeds of approach or recession. Cullom then asked for an agreement to vote on the treaty, but Morgan objected. It was then that Cullom remarked that from all he could learn the delay was for the purpose of defeating the canal and Morgan replied with his "imp-ln-hell" simile. part of the history of astronomy, but need not be considered here. "We can consider this treaty next fall or winter," said Morgan; "there is no hurry about it." This remark also caused a sensation. Morgan went en to say th.it the Senate could take all the time it pleased In rati fying the treaty. He declared the New Panama Company had a pang of lobby ists both here and in Colombia and they would, corrupt the Colombian Government and secure the ratification of the treaty in order to get their hands upon the $40, 0TO.000 to be paid for the concession. Oullom then told the Senator from Ala bama that his present conduct was only heaping (rouble upon himself and others here, for If it was his piirppijjffttp^talk this treaty to death he v,*auld|>«jr" requ»rpd;tu tome back here a»d -rekew* his : tafk -when there was more'time at t ho disposal of the Senate. Cullom remarked that Mor gan wuold be known as the "father of the caral" and hia fame was not only national, but international, on account of his connection with the great enter prise. Tt would be too bad, he said, to destroy the value of years of work con tributed to the success of the canal scheme by defeating the treaty. "I am repeatedly told that I am the fattier of the canal." said Morgan. "I don't want to be father to any such dirty work as this." Cullom did net make any reply to this tirade of abuse Morgan heaped upon him. The Senators were astonished, though they had heard Morgan employ his vitu perative powers before. After Jlorsan' had talked for several hour?, displaying vitality that surprised his hearers, Cullon, In a conciliatory tone, suggested thut, as a full hearing had been given to all who cared to ' t>peak on the treaty. a:i agreement should tc reached for a vote before the session expired: Morgan refused flatly to agree upon the time for a vote. t WASHINGTON, Feb. 27.-"That is as false as though it had come from the mouth of an nv.y in heli," shouted Sena tor Morgan in th" executive session of the Senate to-day in reply to an Qb'erva tion made by Senator Cullom that Mor gan evidently v.as speaking with the In ttJitlon of delaying and defeating the canal treaty. Morgan was livid with rage and his frame trembled as he uttered his denial. "I don't take orders from the Senator from Illinois," he continued. "When T want somebody to act as my captain. I will get a man with more mental caliber and a broader mir.d.' Special Dispatch to Tli» Cal! Declares Canal Lobbyists Are Debauching Two Capitals. Likens Illinoisan to an Imp of the Nether Regions. Our knowldge of the speed of the solar system has been much less satisfactory. Herschel had almost no Information as to the distances of the stars; but by mak ing certain assumptions as to their dis tances he was led to the conclusion that the speed of the solar system Is probably in the neighborhood of ten miles per sec ond. Other discussions I of the question an uncertainty of at least ten or fifteen degrees as to the direction of the motion. In the neighborhood of San tiago, Chile. The work of the ex pedition will be largely technical, yet its purpose is to contribute to the solution of a. perfectly definite i.Toblcm. It is well known that the observed posl- THE D. O. Mills astronomical expedition from the Lick Ob servatory, University of Cali fornia, will sail from San Fran cisco to-day, with destination &y W. W. Campdeth Director of Lick Observatory. Morgan, Livid With Rage, Assails Cullom, Astronomers Sail To-Day for the Southern Hemisphere to Calculate Endless Path of the Sun and Planets. STATESMAN'S IRE AMAZES COLLEAGUES WILL DETERMINE WHITHER SOLAR SYSTEM SPEEDS IN ITS FLIGHT THROUGH SPACE Continued on Page 2, Column 4. VOLUME XCIII— NO. 90. PRICE FIVE CENTS. SAN. FKANCII5CO, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1903. The San Francisco Call.